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Jiyuan Tu, Chaoqun Liu, Guan Heng Yeoh
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Butterworth-Heinemann, 2007
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Ioan D. Marinescu, W. Brian Rowe
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , William Andrew Publishing, 2012
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Rajiv Kohli, K. L. Mittal, Kashmiri L. Mittal
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , William Andrew Publishing, 2012
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Preface
About the Editors
Contributors
Surface Contamination Removal Using Dense-Phase Fluids: Liquid and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide / Rajiv KohliChapter 1:
Plasma Cleaning for Electronic, Photonic, Biological, and Archeological Applications / Galit Levitin ; Karen Reinhardt ; Dennis W. HessChapter 2:
Clean Room Wipers for Removal of Surface Contamination / Jay Postlewaite ; Brad Lyon ; Sandeep KalelkarChapter 3:
Impact of Microbial Surface Contamination and Effective Environment Monitoring System in Pharmaceutical Manufacturing / S. Lakshmana Prabu ; T.N.K. Suriyaprakash ; R. ThirumuruganChapter 4:
Neutron Holography as a Technique for Probing Local Atomic Structures on the Nanoscale / László Cser ; Gerhard Krexner ; Márton MarkóChapter 5:
Index
Preface
About the Editors
Contributors
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電子ブック

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Ioan D. Marinescu, W. Brian Rowe
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , William Andrew Publishing, 2012
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Antonio Luque, Steven Hegedus, Antonio Luque
出版情報: Wiley Online Library Online Books , wiley, 2011
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Status, Trends, Challenges and the Bright Future of Solar Electricity from Photovoltaics / S. Hegedus ; A. Luque1:
PV Financial Policy Analysis: Past Present Future / Byrne, Kurdigishvili2:
The Physics of the Solar Cell / J. Gray3:
Theoretical Limits of Photovoltaic Conversion / A. Martí4:
Solar Grade Silicon Feedstock / B. Ceccaroli ; O. Lohne5:
Bulk Crystal Growth and Wafering for PV / W. Koch, et al.6:
Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells and Modules / I. Tobías, et al.7:
High-Efficiency III-V Multijunction Solar Cells / J. Olson, et al.8:
Space Solar Cells and Arrays / S. Bailey ; R. Raffaelle9:
Photovoltaic Concentrators / R. Swanson10:
Thin Silicon Solar Cells / Widenborg, Aberle11:
Amorphous Silicon-based Solar Cells / X. Deng ; E. Schiff12:
Cadmium Telluride Solar Cells / W. Shafarman ; L. Stolt ; B. McCandless ; J. Sites13:
Dye-sensitized Solar Cells / K. Hara ; H. Arakawa15:
Organic PV Cells / Sun-shing ; O'Neill16:
Transparent Conductive Oxides / Delahoy ; Guo17:
Measurement and Characterization of Solar Cells and Modules / K. Emery18:
PV Systems / Hudson ; Townsend ; Razon ; Vallve19:
Electrochemical Storage for Photovoltaics / D. Sauer20:
Power Conditioning for Photovoltaic Power Systems / J. Schmid ; H. Schmidt21:
Energy Collected and Delivered by PV Modules / E. Lorenzo22:
PV in Architecture / T. Reijenga23:
Photovoltaics and Development / J. Huacuz ; L. Gunaratne24:
Status, Trends, Challenges and the Bright Future of Solar Electricity from Photovoltaics / S. Hegedus ; A. Luque1:
PV Financial Policy Analysis: Past Present Future / Byrne, Kurdigishvili2:
The Physics of the Solar Cell / J. Gray3:
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Seyed Mostafa Ghiaasiaan
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2007
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Xun Li
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2009
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Introduction / 1:
Optical models / 2:
Material model I - semiconductor band structures / 3:
Material model II - the optical gain / 4:
Carrier transport and thermal diffusion models / 5:
Solution techniques for optical equations / 6:
Solution techniques for material gain equations / 7:
Solution techniques for carrier transport and thermal diffusion equations / 8:
Numerical analysis of device performance / 9:
Design and modeling examples of semiconductor laser diodes / 10:
Design and modeling examples of other solitary optoelectronic devices / 11:
Design and modeling examples of integrated optoelectronic devices / 12:
Appendices
Introduction / 1:
Optical models / 2:
Material model I - semiconductor band structures / 3:
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David B. Davidson
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2005
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An overview of computational electromagnetics for wireless and RF applications / 1:
The finite-difference time-domain method: a one-dimensional Introduction / 2:
The finite-difference time-domain method in two and three dimensions / 3:
A one-dimensional Introduction to the method of moments: thin-wire modelling / 4:
The application of the Feko and NEC2 codes to thin-wire antenna modelling / 5:
The method of moments for surface modelling / 6:
The method of moments and stratified media: theory / 7:
The method of moments and stratified media: practical applications of a commercial code / 8:
An Introduction to the finite element method / 9:
A selection of more advanced topics on the finite element method / 10:
An overview of computational electromagnetics for wireless and RF applications / 1:
The finite-difference time-domain method: a one-dimensional Introduction / 2:
The finite-difference time-domain method in two and three dimensions / 3:
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Stephen B. Miles, Stephen B. Miles, Sanjay E. Sarma, John R. Williams
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2008
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Preface
List of contributors
Introduction to RFID history and markets / Stephen Miles1:
RFID technology and its applications / Sanjay Sarma2:
RFID tag performance optimization - a chip perspective / Hao Min3:
Resolution and integration of HF and UHF / Marlin H. Mickle ; Leonid Mats ; Peter J. Hawrylak4:
Integrating sensors and actuators into RFID tags / J.T. Cain ; Kang Lee5:
Performance evaluation of WiFi RFID localization technologies / Mohammad Heidari ; Kaveh Pahlavan6:
Modeling supply chain network traffic / John R. Williams ; Abel Sanchez ; Paul Hofmann ; Tao Lin ; Michael Lipton ; Krish Mantripragada7:
Deployment considerations for active RFID systems / Gisele Bennett ; Ralph Herkert8:
RFID in the retail supply chain - issues and opportunities / Bill C. Hardgrave ; Robert Miller9:
Reducing barriers to ID system adoption in the aerospace industry - the aerospace ID technologies programme / Duncan McFarlane ; Alan Thorne ; Mark Harrison ; Victor Prodonoff Jr.10:
The cold chain / J. P. Emond11:
The application of RFID as anticounterfeiting technique - issues & opportunities / Thorsten Staake ; Florian Michahelles ; Elgar Fleisch12:
Closing product information loops with product embedded information devices: RFID technology and applications, models and metrics / Dimitris Kiritsis ; Hong-Bae Jun ; Paul Xirouchakis13:
Moving from RFID to autonomous cooperating logistic processes / Bernd Scholz-Reiter ; Dieter Uckelmann ; Christian Gorldt ; Uwe Hinrichs ; Jan Topi Tervo14:
Conclusions / John Williams15:
Links to RFID technology and applications resources / Appendix:
RFID interface specifications / I:
Test capabilities (in the order of chapters as presented) / II:
Simulation environments / III:
The cold chain J. P. Emond
Appendix: Links to RFID technology and applications resources
Test capabilities (in the order of chapters as presented);
Preface
List of contributors
Introduction to RFID history and markets / Stephen Miles1:
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Isom H. Herron, Michael R. Foster
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2008
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Preface
Acknowledgments
Review of Analytic Function Theory / 1:
Preamble / 1.1:
Fundamentals of Complex Numbers / 1.2:
Analytic Functions / 1.3:
Integration and Cauchy's Theorem / 1.4:
Application to Real Integrals / 1.5:
References
Exercises
Special Functions / 2:
The Gamma Function / 2.1:
Functions Defined by Differential Equations / 2.3:
Integral Representations / 2.4:
Eigenvalue Problems and Eigenfunction Expansions / 3:
Synge's Setup for Rayleigh's Criterion / 3.1:
Sturm-Liouville Problems / 3.3:
Expansions in Eigenfunctions / 3.4:
Worked Examples / 3.5:
Nonstandard Eigenvalue Problems / 3.6:
Fourier-Bessel Series / 3.7:
Continuous versus Discrete Spectra / 3.8:
Green's Functions for Boundary-Value Problems / 4:
Green's Function / 4.1:
Connections with Distributions / 4.3:
First-Order System: Green's Matrices / 4.4:
Generalized Green's Functions / 4.5:
Appendix: Linear Ordinary Differential Equations / 4.6:
Laplace Transform Methods / 5:
The Laplace Transform and Its Inverse / 5.1:
Bilateral Laplace Transform / 5.3:
Fourier Transform Methods / 6:
The Fourier Transform and Its Inverse / 6.1:
Mellin Transforms / 6.3:
Particular Physical Problems / 6.5:
Lee Waves / 7.1:
The Far Momentum Wake / 7.3:
Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability / 7.4:
The Boundary-Layer Signal Problem / 7.5:
Stability of Plane Couette Flow / 7.6:
Generalized Transform Techniques / 7.7:
Asymptotic Expansions of Integrals / 8:
Asymptotic Expansions / 8.1:
Integration by Parts / 8.3:
Laplace-Type Integrals; Watson's Lemma / 8.4:
Generalized Laplace Integrals: Laplace's Method / 8.5:
Method of Steepest Descent / 8.6:
Method of Stationary Phase; Kelvin's Results / 8.7:
Index
Preface
Acknowledgments
Review of Analytic Function Theory / 1:
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Maurice Petyt
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1990
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Formation of the equations of motion / 1:
Element energy functions / 2:
Introduction to the finite element displacement method / 3:
In-plane vibration of plates / 4:
Vibration of solids / 5:
Flexural vibration of plate / 6:
Vibration of stiffened plates and folded plate structures / 7:
Analysis of free vibration / 8:
Forced response I / 9:
Forced response II / 10:
Computer analysis techniques / 11:
Formation of the equations of motion / 1:
Element energy functions / 2:
Introduction to the finite element displacement method / 3:
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Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao, J. Gopalakrishnan, Jagannatha Gopalakrishnan, C. N. R. Rao
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1997
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Preface to second edition
Preface to first edition
Structure of solids û old and new facets / 1:
New and improved methods of characterisation / 2:
Preparative strategies / 3:
Phase transitions / 4:
New light on an old problem û defects and nonstoichiometry / 5:
Structure-property relations / 6:
Fashioning solids for specific purposes û aspects of materials design / 7:
Reactivity of solids. / 8:
Structure of solids - old and new facets
New light on an old problem - defects and nonstoichiometry
Fashioning solids for specific purposes - aspects of materials design
Reactivity of solids
Preface to second edition
Preface to first edition
Structure of solids û old and new facets / 1:
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David J. Lilja, Sachin S. Sapatnekar
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2005
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Preface
Controlling complexity / 1:
Hierarchical design flow / 1.1:
Designing hardware with software / 1.2:
Summary / 1.3:
A Verilogical place to start / 2:
My Veri first description / 2.1:
A more formal introduction to the basics / 2.2:
Behavioral and structural models / 2.3:
Functions and tasks / 2.4:
Further reading / 2.5:
Defining the instruction set architecture / 3:
Instruction set design / 3.1:
Defining the VeSPA instruction set / 3.2:
Specifying the VeSPA ISA / 3.3:
Algorithmic behavioral modeling / 3.4:
Module definition / 4.1:
Instruction and storage element definitions / 4.2:
Fetch-execute loop / 4.3:
Fetch task / 4.4:
Execute task / 4.5:
Condition code tasks / 4.6:
Tracing instruction execution / 4.7:
Building an assembler for VeSPA / 4.8:
Why assembly language? / 5.1:
The assembly process / 5.2:
VASM - the VeSPA assembler / 5.3:
Linking and loading / 5.4:
Pipelining / 5.5:
Instruction partitioning for pipelining / 6.1:
Pipeline performance / 6.2:
Dependences and hazards / 6.3:
Dealing with pipeline hazards / 6.4:
Implementation of the pipelined processor / 6.5:
Pipelining VeSPA / 7.1:
The hazard detection unit / 7.2:
Overview of the pipeline structure / 7.3:
A detailed description of the pipeline stages / 7.4:
Timing considerations / 7.5:
Verification / 7.6:
Component-level test benches / 8.1:
System-level self-testing / 8.2:
Formal verification / 8.3:
The VeSPA instruction set architecture (ISA) / 8.4:
Notational conventions / A.1:
Storage elements / A.2:
The instruction specifications / A.3:
The VASM assembler / B:
Assembler directives / B.1:
Example program / B.3:
Modifying the assembler / B.4:
Index
A verilogical place to start
Preface
Controlling complexity / 1:
Hierarchical design flow / 1.1:
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R. A. Ibrahim
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2005
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Preface
Introduction
Fluid field equations and modal analysis in rigid containers / 1:
Linear forced sloshing / 2:
Viscous damping and sloshing suppression devices / 3:
Weakly nonlinear lateral sloshing / 4:
Equivalent mechanical models / 5:
Parametric sloshing (Faraday's waves) / 6:
Dynamics of liquid sloshing impact / 7:
Linear interaction of liquid sloshing with elastic containers / 8:
Nonlinear interaction under external and parametric excitations / 9:
Interactions with support structures and tuned sloshing absorbers / 10:
Dynamics of rotating fluids / 11:
Microgravity sloshing dynamics / 12:
Bibliography
Index
Preface
Introduction
Fluid field equations and modal analysis in rigid containers / 1:
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Roger C. Reed
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2006
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Foreword / Dr Mike Hicks
Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction / 1:
Background: materials for high-temperature applications / 1.1:
Characteristics of high-temperature materials / 1.1.1:
The superalloys as high-temperature materials / 1.1.2:
Instances of superalloy component failures / 1.1.3:
The requirement: the gas turbine engine / 1.2:
The selection of materials for high-temperature applications / 1.3:
Larson-Miller approach for the ranking of creep performance / 1.3.1:
Historical development of the superalloys / 1.3.2:
Nickel as a high-temperature material: justification / 1.3.3:
Summary / 1.4:
Questions
References
The physical metallurgy of nickel and its alloys / 2:
Composition-microstructure relationships in nickel alloys / 2.1:
The FCC phase / 2.1.1:
The gamma prime phase / 2.1.2:
Other phases in the superalloys / 2.1.3:
Defects in nickel and its alloys / 2.2:
Defects in the gamma (FCC) phase / 2.2.1:
Defects in the gamma prime phase / 2.2.2:
Strengthening effects in nickel alloys / 2.3:
Strengthening by particles of the gamma prime phase / 2.3.1:
Temperature dependence of strengthening in the superalloys / 2.3.2:
The anomalous yielding effect in gamma prime alloys / 2.3.3:
The creep behaviour of nickel alloys / 2.4:
The creep behaviour of nickel / 2.4.1:
Creep strengthening in nickel alloys by solid-solution strengthening / 2.4.2:
Creep strengthening in nickel alloys by precipitation hardening / 2.4.3:
The anisotropic elasticity displayed by nickel / 2.5:
Single-crystal superalloys for blade applications / 3:
Processing of turbine blading by solidification processing / 3.1:
The practice of investment casting: directional solidification / 3.1.1:
Analysis of heat transfer during directional solidification / 3.1.2:
Formation of defects during directional solidification / 3.1.3:
The influence of processing conditions on the scale of the dendritic structure / 3.1.4:
Optimisation of the chemistry of single-crystal superalloys / 3.2:
Guideline 1 / 3.2.1:
Guideline 2 / 3.2.2:
Guideline 3 / 3.2.3:
Guideline 4 / 3.2.4:
Mechanical behaviour of the single-crystal superalloys / 3.3:
Performance in creep / 3.3.1:
Performance in fatigue / 3.3.2:
Turbine blading: design of its size and shape / 3.4:
Estimation of the length of the turbine aerofoils / 3.4.1:
Choice of mean radius for turbine blading / 3.4.2:
Estimation of exit angle from blade cross-section / 3.4.3:
Growth of an isolated dendrite, using hemispherical needle approximation
Superalloys for turbine disc applications / 4:
Processing of the turbine disc alloys / 4.1:
Processing by the cast and wrought route / 4.1.1:
Processing by the powder route / 4.1.2:
Composition, microstructure and properties of turbine disc alloys / 4.2:
Service life estimation for turbine disc applications / 4.2.1:
Stress analysis of a turbine disc of simplified geometry / 4.3.1:
Methods for lifing a turbine disc / 4.3.2:
Non-destructive evaluation of turbine discs / 4.3.3:
Environmental degradation: the role of coatings / 5:
Processes for the deposition of coatings on the superalloys / 5.1:
Electron beam physical vapour deposition / 5.1.1:
Plasma spraying / 5.1.2:
Pack cementation and chemical vapour deposition methods / 5.1.3:
Thermal barrier coatings / 5.2:
Quantification of the insulating effect / 5.2.1:
The choice of ceramic material for a TBC / 5.2.2:
Factors controlling the thermal conductivity of a ceramic coating / 5.2.3:
Overlay coatings / 5.3:
Oxidation behaviour of Ni-based overlay coatings / 5.3.1:
Mechanical properties of superalloys coated with overlay coatings / 5.3.2:
Diffusion coatings / 5.4:
Failure mechanisms in thermal barrier coating systems / 5.5:
Observations of failure mechanisms in TBC systems / 5.5.1:
Lifetime estimation models / 5.5.3:
The role of imperfections near the TGO / 5.5.4:
Summary and future trends / 5.6:
Trends in superalloys for turbine blade applications / 6.1:
Trends in superalloys and processes for turbine disc applications / 6.2:
Concluding remarks / 6.3:
Index
Single crystal superalloys for blade applications
Foreword / Dr Mike Hicks
Preface
Acknowledgements
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Denny D. Tang, Yuan-Jen Lee
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2010
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Preface
Acknowledgments
Basic electromagnetism / 1:
Introduction / 1.1:
Magnetic forces, poles and fields / 1.2:
Magnetic dipoles / 1.3:
Ampere's circuital law / 1.4:
Biot-Savart Law / 1.5:
Magnetic moments / 1.6:
Magnetic dipole energy / 1.7:
Magnetic flux / 1.8:
Magnetic induction / 1.9:
Classical Maxwell equations of electromagnetism / 1.10:
Inductance / 1.11:
Equation tables / 1.12:
Homework
References
Magnetic films / 2:
Origin of magnetization / 2.1:
Russell-Saunders coupling / 2.1.1:
jj coupling / 2.1.2:
Introduction of magnetic materials / 2.2:
Diamagnetism / 2.2.1:
Paramagnetism / 2.2.2:
Ferromagnetism / 2.2.3:
Antiferromagnetism / 2.2.4:
Ferrimagnetism / 2.2.5:
Ferromagnet/antiferromagnet bilayer structure / 2.3:
Intuitive picture in exchange bias / 2.3.1:
Positive exchange bias / 2.3.2:
Theories of exchange bias / 2.3.3:
AFM domain wall model / 2.3.4:
Random field model / 2.3.5:
Interlayer exchange coupling in ferromagnet/metal/ferromagnet multilayer / 2.4:
Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interaction / 2.4.1:
Néel coupling / 2.4.2:
Micromagnetic simulation / 2.5:
Anisotropy energy / 2.5.1:
Exchange energy / 2.5.2:
Magnetostatic energy / 2.5.3:
Zeeman energy / 2.5.4:
Properties of patterned ferromagnetic films / 3:
Edge poles and demagnetizing field / 3.1:
Demagnetizing factor of elliptic-shaped film / 3.2.1:
Edge curling / 3.2.2:
Magnetic domain / 3.3:
Transition region between domains: domain wall / 3.3.1:
Bloch wall and Néel wall / 3.3.2:
C-state, S-state and vortex / 3.3.3:
Magnetization behavior under an external field / 3.4:
Magnetization rotation in a full film / 3.4.1:
Magnetization rotation in a patterned film / 3.4.2:
Magnetization switching / 3.5:
Magnetization rotation and switching under a field in the easy-axis direction / 3.5.1:
Magnetization rotation and switching under two orthogonal applied fields / 3.5.2:
Magnetization behavior of a synthetic antiferromagnetic film stack / 3.6:
Magnetoresistance effects / 4:
Anisotropic magnetoresistance / 4.1:
Giant magnetoresistance / 4.3:
Tunneling magnetoresistance / 4.4:
Giant tunneling magnetoresistance / 4.4.1:
Tunneling magnetoresistance in perpendicular magnetic tunneling junction / 4.4.2:
Field-write mode MRAMs / 5:
Magnetic tunnel junction RAM cell / 5.1:
Cross-point array / 5.2.1:
1T-1MTJ cell / 5.2.2:
Read signal / 5.3:
Sense reference cell / 5.3.1:
Sense amplifier / 5.3.2:
Write bit cell with magnetic field / 5.4:
Write-field conversion efficiency / 5.4.1:
Write-line cladding / 5.4.2:
Astroid-mode MRAM / 5.5:
Switching-energy barrier of Astroid-mode write / 5.5.1:
Write-error rate of a bit cell / 5.5.2:
Write soft error rate of an array of memory cells / 5.5.3:
Solution to the write disturbance problem / 5.5.4:
Toggle-mode MRAM / 5.6:
Toggle-mode cell / 5.6.1:
Switching of SAF free layer in toggle-mode write / 5.6.2:
Energy diagram of toggle operation / 5.6.3:
Write-current reduction / 5.6.4:
Characterization method of MRAM chip write performance / 5.7:
Thermally assisted field write / 5.8:
Multi-transistor cells for high-speed MRAM operation / 5.9:
Spin-torque-transfer mode MRAM / 6:
Spin polarization of free electrons in ferromagnets / 6.1:
Interaction between polarized free electrons and magnetization-macroscopic model / 6.3:
Spin-torque transfer in a multilayer thin-film stack / 6.4:
Spin-transfer torque and switching threshold current density / 6.5:
Switching characteristics and threshold in magnetic tunnel junctions / 6.6:
Regimes of write pulse width / 6.6.1:
Switching probability in the thermal regime / 6.6.2:
Spin-torque-transfer switching under a magnetic field / 6.6.3:
Magnetic back-hopping / 6.6.4:
Reliability of tunnel barriers in MTJs / 6.7:
SPICE model of MTJs and memory cells / 6.8:
Memory cell operation / 6.9:
I-V characteristics of STT memory cell during write / 6.9.1:
Read and write voltage window of STT memory cell / 6.9.2:
Sense signal margin / 6.9.3:
Write-to-breakdown-voltage margin / 6.9.4:
Thermal stability of STT memory chip / 6.10:
Nanocurrent-channel film-stack structure / 6.12:
Double-spin-filter structure / 6.12.2:
Perpendicular MTJ / 6.12.3:
Direct observation of magnetization reversal / 6.13:
Applications of MTJ-based technology / 7:
MRAM market position / 7.1:
MTJ applications in CMOS SoC chips / 7.3:
Embedded memory in logic chips / 7.3.1:
Unbalanced MTJ flip-flop / 7.3.2:
Non-volatile multiplexer / 7.3.3:
MTJ data register / 7.3.4:
System-on-chip power reduction / 7.4:
Runtime reconfigurable electronic system / 7.5:
Unit conversion table for cgs and SI units / Appendix A:
Dimensions of units of magnetism / Appendix B:
Physical constants / Appendix C:
Gaussian distribution and quantile plots / Appendix D:
Weibull distribution / Appendix E:
Time-dependent dielectric breakdown (TDDB) of magnetic tunnel junction devices / Appendix F:
Binomial distribution and Poisson distribution / Appendix G:
Defect density and the breakdown/TMR distribution of MTJ devices / Appendix H:
Fe, Ni and Co material parameters / Appendix I:
Soft error, hard fail and design margin / Appendix J:
Index
Preface
Acknowledgments
Basic electromagnetism / 1:
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Stephen E. Derenzo
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2003
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Preface
Digital tools / 1:
Analog tools / 2:
Analog-digital conversion and sampling / 3:
Sensors and actuators / 4:
Data analysis and control / 5:
Grounding and shielding / Appendix A:
Experimental uncertainties / Appendix B:
C programming hints / Appendix C:
Numerical methods and C functions / Appendix D:
Summary of data translation DT3010 PCI plug-in board / Appendix E:
Using the digital oscilloscope to record waveforms / Appendix F:
Electrical hazards and safety / Appendix G:
Standard resistor and capacitor values / Appendix H:
Ascii character codes / Appendix I:
Glossary / Appendix J:
Index
Preface
Digital tools / 1:
Analog tools / 2:
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Raphael D. Levine
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2005
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Understanding chemical reactions at the molecular level / 1:
Molecular collisions / 2:
Introduction to reactive molecular collisions / 3:
Scattering as a probe of collision dynamics / 4:
Introduction to polyatomic dynamics / 5:
Structural considerations in the calculation of reaction rates / 6:
Photoselective chemistry: access to the transition state region / 7:
Chemistry in real time / 8:
State-changing collisions: molecular energy transfer / 9:
Stereodynamics / 10:
Dynamics in the condensed phase / 11:
Dynamics of gas-surface interactions and reactions / 12:
Understanding chemical reactions at the molecular level / 1:
Molecular collisions / 2:
Introduction to reactive molecular collisions / 3:
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L. B. Freund, S. Suresh, Subra Suresh
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2003
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Christopher Haslett
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2008
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Preface
Acknowledgements
Propagation in free space and the aperture antenna / 1:
Propagation in free space: simplified explanation / 1.1:
The aperture antenna: simplified explanation / 1.2:
Further details and calculations / 1.3:
Point-to-point transmission / 1.4:
Transmitting, directing and capturing power / 1.4.1:
Transmission loss between practical antennas / 1.4.2:
Determining the power required / 1.4.3:
Example calculations / 1.4.4:
Equivalent isotropic radiated power (EIRP) / 1.4.5:
Near-field effects: simplified explanation / 1.5:
Further detail on the near-field issue / 1.5.1:
Polarisation / 1.6:
Summary / 1.7:
Point-to-area transmission / 2:
Overview / 2.1:
Power density and electric field strength / 2.2:
Converting from field strength to received signal power / 2.3:
Predicting the field strength at a distance / 2.4:
The effect of frequency / 2.5:
Prediction methods for digital mobile communication / 2.6:
The Okumura-Hata model / 2.6.1:
Comparison between propagation at 900 MHz and propagation at 1800 MHz / 2.6.2:
Base-station antennas / 2.7:
Sectored antennas / 2.7.1:
Mobile-station antennas / 2.8:
Interference and the noise floor / 2.9:
The effect of obstacles / 2.10:
Knife-edge diffraction / 3.1:
Huygens' principle and the Cornu spiral / 3.1.1:
Clearance requirements / 3.2:
A resume of the assumptions and approximations / 3.3:
Diffraction through an aperture / 3.4:
Reflection from a finite surface / 3.5:
Antenna radiation patterns / 3.6:
The radiation pattern of an aperture antenna / 3.6.1:
Multiple diffracting edges / 3.7:
Comparison of methods / 3.7.1:
Diffraction by practical obstacles / 3.8:
The GTD/UTD / 3.9:
Clearance requirements and Fresnel zones / 3.10:
Reflection, scatter and penetration / 3.11:
Introduction / 4.1:
Standing wave patterns / 4.2:
Determining reflection coefficients / 4.3:
Propagation over a flat plane / 4.4:
Propagation over water / 4.5:
Rayleigh and Rician multipath environments / 4.6:
Reflections from rough surfaces / 4.7:
Penetration of materials / 4.8:
Estimating the received signal strength in complex environments / 4.9:
Aggregating multiple contributions / 5.1:
Atmospheric effects / 6:
Multipath propagation in the atmosphere / 6.1:
Ducting / 6.2:
The k-factor and the standard atmosphere / 6.3:
Anomalous propagation and multipath fading / 6.4:
Diversity techniques / 6.5:
Space diversity / 6.5.1:
Frequency diversity / 6.5.2:
Angle diversity / 6.5.3:
Polarisation diversity / 6.5.4:
Summary of diversity on fixed links / 6.5.5:
Diversity in mobile communications / 6.5.6:
Diffraction fading / 6.6:
Selective fading in long-distance, high-capacity microwave links / 6.7:
Ducting and interference in point-to-area systems / 6.8:
Rain attenuation / 6.9:
Atmospheric absorption / 6.10:
Atmospheric effects and Earth-space links / 6.11:
Noise and temperature effects / 6.12:
Noise calculations on Earth-space systems / 6.12.1:
System design and interference management / 6.13:
Determining the most appropriate frequencies for specific services / 7.1:
System design / 7.2:
Terrestrial point-to-point system design / 7.2.1:
Broadcast systems / 7.2.2:
Earth-space systems / 7.2.3:
In-building systems / 7.2.4:
Software-based tools / 7.3:
Software tools for management of fixed-links networks / 8.1:
Planning tools for public mobile networks / 8.2:
Mitigating against uncertainties / 8.3:
Statistical methods / 8.3.1:
The decibel scale / 8.4:
Phasor arithmetic and phasor diagrams / Appendix 2:
Formula sheet / Appendix 3:
Explanation of the link budget / Appendix 4:
Further reading
References
Recommendations of the Radiocommunication Bureau of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), Geneva
Author's biography
Index
Preface
Acknowledgements
Propagation in free space and the aperture antenna / 1:
21.

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Daniel D. Joseph, Toshio Funada, Jing Wang
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2007
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Yongsheng Lian, Hao Liu, Wei Shyy, Jian Tang, Dragos Viieru
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2007
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Nomenclature
List of Abbreviations
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Flapping Flight in Nature / 1.1:
Unpowered Flight: Gliding and Soaring / 1.1.1:
Powered Flight: Flapping / 1.1.2:
Hovering / 1.1.3:
Forward Flight / 1.1.4:
Scaling / 1.2:
Geometric Similarity / 1.2.1:
Wingspan / 1.2.2:
Wing Area / 1.2.3:
Wing Loading / 1.2.4:
Aspect Ratio / 1.2.5:
Wing-Beat Frequency / 1.2.6:
Power Implication of a Flapping Wing / 1.3:
Upper and Lower Limits / 1.3.1:
Drag and Power / 1.3.2:
Concluding Remarks / 1.4:
Fixed, Rigid-Wing Aerodynamics / 2:
Laminar Separation and Transition to Turbulence / 2.1:
Navier-Stokes Equation and the Transition Model / 2.1.1:
The eN Method / 2.1.2:
Case Study: SD 7003 / 2.1.3:
Factors Influencing Low Reynolds Number Aerodynamics / 2.2:
Re = 103-104 / 2.2.1:
Re = 104-106 / 2.2.2:
Effect of Free-Stream Turbulence / 2.2.3:
Effect of Unsteady Free-Stream / 2.2.4:
Three-Dimensional Wing Aerodynamics / 2.3:
Unsteady Phenomena at High Angles of Attack / 2.3.1:
Aspect Ratio and Tip Vortices / 2.3.2:
Wingtip Effect / 2.3.3:
Unsteady Tip Vortices / 2.3.4:
Flexible-Wing Aerodynamics / 2.4:
General Background of Flexible-Wing Flyers / 3.1:
Flexible-Wing Models / 3.2:
Linear Membrane Model / 3.2.1:
Hyperelastic Membrane Model / 3.2.2:
Combined Fluid-Structural Dynamics Computation / 3.2.3:
Coupled Elastic Structures and Aerodynamics / 3.3:
Flexible Airfoils / 3.3.1:
Membrane-Wing Aerodynamics / 3.3.2:
Flapping-Wing Aerodynamics / 3.4:
Scaling, Kinematics, and Governing Equations / 4.1:
Flapping Motion / 4.1.1:
Reynolds Number / 4.1.2:
Strouhal Number and Reduced Frequency / 4.1.3:
Nonstationary Airfoil Aerodynamics / 4.2:
Dynamic Stall / 4.2.1:
Thrust Generation of a Pitching/Plunging Airfoil / 4.2.2:
Simplified Flapping-Wing Aerodynamics Model / 4.3:
Lift-Enhancement Mechanisms in Flapping Wings / 4.4:
Leading-Edge Vortex / 4.4.1:
Rapid Pitch-Up / 4.4.2:
Wake Capture / 4.4.3:
Clap-and-Fling Mechanism / 4.4.4:
Wing Structural Flexibility / 4.4.5:
Effects of Reynolds Number, Reduced Frequency, and Kinematics on Hovering Aerodynamics / 4.5:
Hovering Kinematics / 4.5.1:
Scaling Effect on Force Generation for Hovering Airfoils / 4.5.2:
Aerodynamics of a Hovering Hawkmoth / 4.6:
Downstroke / 4.6.1:
Supination / 4.6.2:
Upstroke / 4.6.3:
Pronation / 4.6.4:
Evaluation of Aerodynamic Forces / 4.6.5:
Aerodynamic and Inertial Powers of Flapping Wings / 4.6.6:
References / 4.7:
Index
Fixed, rigid wing aerodynamics
Flexible wing aerodynamics
Flapping wing aerodynamics
Nomenclature
List of Abbreviations
Preface
23.

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Richard Anthony Lewis Jones, Richard A. L. Jones, Randal W. Richards, Randal William Richards
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1999
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Preface
Introduction and overview / 1:
The surface of a simple polymer melt / 2:
Experimental techniques / 3:
Polymer/polymer interfaces / 4:
Adsorption and surface aggregation from polymer solutions and mixtures / 5:
Tethered polymer chains in solutions and melts / 6:
Adhesion and the mechanical properties of polymer interfaces at the molecular level / 7:
Polymers spread at air/liquid interfaces / 8:
Index.
Index
Preface
Introduction and overview / 1:
The surface of a simple polymer melt / 2:
24.

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Bernard P. Binks, Bernard P. Binks, Tommy S. Horozov
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge University Press, 2006
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Particles at liquid interfaces - an introduction / B. P. Binks ; T. S. Horozov1:
Structure and formation of particle monolayers at liquid interfaces / L. Bergstrom2:
Theory for interactions between particles in monolayers / J. C. Fernandez-Toledano ; A. Moncho-Jorda ; F. Martinez-Lopez ; R. Hidalgo-Alvarez3:
Particle-assisted wetting / W. A. Goedel4:
Particle-laden interfaces: rheology, coalescence, adhesion and buckling / G. G. Fuller ; E. J. Stancik ; S. Melle5:
Solids-stabilized emulsions: a review / R. J. G. Lopetinksy ; J. H. Masliyah ; Z. Xu6:
Novel materials derived from particles assembled on liquid surfaces / K. P. Velikov ; O. D. Velev7:
Interfacial particles in food emulsions and foams / E. Dickinson8:
Collection and attachment of particles by air bubbles in froth flotation / A. V. Nguyen ; R. J. Pugh ; G. J. Jameson9:
Antifoam effects of solid particles, oil drops and oil-solid compounds in aqueous foams / N. D. Denkov ; K. G. Marinova10:
Metal foams: towards high temperature colloid chemistry / N Babcsan ; J Banhart11:
Particles at liquid interfaces - an Introduction
Particles at liquid interfaces - an introduction / B. P. Binks ; T. S. Horozov1:
Structure and formation of particle monolayers at liquid interfaces / L. Bergstrom2:
Theory for interactions between particles in monolayers / J. C. Fernandez-Toledano ; A. Moncho-Jorda ; F. Martinez-Lopez ; R. Hidalgo-Alvarez3:
25.

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Jinho Choi
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2006
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List of figures
List of tables
Preface
List of symbols
List of abbreviations
Introduction / 1:
Communications in interference-limited environments / 1.1:
Issues in receiver design / 1.2:
Adaptive signal processing / 1.3:
Iterative signal processing / 1.4:
Outline of the book / 1.5:
Limitations of the book / 1.6:
ISI channels and adaptive signal processing / I:
Channel equalization for dispersive channels / 2:
ISI channels and the equalization problem / 2.1:
Linear equalizers / 2.2:
Decision feedback equalizers / 2.3:
Adaptive linear equalizers / 2.4:
Adaptive decision feedback equalizers / 2.5:
Summary and notes / 2.6:
Appendix to Chapter 2: Convergence of the LMS algorithm / 2.7:
Sequence detection with adaptive channel estimation / 3:
MLSD and the Viterbi algorithm / 3.1:
Channel estimation / 3.2:
MLSD with estimated channel / 3.3:
Per-survivor processing with adaptive channel estimation / 3.4:
Estimation and detection for fading multipath channels / 3.5:
Introduction to fading channel modeling / 4.1:
MMSE approach to estimate time-varying channels / 4.2:
Adaptive algorithms to track time-varying channels / 4.3:
Kalman filter for channel tracking / 4.4:
MLSD and PSP with channel tracking for fading channels / 4.5:
Iterative signal processing for ISI channels / 4.6:
Map detection and iterative channel estimation / 5:
Map symbol detection over ISI channels / 5.1:
ML channel estimation and the EM algorithm / 5.2:
Iterative channel estimation with MAP detection / 5.3:
ML data detection via the EM algorithm / 5.4:
Iterative receivers over static ISI channels / 5.5:
A brief overview of information theory / 6.1:
Convolutional codes / 6.2:
Iterative receivers / 6.3:
Exit chart analysis / 6.4:
Iterative receivers under time-varying channel conditions / 6.5:
Detection/decoding for unknown time-varying channels / 7.1:
Iterative receiver based on ExDD-ImC approach / 7.2:
Iterative receiver based on ExC-ImDD approach / 7.3:
Appendix to Chapter 7: Gauss-Seidel iteration / 7.4:
Other interference-limited systems / III:
CDMA systems and multiuser detection / 8:
Overview of cellular systems / 8.1:
Introduction to CDMA systems / 8.2:
Multiuser detection / 8.3:
Adaptive detectors / 8.4:
Iterative CDMA receivers / 8.5:
Structure of iterative receivers / 9.1:
MAP detection in iterative receivers / 9.2:
Approximate MAP detection within iterative receivers / 9.3:
MMSE-SC detection within iterative receivers / 9.4:
Iterative receiver with unknown interferers / 9.5:
Iterative receivers for multiple antenna systems / 9.6:
Space diversity / 10.1:
MIMO detection / 10.2:
Iterative receivers with known channels / 10.3:
Doubly iterative receivers under uncertain conditions / 10.4:
Appendix to Chapter 10: Proof of Eq. (10.71) / 10.5:
Coded OFDM and the iterative receiver / 11:
Introduction to OFDM systems / 11.1:
Coded OFDM / 11.2:
EM-based iterative channel estimation / 11.3:
Appendix to Chapter 11: Derivation of Eq. (11.6) / 11.4:
Review of signal processing and the Z-transform / Appendix 1:
Important properties of matrices and vectors / Appendix 2:
Background for probability and statistics / Appendix 3:
References
Index
ISI Channels and Adaptive Signal Processing / Part I:
Iterative Signal Processing for ISI Channels / Part II:
MAP detection and iterative channel estimation
Other Interference-Limited Systems / Part III:
Coded OFDM and iterative receiver
Appendices
List of figures
List of tables
Preface
26.

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Sung-Piau Lin
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2003
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Notation list
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Uniform inviscid liquid sheets / 2:
Nonuniform inviscid liquid sheets / 3:
Viscous liquid sheets / 4:
Waves on liquid sheets / 5:
Phenomena of jet breakup / 6:
Inviscid jets / 7:
A viscous jet / 8:
Roles played by interfacial shear / 9:
Annular liquid jets / 10:
Nonlinear capillary instability of liquid jets and sheets / 11:
Epilogue / 12:
Appendices
Author index
Subject Index
Notation list
Preface
Introduction / 1:
27.

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Panos Y. Papalambros, Douglass J. Wilde
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000
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Preface
Notation
List of symbols
Optimization models / 1:
Model construction / 2:
Model boundedness / 3:
Interior optima / 4:
Boundary optima / 5:
Parametric and discrete optima / 6:
Local computation / 7:
Principles and practice / 8:
References
Author index
Subject index
Preface
Notation
List of symbols
28.

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Odd Magnus Faltinsen
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2005
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Introduction / 1:
Resistance and propulsion / 2:
Waves / 3:
Wave resistance and wash / 4:
Surface effect ships / 5:
Hydrofoil vessels and foil theory / 6:
Semi-displacement vessels / 7:
Slamming, whipping and springing / 8:
Planing vessels / 9:
Manoeuvring / 10:
Appendix
References
Index
Introduction / 1:
Resistance and propulsion / 2:
Waves / 3:
29.

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Jean-Pierre Antoine, Syed Twareque Ali, Jean Pierre Antoine, Romain Murenzi, Pierre Vandergheynst
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2004
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Prologue
Warm-up: the 1-D continuous wavelet transform / 1:
The 2-D continuous wavelet transform / 2:
Some 2-D wavelets and their performances / 3:
Applications of the 2-D CWT I. Image processing / 4:
Applications of the 2-D CWT II. Physical applications / 5:
Matrix geometry of wavelet analysis I / 6:
Matrix geometry of wavelet analysis II / 7:
Minimal uncertainty and Wigner transformations / 8:
Higher-dimensional wavelets / 9:
Spatio-temporal wavelets and motion estimation / 10:
Beyond wavelets / 11:
Epilogue
Appendix 1
Bibliography
Index
Applications of the 2-D CWT
Image processing / I:
Physical applications / II:
Prologue
Warm-up: the 1-D continuous wavelet transform / 1:
The 2-D continuous wavelet transform / 2:
30.

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Jia-Ming Liu
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2005
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breface
Background / 1:
Optical waveguides / 2:
Optical fibers / 3:
Coupling of waves and modes / 4:
Optical couplers / 5:
Electro-optic devices / 6:
Magneto-optic devices / 7:
Acousto-optic devices / 8:
Nonlinear optical devices / 9:
Lasers and amplifiers / 10:
Semiconductor basics / 11:
Semiconductor lasers and light-emitting diodes / 12:
Photodetectors / 13:
Index
breface
Background / 1:
Optical waveguides / 2:
31.

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Paul Wolfgang Gross, Paul W. Gross, P. Robert Kotiuga, Peter Robert Kotiuga
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2004
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From vector calculus to algebraic topology / 1:
Quasistatic electromagnetic fields / 2:
Duality theorems for manifolds with boundary / 3:
The finite element method and data structures / 4:
Computing eddy currents on thin conductors with scalar potentials / 5:
An algorithm to make cuts for magnetic scalar potentials / 6:
A paradigm problem / 7:
From vector calculus to algebraic topology / 1:
Quasistatic electromagnetic fields / 2:
Duality theorems for manifolds with boundary / 3:
32.

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Laszlo Peter Kollar, László P. Kollár, George S. Springer
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2003
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Preface
List of symbols
Introduction / 1:
Displacements, strains, stresses / 2:
Laminated composites / 3:
Thin plates / 4:
Sandwich plates / 5:
Beams / 6:
Beams with shear deformation / 7:
Shells / 8:
Finite element analysis / 9:
Failure criteria / 10:
Micromechanics / 11:
Cross-sectional properties of thin-walled composite beams / Appendix A:
Buckling loads and natural frequencies of orthotropic beams with shear deformation / Appendix B:
Typical material properties / Appendix C:
Index
Preface
List of symbols
Introduction / 1:
33.

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Daniel Moshe Kaplan, Daniel M. Kaplan, Christopher G. White, Christopher Gerard White
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2003
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Introduction
Equipment familiarization: multimeter, breadboard, and oscilloscope / 1:
RC circuits / 2:
Diodes / 3:
Bipolar transistors / 4:
Transistors II: FETs / 5:
Transistors III: differential amplifier / 6:
Introduction to operational amplifiers / 7:
More op amp applications / 8:
Comparators and oscillators / 9:
Combinational logic / 10:
Flip flops: saving a logic state / 11:
Monostables, counters, multiplexers, and RAM / 12:
Digital/analog conversion / 13:
Index
Introduction
Equipment familiarization: multimeter, breadboard, and oscilloscope / 1:
RC circuits / 2:
34.

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Faydor L. Litvin, Alfonso Fuentes
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2004
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Coordinate transformation / 1:
Relative velocity / 2:
Centrodes, axodes, operating pitch surfaces / 3:
Planar curves / 4:
Surfaces / 5:
Conjugated surfaces and curves / 6:
Curvatures of surfaces and curves / 7:
Mating surfaces: curvature relations, contact ellipse / 8:
Computerized simulation of meshing and contact / 9:
Spur involute gears / 10:
Internal involute gears / 11:
Noncircular gears / 12:
Cycloidal gearing / 13:
Involute helical gears with parallel axes / 14:
Modified involute gears / 15:
Involute helical gears with crossed axes / 16:
New version of Novikov-Wildhaber helical gears / 17:
Face-gear drives / 18:
Worm-gear drives with cylindrical worms / 19:
Double-enveloping worm-gear drives / 20:
Spiral bevel gears / 21:
Hypoid gear drives / 22:
Planetary gear trains / 23:
Generation of helicoids / 24:
Design of flyblades / 25:
Generation of surfaces by CNC machines / 26:
Overwire (Ball) measurement / 27:
Minimization of deviations of gear real tooth surfaces / 28:
Coordinate transformation / 1:
Relative velocity / 2:
Centrodes, axodes, operating pitch surfaces / 3:
35.

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Asterios Gavriilidis, Massimo Morbidelli, Arvind Varma
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2001
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Introduction / 1:
Optimization of catalyst distribution in a single pellet / 2:
Optimization of catalyst distribution in a reactor / 3:
Studies involving catalyst deactivation / 4:
Membrane reactors / 5:
Special topics of commercial importance / 6:
Preparation of pellets with nonuniform distribution of catalyst / 7:
Notation
References
Tables
Captions for figures
Appendices
Introduction / 1:
Optimization of catalyst distribution in a single pellet / 2:
Optimization of catalyst distribution in a reactor / 3:
36.

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Earl McCune
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2010
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Preface
Glossary and abbreviations
Terms and conventions
Table of contents
Keying, states, and block diagram construction / 1:
Common issues and signal characterization / 2:
Important details on results from Shannon, Nyquist, and others / 3:
Digital amplitude modulation: ASK / 4:
Digital frequency modulation: FSK / 5:
Digital phase modulation: PSK / 6:
Combined digital modulations / 7:
Spread spectrum / 8:
Wireless propagation and antenna fundamentals / 9:
Principles of coding / 10:
Multiple access techniques / 11:
Signal trade-offs and system evolution / 12:
Phasor review / Appendix A:
Decibels (dB) really are simple / Appendix B:
Analog modulation basics / Appendix C:
Quadrature modulation and demodulation principles / Appendix D:
Polar modulation and demodulation principles / Appendix E:
Derivative-zeroed pulse family / Appendix F:
Selected DWC standards and their modulations / Appendix G:
Preface
Glossary and abbreviations
Terms and conventions
37.

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Marcel Lesieur, P. Comte, Pierre Comte, M. Lesieur, Olivier Mâetais, Olivier Mâetais, O. Métais, O. Métais
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2005
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Michael J. T. Smith
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1989
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Preface
Ackknowledgments
Human reaction to aircraft noise / 1:
Action against aircraft noise / 2:
Aircraft noise sources / 3:
Power-plant noise control / 4:
Concorde - a special case / 5:
Noise data acquisition and presentation / 6:
Aircraft noise prediction / 7:
Prospects for the future / 8:
Review / 9:
Appendices
Noise levels, scales and indices
Abbreviations and acronyms
Useful addresses: partial listing of organisations concerned with noise in aerospace-manufacturing nations
Calculation of effective perceived noise-level data from measured noise data: excerpts from ICAO Annex 16
Calculation of aircraft noise contours around airports
Typical aircraft noise levels
References
Index
Preface
Ackknowledgments
Human reaction to aircraft noise / 1:
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David L. Birdsall, W. Austyn Mair
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1992
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Preface
Introduction
Aerodynamic foundations
Basic flight theory
Drag equations
Climbing performance
Power plants
Take-off and landing performance
Fuel consumption, range and endurance
Turning performance
Vectored thrust
Transonic and supersonic flight
Appendices.
Appendices
Preface
Introduction
Aerodynamic foundations
40.

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Rodney Cotterill
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2008
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Prologue
Solo atoms: electrons, nuclei and quanta / 1:
Atomic duets: the chemical bond / 2:
Atoms in concert: states of matter / 3:
Patterns within patterns: perfect crystals / 4:
The inevitable flaw: imperfect crystals / 5:
The great mediator: water / 6:
From mine, quarry and well: minerals / 7:
Almost forever: ceramics / 8:
Monarchs of the cave: metals / 9:
The busy electron: conductors and insulators / 10:
A mysterious harmony: glass / 11:
The organic world: carbon / 12:
Strangeness in proportion: liquid crystals / 13:
Of snakes and ladders: Polymers / 14:
The vital threads: Biopolymers / 15:
The essential bag: the cell / 16:
Mortal coils: the organism / 17:
A place in the sun: the plant / 18:
Mandatory hunter: the animal / 19:
Enchanted loom: the mind / 20:
Prologue
Solo atoms: electrons, nuclei and quanta / 1:
Atomic duets: the chemical bond / 2:
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Eduardo Kausel
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2006
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Preface
Preliminaries / Section I:
Fundamentals / 1:
Notation and table of symbols / 1.1:
Sign convention / 1.2:
Coordinate systems and differential operators / 1.3:
Cartesian coordinates / 1.3.1:
Cylindrical coordinates / 1.3.2:
Spherical coordinates / 1.3.3:
Strains, stresses, and the elastic wave equation / 1.4:
Dipoles / 1.4.1:
Point dipoles or doublets: single couples and tensile crack sources / 2.1:
Line dipoles / 2.2:
Torsional point sources / 2.3:
Seismic moments (double couples with no net resultant) / 2.4:
Blast loads (explosive line and point sources) / 2.5:
Dipoles in cylindrical coordinates / 2.6:
Full Space Problems / Section II:
Two-dimensional problems in full, homogeneous spaces / 3:
Fundamental identities and definitions / 3.1:
Anti-plane line load (SH waves) / 3.2:
SH line load in an orthotropic space / 3.3:
In-plane line load (SV-P waves) / 3.4:
Dipoles in plane strain / 3.5:
Line blast source: suddenly applied pressure / 3.6:
Cylindrical cavity subjected to pulsating pressure / 3.7:
Three-dimensional problems in full, homogeneous spaces / 4:
Point load (Stokes problem) / 4.1:
Tension cracks / 4.3:
Double couples (seismic moments) / 4.4:
Torsional point source / 4.5:
Torsional point source with vertical axis / 4.6:
Point blast source / 4.7:
Spherical cavity subjected to arbitrary pressure / 4.8:
Spatially harmonic line source (21/2-D problem) / 4.9:
Half-Space Problems / Section III:
Two-dimensional problems in homogeneous half-spaces / 5:
Half-plane, SH line source and receiver anywhere / 5.1:
SH line load in an orthotropic half-plane / 5.2:
Half-plane, SV-P source and receiver at surface (Lamb's problem) / 5.3:
Half-plane, SV-P source on surface, receiver at interior, or vice versa / 5.4:
Half-plane, line blast load applied in its interior (Garvin's problem) / 5.5:
Three-dimensional problems in homogeneous half-spaces / 6:
3-D half-space, suddenly applied vertical point load on its surface (Pekeris-Mooney's problem) / 6.1:
3-D half-space, suddenly applied horizontal point load on its surface (Chao's problem) / 6.2:
3-D half-space, buried torsional point source with vertical axis / 6.3:
Plates and Strata / Section IV:
Two-dimensional problems in homogeneous plates and strata / 7:
Plate subjected to SH line source / 7.1:
Solution using the method of images / 7.1.1:
Normal mode solution / 7.1.2:
Stratum subjected to SH line source / 7.2:
Plate with mixed boundary conditions subjected to SV-P line source / 7.2.1:
Analytical and Numerical Methods / 7.3.1:
Read me first
Solution to the Helmholtz and wave equations / 8:
Summary of results / 8.1:
Scalar Helmholtz equation in Cartesian coordinates / 8.2:
Vector Helmholtz equation in Cartesian coordinates / 8.3:
Elastic wave equation in Cartesian coordinates / 8.4:
Horizontally stratified media, plane strain / 8.4.1:
Scalar Helmholtz equation in cylindrical coordinates / 8.5:
Vector Helmholtz equation in cylindrical coordinates / 8.6:
Elastic wave equation in cylindrical coordinates / 8.7:
Horizontally stratified media / 8.7.1:
Radially stratified media / 8.7.2:
Scalar Helmholtz equation in spherical coordinates / 8.8:
Vector Helmholtz equation in spherical coordinates / 8.9:
Elastic wave equation in spherical coordinates / 8.10:
Integral transform method / 9:
Cylindrically stratified media / 9.1:
Stiffness matrix method for layered media / 9.3:
Summary of method / 10.1:
Stiffness matrix method in Cartesian coordinates / 10.2:
Analytic continuation in the layers / 10.2.1:
Numerical computation of stiffness matrices / 10.2.2:
Summary of computation / 10.2.3:
Stiffness matrix method in cylindrical coordinates / 10.3:
Horizontally layered system / 10.3.1:
Radially layered system / 10.3.2:
Stiffness matrix method for layered spheres / 10.4:
Properties and use of impedance matrices / 10.4.1:
Asymmetry / 10.4.2:
Expansion of source and displacements into spherical harmonics / 10.4.3:
Rigid body spheroidal modes / 10.4.4:
Appendices / Section VI:
Basic properties of mathematical functions / 11:
Bessel functions / 11.1:
Differential equation / 11.1.1:
Recurrence relations / 11.1.2:
Derivatives / 11.1.3:
Wronskians / 11.1.4:
Orthogonality conditions / 11.1.5:
Useful integrals / 11.1.6:
Spherical Bessel functions / 11.2:
Trigonometric representations / 11.2.1:
Legendre polynomials / 11.2.3:
Rodrigues's formula / 11.3.1:
Trigonometric expansion (x = cos [phi]) / 11.3.3:
Orthogonality condition / 11.3.4:
Expansion in Legendre series / 11.3.6:
Associated Legendre functions (spheroidal harmonics) / 11.4:
Orthogonality of co-latitude matrix / 11.4.1:
Expansion of arbitrary function in spheroidal harmonics / 11.4.5:
Leibniz rule for the derivative of a product of two functions / 11.4.6:
Brief listing of integral transforms / 12:
Fourier transforms / 12.1:
Hankel transforms / 12.2:
Spherical Hankel transforms / 12.3:
MATLAB programs / 13:
Solutions to the Helmholtz and wave equations / Part I:
Stiffness (impedance) matrix method
Brief table of integral transforms / Part VI:
MATLAB(R) program listings
Preface
Preliminaries / Section I:
Fundamentals / 1:
42.

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Fan Yang, Yahya Rahmat-Samii
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2008
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Preface
Acknowledgements
Abbreviations
Introduction / 1:
Background / 1.1:
Electromagnetic band gap (EBG) structures / 1.2:
EBG definition / 1.2.1:
EBG and metamaterials / 1.2.2:
Analysis methods for EBG structures / 1.3:
EBG applications in antenna engineering / 1.4:
Antenna substrates for surface wave suppressions / 1.4.1:
Antenna substrates for efficient low profile wire antenna designs / 1.4.2:
Reflection/transmission surfaces for high gain antennas / 1.4.3:
FDTD method for periodic structure analysis / 2:
FDTD fundamentals / 2.1:
Yee's cell and updating scheme / 2.1.1:
Absorbing boundary conditions: PML / 2.1.3:
FDTD excitation / 2.1.4:
Extraction of characteristic parameters / 2.1.5:
Periodic boundary conditions / 2.2:
Fundamental challenges in PBC / 2.2.1:
Overview of various PBCs / 2.2.2:
Constant k[subscript x] method for scattering analysis / 2.2.3:
Guided wave analysis / 2.3:
Problem statement / 2.3.1:
Brillouin zone for periodic waveguides / 2.3.2:
Examples / 2.3.3:
Plane wave scattering analysis / 2.4:
Plane wave excitation / 2.4.1:
A unified approach: hybrid FDTD/ARMA method / 2.4.3:
A unified approach for guided wave and scattering analysis / 2.5.1:
ARMA estimator / 2.5.2:
Projects / 2.5.3:
EBG characterizations and classifications / 3:
Resonant circuit models for EBG structures / 3.1:
Effective medium model with lumped LC elements / 3.1.1:
Transmission line model for surface waves / 3.1.2:
Transmission line model for plane waves / 3.1.3:
Graphic representation of frequency band gap / 3.2:
FDTD model / 3.2.1:
Near field distributions inside and outside the frequency band gap / 3.2.2:
Frequency band gap for surface wave propagation / 3.3:
Dispersion diagram / 3.3.1:
Surface wave band gap / 3.3.2:
In-phase reflection for plane wave incidence / 3.4:
Reflection phase / 3.4.1:
EBG reflection phase: normal incidence / 3.4.2:
EBG reflection phase: oblique incidence / 3.4.3:
Soft and hard surfaces / 3.5:
Impedance and reflection coefficient of a periodic ground plane / 3.5.1:
Soft and hard operations / 3.5.2:
Classifications of various EBG structures / 3.5.3:
Project / 3.7:
Designs and optimizations of EBG structures / 4:
Parametric study of a mushroom-like EBG structure / 4.1:
Patch width effect / 4.1.1:
Gap width effect / 4.1.2:
Substrate thickness effect / 4.1.3:
Substrate permittivity effect / 4.1.4:
Comparison of mushroom and uni-planar EBG designs / 4.2:
Polarization-dependent EBG surface designs / 4.3:
Rectangular patch EBG surface / 4.3.1:
Slot loaded EBG surface / 4.3.2:
EBG surface with offset vias / 4.3.3:
An example application: PDEBG reflector / 4.3.4:
Compact spiral EBG designs / 4.4:
Single spiral design / 4.4.1:
Double spiral design / 4.4.2:
Four-arm spiral design / 4.4.3:
Dual layer EBG designs / 4.5:
Particle swarm optimization (PSO) of EBG structures / 4.6:
Particle swarm optimization: a framework / 4.6.1:
Optimization for a desired frequency with a +90[degree] reflection phase / 4.6.2:
Optimization for a miniaturized EBG structure / 4.6.3:
General steps of EBG optimization problems using PSO / 4.6.4:
Advanced EBG surface designs / 4.7:
Space filling curve EBG designs / 4.7.1:
Multi-band EBG surface designs / 4.7.2:
Tunable EBG surface designs / 4.7.3:
Patch antennas with EBG structures / 4.8:
Patch antennas on high permittivity substrate / 5.1:
Gain enhancement of a single patch antenna / 5.2:
Patch antenna surrounded by EBG structures / 5.2.1:
Circularly polarized patch antenna design / 5.2.2:
Various EBG patch antenna designs / 5.2.3:
Mutual coupling reduction of a patch array / 5.3:
Mutual coupling between patch antennas on high dielectric constant substrate / 5.3.1:
Mutual coupling reduction by the EBG structure / 5.3.2:
More design examples / 5.3.3:
EBG patch antenna applications / 5.4:
EBG patch antenna for high precision GPS applications / 5.4.1:
EBG patch antenna for wearable electronics / 5.4.2:
EBG patch antennas in phased arrays for scan blindness elimination / 5.4.3:
Low profile wire antennas on EBG ground plane / 5.5:
Dipole antenna on EBG ground plane / 6.1:
Comparison of PEC, PMC, and EBG ground planes / 6.1.1:
Operational bandwidth selection / 6.1.2:
Parametric studies / 6.1.3:
Low profile antennas: wire-EBG antenna vs. patch antenna / 6.2:
Two types of low profile antennas / 6.2.1:
Performance comparison between wire-EBG and patch antennas / 6.2.2:
A dual band wire-EBG antenna design / 6.2.3:
Circularly polarized curl antenna on EBG ground plane / 6.3:
Performance of curl antennas over PEC and EBG ground planes / 6.3.1:
Parametric studies of curl antennas over the EBG surface / 6.3.2:
Experimental demonstration / 6.3.3:
Dipole antenna on a PDEBG ground plane for circular polarization / 6.4:
Radiation mechanism of CP dipole antenna / 6.4.1:
Experimental results / 6.4.2:
Reconfigurable bent monopole with radiation pattern diversity / 6.5:
Bent monopole antenna on EBG ground plane / 6.5.1:
Reconfigurable design for one-dimensional beam switch / 6.5.2:
Reconfigurable design for two-dimensional beam switch / 6.5.3:
Printed dipole antenna with a semi-EBG ground plane / 6.6:
Dipole antenna near the edge of a PEC ground plane / 6.6.1:
Enhanced performance of dipole antenna near the edge of an EBG ground plane / 6.6.2:
Summary / 6.6.3:
Surface wave antennas / 6.8:
A grounded slab loaded with periodic patches / 7.1:
Comparison of two artificial ground planes / 7.1.1:
Surface waves in the grounded slab with periodic patch loading / 7.1.2:
Dipole-fed surface wave antennas / 7.2:
Performance of a low profile dipole on a patch-loaded grounded slab / 7.2.1:
Radiation mechanism: the surface wave antenna / 7.2.2:
Effect of the finite artificial ground plane / 7.2.3:
Comparison between the surface wave antenna and vertical monopole antenna / 7.2.4:
Patch-fed surface wave antennas / 7.3:
Comparison between a circular microstrip antenna and a patch-fed SWA / 7.3.1:
Dual band surface wave antenna / 7.3.2:
Crosspatch-fed surface wave antenna / 7.4.1:
Modified crosspatch-fed surface wave antenna for dual band operation / 7.4.2:
EBG literature review / 7.5:
Index
Preface
Acknowledgements
Abbreviations
43.

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Philip I. Cohen, Ayahiko Ichimiya
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2004
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Historical survey / 2:
Instrumentation / 3:
Wave properties of electrons / 4:
The diffraction conditions / 5:
Geometrical features of the patterns / 6:
Kikuchi and resonance patterns / 7:
Real diffraction patterns / 8:
Electron scattering by atoms / 9:
Kinematic electron diffraction / 10:
Fourier components of the crystal potential / 11:
Dynamical theory: transfer matrix method / 12:
Dynamical theory: embedded R-matrix method / 13:
Dynamical theory: integral method / 14:
Structural analysis of crystal surfaces / 15:
Inelastic scattering in a crystal / 16:
Weakly disordered surfaces / 17:
Strongly disordered surfaces / 18:
RHEED intensity; oscillations / 19:
Appendices
Fourier representations / A:
Green's function / B:
Kirchhoff's diffraction theory / C:
A simpler Eigenvalue problem / D:
Waller and Hartree equation / E:
Optimization of dynamical calculation / F:
Scattering factor / G:
References
RHEED intensity oscillations
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Historical survey / 2:
44.

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James K. Hirvonen, James Mayer, Michael Nastasi
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1996
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General features and fundamental concepts / 1:
Interatomic potentials / 2:
Dynamics of binary elastic collisions / 3:
Cross-section / 4:
Ion stopping / 5:
Ion range and range distribution / 6:
Radiation damage and spikes / 7:
Ion-solid simulations and irradiation enhanced transport / 8:
Sputtering / 9:
Order-disorder under irradiation and ion implantation metallurgy / 10:
Ion beam mixing / 11:
Phase transformations / 12:
Ion beam assisted deposition / 13:
Applications of ion beam processing techniques / 14:
Ion beam system features / 15:
Appendices
Crystallography / A:
Table of contents / B:
Density of states / C:
Derivation of the Thomas-Fermi differential equations / D:
Centre-of-mass and laboratory scattering angles / E:
Miedema's semi-empirical model for the enthalpy of formation in the liquid and solid state / F:
Implantation metallurgy - study of equilibrium alloys / G:
Miedema's semi-empirical model for the enthalpy of formation in the liquid and solid state / Appendices: A:
General features and fundamental concepts / 1:
Interatomic potentials / 2:
Dynamics of binary elastic collisions / 3:
45.

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Peter John Frederich Harris
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2009
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Introduction / 1:
Synthesis I: arc- and laser-vaporisation, heat treatment methods and electrolysis / 2:
Synthesis II: catalytic chemical vapour deposition and related methods / 3:
Purification and processing / 4:
Structure / 5:
Physical properties I: Electronic / 6:
Physical properties II: Mechanical, optical and thermal / 7:
Chemistry and biology of nanotubes / 8:
Carbon nanotube composites / 9:
Filled and heterogeneous nanotubes / 10:
Probes and sensors / 11:
Conclusions / 12:
Introduction / 1:
Synthesis I: arc- and laser-vaporisation, heat treatment methods and electrolysis / 2:
Synthesis II: catalytic chemical vapour deposition and related methods / 3:
46.

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Malcolm J. Abzug, E. Eugene Larrabee
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2002
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Early developments in stability and control / 1:
Research centers and texts / 2:
Flying qualities becomes a science / 3:
Power effects on stability and control / 4:
Managing control forces / 5:
Stability and control at the design stage / 6:
The jets at an awkward age / 7:
The discovery of inertial coupling / 8:
Spinning and recovery / 9:
Tactical airplane maneuverability / 10:
High mach number difficulties / 11:
Naval aircraft problems / 12:
Ultra-light and human-powered airplanes / 13:
Fuel slosh, deep stall, and more / 14:
Safe personal airplanes / 15:
Stability and control issues with variable sweep / 16:
Modern canard configurations / 17:
Evolution of the equations of motion / 18:
The elastic airplane / 19:
Stability augmentation / 20:
Flying qualities research moves with the times / 21:
Challenge of stealth aerodynamics / 22:
Very large aircraft / 23:
Work still to be done / 24:
Short biographies of some stability and control figures
References and core bibliography
Early developments in stability and control / 1:
Research centers and texts / 2:
Flying qualities becomes a science / 3:
47.

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Richard Hays Boyd, Richard Boyd, Grant Smith, Grant D. Smith
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2007
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Preface
Methodology / Part I:
Mechanical relaxation / 1:
Regimes of behavior / 1.1:
Superposition principle / 1.2:
Relaxation modulus / 1.3:
Simple stress relaxation / 1.4:
Dynamic modulus / 1.5:
Interconversion of stress relaxation and dynamic modulus / 1.6:
Representation of the relaxation function: single relaxation time (SRT) / 1.7:
Relaxations in polymeric materials tend to be "broad" / 1.8:
Distribution of relaxation times / 1.9:
Relaxation spectrum from E[subscript R](t) / 1.10:
Creep compliance / 1.11:
Dynamic compliance / 1.12:
Representation of the retardation function / 1.13:
Summary of the data transformations illustrated / 1.14:
A brief summary of elasticity / Appendix A1:
References
Dielectric relaxation / 2:
Dielectric permittivity / 2.1:
Measurement of dielectric permittivity / 2.2:
Time dependence of polarization: reorientation of permanent dipoles / 2.3:
Polarization and permittivity in time dependent electric fields / 2.4:
Empirical representations of the dielectric permittivity / 2.5:
NMR spectroscopy / 3:
NMR basics / 3.1:
The pulsed NMR method / 3.2:
NMR relaxation measurements / 3.3:
NMR exchange spectroscopy / 3.4:
Dynamic neutron scattering / 4:
Neutron scattering basics / 4.1:
Time-of-flight (TOF) and backscattering QENS / 4.2:
Neutron spin echo (NSE) spectroscopy / 4.3:
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of amorphous polymers / 5:
A brief history of atomistic MD simulations of amorphous polymers / 5.1:
The mechanics of MD simulations / 5.2:
Studying relaxation processes using atomistic MD simulations / 5.3:
Classical atomistic force fields / 5.4:
Amorphous polymers / Part II:
The primary transition region / 6:
Mechanical vs. dielectric relaxation / 6.1:
NMR relaxation / 6.4:
Neutron scattering / 6.5:
Secondary (subglass) relaxations / 7:
Occurrence of mechanical and dielectric secondary processes / 7.1:
Complexity and multiplicity of secondary processes / 7.2:
Flexible side group motion as a source of secondary relaxation / 7.3:
NMR spectroscopy studies of flexible side group motion / 7.4:
The transition from melt to glass and its molecular basis / 8:
Experimental description / 8.1:
Molecular basis / 8.2:
Complex systems / Part III:
Semi-crystalline polymers / 9:
Phase assignment / 9.1:
Effect of crystal phase presence on amorphous fraction relaxation / 9.2:
Relaxations in semi-crystalline polymers with a crystal phase relaxation / 9.3:
NMR insights / 9.4:
Miscible polymer blends / 10:
Poly(isoprene)/poly(vinyl ethylene) (PI/PVE) blends / 10.1:
Models for miscible blend dynamics / 10.2:
MD simulations of model miscible blends / 10.3:
PI/PVE blends revisited / 10.4:
The Rouse model / Appendix AI:
Formulation and normal modes / AI.1:
Establishment of Rouse parameters for a real polymer / AI.2:
The viscoelastic response of a Rouse chain / AI.3:
Bead displacements and the coherent single-chain structure factor / AI.4:
Site models for localized relaxation / Appendix AII:
Dipolar relaxation in terms of site models / AII.1:
Mechanical relaxation in terms of site models / AII.2:
Index
Amorphous Polymers
Complex Systems
The Rouse Model / Appendix 1:
Preface
Methodology / Part I:
Mechanical relaxation / 1:
48.

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Vatchâe Vorpâerian
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2002
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Transfer functions / 2:
The extra element theorem / 3:
The N extra element theorem / 4:
Electronic negative feedback / 5:
High-frequency and microwave circuits / 6:
Passive filters / 7:
PWM switching DC-to-DC converters / 8:
Foundation unit
A funny thing happened
On the road
Learn a language
A tall, dark handsome stranger
Through the grapevine
Being green
Work to live!
Bestsellers
Family life / 9:
Shop till you drop / 10:
Jobhunting / 11:
Getaway holidays / 12:
Crime doesn't pay / 13:
Customer relations / 14:
Food for thought / 15:
Literary figures / 16:
Stay healthy! / 17:
Sport for all / 18:
Review unit
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Transfer functions / 2:
49.

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V. N. Bringi, V. Chandrasekar
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2001
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Electromagnetic concepts useful for radar applications / 1:
Scattering matrix / 2:
Wave, antenna, and radar polarization / 3:
Dual-polarized wave propagation in precipitation media / 4:
Doppler radar signal theory and spectral estimation / 5:
Dual-polarized radar systems and signal processing algorithms / 6:
The polarimetric basis for characterizing precipitation / 7:
Radar rainfall estimation / 8:
Appendices
Electromagnetic concepts useful for radar applications / 1:
Scattering matrix / 2:
Wave, antenna, and radar polarization / 3:
50.

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W. Jones, William Jones, C. N. R. Rao, Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao
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Assembly and mineralization processes in biomineralization Lia Addadi / Elia Beniash ; Steve Weiner1:
Mesoscale materials synthesis and beyond Ivana Soten and Geoffrey / A. Ozin2:
Towards the rational design of zeolite frameworks Paul Wagner and Mark / E. Davis3:
Mesoscale self-assembly Ned Bowden / Joe Tien ; Wilhelm T. S. Huck ; George M. Whitesides4:
Design of amphiphiles for the modulation of catalytic membranous and gelation properties / Santanu Bhattacharya5:
Nanofabrication by the surface sol-gel process and molecular imprinting / Izumi Kunitake ; Sueng-Woo Lee ; Toyoki Ichinose6:
The hierarchy of open-framework structures in metal phosphates and oxalates / Srinivasan Natarajan ; C. N. R. Rao7:
Mesoscale self-assembly of metal nanocrystals into ordered arrays and giant / clusters G. U. Kulkarni ; P. John Thomas8:
Layered double hydroxides as templates for the formations of organic-inorganic supramolecular structures / Steven P. Newman ; William Jones9:
Molecular machines Francisco / M. Raymo ; J. Fraser Stoddart10:
Some aspects of supramolecular design of organic materials / Uday Maitra ; R. Balasubramanian11:
Controlling crystal architecture in molecular solids / Andrew D. Bond12:
Assembly and mineralization processes in biomineralization / Lia Addadi
Mesoscale materials synthesis and beyond / Ivana Soten ; Geoffrey A. Ozin
Towards the rational design of zeolite frameworks / Paul Wagner ; Mark E. Davis
Mesoscale self-assembly / Ned Bowden
Mesoscale self-assembly of metal nanocrystals into ordered arrays and giant clusters / G. U. Kulkarni
Molecular machines / Francisco M. Raymo
Assembly and mineralization processes in biomineralization Lia Addadi / Elia Beniash ; Steve Weiner1:
Mesoscale materials synthesis and beyond Ivana Soten and Geoffrey / A. Ozin2:
Towards the rational design of zeolite frameworks Paul Wagner and Mark / E. Davis3:
51.

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Nan Yao
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2007
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List of contributors
Preface
Introduction to the focused ion beam system / Nan Yao1:
Interaction of ions with matter / Nobutsugu Imanishi2:
Gas assisted ion beam etching and deposition / Hyoung Ho (Chris) Kang ; Clive Chandler ; Matthew Weschler3:
Imaging using electrons and ion beams / Kaoru Ohya ; Tohru Ishitani4:
Characterization methods using FIB/SEM DualBeam instrumentation / Steve Reyntjens ; Lucille A. Giannuzzi5:
High-density FIB-SEM 3D nanotomography: with applications of real-time imaging during FIB milling / E. L. Principe6:
Fabrication of nanoscale structures using ion beams / Ampere A. Tseng7:
Preparation for physico-chemical analysis / Richard Langford8:
In-situ sample manipulation and imaging / T. Kamino ; T. Yaguchi ; T. Ohnishi ; T. Ishitani9:
Micro-machining and mask repair / Mark Utlaut10:
Three-dimensional visualization of nanostructured materials using focused ion beam tomography / Derren Dunn ; Alan J. Kubis ; Robert Hull11:
Ion beam implantation of surface layers / Daniel Recht12:
Applications for biological materials / Kirk Hou13:
Focused ion beam systems as a multifunctional tool for nanotechnology / Toshiaki Fujii ; Tatsuya Asahata ; Takashi Kaito14:
Index
Gas assisted ion beam etching and deposition Hyoung Ho (Chris) Kang
Imagining using electrons and ion beams
List of contributors
Preface
Introduction to the focused ion beam system / Nan Yao1:
52.

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Roger C. Baker
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000
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Foreword
Acknowledgements
Introduction / 1:
Fluid mechanics essentials / 2:
Specification, selection and audit / 3:
Calibration / 4:
Orifice plate meters / 5:
Venturi meter and standard nozzles / 6:
Critical flow venturi nozzle / 7:
Other momentum-sensing meters / 8:
Positive displacement (PD) flowmeters / 9:
Turbine and related flowmeters / 10:
Vortex shedding, swirl and fluidic flowmeters / 11:
Electromagnetic flowmeters / 12:
Ultrasonic flowmeters / 13:
Mass flow measurement using multiple sensors for single and multiphase flows / 14:
Thermal flowmeters / 15:
Angular momentum devices / 16:
Coriolis flowmeters / 17:
Probes for local velocity measurement in liquids and gases / 18:
Modern control systems / 19:
Some reflections on flowmeter manufacture, production and markets / 20:
Future developments / 21:
Nomenclature
Bibliography
References
Foreword
Acknowledgements
Introduction / 1:
53.

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Edward M. Greitzer, M. B. Graf, Martin B. Graf, E. M. Greitzer, C. S. Tan, Choon Sooi Tan
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2004
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Preface
Acknowledgements
Conventions and nomenclature
Equations of motion / 1:
Some useful basic ideas / 2:
Vorticity and circulation / 3:
Boundary layers and free shear layers / 4:
Loss sources and loss accounting / 5:
Unsteady flow / 6:
Flow in rotating passages / 7:
Swirling flow / 8:
Generation of streamwise vorticity and three-dimensional flow / 9:
Compressible internal flow / 10:
Flow with heat addition / 11:
Non-uniform flow in fluid components / 12:
References
Supplementary references appearing in figures
Index
Introduction / 1.1:
Properties of a fluid and the continuum assumption / 1.2:
Dynamic and thermodynamic principles / 1.3:
The rate of change of quantities following a fluid particle / 1.3.1:
Mass and momentum conservation for a fluid system / 1.3.2:
Thermodynamic states and state change processes for a fluid system / 1.3.3:
First and second laws of thermodynamics for a fluid system / 1.3.4:
Behavior of the working fluid / 1.4:
Equations of state / 1.4.1:
Specific heats / 1.4.2:
Relation between changes in material and fixed volumes: Reynolds's Transport Theorem / 1.5:
Conservation laws for a fixed region (control volume) / 1.6:
Description of stress within a fluid / 1.7:
Integral forms of the equations of motion / 1.8:
Force, torque, and energy exchange in fluid devices / 1.8.1:
Differential forms of the equations of motion / 1.9:
Conservation of mass / 1.9.1:
Conservation of momentum / 1.9.2:
Conservation of energy / 1.9.3:
Splitting the energy equation: entropy changes in a fluid / 1.10:
Heat transfer and entropy generation sources / 1.10.1:
Initial and boundary conditions / 1.11:
Boundary conditions at solid surfaces / 1.11.1:
Inlet and outlet boundary conditions / 1.11.2:
The rate of strain tensor and the form of the dissipation function / 1.12:
Relationship between stress and rate of strain / 1.13:
The Navier-Stokes equations / 1.14:
Cartesian coordinates / 1.14.1:
Cylindrical coordinates / 1.14.2:
Disturbance propagation in a compressible fluid: the speed of sound / 1.15:
Stagnation and static quantities / 1.16:
Relation of stagnation and static quantities in terms of Mach number / 1.16.1:
Kinematic and dynamic flow field similarity / 1.17:
Incompressible flow / 1.17.1:
Kinematic similarity / 1.17.2:
Dynamic similarity / 1.17.3:
Compressible flow / 1.17.4:
Limiting forms for low Mach number / 1.17.5:
The assumption of incompressible flow / 2.1:
Steady flow / 2.2.1:
Upstream influence / 2.2.2:
Upstream influence of a circumferentially periodic non-uniformity / 2.3.1:
Upstream influence of a radial non-uniformity in an annulus / 2.3.2:
Pressure fields and streamline curvature: equations of motion in natural coordinates / 2.4:
Normal and streamwise accelerations and pressure gradients / 2.4.1:
Other expressions for streamline curvature / 2.4.2:
Quasi-one-dimensional steady compressible flow / 2.5:
Corrected flow per unit area / 2.5.1:
Differential relations between area and flow variables for steady isentropic one-dimensional flow / 2.5.2:
Steady isentropic one-dimensional channel flow / 2.5.3:
Shock waves / 2.6:
The entropy rise across a normal shock / 2.6.1:
Shock structure and entropy generation processes / 2.6.2:
Effect of exit conditions on steady, isentropic, one-dimensional compressible channel flow / 2.7:
Flow regimes for a converging nozzle / 2.7.1:
Flow regimes for a converging-diverging nozzle / 2.7.2:
Applications of the integral forms of the equations of motion / 2.8:
Pressure rise and mixing losses at a sudden expansion / 2.8.1:
Ejector performance / 2.8.2:
Fluid force on turbomachinery blading / 2.8.3:
The Euler turbine equation / 2.8.4:
Thrust force on an inlet / 2.8.5:
Thrust of a cylindrical tube with heating or cooling (idealized ramjet) / 2.8.6:
Oblique shock waves / 2.8.7:
Boundary layers / 2.9:
Features of boundary layers in ducts / 2.9.1:
The influence of boundary layers on the flow outside the viscous region / 2.9.2:
Turbulent boundary layers / 2.9.3:
Inflow and outflow in fluid devices: separation and the asymmetry of real fluid motions / 2.10:
Qualitative considerations concerning flow separation from solid surfaces / 2.10.1:
The contrast between flow in and out of a pipe / 2.10.2:
Flow through a bent tube as an illustration of the principles / 2.10.3:
Flow through a sharp edged orifice / 2.10.4:
Vorticity kinematics / 3.1:
Vortex lines and vortex tubes / 3.2.1:
Behavior of vortex lines at a solid surface / 3.2.2:
Vorticity dynamics / 3.3:
Vorticity changes in an incompressible, uniform density, inviscid flow with conservative body force / 3.4:
Examples: Secondary flow in a bend, horseshoe vortices upstream of struts / 3.4.1:
Vorticity changes and angular momentum changes / 3.4.2:
Vorticity changes in an incompressible, non-uniform density, inviscid flow / 3.5:
Examples of vorticity creation due to density non-uniformity / 3.5.1:
Vorticity changes in a uniform density, viscous flow with conservative body forces / 3.6:
Vorticity changes and viscous torques / 3.6.1:
Diffusion and intensification of vorticity in a viscous vortex / 3.6.2:
Changes of vorticity in a fixed volume / 3.6.3:
Summary of vorticity evolution in an incompressible flow / 3.6.4:
Vorticity changes in a compressible inviscid flow / 3.7:
Circulation / 3.8:
Kelvin's Theorem / 3.8.1:
Circulation behavior in an incompressible flow / 3.9:
Uniform density inviscid flow with conservative body forces / 3.9.1:
Incompressible, non-uniform density, inviscid flow with conservative body forces / 3.9.2:
Uniform density viscous flow with conservative body forces / 3.9.3:
Circulation behavior in a compressible inviscid flow / 3.10:
Circulation generation due to shock motion in a non-homogeneous medium / 3.10.1:
Rate of change of circulation for a fixed contour / 3.11:
Rotational flow descriptions in terms of vorticity and circulation / 3.12:
Behavior of vortex tubes when D[Gamma]/Dt = 0 / 3.12.1:
Evolution of a non-uniform flow through a diffuser or nozzle / 3.12.2:
Trailing vorticity and trailing vortices / 3.12.3:
Generation of vorticity at solid surfaces / 3.13:
Generation of vorticity in a two-dimensional flow / 3.13.1:
Vorticity flux in thin shear layers (boundary layers and free shear layers) / 3.13.2:
Vorticity generation at a plane surface in a three-dimensional flow / 3.13.3:
Relation between kinematic and thermodynamic properties in an inviscid, non-heat-conducting fluid: Crocco's Theorem / 3.14:
Applications of Crocco's Theorem / 3.14.1:
The velocity field associated with a vorticity distribution / 3.15:
Application of the velocity representation to vortex tubes / 3.15.1:
Application to two-dimensional flow / 3.15.2:
Surface distributions of vorticity / 3.15.3:
Some specific velocity fields associated with vortex structures / 3.15.4:
Numerical methods based on the distribution of vorticity / 3.15.5:
Boundary layer behavior and device performance / 4.1:
The boundary layer equations for plane and curved surfaces / 4.2:
Plane surfaces / 4.2.1:
Extension to curved surfaces / 4.2.2:
Boundary layer integral quantities and the equations that describe them / 4.3:
Boundary layer integral thicknesses / 4.3.1:
Integral forms of the boundary layer equations / 4.3.2:
Laminar boundary layers / 4.4:
Laminar boundary layer behavior in favorable and adverse pressure gradients / 4.4.1:
Laminar boundary layer separation / 4.4.2:
Laminar-turbulent boundary layer transition / 4.5:
The time mean equations for turbulent boundary layers / 4.6:
The composite nature of a turbulent boundary layer / 4.6.2:
Introductory discussion of turbulent shear stress / 4.6.3:
Boundary layer thickness and wall shear stress in laminar and turbulent flow / 4.6.4:
Vorticity and velocity fluctuations in turbulent flow / 4.6.5:
Applications of boundary layer analysis: viscous-inviscid interaction in a diffuser / 4.7:
Qualitative description of viscous-inviscid interaction / 4.7.1:
Quantitative description of viscous-inviscid interaction / 4.7.2:
Extensions of interactive boundary layer theory to other situations / 4.7.3:
Turbulent boundary layer separation / 4.7.4:
Free turbulent flows / 4.8:
Similarity solutions for incompressible uniform-density free shear layers / 4.8.1:
The mixing layer between two streams / 4.8.2:
The effects of compressibility on free shear layer mixing / 4.8.3:
Appropriateness of the similarity solutions / 4.8.4:
Turbulent entrainment / 4.9:
Jets and wakes in pressure gradients / 4.10:
Losses and entropy change / 5.1:
Losses in a spatially uniform flow through a screen or porous plate / 5.2.1:
Irreversibility, entropy generation, and lost work / 5.2.2:
Lost work accounting in fluid components and systems / 5.2.3:
Loss accounting and mixing in spatially non-uniform flows / 5.3:
Boundary layer losses / 5.4:
Entropy generation in boundary layers on adiabatic walls / 5.4.1:
The boundary layer dissipation coefficient / 5.4.2:
Estimation of turbomachinery blade profile losses / 5.4.3:
Mixing losses / 5.5:
Mixing of two streams with non-uniform stagnation pressure and/or temperature / 5.5.1:
The limiting case of low Mach number (M[superscript 2] [less than less than] 1) mixing / 5.5.2:
Comments on loss metrics for flows with non-uniform temperatures / 5.5.3:
Mixing losses from fluid injection into a stream / 5.5.4:
Irreversibility in mixing / 5.5.5:
A caveat: smoothing out of a flow non-uniformity does not always imply loss / 5.5.6:
Averaging in non-uniform flows: the average stagnation pressure / 5.6:
Representation of a non-uniform flow by equivalent average quantities / 5.6.1:
Averaging procedures in an incompressible uniform-density flow / 5.6.2:
Effect of velocity distribution on average stagnation pressure (incompressible, uniform-density flow) / 5.6.3:
Averaging procedures in compressible flow / 5.6.4:
Appropriate average values for stagnation quantities in a non-uniform flow / 5.6.5:
Streamwise evolution of losses in fluid devices / 5.7:
Stagnation pressure averages and integral boundary layer parameters / 5.7.1:
Comparison of losses within a device to losses from downstream mixing / 5.7.2:
Effect of base pressure on mixing losses / 5.8:
Effect of pressure level on average properties and mixing losses / 5.9:
Two-stream mixing / 5.9.1:
Mixing of a linear shear flow in a diffuser or nozzle / 5.9.2:
Wake mixing / 5.9.3:
Losses in turbomachinery cascades
Summary concerning loss generation and characterization / 5.11:
The inherent unsteadiness of fluid machinery / 6.1:
The reduced frequency / 6.3:
An example of the role of reduced frequency: unsteady flow in a channel / 6.3.1:
Examples of unsteady flows / 6.4:
Stagnation pressure changes in an irrotational incompressible flow / 6.4.1:
The starting transient for incompressible flow exiting a tank / 6.4.2:
Stagnation pressure variations due to the motion of an isolated airfoil / 6.4.3:
Moving blade row (moving row of bound vortices) / 6.4.4:
Unsteady wake structure and energy separation / 6.4.5:
Shear layer instability / 6.5:
Instability of a vortex sheet (Kelvin-Helmholtz instability) / 6.5.1:
General features of parallel shear layer instability / 6.5.2:
Waves and oscillation in fluid systems: system instabilities / 6.6:
Transfer matrices (transmission matrices) for fluid components / 6.6.1:
Examples of unsteady behavior in fluid systems / 6.6.2:
Nonlinear oscillations in fluid systems / 6.6.3:
Multi-dimensional unsteady disturbances in a compressible inviscid flow / 6.7:
Examples of fluid component response to unsteady disturbances / 6.8:
Interaction of entropy and pressure disturbances / 6.8.1:
Interaction of vorticity and pressure disturbances / 6.8.2:
Disturbance interaction caused by shock waves / 6.8.3:
Irrotational disturbances and upstream influence in a compressible flow / 6.8.4:
Summary concerning small amplitude unsteady disturbances / 6.8.5:
Some Features of unsteady viscous flows / 6.9:
Flow due to an oscillating boundary / 6.9.1:
Oscillating channel flow / 6.9.2:
Unsteady boundary layers / 6.9.3:
Dynamic stall / 6.9.4:
Turbomachine wake behavior in an unsteady environment / 6.9.5:
Equations of motion in a rotating coordinate system / 7.1:
Rotating coordinate systems and Coriolis accelerations / 7.1.2:
Centrifugal accelerations in a uniform density fluid: the reduced static pressure / 7.1.3:
Illustrations of Coriolis and centrifugal forces in a rotating coordinate system / 7.2:
Conserved quantities in a steady rotating flow / 7.3:
Phenomena in flows where rotation dominates / 7.4:
Non-dimensional parameters: the Rossby and Ekman numbers / 7.4.1:
Inviscid flow at low Rossby number: the Taylor-Proudman Theorem / 7.4.2:
Viscous flow at low Rossby number: Ekman layers / 7.4.3:
Changes in vorticity and circulation in a rotating flow / 7.5:
Flow in two-dimensional rotating straight channels / 7.6:
Inviscid flow / 7.6.1:
Coriolis effects on boundary layer mixing and stability / 7.6.2:
Three-dimensional flow in rotating passages / 7.7:
Generation of cross-plane circulation in a rotating passage / 7.7.1:
Fully developed viscous flow in a rotating square duct / 7.7.2:
Comments on viscous flow development in rotating passages / 7.7.3:
Two-dimensional flow in rotating diffusing passages / 7.8:
Quasi-one-dimensional approximation / 7.8.1:
Two-dimensional inviscid flow in a rotating diffusing blade passage / 7.8.2:
Effects of rotation on diffuser performance / 7.8.3:
Features of the relative flow in axial turbomachine passages / 7.9:
Incompressible, uniform-density, inviscid swirling flows in simple radial equilibrium / 8.1:
Examples of simple radial equilibrium flows / 8.2.1:
Rankine vortex flow / 8.2.2:
Upstream influence in a swirling flow / 8.3:
Effects of circulation and stagnation pressure distributions on upstream influence / 8.4:
Instability in swirling flow / 8.5:
Waves on vortex cores / 8.6:
Control volume equations for a vortex core / 8.6.1:
Wave propagation in unconfined geometries / 8.6.2:
Wave propagation and flow regimes in confined geometries: swirl stabilization of Kelvin-Helmholtz instability / 8.6.3:
Features of steady vortex core flows / 8.7:
Pressure gradients along a vortex core centerline / 8.7.1:
Axial and circumferential velocity distributions in vortex cores / 8.7.2:
Applicability of the Rankine vortex model / 8.7.3:
Vortex core response to external conditions / 8.8:
Unconfined geometries (steady vortex cores with specified external pressure variation) / 8.8.1:
Confined geometries (steady vortex cores in ducts with specified area variation) / 8.8.2:
Discontinuous vortex core behavior / 8.8.3:
Swirling flow boundary layers / 8.9:
Swirling flow boundary layers on stationary surfaces and separation in swirling flow / 8.9.1:
Swirling flow boundary layers on rotating surfaces / 8.9.2:
The enclosed rotating disk / 8.9.3:
Internal flow in gas turbine engine rotating disk cavities / 8.9.4:
Swirling jets / 8.10:
Recirculation in axisymmetric swirling flow and vortex breakdown / 8.11:
A basic illustration of secondary flow: a boundary layer in a bend / 9.1:
Qualitative description / 9.2.1:
A simple estimate for streamwise vorticity generation and cross-flow plane velocity components / 9.2.2:
A quantitative look at secondary flow in a bend: measurements and three-dimensional computations / 9.2.3:
Additional examples of secondary flow / 9.3:
Outflow of swirling fluid from a container / 9.3.1:
Secondary flow in an S-shaped duct / 9.3.2:
Streamwise vorticity and secondary flow in a two-dimensional contraction / 9.3.3:
Three-dimensional flow in turbine passages / 9.3.4:
Expressions for the growth of secondary circulation in an inviscid flow / 9.4:
Incompressible uniform density fluid / 9.4.1:
Incompressible non-uniform density fluid / 9.4.2:
Perfect gas with constant specific heats / 9.4.3:
Applications of secondary flow analyses / 9.5:
Approximations based on convection of vorticity by a primary flow / 9.5.1:
Flow with large distortion of the stream surfaces / 9.5.2:
Three-dimensional boundary layers: further remarks on effects of viscosity in secondary flow / 9.6:
Secondary flow in a rotating reference frame / 9.7:
Absolute vorticity as a measure of secondary circulation / 9.7.1:
Generation of secondary circulation in a rotating reference frame / 9.7.2:
Expressions for, and examples of, secondary circulation in rotating systems / 9.7.3:
Non-uniform density flow in rotating passages / 9.7.4:
Secondary flow in rotating machinery / 9.8:
Radial migration of high temperature fluid in a turbine rotor / 9.8.1:
Streamwise vorticity and mixing enhancement / 9.9:
Lobed mixers and streamwise vorticity generation / 9.9.1:
Vortex-enhanced mixing / 9.9.2:
Additional aspects of mixing enhancement in lobed mixers / 9.9.3:
Fluid impulse and vorticity generation / 9.10:
Creation of a vortex ring by a distribution of impulses / 9.10.1:
Fluid impulse and lift on an airfoil / 9.10.2:
Far field behavior of a jet in cross-flow / 9.10.3:
Generalized one-dimensional compressible flow analysis / 10.1:
Differential equations for one-dimensional flow / 10.3.1:
Influence coefficient matrix for one-dimensional flow / 10.3.2:
Effects of shaft work and body forces / 10.3.3:
Effects of friction and heat addition on compressible channel flow / 10.4:
Constant area adiabatic flow with friction / 10.4.1:
Constant area frictionless flow with heat addition / 10.4.2:
Results for area change, friction, and heat addition / 10.4.3:
Starting and operation of supersonic diffusers and inlets / 10.5:
The problem of starting a supersonic flow / 10.5.1:
The use of variable geometry to start the flow / 10.5.2:
Starting of supersonic inlets / 10.5.3:
Characteristics of supersonic flow in passages and channels / 10.6:
Turbomachinery blade passages / 10.6.1:
Shock wave patterns in ducts and shock train behavior / 10.6.2:
Extensions of the one-dimensional concepts - I: axisymmetric compressible swirling flow / 10.7:
Development of equations for compressible swirling flow / 10.7.1:
Application of influence coefficients for axisymmetric compressible swirling flow / 10.7.2:
Behavior of connected flow per unit area in a compressible swirling flow / 10.7.3:
Extensions of the one-dimensional concepts - II: compound-compressible channel flow / 10.8:
Introduction to compound flow: two-stream low Mach number (incompressible) flow in a converging nozzle / 10.8.1:
Qualitative considerations for multistream compressible flow / 10.8.2:
Compound-compressible channel flow theory / 10.8.3:
One-dimensional compound waves / 10.8.4:
Results for two-stream compound-compressible flows / 10.8.5:
Flow angle, Mach number, and pressure changes in isentropic supersonic flow / 10.9:
Differential relationships for small angle changes / 10.9.1:
Relationships for finite angle changes: Prandtl-Meyer flows / 10.9.2:
Flow field invariance to stagnation temperature distribution: the Munk and Prim substitution principle / 10.10:
Two-dimensional flow / 10.10.1:
Three-dimensional flow / 10.10.2:
Flow from a reservoir with non-uniform stagnation temperature / 10.10.3:
Introduction: sources of heat addition / 11.1:
Heat addition and vorticity generation / 11.2:
Stagnation pressure decrease due to heat addition / 11.3:
Heat addition and flow state changes in propulsion devices / 11.4:
The H-K diagram / 11.4.1:
Flow processes in ramjet and scramjet systems / 11.4.2:
An illustration of the effect of condensation on compressible flow behavior / 11.5:
Swirling flow with heat addition / 11.6:
Results for vortex core behavior with heat addition / 11.6.1:
An approximate substitution principle for viscous heat conducting flow / 11.7:
Equations for flow with heat addition and mixing / 11.7.1:
Two-stream mixing as a model problem-I: constant area, low Mach number, uniform inlet stagnation pressure / 11.7.2:
Two-stream mixing as a model problem- II: non-uniform inlet stagnation pressures / 11.7.3:
Effects of inlet Mach number level / 11.7.4:
Applications of the approximate principle / 11.8:
Lobed mixer nozzles / 11.8.1:
Jets / 11.8.2:
Ejectors / 11.8.3:
Mixing of streams with non-uniform densities / 11.8.4:
Comments on the approximations / 11.8.5:
An illustrative example of flow modeling: two-dimensional steady non-uniform flow through a screen / 12.1:
elocity and pressure field upstream of the screen / 12.2.1:
Flow in the downstream region / 12.2.2:
Matching conditions across the screen / 12.2.3:
Overall features of the solution / 12.2.4:
Nonlinear effects / 12.2.5:
Disturbance length scales and the assumption of inviscid flow / 12.2.6:
Applications to creation of a velocity non-uniformity using screens / 12.3:
Flow through a uniform inclined screen / 12.3.1:
Pressure drop and velocity field with partial duct blockage / 12.3.2:
Enhancing flow uniformity in diffusing passages / 12.3.3:
Upstream influence and component interaction / 12.4:
Non-axisymmetric (asymmetric) flow in axial compressors / 12.5:
Flow upstream of the compressor / 12.5.1:
Flow downstream of the compressor / 12.5.2:
Matching conditions across the compressor / 12.5.3:
Behavior of the axial velocity and upstream static pressure / 12.5.4:
Generation of non-uniform flow by circumferentially varying tip clearance / 12.5.5:
Additional examples of upstream effects in turbomachinery flows / 12.6:
Turbine engine effects on inlet performance / 12.6.1:
Strut-vane row interaction: upstream influence with two different length scales / 12.6.2:
Unsteady compressor response to asymmetric flow / 12.7:
Self-excited propagating disturbances in axial compressors and compressor instability / 12.7.1:
A deeper look at the effects of circumferentially varying tip clearance / 12.7.2:
Axial compressor response to circumferentially propagating distortions / 12.7.3:
Nonlinear descriptions of compressor behavior in asymmetric flow / 12.8:
Non-axisymmetric flow in annular diffusers and compressor-component coupling / 12.9:
Quasi-two-dimensional description of non-axisymmetric flow in an annular diffuser / 12.9.1:
Features of the diffuser inlet static pressure field / 12.9.2:
Compressor-component coupling / 12.9.3:
Effects of flow non-uniformity on diffuser performance / 12.10:
Introduction to non-axisymmetric swirling flows / 12.11:
A simple approach for long length scale non-uniformity / 12.11.1:
Explicit forms of the velocity disturbances / 12.11.2:
Flow angle disturbances / 12.11.3:
Relations between stagnation pressure, static pressure, and flow angle disturbances / 12.11.4:
Overall features of non-axisymmetric swirling flow / 12.11.5:
A secondary flow approach to non-axisymmetric swirling flow / 12.11.6:
Preface
Acknowledgements
Conventions and nomenclature
54.

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Emmanuel Rosencher, P. G. Piva, Borge Vinter
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2002
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Preface
Quantum mechanics of the electron / 1:
Quantum mechanics of the photon / 2:
Quantum mechanics of the electron-photon interaction / 3:
Laser oscillations / 4:
Band structures of semiconductors / 5:
Electronic properties of semiconductors / 6:
Optical properties of semiconductors / 7:
Semiconductor heterostructures and quantum wells / 8:
Waveguides / 9:
A few building blocks for semiconductor devices / 10:
Semiconductor photodetectors / 11:
Optical frequency conversion in semiconductors / 12:
Light emitting diodes and laser diodes / 13:
Appendix
Preface
Quantum mechanics of the electron / 1:
Quantum mechanics of the photon / 2:
55.

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Marc De Graef
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2003
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Basic crystallography / 1:
Basic quantum mechanics / 2:
The transmission electron microscope / 3:
Getting started / 4:
Dynamical electron scattering in perfect crystals / 5:
Two-beam theory in defect-free crystals / 6:
Systematic row and zone axis orientations / 7:
Defects in crystals / 8:
Electron diffraction patterns / 9:
Phase contrast microscopy / 10:
Appendices
Basic crystallography / 1:
Basic quantum mechanics / 2:
The transmission electron microscope / 3:
56.

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B. V. K. Vijaya Kumar, Richard D. Juday, Abhijit Mahalanobis
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2005
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Introduction / 1:
Mathematical background / 2:
Linear systems and filtering theory / 3:
Detection and estimation / 4:
Correlation filter basics / 5:
Advanced correlation filters / 6:
Optical considerations / 7:
Limited-modulation filters / 8:
Correlation pattern recognition applications / 9:
References
Index
Preface
Applications of correlation filters
Introduction / 1:
Mathematical background / 2:
Linear systems and filtering theory / 3:
57.

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Gary Cloud
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1995
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Introduction
Light and interference / 1:
Classical interferometry / 2:
Photoelasticity theory / 3:
Basic applied photoelasticity / 4:
Photoelasticity methods and applications / 5:
Geometrical moire theory / 6:
In-plane motion and strain measurement / 7:
Moire mapping of slope, contour and displacement / 8:
Diffraction and Fourier optics / 9:
Moire with diffraction and Fourier optical processing / 10:
Procedures of moire analysis with optical processing / 11:
Principles of moire interferometry / 12:
A moire interferometer / 13:
Experimental methods in moire interferometry / 14:
Holographic interferometry theory / 15:
Holographic interferometry methods / 16:
Laser speckle and combinations of speckle fields / 17:
Speckle photography / 18:
Speckle correlation interferometry / 19:
Electronic speckle pattern interferometry / 20:
Phase shifting to improve interferometry. / 21:
Phase shifting to improve interferometry
Introduction
Light and interference / 1:
Classical interferometry / 2:
58.

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D. I. Bower, W. F. Maddams
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1989
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Symmetry and normal modes of vibration / 2:
The vibrational modes of polymers / 3:
Infrared and Raman spectra / 4:
The characterization of polymers / 5:
The microstructure of polymers / 6:
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Symmetry and normal modes of vibration / 2:
59.

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Keith Barnham, Dimitri Vvedensky
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2001
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Epitaxial growth of semiconductors / D. Vvedensky1:
Electrons in quantum semiconductor structures: an introduction / E. Johnson2:
Electrons in quantum semiconductor structures: more advanced systems and methods / 3:
Phonons in low-dimensional semiconductor structures / M. Blencowe4:
Localization and transport / A. MacKinnon5:
Electronic states and optical properties of quantum wells / J. Nelson6:
Nonlinear optics in low-dimensional semiconductors / C. Phillips7:
Semiconductor lasers / A. Khan ; P. Stavridou ; G. Parry8:
Mesoscopic devices / T. Thornton9:
High speed heterostructure devices / J. Harris10:
Epitaxial growth of semiconductors / D. Vvedensky1:
Electrons in quantum semiconductor structures: an introduction / E. Johnson2:
Electrons in quantum semiconductor structures: more advanced systems and methods / 3:
60.

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Alexander A. Fridman
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2008
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61.

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T. A. Delchar, D. P. Woodruff
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1994
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Introduction / 1:
Surface crystallography and diffraction / 2:
Electron spectroscopies / 3:
Incident ion techniques / 4:
Desorption spectroscopies / 5:
Tunnelling microscopy / 6:
Work function techniques / 7:
Atomic and molecular beam scattering / 8:
Vibrational spectroscopies / 9:
References
Introduction / 1:
Surface crystallography and diffraction / 2:
Electron spectroscopies / 3:
62.

電子ブック

EB
Kiyoshi Toko
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000
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Sensors and measurement / 1:
Chemical sensors / 2:
Biomimetic membrane devices / 3:
Biosensors / 4:
Odour sensors / 5:
Taste sensors / 6:
Other methods of measuring taste / 7:
Towards a sensor to reproduce human senses / 8:
Sensors and measurement / 1:
Chemical sensors / 2:
Biomimetic membrane devices / 3:
63.

電子ブック

EB
Robert J. Asaro, Vlado A. Lubarda
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2006
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Preface
Mathematical Preliminaries / Part 1:
Vectors and Tensors / 1:
Vector Algebra / 1.1:
Coordinate Transformation: Rotation of Axes / 1.2:
Second-Rank Tensors / 1.3:
Symmetric and Antisymmetric Tensors / 1.4:
Prelude to Invariants of Tensors / 1.5:
Inverse of a Tensor / 1.6:
Additional Proofs / 1.7:
Additional Lemmas for Vectors / 1.8:
Coordinate Transformation of Tensors / 1.9:
Some Identities with Indices / 1.10:
Tensor Product / 1.11:
Orthonormal Basis / 1.12:
Eigenvectors and Eigenvalues / 1.13:
Symmetric Tensors / 1.14:
Positive Definiteness of a Tensor / 1.15:
Antisymmetric Tensors / 1.16:
Orthogonal Tensors / 1.17:
Polar Decomposition Theorem / 1.18:
Polar Decomposition: Physical Approach / 1.19:
The Cayley-Hamilton Theorem / 1.20:
Additional Lemmas for Tensors / 1.21:
Identities and Relations Involving [down triangle, open] Operator / 1.22:
Suggested Reading / 1.23:
Basic Integral Theorems / 2:
Gauss and Stokes's Theorems / 2.1:
Vector and Tensor Fields: Physical Approach / 2.2:
Surface Integrals: Gauss Law / 2.3:
Evaluating Surface Integrals / 2.4:
The Divergence / 2.5:
Divergence Theorem: Relation of Surface to Volume Integrals / 2.6:
More on Divergence Theorem / 2.7:
Fourier Series and Fourier Integrals / 2.8:
Fourier Series / 3.1:
Double Fourier Series / 3.2:
Integral Transforms / 3.3:
Dirichlet's Conditions / 3.4:
Integral Theorems / 3.5:
Convolution Integrals / 3.6:
Fourier Transforms of Derivatives of f(x) / 3.7:
Fourier Integrals as Limiting Cases of Fourier Series / 3.8:
Dirac Delta Function / 3.9:
Continuum Mechanics / 3.10:
Kinematics of Continuum / 4:
Preliminaries / 4.1:
Uniaxial Strain / 4.2:
Deformation Gradient / 4.3:
Strain Tensor / 4.4:
Stretch and Normal Strains / 4.5:
Angle Change and Shear Strains / 4.6:
Infinitesimal Strains / 4.7:
Principal Stretches / 4.8:
Eigenvectors and Eigenvalues of Deformation Tensors / 4.9:
Volume Changes / 4.10:
Area Changes / 4.11:
Area Changes: Alternative Approach / 4.12:
Simple Shear of a Thick Plate with a Central Hole / 4.13:
Finite vs. Small Deformations / 4.14:
Reference vs. Current Configuration / 4.15:
Material Derivatives and Velocity / 4.16:
Velocity Gradient / 4.17:
Deformation Rate and Spin / 4.18:
Rate of Stretching and Shearing / 4.19:
Material Derivatives of Strain Tensors: E vs. D / 4.20:
Rate of F in Terms of Principal Stretches / 4.21:
Additional Connections Between Current and Reference State Representations / 4.22:
Transport Formulae / 4.23:
Material Derivatives of Volume, Area, and Surface Integrals: Transport Formulae Revisited / 4.24:
Analysis of Simple Shearing / 4.25:
Examples of Particle and Plane Motion / 4.26:
Rigid Body Motions / 4.27:
Behavior under Superposed Rotation / 4.28:
Kinetics of Continuum / 4.29:
Traction Vector and Stress Tensor / 5.1:
Equations of Equilibrium / 5.2:
Balance of Angular Momentum: Symmetry of [sigma] / 5.3:
Principal Values of Cauchy Stress / 5.4:
Maximum Shear Stresses / 5.5:
Nominal Stress / 5.6:
Equilibrium in the Reference State / 5.7:
Work Conjugate Connections / 5.8:
Stress Deviator / 5.9:
Frame Indifference / 5.10:
Continuity Equation and Equations of Motion / 5.11:
Stress Power / 5.12:
The Principle of Virtual Work / 5.13:
Generalized Clapeyron's Formula / 5.14:
Thermodynamics of Continuum / 5.15:
First Law of Thermodynamics: Energy Equation / 6.1:
Second Law of Thermodynamics: Clausius-Duhem Inequality / 6.2:
Reversible Thermodynamics / 6.3:
Thermodynamic Relationships with p, V, T, and s / 6.4:
Theoretical Calculations of Heat Capacity / 6.5:
Third Law of Thermodynamics / 6.6:
Irreversible Thermodynamics / 6.7:
Gibbs Conditions of Thermodynamic Equilibrium / 6.8:
Linear Thermoelasticity / 6.9:
Thermodynamic Potentials in Linear Thermoelasticity / 6.10:
Uniaxial Loading and Thermoelastic Effect / 6.11:
Thermodynamics of Open Systems: Chemical Potentials / 6.12:
Gibbs-Duhem Equation / 6.13:
Chemical Potentials for Binary Systems / 6.14:
Configurational Entropy / 6.15:
Ideal Solutions / 6.16:
Regular Solutions for Binary Alloys / 6.17:
Nonlinear Elasticity / 6.18:
Green Elasticity / 7.1:
Isotropic Green Elasticity / 7.2:
Constitutive Equations in Terms of B / 7.3:
Constitutive Equations in Terms of Principal Stretches / 7.4:
Incompressible Isotropic Elastic Materials / 7.5:
Elastic Moduli Tensors / 7.6:
Instantaneous Elastic Moduli / 7.7:
Elastic Pseudomoduli / 7.8:
Elastic Moduli of Isotropic Elasticity / 7.9:
Elastic Moduli in Terms of Principal Stretches / 7.10:
Linear Elasticity / 7.11:
Governing Equations of Linear Elasticity / 8:
Elementary Theory of Isotropic Linear Elasticity / 8.1:
Elastic Energy in Linear Elasticity / 8.2:
Restrictions on the Elastic Constants / 8.3:
Compatibility Relations / 8.4:
Compatibility Conditions: Cesaro Integrals / 8.5:
Beltrami-Michell Compatibility Equations / 8.6:
Navier Equations of Motion / 8.7:
Uniqueness of Solution to Linear Elastic Boundary Value Problem / 8.8:
Potential Energy and Variational Principle / 8.9:
Betti's Theorem of Linear Elasticity / 8.10:
Plane Strain / 8.11:
Governing Equations of Plane Elasticity / 8.12:
Thermal Distortion of a Simple Beam / 8.13:
Elastic Beam Problems / 8.14:
A Simple 2D Beam Problem / 9.1:
Polynomial Solutions to [down triangle, open superscript 4 phi] = 0 / 9.2:
A Simple Beam Problem Continued / 9.3:
Beam Problems with Body Force Potentials / 9.4:
Beam under Fourier Loading / 9.5:
Complete Boundary Value Problems for Beams / 9.6:
Solutions in Polar Coordinates / 9.7:
Polar Components of Stress and Strain / 10.1:
Plate with Circular Hole / 10.2:
Degenerate Cases of Solution in Polar Coordinates / 10.3:
Curved Beams: Plane Stress / 10.4:
Axisymmetric Deformations / 10.5:
Torsion and Bending of Prismatic Rods / 10.6:
Torsion of Prismatic Rods / 11.1:
Elastic Energy of Torsion / 11.2:
Torsion of a Rod with Rectangular Cross Section / 11.3:
Torsion of a Rod with Elliptical Cross Section / 11.4:
Torsion of a Rod with Multiply Connected Cross Sections / 11.5:
Bending of a Cantilever / 11.6:
Elliptical Cross Section / 11.7:
Semi-Infinite Media / 11.8:
Fourier Transform of Biharmonic Equation / 12.1:
Loading on a Half-Plane / 12.2:
Half-Plane Loading: Special Case / 12.3:
Symmetric Half-Plane Loading / 12.4:
Half-Plane Loading: Alternative Approach / 12.5:
Additional Half-Plane Solutions / 12.6:
Infinite Strip / 12.7:
Isotropic 3D Solutions / 12.8:
Displacement-Based Equations of Equilibrium / 13.1:
Boussinesq-Papkovitch Solutions / 13.2:
Spherically Symmetrical Geometries / 13.3:
Pressurized Sphere: Stress-Based Solution / 13.4:
Spherical Indentation / 13.5:
Point Forces on Elastic Half-Space / 13.6:
Anisotropic 3D Solutions / 13.7:
Point Force / 14.1:
Green's Function / 14.2:
Isotropic Green's Function / 14.3:
Plane Contact Problems / 14.4:
Wedge Problem / 15.1:
Distributed Contact Forces / 15.2:
Displacement-Based Contact: Rigid Flat Punch / 15.3:
Deformation of Plates / 15.4:
Stresses and Strains of Bent Plates / 16.1:
Energy of Bent Plates / 16.2:
Equilibrium Equations for a Plate / 16.3:
Shear Forces and Bending and Twisting Moments / 16.4:
Examples of Plate Deformation / 16.5:
Rectangular Plates / 16.6:
Micromechanics / 16.7:
Dislocations and Cracks: Elementary Treatment / 17:
Dislocations / 17.1:
Tensile Cracks / 17.2:
Dislocations in Anisotropic Media / 17.3:
Dislocation Character and Geometry / 18.1:
Dislocations in Isotropic Media / 18.2:
Planar Geometric Theorem / 18.3:
Applications of the Planar Geometric Theorem / 18.4:
A 3D Geometrical Theorem / 18.5:
Cracks in Anisotropic Media / 18.6:
Dislocation Mechanics: Reviewed / 19.1:
Freely Slipping Crack / 19.2:
Crack Extension Force / 19.3:
Crack Faces Loaded by Tractions / 19.4:
Stress Intensity Factors and Crack Extension Force / 19.5:
Crack Tip Opening Displacement / 19.6:
Dislocation Energy Factor Matrix / 19.7:
Inversion of a Singular Integral Equation / 19.8:
2D Anisotropic Elasticity - Stroh Formalism / 19.9:
The Inclusion Problem / 19.10:
The Problem / 20.1:
Eshelby's Solution Setup / 20.2:
Calculation of the Constrained Fields: u[superscript c], e[superscript c], and [sigma superscript c] / 20.3:
Components of the Eshelby Tensor for Ellipsoidal Inclusion / 20.4:
Elastic Energy of an Inclusion / 20.5:
Inhomogeneous Inclusion: Uniform Transformation Strain / 20.6:
Nonuniform Transformation Strain Inclusion Problem / 20.7:
Inclusions in Isotropic Media / 20.8:
Forces and Energy in Elastic Systems / 20.9:
Free Energy and Mechanical Potential Energy / 21.1:
Forces of Translation / 21.2:
Interaction Between Defects and Loading Mechanisms / 21.3:
Elastic Energy of a Dislocation / 21.4:
In-Plane Stresses of Straight Dislocation Lines / 21.5:
Chemical Potential / 21.6:
Applications of the J Integral / 21.7:
Micropolar Elasticity / 21.8:
Introduction / 22.1:
Basic Equations of Couple-Stress Elasticity / 22.2:
Displacement Equations of Equilibrium / 22.3:
Correspondence Theorem of Couple-Stress Elasticity / 22.4:
Plane Strain Problems of Couple-Stress Elasticity / 22.5:
Edge Dislocation in Couple-Stress Elasticity / 22.6:
Edge Dislocation in a Hollow Cylinder / 22.7:
Governing Equations for Antiplane Strain / 22.8:
Antiplane Shear of Circular Annulus / 22.9:
Screw Dislocation in Couple-Stress Elasticity / 22.10:
Configurational Forces in Couple-Stress Elasticity / 22.11:
Energy-Momentum Tensor of a Couple-Stress Field / 22.12:
Basic Equations of Micropolar Elasticity / 22.13:
Noether's Theorem of Micropolar Elasticity / 22.14:
Conservation Integrals in Micropolar Elasticity / 22.15:
Conservation Laws for Plane Strain Micropolar Elasticity / 22.16:
M Integral of Micropolar Elasticity / 22.17:
Thin Films and Interfaces / 22.18:
Dislocations in Bimaterials / 23:
Screw Dislocation Near a Bimaterial Interface / 23.1:
Edge Dislocation (b[subscript x]) Near a Bimaterial Interface / 23.3:
Edge Dislocation (b[subscript y]) Near a Bimaterial Interface / 23.4:
Strain Energy of a Dislocation Near a Bimaterial Interface / 23.5:
Strain Relaxation in Thin Films / 23.6:
Dislocation Array Beneath the Free Surface / 24.1:
Energy of a Dislocation Array / 24.2:
Strained-Layer Epitaxy / 24.3:
Conditions for Dislocation Array Formation / 24.4:
Frank and van der Merwe Energy Criterion / 24.5:
Gradual Strain Relaxation / 24.6:
Stability of Array Configurations / 24.7:
Stronger Stability Criteria / 24.8:
Further Stability Bounds / 24.9:
Stability of Planar Interfaces / 24.10:
Stressed Surface Problem / 25.1:
Surface Diffusion and Interface Stability / 25.2:
Volume Diffusion and Interface Stability / 25.4:
2D Surface Profiles and Surface Stability / 25.5:
Asymptotic Stresses for 1D Surface Profiles / 25.6:
Plasticity and Viscoplasticity / 25.7:
Phenomenological Plasticity / 26:
Yield Criteria for Multiaxial Stress States / 26.1:
Von Mises Yield Criterion / 26.2:
Tresca Yield Criterion / 26.3:
Mohr-Coulomb Yield Criterion / 26.4:
Gurson Yield Criterion for Porous Metals / 26.5:
Anisotropic Yield Criteria / 26.6:
Elastic-Plastic Constitutive Equations / 26.7:
Isotropic Hardening / 26.8:
Kinematic Hardening / 26.9:
Constitutive Equations for Pressure-Dependent Plasticity / 26.10:
Nonassociative Plasticity / 26.11:
Plastic Potential for Geomaterials / 26.12:
Rate-Dependent Plasticity / 26.13:
Deformation Theory of Plasticity / 26.14:
J[subscript 2] Corner Theory / 26.15:
Rate-Dependent Flow Theory / 26.16:
Elastic and Plastic Constitutive Contributions / 26.17:
A Rate Tangent Integration / 26.18:
Plastic Void Growth / 26.19:
Micromechanics of Crystallographic Slip / 26.20:
Early Observations / 27.1:
Other Strengthening Mechanisms / 27.2:
Measurements of Latent Hardening / 27.4:
Observations of Slip in Single Crystals and Polycrystals at Modest Strains / 27.5:
Deformation Mechanisms in Nanocrystalline Grains / 27.6:
Crystal Plasticity / 27.7:
Basic Kinematics / 28.1:
Stress and Stress Rates / 28.2:
Convected Elasticity / 28.3:
Rate-Dependent Slip / 28.4:
Crystalline Component Forms / 28.5:
The Nature of Crystalline Deformation: Localized Plastic Deformation / 28.6:
Perspectives on Nonuniform and Localized Plastic Flow / 29.1:
Localized Deformation in Single Slip / 29.2:
Localization in Multiple Slip / 29.3:
Numerical Results for Crystalline Deformation / 29.4:
Polycrystal Plasticity / 29.5:
Perspectives on Polycrystalline Modeling and Texture Development / 30.1:
Polycrystal Model / 30.2:
Extended Taylor Model / 30.3:
Model Calculational Procedure / 30.4:
Deformation Theories and Path-Dependent Response / 30.5:
Laminate Plasticity / 30.6:
Laminate Model / 31.1:
Additional Kinematical Perspective / 31.2:
Final Constitutive Forms / 31.3:
Biomechanics / 31.4:
Mechanics of a Growing Mass / 32:
Continuity Equation / 32.1:
Reynolds Transport Theorem / 32.3:
Momentum Principles / 32.4:
Energy Equation / 32.5:
Entropy Equation / 32.6:
General Constitutive Framework / 32.7:
Multiplicative Decomposition of Deformation Gradient / 32.8:
Density Expressions / 32.9:
Elastic Stress Response / 32.10:
Partition of the Rate of Deformation / 32.11:
Elastic Moduli Tensor / 32.12:
Elastic Strain Energy Representation / 32.13:
Evolution Equation for Stretch Ratio / 32.14:
Constitutive Relations for Membranes / 32.15:
Biological Membranes / 33.1:
Membrane Kinematics / 33.2:
Constitutive Laws for Membranes / 33.3:
Limited Area Compressibility / 33.4:
Simple Triangular Networks / 33.5:
Solved Problems / 33.6:
Solved Problems for Chapters 1-33 / 34:
Bibliography
Index
Mathematical Preliminaries: / Part I:
Vectors and tensors
Basic integral theorems
Fourier series and Fourier integrals
Continuum Mechanics: / Part II:
Kinematics of continuum
Kinetics of continuum
Thermodynamics of continuum
Nonlinear elasticity
Linear Elasticity: / Part III:
Governing equations
Elastic beam problems
Solutions in polar coordinates
Torsion and bending of prismatic rods
Semi-infinite media
Isotropic 3-D solutions
Anisotropic 3-D solutions
Plane contact problems
Deformation of plates
Micromechanics: / Part IV:
Dislocations and cracks: elementary treatment
Dislocations in anisotropic media
Cracks in anisotropic media
Forces and energy in elastic systems
Micropolar elasticity
Thin Films and Interfaces: / Part V:
Dislocations in biomaterials
Strain relaxation in thin films
Stability of planar interfaces
Plasticity and Viscoplasticity: / Part VI:
Phenomenological plasticity
Micromechanics of crystallographic slip
Crystal plasticity
The nature of crystalline deformation: localized plastic deformation
Polycrystal plasticity
Laminate plasticity
Biomechanics: / Part VII:
Mechanics of a growing mass
Constitutive relations for membranes
Solved Problems: / Part VIII:
Solved problems for chapters 1-33
Preface
Mathematical Preliminaries / Part 1:
Vectors and Tensors / 1:
64.

電子ブック

EB
John Joseph Gilman
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2003
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Introduction / Part I:
Elements of Solid Mechanics / Part II:
Nature of elastic stiffness / 1:
Generalized stress / 2:
Generalized strain / 3:
Elastic coefficients / 4:
Elements of Electron Mechanics / Part III:
Properties of electrons / 5:
Quantum states / 6:
Periodic patterns of electrons / 7:
Heisenberg's Principle / 8:
Elastic Stiffness / Part IV:
Cohesion of atoms / 9:
Intramolecular cohesion / 10:
Intermolecular cohesion / 11:
Bulk modulus / 12:
Shear moduli / 13:
Entropic elasticity (polymers) / 14:
Universality and unification / 15:
Plastic Strength / Part V:
Macroscopic plastic deformation / 16:
Microscopic plastic deformation / 17:
Dislocation mobility / 18:
Fracture Resistance / Part VI:
Mechanics of cracks / 19:
Surface and interfacial energies / 20:
Fracturing rates / 21:
Heisenberg's Principle
Introduction / Part I:
Elements of Solid Mechanics / Part II:
Nature of elastic stiffness / 1:
65.

電子ブック

EB
Michel Verhaegen, Vincent Verdult
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2007
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Preface
Notation and symbols
List of abbreviations
Introduction / 1:
Linear algebra / 2:
Vectors / 2.1:
Matrices / 2.3:
Square matrices / 2.4:
Matrix decompositions / 2.5:
Linear least-squares problems / 2.6:
Solution if the matrix F has full column rank / 2.6.1:
Solutions if the matrix F does not have full column rank / 2.6.2:
Weighted linear least-squares problems / 2.7:
Summary / 2.8:
Discrete-time signals and systems / 3:
Signals / 3.1:
Signal transforms / 3.3:
The z-transform / 3.3.1:
The discrete-time Fourier transform / 3.3.2:
Linear systems / 3.4:
Linearization / 3.4.1:
System response and stability / 3.4.2:
Controllability and observability / 3.4.3:
Input-output descriptions / 3.4.4:
Interaction between systems / 3.5:
Random variables and signals / 3.6:
Description of a random variable / 4.1:
Experiments and events / 4.2.1:
The probability model / 4.2.2:
Linear functions of a random variable / 4.2.3:
The expected value of a random variable / 4.2.4:
Gaussian random variables / 4.2.5:
Multiple random variables / 4.2.6:
Random signals / 4.3:
Expectations of random signals / 4.3.1:
Important classes of random signals / 4.3.2:
Stationary random signals / 4.3.3:
Ergodicity and time averages of random signals / 4.3.4:
Power spectra / 4.4:
Properties of least-squares estimates / 4.5:
The linear least-squares problem / 4.5.1:
The weighted linear least-squares problem / 4.5.2:
The stochastic linear least-squares problem / 4.5.3:
A square-root solution to the stochastic linear least-squares problem / 4.5.4:
Maximum-likelihood interpretation of the weighted linear least-squares problem / 4.5.5:
Kalman filtering / 4.6:
The asymptotic observer / 5.1:
The Kalman-filter problem / 5.3:
The Kalman filter and stochastic least squares / 5.4:
The Kalman filter and weighted least squares / 5.5:
A weighted least-squares problem formulation / 5.5.1:
The measurement update / 5.5.2:
The time update / 5.5.3:
The combined measurement-time update / 5.5.4:
The innovation form representation / 5.5.5:
Fixed-interval smoothing / 5.6:
The Kalman filter for LTI systems / 5.7:
The Kalman filter for estimating unknown inputs / 5.8:
Estimation of spectra and frequency-response functions / 5.9:
The discrete Fourier transform / 6.1:
Spectral leakage / 6.3:
The FFT algorithm / 6.4:
Estimation of signal spectra / 6.5:
Estimation of FRFs and disturbance spectra / 6.6:
Periodic input sequences / 6.6.1:
General input sequences / 6.6.2:
Estimating the disturbance spectrum / 6.6.3:
Output-error parametric model estimation / 6.7:
Problems in estimating parameters of an LTI state-space model / 7.1:
Parameterizing a MIMO LTI state-space model / 7.3:
The output normal form / 7.3.1:
The tridiagonal form / 7.3.2:
The output-error cost function / 7.4:
Numerical parameter estimation / 7.5:
The Gauss-Newton method / 7.5.1:
Regularization in the Gauss-Newton method / 7.5.2:
The steepest descent method / 7.5.3:
Gradient projection / 7.5.4:
Analyzing the accuracy of the estimates / 7.6:
Dealing with colored measurement noise / 7.7:
Weighted least squares / 7.7.1:
Prediction-error methods / 7.7.2:
Prediction-error parametric model estimation / 7.8:
Prediction-error methods for estimating state-space models / 8.1:
Parameterizing an innovation state-space model / 8.2.1:
The prediction-error cost function / 8.2.2:
Specific model parameterizations for SISO systems / 8.2.3:
The ARMAX and ARX model structures / 8.3.1:
The Box-Jenkins and output-error model structures / 8.3.2:
Qualitative analysis of the model bias for SISO systems / 8.4:
Estimation problems in closed-loop systems / 8.5:
Subspace model identification / 8.6:
Subspace model identification for deterministic systems / 9.1:
The data equation / 9.2.1:
Identification for autonomous systems / 9.2.2:
Identification using impulse input sequences / 9.2.3:
Identification using general input sequences / 9.2.4:
Subspace identification with white measurement noise / 9.3:
The use of instrumental variables / 9.4:
Subspace identification with colored measurement noise / 9.5:
Subspace identification with process and measurement noise / 9.6:
The PO-MOESP method / 9.6.1:
Subspace identification as a least-squares problem / 9.6.2:
Estimating the Kalman gain K[subscript T] / 9.6.3:
Relations among different subspace identification methods / 9.6.4:
Using subspace identification with closed-loop data / 9.7:
The system-identification cycle / 9.8:
Experiment design / 10.1:
Choice of sampling frequency / 10.2.1:
Transient-response analysis / 10.2.2:
Experiment duration / 10.2.3:
Persistency of excitation of the input sequence / 10.2.4:
Types of input sequence / 10.2.5:
Data pre-processing / 10.3:
Decimation / 10.3.1:
Detrending the data / 10.3.2:
Pre-filtering the data / 10.3.3:
Concatenating data sequences / 10.3.4:
Selection of the model structure / 10.4:
Delay estimation / 10.4.1:
Model-structure selection in ARMAX model estimation / 10.4.2:
Model-structure selection in subspace identification / 10.4.3:
Model validation / 10.5:
The auto-correlation test / 10.5.1:
The cross-correlation test / 10.5.2:
The cross-validation test / 10.5.3:
References / 10.6:
Index
Estimation of spectra and frequency response functions
The system identification cycle
Preface
Notation and symbols
List of abbreviations
66.

電子ブック

EB
T. J. Chung
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2002
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Preface
Preliminaries / Part 1:
Introduction / 1:
General / 1.1:
One-Dimensional Computations by Finite Difference Methods / 1.2:
One-Dimensional Computations by Finite Element Methods / 1.3:
One-Dimensional Computations by Finite Volume Methods / 1.4:
Neumann Boundary Conditions / 1.5:
Example Problems / 1.6:
Summary / 1.7:
References
Governing Equations / 2:
Classification of Partial Differential Equations / 2.1:
Navier-Stokes System of Equations / 2.2:
Boundary Conditions / 2.3:
Finite Difference Methods / 2.4:
Derivation of Finite Difference Equations / 3:
Simple Methods / 3.1:
General Methods / 3.2:
Higher Order Derivatives / 3.3:
Multidimensional Finite Difference Formulas / 3.4:
Mixed Derivatives / 3.5:
Nonuniform Mesh / 3.6:
Higher Order Accuracy Schemes / 3.7:
Accuracy of Finite Difference Solutions / 3.8:
Solution Methods of Finite Difference Equations / 3.9:
Elliptic Equations / 4.1:
Parabolic Equations / 4.2:
Hyperbolic Equations / 4.3:
Burgers' Equation / 4.4:
Algebraic Equation Solvers and Sources of Errors / 4.5:
Coordinate Transformation for Arbitrary Geometries / 4.6:
Incompressible Viscous Flows via Finite Difference Methods / 4.7:
Artificial Compressibility Method / 5.1:
Pressure Correction Methods / 5.3:
Vortex Methods / 5.4:
Compressible Flows via Finite Difference Methods / 5.5:
Potential Equation / 6.1:
Euler Equations / 6.2:
Preconditioning Process for Compressible and Incompressible Flows / 6.3:
Flowfield-Dependent Variation Methods / 6.5:
Other Methods / 6.6:
Finite Volume Methods via Finite Difference Methods / 6.7:
Two-Dimensional Problems / 7.1:
Three-Dimensional Problems / 7.3:
FVM-FDV Formulation / 7.4:
Finite Element Methods / 7.5:
Introduction to Finite Element Methods / 8:
Finite Element Formulations / 8.1:
Definitions of Errors / 8.3:
Finite Element Interpolation Functions / 8.4:
One-Dimensional Elements / 9.1:
Two-Dimensional Elements / 9.3:
Three-Dimensional Elements / 9.4:
Axisymmetric Ring Elements / 9.5:
Lagrange and Hermite Families and Convergence Criteria / 9.6:
Linear Problems / 9.7:
Steady-State Problems--Standard Galerkin Methods / 10.1:
Transient Problems--Generalized Galerkin Methods / 10.2:
Solutions of Finite Element Equations / 10.3:
Nonlinear Problems/Convection-Dominated Flows / 10.4:
Boundary and Initial Conditions / 11.1:
Generalized Galerkin Methods and Taylor-Galerkin Methods / 11.2:
Numerical Diffusion Test Functions / 11.3:
Generalized Petrov-Galerkin (GPG) Methods / 11.4:
Solutions of Nonlinear and Time-Dependent Equations and Element-by-Element Approach / 11.5:
Incompressible Viscous Flows via Finite Element Methods / 11.6:
Primitive Variable Methods / 12.1:
Compressible Flows via Finite Element Methods / 12.2:
Taylor-Galerkin Methods and Generalized Galerkin Methods / 13.1:
Generalized Petrov-Galerkin Methods / 13.3:
Characteristic Galerkin Methods / 13.4:
Discontinuous Galerkin Methods or Combined FEM/FDM/FVM Methods / 13.5:
Miscellaneous Weighted Residual Methods / 13.6:
Spectral Element Methods / 14.1:
Least Squares Methods / 14.2:
Finite Point Method (FPM) / 14.3:
Finite Volume Methods via Finite Element Methods / 14.4:
Formulations of Finite Volume Equations / 15.1:
Relationships between Finite Differences and Finite Elements and Other Methods / 15.3:
Simple Comparisons between FDM and FEM / 16.1:
Relationships between FDM and FDV / 16.2:
Relationships between FEM and FDV / 16.3:
Automatic Grid Generation, Adaptive Methods, and Computing Techniques / 16.4:
Structured Grid Generation / 17:
Algebraic Methods / 17.1:
PDE Mapping Methods / 17.2:
Surface Grid Generation / 17.3:
Multiblock Structured Grid Generation / 17.4:
Unstructured Grid Generation / 17.5:
Delaunay-Voronoi Methods / 18.1:
Advancing Front Methods / 18.2:
Combined DVM and AFM / 18.3:
Three-Dimensional Applications / 18.4:
Other Approaches / 18.5:
Adaptive Methods / 18.6:
Structured Adaptive Methods / 19.1:
Unstructured Adaptive Methods / 19.2:
Computing Techniques / 19.3:
Domain Decomposition Methods / 20.1:
Multigrid Methods / 20.2:
Parallel Processing / 20.3:
Applications / 20.4:
Applications to Turbulence / 21:
Turbulence Models / 21.1:
Large Eddy Simulation / 21.4:
Direct Numerical Simulation / 21.5:
Solution Methods and Initial and Boundary Conditions / 21.6:
Applications to Chemically Reactive Flows and Combustion / 21.7:
Governing Equations in Reactive Flows / 22.1:
Chemical Equilibrium Computations / 22.3:
Chemistry-Turbulence Interaction Models / 22.4:
Hypersonic Reactive Flows / 22.5:
Applications to Acoustics / 22.6:
Pressure Mode Acoustics / 23.1:
Vorticity Mode Acoustics / 23.3:
Entropy Mode Acoustics / 23.4:
Applications to Combined Mode Radiative Heat Transfer / 23.5:
Radiative Heat Transfer in Nonparticipating Media / 24.1:
Radiative Heat Transfer in Participating Media / 24.3:
Applications to Multiphase Flows / 24.4:
Volume of Fluid Formulation with Continuum Surface Force / 25.1:
Fluid-Particle Mixture Flows / 25.3:
Applications to Electromagnetic Flows / 25.4:
Magnetohydrodynamics / 26.1:
Rarefied Gas Dynamics / 26.2:
Semiconductor Plasma Processing / 26.3:
Applications to Relativistic Astrophysical Flows / 26.4:
Governing Equations in Relativistic Fluid Dynamics / 27.1:
Appendixes / 27.3:
Three-Dimensional Flux Jacobians / Appendix A:
Gaussian Quadrature / Appendix B:
Two Phase Flow - Source Term Jacobians for Surface Tension / Appendix C:
Relativistic Astrophysical Flow Metrics, Christoffel Symbols, and FDV Flux and Source Term Jacobians / Appendix D:
Index
Governing equations / Part I:
Derivation of finite difference equations / Part II:
Solution methods of finite difference equations
Incompressible viscous flows via Finite Difference Methods
Compressible flows via Finite Difference Methods
Finite volume methods via Finite Difference Methods
Introduction to finite element methods / Part III:
Finite element interpolation functions
Linear problems
Nonlinear problems/convection-dominated flows
Incompressible viscous flows via Finite Element Methods
Compressible flows via Finite Element Methods
Miscellaneous weighted residual methods
Finite volume methods via Finite Element Methods
Relationships between finite differences and finite elements and other methods
Automatic / Grid Generation ; Adaptive Methods ; Computing TechniquesPart IV:
Structured grid generation
Unstructured grid generation
Adaptive methods
Computing techniques
Applications to turbulence / Part V:
Applications to chemically reactive flows and combustion
Applications to acoustics
Applications to combined mode radiative heat transfer
Applications to multiphase flows
Applications to electromagnetic flows
Applications to relativistic astrophysical flows
Appendices
Automatic Grid Generation, Adaptive Methods and Computing Techniques
Preface
Preliminaries / Part 1:
Introduction / 1:
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Culbert B. Laney
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Ranjan Vepa
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Preface
Acronyms
The Robot / 1:
Robotics: An Introduction / 1.1:
Robot-Manipulator Fundamentals and Components / 1.2:
From Kinematic Pairs to the Kinematics of Mechanisms / 1.3:
Novel Mechanisms / 1.4:
Rack-and-Pinion Mechanism / 1.4.1:
Pawl-and-Ratchet Mechanism / 1.4.2:
Pantograph / 1.4.3:
Quick-Return Mechanisms / 1.4.4:
Ackermann Steering Gear / 1.4.5:
Sun and Planet Epicyclic Gear Train / 1.4.6:
Universal Joints / 1.4.7:
Spatial Mechanisms and Manipulators / 1.5:
Meet Professor da Vinci the Surgeon, PUMA, and SCARA / 1.6:
Back to the Future / 1.7:
Exercises
Biomimetic Mechanisms / 2:
Introduction / 2.1:
Principles of Legged Locomotion / 2.2:
Inchworm Locomotion / 2.2.1:
Walking Machines / 2.2.2:
Autonomous Footstep Planning / 2.2.3:
Imitating Animals / 2.3:
Principles of Bird Flight / 2.3.1:
Mechanisms based on Bird Flight / 2.3.2:
Swimming Like a Fish / 2.3.3:
Biomimetic Sensors and Actuators / 2.4:
Action Potentials / 2.4.1:
Measurement and Control of Cellular Action Potentials / 2.4.2:
Bionic Limbs: Interfacing Artificial Limbs to Living Cells / 2.4.3:
Artificial Muscles: Flexible Muscular Motors / 2.4.4:
Prosthetic Control of Artificial Muscles / 2.4.5:
Applications in Computer-Aided Surgery and Manufacture / 2.5:
Steady Hands: Active Tremor Compensation / 2.5.1:
Design of Scalable Robotic Surgical Devices / 2.5.2:
Robotic Needle Placement and Two-Hand Suturing / 2.5.3:
Homogeneous Transformations and Screw Motions / 3:
General Rigid Motions in Two Dimensions / 3.1:
Instantaneous Centers of Rotation / 3.1.1:
Rigid Body Motions in Three Dimensions: Definition of Pose / 3.2:
Homogeneous Coordinates: Transformations of Position and Orientation / 3.2.1:
General Motions of Rigid Frames in Three Dimensions: Frames with Pose / 3.3:
The Denavit-Hartenberg Decomposition / 3.3.1:
Instantaneous Axis of Screw Motion / 3.3.2:
A Screw from a Twist / 3.3.3:
Direct Kinematics of Serial Robot Manipulators / 4:
Definition of Direct or Forward Kinematics / 4.1:
The Denavit-Hartenberg Convention / 4.2:
Planar Anthropomorphic Manipulators / 4.3:
Planar Nonanthropomorphic Manipulators / 4.4:
Kinematics of Wrists / 4.5:
Direct Kinematics of Two Industrial Manipulators / 4.6:
Manipulators with Multiple Postures and Compositions / 5:
Inverse Kinematics of Robot Manipulators / 5.1:
The Nature of Inverse Kinematics: Postures / 5.1.1:
Some Practical Examples / 5.1.2:
Parallel Manipulators: Compositions / 5.2:
Parallel Spatial Manipulators: The Stewart Platform / 5.2.1:
Workspace of a Manipulator / 5.3:
Grasping: Mechanics and Constraints / Exercises:
Forces and Moments / 6.1:
Definition of a Wrench / 6.2:
Mechanics of Gripping / 6.3:
Transformation of Forces and Moments / 6.4:
Compliance / 6.5:
Passive and Active Compliance / 6.5.1:
Constraints: Natural and Artificial / 6.5.2:
Hybrid Control / 6.5.3:
Jacobians / 7:
Differential Motion / 7.1:
Velocity Kinematics / 7.1.1:
Translational Velocities and Acceleration / 7.1.2:
Angular Velocities / 7.1.3:
Definition of a Screw Vector: Instantaneous Screws / 7.2:
Duality with the Wrench / 7.2.1:
Transformation of a Compliant Body Wrench / 7.2.2:
The Jacobian and the Inverse Jacobian / 7.3:
The Mobility Criterion: Over constrained Mechanisms / 7.3.1:
Singularities: Physical Interpretation / 7.3.2:
Manipulability: Putting Redundant Mechanisms to Work / 7.3.3:
Computing the Inverse Kinematics: The Lyapunov Approach / 7.3.4:
Newtonian, Eulerian, and Lagrangian Dynamics / 8:
Newtonian and Eulerian Mechanics / 8.1:
Kinetics of Screw Motion: The Newton-Euler Equations / 8.1.1:
Moments of Inertia / 8.1.2:
Dynamics of a Link's Moment of Inertia / 8.1.3:
Recursive Form of the Newton-Euler Equations / 8.1.4:
Lagrangian Dynamics of Manipulators / 8.2:
Forward and Inverse Dynamics / 8.2.1:
The Principle of Virtual Work / 8.3:
Path Planning, Obstacle Avoidance, and Navigation / 9:
Fundamentals of Trajectory Following / 9.1:
Path Planning: Trajectory Generation / 9.1.1:
Splines, Bezier Curves, and Bernstein Polynomials / 9.1.2:
Dynamic Path Planning / 9.2:
Obstacle Avoidance / 9.3:
Inertial Measuring and Principles of Position and Orientation Fixing / 9.4:
Gyro-Free Inertial Measuring Units / 9.4.1:
Error Dynamics of Position and Orientation / 9.4.2:
Hamiltonian Systems and Feedback Linearization / 10:
Dynamical Systems of the Liouville Type / 10.1:
Hamilton's Equations of Motion / 10.1.1:
Passivity of Hamiltonian Dynamics / 10.1.2:
Hamilton's Principle / 10.1.3:
Contact Transformation / 10.2:
Hamilton-Jacobi Theory / 10.2.1:
Significance of the Hamiltonian Representations / 10.2.2:
Canonical Representations of the Dynamics / 10.3:
Lie Algebras / 10.3.1:
Feedback Linearization / 10.3.2:
Partial State-Feedback Linearization / 10.3.3:
Involutive Transformations / 10.3.4:
Applications of Feedback Linearization / 10.4:
Optimal Control of Hamiltonian and Near-Hamiltonian Systems / 10.5:
Dynamics of Nonholonomic Systems / 10.6:
The Bicycle / 10.6.1:
Robot Control / 11:
Adaptive and Model-Based Control / 11.1:
Taxonomies of Control Strategies / 11.1.2:
Human-Centered Control Methods / 11.1.3:
Robot-Control Tasks / 11.1.4:
Robot-Control Implementations / 11.1.5:
Controller Partitioning and Feedforward / 11.1.6:
Independent Joint Control / 11.1.7:
HAL, Do You Understand JAVA? / 11.2:
Robot Sensing and Perception / 11.3:
Biomimetic Motive Propulsion / 12:
Dynamics and Balance of Walking Biped Robots / 12.1:
Dynamic Model for Walking / 12.2.1:
Dynamic Balance during Walking: The Zero-Moment Point / 12.2.2:
Half-Model for a Quadruped Robot: Dynamics and Control / 12.2.3:
Modeling Bird Flight: Robot Manipulators in Free Flight / 12.3:
Dynamics of a Free-Flying Space Robot / 12.3.1:
Controlling a Free-Flying Space Robot / 12.3.2:
Flapping Propulsion of Aerial Vehicles / 12.4:
Unsteady Aerodynamics of an Aerofoil / 12.4.1:
Generation of Thrust / 12.4.2:
Controlled Flapping for Flight Vehicles / 12.4.3:
Underwater Propulsion and Its Control / 12.5:
Answers to Selected Exercises
Appendix: Attitude and Quaternions
Bibliography
Index
Preface
Acronyms
The Robot / 1:
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Martin Maier
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Preface
Introduction
Historical overview of optical networks / 1:
Optical switching networks / 2:
Building blocks / 3:
Summary / 4:
Optical Wide Area Networks: Overview / Part II:
Generalized multiprotocol label switching / 5:
Waveband switching / 6:
Photonic slot routing / 7:
Optical flow switching / 8:
Optical burst switching / 9:
Optical packet switching / 10:
Optical Metropolitan Area Networks: Overview / Part III:
Resilient packet ring / 11:
WDM ring networks / 12:
Ringostar / 13:
Optical Access and Local Area Networks: Overview / Part IV:
EPON / 14:
WDM EPON / 15:
Stargate / 16:
Gigabit ethernet / 17:
Radio-over-fiber networks / 18:
Testbeds / Part V:
What worked and what didn't / 19:
Testbed activities / 20:
Bibliography / 21:
Index.
Preface
Introduction
Historical overview of optical networks / 1:
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Roderic S. Lakes
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Introduction: phenomena / 1:
Constitutive relations / 2:
Dynamic behavior / 3:
Conceptual structure of linear viscoelasticity / 4:
Viscoelastic stress and deformation analysis / 5:
Experimental methods / 6:
Viscoelastic properties of materials / 7:
Casual mechanics / 8:
Viscoelastic composite materials / 9:
Applications and case studies / 10:
Introduction: phenomena / 1:
Constitutive relations / 2:
Dynamic behavior / 3:
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Bhaskar Krishnamachari
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Introduction / 1:
Network deployment / 2:
Localization / 3:
Time synchronization / 4:
Wireless characteristics / 5:
Medium access and sleep scheduling / 6:
Sleep-based topology control / 7:
Energy-efficient and robust routing / 8:
Data-Centric networking / 9:
Transport reliability and congestion control / 10:
Conclusions / 11:
Introduction / 1:
Network deployment / 2:
Localization / 3:
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H. J. Trussell, M. J. Vrhel, Michael J. Vrhel
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Mathematical representation / 2:
Elementary display of images / 3:
Quantization / 4:
Frequency domain representation / 5:
Spatial sampling / 6:
Image characteristics / 7:
Photometry and colorimetry / 8:
Color sampling / 9:
Image input devices / 10:
Image output devices and methods / 11:
Characterization of devices / 12:
Estimation of image model parameters / 13:
Image restoration / 14:
Generalized functions (singularity operators) / Appendices: A:
Digital image manipulation and matrix representation / B:
Stochastic images / C:
Multidimensional look-up-tables / D:
Psychovisual properties / E:
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Mathematical representation / 2:
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James E. Mark, Burak Erman
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2007
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Preface to the first edition
Preface to the second edition
Fundamentals / Part I:
Introduction / 1:
Some rubberlike materials / 2:
The single molecule: theory and experiment / 3:
Preparation and structure of networks / 4:
Elementary statistical theory for idealized networks / 5:
Statistical theory for real networks / 6:
Elastic equations of state and force-deformation relations / 7:
Swelling of networks and volume phase transitions / 8:
Force as a function of temperature / 9:
Model elastomers / 10:
Additional topics / Part II:
Networks prepared under unusual conditions / 11:
Strain-induced crystallization and ultimate properties / 12:
Multimodal networks / 13:
Birefringence and segmental orientation / 14:
Neutron scattering from networks / 15:
Liquid-crystalline elastomers / 16:
Bioelastomers / 17:
Filled elastomers / 18:
Current problems and new directions / 19:
Relationships between v, ξ and Mc / Appendix A:
Relationships between <$$$>, and φ / Appendix B:
Equations of state for miscellaneous deformations form the constrained junction theory / Appendix C:
Thermodynamics of the relationship of stress to temperature / Appendix D:
Problems
Answers to problems
Some publications describing laboratory/classroom experiments or demonstrations
References
Index
Preface to the first edition
Preface to the second edition
Fundamentals / Part I:
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Ross Baldick
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List of illustrations
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Goals / 1.1:
Course plans / 1.2:
Model formulation and development / 1.3:
Overview / 1.4:
Pre-requisites / 1.5:
Problems, algorithms, and solutions / 2:
Decision vector / 2.1:
Simultaneous equations / 2.2:
Optimization / 2.3:
Algorithms / 2.4:
Solutions of simultaneous equations / 2.5:
Solutions of optimization problems / 2.6:
Sensitivity and large change analysis / 2.7:
Summary / 2.8:
Transformation of problems / 3:
Objective / 3.1:
Variables / 3.2:
Constraints / 3.3:
Duality / 3.4:
Linear simultaneous equations / 3.5:
Case studies / 4:
Analysis of a direct current linear circuit / 4.1:
Control of a discrete-time linear system / 4.2:
Inversion of coefficient matrix / 5:
Solution of triangular systems / 5.2:
Solution of square, non-singular systems / 5.3:
Symmetric coefficient matrix / 5.4:
Sparsity techniques / 5.5:
Changes / 5.6:
Ill-conditioning / 5.7:
Non-square systems / 5.8:
Iterative methods / 5.9:
Non-linear simultaneous equations / 5.10:
Analysis of a non-linear direct current circuit / 6:
Analysis of an electric power system / 6.2:
Newton-Raphson method / 7:
Variations on the Newton-Raphson method / 7.2:
Local convergence of iterative methods / 7.3:
Globalization procedures / 7.4:
Solution of the case studies / 7.5:
Unconstrained optimization / 8.1:
Multi-variate linear regression / 9:
Power system state estimation / 9.2:
Optimality conditions / 10:
Approaches to finding minimizers / 10.2:
Sensitivity / 10.3:
Equality-constrained optimization / 10.4:
Least-cost production / 12:
Power system state estimation with zero injection buses / 12.2:
Algorithms for linear constraints / 13:
Convex problems / 13.1:
Solution of the least-cost production case study / 13.3:
Algorithms for non-linear constraints / 13.6:
Geometry and analysis of constraints / 14.1:
Solution of the zero injection bus case study / 14.2:
Inequality-constrained optimization / 14.6:
Least-cost production with capacity constraints / 15:
Optimal routing in a data communications network / 15.2:
Least absolute value estimation / 15.3:
Optimal margin pattern classification / 15.4:
Sizing of interconnects in integrated circuits / 15.5:
Optimal power flow / 15.6:
Algorithms for non-negativity constraints / 16:
Approaches to finding minimizers: active set method / 16.1:
Approaches to finding minimizers: interior point algorithm / 16.4:
Solution of the linearly constrained case studies / 16.5:
Solution of the non-linearly constrained case studies / 18.1:
References / 20.1:
Index
Appendices (downloadable from www.cambridge.org)
Mathematical preliminaries / Appendix A:
Notation / A.1:
Types of functions / A.2:
Norms / A.3:
Limits / A.4:
Sets / A.5:
Properties of matrices / A.6:
Special results / A.7:
Proofs of theorems / Appendix B:
Algorithms for linear simultaneous equations / B.1:
Algorithms for non-linear simultaneous equations / B.3:
Algorithms for linear equality-constrained minimization / B.4:
Algorithms for linear inequality-constrained minimization / B.5:
Algorithms for non-linear inequality-constrained minimization / B.6:
Problems, algorithms and solutions
Case Studies
Appendices
rUnconstrained optimization
List of illustrations
Preface
Introduction / 1:
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Bruce K. Donaldson, Michael J. Rycroft
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Preface for the Student
Preface for the Instructor
Acknowledgments
List of Symbols
The Lagrange Equations of Motion / 1:
Introduction / 1.1:
Newton's Laws of Motion / 1.2:
Newton's Equations for Rotations / 1.3:
Simplifications for Rotations / 1.4:
Conservation Laws / 1.5:
Generalized Coordinates / 1.6:
Virtual Quantities and the Variational Operator / 1.7:
The Lagrange Equations / 1.8:
Kinetic Energy / 1.9:
Summary / 1.10:
Exercises / Chapter 1:
Further Explanation of the Variational Operator / Endnote 1:
Kinetic Energy and Energy Dissipation / Endnote 2:
A Rigid Body Dynamics Example Problem / Endnote 3:
Mechanical Vibrations: Practice Using the Lagrange Equations / 2:
Techniques of Analysis for Pendulum Systems / 2.1:
Example Problems / 2.3:
Interpreting Solutions to Pendulum Equations / 2.4:
Linearizing Differential Equations for Small Deflections / 2.5:
**Conservation of Energy versus the Lagrange Equations** / 2.6:
**Nasty Equations of Motion** / 2.8:
**Stability of Vibratory Systems** / 2.9:
The Large-Deflection, Simple Pendulum Solution / Chapter 2:
Divergence and Flutter in Multidegree of Freedom, Force Free Systems
Review of the Basics of the Finite Element Method for Simple Elements / 3:
Generalized Coordinates for Deformable Bodies / 3.1:
Element and Global Stiffness Matrices / 3.3:
More Beam Element Stiffness Matrices / 3.4:
A Simple Two-Dimensional Finite Element / 3.5:
The Curved Beam Finite Element
FEM Equations of Motion for Elastic Systems / 4:
Structural Dynamic Modeling / 4.1:
Isolating Dynamic from Static Loads / 4.3:
Finite Element Equations of Motion for Structures / 4.4:
Finite Element Example Problems / 4.5:
**Offset Elastic Elements** / 4.6:
Mass Refinement Natural Frequency Results / Chapter 4:
The Rayleigh Quotient
The Matrix Form of the Lagrange Equations
The Consistent Mass Matrix / Endnote 4:
A Beam Cross Section with Equal Bending and Twisting Stiffness Coefficients / Endnote 5:
Damped Structural Systems / 5:
Descriptions of Damping Forces / 5.1:
The Response of a Viscously Damped Oscillator to a Harmonic Loading / 5.3:
Equivalent Viscous Damping / 5.4:
Measuring Damping / 5.5:
Harmonic Excitation of Multidegree of Freedom Systems / 5.6:
A Real Function Solution to a Harmonic Input / 5.8:
Natural Frequencies and Mode Shapes / 6:
Natural Frequencies by the Determinant Method / 6.1:
Mode Shapes by Use of the Determinant Method / 6.3:
**Repeated Natural Frequencies** / 6.4:
Orthogonality and the Expansion Theorem / 6.5:
The Matrix Iteration Method / 6.6:
**Higher Modes by Matrix Iteration** / 6.7:
Other Eigenvalue Problem Procedures / 6.8:
**Modal Tuning** / 6.9:
Linearly Independent Quantities / Chapter 6:
The Cholesky Decomposition
Constant Momentum Transformations
Illustration of Jacobi's Method
The Gram-Schmidt Process for Creating Orthogonal Vectors
The Modal Transformation / 7:
Initial Conditions / 7.1:
Harmonic Loading Revisited / 7.3:
Impulsive and Sudden Loadings / 7.5:
The Modal Solution for a General Type of Loading / 7.6:
Random Vibration Analyses / 7.7:
Selecting Mode Shapes and Solution Convergence / 7.9:
**Aeroelasticity** / 7.10:
**Response Spectrums** / 7.12:
Verification of the Duhamel Integral Solution / Chapter 7:
A Rayleigh Analysis Example
An Example of the Accuracy of Basic Strip Theory
Nonlinear Vibrations
Continuous Dynamic Models / 8:
Derivation of the Beam Bending Equation / 8.1:
Modal Frequencies and Mode Shapes for Continuous Models / 8.3:
Conclusion / 8.4:
The Long Beam and Thin Plate Differential Equations / Chapter 8:
Derivation of the Beam Equation of Motion Using Hamilton's Principle
Sturm-Liouvilie Problems
The Bessel Equation and Its Solutions
Nonhomogeneous Boundary Conditions
Numerical Integration of the Equations of Motion / 9:
The Finite Difference Method / 9.1:
Assumed Acceleration Techniques / 9.3:
Predictor-Corrector Methods / 9.4:
The Runge-Kutta Method / 9.5:
**Matrix Function Solutions** / 9.6:
Answers to Exercises / Chapter 9:
Solutions
Fourier Transform Pairs / Appendix II:
Introduction to Fourier Transforms / 11.1:
Index
Preface for student
Preface for instructor
The Lagrange equations of motion
Mechanical vibrations: practice using the Lagrange equations
Review of the basics of the finite element method for simple elements
FEM equations of motion for elastic systems
Damped structural systems
Natural frequencies and mode shapes
The modal transformation
Continuous dynamic models
Numerical integration of the equations
Preface for the Student
Preface for the Instructor
Acknowledgments
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Ahmed A. Shabana
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Introduction / 1:
Reference kinematics / 2:
Analytical techniques / 3:
Mechanics of deformable bodies / 4:
Floating frame of reference formulation / 5:
Finite element formulation / 6:
Large deformation problem / 7:
Appendix. Linear algebra
References
Index
Preface
Multibody Systems / 1.1:
Reference Frames / 1.2:
Particle Mechanics / 1.3:
Rigid Body Mechanics / 1.4:
Deformable Bodies / 1.5:
Constrained Motion / 1.6:
Computer Formulation and Coordinate Selection / 1.7:
Objectives and Scope of This Book / 1.8:
Reference Kinematics
Rotation Matrix / 2.1:
Properties of the Rotation Matrix / 2.2:
Successive Rotations / 2.3:
Velocity Equations / 2.4:
Accelerations and Important Identities / 2.5:
Rodriguez Parameters / 2.6:
Euler Angles / 2.7:
Direction Cosines / 2.8:
The 4 × 4 Transformation Matrix / 2.9:
Relationship between Different Orientation Coordinates / 2.10:
Problems
Analytical Techniques
Generalized Coordinates and Kinematic Constraints / 3.1:
Degrees of Freedom and Generalized Coordinate Partitioning / 3.2:
Virtual Work and Generalized Forces / 3.3:
Lagrangian Dynamics / 3.4:
Application to Rigid Body Dynamics / 3.5:
Calculus of Variations / 3.6:
Euler's Equation in the Case of Several Variables / 3.7:
Equations of Motion of Rigid Body Systems / 3.8:
Newton-Euler Equations / 3.9:
Concluding Remarks / 3.10:
Mechanics of Deformable Bodies
Kinematics of Deformable Bodies / 4.1:
Strain Components / 4.2:
Physical Interpretation of Strains / 4.3:
Rigid Body Motion / 4.4:
Stress Components / 4.5:
Equations of Equilibrium / 4.6:
Constitutive Equations / 4.7:
Virtual Work of the Elastic Forces / 4.8:
Floating Frame of Reference Formulation
Kinematic Description / 5.1:
Inertia of Deformable Bodies / 5.2:
Generalized Forces / 5.3:
Kinematic Constraints / 5.4:
Equations of Motion / 5.5:
Coupling between Reference and Elastic Displacements / 5.6:
Application to a Multibody System / 5.7:
Use of Independent Coordinates / 5.8:
Dynamic Equations with Multipliers / 5.9:
Generalized Coordinate Partitioning / 5.10:
Organization of Multibody Computer Programs / 5.11:
Numerical Algorithms / 5.12:
Finite-Element Formulation
Element Shape Functions / 6.1:
Reference Conditions / 6.2:
Kinetic Energy / 6.3:
Generalized Elastic Forces / 6.4:
Characterization of Planar Elastic Systems / 6.5:
Characterization of Spatial Elastic Systems / 6.6:
Coordinate Reduction / 6.7:
The Floating Frame of Reference and Large Deformation Problem / 6.8:
The Large Deformation Problem
Background / 7.1:
Absolute Nodal Coordinate Formulation / 7.2:
Formulation of the Stiffness Matrix / 7.3:
Relationship to the Floating Frame of Reference Formulation / 7.4:
Coordinate Transformation / 7.6:
Consistent Mass Formulation / 7.7:
The Velocity Transformation Matrix / 7.8:
Lumped Mass Formulation / 7.9:
Extension of the Method / 7.10:
Comparison with Large Rotation Vector Formulation / 7.11:
Appendix: Linear Algebra
Matrix Algebra / A.1:
Eigenvalue Analysis / A.2:
Vector Spaces / A.3:
Chain Rule of Differentiation / A.4:
Principle of Mathematical Induction / A.5:
Introduction / 1:
Reference kinematics / 2:
Analytical techniques / 3:
77.

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Xiangyang Li
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2008
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78.

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EB
H. Bölcskei, D. Gesbert, C. B. Papadias, A.-J. van der Veen
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Introduction
List of contributors
Multiantenna Basics / Part I:
Propagation aspects of MIMO channel modeling / J. Bach Andersen1:
Beamforming techniques / J. Winters2:
Diversity in wireless systems / A. F. Naguib ; A. R. Calderbank3:
Fundamentals of MIMO channel capacity / E. Biglieri4:
Multiantenna capacity: myths realities / A. Lozano ; A. M. Tulino ; S. Verdú5:
The role of feedback, CSI, and coherence in MIMO systems / G. Barriac ; N. Jacobsen ; U. Madhow6:
Space-time Modulation and Coding / Part II:
Introduction to space-time codes / 7:
Perspectives on the diversity-multiplexing trade-off in MIMO systems / H. Yao ; L. Zheng ; G. W. Wornell8:
Linear precoding for MIMO channels / A. Scaglione9:
Space-time coding for noncoherent channels / J.-C. Belfiore ; A. M. Cipriano10:
Space-time coding for time- and frequency-selective MIMO / channels X. Ma ; G. B. Giannakis11:
Receiver Algorithms and Parameter Estimation / Part III:
Array signal processing / A. B. Gershman12:
Optimal subspace techniques for DOA estimation / M. Jansson ; B. Ottersten ; M. Viberg ; A. L. Swindlehurst13:
Blind and semiblind MIMO channel estimation / D. Slock14:
MIMO receive algorithms / T. Kailath ; H. Vikalo ; B. Hassibi15:
Space-time turbo coding / S. ten Brink16:
Training for MIMO communications / Y. Sung ; T. Sung ; B. M. Sadler ; L. Tong17:
System-level Issues of Multiantenna Systems / Part IV:
MIMO Gaussian multiple access channels / M. Mohseni ; M. Brady ; J. Cioffi18:
On information-theoretic aspects of MIMO broadcast channels / G. Caire ; S. Shamai (Shitz) ; Y. Steinberg ; H. Weingarten19:
Multiuser MIMO systems / H. V. Poor ; D. Reynolds ; X. Wang20:
Opportunistic communication: a system view / P. Viswanath21:
System level performance of MIMO systems / N. Marina ; O. Tirkkonen ; P. Pasanen22:
Implementations, Measurements, Prototypes, and Standards / Part V:
What we can learn from multiantenna measurements / E. Bonek23:
Experiments in space-time modulation demodulation / W. Zhu ; H. Lee ; D. Liu ; D. Browne ; M. P. Fitz24:
Multiple antenna techniques in 3G wireless systems / R. A. Soni ; R. M. Buehrer25:
MIMO wireless local area networks / K. Gosse ; M. de Courville ; M. Muck ; S. Rouquette ; S. Simoens26:
VLSI implementation of MIMO detection / A. Burg27:
Index
Dedication
Acknowledgments
Multiantenna basics
Multiantenna capacity: myths and realities / G. Taricco ; S. Verdu
Space-time modulation and coding
Space-time coding for time- and frequency-selective MIMO channels / P. Stoica ; X. Ma
Receiver algorithms and parameter estimation
System-level issues of multiantenna systems / A. Medles ; T. E. Sung
Implementations, measurements, prototypes, and standards
Experiments in space-time modulation and demodulation / W. Weichselberger
Introduction
List of contributors
Multiantenna Basics / Part I:
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Jasprit Singh
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Preface
Introduction
Smart materials: an introduction / 1:
Input-output decision ability / 2:
Device based on conductivity changes / 2.1:
Device based on changes in optical response / 2.2:
Biological systems: nature's smart materials / 3:
Role of this book / 4:
Structural Properties
Crystaline materials / 1.1:
Basic lattice types / 1.2.1:
Some important crystal structures / 1.2.2:
Notation to denote planes and points in a lattice: Miller indices / 1.2.3:
Artificial structures: superlattices and quantum wells / 1.2.4:
Surfaces: ideal versus real / 1.2.5:
Interfaces / 1.2.6:
Defects in crystals / 1.3:
Heterostructures / 1.4:
Non-crystalline materials / 1.5:
Polycrystalline materials / 1.5.1:
Amorphous and glassy materials / 1.5.2:
Liquid crystals / 1.5.3:
Organic materials / 1.5.4:
Summary / 1.6:
Problems / 1.7:
Further reading / 1.8:
Quantum Mechanics and Electronic Levels
Need for quantum description
Some experiments that ushered in the quantum age / 2.2.1:
Schrodinger equation and physical observables / 2.3:
Wave amplitude / 2.3.1:
Waves, wavepackets, and uncertainty / 2.3.2:
Particles in an attractive potential: bound states / 2.4:
Electronic levels in a hydrogen atom / 2.4.1:
Particle in a quantum well / 2.4.2:
Harmonic oscillator problem / 2.4.3:
From atoms to molecules: coupled wells / 2.5:
Electrons in crystalline solids / 2.6:
Electrons in a uniform potential / 2.6.1:
Particle in a periodic potential: Bloch theorem / 2.6.2:
Kronig-Penney model for bandstructure / 2.6.3:
Electronic Levels in Solids / 2.7:
Occupation of states: distribution function / 3.1:
Metals, insulators, and superconductors / 3.3:
Holes in semiconductors / 3.3.1:
Bands in organic and molecular semiconductors / 3.3.2:
Normal and superconducting states / 3.3.3:
Bandstructure of some important semiconductors / 3.4:
Direct and indirect semiconductors: effective mass / 3.4.1:
Mobile carriers / 3.5:
Electrons in metals / 3.5.1:
Mobile carriers in pure semiconductors / 3.5.2:
Doping of semiconductors / 3.6:
Tailoring electronic properties / 3.7:
Electronic properties of alloys / 3.7.1:
Electronic properties of quantum wells / 3.7.2:
Localized states in solids / 3.8:
Disordered materials: extended and localized states / 3.8.1:
Charge Transport in Materials / 3.9:
An overview of electronic states / 4.1:
Transport and scattering / 4.3:
Scattering of electrons / 4.3.1:
Macroscopic transport properties / 4.4:
Velocity-electric field relations in semiconductors / 4.4.1:
Carrier transport by diffusion / 4.5:
Transport by drift and diffusion: Einstein's relation / 4.5.1:
Important devices based on conductivity changes / 4.6:
Field effect transistor / 4.6.1:
Bipolar junction devices / 4.6.2:
Transport in non-crystalline materials / 4.7:
Electron and hole transport in disordered systems / 4.7.1:
Ionic conduction / 4.7.2:
Important non-crystalline electronic devices / 4.8:
Thin film transistor / 4.8.1:
Gas sensors / 4.8.2:
Light Absorption and Emission / 4.9:
Important material systems / 5.1:
Optical processes in semiconductors / 5.3:
Optical absorption and emission / 5.3.1:
Chargei injection, quasi-Fermi levels, and recombination / 5.3.2:
Optical absorption, loss, and gain / 5.3.3:
Optical processes in quantum wells / 5.4:
Important semiconductor optoelectronic devices / 5.5:
Light detectors and solar cells / 5.5.1:
Light emitting diode / 5.5.2:
Laser diode / 5.5.3:
Organic semiconductors: optical processes & devices / 5.6:
Excitonic state / 5.6.1:
Dielectric Response: Polarization Effects / 5.7:
Polarization in materials: dielectric response / 6.1:
Dielectric response: some definitions / 6.2.1:
Ferroelectric dielectric response / 6.3:
Tailoring polarization: piezoelectric effect / 6.4:
Tailoring polarization: pyroelectric effect / 6.5:
Device applications of polar materials / 6.6:
Ferroelectric memory / 6.6.1:
Strain sensor and accelerometer / 6.6.2:
Ultrasound generation / 6.6.3:
Infrared detection using pyroelectric devices / 6.6.4:
Optical Modulation and Switching / 6.7:
Light propagation in materials / 7.1:
Modulation of optical properties / 7.3:
Electro-optic effect / 7.3.1:
Electro-absorption modulation / 7.3.2:
Optical modulation devices / 7.4:
Electro-optic modulators / 7.4.1:
Interferroelectric modulators / 7.4.2:
Magnetic Effects in Solids / 7.5:
Magnetic materials / 8.1:
Electromagnetic field magnetic materials / 8.3:
Physical basis for magnetic properties / 8.4:
Coherent transport: quantum interference / 8.5:
Aharonov Bohm effect / 8.5.1:
Quantum interference in superconducting materials / 8.5.2:
Diamagnetic and paramagnetic effects / 8.6:
Diamagnetic effect / 8.6.1:
Paramagnetic effect / 8.6.2:
Paramagnetism in the conduction electrons in metals / 8.6.3:
Ferromagnetic effects / 8.7:
Exchange interaction and ferromagnetism / 8.7.1:
Antiferromagnetic ordering / 8.7.2:
Applications in magnetic devices / 8.8:
Quantum interference devices / 8.8.1:
Application example: cooling by demagnetization / 8.8.2:
Magneto-optic modulators / 8.8.3:
Application example: magnetic recording / 8.8.4:
Giant magnetic resistance (GMR) devices / 8.8.5:
Important Properties of Semiconductors / 8.9:
P-N Diode: A Summary / B:
P-N junction / B.1:
P-N Junction under bias / B.2.1:
Fermi Golden Rule / C:
Lattice Vibrations and Phonons / D:
Defect Scattering and Mobility / E:
Alloy scattering / E.1:
Screened Coulombic scattering / E.2:
Ionized impurity limited mobility / E.3:
Alloy scattering limited mobility / E.4:
Index
Structural properties
Quantum mechanics and electronic levels
Electronic levels in solids
Charge transport
Light absorption and emission
Dielectric reponse: polarization effects
Optical modulation and switching
Magnetic effects in solids
Important properties of semiconductors
P-N diode: a summary
Fermi golden rule
Lattice vibrations and phonons
Preface
Introduction
Smart materials: an introduction / 1:
80.

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Wolfram, Sinasi Ellialtioglu, Thomas Wolfram
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Discussion of the perovskites / 1:
N-electron systems / 2:
Empirical LCAO model / 3:
LCAO model for cubic perovskites / 4:
Bands at symmetry points / 5:
Density of states / 6:
Optical properties / 7:
Photoemission from perovskites / 8:
Surface states on perovskites / 9:
Distorted perovskites / 10:
High-temperature superconductors / 11:
Physical constants / A:
The delta function / B:
Lattice Green's function / C:
Surface and bulk Madelung potentials for the ABO3 structure / D:
Discussion of the perovskites / 1:
N-electron systems / 2:
Empirical LCAO model / 3:
81.

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Abdelhak M. Zoubir, D. Robert Iskander
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2004
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Preface
Notations
Introduction / 1:
The bootstrap principle / 2:
The principle of resampling / 2.1:
Some theoretical results for the mean / 2.1.1:
Examples of non-parametric bootstrap estimation / 2.1.2:
The parametric bootstrap / 2.1.3:
Bootstrap resampling for dependent data / 2.1.4:
Examples of dependent data bootstrap estimation / 2.1.5:
The principle of pivoting and variance stabilisation / 2.2:
Some examples / 2.2.1:
Limitations of the bootstrap / 2.3:
Trends in bootstrap resampling / 2.4:
Summary / 2.5:
Signal detection with the bootstrap / 3:
Principles of hypothesis testing / 3.1:
Sub-optimal detection / 3.1.1:
Hypothesis testing with the bootstrap / 3.2:
The role of pivoting / 3.3:
Variance estimation / 3.4:
Detection through regression / 3.5:
The bootstrap matched filter / 3.6:
Tolerance interval bootstrap matched filter / 3.6.1:
Bootstrap model selection / 3.7:
Preliminaries / 4.1:
Model selection / 4.2:
Model selection in linear models / 4.3:
Model selection based on prediction / 4.3.1:
Bootstrap based model selection / 4.3.2:
A consistent bootstrap method / 4.3.3:
Dependent data in linear models / 4.3.4:
Model selection in nonlinear models / 4.4:
Data model / 4.4.1:
Use of bootstrap in model selection / 4.4.2:
Order selection in autoregressions / 4.5:
Detection of sources using bootstrap techniques / 4.6:
Bootstrap based detection / 4.6.1:
Null distribution estimation / 4.6.2:
Bias correction / 4.6.3:
Simulations / 4.6.4:
Real data bootstrap applications / 4.7:
Optimal sensor placement for knock detection / 5.1:
Motivation / 5.1.1:
Bootstrap tests / 5.1.2:
The experiment / 5.1.4:
Confidence intervals for aircraft parameters / 5.2:
Results with real passive acoustic data / 5.2.1:
Landmine detection / 5.3:
Noise floor estimation in over-the-horizon radar / 5.4:
Principle of the trimmed mean / 5.4.1:
Optimal trimming / 5.4.2:
Noise floor estimation / 5.4.3:
Model order selection for corneal elevation / 5.5:
Matlab codes for the examples / 5.6:
Basic non-parametric bootstrap estimation / A1.1:
Limitations of bootstrap procedure / A1.2:
Hypothesis testing / A1.6:
Bootstrap Matlab Toolbox / A1.7:
References
Index
Preface
Notations
Introduction / 1:
82.

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Hsien-Che Lee
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2005
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Light / 2:
What is color imaging science? / 3:
Radiometry
Photometry / 1.2:
Overview of the book
Light-matter interaction / 5:
Measurement of light and color / 6:
Colorimetry
Light sources / 1.2.2:
Optical image formation
Scene physics / 8:
In the eye of the beholder / 9:
Lens aberrations and image irradiance / 1.2.4:
Tools for color imaging
Eye optics / 11:
Color image acquisition and display / 12:
From retina to brain
Visual psychophysics / 1.2.6:
Image quality and image processing
Color order systems / 14:
The International System of Units (SI) / 15:
Color measurement
Device calibration / 1.4:
General bibliography and guide to the literatures
Tone reproduction / 17:
Problems / 18:
Color reproduction
Color image acquisition / 19:
Color image display / 20:
What is light? / 21:
Image quality
Basic concepts in color image processing / 2.2:
Wave trains of finite length
Extended tables / A:
Coherence / B:
Glossary
Bibliography / 2.3.1:
Index
Temporal coherence
Spatial coherence / 2.3.2:
Polarization / 2.4:
Representations of polarization / 2.4.1:
Stokes parameters / 2.4.2:
The Mueller matrix / 2.4.3:
The interference of polarized light / 2.4.4:
Concepts and definitions / 2.5:
Spectral radiometry / 3.2:
The International Lighting Vocabulary / 3.3:
Radiance theorem / 3.4:
Integrating cavities / 3.5:
Blackbody radiation / 3.6:
Planck's radiation law / 3.6.1:
Blackbody chromaticity loci of narrow-band systems / 3.6.2:
Brightness matching and photometry / 3.7:
The spectral luminous efficiency functions / 4.2:
Photometric quantities / 4.3:
Photometry in imaging applications / 4.4:
Exposure value (EV) / 4.4.1:
Guide number / 4.4.2:
Additive system of photographic exposure (APEX) / 4.4.3:
Light, energy, and electromagnetic waves / 4.5:
Physical properties of matter / 5.2:
Light and matter / 5.3:
Optical properties of matter / 5.3.1:
Light wave propagation in media / 5.3.2:
Optical dispersion in matter / 5.3.3:
Quantum mechanics and optical dispersion / 5.3.4:
Light propagation across material boundaries / 5.4:
Reflection and refraction / 5.4.1:
Scattering / 5.4.2:
Transmission and absorption / 5.4.3:
Diffraction / 5.4.4:
Colorimetry and its empirical foundations / 5.5:
The receptor-level theory of color matching / 6.2:
Color matching experiments / 6.3:
Transformation between two sets of primaries / 6.4:
The CIE 1931 Standard Colorimetric Observer (2[degree]) / 6.5:
The CIE 1964 Supplementary Standard Colorimetric Observer (10[degree]) / 6.6:
Calculation of tristimulus values / 6.7:
Some mathematical relations of colorimetric quantities / 6.8:
Cautions on the use of colorimetric data / 6.9:
Color differences and uniform color spaces / 6.10:
CIE 1976 UCS diagram / 6.10.1:
CIELUV color space / 6.10.2:
CIELAB color space / 6.10.3:
The CIE 1994 color-difference model (CIE94) / 6.10.4:
CIE2000 color-difference formula: CIEDE2000 / 6.10.5:
CIE terms / 6.11:
The CIE standard light sources and illuminants / 6.12:
Illuminating and viewing conditions / 6.13:
The vector space formulation of color calculations / 6.14:
Applications of colorimetry / 6.15:
The NTSC color signals / 6.15.1:
Computer graphics / 6.15.2:
Digital color image processing / 6.15.3:
Default color space for electronic imaging: sRGB / 6.16:
Natural sources / 6.17:
Sunlight and skylight / 7.1.1:
Moonlight / 7.1.2:
Starlight / 7.1.3:
Artificial sources: lamps / 7.2:
Incandescent lamps / 7.2.1:
Fluorescent lamps / 7.2.2:
Electronic flash lamps / 7.2.3:
Mercury lamps, sodium lamps, and metal halide lamps / 7.2.4:
Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) / 7.2.5:
Color-rendering index / 7.3:
General description of light reflection / 7.4:
The bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) / 8.2.1:
Interface reflection / 8.2.2:
Body reflection / 8.2.3:
Empirical surface reflection models / 8.2.4:
Radiative transfer theory and colorant formulation / 8.3:
Transparent media / 8.3.1:
Turbid media / 8.3.2:
Causes of color / 8.4:
Selective absorption / 8.4.1:
Interference / 8.4.2:
Dispersion / 8.4.4:
Common materials / 8.5:
Water / 8.5.1:
Metals / 8.5.2:
Minerals / 8.5.3:
Ceramics and cements / 8.5.4:
Glass / 8.5.5:
Polymers / 8.5.6:
Plants / 8.5.7:
Animals / 8.5.8:
Humans / 8.5.9:
Pigments and dyes / 8.5.10:
Paints / 8.5.11:
Paper / 8.5.12:
Printing inks / 8.5.13:
Statistics of natural scenes / 8.6:
Colors tend to integrate to gray / 8.6.1:
Log luminance range is normally distributed / 8.6.2:
Log radiances tend to be normally distributed / 8.6.3:
Color variations span a low-diemsional space / 8.6.4:
Power spectra tend to fall off as (1/f)[superscript n] / 8.6.5:
Geometrical and physical optics / 8.7:
The basis of geometrical optics / 9.2:
Projective geometry / 9.3:
The geometrical theory of optical imaging / 9.4:
Conventions and terminology in optical imaging / 9.5:
Refraction at a spherical surface / 9.6:
On-axis imaging by a spherical surface / 9.6.1:
Off-axis imaging by a spherical surface / 9.6.2:
Matrix method for paraxial ray tracing / 9.7:
Matrix description of Gaussian optical imaging systems / 9.8:
Generalized ray tracing / 9.9:
Physical optics / 9.10:
Scalar and vector theories of diffraction / 9.10.1:
The field impulse response of an imaging system / 9.10.2:
The optical transfer function (OTF) / 9.10.3:
Radiometry of imaging / 9.11:
On-axis image irradiances / 10.2.1:
Off-axis image irradiances / 10.2.2:
General image irradiances / 10.2.3:
Light distribution due to lens aberrations / 10.3:
Monochromatic aberrations / 10.3.1:
Depth of field / 10.3.2:
Sine condition / 10.3.3:
Chromatic aberration / 10.3.4:
Optical blur introduced by the camera / 10.4:
The real lens / 10.4.1:
The diaphragm / 10.4.2:
The shutter / 10.4.3:
Effects of object motion / 10.4.4:
Camera flare / 10.5:
Anatomy of the eye / 10.6:
Reduced eye and schematic eyes / 11.2:
Conversion between retinal distance and visual angle / 11.3:
Retinal illuminance / 11.4:
Depth of focus and depth of field / 11.5:
Focus error due to accommodation / 11.6:
Pupil size / 11.7:
Stiles-Crawford effect / 11.8:
Visual acuity / 11.9:
Measurements and empirical formulas of the eye MTF / 11.10:
Method of eye MTF calculation by van Meeteren / 11.11:
The human visual system / 11.12:
The concepts of receptive field and channel / 12.2:
Parallel pathways and functional segregation / 12.3:
The retina / 12.4:
Photoreceptors: rods and cones / 12.4.1:
Horizontal cells / 12.4.2:
Bipolar cells / 12.4.3:
Amacrine cells / 12.4.4:
Ganglion cells / 12.4.5:
Lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) / 12.5:
Color-opponent encoding / 12.5.1:
Visual areas in the human brain / 12.6:
Primary visual cortex / 12.6.1:
Other cortical areas / 12.6.2:
Visual perception and the parallel neural pathways / 12.7:
Psychophysical measurements / 12.8:
Measurement scales / 13.1.1:
Psychometric methods / 13.1.2:
Data interpretation / 13.1.3:
Visual thresholds / 13.2:
Absolute thresholds / 13.2.1:
Contrast thresholds / 13.2.2:
Contrast sensitivity functions (CSFs) / 13.2.3:
Photochromatic interval / 13.2.4:
Thresholds of visual blur / 13.2.5:
Visual adaptation / 13.3:
Achromatic adaptation / 13.3.1:
Chromatic adaptation / 13.3.2:
Eye movements and visual perception / 13.4:
Perception of brightness and lightness / 13.5:
Brightness perception of a uniform visual field (ganzfeld) / 13.5.1:
Brightness perception of an isolated finite uniform area / 13.5.2:
Brightness perception of two adjacent uniform areas / 13.5.3:
Brightness and lightness perception depends on the perceived spatial layout / 13.5.4:
Trichromatic and opponent-process theories / 13.6:
Some visual phenomena / 13.7:
Brilliance as a separate perceptual attribute / 13.7.1:
Simultaneous perception of illumination and objects / 13.7.2:
Afterimages / 13.7.3:
The Mach band / 13.7.4:
The Chevreul effect / 13.7.5:
Hermann-Hering grids / 13.7.6:
The Craik-O'Brien-Cornsweet effect / 13.7.7:
Simultaneous contrast and successive contrast / 13.7.8:
Assimilation / 13.7.9:
Subjective (illusory) contours / 13.7.10:
The Bezold-Br&:ucke effect / 13.7.11:
The Helmholtz-Kohlrausch effect / 13.7.12:
The Abney effect / 13.7.13:
The McCollough effect / 13.7.14:
The Stiles-Crawford effect / 13.7.15:
Small field tritanopia / 13.7.16:
The oblique effect / 13.7.17:
The Ostwald system / 13.8:
The Ostwald color order system / 14.2.1:
The Ostwald color atlas / 14.2.2:
The Munsell system / 14.3:
The Munsell color order system / 14.3.1:
The Munsell color atlas / 14.3.2:
The NCS / 14.4:
The NCS color order system / 14.4.1:
The NCS color atlas / 14.4.2:
The Optical Society of America (OSA) color system / 14.5:
The OSA color order system / 14.5.1:
The OSA color atlas / 14.5.2:
Color harmony / 14.6:
Spectral measurements / 14.7:
Spectroradiometer / 15.1.1:
Spectrophotometer / 15.1.2:
Factors to consider / 15.1.3:
Gonioreflectometers / 15.2:
Measurements with colorimetric filters / 15.3:
Computation of tristimulus values from spectral data / 15.4:
Density measurements / 15.5:
Reflection density, D[subscript rho] and D[subscript R] / 15.5.1:
Transmission density / 15.5.2:
Error analysis in calibration measurements / 15.6:
Error estimation / 15.6.1:
Propagation of errors / 15.6.2:
Expression of measurement uncertainty / 15.7:
Colorimetric calibration / 15.8:
Input calibration / 16.1.1:
Output calibration / 16.1.2:
Device model versus lookup tables / 16.1.3:
Computational tools for calibration / 16.2:
Interpolation / 16.2.1:
Tetrahedral interpolation / 16.2.2:
Regression and approximation / 16.2.3:
Constrained optimization / 16.2.4:
Spatial calibration / 16.3:
Resolution calibration / 16.3.1:
Line fitting on a digital image / 16.3.2:
TRCs / 16.4:
The concept of reference white / 17.3:
Experimental studies of tone reproduction / 17.4:
Best tone reproduction depends on scene contents / 17.4.1:
Best tone reproduction depends on luminance levels / 17.4.2:
Best tone reproduction depends on viewing surrounds / 17.4.3:
Best tone reproduction renders good black / 17.4.4:
Tone reproduction criteria / 17.5:
Reproducing relative luminance / 17.5.1:
Reproducing relative brightness / 17.5.2:
Reproducing visual contrast / 17.5.3:
Reproducing maximum visible details / 17.5.4:
Preferred tone reproduction / 17.5.5:
Density balance in tone reproduction / 17.6:
Tone reproduction processes / 17.7:
Flare correction / 17.8:
Gamma correction / 17.9:
Additive and subtractive color reproduction / 17.10:
Objectives of color reproduction / 18.3:
Appearance color reproduction / 18.3.1:
Preferred color reproduction / 18.3.2:
Psychophysical considerations / 18.4:
The effect of the adaptation state / 18.4.1:
The effect of viewing surrounds / 18.4.2:
The effect of the method of presentation / 18.4.3:
Color balance / 18.5:
Problem formulations / 18.5.1:
Color cues / 18.5.2:
Color balance algorithms / 18.5.3:
Color appearance models / 18.6:
Color appearance attributes / 18.6.1:
Descriptions of the stimuli and the visual field / 18.6.2:
CIECAM97s / 18.6.3:
CIECAM02 and revision of CIECAM97s / 18.6.4:
Theoretical color gamut / 18.7:
Color gamut mapping / 18.8:
Selection of color space and metrics / 18.8.1:
Computing the device color gamut / 18.8.2:
Image-independent methods for color gamut mapping / 18.8.3:
Using more than three color channels / 18.9:
Color management systems / 18.10:
General considerations for system design and evaluation / 18.11:
Considerations for input spectral responsivities / 19.1.1:
Calibration, linearity, signal shaping, and quantization / 19.1.2:
Dynamic range and signal-to-noise ratio / 19.1.3:
Photographic films / 19.2:
The structure of a black-and-white film / 19.2.1:
The latent image / 19.2.2:
Film processing / 19.2.3:
Color photography / 19.2.4:
Subtractive color reproduction in photography / 19.2.5:
Color masking / 19.2.6:
Sensitometry and densitometry / 19.2.7:
Color images digitized from photographic films / 19.3:
The effective exposure MTF approach / 19.3.1:
The nonlinear model approach / 19.3.2:
Interimage effects / 19.3.3:
Film calibration / 19.4:
Solid-state sensors and CCD cameras / 19.5:
CCD devices / 19.5.1:
CCD sensor architectures / 19.5.2:
CCD noise characteristics / 19.5.3:
CMOS sensors / 19.5.4:
Exposure control for CCD and CMOS sensors / 19.5.5:
CCD/CMOS camera systems / 19.5.6:
CCD/CMOS camera calibrations / 19.5.7:
Scanners / 19.6:
Scanner performance and calibration / 19.6.1:
A worked example of 3 x 3 color correction matrix / 19.7:
CRT monitors / 19.8:
Cathode current as a function of drive voltage / 20.1.1:
Conversion of electron motion energy into light / 20.1.2:
CRT phosphors and cathodoluminescence / 20.1.3:
CRT tone transfer curve / 20.1.4:
CRT colorimetry / 20.1.5:
LCDs / 20.2:
Properties of liquid crystals / 20.2.1:
The structures of LCDs and how they work / 20.2.2:
LCD calibration / 20.2.3:
PDPs / 20.3:
Electroluminescent displays / 20.4:
OLED and PLED / 20.4.1:
Printing technologies / 20.5:
Offset lithography / 20.5.1:
Letterpress / 20.5.2:
Gravure / 20.5.3:
Screen printing / 20.5.4:
Silver halide photography / 20.5.5:
Electrophotography (xerography) / 20.5.6:
Inkjet printing / 20.5.7:
Thermal printing / 20.5.8:
Half-toning / 20.6:
Photomechanical half-tone screens and screen angles / 20.6.1:
Screen ruling, addressability, resolution, and gray levels / 20.6.2:
Digital half-toning / 20.6.3:
Printer calibration / 20.7:
Calibration of RGB printers / 20.7.1:
Four-color printing / 20.7.2:
Objective image quality evaluation / 20.8:
Detector efficiency / 21.1.1:
Spatial frequency analysis / 21.1.2:
Image noise / 21.1.3:
Subjective image quality evaluation / 21.2:
Contrast / 21.2.1:
Sharpness / 21.2.2:
Graininess and noise perception / 21.2.3:
Tonal reproduction / 21.2.4:
Combined effects of different image attributes / 21.2.5:
Multi-dimensional modeling of image quality / 21.2.7:
Photographic space sampling / 21.3:
Factors to be considered in image quality evaluation / 21.4:
Observer screening / 21.4.1:
Planning of experiments / 21.4.2:
Image fidelity and difference evaluation / 21.5:
Perceptible color differences / 21.5.1:
Visible difference prediction / 21.5.2:
General considerations / 21.6:
Color spaces and signal representations / 22.2:
Signal characteristics / 22.2.1:
Noise statistics / 22.2.2:
System constraints / 22.2.3:
Color image segmentation / 22.3:
Color space for image segmentation / 22.3.1:
Comparison of linear and logarithmic spaces / 22.3.2:
Method for partitioning the color space / 22.3.3:
The distance metric / 22.3.4:
Color gradient / 22.4:
Color edge detection / 22.5:
Derivative of a color image / 22.5.1:
Statistics of noise in a boundary detector / 22.5.2:
Detection of a step boundary / 22.5.3:
Statistics of directional data / 22.6:
Representation and descriptive measures / 22.6.1:
Model distributions for directional data / 22.6.2:
Denoising / 22.7:
CIE 1931 color matching functions and corresponding chromaticities / Appendix:
CIE 1964 10-degree color matching functions / A.2:
Cone fundamentals / A.3:
Judd's modified V[subscript M]([lambda]) (CIE 1988) and scotopic V'([lambda]) (CIE 1951) / A.4:
Standard illuminants / A.5:
CIE daylight vectors / A.6:
Pointer's gamut of real surfaces / A.7:
References
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Light / 2:
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David Rainey
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2005
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Preface
Acknowledgements
Product innovation and strategic logic / Part I:
Introduction to product innovation and new-product development / 1:
Strategic logic of product innovation / 2:
The new-product development process and organizational aspects / 3:
Establishing the foundation: the conceptual level / Part II:
Identifying new-product opportunities: Idea Generation (Phase 1) / 4:
Concept Development and Selection (Phase 2) / 5:
NPD Program Definition (Phase 3) / 6:
Methods and techniques for analysis and decision making / Part III:
Product/market considerations, integrated product design, and product architecture / 7:
Marketing strategies and methods: conceptualizing and designing the new-product marketing campaign / 8:
Production strategies and methods: operational and manufacturing implications / 9:
Financial applications and implications / 10:
The operational level and concluding remarks / Part IV:
Design and Development (Phase 4) / 11:
Validation (Phase 5) / 12:
Pre-commercialization (Phase 6) and the launch / 13:
Concluding remarks and insights about product innovation in the twenty-first century / 14:
Glossary
References
Select bibliography
Index
Product Innovation, Strategic Logic, & the New Product Development Process
Introduction to product innovation and new product development
New product development process and organizational aspects
Establishing the Foundation: the Conceptual Level
Identifying new produce opportunities: idea generation (phase 1)
Concept development and selection (phase 2)
New product development program definition (phase 3)
Product/market considerations, integrated product design and product architecture
Marketing strategies and methods: conceptualizing and designing the new product marketing campaign
Design and development (phase 4)
Validation phase (phase 5)
Pre-commercialization (phase 6) and launch
Concluding remarks and insights about product innovation in the 21st century
Preface
Acknowledgements
Product innovation and strategic logic / Part I:
84.

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Victor Fey, Victor Fey, Eugene Rivin, Eugene I. Rivin
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge University Press, 2005
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Preface
Introduction to Triz / 1:
Resolving system conflicts / 2:
Basics of the substance-field analysis / 3:
Algorithm for inventive problem solving (ARIZ) / 4:
Laws of technological system evolution / 5:
Guiding technology evolution / 6:
Genrikh Altshuller - the creator of Triz / A1:
System conflict matrix and inventive principles / A2:
Standard approaches to solving inventive problems / A3:
Using Triz in management practice / A4:
Glossary / A5:
References
Introduction to TRIZ
Genrikh Altshuller - the creator of TRIZ
Using TRIZ in management practice
Preface
Introduction to Triz / 1:
Resolving system conflicts / 2:
85.

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Gilles Van Assche
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2006
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Introduction / 1:
Classical cryptography / 2:
Information theory / 3:
Quantum information theory / 4:
Cryptosystems based on quantum key distribution / 5:
General results on secret-key distillation / 6:
Privacy amplification using hash functions / 7:
Reconciliation / 8:
Non-binary reconciliation / 9:
The BB84 protocol / 10:
Protocols with continuous variables / 11:
Security analysis of quantum key distribution / 12:
Symbols and abbreviations / Appendix 1:
Introduction / 1:
Classical cryptography / 2:
Information theory / 3:
86.

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Fernando F. Grinstein, Fenando F. Grinstein, Fernando F. Grinstein, Len G. Margolin, William Rider, William J. Rider
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2007
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Preface
List of Acronyms
List of Contributors
Introduction / Fernando F. Grinstein ; Len G. Margolin ; William J. Rider
Motivation / Section A:
More for LES: A Brief Historical Perspective of MILES / Jay P. Boris1:
A Rationale for Implicit LES / 2:
Capturing Physics with Numerics / Section B:
Subgrid-Scale Modeling: Issues and Approaches / Pierre Sagaut3:
Numerics for ILES / 4:
Limiting Algorithms / Dimitris Drikakis ; Marco Hahn ; Carl R. DeVore ; Christer Fureby ; Mattias Liefvendahl ; David L. Youngsa:
The PPM Compressible Gas Dynamics Scheme / Paul R. Woodwardb:
The Lagrangian Remap Method / c:
MPDATA / Piotr K. Smolarkiewiczd:
Vorticity Confinement / John Steinhoff ; Nicholas Lynn ; Lesong Wange:
Numerical Regularization: The Numerical Analysis of Implicit Subgrid Models / 5:
Approximate Deconvolution / Nikolaus A. Adams ; S. Hickel ; J. A. Domaradzki6:
Verification and Validation / Section C:
Simulating Compressible Turbulent Flow with PPM / David H. Porter7:
Vortex Dynamics and Transition to Turbulence in Free Shear Flows / 8:
Symmetry Bifurcation and Instabilities / 9:
Incompressible Wall-Bounded Flows / Urban Svennberg ; Leif Persson ; Tobias Persson10:
Compressible Turbulent Shear Flows / Doyle D. Knight ; Marco Kupiainen11:
Turbulent Flow Simulations Using Vorticity Confinement / Wenren Yonghu ; Meng Fan ; Bill Dietz12:
Rayleigh-Taylor and Richtmyer-Meshkov Mixing / 13:
Frontier Flows / Section D:
Studies of Geophysics / 14:
Using PPM to Model Turbulent Stellar Convection / 15:
Complex Engineering Turbulent Flows / Niklas Alin ; Magnus Berglund ; Eric Lillberg16:
Large-Scale Urban Simulations / Gopal Patnaik ; Ted R. Young ; Oskar Parmhed17:
Outlook and Open Research Issues / 18:
Index
Historical introduction / Fernando Grinstein ; Len Margolin ; William Rider ; Jay BorisPart I:
ILES for turbulent flows: a rationale
Subgrid scale modeling: issues and approaches / Part II:
Limiting algorithms / Carl DeVore ; David Youngs4a:
Piecewise parabolic method / Paul Woodward4b:
Lagrangean remap method / 4c:
MPDATA Piotr / Smolarkiewicz4d:
Vorticity confinement / 44e:
Numerical regularization
Approximate deconvolution / Nikolaus Adams
Homogeneous turbulence / David PorterPart III:
Vortex dynamics and transition in free shear flows
Symmetry bifurcation and instabilities
Incompressible wall bounded flows
Compressible turbulent shear flows / Doyle Knight
Studies based on vorticity confinement
Rayleigh-Taylor and Richtmyer-Meshkov mixing
Studies of geophysics / Piotr SmolarkiewiczPart IV:
Studies of astrophysics
Complex engineering turbulent flows
Large scale urban simulations / Ted Young
Outlook and open research issues
Preface
List of Acronyms
List of Contributors
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Piet Van Mieghem
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2006
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Probability theory / Part I:
Random variables / 2:
Probability theory and set theory / 2.1:
Discrete random variables / 2.2:
Continuous random variables / 2.3:
The conditional probability / 2.4:
Several random variables and independence / 2.5:
Conditional expectation / 2.6:
Basic distributions / 3:
Derived distributions / 3.1:
Functions of random variables / 3.4:
Examples of other distributions / 3.5:
Summary tables of probability distributions / 3.6:
Problems / 3.7:
Correlation / 4:
Generation of correlated Gaussian random variables / 4.1:
Generation of correlated random variables / 4.2:
The non-linear transformation method / 4.3:
Examples of the non-linear transformation method / 4.4:
Linear combination of independent auxiliary random variables / 4.5:
Problem / 4.6:
Inequalities / 5:
The minimum (maximum) and infimum (supremum) / 5.1:
Continuous convex functions / 5.2:
Inequalities deduced from the Mean Value Theorem / 5.3:
The Markov and Chebyshev inequalities / 5.4:
The Holder, Minkowski and Young inequalities / 5.5:
The Gauss inequality / 5.6:
The dominant pole approximation and large deviations / 5.7:
Limit laws / 6:
General theorems from analysis / 6.1:
Law of Large Numbers / 6.2:
Central Limit Theorem / 6.3:
Extremal distributions / 6.4:
Stochastic processes / Part II:
The Poisson process / 7:
A stochastic process / 7.1:
Properties of the Poisson process / 7.2:
The nonhomogeneous Poisson process / 7.4:
The failure rate function / 7.5:
Renewal theory / 7.6:
Basic notions / 8.1:
Limit theorems / 8.2:
The residual waiting time / 8.3:
The renewal reward process / 8.4:
Discrete-time Markov chains / 8.5:
Definition / 9.1:
Discrete-time Markov chain / 9.2:
The steady-state of a Markov chain / 9.3:
Continuous-time Markov chains / 9.4:
Properties of continuous-time Markov processes / 10.1:
Steady-state / 10.3:
The embedded Markov chain / 10.4:
The transitions in a continuous-time Markov chain / 10.5:
Example: the two-state Markov chain in continuous-time / 10.6:
Time reversibility / 10.7:
Applications of Markov chains / 10.8:
Discrete Markov chains and independent random variables / 11.1:
The general random walk / 11.2:
Birth and death process / 11.3:
A random walk on a graph / 11.4:
Slotted Aloha / 11.5:
Ranking of webpages / 11.6:
Branching processes / 11.7:
The probability generating function / 12.1:
The limit W of the scaled random variables W[subscript k] / 12.2:
The Probability of Extinction of a Branching Process / 12.3:
Asymptotic behavior of W / 12.4:
A geometric branching processes / 12.5:
General queueing theory / 13:
A queueing system / 13.1:
The waiting process: Lindley's approach / 13.2:
The Benes approach to the unfinished work / 13.3:
The counting process / 13.4:
PASTA / 13.5:
Little's Law / 13.6:
Queueing models / 14:
The M/M/1 queue / 14.1:
Variants of the M/M/1 queue / 14.2:
The M/G/1 queue / 14.3:
The GI/D/m queue / 14.4:
The M/D/1/K queue / 14.5:
The N*D/D/1 queue / 14.6:
The AMS queue / 14.7:
The cell loss ratio / 14.8:
Physics of networks / 14.9:
General characteristics of graphs / 15:
The number of paths with j hops / 15.1:
The degree of a node in a graph / 15.3:
Connectivity and robustness / 15.4:
Graph metrics / 15.5:
Random graphs / 15.6:
The hopcount in a large, sparse graph with unit link weights / 15.7:
The Shortest Path Problem / 15.8:
The shortest path and the link weight structure / 16.1:
The shortest path tree in K[subscript N] with exponential link weights / 16.2:
The hopcount h[subscript N] in the URT / 16.3:
The weight of the shortest path / 16.4:
The flooding time T[subscript N] / 16.5:
The degree of a node in the URT / 16.6:
The minimum spanning tree / 16.7:
The proof of the degree Theorem 16.6.1 of the URT / 16.8:
The efficiency of multicast / 16.9:
General results for g[subscript N](m) / 17.1:
The random graph G[subscript p](N) / 17.2:
The k-ary tree / 17.3:
The Chuang-Sirbu law / 17.4:
Stability of a multicast shortest path tree / 17.5:
Proof of (17.16): g[subscript N](m) for random graphs / 17.6:
Proof of Theorem 17.3.1: g[subscript N](m) for k-ary trees / 17.7:
The hopcount to an anycast group / 17.8:
General analysis / 18.1:
The uniform recursive tree (URT) / 18.3:
Approximate analysis / 18.5:
The performance measure [eta] in exponentially growing trees / 18.6:
Stochastic matrices / Appendix A:
Algebraic graph theory / Appendix B:
Solutions of problems / Appendix C:
Bibliography
Index
Discrete time Markov chains
Continuous time Markov chains
General queuing theory
Queuing models
The shortest path problem
The hop count to an any cast group
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Probability theory / Part I:
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David J. Green
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1998
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Introduction / 1:
Elastic behaviour / 2:
Effect of structure on elastic behaviour / 3:
Elastic stress distributions / 4:
Viscosity and viscoelasticity / 5:
Plastic flow / 6:
Creep deformation / 7:
Brittle fracture / 8:
Strength and engineering design / 9:
Comprehension exercises
Appendix
Introduction / 1:
Elastic behaviour / 2:
Effect of structure on elastic behaviour / 3:
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W. N. G. Hitchon
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1999
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Introduction / 1:
Plasma processes and semiconductors / 2:
Plasma electromagnetics and circuit models / 3:
Plasma models / 4:
Plasma chemistry / 5:
Transport at long mean free path / 6:
Evolution of the trench / 7:
Physical description of the plasma / 8:
Going further / 9:
Glossary / 10:
Introduction / 1:
Plasma processes and semiconductors / 2:
Plasma electromagnetics and circuit models / 3:
90.

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Ahmed A. Shabana
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2008
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Matrices / 1.1:
Vectors / 1.2:
Summation Convention / 1.3:
Cartesian Tensors / 1.4:
Polar Decomposition Theorem / 1.5:
D'Alembert's Principle / 1.6:
Virtual Work Principle / 1.7:
Approximation Methods / 1.8:
Discrete Equations / 1.9:
Momentum, Work, and Energy / 1.10:
Parameter Change and Coordinate Transformation / 1.11:
Problems
Kinematics / 2:
Motion Description / 2.1:
Strain Components / 2.2:
Other Deformation Measures / 2.3:
Decomposition of Displacement / 2.4:
Velocity and Acceleration / 2.5:
Coordinate Transformation / 2.6:
Objectivity / 2.7:
Change of Volume and Area / 2.8:
Continuity Equation / 2.9:
Reynolds' Transport Theorem / 2.10:
Examples of Deformation / 2.11:
Forces and Stresses / 3:
Equilibrium of Forces / 3.1:
Transformation of Stresses / 3.2:
Equations of Equilibrium / 3.3:
Symmetry of the Cauchy Stress Tensor / 3.4:
Virtual Work of the Forces / 3.5:
Deviatoric Stresses / 3.6:
Stress Objectivity / 3.7:
Energy Balance / 3.8:
Constitutive Equations / 4:
Generalized Hooke's Law / 4.1:
Anisotropic Linearly Elastic Materials / 4.2:
Material Symmetry / 4.3:
Homogeneous Isotropic Material / 4.4:
Principal Strain Invariants / 4.5:
Special Material Models for Large Deformations / 4.6:
Linear Viscoelasticity / 4.7:
Nonlinear Viscoelasticity / 4.8:
A Simple Viscoelastic Model for Isotropic Materials / 4.9:
Fluid Constitutive Equations / 4.10:
Navier-Stokes Equations / 4.11:
Plasticity Formulations / 5:
One-Dimensional Problem / 5.1:
Loading and Unloading Conditions / 5.2:
Solution of the Plasticity Equations / 5.3:
Generalization of the Plasticity Theory: Small Strains / 5.4:
J[subscript 2] Flow Theory with Isotropic/Kinematic Hardening / 5.5:
Nonlinear Formulation for Hyperelastic-Plastic Materials / 5.6:
Hyperelastic-Plastic J[subscript 2] Flow Theory / 5.7:
Finite Element Formulation: Large-Deformation, Large-Rotation Problem / 6:
Displacement Field / 6.1:
Element Connectivity / 6.2:
Inertia and Elastic Forces / 6.3:
Equations of Motion / 6.4:
Numerical Evaluation of the Elastic Forces / 6.5:
Finite Elements and Geometry / 6.6:
Two-Dimensional Euler-Bernoulli Beam Element / 6.7:
Two-Dimensional Shear Deformable Beam Element / 6.8:
Three-Dimensional Cable Element / 6.9:
Three-Dimensional Beam Element / 6.10:
Thin-Plate Element / 6.11:
Higher-Order Plate Element / 6.12:
Element Performance / 6.13:
Other Finite Element Formulations / 6.14:
Updated Lagrangian and Eulerian Formulations / 6.15:
Finite Element Formulation: Small-Deformation, Large-Rotation Problem / 7:
Background / 7.1:
Rotation and Angular Velocity / 7.2:
Floating Frame of Reference / 7.3:
Intermediate Element Coordinate System / 7.4:
Connectivity and Reference Conditions / 7.5:
Kinematic Equations / 7.6:
Formulation of the Inertia Forces / 7.7:
Elastic Forces / 7.8:
Coordinate Reduction / 7.9:
Integration of Finite Element and Multibody System Algorithms / 7.11:
References
Index
Forces and stresses
Constitutive equations
Plasticity formulations
Finite element formulation: large deformation, large rotation problem
Finite element formulation: small deformation, large rotation problem
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Matrices / 1.1:
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C. R. Calladine
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1983
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Preface Francis Crick
EditorsG++ introduction
The Essence of Images / Jonathan Millerart I:
What does the brain see? How does it understand / Horace Barlow1:
Pictorial instructions / Ernst Gombrich2:
Computer-generated cartoons / Don Pearson ; E. Hanna ; K. Martinez3:
The tricks of colour / John Mollon4:
Movement Nicholas / Humphreyart II:
Benesh: the notation of dance / Monica Parker ; Kenneth MacMillan5:
Three stages in the classification of body movements by visual neurons / David Perrett ; M. Harries ; A. J. Mistlin ; A. J. Chitty6:
What does gesture add to the spoken word / Peter Bull7:
Visual processing of moving images / Anthony Movshon8:
Narration / Mel Calmanart III:
Narration with words / David Lodge9:
Animal language / John Krebs10:
Are the signs of language arbitrary / Margaret Deuchar11:
Moving pictures / 12:
Making Images / Christopher Longuet-Higginsart 4:
Vision in other animals / Michael Land13:
Linking perception and graphics: modeling with dynamic constraints / Andrew Witkin ; Michael Karr ; Demetri Terzopoulos ; Alan Barr14:
Understanding the digital image / John Lansdown15:
The draughtsmanG++s contract: how an artist creates an image / John Willats16:
Images and Thought / Richard Heldart V:
Understanding images in the brain / Colin Blakemore17:
Images of the functioning human brain / Marcus Raichle18:
Thinking with a computer / Daniel Dennett19:
How do we interpret images / Richard Gregory20:
Images and Meaning / Margaret Drabbleart VI:
Scientific images: perception and deception / Jon Darius21:
Pictures in the mind / Nelson Goodman22:
Postscript
Notes
Index
Preface
List of symbols
Introduction
Generalised Hooke's law for an element of a shell
Cylindrical shells under symmetric loading
Purely 'equilibrium' solutions for shells: the membrane hypothesis
The geometry of curved surfaces
Geometry of distortion of curved surfaces
Displacements of elastic shells stressed according to the membrane hypothesis
Stretching and bending in cylindrical and nearly-cylindrical shells
Problems in the behaviour of cylindrical and nearly-cylindrical shells subjected to non-symmetric loading
Cylindrical shell roofs
Bending stresses in symmetrically-loaded shells of revolution
Flexibility of axisymmetric bellows under axial loading
Curved tubes and pipe-bends
Buckling of shells: classical analysis
Buckling of shells: non-classical analysis
The Brazier effect in the buckling of bent tubes
Vibration of cylindrical shells
Shell structures and the theory of plasticity
Appendices
Answers to selected problems
References
Preface Francis Crick
EditorsG++ introduction
The Essence of Images / Jonathan Millerart I:
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David J. Lilja, David J. Lillja, David J. Lillja, David J. Lillja
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000
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Introduction / 1:
Metrics of performance / 2:
Average performance and variability / 3:
Errors in experimental measurements / 4:
Comparing alternatives / 5:
Measurement tools and techniques / 6:
Benchmark programs / 7:
Linear regression models / 8:
Design of experiments / 9:
Simulation and random number generation / 10:
Queueing analysis / 11:
Glossary
Appendices
Introduction / 1:
Metrics of performance / 2:
Average performance and variability / 3:
93.

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Jacques Heyman
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1998
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Preface
Galileo's problem / 1:
The moment of resistance / 2:
The effect of shear / 3:
Elastic flexure and buckling / 4:
The masonry arch / 5:
Elastic beams and frames / 6:
The trussed framework / 7:
Scholium 1 / 8:
Plastic theory / 9:
Scholium 2 / 10:
Bibliography
Name index
Subject index
Galileo's problem
Preface
Galileo's problem / 1:
The moment of resistance / 2:
94.

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Norman Jones
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1990
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Static plastic behaviour of beams / 1:
Static plastic behaviour of plates and shells / 2:
Dynamic plastic behaviour of beams / 3:
Dynamic plastic behaviour of plates / 4:
Dynamic plastic behaviour of shells / 5:
Influence of transverse shear and rotatory inertia / 6:
Influence of finite displacements / 7:
Strain rate sensitive behaviour of materials / 8:
Dynamic progressive buckling / 9:
Dynamic plastic buckling / 10:
Scaling laws / 11:
Static plastic behaviour of beams / 1:
Static plastic behaviour of plates and shells / 2:
Dynamic plastic behaviour of beams / 3:
95.

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Robert George Dean, Robert A. Dalrymple, Robert G. Dean
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2002
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Introduction to Coastal Processes / Part I:
Overview / 1:
Sediment characteristics / 2:
Long-term processes / 3:
Hydrodynamics of the Coastal Zone / Part II:
Tides and storm surges / 4:
Waves and wave-induced hydrodynamics / 5:
Coastal Response / Part III:
Field measurement techniques and analysis / 6:
Equilibrium beach profiles / 7:
Sediment transport / 8:
Miscellaneous coastal features / 9:
Modeling of beaches and shorelines / 10:
Shoreline Modification and Analysis / Part IV:
Beach fill and soft engineering structures / 11:
Hard engineering structures / 12:
Tidal inlets / 13:
Shoreline management / 14:
Introduction to Coastal Processes / Part I:
Overview / 1:
Sediment characteristics / 2:
96.

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Hashem Rafii-Tabar
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2007
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Formation of carbon allotropes / Part I:
Diamond / 2.1:
Graphite / 2.2:
Fullerenes / 2.3:
Carbon nanotubes and nanohorns / 2.4:
Nanoscale numerical simulation techniques / 3:
Essential concepts from classical statistical mechanics / 3.1:
Key concepts underlying the classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulation method / 3.2:
Key concepts underlying the classical Monte Carlo (MC) simulation method / 3.3:
Ab initio molecular dynamics simulation methods / 3.4:
Interatomic potentials and force-fields in the computational physics of carbon nanotubes / 4:
Interatomic potential energy function (PEF) / 4.1:
Force-field (molecular mechanics) method / 4.2:
Energetics of carbon nanotubes / 4.3:
Energetics of SWCNT-C[subscript 60] and C[subscript 60]-C[subscript 60] interactions / 4.4:
Energetics of fluid flow through carbon nanotubes / 4.5:
Energetics of gas adsorption inside carbon nanotubes and nanohorns / 4.6:
Continuum elasticity theories for modelling the mechanical properties of nanotubes / 5:
Basic concepts from continuum elasticity theory / 5.1:
Nonlinear thin-shell theories / 5.2:
Theories of curved plates / 5.3:
Theories of vibration, bending and buckling of beams / 5.4:
Atomistic theories of mechanical properties / 6:
Atomic-level stress tensor / 6.1:
Elastic constants from atomistic dynamics / 6.2:
Bulk and Young's moduli / 6.3:
Theories for modelling thermal transport in nanotubes / 7:
Thermal conductivity / 7.1:
Specific heat / 7.2:
Modelling fluid flow in nanotubes / Part II:
Modelling the influence of a nanotube's dynamics and length on the fluid flow / 8.1:
Modelling the flow of CH[subscript 4] through SWCNTs / 8.2:
Modelling self- and collective diffusivities of fluids in SWCNTs / 8.3:
Modelling the capillary flow in an SWCNT / 8.4:
Modelling the confinement and flow of liquid water inside SWCNTs / 8.5:
Modelling the dynamics of C[subscript 60] @ nanotubes / 8.6:
Modelling gas adsorption in carbon nanotubes / 9:
Atomic and molecular hydrogen in nanotubes / 9.1:
Adsorption of rare gases in SWCNTs / 9.2:
Adsorption of gases in the assemblies of SWCNHs / 9.3:
Modelling the mechanical properties of carbon nanotubes / 10:
Modelling compression, bending, buckling, vibration, torsion and fracture of nanotubes / 10.1:
Modelling the elastic properties of SWCNTs and MWCNTs / 10.2:
Stress-strain properties of nanotubes / 10.3:
Validity of application of continuum-based theories to model the mechanical properties of nanotubes / 10.4:
Modelling the thermal properties of carbon nanotubes / 11:
Computation of thermal conductivity / 11.1:
Specific heat of nanotubes / 11.2:
References
Index
Modelling the thermal properties in carbon nanotubes
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Formation of carbon allotropes / Part I:
97.

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Rodney O. Fox
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2003
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Turbulent reacting flows / 1:
Statistical description of turbulent flow / 2:
Statistical description of turbulent mixing / 3:
Models for turbulent transport / 4:
Closures for the chemical source term / 5:
PDF methods for turbulent reacting flows / 6:
Full PDF simulations / 7:
Appendices
Turbulent reacting flows / 1:
Statistical description of turbulent flow / 2:
Statistical description of turbulent mixing / 3:
98.

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F. J. Baltá Calleja, S. Fakirov
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Microhardness determination in polymeric materials / 2:
Microhardness of glassy polymers / 3:
Microhardness of crystalline polymers / 4:
Microhardness of polymer blends, copolymers and composites / 5:
Microhardness of polymers under strain / 6:
Application of hardness techniques to the characterization of polymer materials / 7:
Author index
Subject index
Applications of hardness techniques for the characterization of polymer materials
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Microhardness determination in polymeric materials / 2:
99.

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Bernard Widrow, István Kollár, István Kollár
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2008
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Preface
Glossary of symbols
Acronyms and abbreviations
Background / Part I:
Introduction / 1:
Sampling theory / 2:
Probability density functions, characteristic functions, and moments / 3:
Uniform Quantization / Part II:
Statistical analysis of the quantizer output / 4:
Statistical analysis of the quantization noise / 5:
Crosscorrelations between quantization noise, quantizer input, and quantizer Output / 6:
General statistical relations among the quantization noise, the quantizer input, and the quantizer output / 7:
Quantization of two or more variables - statistical analysis of the quantizer / 8:
Quantization of two or more variables - statistical analysis of quantization noise / 9:
Quantization of two or more variables - general statistical relations between the quantization noises, and the quantizer inputs and outputs / 10:
Calculation of the moments and correlation functions of quantized Gaussian variables / 11:
Floating-point Quantization / Part III:
Floating-point quantization / 12:
More on floating-point quantization / 13:
Cascades of fixed-point and floating-point quantizers / 14:
Quantization in Signal Processing, Feedback Control, and Computations / Part IV:
Roundoff noise in FIR digital filters and in FFT calculations / 15:
Roundoff noise in IIR digital filters / 16:
Roundoff noise in digital feedback control systems / 17:
Roundoff errors in nonlinear dynamic systems - a chaotic example / 18:
Applications of Quantization Noise Theory / Part V:
Dither / 19:
Spectrum of quantization noise and conditions of whiteness / 20:
Quantization of system parameters / Part VI:
Coefficient quantization / 21:
Appendices
Perfectly bandlimited characteristic functions / A:
General expressions of the moments of the quantizer output, and of the errors of Sheppard's Corrections / B:
Derivatives of the sinc function / C:
Proofs of quantizing theorems III and IV / D:
Limits of applicability of the theory - Caveat reader / E:
Some properties of the Gaussian PDF and CF / F:
Quantization of a sinusoidal input / G:
Application of the methods of Appendix G to distributions other than sinusoidal / H:
A Few properties of selected distributions / I:
Digital / J:
Roundoff noise in scientific computations / K:
Simulating arbitrary-precision fixed-point and floating-point roundoff in Matlab / L:
A Few papers from the literature of quantization theory / M:
Bibliography
Index
Appendices N - V available online only
Comparison of the characteristic function method and Sheppard's approach / N:
Interpolation of the cumulative distribution function from the histogram and numerical reconstruction of the Input PDF / O:
Small bit-number correlation W27 / P:
Noise shaping and sigma-delta modulation W31 / Q:
Second-order statistical properties of a triangle-wave signal / R:
Characteristic functions of quantities involved when using Dither W45 / S:
Kind corrections W51 / T:
Comparison of the engineers' Fourier transform and definition of the characteristic function W75 / U:
A few more papers from the literature of quantization theory W79 / V:
Preface
Glossary of symbols
Acronyms and abbreviations
100.

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R. I. Lewis
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1991
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The Surface Vorticity Boundary Integral Method of Fluid Flow Analysis / Part I:
The basis of surface singularity modelling / 1:
Lifting bodies, two-dimensional aerofoils and cascades / 2:
Mixed-flow and radial cascades / 3:
Bodies of revolution, ducts and annuli / 4:
Ducted propellers and fans / 5:
Three-dimensional and meridional flows in turbo-machines / 6:
Free vorticity shear layers and inverse methods / 7:
Vortex Dynamics and Vortex Cloud Analysis / Part II:
Vortex dynamics in inviscid flows / 8:
Simulation of viscous diffusion in discrete vortex modelling / 9:
Vortex cloud modelling by the boundary integral method / 10:
Further development and applications of vortex cloud modelling to lifting bodies and cascades / 11:
Use of grid systems in vortex dynamics and meridional flows / 12:
Appendix
The Surface Vorticity Boundary Integral Method of Fluid Flow Analysis / Part I:
The basis of surface singularity modelling / 1:
Lifting bodies, two-dimensional aerofoils and cascades / 2:
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