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1.

図書

図書
Maan H. Jawad, James R. Farr
出版情報: Hoboken, N.J. : Wiley, c2019  xxi, 457 p. ; 29 cm
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2.

図書

図書
Somenath Mitra, Pradyot Patnaik, Barbara B. Kebbekus
出版情報: Boca Raton : CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, c2019  xxi, 427 p. ; 23 cm
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3.

図書

図書
Dharmendra K. Gupta, Anna Voronina, editors
出版情報: Cham : Springer, c2019  xix, 324 p. ; 24 cm
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4.

図書

図書
edited by Qi-Long Yan ... [et al.]
出版情報: Amsterdam : Elsevier, c2019  xxi, 569 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Micro & nano technologies
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5.

図書

図書
Renita Coleman
出版情報: Thousand Oaks, Calif. : SAGE Publications, c2019  xxi, 383 p. ; 24 cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Author
Discovering Cause and Effect / 1:
Causation
Experiments Compared to Other Methods
Basic Criteria for Experiments
Elements of Experiments
Variation
Confounds
Control Groups
Assignment
Starting a Study of Your Own
Writing a Statement of the Problem
Answering the "So What" Question
Ethics and Famous Experiments in History / 2:
The Scurvy Studies
The Contributions of Charles Peirce
Ronald Fisher's Plots and Tea
B. F. Skinner: Small Samples, High Tech
Stanley Milgram Shocks the World
Philip Zimbardo: Raising Consciences in a Stanford Basement
Conclusion
Theory, Literature, and Hypotheses / 3:
The Literature Review
Tips on Writing the Literature Review for Experiments
It Is Not a Book Report
Do Not Be Wikipedia
Make a Theoretical Contribution
Connect the Dots
Conceptual Definitions vs. Operationalizations
Literature Reviews With Multiple Experiments
Hypotheses and Research Questions
Hypothesis Basics
Null vs. Alternative
Difference vs. Direction
Hypothesis Writing Formula
Hypotheses With More Than One IV
Research Questions
Types of Experiments / 4:
Campbell and Stanley's Typology of Experiments
Three Pre-Experimental Designs
The One-Shot Case Study
One Group Pretest-Posttest Design
Static Group Comparison
Three True Experimental Designs
Pretest-Posttest Control Group
Solomon Four-Group Design
Posttest-Only Control Group Design
Quasi Experiments
Natural Experiments
Field Experiments
Internal and External Validity / 5:
Ecological and External Validity
Generalizability
Random Sampling
Two-Step Randomization
Nonresponse Bias
Representativeness
Cause and Effect
Logical Inference
Replication
Self-Replication
Exact vs. Conceptual Replication
Multiple Experiments
External Replication
Triangulation
Internal Validity
Three Basic Criteria
Random Assignment
History
Maturation
Testing
Instrumentation
Statistical Regression
Selection
Attrition
Factorial Designs / 6:
Single-Factor Designs
Main Effects and Interactions
Factorial Notation
Design Tables
Choosing a Design
How Subjects Are Used in Designs
Between-Subjects Designs
Within-Subjects Designs
Mixed Factorial Designs
Incomplete Factorials
The No-Treatment Control Group
Creativity in Control Groups
The Status Quo Control Group
No Control Group
The Purpose of Random Assignment / 7:
Avoiding Confounds
What Is Random?
Operationalizing Random Assignment
Computerized Randomization
Survey Experiments
In-Person Randomizing
Reporting Random Assignment
Balanced and Unbalanced Designs
Checking That Random Assignment Was Effective
Aggregate Level Random Assignment
Reporting Random Assignment Results
When Random Assignment Fails
Blocking, Matching, and Other Strategies
Blocking vs. Simple Random Assignment
Stratified Random Assignment
Random Assignment of Other Things
Counterbalancing
Latin Squares
Random Assignment Resistance
Sampling and Effect Sizes / 8:
Student Samples
Higher Than Average Cognitive Skills
Compliance With Authority
Weaker Sense of Self
Myriad Other Differences
Homogeneity
Basic Psychological Processes
Guarding Against Bias With Students
Amazon's Mechanical Turk
Is MTurk Representative?
Advantages and Drawbacks
Other Subject Sources
Recruiting
Incentives
Sample Size and Power
Effect Sizes
Power Analyses
Observed Power
Stimuli and Manipulation Checks / 9:
Examples of Stimuli
Advice on Creating Stimuli
Keep It Real
Control as Much as Possible
Vary Only the Things Being Studied
Maximize Comparisons
Employ Message Variance
How Many Stimuli to Create?
Fixed vs. Random Factors
Manipulation Checks
Manipulation Check, Pretest, or Pilot Study?
Direct vs. Indirect Manipulations
Mediators and Psychological States
Manipulation Checks in Survey Experiments
Practical Issues
Reporting the Stimuli and Manipulation Checks
Stimuli Write-Up
Manipulation Check Write-Up
Instruments and Measures / 10:
Instruments
Questionnaires
Single Items vs. Indexes
Pros and Cons
Unobtrusive and Nonreactive Measures
Technological Instruments
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Heart Rate
Skin Conductance
Other Physiological instruments
Eye Tracking
Eyes on Screen
Web Tracking
Latency Response
Secondary Reaction Tasks
Continuous Response instruments
Thought Listing and Think Aloud
Observations
Interobserver Reliability
Other Unobtrusive Instruments
Unobtrusive Questions
Measurement Issues
Levels of Measure
Response Choices
Ceiling and Floor Effects
Construct Validity
The Institutional Review Board and Conducting Ethical Experiments / 11:
Institutional Review Boards
Ethical Issues in Experiments
Deception
Harm
Abuse of Power
Protecting Subjects
Informed Consent
Privacy and Confidentiality
Researcher Issues
Data Ethics
Plagiarism and Self-Plagiarism
Authorship Issues
Pitot Studies
Glossary
Index
Preface
Acknowledgments
About the Author
6.

図書

図書
Chung Fang
出版情報: Cham : Springer, c2019  xix, 643 p. ; 25 cm
シリーズ名: Springer textbooks in earth sciences, geography and environment
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7.

図書

図書
Paul Murrell
出版情報: Boca Raton : CRC Press, c2019  xvii, 423 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: The R series
A Chapman & Hall book
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface
An Introduction to R Graphics / 1:
R graphics examples / 1.1:
Standard plots / 1.1.1:
Trellis plots / 1.1.2:
The grammar of graphics / 1.1.3:
Specialized plots / 1.1.4:
General graphical scenes / 1.1.5:
The organization of R graphics / 1.2:
Base graphics versus grid graphics / 1.2.1:
Base Graphics / I:
Simple Usage of Base Graphics / 2:
The base graphics model / 2.1:
The plot() function / 2.2:
Plots of a single variable / 2.3:
Plots of two variables / 2.4:
Plots of many variables / 2.5:
Arguments to graphics functions / 2.6:
Standard arguments to graphics functions / 2.6.1:
Customizing Base Graphics / 2.7:
The base graphics model in more detail / 3.1:
Plotting regions / 3.1.1:
The base graphics state / 3.1.2:
Controlling the appearance of plots / 3.2:
Colors / 3.2.1:
Lines / 3.2.2:
Text / 3.2.3:
Data symbols / 3.2.4:
Axes / 3.2.5:
Clipping / 3.2.6:
Moving to a new plot / 3.2.8:
Arranging multiple plots / 3.3:
Using the base graphics state / 3.3.1:
Layouts / 3.3.2:
The split-screen approach / 3.3.3:
Annotating plots / 3.4:
Annotating the plot region / 3.4.1:
Annotating the margins / 3.4.2:
Legends / 3.4.3:
Coordinate systems / 3.4.4:
Special cases / 3.4.6:
Creating new plots / 3.5:
A simple plot from scratch / 3.5.1:
A more complex plot from scratch / 3.5.2:
Writing base graphics functions / 3.5.3:
Interactive graphics / 3.6:
Grid Graphics / II:
Trellis Graphics: The lattice Package / 4:
The lattice graphics model / 4.1:
Why another graphics system? / 4.1.1:
Lattice plot types / 4.2:
The formula argument and multipanel conditioning / 4.3:
The group argument and legends / 4.4:
The layout argument and arranging plots / 4.5:
The scales argument and labeling axes / 4.6:
The panel argument and annotating plots / 4.7:
Adding output to a lattice plot / 4.7.1:
Par. settings and graphical parameters / 4.8:
The Grammar of Graphics: The ggplot2 Package / 5:
Quick plots / 5.1:
The ggplot2 graphics model / 5.2:
Data / 5.2.1:
Geoms and aesthetics / 5.4:
Scales / 5.5:
Statistical transformations / 5.6:
The group aesthetic / 5.7:
Position adjustments / 5.8:
Coordinate transformations / 5.9:
Facets / 5.10:
Themes / 5.11:
Annotating / 5.12:
Extending ggplot2 / 5.13:
The grid Graphics Model / 6:
A brief overview of grid graphics / 6.1:
A simple example / 6.1.1:
Graphical primitives / 6.2:
Graphical utilities / 6.2.1:
Standard arguments / 6.2.2:
Conversion functions / 6.2.3:
Complex units / 6.3.2:
Controlling the appearance of output / 6.4:
Specifying graphical parameter settings / 6.4.1:
Vectorized graphical parameter settings / 6.4.2:
Viewports / 6.5:
Pushing, popping, and navigating between viewports / 6.5.1:
Clipping to viewports / 6.5.2:
Viewport lists, stacks, and trees / 6.5.3:
Viewports as arguments to graphical primitives / 6.5.4:
Graphical parameter settings in viewports / 6.5.5:
Missing values and non-finite values / 6.5.6:
Customizing lattice plots / 6.7:
Adding grid output to lattice output / 6.8.1:
Adding lattice output to grid output / 6.8.2:
Customizing ggplot2 output / 6.9:
Adding grid output to ggplot2 output / 6.9.1:
Adding ggplot2 output to grid output / 6.9.2:
The grid Graphics Object Model / 7:
Working with graphical output / 7.1:
Listing graphical objects / 7.2:
Selecting graphical objects / 7.3:
Grab lists, trees, and paths / 7.4:
Graphical parameter settings in gTrees / 7.4.1:
Searching for grobs / 7.5:
Editing graphical context / 7.6:
Forcing graphical objects / 7.7:
Working with graphical objects off-screen / 7.8:
Reordering graphical objects / 7.9:
Capturing output / 7.10:
Querying grobs / 7.11:
Calculating the sizes of grobs / 7.11.1:
Calculating the positions of grobs / 7.11.2:
Placing and packing grobs in frames / 7.12:
Placing and packing off-screen / 7.12.1:
Display lists / 7.13:
Working with lattice grobs / 7.14:
Working with ggplot2 grobs / 7.15:
Developing New Graphical Functions and Objects / 8:
An example / 8.1:
Graphical functions / 8.2:
Modularity / 8.2.1:
Embeddable output / 8.2.2:
Editable output / 8.2.3:
Annotatable output / 8.2.4:
Graphical objects / 8.3:
Defining a static grob / 8.3.1:
Editable grobs / 8.3.2:
Defining a static grob with drawing context / 8.3.3:
Defining a dynamic grob / 8.3.4:
Forcing grobs / 8.3.5:
Reverting grobs / 8.3.6:
Defining a dynamic grob with drawing context / 8.3.7:
Querying graphical objects / 8.3.8:
Summary of graphical object methods / 8.3.9:
Calculations during drawing / 8.3.10:
Avoiding argument explosion / 8.3.11:
Mixing graphical functions and graphical objects / 8.4:
Debugging grid / 8.5:
The Graphics Engine / III:
Graphics Formats / 9:
Graphics devices / 9.1:
Graphical output formats / 9.2:
Vector formats / 9.2.1:
Raster formats / 9.2.2:
R Studio / 9.2.3:
Including R graphics in other documents / 9.3:
Latex / 9.3.1:
"Productivity" software / 9.3.2:
Web pages / 9.3.3:
Device-specific features / 9.4:
Multiple pages of output / 9.5:
Extension packages / 9.6:
Graphical Parameters / 10:
Semitransparent colors / 10.1:
Converting colors / 10.1.2:
Color sets / 10.1.3:
Device dependency of color specifications / 10.1.4:
Line styles / 10.2:
Line widths / 10.2.1:
Line types / 10.2.2:
Line ends and joins / 10.2.3:
Fonts / 10.3:
Font family / 10.4.1:
Font face / 10.4.2:
Multi-line text / 10.4.3:
Locales / 10.4.4:
Escape sequences / 10.4.5:
Anti-aliasing / 10.4.6:
Mathematical formulae / 10.5:
Integrating Graphics Systems / IV:
Importing Graphics / 11:
The Moon and the tides / 11.1:
Importing raster graphics / 11.2:
Importing vector graphics / 11.3:
The grImport package / 11.3.1:
The grImport2 package / 11.3.2:
Combining Graphics Systems / 12:
The gridBase package / 12.1:
Annotating base graphics using grid / 12.1.1:
Base graphics in grid viewports / 12.1.2:
Problems and limitations of gridBase / 12.1.3:
The gridGraphics package / 12.2:
Editing base graphics using grid / 12.2.1:
Problems and limitations of gridGraphics / 12.2.2:
Advanced Graphics / 13:
Exporting SVG / 13.1:
SVG advanced features / 13.2:
Gradient fills / 13.2.1:
Pattern fills / 13.2.2:
Filters / 13.2.3:
Clipping paths / 13.2.4:
Masks / 13.2.5:
SVG drawing context / 13.3:
SVG definitions / 13.4:
Drawing off screen / 13.5:
SVG fonts / 13.6:
Exporting base graphics / 13.7:
Exporting to other formats / 13.8:
Exporting imported images / 13.9:
Bibliography
Index
Preface
An Introduction to R Graphics / 1:
R graphics examples / 1.1:
8.

図書

図書
Mat Santamouris
出版情報: New Jersey : World Scientific, c2019  xii, 408 p. ; 24 cm
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9.

図書

図書
Saša V. Raković, William S. Levine editors
出版情報: [S.l.] : Birkhäuser , Cham : Springer, c2019  xxi, 692 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Control engineering / series editor, William S. Levine
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10.

図書

図書
Mohammed Chadli ... [et al.], editors
出版情報: Cham : Springer, c2019  xv, 576 p. ; 25 cm
シリーズ名: Lecture notes in electrical engineering ; v. 522
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