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1.

図書

図書
Maitland Jones, Jr. and Henry L. Gingrich
出版情報: New York : Norton , 東京 : 東京化学同人(発売), 2001, c2000  x, 787 p. ; 28 cm
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2.

図書

図書
Susan McMurry
出版情報: 東京 : 東京化学同人 (発売), 2000.4  361p ; 24cm
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Preface
A Note for Students
Structure and Bonding; Acids and Bases / 1:
Atomic Structure / 1.1:
Electron Configuration of Atoms / 1.2:
Development of Chemical Bonding Theory / 1.3:
The Nature of Chemical Bonds / 1.4:
Forming Covalent Bonds: Valence Bond Theory / 1.5:
Hybridization: sp[superscript 3] Orbitals and the Structure of Methane / 1.6:
Hybridization: sp[superscript 3] Orbitals and the Structure of Ethane / 1.7:
Hybridization: sp[subscript 2] Orbitals and the Structure of Ethylene / 1.8:
Hybridization: sp Orbitals and the Structure of Acetylene / 1.9:
Polar Covalent Bonds: Electronegativity / 1.10:
Acids and Bases: The Bronsted--Lowry Definition / 1.11:
Acids and Bases: The Lewis Definition / 1.12:
The Nature of Organic Compounds: Alkanes / 2:
Functional Groups / 2.1:
Alkanes and Alkyl Groups: Isomers / 2.2:
Naming Branched-Chain Alkanes / 2.3:
Properties of Alkanes / 2.4:
Conformations of Ethane / 2.5:
Drawing Chemical Structures / 2.6:
Cycloalkanes / 2.7:
Cis--Trans Isomerism in Cycloalkanes / 2.8:
Conformations of Some Cycloalkanes / 2.9:
Axial and Equatorial Bonds in Cyclohexane / 2.10:
Conformational Mobility of Cyclohexane / 2.11:
The Nature of Organic Reactions: Alkenes / 3:
Naming Alkenes / 3.1:
Electronic Structure of Alkenes / 3.2:
Cis--Trans Isomers of Alkenes / 3.3:
Sequence Rules: The E,Z Designation / 3.4:
Kinds of Organic Reactions / 3.5:
How Reactions Occur: Mechanisms / 3.6:
The Mechanism of an Organic Reaction: Addition of HCl to Ethylene / 3.7:
Describing a Reaction: Reaction Energy Diagrams and Transition States / 3.8:
Describing a Reaction: Intermediates / 3.9:
Reactions of Alkenes and Alkynes / 4:
Addition of HX to Alkenes: Hydrohalogenation / 4.1:
Orientation of Alkene Addition Reactions: Markovnikov's Rule / 4.2:
Carbocation Structure and Stability / 4.3:
Addition of H[subscript 2]O to Alkenes: Hydration / 4.4:
Addition of X[subscript 2] to Alkenes: Halogenation / 4.5:
Addition of H[subscript 2] to Alkenes: Hydrogenation / 4.6:
Oxidation of Alkenes: Hydroxylation and Cleavage / 4.7:
Biological Addition Reactions of Alkenes / 4.8:
Addition of Radicals to Alkenes: Polymers / 4.9:
Conjugated Dienes / 4.10:
Stability of Allylic Carbocations: Resonance / 4.11:
Drawing and Interpreting Resonance Forms / 4.12:
Alkynes and Their Reactions / 4.13:
Aromatic Compounds / 5:
Structure of Benzene: The Kekule Proposal / 5.1:
Structure of Benzene: The Resonance Proposal / 5.2:
Naming Aromatic Compounds / 5.3:
Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution Reactions: Bromination / 5.4:
Other Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution Reactions / 5.5:
The Friedel--Crafts Alkylation and Acylation Reactions / 5.6:
Substituent Effects in Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution / 5.7:
An Explanation of Substituent Effects / 5.8:
Oxidation and Reduction of Aromatic Compounds / 5.9:
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons / 5.10:
Organic Synthesis / 5.11:
Stereochemistry / 6:
Stereochemistry and the Tetrahedral Carbon / 6.1:
The Reason for Handedness in Molecules: Chirality / 6.2:
Optical Activity / 6.3:
Specific Rotation / 6.4:
Pasteur's Discovery of Enantiomers / 6.5:
Sequence Rules for Specifying Configuration / 6.6:
Diastereomers / 6.7:
Meso Compounds / 6.8:
Molecules with More Than Two Stereocenters / 6.9:
Racemic Mixtures and the Resolution of Enantiomers / 6.10:
Physical Properties of Stereoisomers / 6.11:
A Brief Review of Isomerism / 6.12:
Chirality in Nature / 6.13:
Alkyl Halides / 7:
Naming Alkyl Halides / 7.1:
Preparing Alkyl Halides / 7.2:
Reactions of Alkyl Halides: Grignard Reagents / 7.3:
Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions / 7.4:
The S[subscript N]2 Reaction / 7.5:
The S[subscript N]1 Reaction / 7.6:
Eliminations: The E2 Reaction / 7.7:
Eliminations: The E1 Reaction / 7.8:
A Summary of Reactivity: S[subscript N]1, S[subscript N]2, E1, E2 / 7.9:
Substitution Reactions in Living Organisms / 7.10:
Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers / 8:
Naming Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers / 8.1:
Properties of Alcohols, Phenols, and Ethers: Hydrogen Bonding / 8.2:
Properties of Alcohols and Phenols: Acidity / 8.3:
Synthesis of Alcohols / 8.4:
Reactions of Alcohols / 8.5:
Synthesis and Reactions of Phenols / 8.6:
Synthesis and Reactions of Ethers / 8.7:
Cyclic Ethers: Epoxides / 8.8:
Thiols and Sulfides / 8.9:
Aldehydes and Ketones: Nucleophilic Addition Reactions / 9:
The Nature of Carbonyl Compounds / 9.1:
Naming Aldehydes and Ketones / 9.2:
Synthesis of Aldehydes and Ketones / 9.3:
Oxidation of Aldehydes / 9.4:
Nucleophilic Addition Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones: Reduction / 9.5:
Nucleophilic Addition of Water: Hydration / 9.6:
Nucleophilic Addition of Alcohols: Acetal Formation / 9.7:
Nucleophilic Addition of Amines: Imine Formation / 9.8:
Nucleophilic Addition of Grignard Reagents: Alcohol Formation / 9.9:
Conjugate Nucleophilic Addition Reactions / 9.10:
Some Biological Nucleophilic Addition Reactions / 9.11:
Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives / 10:
Naming Carboxylic Acids and Derivatives / 10.1:
Occurrence and Properties of Carboxylic Acids / 10.2:
Synthesis of Carboxylic Acids / 10.3:
Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution Reactions / 10.4:
Reactions of Carboxylic Acids / 10.5:
Chemistry of Acid Halides / 10.6:
Chemistry of Acid Anhydrides / 10.7:
Chemistry of Esters / 10.8:
Chemistry of Amides / 10.9:
Chemistry of Nitriles / 10.10:
Polymers from Carbonyl Compounds: Nylons and Polyesters / 10.11:
Carbonyl Alpha-Substitution Reactions and Condensation Reactions / 11:
Keto--Enol Tautomerism / 11.1:
Reactivity of Enols: The Mechanism of Alpha-Substitution Reactions / 11.2:
Alpha Halogenation of Aldehydes and Ketones / 11.3:
Acidity of Alpha Hydrogen Atoms: Enolate Ion Formation / 11.4:
Reactivity of Enolate Ions / 11.5:
Alkylation of Enolate Ions / 11.6:
Carbonyl Condensation Reactions / 11.7:
Condensations of Aldehydes and Ketones: The Aldol Reaction / 11.8:
Dehydration of Aldol Products: Synthesis of Enones / 11.9:
Condensations of Esters: The Claisen Condensation Reaction / 11.10:
Biological Carbonyl Reactions / 11.11:
Amines / 12:
Naming Amines / 12.1:
Structure and Properties of Amines / 12.2:
Basicity of Amines / 12.3:
Synthesis of Amines / 12.4:
Reactions of Amines / 12.5:
Heterocyclic Amines / 12.6:
Alkaloids: Naturally Occurring Amines / 12.7:
Structure Determination / 13:
Infrared Spectroscopy and the Electromagnetic Spectrum / 13.1:
Infrared Spectroscopy of Organic Molecules / 13.2:
Ultraviolet Spectroscopy / 13.3:
Interpreting Ultraviolet Spectra: The Effect of Conjugation / 13.4:
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / 13.5:
The Nature of NMR Absorptions / 13.6:
Chemical Shifts / 13.7:
Chemical Shifts in [superscript 1]H NMR Spectra / 13.8:
Integration of [superscript 1]H NMR Spectra: Proton Counting / 13.9:
Spin--Spin Splitting in [superscript 1]H NMR Spectra / 13.10:
Uses of [superscript 1]H NMR Spectra / 13.11:
[superscript 13]C NMR Spectroscopy / 13.12:
Biomolecules: Carbohydrates / 14:
Classification of Carbohydrates / 14.1:
Configurations of Monosaccharides: Fischer Projections / 14.2:
D,L Sugars / 14.3:
Configurations of Aldoses / 14.4:
Cyclic Structures of Monosaccharides: Hemiacetal Formation / 14.5:
Monosaccharide Anomers: Mutarotation / 14.6:
Reactions of Monosaccharides / 14.7:
Polysaccharides / 14.9:
Other Important Carbohydrates / 14.10:
Cell-Surface Carbohydrates and Carbohydrate Vaccines / 14.11:
Biomolecules: Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins / 15:
Structures of Amino Acids / 15.1:
Isoelectric Points / 15.2:
Peptides and Proteins / 15.3:
Covalent Bonding in Peptides / 15.4:
Peptide Structure Determination: Amino Acid Analysis / 15.5:
Peptide Sequencing: The Edman Degradation / 15.6:
Peptide Synthesis / 15.7:
Classification of Proteins / 15.8:
Protein Structure / 15.9:
Enzymes / 15.10:
How Do Enzymes Work? Citrate Synthase / 15.11:
Biomolecules: Lipids and Nucleic Acids / 16:
Lipids / 16.1:
Fats and Oils / 16.2:
Soaps / 16.3:
Phospholipids / 16.4:
Steroids / 16.5:
Nucleic Acids and Nucleotides / 16.6:
Structure of DNA / 16.7:
Base Pairing in DNA: The Watson--Crick Model / 16.8:
Nucleic Acids and Heredity / 16.9:
Replication of DNA / 16.10:
Structure and Synthesis of RNA: Transcription / 16.11:
RNA and Protein Biosynthesis: Translation / 16.12:
Sequencing DNA / 16.13:
The Polymerase Chain Reaction / 16.14:
The Organic Chemistry of Metabolic Pathways / 17:
An Overview of Metabolism and Biochemical Energy / 17.1:
Catabolism of Fats: [beta]-Oxidation Pathway / 17.2:
Catabolism of Carbohydrates: Glycolysis / 17.3:
The Citric Acid Cycle / 17.4:
Catabolism of Proteins: Transamination / 17.5:
The Organic Chemistry of Metabolic Pathways: A Summary / 17.6:
Appendixes
Nomenclature of Polyfunctional Organic Compounds / A:
Glossary / B:
Answers to Selected In-Chapter Problems / C:
Index
Preface
A Note for Students
Structure and Bonding; Acids and Bases / 1:
3.

図書

図書
Reinhard Bruckner
出版情報: San Diego : Hercourt/Academic Press, c2002  xxi, 636 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Advanced organic chemistry series
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Foreword
Preface to the English Edition
Preface to the German Edition
Acknowledgments
Radical Substitution Reactions at the Saturated C Atom / 1:
Bonding and Preferred Geometries in C Radicals, Carbenium Ions and Carbanions / 1.1:
Stability of Radicals / 1.2:
Relative Rates of Analogous Radical Reactions / 1.3:
Radical Substitution Reactions: Chain Reactions / 1.4:
Radical Initiators / 1.5:
Radical Chemistry of Alkylmercury(II) Hydrides / 1.6:
Radical Halogenation of Hydrocarbons / 1.7:
Autoxidations / 1.8:
Defunctionalizations via Radical Substitution Reactions / 1.9:
References
Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions at the Saturated C Atom / 2:
Nucleophiles and Electrophiles; Leaving Groups / 2.1:
Good and Poor Nucleophiles / 2.2:
Leaving Groups and the Quality of Leaving Groups / 2.3:
S[subscript N]2 Reactions: Kinetic and Stereochemical Analysis--Substituent Effects on Reactivity / 2.4:
S[subscript N]1 Reactions: Kinetic and Stereochemical Analysis; Substituent Effects on Reactivity / 2.5:
When Do S[subscript N] Reactions at Saturated C Atoms Take Place According to the S[subscript N]1 Mechanism and When Do They Take Place According to the S[subscript N]2 Mechanism? / 2.6:
Unimolecular S[subscript N] Reactions That Do Not Take Place via Simple Carbenium Ion Intermediates: Neighboring Group Participation / 2.7:
Preparatively Useful S[subscript N]2 Reactions: Alkylations / 2.8:
Additions to the Olefinic C=C Double Bond / 3:
The Concept of cis and trans Addition / 3.1:
Vocabulary of Stereochemistry and Stereoselective Synthesis I / 3.2:
Additions That Take Place Diastereoselectivity as cis Additions / 3.3:
Enantioselective cis Additions to C=C Double Bonds / 3.4:
Additions That Take Place Diastereoselectively as trans Additions (Additions via Onium Intermediates) / 3.5:
Additions That Take Place or Can Take Place without Stereocontrol Depending on the Mechanism / 3.6:
[beta]-Eliminations / 4:
Concepts of Elimination Reactions / 4.1:
[beta]-Eliminations of H/Het via Cyclic Transition States / 4.2:
[beta]-Eliminations of H/Het via Acyclic Transition States: The Mechanistic Alternatives / 4.3:
E2 Eliminations of H/Het and the E2/S[subscript N]2 Competition / 4.4:
E1 Elimination of H/Het from R[subscript tert]--X and the E1/S[subscript N]1 Competition / 4.5:
E1[subscript cb] Eliminations / 4.6:
[beta]-Eliminations of Het[superscript 1]/Het[superscript 2] / 4.7:
Substitution Reactions on Aromatic Compounds / 5:
Electrophilic Aromatic Substitutions via Wheland Complexes ("Ar-S[subscript E] Reactions") / 5.1:
Ar-S[subscript E] Reactions via Wheland Complexes: Individual Reactions / 5.2:
Electrophilic Substitution Reactions on Metallated Aromatic Compounds / 5.3:
Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions in Aryldiazonium Salts / 5.4:
Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions via Meisenheimer Complexes / 5.5:
Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution via Arynes, cine Substitution / 5.6:
Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions on the Carboxyl Carbon (Except through Enolates) / 6:
C=O-Containing Substrates and Their Reactions with Nucleophiles / 6.1:
Mechanisms, Rate Laws, and Rate of Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions at the Carboxyl Carbon / 6.2:
Activation of Carboxylic Acids and of Carboxylic Acid Derivatives / 6.3:
Selected S[subscript N] Reactions of Heteroatom Nucleophiles on the Carboxyl Carbon / 6.4:
S[subscript N] Reactions of Hydride Donors, Organometallics, and Heteroatom-Stabilized "Carbanions" on the Carboxyl Carbon / 6.5:
Additions of Heteroatom Nucleophiles to Heterocumulenes. Additions of Heteroatom Nucleophiles to Carbonyl Compounds and Follow-up Reactions / 7:
Additions of Heteroatom Nucleophiles to Heterocumulenes / 7.1:
Additions of Heteroatom Nucleophiles to Carbonyl Compounds / 7.2:
Addition of Heteroatom Nucleophiles to Carbonyl Compounds in Combination with Subsequent S[subscript N]1 Reactions: Acetalizations / 7.3:
Addition of Nitrogen Nucleophiles to Carbonyl Compounds in Combination with Subsequent E1 Eliminations: Condensation Reactions of Nitrogen Nucleophiles with Carbonyl Compounds / 7.4:
Addition of Hydride Donors and Organometallic Compounds to Carbonyl Compounds / 8:
Suitable Hydride Donors and Organometallic Compounds and a Survey of the Structure of Organometallic Compounds / 8.1:
Chemoselectivity of the Addition of Hydride Donors to Carbonyl Compounds / 8.2:
Diastereoselectivity of the Addition of Hydride Donors to Carbonyl Compounds / 8.3:
Enantioselective Addition of Hydride Donors to Carbonyl Compounds / 8.4:
Addition of Organometallic Compounds to Carbonyl Compounds / 8.5:
1,4-Additions of Organometallic Compounds to [alpha],[beta]-Unsaturated Ketones / 8.6:
Reaction of Ylides with Saturated or [alpha],[beta]-Unsaturated Carbonyl Compounds / 9:
Ylides/Ylenes / 9.1:
Reactions of S Ylides with Saturated Carbonyl Compounds or with Michael Acceptors: Three-Membered Ring Formation / 9.2:
Condensation of P Ylides with Carbonyl Compounds: Wittig Reaction / 9.3:
Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons Reaction / 9.4:
Chemistry of the Alkaline Earth Metal Enolates / 10:
Basic Considerations / 10.1:
Alkylation of Quantitatively Prepared Enolates and Aza-Enolates; Chain-Elongating Syntheses of Carbonyl Compounds and Carboxylic Acid Derivatives / 10.2:
Hydroxyalkylation of Enolates with Carbonyl Compounds ("Aldol Addition"): Synthesis of [beta]-Hydroxyketones and [beta]-Hydroxyesters / 10.3:
Condensation of Enolates with Carbonyl Compounds: Synthesis of Michael Acceptors / 10.4:
Acylation of Enolates / 10.5:
Michael Additions of Enolates / 10.6:
Rearrangements / 11:
Nomenclature of Sigmatropic Shifts / 11.1:
Molecular Origins for the Occurrence of [1,2]-Rearrangements / 11.2:
[1,2]-Rearrangements in Species with a Valence Electron Sextet / 11.3:
[1,2]-Rearrangements without the Occurrence of a Sextet Intermediate / 11.4:
Claisen Rearrangement / 11.5:
Thermal Cycloadditions / 12:
Driving Force and Feasibility of One-Step [2 + 4]- and [2 + 2]-Cycloadditions / 12.1:
Transition State Structures of Selected One-Step [2 + 4]- and [2 + 2]-Cycloadditions / 12.2:
Diels-Alder Reactions / 12.3:
[2 + 2]-Cycloadditions with Dichloroketene / 12.4:
1,3-Dipolar Cycloadditions / 12.5:
Transition Metal-Mediated Alkenylations, Arylations, and Alkynylations / 13:
Alkenylation and Arylation of Copper-Bound Organyl Groups / 13.1:
Alkenylation and Arylation of Grignard Compounds / 13.2:
Palladium-Catalyzed Alkenylation and Arylation of Organometallic Compounds / 13.3:
Alkynylation of Copper Acetylides / 13.4:
Heck Reactions / 13.5:
Oxidations and Reductions / 14:
Oxidation States of Organic Chemical Compounds, Oxidation Numbers in Organic Chemical Compounds, and Organic Chemical Redox Reactions / 14.1:
Cross-References to Redox Reactions Already Discussed in Chapters 1-13 / 14.2:
Oxidations / 14.3:
Reductions / 14.4:
Index
Foreword
Preface to the English Edition
Preface to the German Edition
4.

図書

図書
出版情報: Stuttgart ; New York : Thieme, 1987  612 p. ; 26 cm
シリーズ名: Methoden der organischen Chemie (Houben-Weyl) / Herausgeber, K.H. Büchel ... [et al.]
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図書

図書
bearbeitet von H. Blome ... [et al.]
出版情報: Stuttgart : Thieme, 1975-1981  2 v. ; 26 cm
シリーズ名: Methoden der organischen Chemie (Houben-Weyl) / Herausgeber, K.H. Büchel ... [et al.] ; Bd. 4, 1a, 1b
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6.

図書

図書
bearbeitet von J. Aretz ... [et al.]
出版情報: Stuttgart : Thieme, 1975  2 v. (lv, 1673, 143 p.) ; 26 cm
シリーズ名: Methoden der organischen Chemie (Houben-Weyl) / Herausgeber, K.H. Büchel ... [et al.] ; Bd. 4, 5a, 5b
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図書

図書
editor, Robert W. Taft
出版情報: New York : J. Wiley, c19-  v. ; 24 cm
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Hammett Memorial Lecture / J. Shorter
Thermodynamics of Molecular Species / E. Grunwald
Reaction Coordinates and Structure-Energy Relationships
Theoretical Studies of the Effects of Hydration on Organic Equilibria / R. Topsom
Y x Scales of Solvent Ionizing Power / T. Bentley ; G. Llewellyn
Correlation Analysis of Acidity and Basicity: From the Solution to the Gas Phase / J-F Gal ; P-C Maria
Correlation Analysis in Organic Crystal Chemistry / T. Krygowski
Author Index
Subject Index
Cumulative Index, Volumes 1 to 17
Hammett Memorial Lecture / J. Shorter
Thermodynamics of Molecular Species / E. Grunwald
Reaction Coordinates and Structure-Energy Relationships
8.

図書

図書
herausgegeben von Herbert Bartl und Jürgen Falbe
出版情報: Stuttgart ; New York : Georg Thieme Verlag, 1987  3 v. (lxxviii, 2958 p.) ; 26 cm
シリーズ名: Methoden der organischen Chemie (Houben-Weyl) / Herausgeber, K.H. Büchel ... [et al.] ; Bd. E20
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図書

図書
bearbeitet von Jutta Backes
出版情報: Stuttgart ; New York : Thieme, 1987  ccxxix, 805 p. ; 26 cm
シリーズ名: Methoden der organischen Chemie (Houben-Weyl) / Herausgeber, K.H. Büchel ... [et al.] ; Bd. 16/2 . Register der Stoffklassen ; T. a
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図書

図書
bearbeitet von Jutta Backes
出版情報: Stuttgart ; New York : Thieme, 1987  xvii, 1198 p. ; 26 cm
シリーズ名: Methoden der organischen Chemie (Houben-Weyl) / Herausgeber, K.H. Büchel ... [et al.] ; Bd. 16/2 . Register der Stoffklassen ; T. b
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