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1.

図書

図書
Committee on Watershed Management, Water Science and Technology Board, Commission on Geosciences, Environment, and Resources, National Research Council
出版情報: Washington, D.C. : National Academy Press, 1999  xiii, 311 p. ; 24 cm
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2.

図書

図書
edited by Li Chenggong, Chen Hongxia, Ma Fukang
出版情報: Beijing, China : International Academic Publishers, c1999  xii, 397 p. ; 27 cm
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3.

図書

図書
Albert Gyr, Wolfgang Kinzelbach, Arkady Tsinober, editors
出版情報: Basel : Birkhauser, c1999  viii, 480 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Trends in mathematics
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4.

図書

図書
edited by G. Ertl, H. Knözinger, J. Weitkamp
出版情報: Weinheim ; Chichester : Wiley-VCH, c1999  xii, 236 p. ; 25 cm
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5.

図書

図書
Harold Linton
出版情報: New York ; London ; Tokyo : McGraw-Hill, c1999  xviii, 267 p. ; 28 cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Foreword
Preface
Introduction
Color Styling for Residential Architecture / Part I:
Concept, Materials, and Context
Historic Interest
Image and Functionality
Identity
Interior Space Colorations / Part II:
Period Color
Color Programming and Visibility
Color Metaphor
Dominance, Subordinance, and Complementaries
Cultural and Public Institutions / Part III:
Color Context and Integration
Institutional Identity
Decoration, Symbol, and Coding
Color Function and Legibility
Icons, Themes, and Images
Retailing/Business Applications / Part IV:
Color Design Proposals
Integration and Separation
Generating Attention
Family of Objects
Sign and Image
Light and Surface
Products and Services
Calculated Color Schemes
Industrial Colorations / Part V:
Desert Light and Industrial Color
Harmonies of Color and Natural Material
Color Coding and Identity
Color Formalism in Urban Design / Part VI:
Environmental Urban Color Planning
Wimpey Hobbs
The Turin Color Plan and the Turin School of Urban Restoration
Environmental Color and Light / Part VII:
Colored Light for Valentino Village
Prisms
Imagery and Color Fusion
Education, Technology, and Research / Part VIII:
Color in Graphic Education
Virtual Space As a Future Color Design Tool
Simulating Real-World Complexity
Full-Scale Experimental Laboratory
Simulation-Aided Architectural Design (SAAD)
Full-Scale Modeling and Other Types of Environmental Simulation
Master of Arts Degree Program in Color Design at the University of Art and Design, Helsinki, Finland
Color Design Research Unit, South Bank University, London
International Association of Color Consultants/Designers
Environmental Color Design at Lawrence Technological University
Color Order Systems and Tools / Appendix A:
Munsell Color: The Universal Language
Color-Eye 7000 Spectrophotometer by GretagMacbeth
SpectraLight II Color Viewing System by GretagMacbeth
The Natural Color System (NCS)
International Color Organizations / Appendix B:
Credits
Bibliography
Index
Foreword
Preface
Introduction
6.

図書

図書
T.H.K. Barron and G.K. White
出版情報: New York : Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 1999  ix, 338 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: The International cryogenics monograph series
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7.

図書

図書
by Charles M. Eastman
出版情報: Boca Raton, Fla. : CRC Press, 1999  411 p.
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8.

図書

図書
Sarah Hosking and Liz Haggard
出版情報: London ; New York : E & FN Spon, 1999  xviii, 193 p. ; 28 cm
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9.

図書

図書
Jack L. Nasar
出版情報: Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1999  xvii, 238 p. ; 24 cm.
シリーズ名: Cambridge series in environment and behavior
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List of illustrations and tables
Introduction
Background / Part I:
The Wexner Center competition / 1:
What do we know about architectural competitions? / 2:
Meaning matters / 3:
Evaluations / Part II:
Managing meaning through visual quality programming / 4:
Popular evaluations of the Wexner Center entries / 5:
Popular evaluations of the completed building / 6:
Working in a work of art: a postoccupancy evaluation of the Wexner Center / 7:
Prescriptions / Part III:
Model for running design competitions / 8:
Toward a new democratic architecture / 9:
Appendices
References
Index
List of illustrations and tables
Introduction
Background / Part I:
10.

図書

図書
edited by N. Rama Krishna and Lawrence J. Berliner
出版情報: New York : Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, c1999  xxi, 554 p ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Biological magnetic resonance / edited by Lawrence J. Berliner and Jacques Reuben ; v. 17
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Computational Methods / Section I.:
Aspects of Modeling Biomolecular Structure on the Basis of Spectroscopic or Diffraction Data / Wilfred F. van Gunsteren ; Alexandre M. J. J. Bonvin ; Xavier Daura ; Lorna J. SmithChapter 1:
Introduction / 1.:
The Molecular Modeling Approach / 2.:
Generating Ensembles Consistent with Experimental Data / 3.:
Six Aspects of Structure Determination Based on Experimental Data / 4.:
Choice of Degrees of Freedom r for Generating an Ensemble and for Calculating q(r) / 4.1.:
Choice of Physical Force Field V[superscript phys](r) / 4.2.:
Choice of (Empirical) Function q(r) for Calculating the Quantity q Using r / 4.3.:
Choice of Penalty Function V[superscript qr] ([q(r)][subscript r]; q[superscript obs]) to Restrain [q(r)][subscript r] to q[superscript obs] / 4.4.:
Quality of the Experimental Data q[superscript obs] to Guide the Restraining / 4.5.:
Choice of Method and Extent of Boltzmann Sampling of the Configurational Space / 4.6.:
Assessing the Quality of the Obtained Ensemble of Structures / 5.:
Pitfalls That Can Be Avoided / 6.:
References
Combined Automated Assignment of NMR Spectra and Calculation of Three-Dimensional Protein Structures / Yuan Xu ; Catherine H. Schein ; Werner BraunChapter 2:
Computational Methods for Sequence-Specific Resonance Assignments
Graph Theory / 2.1.:
Genetic Algorithms and Mutual Information Method / 2.2.:
Neural Networks / 2.3.:
Matching Rungs on a Ladder: Automated Sequential Assignment Using Isotopically Labeled Proteins / 2.4.:
Combinatorial Optimization and Monte Carlo Simulated Annealing of Score Functions / 2.5.:
Real-Space Assignment / 2.6.:
Automated Stereospecific Assignments
Concepts / 3.1.:
Tests, Applications, and Assessment / 3.2.:
Combined Automated NOESY Spectra Assignment and 3D Structure Calculation
Molecular Dynamics Calculations with Ambiguous Restraints
Self-Correcting Distance Geometry Method
Future Improvements and Outlook
NMR Pulse Sequences and Computational Approaches for Automated Analysis of Sequence-Specific Backbone Resonance Assignments of Proteins / Gaetano T. Montelione ; Carlos B. Rios ; G. V. T. Swapna ; Diane E. ZimmermanChapter 3:
Systems for Automated Analysis of Resonance Assignments from Triple-Resonance NMR Spectra
Autoassign
The Algorithm
The Philosophy of AUTOASSIGN
Generic Spin System Objects / 3.3.:
Constraint Propagation / 3.4.:
Representative Results / 3.5.:
Practical Considerations in Data Collection and Processing
General Considerations
Peak Picking of NMR Spectra
Validation of Input Files
Experiments for Automated Analysis of Backbone Resonance Assignments
HSQC / 5.1.:
HNCO / 5.2.:
HN(CA)CO / 5.3.:
HNCA / 5.4.:
HACA(CO)NH / 5.5.:
HACANH / 5.6.:
C-C and C-H Phase Information in HACA(CO)NH and HACANH Experiments / 5.7.:
CBCA(CO)NH / 5.8.:
CBCANH / 5.9.:
C-C and C-H Phase Information in CBCA(CO)NH and CBCANH Experiments / 5.10.:
Future Developments
Calculation of Symmetric Oligomer Structures from NMR Data / Sean I. O'Donoghue ; Michael NilgesChapter 4:
Summary
Symmetry in Macromolecular Aggregates
The Problem: Symmetry Degeneracy in NMR Spectra
Reducing Symmetry Degeneracy with Asymmetric Labeling
The Symmetry-ADR Calculation Method
Symmetry Restraint Terms
Ambiguous Distance Restraints (ADRs)
Annealing Protocols
Iterative Structure Calculation and Explicit Assignment of ADRs
Other Restraint Terms
Experiences with the Symmetry-ADR Method
Initial Test Calculations
ssDBP Dimer
Leucine Zipper Homodimers
p53 Tetramerization Domain
Symmetric Oligomers Solved by NMR
Discussion
Problems of the Symmetry-ADR Method / 6.1.:
Should Symmetry Restraint Terms Be Used? / 6.2.:
Alternatives to the Symmetry-ADR Method / 6.3.:
Symbols
Hybrid-Hybrid Matrix Method for 3D NOESY-NOESY Data Refinements / Elliott K. Gozansky ; Varatharasa Thiviyanathan ; Nishantha Illangasekare ; Bruce A. Luxon ; David G. GorensteinChapter 5:
Simulation Studies Describing 3D NOESY-NOESY Cross Peaks, Approximate versus Exact Methods
Hybrid-Hybrid Relaxation Matrix Method for 3D NOESY-NOESY Data Analysis
Theory and Methods: Deconvolution of 2D NOESY Volumes from 3D NOESY-NOESY Volumes
Three-Dimensional Simulation Test and Effect of Added Noise
Hybrid-Hybrid Relaxation Matrix Structural Refinement of Duplex DNA from Simulated 3D NOESY-NOESY Data
Hybrid-Hybrid Matrix: Experimental Refinement Test on a DNA Three-Way Junction
Conclusions
Conformational Ensemble Calculations: Analysis of Protein and Nucleic Acid NMR Data / Anwer Mujeeb ; Nikolai B. Ulyanov ; Todd M. Billeci ; Shauna Farr-Jones ; Thomas L. JamesChapter 6:
Determination of Structural Restraints
Interproton Distance Restraints
Coupling Constants and Torsion-Angle Restraints
Other Types of Restraints
Indices of Agreement
Assessment of Conformational Flexibility
Ensemble Calculations
Overview
Relaxation-Rate-Based Probability Calculations
Experimental Examples
[omega]-Conotoxin MVIIC
Nucleic Acid Example
Complete Relaxation and Conformational Exchange Matrix (CORCEMA) Analysis of NOESY Spectra of Reversibly Forming Ligand-Receptor Complexes / Chapter 7:
Application to Transferred NOESY / N. Rama Krishna ; Hunter N. B. Moseley
Molecular Complexes and Conformational Exchange / 1.1.:
Reversible Binding and Transferred NOESY / 1.2.:
CORCEMA Theory
Basic Formulation
Two-State Model of Ligand-Receptor Interactions
Treatment for More than Two States
Intermolecular Transferred NOESY
Treatment of Nonspecific Binding
Methods
The CORCEMA Program
Calculation of Concentrations
Methods for Suppressing or Identifying Protein-Mediated Effects
Methods for Observing Intermolecular Transferred NOESY Contacts
Structure Refinement Calculations
Characterization of Some Critical Factors Using Simulated Transferred NOESY Data
Finite Receptor Off-Rates
Effect of Ligand-Receptor Ratio on the Ligand Transferred NOESY
Role of Ligand-Protein Intermolecular Dipolar Relaxation
Ligand-Protein Intermolecular NOESY Intensity as a Function of Off-Rate
Effect of Motions in the Protein-Ligand Complex on the Transferred NOESY
Thrombin-Bound Structures of Human Fibrinopeptide Analogs
Studies on Blood Group A Trisaccharide Bound to Dolichos biflorus Lectin
Transferred NOESY Studies on the Forssman Pentasaccharide Complexed to Dolichos biflorus
Interaction of Sialy1 Lewis[superscript x] Tetrasaccharide with E-selectin
Reversible Binding of Corepressor Tryptophan with Repressor-Operator Complex
Final Comments
Structure and Dynamics / Section II.:
Protein Structure and Dynamics from Field-Induced Residual Dipolar Couplings / James H. Prestegard ; Joel R. Tolman ; Hashim M. Al-Hashimi ; Michael AndrecChapter 8:
Theory
Anisotropic Spin Interactions in Solution-State NMR
The Dipolar Hamiltonian
Residual Dipolar Couplings under Magnetic Field Alignment
Early History of Observation
Application to Protein Systems
Measurement of Residual Dipolar Couplings
Frequency-Domain Experiments
Intensity-Based Experiments
Other Contributions to Multiplet Splittings
Effects of Transverse Relaxation
Dynamic Frequency Shifts
Structure Determination Protocols / 7.:
The Effects of Molecular Motion and Their Separation / 8.:
The Cone-and-Arc Model / 8.1.:
Order Matrix Analysis: A Test for Rigid Model Validity / 8.2.:
Recent Developments in Studying the Dynamics of Protein Structures from [superscript 15]N and [superscript 13]C Relaxation Time Measurements / Jan Engelke ; Heinz RuterjansChapter 9:
General Features of Dynamics
Microdynamic Motional Parameters
Theory of Relaxation in Proteins
Experiments for the Determination of Relaxation Rates
Backbone Dynamics Derived from [superscript 15]N Relaxation Rates
Experimental Details
Processing of Spectra and Determination of Relaxation Rates
Calculation of Microdynamical Parameters
Interpretation of Microdynamical Parameters
Backbone Dynamics Derived from [superscript 13]C[superscript alpha] Relaxation Rates
Analysis of the Multispin Relaxation of [superscript 13]C[superscript alpha]
Experiments to Determine the [superscript 13]C[superscript alpha] Relaxation Rates
Microdynamical Parameters Derived from [superscript 13]C[superscript alpha] Relaxation Rates
Side-Chain Dynamics Derived from [superscript 13]C[superscript beta] Relaxation Rates
Dynamical Parameters Derived from T[subscript 1] Relaxation Times and Steady-State NOE
SIIS Cross Relaxation
Determination of Protein Dynamics in the Microsecond Time Window
Determination of Protein Dynamics in the Millisecond Time Window
Concluding Remarks
Multinuclear Relaxation Dispersion Studies of Protein Hydration / Bertil Halle ; Vladimir P. Denisov ; Kandadai VenuChapter 10:
Methodology of Water NMRD
Conventional Field Variation
Fast Field Cycling
NMR Properties of the Water Nuclei
Relaxation Mechanisms
Quadrupolar Relaxation
Dipolar Relaxation
Relaxation due to Isotropic Couplings
Molecular Motions
Spatial Resolution
Temporal Resolution
Water Relaxation in Semisolid Proteins
Quantitative Analysis of NMRD Data
Parametrization of the NMRD Profile
Correlation Time
Dispersion Amplitude
High-Frequency Plateau
NMRD Time Scales
Stretched Dispersions
Labile Hydrogens
Outlook
Hydration Studies of Biological Macromolecules by Intermolecular Water-Solute NOEs / Gottfried OttingChapter 11:
Theoretical Background for Intermolecular NOEs
NOE between Two Rigidly Bound Protons
NOE between Solute Proton and Bound but Locally Reorientating Water
NOE with Rapidly Diffusing Water Molecules
Assignments of Water-Solute Cross Peaks
NMR Experiments for the Detection of Intermolecular NOEs with Water
Water Suppression
Selective Water Excitation
Nonselective Experiments
Dipolar Field Effects
Applications
Studies of Protein Hydration
Studies of DNA and RNA Hydration
Summary of the Results
Residence Times
Structural Relevance
Future Perspectives
Conclusion
Contents of Previous Volumes
Index
Computational Methods / Section I.:
Aspects of Modeling Biomolecular Structure on the Basis of Spectroscopic or Diffraction Data / Wilfred F. van Gunsteren ; Alexandre M. J. J. Bonvin ; Xavier Daura ; Lorna J. SmithChapter 1:
Introduction / 1.:
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