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1.

図書

図書
Aldo Andreotti
出版情報: Pisa : Scucla Normale Superiore, 1992-  2 v. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Pubblicazioni della Classe di scienze / Scuola Normale Superiore ; . Selecta : di opere di Aldo Andreotti ; tomo 1-2
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2.

図書

図書
Harry P. Hatry ... [et al.]
出版情報: Washington, D.C. : Urban Institute : ICMA, 1992  xviii, 284 p. ; 28 cm
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3.

図書

図書
sponsored by the U.S. Army Research Office and The Ohio State University
出版情報: [Columbus, Ohio : Ohio State University, 1992]  256 p. ; 28 cm
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4.

図書

図書
International Textile Manufacturers Federation. Annual Conference ; International Textile Manufacturers Federation
出版情報: Zürich : International Textile Manufacturers Federation, 1992  59 p. ; 30 cm
シリーズ名: International textile manufacturing ; v. 15, 1992
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5.

図書

図書
Alexander H. Slocum
出版情報: Dearborn, Mich. : Society of Manufacturing Engineers, c1992  xvi, 750 p. ; 29 cm
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6.

図書

図書
Peter J. Bowler
出版情報: New York : W.W. Norton, c1992  xvii, 634 p., [8] p. of plates ; 21 cm
シリーズ名: Norton history of science
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface
List of Illustrations and Figures
The Problem of Perception / 1:
Expanding Horizons
Culture and Nature
Science and Christian Tradition
The Nature of Science
The Scientific Method
Science as a Social Activity
Science and Ideology
The Ancient and Medieval Worlds / 2:
Greece and Rome
Rival Cosmologies
Plato and Aristotle
Late Antiquity
The Medieval Period
Bestiaries and Herbals
The Revival of Scholarship
Renaissance and Revolution / 3:
Humanism and the Natural World
Secret Powers
The Riches of Nature
Animal, Vegetable and Mineral
The Great Instauration
Natural History and Revolution
The Mechanical Philosophy
Theories of the Earth / 4:
Science in an Age of Reason
Classification and Explanation
The Earth Described
The Origin of the Earth
The Meaning of Fossils
New Cosmogonies
Fire and Water
Neptunism
Plutonism
Nature and the Enlightenment / 5:
The Diversity of Life
The Classical Era
The Social Environment
The Argument from Design
The System of Nature
The Chain of Being
System and Method
Linnaeus
The Economy of Nature
Rural Harmony
Maintaining the Balance
The Geography of Life
The Possibilities of Change
Filling in the Gaps
Buffon
Materialism and the Origin of Life
Natural Progress
The Heroic Age / 6:
The Organization of Science
Europe Surveys the Earth
America Catches Up
A New Geography
Humboldt and the Cosmos
Humboldtian Science
The Geological Record
Fossils and Stratigraphy
The Ancient Rocks
Climate and Time
The Cooling Earth
Ice Ages
Mountains and Continents
The Shrinking Earth
Floating Continents
The Rate of Change
Catastrophist Geology
The Uniformity of Nature
The Age of the Earth
The Philosophical Naturalists / 7:
Knowledge and Power
Professionals and Amateurs
Science and Politics
The Pattern of Nature
Chains, Trees and Circles
Form and Function
The Geography of Plants
Botanical Provinces
Historical Biogeography
The History of Life
The Extinction of Species
Progressive Development
The Process of Change
Transmutation before Darwin
The Origins of Darwin's Theory
Natural Selection
The Age of Evolution / 8:
Exploit or Conserve?
Science and Empire
The Professionalization of Biology
Early Conservationism
The Darwinian Revolution
Interpretations of Darwinism
The Darwinians
Anti-Darwinism
The Tree of Life
Evolutionary Morphology
Fossils and Ancestors
Human Origins
Evolution and the Environment
Paths of Migration
Evolution and Adaptation
The Origins of Ecology
The New Biology
Plant Ecology
The Earth Sciences / 9:
Science in the Modern World
Expansion and Fragmentation
The Age of Big Science
The End of Exploration
A Global Physics
Weather Patterns
Ice Ages Again
Drifting Continents
Geology in Crisis
Wegener's Initiative
The Reaction to Wegener
Plate Tectonics
Paleomagnetism
Sea-Floor Spreading
Past and Present
Darwinism Triumphant / 10:
Images of Power
Nature and Culture
The Evolutionary Synthesis
Parallel Evolution
The Defence of Lamarckism
Population Genetics
The New Darwinism
The Implications of Darwinism
Animal Behaviour
Mind and Brain
Evolution and Ethology
Primate Studies
Sociobiology
Ecology and Environmentalism / 11:
Changing Values
Subduing the Wild
The Rise of Environmentalism
Ecology Comes of Age
Animal Ecology
Marine Ecology
Modern Ecology
Populations and Systems
Ecology and the Environmental Crisis
Notes
Bibliographical Essay
Index
Preface
List of Illustrations and Figures
The Problem of Perception / 1:
7.

図書

図書
Thich Nhat Hanh ; edited by Arnold Kotler
出版情報: New York : Bantam Books, 1992  xv, 134 p. ; 21 cm
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8.

図書

図書
International Conference & Exhibition for the Power Generation Industries
出版情報: Houston, TX : PennWell Conferences & Exhibitions, [1992]  6 v. ; 24 cm
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9.

図書

図書
sponsored by Los Angels and San Francisco Bay Area Councils, IEEE, Southern and Northern California Chapters, ERA
出版情報: Los Angeles, CA : Electronic Conventions Managment, c1992  xv, 848 p. ; 29 cm
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10.

図書

図書
Henri H. Arsenault, Yunlong Sheng
出版情報: Bellingham, Wash., USA : SPIE Optical Engineering Press, c1992  xi, 126 p. ; 26 cm
シリーズ名: Tutorial texts in optical engineering ; v. TT 8
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11.

図書

図書
by Jean Paul Sartre ; translated from the French by Eric Sutton
出版情報: New York : Vintage Books, 1992  397 p. ; 21 cm
シリーズ名: Les chemins de la liberté ; 1
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12.

図書

東工大
目次DB

図書
東工大
目次DB
Heitaro Nakajima, Hiroshi Ogawa ; translation by Charles Aschmann
出版情報: Tokyo, Japan : Ohmsha, c1992  x, 232 p. ; 24 cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface
INTRODUCTION: THE CHANGES RECORDED DICS
   I.1 The Changes in Discs (Records) 1
   I.2 The Changes in Software 4
Chapter 1 WHAT IS A COMPACT DISC - THE CD SYSTEM
   1.1 More than 60 Minutes Playing Time Is Possible with a Small Disc 7
   1.2 Why Does a Single Disc Hold More than an Hour? 7
   1.3 A Signal of 0's and 1's Is Used for Recording 9
   1.4 Resistant to Dirt and Scratches 11
   1.5 There Is No Needle in the CD System Pickup 12
   1.6 The Light Beam Plays the Role of the Needle 14
   1.7 Frequency Response of the CD System 16
   1.8 The RPM at the Inside and Outside Circumferences of the Disc Are Different in the CD System 19
Chapter 2 THE STEPS OF DIGITALIZATION
   2.1 The Steps toward Digital Audio 21
   2.1.1 Start with rotary head 21
   2.1.2 Stationary head type follows 24
   2.1.3 A rotary head consumer model marketed 24
   2.2 Why Is Digitalization Good? 29
   2.2.1 The chance for digitalization 29
   2.2.2 What is digitalization 33
   2.2.3 Sampling and quantization 34
   2.2.4 The method of digitalization 38
   2.2.5 Characteristics affecting sound quality 43
   2.2.6 Characteristics affecting operability 44
   2.2.7 Characteristics of equipment design and selection 44
   2.2.8 Route to commercialization 45
Chapter 3 THE BIRTH OF THE DIGITAL AUDIO DISC (DAD)
   3.1 Growth-Looking Back at Video Discs 47
   3.1.1 Development of video discs 47
   3.1.2 Piezoelectric (mechanical) systems - TED system 47
   3.1.3 Capacitance systems 48
   3.1.4 Optical system 53
   3.1.5 Magnetic system 55
   3.2 Standardization of Digital Audio Discs 55
   3.2.1 The path to standardization - the steps toward DAD 55
   3.2.2 CD system 59
   3.2.3 MD system 59
   3.2.4 AHD system 62
   3.2.5 The evaluation of the DAD conference 64
   3.3 Main System Standards for the CD System 65
   3.3.1 Sampling frequency 44.1 kHz 65
   3.3.2 Quantization number 16 bits 68
   3.3.3 Playing time 60 minutes 69
   3.3.4 Disc dimensions 12 cm 70
Chapter 4 CONSTRUCTION OF THE DISC
   4.1 The Shape and Materials of the Disc 71
   4.2 Premastering 73
   4.3 How Discs Are Made 76
   4.3.1 Compression molding 78
   4.3.2 Injection molding 78
   4.3.3 2P method (photo polymerization) 79
   4.4 Shape of the Pits 80
   4.4.1 Pit width 80
   4.4.2 Pit length 80
   4.4.3 Pit depth 81
   4.4.4 Pit edges 82
   4.4.5 Asymmetry 83
Chapter 5 CONSTRUCTION OF THE SIGNAL
   5.1 Why Is Error Correction Necessary? 85
   5.2 What Is Error Correction? 87
   5.3 Error Correction in the CD System (CIRC) 92
   5.3.1 Reed-Solomon code 92
   5.3.2 CIRC 97
   5.4 Why Modulation Is Necessary 105
   5.5 Modulation Method for the CD System (EFM) 107
   5.6 Signal Format 111
   5.7 Subcoding 113
   5.8 CD-ROM Format 117
   5.9 CDV Format and Signal Processing 119
Chapter 6 CONSTRUCTION OF THE PLAYER
   6.1 Player Construction 125
   6.2 Function of the Optical Pickup 126
   6.3 Restoration of the RF Signal 128
   6.4 Asymmetry Correction and Clock Regeneration 131
   6.5 Digital Signal Processing and the Function of the Memory 132
   6.6 Tracking Servo Mechanism 133
   6.6.1 Twin spot system 135
   6.6.2 Push-pull system 136
   6.7 Focus Servo Mechanism 138
   6.7.1 Astigmatism method 140
   6.7.2 Foucault method 141
   6.8 Speed Control Servo Mechanism 142
   6.9 Construction of the CDV Player 145
Chapter 7 AN ACTUAL CD PLAYER
   7.1 Player Structure 149
   7.2 Analog ICs 150
   7.2.1 RF amp 150
   7.2.2 Servo signal processing 151
   7.3 Digital ICs 152
   7.3.1 Signal processing LSI 152
   7.3.2 LSI for the digital filter 154
   7.4 DA Converter 155
   7.4.1 Integration method 158
   7.4.2 DEM method 160
   7.5 Slide Mechanism and Access 162
   7.5.1 Slide mechanism 162
   7.5.2 Access 164
   7.6 Optical Pickup 165
   7.6.1 Laser diode (Semiconductor laser) 168
   7.6.2 Lens 173
   7.6.3 Actuator 174
   7.6.4 Detector 176
   7.6.5 Integrated pickup 176
Chapter 8 HOW TO ENJOY THE CD SYSTEM
   8.1 Summing up the Special Features of the CD System 179
   8.1.1 Sound quality - obtainable response 179
   8.1.2 Reliability - the advantage of no-contact operation 180
   8.1.3 Operability 181
   8.1.4 Dimensions and weight 182
   8.2 Different Kinds of CDs 183
   8.2.1 Components 183
   8.2.2 Car stereos 186
   8.2.3 Automatic changers 187
   8.2.4 Portable players 188
   8.3 Using CDs 190
   8.3.1 Players 190
   8.3.2 Discs 191
   8.4 Additional Features of CDs 192
   8.4.1 Subcoding 192
   8.4.2 Digital audio interface 195
   8.4.3 4 Channel systems 196
Chapter 9 CD - VARIATIONS
   9.1 Extended Forms for CDs 197
   9.2 CD-ROM 199
   9.2.1 Main features 199
   9.2.2 Data recording 200
   9.2.3 Hardware 201
   9.3 CD-I 203
   9.3.1 Main features 203
   9.3.2 Data recording 204
   9.3.3 Hardware 206
   9.4 CDV 207
   9.4.1 Data recording 208
   9.4.2 Hardware 209
   9.5 CD Singles 209
   9.6 Recordable CDs 209
Explanation of Terms 211
Index 217
Preface
INTRODUCTION: THE CHANGES RECORDED DICS
   I.1 The Changes in Discs (Records) 1
13.

図書

図書
Joseph-Alfred Serret
出版情報: Paris : Jacques Gabay, c1992  2 v. ; 19 × 25cm
シリーズ名: Les grands classiques Gauthier-Villars
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14.

図書

図書
István Hermecz, Géza Keresztúri, Lelle Vasvári-Debreczy
出版情報: San Diego : Academic Press, c1992  ix, 452 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Advances in heterocyclic chemistry / ed. by Alan R. Katritzky ; v. 54
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Microwave Irradiation for Accelerating Organic Reactions / V.G. Granik A.D. Garnovskii ; J. Kuthan ; K. Burger ; D.J. Lythgoe ; G. Fischer}cM. Tisler}cP. Kolar ; R.E. Valters ; E.S.H. El Ashry ; I. HermeczI:
Preface
Hermecz / J. Kuthan,1:
5,6-Dihydroxyindoles and Indole-5,6-diones / Part I:
Amino Acids as Synthons for Heterocyclic Compounds / Bohumil Dolensky et al. ; J. Fahrig, B. Schulze ; A.P.S. Sadimenko ; M.J. Silvester ; U. Wucherpfenning ; C.A. Ramsden
Chemistry of Pyrido[1,2-c][1,3]oxazines / F. Fulop ; Y. El Kilany ; R.M. Moriarity
Syntheses, Structures and Interactions of Heterocalixarenes / E.S.H. El Ashry et al.
Tropones / P. Sebek,
Pyrido[1,2-c][1,3]thiazines
Organometallic Complexes of B-, Si- (Ge-), and P- (As, Sb-) Analogues of Pyridine
Current Troger's Base Chemistry
Isothiazolium Salts and their Use as Components for the Synthesis of S,N-Heterocycles
Five- and Six- Membered Heteroaromatic Compounds as s and p Ligands
4-Unsubstituted, 5-Amino and 5-Unsubstituted, 4-Aminoinidazoles / P. Sebek ; E. Brunner
Tropolones and Tropylium Salts with Fused Heterocyclic Rings
Acyclonucleosides / D. Korbonits
Three, Four and Five Membered Heterocycles / Prakash ; P.W. Groundwater
Imidazopyridines: 1- and 3-deazapurines
Synthesis of Heterocyclic Compounds Using Organohypervalent Iodine Reagents / J. Liebscher ; B.A. Arbuzov ; S. Bohm ; H. Wamhoff ; B.B. Lohray2:
Organometallic Complexes of the eegr
Index
Fluoro Heterocycles with Five-Membered / A.V. Gulevskaya ; V.P. Kislyiet al
Recent Development in Ring-Chain Tautomerism
Chemistry of Pyrido [1,2-b][1,2] oxazines
A.V. Kadushkin / M.A. Munawar ; A. Sadimenko
Rings
N-Fluoropyridinium Salts. / G.N. Nikonov
II: Intramolecular Reversible Addition Reactions to the C=N, C N, C=C, and C C Groups / G. Richardt
Pyrido [1,2-b][1,2] Thiazines / V. Bhushan
Aminoisoxazoles: Preparations and Utility in the Synthesis of Condensed Systems / A.F. Pozharskii
Recent Advances in Fluoroheterocyclic Chemistry
M. Moreno-Manas and R. Pleixats / G. Doddi ; J.M. Rawson,
Pyrido[1,2-c]pyrimidines and Their Benzologues
2 (N, C)-Coordinated Derivatives of Pyridine
Developments in the Chemistry of Thiopyrans / 3:
Phosphorous Heterocycles from (-Hydroxyalkylphosphines and Vinylphosphines
Palladium (0)-Catalyzed Allylation of Ambident Nucleophilic Aromatic Heterocycles / S.Stolben
Part II
Annulated heterocyclo-purines / M.A.E
Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution of Hydrogen as a Tool for Heterocyclic Ring Annulation
Selenopyrans / S.K. Bur, A. Padwa ; N. Rashed
Part 1: Synthesis / G. Ercolani ; S. Radl ; A.J. Banister,
Heterocycle-Fused Acridines / O.B. Korzhavina ; F.A. Abu-Shanab
Shaban,The Chemistry of C-Nucleosides and Their Analogs / M.R. GrimmettII:
The Synthesis of Heterocycles Using Cascade Chemistry / A. Rybar ; V. P. Litvinov et al.
Synthesis of Amino Derivatives of Five Membered Heterocycles by Thorpe-Ziegler Cyclisation
Thiopyrylium, Selenopyrylium, and Telluropyrylium
Mono- and Diazaquinones
Pyrido [1,2-b] pyridazines and their Benzologues / I. Lavender ; K.F. Suzdalev ; B.J. Wakefield
and Teluropyrans / 4:
Salts
C-Nucleosides of Condensed Heterocyclic Bases
Fused six-and more-membered heterocyclo-purinediones, -purinones and -purineimines
The Chemistry of Thienopyridines
Halogenation of Heterocycles / A.P. Sadimenko
New Developments in the Chemistry of Pyrans. / E. Alcalde
Y.U.I. Ryabukhin
Cumulative Index of Titles 1-70 / M.H. Elnagdi ; E. Kleinpeter
Fluorine-Containing Heterocycles
1,2,4-Triazolo- and tetrazolo[x,y-z]Pyrimidines
Cumulative Index of Authors 1-70 / J. Garin ; G. Varvounis
Organometallic Chemistry of Polypyridine Ligands II / Part III:
Chemistry of Pyrido[2,1-b][1,3]oxazines
Heterocyclic Betaines:Pyridinium (Imidazolium) Azolate Inner Salts with Several Interannular
1, 3, 2-Dioxathiolane Oxides: Epoxide Equivalents and Versatile Synthons
Part III
Subject Index 61-70
Pyrido[2,1-b][1,3]thiazines / G.G. Furin
Linkages
The Chemistryof Dithiadiazolylium and Dithiadiazolyl Rings. / A. Mousaad
Iminophosphoranes: Versatile Tools in Heterocyclic Synthesis
Organometallic Chemistry of Polypyridine Ligands I / T. Giannopoulos ; M.A.E. Shaban ; S. Lupfert
and their Benzologs
Recent Developments in Ring-Chain Tautomerism / C.J. Easton ; K. Undheim
Synthesis of Perfluoroalkyl Heterocycles Using Perfluoroolefins Containing a Reactive Group at the Double Bond
Chemistry of 1,3-Thiazin-4-Ones and Their Derivatives / V.G. Granik ; M. Taha ; E. Ramadan ; T. Umemoto
Synthesis / A.Z. Nasr ; W. Friedrichsen ; C.M.M. Hughes ; T. Benneche
Condensed 1,2,4-Triazines / V.A. Makarov
Chemistry / S-, Se- Te-(Perfluoroalkyl)dibenzothiophenium
Methylpyridines and Other Methylazines as Precursors to Bicycles and Polycycles
Confrontational Analysis of Saturated 6-Membered Oxygen-Containing Heterocyclic Rings
The Reactivity of Tetrathia- and Tetraselenafulvalenes. / G.P. Savage
The Chemistry of C-Nucleosides and Their Analogs I: C-Nucleosides of Hetero Monocyclic Bases / G. Fischer
Part 3-Heterocycles Fused to Other Aromatic Heteroaromatic Rings / C
Fused to Heterocycles with Six- and Seven-Membered Rings and Fused to Two Heterocyclic Rings
Organometallics in Coupling Reactions in pi-Deficient Azaheterocycles
I. Intramolecular Reversible Addition Reactions to the C=O Group
Part IV
Chapter References / G.W. Simpson
and Biological Properties of Thienopyrimidines / S.M. Lukyanov
Paacute;rkaacute;nyi / G. Bernath
Part 1-Fused to Heterocycles with 3,4 and 5-Membered Rings
Enamines as Synthons in the Synthesis of Heterocycles
Cycloaddition Reactions of Nitrile Oxides with Alkenes
-selenophenium, and-tellurophenium Salts
Tropolones
Subject Index / K. Pihlaja
Cumulative Index of Authors, Volumes 1-60
1,3-Oxazinium and 3-Azapyrylium Salts
and Tropylium Salts with Fused Heterocyclic Rings: Part 2: Structure
Cumulative Index of Titles, Volumes 1-60
Reactivity, and Application
Heteropentalenes with a Fused Imidazole or 1,2,4-Triazole Ring and One Bridgehead Nitrogen Atom
Cumulative Subject Index, Volumes 55-60
Sterochemistry, and Transformations of Cyclopentane-
Cyclohexane-
Cycloheptane-, and Cyclooctane-fused 1,3-Oxazines
1,3-Thiazines, and Pyrimidines
Microwave Irradiation for Accelerating Organic Reactions / V.G. Granik A.D. Garnovskii ; J. Kuthan ; K. Burger ; D.J. Lythgoe ; G. Fischer}cM. Tisler}cP. Kolar ; R.E. Valters ; E.S.H. El Ashry ; I. HermeczI:
Preface
Hermecz / J. Kuthan,1:
15.

図書

図書
John B. Russell
出版情報: New York : McGraw-Hill, c1992  1 v. (various pagings) ; 26 cm
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16.

図書

図書
Toimittajat, Tero Öberg, Heikki Kleemola
出版情報: Espoo : Valtion Teknillinen Tutkimuskeskus, 1992  186 p. ; 25 cm
シリーズ名: VTT Symposium ; 132
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17.

図書

図書
edited by Harriet Meinander
出版情報: Espoo : Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1992  343 p. ; 25 cm.
シリーズ名: VTT Symposium ; 133
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18.

図書

図書
edited by Eija Alakangas
出版情報: Espoo : Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1992  148 p. ; 25 cm.
シリーズ名: VTT Symposium ; 134
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19.

図書

図書
edited by Pentti Uuspää, Göran Pulkkis
出版情報: Espoo : Technical Research Centre of Finland, 1992  308 p. ; 25 cm.
シリーズ名: VTT Symposium ; 135
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20.

図書

図書
Franklin T. Luk, chair/editor ; sponsored and published by SPIE--the International Society for Optical Engineering
出版情報: Bellingham, Wash., USA : SPIE, c1992  ix, 520 p. ; 28 cm
シリーズ名: Proceedings / SPIE -- the International Society for Optical Engineering ; v. 2027
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21.

図書

図書
Ronald Allen Knief
出版情報: New York, N.Y. : Taylor & Francis, c1992  xix, 770 p. ; 23cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Foreword
Foreword to the First Edition
Preface
Preface to the First Edition
Overview / I:
Basic Theory / II:
Nuclear Reactor Systems / III:
Reactor Safety and Safeguards / IV:
Nuclear Fusion / VI:
Appendixes
Nomenclature
Units and Conversion Factors
The Impending Energy Crisis:A Perspective on the Need for Nuclear Power
Reference Reactor Characteristics General
Bibliography
Index
Foreword
Foreword to the First Edition
Preface
22.

図書

図書
Zhores A. Medvedev
出版情報: New York : Norton, 1992  xii, 352 p. ; 21 cm
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23.

図書

図書
Alan Booth
出版情報: London : Ulverscroft Large Print Bks, 1992  604p ; 22cm
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24.

図書

図書
[editor, Robert Gardiner ; consultant editor, Andrew Lambert] ; [contributors, David K. Brown ... et al.]
出版情報: London : Conway Maritime Press, 1992  192 p. ; 30 cm
シリーズ名: Conway's history of the ship
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25.

図書

図書
editors, H. Pham and M.H. Hamza
出版情報: Anaheim, CA : IASTED : ACTA Press, [1992]  279 p. ; 28 cm
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26.

図書

図書
editor, M.H. Hamza
出版情報: Anaheim, CA : IASTED : ACTA Press, [1992]  379 p. ; 28 cm
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27.

図書

図書
AES International Conference ; Audio Engineering Society
出版情報: New York, N.Y., USA (60 E. 42nd St., New York 10165-0075) : Audio Engineering Society, c1992  359 p. ; 28 cm
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28.

図書

図書
ワンダ・ヤンコフスキー編
出版情報: 京都 : 京都書院, 1992.3  240p ; 32cm
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29.

図書

図書
Daniel C. Harris
出版情報: Bellingham, Wash. : SPIE Optical Engineering Press, 1992  ix, 175 p. ; 26 cm
シリーズ名: Tutorial texts in optical engineering ; v. TT 10
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface
The Heat of the Night and the Dust of the Battlefield / 0.:
Electromagnetic spectrum and atmospheric transmission / 0.1:
Blackbody radiation / 0.2:
Transmission through rain, snow, fog and dust / 0.3:
References
Optical Properties of Infrared Windows / 1.:
A day in the life of a photon / 1.1:
Refraction and refractive index / 1.2:
Birefringence / 1.2.1:
Preference for cubic materials / 1.2.2:
Reproducibility of the refractive index / 1.2.3:
Reflection and transmission / 1.3:
Transmission of an absorbing window / 1.3.1:
Etalon effect / 1.3.2:
Optical constants: n and k / 1.4:
General behavior of absorption coefficient and refractive index / 1.5:
Transmission spectra of infrared materials / 1.6:
Measuring the absorption coefficient / 1.7:
Direct transmittance measurements / 1.7.1:
Laser calorimetry / 1.7.2:
Emissivity / 1.8:
Effect of temperature on absorption and emission / 1.9:
Free carrier absorption in semiconductors / 1.10:
What makes a window midwave or long wave? / 1.11:
"Two-color" materials / 1.12:
Optical Performance of Infrared Windows / 2.:
Resolution / 2.1:
Scatter / 2.2:
Modulation transfer function: a measure of imaging quality / 2.3:
Degradation of infrared sensing by a hot window / 2.4:
Emittance from a hot window / 2.4.1:
Temperature gradients in windows / 2.4.2:
Frequency doubling / 2.5:
Microwave transmission properties of infrared materials / 2.6:
Mechanical Properties / 3.:
Elastic constants / 3.1:
Measuring the strength of brittle materials / 3.2:
3-point and 4-point flexure tests / 3.2.1:
Equibiaxial disk flexure test / 3.2.2:
Ceramics fracture at pre-existing flaws / 3.3:
Stress concentration by cracks / 3.3.1:
Strain rate dependence of strength / 3.3.2:
Weibull statistics / 3.4:
The Weibull distribution / 3.4.1:
Safety factors / 3.4.2:
Strength scales with area (or volume) under stress / 3.5:
Strengths of optical ceramics / 3.6:
Strength is not an intrinsic property of a material / 3.6.1:
Temperature dependence of strength / 3.6.2:
Window and dome design / 3.7:
Designing a circular window / 3.7.1:
Designing a dome / 3.7.2:
Hardness and fracture toughness / 3.8:
Relation of strength to fracture toughness and grain size / 3.8.1:
Temperature dependence of hardness and fracture toughness / 3.8.2:
Thermal Properties / 4.:
Thermal expansion and heat capacity / 4.1:
Thermal conductivity / 4.2:
Thermal shock / 4.3:
Hasselman figures of merit / 4.3.1:
Klein figure of merit for minimum thickness dome / 4.3.2:
Mach-altitude limits for a dome / 4.3.3:
Aerodynamic domes / 4.4:
Thermal stability of window materials / 4.5:
Fabrication of Infrared Materials / 5.:
Classes of infrared materials / 5.1:
Glass-cermaics / 5.1.1:
Fabrication of polycrystalline materials by powder processing / 5.2:
Yttria: an example of dome fabrication from a powder / 5.2.1:
Methods of densifying ceramics: sintering, hot pressing and hot isostatic pressing / 5.2.2:
Annealing / 5.2.3:
Chemical vapor deposition / 5.3:
Zinc sulfide and zinc selenide / 5.3.1:
Silicon carbide and silicon nitride / 5.3.2:
Single-crystal materials / 5.4:
Gallium arsenide, gallium phosphide, germanium and silicon / 5.4.1:
Sapphire / 5.4.2:
Hot forging / 5.4.3:
Optical finishing / 5.5:
Scratch/dig specifications / 5.5.1:
Optical polishing / 5.5.2:
The effect of surface finish on mechanical strength / 5.6:
Polymer infrared windows / 5.7:
Optical Coatings / 6.:
Antireflection coatings / 6.1:
Moth eye surfaces / 6.1.1:
Interference fringes for measuring coating thickness / 6.1.2:
Adherence of coatings / 6.1.3:
Emittance from coatings / 6.1.4:
Rugate filters / 6.1.5:
Stress in coatings / 6.2:
Conductive coatings for electromagnetic shielding / 6.3:
Erosion and Erosion Protection / 7.:
Rainfall characteristics / 7.1:
The raindrop impact event / 7.2:
Raindrop damage threshold velocity / 7.3:
Threshold velocity for fracture or loss of mechanical strength / 7.3.1:
Threshold velocity for loss of optical transmission or contrast / 7.3.2:
Threshold velocity for loss of mass / 7.3.3:
Rain erosion test facilities / 7.4:
Whirling arm / 7.4.1:
Single-impact waterjet / 7.4.2:
Multiple-impact jet apparatus (MIJA) / 7.4.3:
Single-drop impact testing / 7.4.4:
Aerodynamic effects in rain erosion / 7.5:
Erosion by solid particles / 7.6:
Combined effects of sand and rain / 7.6.1:
Effect of angle of incidence on erosion / 7.7:
Waterdrop impact at inclined angles / 7.7.1:
Sand impact at inclined angles / 7.7.2:
Comparative erosion testing of materials / 7.7.3:
Protective coatings for erosion / 7.8:
Mechanisms of protection by coatings / 7.8.1:
Diamond-like carbon and germanium-carbon coatings / 7.8.2:
"Boron phosphide" and other phosphorus-based coatings / 7.8.3:
"REP" coating / 7.8.4:
Claddings / 7.8.5:
Diamond coatings / 7.8.6:
Proof Testing / 8.:
Case study: proof testing of zinc selenide / 8.1:
An example of an unsuccessful proof test / 8.1.1:
What is the stress intensity factor? / 8.2:
Slow crack growth / 8.3:
The theory of proof testing / 8.4:
How strength changes during a proof test / 8.4.1:
A theoretical example: proof testing of sapphire / 8.4.2:
Designing a proof test for the space shuttle window / 8.5:
Minimum time to failure after a proof test / 8.5.1:
Crack growth parameters for space shuttle window material / 8.5.2:
Proof test design / 8.5.3:
Fatigue / 8.6.:
Optical-Quality CVD Diamond / 9.:
What is diamond and how is it made? / 9.1:
Chemical vapor deposition of diamond / 9.1.1:
The two surfaces of CVD diamond / 9.1.2:
Mechanical and thermal properties of diamond / 9.2:
Hardness, toughness and elastic properties / 9.2.1:
Mechanical strength / 9.2.2:
Thermal expansion / 9.2.3:
Thermal conductivity and heat capacity / 9.2.4:
Commercial grades of CVD diamond / 9.2.5:
Optical properties of diamond / 9.3:
Absorption and scatter / 9.3.1:
Refractive index / 9.3.2:
Microwave properties of diamond / 9.3.3:
Diamond windows and domes / 9.4:
Polishing diamond / 9.4.1:
Mechanical and erosion performance / 9.4.2:
Oxidation of diamond / 9.4.3:
Prospects / 9.4.4:
Physical Constants and Conversion Factors / Appendix A:
Suppliers of Infrared Materials and Sources of Information / Appendix B:
Optical Properties of Infrared Materials / Appendix C:
Refractive index, absorption coefficient, and dn/dT / C.1:
Dispersion equations for refractive index / C.2:
Absorption coefficients of selected materials calculated by OPTIMATR / C.3:
Change of refractive index with isotropic pressure / C.4:
Definitions from Radiometry / Appendix D:
Elastic Constants / Appendix E:
The Weibull Distribution / Appendix F:
Weibull probability distribution / F.1:
Effective volume or area / F.2:
Weibull equations for different kinds of test specimens / F.3:
Relative strengths of different kinds of test specimens / F.4:
Weibull scaling by area instead of volume / F.5:
Thermal Properties of Selected Materials / Appendix G:
Index
Preface
The Heat of the Night and the Dust of the Battlefield / 0.:
Electromagnetic spectrum and atmospheric transmission / 0.1:
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