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1.

電子ブック

EB
Arkady Pikovsky, Jürgen Kurths, Michael Rosenblum
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2001
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Synchronization Without Formulae / Part I:
Basic notions: the self-sustained oscillator and its phase / 2:
Synchronization of a periodic oscillator by external force / 3:
Synchronization of two and many oscillators / 4:
Synchronization of chaotic systems / 5:
Detecting synchronization in experiments / 6:
Phase Locking and Frequency Entrainment / Part II:
Synchronization of periodic oscillators by periodic external action / 7:
Mutual synchronization of two interacting periodic oscillators / 8:
Synchronization in the presence of noise / 9:
Phase synchronization of chaotic systems / 10:
Synchronization in oscillatory media / 11:
Populations of globally coupled oscillators / 12:
Synchronization of Chaotic Systems / Part III:
Complete synchronization I: basic concepts / 13:
Complete synchronization II: generalizations and complex systems / 14:
Synchronization of complex dynamics by external forces / 15:
Discovery of synchronization by Christiaan Huygens / Appendix 1:
Instantaneous phase and frequency of a signal / Appendix 2:
References
Index
Cycling attractors of coupled cell systems and dynamics with symmetry / Ashwin ; Rucklidge ; Sturman
Modelling diversity by chaos and classification by synchronization / De Feo ; Hasler
Basic Principles of Direct Chaotic Communications / Dmitriev ; Panas ; Zakharchenko
Prevalence of Milnor Attractors and Chaotic Itinerancy in 'High'-dimensional Dynamical Systems / Kaneko
Generalization of the Feigenbaum-Kadanoff-Shenker Renormalization and Critical Phenomena Associated with the Golden Mean Quasiperiodicity / Kuznetsov
Synchronization and clustering in ensembles of coupled chaotic oscillators / Maistrenko ; Popovych ; Yanchuk
Nonlinear Phenomena in Nephron-Nephron Interaction / Mosekilde ; Sosnovtseva ; Holstein-Rathlou
Synchrony in Globally Coupled Chaotic, Periodic, and Mixed Ensembles of Dynamical Units / Ott ; So ; Barreto ; Antonsen
Phase synchronization of regular and chaotic self-sustained oscillators / Pikovsky ; Rosenblum
Control of dynamical systems via time-delayed feedback and unstable controller / Pyragas
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Synchronization Without Formulae / Part I:
2.

電子ブック

EB
U. Mizutani
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2001
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Introduction to electron theory of metals / 1:
Bonding styles and the free electron model / 2:
Electrons in a metal at finite temperatures / 3:
Periodic lattice and lattice vibrations in crystals / 4:
Conduction electrons in a periodic potential / 5:
Electronic structure of pure elements in periodic table / 6:
Principles of measuring electronic structure related phenomena / 7:
Electronic structure calculations / 8:
Electronic structure of alloys / 9:
Electron transport properties in periodic systems (I) / 10:
Electronic transport properties in crystal metals (II) / 11:
Superconductivity / 12:
Magnetism, electronic structure and electron transport properties in magnetic metals / 13:
Electronic structure of strongly correlated electron systems / 14:
Electronic structure and electron transport properties of liquid metals, amorphous metals and quasicrystals / 15:
Introduction to electron theory of metals / 1:
Bonding styles and the free electron model / 2:
Electrons in a metal at finite temperatures / 3:
3.

電子ブック

EB
Harry Paul, Igor Jex
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2004
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4.

電子ブック

EB
Rashmi C. Desai, Raymond Kapral
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2009
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Preface
Self-organized and self-assembled structures / 1:
Order parameter, free energy and phase transitions / 2:
Free energy functional / 3:
Phase separation kinetics / 4:
Langevin model for nonconserved order parameter systems / 5:
Langevin model for conserved order parameter systems / 6:
Interface dynamics at late times / 7:
Domain growth and structure factor for model B / 8:
Order parameter correlation function / 9:
Vector order parameter and topological defects / 10:
Liquid crystals / 11:
Lifshitz-Slyozov-Wagner theory / 12:
Systems with long-range repulsive interactions / 13:
Kinetics of systems with competing interactions / 14:
Competing interactions and defect dynamics / 15:
Diffusively-rough interfaces / 16:
Morphological instability in solid films / 17:
Propagating chemical fronts / 18:
Transverse front instabilities / 19:
Cubic autocatalytic fronts / 20:
Competing interactions and front repulsion / 21:
Labyrinthine patterns in chemical systems / 22:
Turing patterns / 23:
Excitable media / 24:
Oscillatory media and complex Ginzburg-Landau equation / 25:
Spiral waves and defect turbulence / 26:
Complex-oscillatory media / 27:
Resonantly-forced oscillatory media / 28:
Nonequilibrium patterns in laser-induced melting / 29:
Reaction dynamics and phase segregation / 30:
Active materials / 31:
References
Index
Preface
Self-organized and self-assembled structures / 1:
Order parameter, free energy and phase transitions / 2:
5.

電子ブック

EB
Jerzy Plebanski, Andrzej Krasinski
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2006
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List of figures
The scope of this text
Acknowledgements
How the theory of relativity came into being (a brief historical sketch) / 1:
Special versus general relativity / 1.1:
Space and inertia in Newtonian physics / 1.2:
Newton's theory and the orbits of planets / 1.3:
The basic assumptions of general relativity / 1.4:
Elements of differential geometry / Part I:
A short sketch of 2-dimensional differential geometry / 2:
Constructing parallel straight lines in a flat space / 2.1:
Generalisation of the notion of parallelism to curved surfaces / 2.2:
Tensors, tensor densities / 3:
What are tensors good for? / 3.1:
Differentiable manifolds / 3.2:
Scalars / 3.3:
Contravariant vectors / 3.4:
Covariant vectors / 3.5:
Tensors of second rank / 3.6:
Tensor densities / 3.7:
Tensor densities of arbitrary rank / 3.8:
Algebraic properties of tensor densities / 3.9:
Mappings between manifolds / 3.10:
The Levi-Civita symbol / 3.11:
Multidimensional Kronecker deltas / 3.12:
Examples of applications of the Levi-Civita symbol and of the multidimensional Kronecker delta / 3.13:
Exercises / 3.14:
Covariant derivatives / 4:
Differentiation of tensors / 4.1:
Axioms of the covariant derivative / 4.2:
A field of bases on a manifold and scalar components of tensors / 4.3:
The affine connection / 4.4:
The explicit formula for the covariant derivative of tensor density fields / 4.5:
Parallel transport and geodesic lines / 4.6:
Parallel transport / 5.1:
Geodesic lines / 5.2:
The curvature of a manifold; flat manifolds / 5.3:
The commutator of second covariant derivatives / 6.1:
The commutator of directional covariant derivatives / 6.2:
The relation between curvature and parallel transport / 6.3:
Covariantly constant fields of vector bases / 6.4:
A torsion-free flat manifold / 6.5:
Parallel transport in a flat manifold / 6.6:
Geodesic deviation / 6.7:
Algebraic and differential identities obeyed by the curvature tensor / 6.8:
Riemannian geometry / 6.9:
The metric tensor / 7.1:
Riemann spaces / 7.2:
The signature of a metric, degenerate metrics / 7.3:
Christoffel symbols / 7.4:
The curvature of a Riemann space / 7.5:
Flat Riemann spaces / 7.6:
Subspaces of a Riemann space / 7.7:
Flat Riemann spaces that are globally non-Euclidean / 7.8:
The Riemann curvature versus the normal curvature of a surface / 7.9:
The geodesic line as the line of extremal distance / 7.10:
Mappings between Riemann spaces / 7.11:
Conformally related Riemann spaces / 7.12:
Conformal curvature / 7.13:
Timelike, null and spacelike intervals in a 4-dimensional spacetime / 7.14:
Embeddings of Riemann spaces in Riemann spaces of higher dimension / 7.15:
The Petrov classification / 7.16:
Symmetries of Riemann spaces, invariance of tensors / 7.17:
Symmetry transformations / 8.1:
The Killing equations / 8.2:
The connection between generators and the invariance transformations / 8.3:
Finding the Killing vector fields / 8.4:
Invariance of other tensor fields / 8.5:
The Lie derivative / 8.6:
The algebra of Killing vector fields / 8.7:
Surface-forming vector fields / 8.8:
Spherically symmetric 4-dimensional Riemann spaces / 8.9:
Conformal Killing fields and their finite basis / 8.10:
The maximal dimension of an invariance group / 8.11:
Methods to calculate the curvature quickly - Cartan forms and algebraic computer programs / 8.12:
The basis of differential forms / 9.1:
The connection forms / 9.2:
The Riemann tensor / 9.3:
Using computers to calculate the curvature / 9.4:
The spatially homogeneous Bianchi type spacetimes / 9.5:
The Bianchi classification of 3-dimensional Lie algebras / 10.1:
The dimension of the group versus the dimension of the orbit / 10.2:
Action of a group on a manifold / 10.3:
Groups acting transitively, homogeneous spaces / 10.4:
Invariant vector fields / 10.5:
The metrics of the Bianchi-type spacetimes / 10.6:
The isotropic Bianchi-type (Robertson-Walker) spacetimes / 10.7:
The Petrov classification by the spinor method / 10.8:
What is a spinor? / 11.1:
Translating spinors to tensors and vice versa / 11.2:
The spinor image of the Weyl tensor / 11.3:
The Petrov classification in the spinor representation / 11.4:
The Weyl spinor represented as a 3 x 3 complex matrix / 11.5:
The equivalence of the Penrose classes to the Petrov classes / 11.6:
The Petrov classification by the Debever method / 11.7:
The theory of gravitation / 11.8:
The Einstein equations and the sources of a gravitational field / 12:
Why Riemannian geometry? / 12.1:
Local inertial frames / 12.2:
Trajectories of free motion in Einstein's theory / 12.3:
Special relativity versus gravitation theory / 12.4:
The Newtonian limit of relativity / 12.5:
Sources of the gravitational field / 12.6:
The Einstein equations / 12.7:
Hilbert's derivation of the Einstein equations / 12.8:
The Palatini variational principle / 12.9:
The asymptotically Cartesian coordinates and the asymptotically flat spacetime / 12.10:
The Newtonian limit of Einstein's equations / 12.11:
Examples of sources in the Einstein equations: perfect fluid and dust / 12.12:
Equations of motion of a perfect fluid / 12.13:
The cosmological constant / 12.14:
An example of an exact solution of Einstein's equations: a Bianchi type I spacetime with dust source / 12.15:
Other gravitation theories / 12.16:
The Brans-Dicke theory / 12.16.1:
The Bergmann-Wagoner theory / 12.16.2:
The conformally invariant Canuto theory / 12.16.3:
The Einstein-Cartan theory / 12.16.4:
The bi-metric Rosen theory / 12.16.5:
Matching solutions of Einstein's equations / 12.17:
The weak-field approximation to general relativity / 12.18:
The Maxwell and Einstein-Maxwell equations and the Kaluza-Klein theory / 12.19:
The Lorentz-covariant description of electromagnetic field / 13.1:
The covariant form of the Maxwell equations / 13.2:
The energy-momentum tensor of an electromagnetic field / 13.3:
The Einstein-Maxwell equations / 13.4:
The variational principle for the Einstein-Maxwell equations / 13.5:
The Kaluza-Klein theory / 13.6:
Spherically symmetric gravitational fields of isolated objects / 13.7:
The curvature coordinates / 14.1:
Symmetry inheritance / 14.2:
Spherically symmetric electromagnetic field in vacuum / 14.3:
The Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstrom solutions / 14.4:
Orbits of planets in the gravitational field of the Sun / 14.5:
Deflection of light rays in the Schwarzschild field / 14.6:
Measuring the deflection of light rays / 14.7:
Gravitational lenses / 14.8:
The spurious singularity of the Schwarzschild solution at r = 2m / 14.9:
Embedding the Schwarzschild spacetime in a flat Riemannian space / 14.10:
Interpretation of the spurious singularity at r = 2m; black holes / 14.11:
The Schwarzschild solution in other coordinate systems / 14.12:
The equation of hydrostatic equilibrium / 14.13:
The 'interior Schwarzschild solution' / 14.14:
The maximal analytic extension of the Reissner-Nordstrom solution / 14.15:
Motion of particles in the Reissner-Nordstrom spacetime with e[superscript 2] < m[superscript 2] / 14.16:
Relativistic hydrodynamics and thermodynamics / 14.17:
Motion of a continuous medium in Newtonian mechanics / 15.1:
Motion of a continuous medium in relativistic mechanics / 15.2:
The equations of evolution of [Theta], [sigma subscript alpha beta], [omega subscript alpha beta] and u[superscript alpha]; the Raychaudhuri equation / 15.3:
Singularities and singularity theorems / 15.4:
Relativistic thermodynamics / 15.5:
Relativistic cosmology I: general geometry / 15.6:
A continuous medium as a model of the Universe / 16.1:
Optical observations in the Universe - part I / 16.2:
The geometric optics approximation / 16.2.1:
The redshift / 16.2.2:
The optical tensors / 16.3:
The apparent horizon / 16.4:
The double-null tetrad / 16.5:
The Goldberg-Sachs theorem / 16.6:
Optical observations in the Universe - part II / 16.7:
The area distance / 16.7.1:
The reciprocity theorem / 16.7.2:
Other observable quantities / 16.7.3:
Relativistic cosmology II: the Robertson-Walker geometry / 16.8:
The Robertson-Walker metrics as models of the Universe / 17.1:
Optical observations in an R-W Universe / 17.2:
The redshift-distance relation / 17.2.1:
Number counts / 17.2.3:
The Friedmann equations and the critical density / 17.3:
The Friedmann solutions with [Lambda] = 0 / 17.4:
The redshift-distance relation in the [Lambda] = 0 Friedmann models / 17.4.1:
The Newtonian cosmology / 17.5:
The Friedmann solutions with the cosmological constant / 17.6:
Horizons in the Robertson-Walker models / 17.7:
The inflationary models and the 'problems' they solved / 17.8:
The value of the cosmological constant / 17.9:
Then 'history of the Universe' / 17.10:
Invariant definitions of the Robertson-Walker models / 17.11:
Different representations of the R-W metrics / 17.12:
Relativistic cosmology III: the Lemaitre-Tolman geometry / 17.13:
The comoving-synchronous coordinates / 18.1:
The spherically symmetric inhomogeneous models / 18.2:
The Lemaitre-Tolman model / 18.3:
Conditions of regularity at the centre / 18.4:
Formation of voids in the Universe / 18.5:
Formation of other structures in the Universe / 18.6:
Density to density evolution / 18.6.1:
Velocity to density evolution / 18.6.2:
Velocity to velocity evolution / 18.6.3:
The influence of cosmic expansion on planetary orbits / 18.7:
Apparent horizons in the L-T model / 18.8:
Black holes in the evolving Universe / 18.9:
Shell crossings and necks/wormholes / 18.10:
E < 0 / 18.10.1:
E = 0 / 18.10.2:
E > 0 / 18.10.3:
The influence of inhomogeneities in matter distribution on the cosmic microwave background radiation / 18.11:
Matching the L-T model to the Schwarzschild and Friedmann solutions / 18.13:
General properties of the Big Bang/Big Crunch singularities in the L-T model / 18.14:
Extending the L-T spacetime through a shell crossing singularity / 18.15:
Singularities and cosmic censorship / 18.16:
Solving the 'horizon problem' without inflation / 18.17:
The evolution of R(t, M) versus the evolution of [rho](t, M) / 18.18:
Increasing and decreasing density perturbations / 18.19:
L&T curio shop / 18.20:
Lagging cores of the Big Bang / 18.20.1:
Strange or non-intuitive properties of the L-T model / 18.20.2:
Chances to fit the L-T model to observations / 18.20.3:
An 'in one ear and out the other' Universe / 18.20.4:
A 'string of beads' Universe / 18.20.5:
Uncertainties in inferring the spatial distribution of matter / 18.20.6:
Is the matter distribution in our Universe fractal? / 18.20.7:
General results related to the L-T models / 18.20.8:
Relativistic cosmology IV: generalisations of L-T and related geometries / 18.21:
The plane- and hyperbolically symmetric spacetimes / 19.1:
G[subscript 3]/S[subscript 2]-symmetric dust solutions with R, [subscript r not equal] 0 / 19.2:
G[subscript 3]/S[subscript 2]-symmetric dust in electromagnetic field, the case R, [subscript r not equal] 0 / 19.3:
Integrals of the field equations / 19.3.1:
Matching the charged dust metric to the Reissner-Nordstrom metric / 19.3.2:
Prevention of the Big Crunch singularity by electric charge / 19.3.3:
Charged dust in curvature and mass-curvature coordinates / 19.3.4:
Regularity conditions at the centre / 19.3.5:
Shell crossings in charged dust / 19.3.6:
The Datt-Ruban solution / 19.4:
The Szekeres-Szafron family of solutions / 19.5:
The [Beta], [subscript z] = 0 subfamily / 19.5.1:
The [Beta], [subscript z] = [not equal] 0 subfamily / 19.5.2:
Interpretation of the Szekeres-Szafron coordinates / 19.5.3:
Common properties of the two subfamilies / 19.5.4:
The invariant definitions of the Szekeres-Szafron metrics / 19.5.5:
The Szekeres solutions and their properties / 19.6:
The [Beta], [subscript z not equal] 0 subfamily / 19.6.1:
The [Beta], [subscript z] = 0 family as a limit of the [Beta], [subscript z not equal] 0 family / 19.6.3:
Properties of the quasi-spherical Szekeres solutions with [Beta], [subscript z not equal] 0 = [Lambda] / 19.7:
Basic physical restrictions / 19.7.1:
The significance of [epsilon] / 19.7.2:
Conditions of regularity at the origin / 19.7.3:
Shell crossings / 19.7.4:
Regular maxima and minima / 19.7.5:
The apparent horizons / 19.7.6:
Szekeres wormholes and their properties / 19.7.7:
The mass-dipole / 19.7.8:
The Goode-Wainwright representation of the Szekeres solutions / 19.8:
Selected interesting subcases of the Szekeres-Szafron family / 19.9:
The Szafron-Wainwright model / 19.9.1:
The toroidal Universe of Senin / 19.9.2:
The discarded case in (19.103)-(19.112) / 19.10:
The Kerr solution / 19.11:
The Kerr-Schild metrics / 20.1:
The derivation of the Kerr solution by the original method / 20.2:
Basic properties / 20.3:
Derivation of the Kerr metric by Carter's method - from the separability of the Klein-Gordon equation / 20.4:
The event horizons and the stationary limit hypersurfaces / 20.5:
General geodesics / 20.6:
Geodesics in the equatorial plane / 20.7:
The maximal analytic extension of the Kerr spacetime / 20.8:
The Penrose process / 20.9:
Stationary-axisymmetric spacetimes and locally nonrotating observers / 20.10:
Ellipsoidal spacetimes / 20.11:
A Newtonian analogue of the Kerr solution / 20.12:
A source of the Kerr field? / 20.13:
Subjects omitted from this book / 20.14:
References
Index
Elements of Differential Geometry
A short sketch of two-dimensional differential geometries
Curvature of a manifold: flat manifolds
Symmetries of Rieman spaces, invariance of tensors
The spatially homogeneous Bianchi-type spacetimes
The Gravitation Theory
Spherically symmetric gravitational field of isolated objects
Relativistic cosmology III: the Lemaître-Tolman geometry
Subjects omitted in this book
List of figures
The scope of this text
Acknowledgements
6.

電子ブック

EB
Brian Cowan
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1997
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Introduction / 1:
Theoretical background / 2:
Detection methods / 3:
Classical view of relaxation / 4:
Quantum treatment of relaxation / 5:
Dipolar lineshapes in solids / 6:
Relaxation in liquids / 7:
Some case studies / 8:
The density operator and applications / 9:
NMR imaging
Fourier transformation / Appendix A:
Random functions / Appendix B:
Interaction picture / Appendix C:
Magnetic fields and canonical momentum / Appendix D:
Alternative classical treatment of relaxation / Appendix E:
Gm(t) for rotationally invariant systems / Appendix F:
P(omega, omega zero, t) for rotational diffusion / Appendix G:
Introduction / 1:
Theoretical background / 2:
Detection methods / 3:
7.

電子ブック

EB
Michel Le Bellac
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1996
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Quantum statistical mechanics / 2:
The scalar field at finite temperature / 3:
Simple applications of perturbation / 4:
Dirac and gauge fields at finite temperature / 5:
Collective excitations in a plasma / 6:
Hard thermal loops and resummation / 7:
Dynamical screening / 8:
Neutrino emission from stars / 9:
Infrared problems at finite temperature / 10:
Appendices
References
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Quantum statistical mechanics / 2:
8.

電子ブック

EB
Carlo Rovelli, D. R. Nelson, S. Weinberg, P. V. Landshoff
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2004
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Preface
Acknowledgements
Terminology and notation
Relativistic Foundations / Part I:
General relativity / 1:
Relativistic mechanics / 2:
Hamiltonian general relativity / 4:
Quantum mechanics / 5:
Loop Quantum Gravity / Part II:
Quantum space / 6:
Quantum spacetime: the Hamiltonian operator / 7:
Matter / 8:
Applications / 9:
Quantum spacetime: spinfoams / 10:
Discussion / 11:
Appendices / Part III:
Mathematical appendices / A:
History / B:
On method and truth / C:
References
General ideas and heuristic picture
Mechanics
Dynamics and matter
Conclusion
Appendices: References
Index
Preface
Acknowledgements
Terminology and notation
9.

電子ブック

EB
Allan Griffin, Tetsuro Nikuni, Eugene Zaremba
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2009
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Preface
Overview and introduction / 1:
Historical overview of Bose superfluids / 1.1:
Summary of chapters / 1.2:
Condensate dynamics at T = 0 / 2:
Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation / 2.1:
Bogoliubov equations for condensate fluctuations / 2.2:
Coupled equations for the condensate and thermal cloud / 3:
Generalized GP equation for the condensate / 3.1:
Boltzmann equation for the noncondensate atoms / 3.2:
Solutions in thermal equilibrium / 3.3:
Region of validity of the ZNG equations / 3.4:
Green's functions and self-energy approximations / 4:
Overview of Green's function approach / 4.1:
Nonequilibrium Green's functions in normal systems / 4.2:
Green's functions in a Bose-condensed gas / 4.3:
Classification of self-energy approximations / 4.4:
Dielectric formalism / 4.5:
The Beliaev and the time-dependent HFB approximations / 5:
Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov self-energies / 5.1:
Beliaev self-energy approximation / 5.2:
Beliave as time-dependent HFB / 5.3:
Density response in the Beliaev-Popov approximation / 5.4:
Kadanoff-Baym derivation of the ZNG equations / 6:
Kadanoff-Baym formalism for Bose superfluids / 6.1:
Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov equations / 6.2:
Derivation of a kinetic equation with collisions / 6.3:
Collision integrals in the Hartree-Fock approximation / 6.4:
Generalized GP equation / 6.5:
Linearized collision integrals in collisionless theories / 6.6:
Kinetic equation for Bogoliubov thermal excitations / 7:
Generalized kinetic equation / 7.1:
Kinetic equation in the Bogoliubov-Popov approximation / 7.2:
Comments on improved theory / 7.3:
Static thermal cloud approximation / 8:
Condensate collective modes at finite temperatures / 8.1:
Phenomenological GP equations with dissipation / 8.2:
Relation to Pitaevskii's theory of superfluid relaxation / 8.3:
Vortices and vortex lattices at finite temperatures / 9:
Rotating frames of reference: classical treatment / 9.1:
Rotating frames of reference: quantum treatment / 9.2:
Transformation of the kinetic equation / 9.3:
Zaremba-Nikuni-Griffin equations in a rotating frame / 9.4:
Stationary states / 9.5:
Stationary vortex states at zero temperature / 9.6:
Equilibrium vortex state at finite temperatures / 9.7:
Nonequilibrium vortex states / 9.8:
Dynamics at finite temperatures using the moment method / 10:
Bose gas above TBEC / 10.1:
Scissors oscillations in a two-component superfluid / 10.2:
The moment of inertia and superfluid response / 10.3:
Numerical simulation of the ZNG equations / 11:
The generalized Gross-Pitaevskii equation / 11.1:
Collisionless particle evolution / 11.2:
Collisions / 11.3:
Self-consistent equilibrium properties / 11.4:
Equilibrium collision rates / 11.5:
Simulation of collective modes at finite temperature / 12:
Equilibration / 12.1:
Dipole oscillations / 12.2:
Radial breathing mode / 12.3:
Scissors mode oscillations / 12.4:
Quadrupole collective modes / 12.5:
Transverse breathing mode / 12.6:
Landau damping in trapped Bose-condensed gases / 13:
Landau damping in a uniform Bose gas / 13.1:
Landau damping in a trapped Bose gas / 13.2:
Numerical results for Landau damping / 13.3:
Landau's theory of superfluidity / 14:
History of two-fluid equations / 14.1:
First and second sound / 14.2:
Dynamic structure factor in the two-fluid region / 14.3:
Two-fluid hydrodynamics in a dilute Bose gas / 15:
Equations of motion for local equilibrium / 15.1:
Equivalence to the Landau two-fluid equations / 15.2:
First and second sound in a Bose-condensed gas / 15.3:
Hydrodynamic modes in a trapped normal Bose gas / 15.4:
Variational formulation of the Landau two-fluid equations / 16:
Zilsel's variational formulation / 16.1:
The action integral for two-fluid hydrodynamics / 16.2:
Hydrodynamic modes in a trapped gas / 16.3:
Two-fluid modes in the BCS-BEC crossover at unitarity / 16.4:
The Landau-Khalatnikov two-fluid equations / 17:
The Chapman-Enskog solution of the kinetic equation / 17.1:
Deviation from local equilibrium / 17.2:
Equivalence to Landau-Khalatnikov two-fluid equations / 17.3:
The C12 collisions and the second viscosity coefficients / 17.4:
Transport coefficients and relaxation times / 18:
Transport coefficients in trapped Bose gases / 18.1:
Relaxation times for the approach to local equilibrium / 18.2:
Kinetic equations versus Kubo formulas / 18.3:
General theory of damping of hydrodynamic modes / 19:
Review of coupled equations for hydrodynamic modes / 19.1:
Normal mode frequencies / 19.2:
General expression for damping of hydrodynamic modes / 19.3:
Hydrodynamic damping in a normal Bose gas / 19.4:
Hydrodynamic damping in a superfluid Bose gas / 19.5:
Monte Carlo calculation of collision rates / Appendix A:
Evaluation of transport coefficients: technical details / Appendix B:
Frequency-dependent transport coefficients / Appendix C:
Derivation of hydrodynamic damping formula / Appendix D:
References
Index
Preface
Overview and introduction / 1:
Historical overview of Bose superfluids / 1.1:
10.

電子ブック

EB
Thomas Thiemann
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2007
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Notation and conventions
Introduction
Classical Foundations, Interpretation and the Canonical Quantisation Programme / Part 1:
Classical Hamiltonian formulation of general relativity / 1:
The problem of time, locality and the interpretation of quantum mechanics / 2:
The programme of canonical quantisation / 3:
The new canonical variables of Ashtekar for general relativity / 4:
Foundations of Modern Canonical Quantum General Relativity / Part 2:
he holonomy-flux algebra [P] / 5:
quantum -algebra / 7. Step II:
representation theory of [A] / 8. Step III:
Implementation and solution of the kinematical constraints / 9. Step IV:
implementation and solution of the Hamiltonian constraint / 10. Step V:
semiclassical analysis / 11. Step VI:
Physical Applications / Part 3:
Extension to standard matter / 12:
Kinematical geometrical operators / 13:
Spin foam models / 14:
Quantum black hole physics / 15:
Applications to particle physics and quantum cosmology / 16:
Loop quantum gravity phenomenology / 17:
Mathematical Tools and their Connection to Physics / Part 4:
Tools from general topology / 18:
Differential, Riemannian, symplectic and complex geometry / 19:
Semianalytical category / 20:
Elements of fibre bundle theory / 21:
Holonomies on non-trivial fibre bundles / 22:
Geometric quantisation / 23:
The Dirac algorithm for field theories with constraints / 24:
Tools from measure theory / 25:
Elementary introduction to Gel'fand theory for Abelean C* algebras / 26:
Bohr compactification of the real line / 27:
Operatir -algebras and spectral theorem / 28:
Refined algebraic quantisation (RAQ) and direct integral decomposition (DID) / 29:
Basics of harmonic analysis on compact Lie groups / 30:
Spin network functions for SU(2) / 31:
+ Functional analytical description of classical connection dynamics / 32:
Bibliography
Index
Preface
Step I: the holonomy-flux algebra [P] / Part I:
Step II: quantum-algebra / 7:
Step III: representation theory of [A] / 8:
Step IV / 9:
Step V / 10:
Implementation and solution of the Hamiltonian constraint
Step VI: semiclassical analysis / 11:
Notation and conventions
Introduction
Classical Foundations, Interpretation and the Canonical Quantisation Programme / Part 1:
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Ivo Sachs, Siddartha Sen, Siddhartha Sen, James Sexton
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2006
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Preface
List of fundamental physical constraints
The problem / 1:
Statistical mechanics / 2:
Variations of a theme / 3:
Handling interactions / 4:
Monte Carlo integration / 5:
Numerical molecular dynamics / 6:
Quantum statistical mechanics / 7:
Astrophysics / 8:
Non-relativistic quantum field theory / 9:
Superfluidity / 10:
Path integrals / 11:
A second look / 12:
Phase transitions and the renormalization group / 13:
Index
Preface
List of fundamental physical constraints
The problem / 1:
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Les Kirkup, Bob Frenkel, R. B. Frenkel, Robert B. Frenkel, L. Kirkup
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2006
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Preface
The importance of uncertainty in science and technology / 1:
Measurement fundamentals / 2:
Terms used in measurement / 3:
Introduction to uncertainty in measurement / 4:
Some statistical concepts / 5:
Systematic errors / 6:
Calculation of uncertainties / 7:
Probability density, the Gaussian distribution and the Central Limit Theorem / 8:
Sampling a Gaussian distribution / 9:
The t-distribution, and the Welch-Satterthwaite formula / 10:
Case studies in measurement uncertainty / 11:
Appendices
References
Index
Measurement matters / 1.1:
Review / 1.2:
The system of units of measurement / 2.1:
Scientific and engineering notations / 2.2:
Rounding and significant figures / 2.3:
Another way of expressing proportional uncertainty / 2.4:
Measurement and related terms / 2.5:
Measurement and error / 3.2:
Uncertainty is a parameter that characterises the dispersion of values / 4.2:
Standard deviation as a basic measure of uncertainty / 4.3:
The uncertainty in the estimate of uncertainty / 4.4:
Combining standard uncertainties / 4.5:
Sampling from a population / 4.6:
The least-squares model and least-squares fitting / 5.2:
Covariance and correlation / 5.3:
Systematic error revealed by specific information / 5.4:
Systematic error revealed by changed conditions / 6.2:
The measurand model and propagation of uncertainties from inputs to measurand / 6.3:
Correlated inputs / 7.2:
Probability density, the Gaussian distribution and central limit theorem / 7.3:
Distribution of scores when tossing coins or dice / 8.1:
General properties of probability density / 8.2:
The uniform or rectangular distribution / 8.3:
The Gaussian distribution / 8.4:
Experimentally observed non-Gaussian distributions / 8.5:
The central limit theorem / 8.6:
Sampling the distribution of the mean of a sample of size n, from a Gaussian population / 8.7:
Sampling the distribution of the variance of a sample of size n, from a Gaussian population / 9.2:
Sampling the distribution of the standard deviation of a sample of size n, from a Gaussian population / 9.3:
The t-distribution and Welch-Satterthwaite formula / 9.4:
The coverage interval for a Gaussian distribution / 10.1:
The coverage interval using a t-distribution / 10.2:
The Welch-Satterthwaite formula / 10.3:
Reporting measurement results / 10.4:
Determination of the coefficient of static friction for glass on glass / 11.2:
A crater-formation experiment / 11.3:
Determination of the density of steel / 11.4:
The rate of evaporation of water from an open container / 11.5:
Solutions to exercises / 11.6:
95% Coverage factors, k, as a function of the number of degrees of freedom, v / Appendix B:
Further discussion following from the Welch-Satterthwaite formula / Appendix C:
Preface
The importance of uncertainty in science and technology / 1:
Measurement fundamentals / 2:
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Marián Fecko
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2006
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Introduction
The concept of a manifold / 1:
Vector and tensor fields / 2:
Mappings of tensors induced by mappings of manifolds / 3:
Lie derivative / 4:
Exterior algebra / 5:
Differential calculus of forms / 6:
Integral calculus of forms / 7:
Particular cases and applications of Stoke's Theorem / 8:
PoincarÃ(c) Lemma and cohomologies / 9:
Lie Groups - basic facts / 10:
Differential geometry of Lie Groups / 11:
Representations of Lie Groups and Lie Algebras / 12:
Actions of Lie Groups and Lie Algebras on manifolds / 13:
Hamiltonian mechanics and symplectic manifolds / 14:
Parallel transport and linear connection on M / 15:
Field theory and the language of forms / 16:
Differential geometry on TM and T*M / 17:
Hamiltonian and Lagrangian equations / 18:
Linear connection and the frame bundle / 19:
Connection on a principal G-bundle / 20:
Gauge theories and connections / 21:
Spinor fields and Dirac operator / 22:
Appendices
Bibliography
Index
Particular cases and applications of Stoke's Theorem
Poincaré Lemma and cohomologies
Introduction
The concept of a manifold / 1:
Vector and tensor fields / 2:
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Maurizio Gasperini
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2007
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Preface
Acknowledgements
Notation, units and conventions
A short review of standard and inflationary cosmology / 1:
The basic string cosmology equations / 2:
Conformal invariance and string effective action / 3:
Duality symmetries and cosmological solutions / 4:
Inflationary kinematics / 5:
The string phase / 6:
The cosmic background of relic gravitational waves / 7:
Scalar perturbations and the anisotropy of the CMB radiation / 8:
Dilaton phenomenology / 9:
Elements of brane cosmology / 10:
Index
Preface
Acknowledgements
Notation, units and conventions
15.

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Jorge Kohanoff
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2006
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Preface
List of symbols
List of acronyms
Theory / Part I:
The problem of the structure of matter / 1:
Adiabatic approximation / 1.1:
Classical nuclei approximation / 1.2:
The electronic problem / 2:
Screening: Gouy-Chapman and Debye-Huckel analysis / 2.1:
The pair correlation function / 2.2:
Many-body theory of electronic systems / 2.3:
Quantum many-body theory: chemical approaches / 3:
The Hartree-Fock approximation / 3.1:
Post-Hartree-Fock methods / 3.2:
Density functional theory / 4:
Thomas-Fermi theory / 4.1:
Modern density functional theory / 4.2:
Kinetic correlation: the adiabatic connection / 4.3:
Some observations about Kohn-Sham theory / 4.4:
Exchange and correlation in DFT: approximations and their performances / 5:
The local density approximation / 5.1:
Gradient expansions / 5.2:
Non-locality: the weighted density approximation / 5.3:
Hybrid HF-KS approaches / 5.4:
Exact exchange: the optimized effective potential method / 5.5:
Orbital-dependent correlation functionals / 5.6:
Van der Waals (dispersion) interactions / 5.7:
Green's function approach: the GW approximation / 5.8:
Strong correlations: LDA+U and LDA+DMFT / 5.9:
Summary of exchange-correlation functionals / 5.10:
Computational methods / Part II:
Solving the electronic problem in practice / 6:
Kohn-Sham and Hartree-Fock equations / 6.1:
Condensed phases: Bloch's theorem and periodic boundary conditions / 6.2:
Atomic pseudopotentials / 7:
Pseudopotential theory / 7.1:
Construction of pseudopotentials / 7.2:
Separable form of atomic pseudopotentials / 7.3:
Ultrasoft pseudopotentials / 7.4:
Some practical aspects of pseudopotentials / 7.5:
Basis sets / 8:
Periodic systems / 8.1:
Plane waves / 8.2:
Other floating basis sets / 8.3:
Atom-centered basis sets / 8.4:
Mixed basis sets / 8.5:
Augmented basis ets / 8.6:
Electronic structure methods / 9:
Multiple scattering methods: the KKR approach / 9.1:
All-electron methods based on augmentation spheres / 9.2:
The pseudopotential plane wave method (PPW) / 9.3:
Gaussian basis sets / 9.4:
Simplified approaches to the electronic problem / 10:
Tight-binding methods / 10.1:
Semiempirical approaches in quantum chemistry / 10.2:
Relation between tight-binding and semiempirical methods / 10.3:
Many-body classical potentials / 10.4:
Classical force fields / 10.5:
Hybrid QM-MM methods / 10.6:
Orbital-free density functional approaches / 10.7:
Diagonalization and electronic self-consistency / 11:
Diagonalization / 11.1:
Self-consistency: mixing schemes / 11.2:
Direct minimization of the electronic energy functional / 11.3:
First-principles molecular dynamics (Car-Parrinello) / 12:
Density functional molecular dynamics / 12.1:
The Car-Parrinello Lagrangian / 12.2:
The Car-Parrinello equations of motion / 12.3:
Orthonormalization / 12.4:
Pre-conditioning / 12.5:
Performance of CPMD / 12.6:
Index
Preface
List of symbols
List of acronyms
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Clark S. Lindsey, Thomas Lindblad, J. S. Tolliver, Johnny S. Tolliver
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2005
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Introduction to Java / Part I:
Introduction / 1:
Language basics / 2:
Classes and objects in Java / 3:
More about objects in Java / 4:
Organising Java files and other practicalities / 5:
Java graphics / 6:
Graphical user interfaces / 7:
Threads / 8:
Java input/output / 9:
Java utilities / 10:
Image handling and processing / 11:
More techniques and tips / 12:
Java and the Network / Part II:
Java networking basics / 13:
A Java web server / 14:
Client/server with sockets / 15:
Distributed computing / 16:
Distributed computing - the client / 17:
Java remote method invocation (RMI) / 18:
Corba / 19:
Distributed computing - putting it all together / 20:
Introduction to web services and XML / 21:
Out of the Sandbox / Part III:
The Java native interface (JNI) / 22:
Accessing the platform / 23:
Embedded Java / 24:
Appendices
Introduction to Java / Part I:
Introduction / 1:
Language basics / 2:
17.

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Daniele Oriti
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2009
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List of contributors page
Preface
Fundamental ideas and general formalisms / Part I:
Unfinished revolution / C. Rovelli1:
The fundamental nature of space and time / G. 't Hooft2:
Does locality fail at intermediate length scales? / R. D. Sorkin3:
Prolegomena to any future Quantum Gravity / J. Stachel4:
Spacetime symmetries in histories canonical gravity / N. Savvidou5:
Categorical geometry and the mathematical foundations of Quantum Gravity / L. Crane6:
Emergent relativity / O. Dreyer7:
Asymptotic Safety / R. Percacci8:
New directions in background independent Quantum Gravity / F. Markopoulou9:
Questions and answers
String/M-theory / Part II:
Gauge/gravity duality / G. Horowitz ; J. Polchinski10:
String theory, holography and Quantum Gravity / T. Banks11:
String field theory / W. Taylor12:
Loop quantum gravity and spin foam models / Part III:
Loop quantum gravity / T. Thiemann13:
Covariant loop quantum gravity? / E. Livine14:
The spin foam representation of loop quantum gravity / A. Perez15:
Three-dimensional spin foam Quantum Gravity / L. Freidel16:
The group field theory approach to Quantum Gravity / D. Oriti17:
Discrete Quantum Gravity / Part IV:
Quantum Gravity: the art of building spacetime / J. Ambjørn ; J. Jurkiewicz ; R. Loll18:
Quantum Regge Calculus / R. Williams19:
Consistent discretizations as a road to Quantum Gravity / R. Gambini ; J. Pullin20:
The causal set approach to Quantum Gravity / J. Henson21:
Effective models and Quantum Gravity phenomenology / Part V:
Quantum Gravity phenomenology / G. Amelino-Camelia22:
Quantum Gravity and precision tests / C. Burgess23:
Algebraic approach to Quantum Gravity II: noncommutative spacetime / S. Majid24:
Doubly special relativity / J. Kowalski-Glikman25:
From quantum reference frames to deformed special relativity / F. Girelli26:
Lorentz invariance violation and its role in Quantum Gravity phenomenology / J. Collins ; D. Sudarsky27:
Generic predictions of quantum theories of gravity / L. Smolin28:
Index
List of contributors page
Preface
Fundamental ideas and general formalisms / Part I:
18.

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Brading, Katherine Brading, Elena Castellani
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2003
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Preface
Copyright acknowledgements
List of contributors
Introduction / 1:
Continuous Symmetries / Part I:
Classic texts: extracts from Weyl and Wigner / 2:
Review paper: On the significance of continuous symmetry to the foundations of physics / C. Martin3:
The philosophical roots of the gauge principle: Weyl and transcendental phenomenological idealism / T. Ryckman4:
Symmetries and Noether's theorems / K. A. Brading ; H. R. Brown5:
General covariance, gauge theories, and the Kretschmann objection / J. Norton6:
The interpretation of gauge symmetry / M. Redhead7:
Tracking down gauge: an ode to the constrained Hamiltonian formalism / J. Earman8:
Time-dependent symmetries: the link between gauge symmetries and indeterminism / D. Wallace9:
A fourth way to the Aharanov-Bohm effect / A. Nounou10:
Discrete Symmetries / Part II:
Classic texts: extracts from Lebniz / Kant ; Black11:
Review paper: Understanding permutation symmetry / S. French ; D. Rickles12:
Quarticles and the identity of discernibles / N. Hugget13:
Review paper: Handedness, parity violation, and the reality of space / O. Pooley14:
Mirror symmetry: what is it for a relational space to be orientable? / N. Huggett15:
Physics and Leibniz's principles / S. Saunders16:
Symmetry Breaking: 17: Classic texts: extracts from Curie and Weyl / Part III:
Extract from G. Jona-Lasinio: Cross-fertilization in theoretical physics: the case of condensed matter and particle physics / G. Jona-Lasinio18:
Review paper: On the meaning of symmetry breaking / E. Castellani19:
Rough guide to spontaneous symmetry breaking / 20:
Spontaneous symmetry breaking: theoretical arguments and philosophical problems / M. Morrison21:
General Interpretative Issues / Part IV:
Classic texts: extracts from Wigner / 22:
Symmetry as a guide to superfluous theoretical structure / J. Ismael ; B. van Fraassen23:
Notes on symmetries / G. Belot24:
Symmetry, objectivity, and design / P. Kosso25:
Symmetry and equivalence / 26:
Preface
Copyright acknowledgements
List of contributors
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David K. Ferry, David Ferry, Stephen Marshall Goodnick
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1997
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Introduction / 1:
Quantum confined systems / 2:
Transmission in nanostructures / 3:
Quantum dots and single electron phenomena / 4:
Interference in diffusive transport / 5:
Temperature decay of fluctuations / 6:
Non-equilibrium transport and nanodevices / 7:
Introduction / 1:
Quantum confined systems / 2:
Transmission in nanostructures / 3:
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Christopher Pethick, C. J. Pethick, H. Smith, Henrik Smith
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2002
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Introduction / 1:
The non-interacting Bose gas / 2:
Atomic properties / 3:
Trapping and cooling of atoms / 4:
Interactions between atoms / 5:
Theory of the condensed state / 6:
Dynamics of the condensate / 7:
Microscopic theory of the Bose gas / 8:
Rotating condensates / 9:
Superfluidity / 10:
Trapped clouds at non-zero temperature / 11:
Mixtures and spinor condensates / 12:
Interference and correlations / 13:
Fermions / 14:
Appendix. Fundamental constants
Index
Introduction / 1:
The non-interacting Bose gas / 2:
Atomic properties / 3:
21.

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Joseph Alan Rudnick, George David Gaspari
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2004
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Introduction to techniques / 1:
Generating functions I / 2:
Generating functions II: recurrence, sites visited and the role of dimensionality / 3:
Boundary conditions, steady state and the electrostatic analogy / 4:
Variations on the random walk / 5:
The shape of a random walk / 6:
Path integrals and self-avoidance / 7:
Properties of the random walk: introduction to scaling / 8:
Scaling of walks and critical phenomena / 9:
Walks and the O(n) model: mean field theory and spin waves / 10:
Scaling, fractals and renormalization / 11:
More on the renormalization group / 12:
Introduction to techniques / 1:
Generating functions I / 2:
Generating functions II: recurrence, sites visited and the role of dimensionality / 3:
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A. Walther
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1995
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Preface
Preview / Part I:
Some consequences of the wave equation / 1:
Geometrical Optics / Part II:
Fermat's principle / 2:
Path differentials / 3:
The structure of image forming pencils / 4:
Eikonal transformations / 5:
Perfect images / 6:
Aberrations / 7:
Radiometry / 8:
Paraxial Optics / Part III:
The small angle approximation / 9:
Paraxial calculations / 10:
Stops and pupils / 11:
Chromatic aberrations / 12:
Waves in Homogeneous Media / Part IV:
Waves / 13:
Wave propagation I: exact results / 14:
Wave propagation II: approximations / 15:
The stationary phase approximation / 16:
Wave Propagation Through Lenses / Part V:
Toward a wave theory of lenses / 17:
General propagation kernels / 18:
Paraxial wave propagation / 19:
The wave theory of image formation / 20:
Fourier optics / 21:
Perfect systems / Part VI:
The vicinity of an arbitrary ray / 23:
Third order aberrations / 24:
The small field approximation / 25:
Ray tracing / 26:
Applications / 27:
Gaussian beams / 28:
Concentric systems / 29:
Thin lenses / 30:
Mock ray tracing / 31:
Diffractive optical elements / 32:
Appendices
References
Fermat's principle
Aberrations and the wave theory
Bibliography
Index
Preface
Preview / Part I:
Some consequences of the wave equation / 1:
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Pierre Cartier, Cecile DeWitt-Morette, Cecile DeWitte-Morette
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2006
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Acknowledgements
List symbols, conventions, and formulary
The Physical and Mathematical Environment / Part I:
The physical and mathematical environment / 1:
Quantum Mechanics / Part II:
First lesson: gaussian integrals / 2:
Selected examples / 3:
Semiclassical expansion: WKB / 4:
Semiclassical expansion: beyond WKB / 5:
Quantum dynamics: path integrals and operator formalism / 6:
Methods from Differential Geometry / Part III:
Symmetries / 7:
Homotopy / 8:
Grassmann analysis: basics / 9:
Grassmann analysis: applications / 10:
Volume elements, divergences, gradients / 11:
Non-Gaussian Applications / Part IV:
Poisson processes in physics / 12:
A mathematical theory of Poisson processes / 13:
First exit time: energy problems / 14:
Problems in Quantum Field Theory / Part V:
Renormalization 1: an introduction / 15:
Renormalization 2: scaling / 16:
Renormalization 3: combinatorics / 17:
Volume elements in quantum field theory Bryce DeWitt / 18:
Projects / Part VI:
Forward and backward integrals: spaces of pointed paths / 19:
Product integrals / Appendix B:
A compendium of gaussian integrals / Appendix C:
Wick calculus Alexander Wurm / Appendix D:
The Jacobi operator / Appendix E:
Change of variables of integration / Appendix F:
Analytic properties of covariances / Appendix G:
Feynman's checkerboard / Appendix H:
Bibliography
Index
Acknowledgements
List symbols, conventions, and formulary
The Physical and Mathematical Environment / Part I:
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Joseph I. Kapusta, Charles Gale, Charles James Gale
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2005
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Preface
Preface to the Paperback Edition
Review of quantum statistical mechanics / 1:
Ensembles / 1.1:
One bosonic degree of freedom / 1.2:
One fermionic degree of freedom / 1.3:
Noninteracting particles in a box / 1.4:
Bibliography / 1.5:
Exercises / 1.6:
Functional integral representation of the partition function / 2:
Transition amplitude for bosons / 2.1:
Partition function for bosons / 2.2:
Neutral scalar field / 2.3:
Bose-Einstein condensation / 2.4:
Fermions / 2.5:
Remarks on functional integrals / 2.6:
Interactions and diagrammatic techniques / 2.7:
Perturbative expansion / 3.1:
Diagrammatic rules for [[lambda phis superscript 4]] theory / 3.2:
Propagator / 3.3:
First-order corrections to H and ln Z / 3.4:
Summation of infrared divergences / 3.5:
Yukawa theory / 3.6:
Remarks on real-time perturbation theory / 3.7:
Renormalization / 3.8:
Renormalizing [[lambda phis superscript 4]] theory / 4.1:
Renormalization group / 4.2:
Application to the partition function / 4.3:
Quantum electrodynamics / 4.4:
Quantizing the electromagnetic field / 5.1:
Blackbody radiation / 5.2:
Diagrammatic expansions / 5.3:
Photon self-energy / 5.4:
Loop corrections to In Z / 5.5:
Two loops / 5.5.1:
Ring diagrams / 5.5.2:
Three loops / 5.5.3:
White dwarf stars / 5.6:
Linear response theory / 5.7:
Linear response to an external field / 6.1:
Screening of static electric fields / 6.2:
Exact formula for screening length in QED / 6.3:
Plasma oscillations / 6.4:
Spontaneous symmetry breaking and restoration / 6.5:
Charged scalar field with negative mass-squared / 7.1:
Goldstone's theorem / 7.2:
Loop corrections / 7.3:
Higgs model / 7.4:
Quantum chromodynamics / 7.5:
Quarks and gluons / 8.1:
Asymptotic freedom / 8.2:
Perturbative evaluation of partition function / 8.3:
Instantons / 8.4:
Gluon propagator and linear response / 8.5:
Infrared problems / 8.6:
Deconfinement phase transition / 8.7:
Ultrarelativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions / 8.8:
Strange quark matter / 8.9:
Weak interactions / 8.10:
Weinberg-Salam model / 9.1:
Symmetry restoration / 9.2:
Early universe / 9.3:
Nuclear matter / 9.4:
Effective nuclear field theories / 10.1:
Dense nuclear matter / 10.2:
Liquid-gas phase transition / 10.3:
Pion problem / 10.4:
Neutron stars / 10.5:
Conclusion / 10.6:
Appendix
Thermodynamic relations / A.1:
High-temperature expansion / A.2:
Microcanonical and canonical ensembles / A.3:
References
Index
Renormalisation
Resummation and hard thermal loops
Lattice gauge theory
Hot hadronic matter / 11:
Nucleation theory / 13:
Heavy ion collisions / 14:
Astrophysics and cosmology / 15:
Preface
Preface to the Paperback Edition
Review of quantum statistical mechanics / 1:
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Yoshio Kuramoto, YÅ«suke Kato
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2009
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Claus Grupen, Boris A. Shwartz, Helmuth Spieler
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2008
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Preface to the first edition
Preface to the second edition
Introduction
Interactions of particles and radiation with matter / 1:
Characteristic properties of detectors / 2:
Units of radiation measurements and radiation sources / 3:
Accelerators / 4:
Main physical phenomena used for particle detection and basic counter types / 5:
Historical track detectors / 6:
Track detectors / 7:
Calorimetry / 8:
Particle identification / 9:
Neutrino detectors / 10:
Momentum measurement and muon detection / 11:
Ageing and radiation effects / 12:
Example of a general-purpose detector: Belle / 13:
Electronics / 14:
Data analysis / 15:
Applications of particle detectors outside particle physics / 16:
Glossary / 17:
Solutions / 18:
Resumé / 19:
Appendixes
Index
Resumé
Preface to the first edition
Preface to the second edition
Introduction
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Kim Sneppen, Giovanni Zocchi
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2005
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Preface
Introduction
What is special about living matter? / 1:
Polymer physics / 2:
DNA and RNA / 3:
Protein structure / 4:
Protein folding / 5:
Protein in action: molecular motors / 6:
Physics of genetic regulation: the [lambda]-phage in E. coli / 7:
Molecular networks / 8:
Evolution / 9:
Concepts from statistical mechanics and damped dynamics / Appendix:
Glossary
Index
Preface
Introduction
What is special about living matter? / 1:
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Giampiero Esposito, Giuseppe Marmo, E. C. G. Sudarshan, George Sudarshan
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2004
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Preface
Acknowledgements
From Classical to Wave Mechanics / Part 1:
Experimental foundations of quantum theory / 1:
Classical dynamics / 2:
Wave equations / 3:
Wave mechanics / 4:
Applications of wave mechanics / 5:
Introduction to spin / 6:
Perturbation theory / 7:
Scattering theory / 8:
Weyl Quantization and Algebraic Methods / Part 2:
Weyl quantization / 9:
Harmonic oscillators and quantum optics / 10:
Angular momentum operators / 11:
Algebraic methods for eigenvalue problems / 12:
From density matrix to geometric phases / 13:
Selected Topics / Part 3:
From classical to quantum statistical mechanics / 14:
Lagrangian and phase-space formulations / 15:
Dirac equation and no-interaction theorem / 16:
References
Index
From Classical to Wave Mechanics: / Part I:
Weyl Quantization and Algebraic Methods: / Part II:
Selected Topics: / Part III:
Preface
Acknowledgements
From Classical to Wave Mechanics / Part 1:
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Michael M. Woolfson
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1997
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Preface to the first edition
Preface to the second edition
The geometry of the crystalline state / 1:
The scattering of X-rays / 2:
Diffraction from a crystal / 3:
The Fourier transform / 4:
The experimental collection of diffraction data / 5:
The factors affecting X-ray intensities / 6:
The determination of space groups / 7:
The determination of crystal structures / 8:
Accuracy and refinement processes / 9:
References
Appendices
Physical constants and tables
Solutions to examples
Bibliography
Index
Preface to the first edition
Preface to the second edition
The geometry of the crystalline state / 1:
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B. L. Ioffe, V. S. Fadin, Viktor Sergeevich Fadin, L. N. Lipatov, Lev Nikolaevich Lipatov
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge University Press, 2010
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General properties of QCD / 1:
Chiral symmetry and its spontaneous violation / 2:
Anomalies / 3:
Instantons and topological quantum numbers / 4:
Divergence of perturbative series / 5:
QCD sum rules / 6:
Evolution equations / 7:
QCD jets / 8:
BFKL approach / 9:
Further developments in high energy QCD / 10:
Index
General properties of QCD / 1:
Chiral symmetry and its spontaneous violation / 2:
Anomalies / 3:
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Peter T. Landsberg
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1992
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List of main symbols
Note on units
Introduction
Semiconductor statistics / 1:
Recombination statistics / 2:
Auger effects and impact ionization (mainly for bands) / 3:
Radiative recombination (mainly for bands) / 4:
Defects / 5:
Multiphonon recombination T. Markvart / 6:
Recombination in low-dimensional semiconductor structures R. I. Taylor / 7:
References
Name index
Index of topics, concepts and materials
Multiphonon recombination / T. Markvart
Recombination in low-dimensional semiconductor structures / R. I. Taylor
List of main symbols
Note on units
Introduction
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I. Montvay, Istvan Montvay, Gernot Münster
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1994
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Scalar fields / 2:
Gauge fields / 3:
Fermion fields / 4:
Quantum chromodynamics / 5:
Higgs and Yukawa models / 6:
Simulation algorithms / 7:
Appendix / 8:
References
Index.
Index
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Scalar fields / 2:
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John B. Kogut, Mikhail A. Stephanov
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2004
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Introduction / 1:
Background to spin systems and critical phenomena / 2:
Gauge fields on a four dimensional Euclidean lattice / 3:
Fermions and nonperturbative dynamics in QCD / 4:
Lattice fermions and chiral symmetry / 5:
Hamiltonian version of lattice gauge theory / 6:
Phase transitions in lattice gauge theory at high temperatures / 7:
Physics of QCD at high temperatures and chemical potentials / 8:
Large chemical potentials and colour superconductivity / 9:
Effective Lagrangians and models of QCD at nonzero chemical potential / 10:
Lattice gauge theory at nonzero chemical potential / 11:
Epilogue / 12:
Gauge fields on a four-dimensional Euclidean lattice
Hamiltonian version of lattice-gauge theory
Phase transitions in lattice-gauge theory at high temperatures
Large chemical potentials and color superconductivity
Lattice-gauge theory at nonzero chemical potential
References
Index
Introduction / 1:
Background to spin systems and critical phenomena / 2:
Gauge fields on a four dimensional Euclidean lattice / 3:
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S. Donnachie, Sandy Donnachie, Günter Dosch, P. V. Landshoff, Peter Landshoff, Otto Nachtmann
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2002
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Properties of the S-matrix / 1:
Regge poles / 2:
Introduction to soft hadronic processes / 3:
Duality / 4:
Photon-induced processes / 5:
QCD: perturbative and nonperturbative / 6:
Hard processes / 7:
Soft diffraction and vacuum structure / 8:
The dipole approach / 9:
Questions for the future / 10:
Sommerfeld-Watson transform / Appendix A:
The Group SU(3) / Appendix B:
Feynman rules of QCD / Appendix C:
Pion-nucleon amplitudes / Appendix D:
The density matrix of vector mesons / Appendix E:
Properties of the S-matrix / 1:
Regge poles / 2:
Introduction to soft hadronic processes / 3:
35.

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John Dirk Walecka
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2001
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Introduction / Part I:
Motivation / 1:
Pictures of the nucleus / 2:
Some optics / 3:
Why electron scattering? / 4:
Target response surfaces / 5:
Why coincidence experiments? / 6:
Units and conventions / 7:
General Analysis / Part II:
Electromagnetic interactions / 8:
Multipole analysis / 9:
Dirac equation / 10:
Covariant analysis / 11:
Excitation of discrete states in (e, e*) / 12:
Coincidence experiments (e, e* X) / 13:
Deep inelastic scattering from the nucleon / 14:
Polarization in deep inelastic scattering / 15:
Parity violation in inclusive electron scattering / 16:
Quantum Electrodynamics / Part III:
Basic elements / 17:
Radiative corrections / 18:
Selected Examples / Part IV:
Basic nuclear structure / 19:
Some applications / 20:
A relativistic model of the nucleus / 21:
Elastic scattering / 22:
Quasielastic scattering / 23:
The quark model / 24:
Quantum chromodynamics / 25:
The standard model / 26:
Parity violation / 27:
Excitation of nucleon resonances / 28:
Future Directions / Part V:
TJNAF(CEBAF) / 29:
Other facilities / 30:
Future directions / 31:
Appendixes
Introduction / Part I:
Motivation / 1:
Pictures of the nucleus / 2:
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Robert Budington Griffiths
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2002
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Introduction / 1:
Wave functions / 2:
Linear algebra in Dirac notation / 3:
Physical properties / 4:
Probabilities and physical variables / 5:
Composite systems and tensor products / 6:
Unitary dynamics / 7:
Stochastic histories / 8:
The Born rule / 9:
Consistent histories / 10:
Checking consistency / 11:
Examples of consistent families / 12:
Quantum interference / 13:
Dependent (contextual) events / 14:
Density matrices / 15:
Quantum reasoning / 16:
Measurements I / 17:
Measurements II / 18:
Coins and counterfactuals / 19:
Delayed choice paradox / 20:
Indirect measurement paradox / 21:
Incompatibility paradoxes / 22:
Singlet state correlations / 23:
EPR paradox and Bell inequalities / 24:
Hardy's paradox / 25:
Decoherence and the classical limit / 26:
Quantum theory and reality / 27:
Bibliography
Introduction / 1:
Wave functions / 2:
Linear algebra in Dirac notation / 3:
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I. H. Hutchinson
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2002
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Preface to first edition
Preface to second edition
Plasma diagnostics / 1:
Magnetic diagnostics / 2:
Plasma particle flux / 3:
Refractive-index measurements / 4:
Electromagnetic emission by free electrons / 5:
Electromagnetic radiation from bound electrons / 6:
Scattering of electromagnetic radiation / 7:
Neutral atom diagnostics / 8:
Fast ions and fusion products / 9:
Appendices
Glossary
Preface to first edition
Preface to second edition
Plasma diagnostics / 1:
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Donald B. Percival, Andrew T. Walden
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1993
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Glossary of symbols
Introduction to spectral analysis / 1:
Stationary stochastic processes / 2:
Deterministic spectral analysis / 3:
Foundations for stochastic spectral theory / 4:
Linear time-invariant filters / 5:
Non-parametric spectral estimation / 6:
Multiple taper spectral estimation / 7:
Calculation of discrete prolate spheroidal sequences / 8:
Parametric spectral estimation / 9:
Harmonic analysis / 10:
References
Appendix: data and code via e-mail
Index
Glossary of symbols
Introduction to spectral analysis / 1:
Stationary stochastic processes / 2:
39.

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K. Nagamine
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2003
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Preface
List of abbreviations
What are muons? What is muon science? / 1:
Muon sources / 2:
Muons inside condensed matter / 3:
The muonic atom and its formation in matter / 4:
Muon catalyzed fusion / 5:
Muon spin rotation/relaxation/resonance: basic principles / 6:
Muon spin rotation/relaxation/resonance: probing microscopic magnetic properties / 7:
Muon spin rotation/relaxation/resonance: probing induced microscopic systems in condensed matter / 8:
Cosmic-ray muon probes for internal structure of geological-scale materials / 9:
Future trends in muon science Further reading / 10:
Index
Future trends in muon science
Further reading
Preface
List of abbreviations
What are muons? What is muon science? / 1:
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Michael A. Stroscio, Mitra Dutta
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2001
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Preface
The first part
Phonons in nanostructures / 1:
Phonons in bulk cubic crystals / 2:
Phonons in bulk würtzite crystals / 3:
Raman properties of bulk phonons / 4:
Occupation number representation and general formulation of carrier-phonon scattering rates / 5:
Anharmonic coupling of phonons / 6:
Continuum models for phonons in bulk and dimensionally-confined semiconductors / 7:
Carrier-LO-phonon scattering / 8:
Carrier-acoustic-phonon scattering / 9:
Recent developments on electron-phonon interactions in structures in electronic and optoelectronic devices / 10:
Concluding considerations / 11:
Appendices
Preface
The first part
Phonons in nanostructures / 1:
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Hans Stephani
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2004
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Foreword
Special Relativity / Part I:
Introduction: inertial systems and Galilei invariance / 1:
Light propagation and Lorenz transformations / 2:
Our world as a Minkowski space / 3:
Mechanics of special relativity / 4:
Optics of plane waves / 5:
Four-dimensional vectors and tensors / 6:
Electrodynamics in vacuo / 7:
Transformation properties of electromagnetic fields: examples / 8:
Null vectors and algebraic properties of electromagnetic fields / 9:
Charged point particles and their field / 10:
Pole-dipole particles and their field / 11:
Electrodynamics in media / 12:
Perfect fluids and other physical theories / 13:
Riemannian Geometry / Part II:
The force-free motion of particles / 14:
Why Riemannian geometry? / 15:
Riemannian space / 16:
Tensor algebra / 17:
The covariant derivative and parallel transport / 18:
The curvature tensor / 19:
Differential operators, integrals and integral laws / 20:
Fundamental laws of physics in Riemannian spaces / 21:
Foundations of Einstein's Theory of Gravitation / Part III:
The fundamental equations of Einstein's theory of gravitation / 22:
The Schwarzschild solution / 23:
Experiments to verify the Schwarzschild metric / 24:
Gravitational lenses / 25:
The interior Schwarzschild solution / 26:
Linearized Theory of Gravitation, Far Fields and Gravitational Waves / Part IV:
The linearized Einstein theory of gravity / 27:
Far fields and balance equations / 28:
Gravitational waves / 29:
The Cauchy problem for the Einstein field equations / 30:
Invariant Characterization of Exact Solutions / Part V:
Preferred vector fields and their properties / 31:
The Petrov classification / 32:
Killing vectors and groups of motion / 33:
A survey of some selected classes of exact solutions / 34:
Gravitational Collapse and Black Holes / Part VI:
The Schwarzschild singularity / 35:
Gravitational collapse of spherically-symmetric stars / 36:
Rotating black holes / 37:
Black holes are not black / 38:
The conformal structure of infinity / 39:
Cosmology / Part VII:
Robertson-Walker metrics and their properties / 40:
The dynamics of R-W metrics and the Friedmann universes / 41:
Our Universe as a Friedmann model / 42:
General cosmological models / 43:
Bibliography
Index
Foreword
Special Relativity / Part I:
Introduction: inertial systems and Galilei invariance / 1:
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Terry Gannon, P. V. Landshoff
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2006
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Acknowledgements
Introduction: glimpses of the theory beneath Monstrous moonshine
Classical algebra / 1:
Modular stuff / 2:
Gold and brass: affine algebras and generalisations / 3:
Conformal field theory: The physics of Moonshine / 4:
Vertex operator algebras / 5:
Modular group representations throughout the realm / 6:
Monstrous Moonshine / 7:
Epilogue
Notation
References
Index
Acknowledgements
Introduction: glimpses of the theory beneath Monstrous moonshine
Classical algebra / 1:
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Holger Kantz, Thomas Schreiber
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2003
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Preface
Acknowledgements
Basic Topics / Part I:
Introduction: why nonlinear methods? / 1:
Linear tools and general considerations / 2:
Phase space methods / 3:
Determinism and predictability / 4:
Instability: Lyapunov exponents / 5:
Self-similarity: dimensions / 6:
Using nonlinear methods when determinism is weak / 7:
Selected nonlinear phenomena / 8:
Advanced Topics / Part II:
Advanced embedding methods / 9:
Chaotic data and noise / 10:
More about invariant quantities / 11:
Modelling and forecasting / 12:
Non-stationary signals / 13:
Coupling and synchronisation of nonlinear systems / 14:
Chaos control / 15:
Using the TISEAN programs / Appendix A:
Description of the experimental data sets / Appendix B:
References
Index
Preface
Acknowledgements
Basic Topics / Part I:
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Essler, Fabian H. L. Essler, Holger Frahm, Frank Göhmann, Andreas Klümper, Vladimir E. Korepin
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2005
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Introduction / 1:
The Hubbard Hamiltonian and its symmetries / 2:
The Bethe ansatz solution / 3:
String hypothesis / 4:
Thermodynamics in the Yang-Yang approach / 5:
Ground state properties in the thermodynamic limit / 6:
Excited states at zero temperature / 7:
Finite size corrections at zero temperature / 8:
Asymptotics of correlation functions / 9:
Scaling and continuum limits at half-filling / 10:
Universal correlations at low density / 11:
The algebraic approach to the Hubbard model / 12:
The path integral approach to thermodynamics / 13:
The Yangian symmetry of the Hubbard model / 14:
S-matrix and Yangian symmetry in the infinite interval limit / 15:
Hubbard model in the attractive case / 16:
Mathematical appendices / 17:
Preface
References
Index
Introduction / 1:
The Hubbard Hamiltonian and its symmetries / 2:
The Bethe ansatz solution / 3:
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Nicholas Arndt
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1966
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Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction / Part I:
Diffraction Geometry / Part II:
The Design of Diffractometers / Part III:
Detectors / Part IV:
Electronic Circuits / Part V:
The Production of the Primary Beam (X-rays) / Part VI:
The Production of the Primary Beam (Neutrons) / Part VII:
The Background / Part VIII:
Systematic Errors in Measuring Relative Integrated Intensities / Part IX:
Procedure for Measuring Integrated Intensities / Part X:
Derivation and Accuracy of Structure Factors / Part XI:
Computer Programs and On-line Control / Part XII:
Appendix
References
Index
Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction / Part I:
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Sverre Aarseth
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2003
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Preface
The N-body problem / 1:
Predictor-corrector methods / 2:
Neighbour treatments / 3:
Two-body regularization / 4:
Multiple regularization / 5:
Tree codes / 6:
Program organization / 7:
Initial setup / 8:
Decision-making / 9:
Neighbour schemes / 10:
Two-body algorithms / 11:
Chain procedures / 12:
Accuracy and performance / 13:
Practical aspects / 14:
Star clusters / 15:
Galaxies / 16:
Planetary systems / 17:
Small-N experiments / 18:
Global regularization algorithms / Appendix A:
Chain algorithms / Appendix B:
High-order systems / Appendix C:
Practical algorithms / Appendix D:
KS procedures with GRAPE / Appendix E:
Alternative simulation method / Appendix F:
Table of symbols / Appendix G:
Hermite integration method / Appendix H:
References
Index
Preface
The N-body problem / 1:
Predictor-corrector methods / 2:
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P. Hariharan
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2002
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Holographic imaging / 1:
The reconstructed image / 2:
Thin and thick holograms / 3:
Light sources / 4:
The recording medium / 5:
Recording materials / 6:
Display holograms / 7:
Multicolor images / 8:
Copying holograms / 9:
Computer-generated holograms / 10:
Applications in imaging / 11:
Other applications / 12:
Holographic interferometry / 13:
Advanced techniques / 14:
Electronic techniques / 15:
Interference and coherence / Appendix A:
Fourier transforms / Appendix B:
Wave propagation / Appendix C:
Speckle / Appendix D:
Holographic imaging / 1:
The reconstructed image / 2:
Thin and thick holograms / 3:
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Walleczek, Jan Walleczek
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000
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The frontiers and challenges of biodynamics research / Jan Walleczek
Nonlinear Dynamics in Biology and Response to Stimuli / Part I:
External signals and internal oscillation dynamics - principal aspects and response of stimulated rhythmic processes / Friedemann Kaiser1:
Nonlinear dynamics in biochemical and biophysical systems: from enzyme kinetics to epilepsy / Raima Larter ; Robert Worth ; Brent Speelman2:
Fractal mechanisms in neural control: human heartbeat and gait dynamics in health and disease / Chung-Kang Peng ; Jeffrey M. Hausdorff ; Ary L. Goldberger3:
Self-organising dynamics in human coordination and perception / Mingzhou Ding ; Yanqing Chen ; J. A. Scott Kelso ; Betty Tuller4:
Signal processing in biochemical reaction networks / Adam P. Arkin5:
Nonlinear Sensitivity of Biological Systems to Electromagnetic / StimuliPart II:
Electrical signal detection and noise in systems with long-range coherence / Paul C. Gailey6:
Oscillatory signals in migrating neutrophils: effects of time-varying chemical and electrical fields / Howard R. Petty7:
Enzyme kinetics and nonlinear biochemical amplification in response to static and oscillating magnetic fields / Clemens F. Eichwald8:
Magnetic field sensitivity in the hippocampus / Stefan Engström ; Suzanne Bawin ; W. Ross Adey9:
Stochastic Noise-Induced Dynamics and Transport in Biological Systems / Part III:
Stochastic resonance: looking forward / Frank Moss10:
Stochastic resonance and small-amplitude signal transduction in voltage-gated ion channels / Sergey M. Bezrukov ; Igor Vodyanoy11:
Ratchets, rectifiers and demons: the constructive role of noise in free energy and signal transduction / R. Dean Astumian12:
Cellular transduction of periodic and stochastic energy signals by electroconformational coupling / Tian Y. Tsong13:
Nonlinear Control of Biological and Other Excitable Systems / Part IV:
Controlling chaos in dynamical systems / Kenneth Showalter14:
Electromagnetic fields and biological tissues: from nonlinear response to chaos control / William L. Ditto ; Mark L. Spano15:
Epilepsy: multistability in a dynamic disease / John G. Milton16:
Control and perturbation of wave propagation in excitable systems / Oliver Steinbock ; Stefan C. Müller17:
Changing paradigms in biomedicine: implications for future research and clinical applications / 18:
Index
The frontiers and challenges of biodynamics research / Jan Walleczek
Nonlinear Dynamics in Biology and Response to Stimuli / Part I:
External signals and internal oscillation dynamics - principal aspects and response of stimulated rhythmic processes / Friedemann Kaiser1:
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John Venables
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000
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Preface
Introduction to surface processes / 1:
Surfaces in vacuum: ultra-high vacuum techniques and processes / 2:
Electron-based techniques for examining surface and thin film processes / 3:
Surface processes in adsorption / 4:
Surface processes in epitaxial growth / 5:
Electronic structure and emission processes at metallic surfaces / 6:
Semiconductor surfaces and interfaces / 7:
Surface processes in thin film devices / 8:
Postscript: where do we go from here? / 9:
Appendices
References
Preface
Introduction to surface processes / 1:
Surfaces in vacuum: ultra-high vacuum techniques and processes / 2:
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Robert N. Cahn, Gerson Goldhaber
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2009
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Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
The Atom Completed and a New Particle / 1:
The Muon and the Pion / 2:
Strangeness / 3:
Antibaryons / 4:
The Resonances / 5:
Weak Interactions / 6:
The Neutral Kaon System / 7:
The Structure of the Nucleon / 8:
The J / ?, the ?, and Charm / 9:
Quarks, Gluons, and Jets / 10:
The Fifth Quark / 11:
From Neutral Currents to Weak Vector Bosons / 12:
Testing the Standard Model / 13:
The Top Quark / 14:
Mixing and CP Violation in Heavy Quark Mesons / 15:
Neutrino Masses and Oscillations / 16:
Epilogue / 17:
Index
Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the First Edition
The Atom Completed and a New Particle / 1:
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Jean-Louis Barrat, Jean-Pierre Hansen
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2003
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An introduction to liquid matter / 1:
Thermodynamics, Structure and Fluctuations / Part I:
A reminder of thermodynamics / 2:
Equilibrium fluctuations / 3:
Phase Transitions / Part II:
Mean field approaches / 4:
Critical fluctuations and scaling / 5:
Interfaces and Inhomogeneous Fluids / Part III:
Macroscopic description of interfaces / 6:
The density functional approach / 7:
Curvature and fluctuations / 8:
Dynamics / Part IV:
Phenomenological description of transport processes / 9:
Brownian motion, diffusion and the Langevin equation / 10:
Response and correlation functions / 11:
Slow relaxations / 12:
Slow relaxations.
An introduction to liquid matter / 1:
Thermodynamics, Structure and Fluctuations / Part I:
A reminder of thermodynamics / 2:
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G. Forgács, Gabor Forgacs, Stuart A. Newman
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2005
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Introduction
The cell: fundamental unit of developmental systems / 1:
Cleavage and blastula formation / 2:
Cell states: stability, oscillation, differentiation / 3:
Cell adhesion, compartmentalization and lumen formation / 4:
Epithelial morphogenesis: gastrulation and neurulation / 5:
Mesenchymal morphogenesis / 6:
Pattern formation: segmentation, axes and asymmetry / 7:
Organogenesis / 8:
Fertilization: generating one living dynamical system from two / 9:
Evolution of developmental mechanisms / 10:
Glossary
References
Index
Introduction
The cell: fundamental unit of developmental systems / 1:
Cleavage and blastula formation / 2:
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S. A. Moskalenko, D. W. Snoke
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000
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Introduction / 1:
Basic theory / 2:
Interaction with phonons / 3:
Biexcitons / 4:
Phase transitions of excitons / 5:
The optical Stark effect / 6:
Mixed states of excitons and photons / 7:
Nonequilibrium kinetics / 8:
Coherent nonlinear optics / 9:
New directions / 10:
Appendix
Introduction / 1:
Basic theory / 2:
Interaction with phonons / 3:
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Daniel ben-Avraham, Shlomo Havlin
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000
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Preface
Basic Concepts / Part I:
Fractals / 1:
Percolation / 2:
Random walks and diffusion / 3:
Beyond random walks / 4:
Anomalous Diffusion / Part II:
Diffusion in the Sierpinski gasket / 5:
Diffusion in percolation clusters / 6:
Diffusion in loopless structures / 7:
Disordered transition rates / 8:
Biased anomalous diffusion / 9:
Excluded-volume interactions / 10:
Diffusion-Limited Reactions / Part III:
Classical models of reactions / 11:
Trapping / 12:
Simple reaction models / 13:
Reaction-diffusion fronts / 14:
Diffusion-Limited Coalescence: An Exactly Solvable Model / Part IV:
Coalescence and the IPDF method / 15:
Irreversible coalescence / 16:
Reversible coalescence / 17:
Complete representations of coalescence / 18:
Finite reaction rates / 19:
Fractal dimension / Appendix A:
Number of distinct sites visited by random walks / Appendix B:
Exact enumeration / Appendix C:
Long-range correlations / Appendix D:
References
Index
Preface
Basic Concepts / Part I:
Fractals / 1:
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Browning, Nigel D. Browning, Stephen J. Pennycook
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000
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List of contributors
Preface
High-resolution transmission electron microscopy / S. Horiuchi ; L. He1:
Holography in the transmission electron microscope / A. Tonomura2:
Microanalysis by scanning transmission electron microscopy / L. M. Brown ; J. Yuan3:
Specimen preparation for transmission electron microscopy / J. G. Wen4:
Low-temperature scanning electron microscopy / R. P. Huebener5:
Scanning tunneling microscopy / M. E. Hawley6:
Identification of new superconducting compounds by electron microscopy / G. Van Tendeloo ; T. Krekels7:
Valence band electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) of oxide superconductors / Y. Y. Wang ; V. P. Dravid8:
Investigation of charge distribution in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 and YBa2Cu3O7 / Y. Zhu9:
Grain boundaries in high Tc materials: transport properties and structure / K. L. Merkle ; Y. Gao ; B. V. Vuchic10:
The atomic structure and carrier concentration at grain boundaries in YBa2Cu3O7-d / N. D. Browning ; M. F. Chisholm ; S. J. Pennycook11:
Microstructures in superconducting YBa2Cu3O7 thin films / A. F. Marshall12:
Investigations on the microstructure of YBa2Cu3O7 thin-film edge Josephson junctions by high-resolution electron microscopy / C. L. Jia ; K. Urban13:
Controlling the structure and properties of high Tc thin-film devices / E. Olsson14:
List of contributors
Preface
High-resolution transmission electron microscopy / S. Horiuchi ; L. He1:
56.

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Frank J. Berry, Dominic P. E. Dickson
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1987
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Preface
Principles of M+ ssbauer spectroscopy / Dominic P. E. Dickson ; Frank J. Berry1:
M+ ssbauer spectroscopy and the chemical bond / R. V. Parish2:
M+ ssbauer spectroscopy as a structural probe / Gary J. Long3:
M+ ssbauer spectroscopy of magnetic solids / M. F. Thomas ; C. E. Johnson4:
Time-dependent effects and relaxation in M+ ssbauer spectroscopy / S. Dattagupta5:
The dynamics of nuclei studied by M+ ssbauer spectroscopy / E. R. Bauminger ; I. Nowik6:
References
Index
Principles of Mössbauer spectroscopy Dominic / P. E. Dickson
Mössbauer spectroscopy and the chemical bond
Mössbauer spectroscopy as a structural probe
Mössbauer spectroscopy of magnetic solids
Time-dependent effects and relaxation in Mössbauer spectroscopy
The dynamics of nuclei studied by Mössbauer spectroscopy
Preface
Principles of M+ ssbauer spectroscopy / Dominic P. E. Dickson ; Frank J. Berry1:
M+ ssbauer spectroscopy and the chemical bond / R. V. Parish2:
57.

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Philip G. Harper, P.G. Harper, D. L. Weaire
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1985
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Introduction / 1:
Errors / 2:
Cartesian coordinates / 3:
Vectors / 4:
The scalar product / 5:
The vector product and rotation / 6:
Matrices in physics / 7:
The transformation of matrices / 8:
The matrix eigenvalue equation / 9:
Exponential and logarithm functions / 10:
Sine and cosine functions / 11:
Graph plotting and curve sketching / 12:
Differentiation / 13:
Approximations / 14:
Power series and Taylor's expansion / 15:
Partial differentiation / 16:
Integration / 17:
The differential equation / 18:
Solving first-order differential equations / 19:
Second-order differential equations / 20:
Solving second-order differential equations / 21:
The complex exponential / 22:
The circuit equation / 23:
Harmonics and Fourier series / 24:
The diffusion equation / 25:
Waves / 26:
The rate of change of a vector / 27:
The scalar field and gradient operator / 28:
The vector field / 29:
Line integration / 30:
The potential field / 31:
Surface and volume integration / 32:
Flux and divergence / 33:
Circulation and the curl / 34:
Conclusion / 35:
Miscellaneous exercises / 36:
Power series and Taylor's expansion
Introduction / 1:
Errors / 2:
Cartesian coordinates / 3:
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Massimiliano Di Ventra
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2008
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A primer on electron transport / 1:
Nanoscale systems / 1.1:
Generating currents / 1.2:
Finite versus infinite systems / 1.2.1:
Electron sources / 1.2.2:
Intrinsic nature of the transport problem / 1.2.3:
Measuring currents / 1.3:
Microscopic states / 1.3.1:
The current operator / 1.3.2:
The measurement process / 1.3.3:
Complete measurement and pure states / 1.3.4:
The statistical operator and macro-states / 1.4:
Pure and mixed states / 1.4.1:
Quantum correlations / 1.4.2:
Time evolution of the statistical operator / 1.4.3:
Random or partially specified Hamiltonians / 1.4.4:
Open quantum systems / 1.4.5:
Equilibrium statistical operators / 1.4.6:
Current measurement and statistical operator truncation / 1.5:
One current, different viewpoints / 1.6:
Summary and open questions
Exercises
Drude model, Kubo formalism and Boltzmann equation / 2:
Drude model / 2.1:
Resistance, coherent and incoherent transport / 2.2:
Relaxation vs. dephasing / 2.2.1:
Mean-free path / 2.2.2:
The meaning of momentum relaxation time / 2.2.3:
Kubo formalism / 2.3:
The current-current response function / 2.3.1:
The use of Density-Functional Theory in the Kubo approach / 2.3.2:
The fluctuation-dissipation theorem / 2.3.3:
Ohmic vs. ballistic regimes / 2.3.4:
Chemical, electrochemical and electrostatic potentials / 2.4:
Drift-diffusion equations / 2.5:
Diffusion coefficient of an ideal electron gas in the non-degenerate limit / 2.5.1:
Generalization to spin-dependent transport / 2.5.2:
Distribution functions / 2.6:
Boltzmann equation / 2.7:
Approach to local equilibrium / 2.7.1:
Entropy, loss of information, and macroscopic irreversibility / 2.8:
The classical statistical entropy / 2.8.1:
Quantum statistical entropy / 2.8.2:
Information content of the N- and one-particle statistical operators / 2.8.3:
Entropy of open quantum systems / 2.8.4:
Loss of information in the Kubo formalism / 2.8.5:
Loss of information with stochastic Hamiltonians / 2.8.6:
Entropy associated with the measurement of currents / 2.8.7:
Landauer approach / 3:
Formulation of the problem / 3.1:
Local resistivity dipoles and the "field response" / 3.2:
Conduction from transmission / 3.3:
Scattering boundary conditions / 3.3.1:
Transmission and reflection probabilities / 3.3.2:
Total current / 3.3.3:
Two-probe conductance / 3.3.4:
The Lippmann-Schwinger equation / 3.4:
Time-dependent Lippmann-Schwinger equation / 3.4.1:
Time-independent Lippmann-Schwinger equation / 3.4.2:
Green's functions and self-energy / 3.5:
Relation to scattering theory / 3.5.1:
The S matrix / 3.6:
Relation between the total Green's function and the S matrix / 3.6.1:
The transfer matrix / 3.7:
Coherent scattering of two resistors in series / 3.7.1:
Incoherent scattering of two resistors in series / 3.7.2:
Relation between the conductance and the transfer matrix / 3.7.3:
Localization, ohmic and ballistic regimes / 3.7.4:
Four-probe conductance in the non-invasive limit / 3.8:
Single-channel case / 3.8.1:
Geometrical "dilution" / 3.8.2:
Multi-channel case / 3.8.3:
Multi-probe conductance in the invasive limit / 3.9:
Floating probes and dephasing / 3.9.1:
Spin-dependent transmission functions / 3.10:
Multi-probe conductance in the presence of a magnetic field / 3.10.2:
Local resistivity spin dipoles and dynamical effects / 3.10.3:
The use of Density-Functional Theory in the Landauer approach / 3.11:
Non-equilibrium Green's function formalism / 4:
Contour ordering / 4.1:
Equilibrium Green's functions / 4.2:
Time-ordered Green's functions / 4.2.1:
Dyson's equation for interacting particles / 4.2.2:
More Green's functions / 4.2.3:
The spectral function / 4.2.4:
Contour-ordered Green's functions / 4.3:
Equations of motion for non-equilibrium Green's functions / 4.3.1:
Application to steady-state transport / 4.4:
Coulomb blockade / 4.5:
Quantum kinetic equations / 4.6:
Noise / 5:
The moments of the current / 5.1:
Shot noise / 5.2:
The classical (Poisson) limit / 5.2.1:
Quantum theory of shot noise / 5.2.2:
Counting statistics / 5.3:
Thermal noise / 5.4:
Electron-ion interaction / 6:
The many-body electron-ion Hamiltonian / 6.1:
The adiabatic approximation for a current-carrying system / 6.1.1:
The phonon subsystem / 6.1.2:
Electron-phonon coupling in the presence of current / 6.1.3:
Inelastic current / 6.2:
Inelastic current from standard perturbation theory / 6.2.1:
Inelastic current from the NEGF / 6.2.2:
Local ionic heating / 6.3:
Lattice heat conduction / 6.3.1:
Thermopower / 6.4:
Current-induced forces / 6.5:
Elastic vs. inelastic contribution to electro-migration / 6.5.1:
One force, different definitions / 6.5.2:
Local resistivity dipoles and the force sign / 6.5.3:
Forces at equilibrium / 6.5.4:
Forces out of equilibrium / 6.5.5:
Are current-induced forces conservative? / 6.5.6:
Local ionic heating vs. current-induced forces / 6.6:
The micro-canonical picture of transport / 7:
Transport from a finite-system point of view / 7.1:
Initial conditions and dynamics / 7.1.2:
Electrical current theorems within dynamical DFTs / 7.2:
Closed and finite quantum systems in a pure state / 7.2.1:
Closed quantum systems in a pure state with arbitrary boundary conditions / 7.2.2:
Current in open quantum systems / 7.2.3:
Closure of the BBGKY hierarchy / 7.2.4:
Functional approximations and loss of information / 7.2.5:
Transient dynamics / 7.3:
Properties of quasi-steady states / 7.4:
Variational definition of quasi-steady states / 7.4.1:
Dependence of quasi-steady states on initial conditions / 7.4.2:
A non-equilibrium entropy principle / 7.5:
Approach to steady state in nanoscale systems / 7.6:
Definition of conductance in the micro-canonical picture / 7.7:
Hydrodynamics of the electron liquid / 8:
The Madelung equations for a single particle / 8.1:
Hydrodynamic form of the Schrodinger equation / 8.2:
Quantum Navier-Stokes equations / 8.2.1:
Conductance quantization from hydrodynamics / 8.3:
Viscosity from Time-Dependent Current Density-Functional Theory / 8.4:
Functional approximation, loss of information, and dissipative dynamics / 8.4.1:
Effect of viscosity on resistance / 8.4.2:
Turbulent transport / 8.5:
Local electron heating / 8.6:
Electron heat conduction / 8.6.1:
Hydrodynamics of heat transfer / 8.6.2:
Effect of local electron heating on ionic heating / 8.6.3:
Appendices
A primer on second quantization / Appendix A:
The quantum BBGKY hierarchy / Appendix B:
The Lindblad equation / Appendix C:
The Lindblad theorem / C.1:
Derivation of the Lindblad equation / C.2:
Steady-state solutions / C.3:
Ground-state Density-Functional Theory / Appendix D:
The Hohenberg-Kohn theorem / D.1:
The Kohn-Sham equations / D.2:
Generalization to grand-canonical equilibrium / D.3:
The local density approximation and beyond / D.4:
Time-Dependent DFT / Appendix E:
The Runge-Gross theorem / E.1:
The time-dependent Kohn-Sham equations / E.2:
The adiabatic local density approximation / E.3:
Time-Dependent Current DFT / Appendix F:
The current density as the main variable / F.1:
The exchange-correlation electric field / F.2:
Approximate formulas for the viscosity / F.3:
Stochastic Time-Dependent Current DFT / Appendix G:
The stochastic Schrodinger equation / G.1:
Derivation of the quantum master equation / G.2:
The theorem of Stochastic TD-CDFT / G.3:
Inelastic corrections to current and shot noise / Appendix H:
Equation of motion for the stress tensor / Appendix I:
Cut-off of the viscosity divergence / Appendix K:
Bernoulli's equation / Appendix L:
References
Index
A primer on electron transport / 1:
Nanoscale systems / 1.1:
Generating currents / 1.2:
59.

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S. V. Gaponenko
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1998
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Preface
Electron states in crystals / 1:
Electron states in an Ideal nanocrystal / 2:
Growth of nanocrystals / 3:
General properties of spectrally inhomogeneous media / 4:
Absorption and emission of light by semiconductor nanocrystals / 5:
Resonant optical nonlinearities and related many-body effects / 6:
Interface effects / 7:
Spatially organized ensembles of nanocrystals / 8:
Preface
Electron states in crystals / 1:
Electron states in an Ideal nanocrystal / 2:
60.

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Albert-Laszló Barabási, A.- L. Barabási, H. E. Stanley, Harry Eugene Stanley
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1995
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Preface
Notation guide
Introduction / Part I:
Interfaces in nature / 1:
Scaling concepts / 2:
Fractal concepts / 3:
Nonequilibrium Roughening / Part II:
Random deposition / 4:
Linear theory / 5:
Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation / 6:
Renormalization group approach / 7:
Discrete growth models / 8:
Interfaces in Random Media / Part III:
Basic phenomena / 9:
Quenched noise / 10:
Experiments / 11:
Molecular Beam Epitaxy / Part IV:
Basic phenomena of MBE / 12:
Linear theory of MBE / 13:
Nonlinear theory for MBE / 14:
Discrete models for MBE / 15:
MBE experiments / 16:
Submonolayer deposition / 17:
The roughening transition / 18:
Nonlocal growth models / 19:
Diffusion bias / 20:
Noise / Part V:
Diffusive versus deposition noise / 21:
Correlated noise / 22:
Rare events / 23:
Advanced Topics / Part VI:
Multi-affine surfaces / 24:
Variants of the KPZ equation / 25:
Equilibrium fluctuations and directed polymers / 26:
Finale / Part VII:
Summary of the continuum growth equations / 27:
Outlook / 28:
Appendices
Bibliography
Index
Preface
Notation guide
Introduction / Part I:
61.

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David A. Atchison, George Smith
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1997
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Preface
General Theory / Part 1:
Introduction / 1:
Image formation and ray tracing / 2:
Paraxial theory of refracting systems / 3:
Paraxial theory of reflecting systems / 4:
Non-Gaussian optics / 5:
Lens types and image formation / 6:
Mirror types and image formation / 7:
Prisms / 8:
Aperture stops, pupils, field lenses, and field stops / 9:
Defocus, depth-of-field and focussing techniques / 10:
Optical metrology / 11:
Photometry of optical systems / 12:
Geometrical Optical Instruments or Systems / Part 2:
The eye / 13:
Ophthalmic lenses / 14:
Simple magnifiers / 15:
Microscopes / 16:
Telescopes / 17:
Macroscopes / 18:
Relay systems / 19:
Angle and distance measuring instruments / 20:
Cameras and camera lenses / 21:
Projectors / 22:
Collimators / 23:
Photometers and colorimeters / 24:
Physical Optics and Physical Optical Instruments / Part 3:
Interferometry and interferometers / 25:
Diffraction and diffractive devices / 26:
Ophthalmic Instruments / Part 4:
Focimeters / 27:
Radiuscopes and keratometers / 28:
Ophthalmoscopes / 29:
The Badal optometer / 30:
Optometers / 31:
Binocular vision and testing instruments / 32:
Aberrations and Image Quality / Part 5:
Aberration theory / 33:
Image quality / 34:
Aberrations of the eye / 35:
Visual Ergonomics / Part 6:
Visual ergonomics of monocular systems / 36:
Visual ergonomics of binocular systems / 37:
Appendices
Preface
General Theory / Part 1:
Introduction / 1:
62.

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Graham Woan
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000
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Units, constants and conversions / 1:
Mathematics / 2:
Dynamics and mechanics / 3:
Quantum physics / 4:
Thermodynamics / 5:
Solid state physics / 6:
Electromagnetism / 7:
Optics / 8:
Astrophysics / 9:
Index
Units, constants and conversions / 1:
Mathematics / 2:
Dynamics and mechanics / 3:
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Elliot Leader, Enrico Predazzi
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1996
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Field theory and pre-gauge theory weak interactions / Volume 1:
The need for a gauge theory / 2:
Spontaneous symmetry breaking: the Goldstone theorem and the Higgs phenomenon / 3:
Construction of the Standard Model / 4:
Lowest order tests of the Standard Model in the leptonic sector / 5:
The Higgs boson / 6:
The Standard Model beyond lowest order / 7:
e+e- physics and the Standard Model / 8:
Extension to the hadrons / 9:
Phenomenology of semi-leptonic reactions / 10:
The discovery of the narrow vector resonances / 11:
Hidden flavour bound states / 12:
Open heavy flavours / 13:
The heavy lepton tau / 14:
Toward the parton model - deep inelastic scattering / 15:
The quark-parton model / 16:
Experimental tests of the quark-parton model / 17:
Determination of the Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix / Volume 2:
Mixing and CP-violation / 19:
Regularization, renormalization and introduction to the renormalization group / 20:
Gauge theories, QCD and the renormalization group / 21:
Applications of the QCD renormalization group / 22:
The parton model in QCD / 23:
Large pT phenomena and jets in hadronic interactions / 24:
Jets and hadrons in e+e- physics / 25:
Low pT or 'soft' hadronic physics / 26:
Some non-perturbative aspects of gauge theories / 27:
Beyond the Standard Model / 28:
Appendices
References
Index
Preface
Field theory and pre-gauge theory weak interactions / Volume 1:
The need for a gauge theory / 2:
Spontaneous symmetry breaking: the Goldstone theorem and the Higgs phenomenon / 3:
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Elliot Leader, Enrico Predazzi
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1996
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Determination of the Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix / 18:
Mixing and CP-violation / 19:
Regularization, renormalization and introduction to the renormalization group / 20:
Gauge theories, QCD and the renormalization group / 21:
Applications of the QCD renormalization group / 22:
The parton model in QCD / 23:
Large pT phenomena and jets in hadronic interactions / 24:
Jets and hadrons in physics / 25:
Low pT or 'soft' hadronic physics / 26:
Some non-perturbative aspects of gauge theories / 27:
Beyond the Standard Model / 28:
Appendices
References
Index
Jets and hadrons in e+e- physics
Low pT or 'soft' hadronic physics
Determination of the Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix / 18:
Mixing and CP-violation / 19:
Regularization, renormalization and introduction to the renormalization group / 20:
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Akira åOnuki
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2002
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Preface
Statics / Part I:
Spin systems and fluids / 1:
Critical phenomena and scaling / 2:
Mean field theories / 3:
Advanced theories in statics / 4:
Dynamic Models and Dynamics in Fluids and Polymers / Part II:
Dynamic models / 5:
Dynamics in fluids / 6:
Dynamics in polymers and gels / 7:
Dynamics of Phase Changes / Part III:
Phase ordering and defect dynamics / 8:
Nucleation / 9:
Phase transition dynamics in solids / 10:
Phase transitions of fluids in shear flow / 11:
Index
Preface
Statics / Part I:
Spin systems and fluids / 1:
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G. Shirane, Stephen M. Shapiro, Gen Shirane, John M. Tranquada
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2002
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Properties of thermal neutrons / 1.1:
Neutron sources / 1.2:
Reciprocal space and scattering diagram / 1.3:
Elastic scattering / 1.3.1:
Inelastic scattering / 1.3.2:
Neutron scattering instruments / 1.4:
Three-axis instrument / 1.4.1:
Time-of-flight (TOF) instrument / 1.4.2:
Backscattering and neutron spin echo (NSE) / 1.4.3:
References
Scattering formulas / 2:
Fermi's Golden Rule and the Born approximation / 2.1:
Coherent vs. incoherent scattering / 2.3:
Coherent nuclear scattering / 2.4:
Elastic scattering (Bragg peaks) / 2.4.1:
Incoherent nuclear scattering / 2.4.2:
Coherent magnetic scattering / 2.6:
Paramagnetic scattering / 2.6.1:
Magnetic form factors and orbital moments / 2.6.2:
Determination of magnetic structures with unpolarized neutrons / 2.6.3:
Coherent inelastic magnetic scattering / 2.7:
Magnons / 2.7.1:
Diffuse magnetic scattering / 2.7.2:
Elements of a three-axis instrument / 3:
Shielding / 3.1:
Monochromators / 3.2:
Focusing monochromators and analyzers / 3.2.1:
Resolution effects / 3.2.2:
Double monochromators / 3.2.3:
Collimators / 3.3:
Filters / 3.4:
Fast neutron filters / 3.4.1:
Resonance filters / 3.4.2:
Bragg-scattering filters / 3.4.3:
Absorbers / 3.5:
Spectrometer alignment / 3.6:
Initial optical alignment / 3.6.1:
Experimental alignment / 3.6.2:
Goniometers / 3.7:
Two-circle goniometer / 3.7.1:
Four-circle goniometer / 3.7.2:
Translation of the sample / 3.7.3:
Super holder / 3.7.4:
New developments / 3.8:
Inelastic scattering and the resolution function / 4:
Notation and definitions / 4.1:
Definition of the resolution function / 4.2:
Constant-Q scans / 4.3:
Focusing / 4.4:
Selection of collimators and energies / 4.5:
Bragg tails / 4.6:
Constant-E scans / 4.7:
Vertical resolution / 4.8:
Harmonics in the incident beam / 4.9:
Phonons and magnons / 5:
Phonons in copper / 5.1:
E[subscript i]-fixed mode / 5.1.1:
E[subscript f]-fixed mode / 5.1.2:
Phonons and magnons in iron / 5.2:
Magnons in MnF[subscript 2] / 5.3:
Spurious peaks / 6:
Higher-order neutrons / 6.1:
Accidental Bragg scattering / 6.1.1:
General case / 6.2.1:
Small q / 6.2.2:
Elastic streaks at small q / 6.3:
Resolution function artifacts / 6.4:
Bragg tail / 6.4.1:
"Forbidden" modes / 6.4.2:
Artifacts due to sample environment / 6.5:
Al / 6.5.1:
Air / 6.5.2:
He / 6.5.3:
Techniques for spotting "spurions" / 6.6:
Bragg diffraction / 7:
Three-axis vs. two-axis instruments / 7.1:
Lorentz factor for a triple-axis spectrometer / 7.2:
Non-uniform lineshapes / 7.3:
Double scattering / 7.4:
Double scattering in structural phase transitions / 7.5:
SrTiO[subscript 3] / 7.5.1:
Nb[subscript 3]Sn / 7.5.2:
Double scattering in magnetic transitions / 7.6:
FeTiO[subscript 3] / 7.6.1:
Fe[subscript 3]O[subscript 4] / 7.6.2:
MnF[subscript 2] / 7.6.3:
Double scattering from twins / 7.7:
Varying resolution by choice of analyzer / 7.8:
Polarized neutrons / 8:
Scattering of polarized neutrons / 8.1:
Definition of polarization / 8.1.1:
Elements of a polarized-beam spectrometer / 8.1.2:
Polarizing a neutron beam / 8.2.1:
Control of polarization direction / 8.2.2:
Magnetic form-factor studies / 8.3:
Uniaxial polarization analysis / 8.4:
Basics of polarization analysis / 8.4.1:
Applications to Bragg diffraction / 8.4.2:
Paramagnetic scattering by the differential technique (HF - VF) / 8.4.3:
Spherical neutron polarimetry / 8.5:
Neutron scattering lengths and cross sections / Appendix 1:
Crystallographic data / Appendix 2:
Other useful tables / Appendix 3:
The resolution function for a triple-axis neutron spectrometer / Appendix 4:
Single-axis resolution functions P[subscript i] and P[subscript f] / A4.1:
Qualitative analysis of the resolution function / A4.2:
Derivation of the triple-axis resolution matrix / A4.3:
The ellipsoid of constant probability / A4.4:
Index
Appendices
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Properties of thermal neutrons / 1.1:
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Martin Dressel, George Gruner, George Grüner
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2002
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R. C. McPhedran, D. B. Melrose
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1991
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Electromagnetic Fields in Vacuo / Part I:
Electromagnetic fields / 1:
Cartesian tensors / 2:
The stress tensor and multipole moments / 3:
Fourier transforms / 4:
Greens functions / 5:
The Electromagnetic Responses of Media / Part II:
The response of a medium / 6:
General properties of response tensors / 7:
Analytic properties of response functions / 8:
Response tensors for some idealized media / 9:
Response tensors for plasmas / 10:
Wave Properties / Part III:
Dispersion relations and polarization vectors / 11:
Waves in dielectrics and anisotropic crystals / 12:
Waves in plasmas / 13:
The polarization of transverse waves / 14:
Energetics and damping of waves / 15:
Theory of Emission Processes / Part IV:
The emission formula / 16:
Emission by multipoles / 17:
The Larmor formula / 18:
Alternative treatment of emission processes / 19:
Specific Emission Processes / Part V:
Cerenkov emission / 20:
Bremsstrahlung / 21:
Formal theory of gyromagnetic emission / 22:
Gyroemission by mildly relativistic electrons / 23:
Synchrotron emission / 24:
Scattering of waves by particles / 25:
Nonlinear emission processes / 26:
Bibliographic notes
Glossary of Symbols
Index
Glossary of symbols
Electromagnetic Fields in Vacuo / Part I:
Electromagnetic fields / 1:
Cartesian tensors / 2:
69.

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Kosaku Yamada
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Preface
Fermi gas / 1:
Fermi liquid theory / 2:
Anderson's orthogonality theorem / 3:
s-d Hamiltonian and Kondo effects / 4:
Anderson Hamiltonian / 5:
Hubbard Hamiltonian / 6:
Fermi liquid theory of strongly correlated electron systems / 7:
Transport theory based on Fermi liquid theory / 8:
Superconductivity in strongly correlated electron systems / 9:
Appendices
Index
Preface
Fermi gas / 1:
Fermi liquid theory / 2:
70.

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EB
Dieter Biskamp
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Magnetohydrodynamics / 2:
Transition to turbulence / 3:
Macroscopic turbulence theory / 4:
Spectral properties and phenomenology / 5:
Two-point-closure theory / 6:
Intermittency / 7:
Two-dimensional turbulence / 8:
Compressible turbulence and turbulent convection / 9:
Turbulence in the solar wind / 10:
Turbulence in accretion disks / 11:
Interstellar turbulence / 12:
References
Index
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Magnetohydrodynamics / 2:
71.

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S. Narison
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About / Stephan Narison
Outline of the book
Preface
Acknowledgements
A short flash on particle physics / General IntroductionPart I:
The pre-QCD era / 2:
The QCD story / 3:
Field theory ingredients / 4:
QCD Gauge Theory / Part II:
Lagrangian and gauge invariance / 5:
Quantization using path integral / 6:
QCD and its global invariance / 7:
MS scheme for QCD and QED: Introduction / Part III:
Dimensional regularization / 8:
The MS renormalization scheme / 9:
Renormalization of operators using the background field method / 10:
The renormalization group / 11:
Other renormalization schemes / 12:
MS scheme for QED / 13:
High-precision low-energy QED tests / 14:
Deep Inelastic Scattering at Hadron Colliders / Part IV:
OPE for deep inelastic scattering / 15:
Unpolarized lepton-hadron scattering / 16:
The Altarelli-Parisi equation / 17:
More on unpolarized deep inelastic scatterings / 18:
Polarized deep-inelastic processes / 19:
Drell-Yan process / 20:
One `prompt photon' inclusive production / 21:
Hard Processes in e+ea[$$$]" Collisions: Introduction / Part V:
One hadron inclusive production / 22:
gg scatterings and the `spina' of the photon / 23:
QCD jets / 24:
Total inclusive hadron productions / 25:
Summary of QCD Tests and as Measurements / Part VI:
Power Corrections in QCD / Part VII:
Introduction / 26:
The SVZ expansion / 27:
Technologies for evaluating Wilson coefficients / 28:
Renormalons / 29:
Beyond the SVZ expansion / 30:
QCD Two-Point Functions / Part VIII:
References guide to original works / 31:
(Pseudo)scalar correlators / 32:
(Axial-)vector two-point functions / 33:
Tensor-quark correlator / 34:
Baryonic correlators / 35:
Four-quark correlators / 36:
Gluonia correlators / 37:
Hybrid correlators / 38:
Correlators in x-space / 39:
QCD Non-Perturbative Methods / Part IX:
Lattice gauge theory / 40:
Chiral perturbation theory / 42:
Models of the QCD effective action / 43:
Heavy quark effective theory / 44:
Potential approaches to quarkonia / 45:
On monopole and confinement / 46:
QCD Spectral Sum Rules / Part X:
Theoretical foundations / 47:
Survey of QCD spectral sum rules / 49:
Weinberg and DMO sum rules / 50:
The QCD coupling as / 51:
The QCD condensates / 52:
Light and heavy quark masses, etc / 53:
Hadron spectroscopy / 54:
D, B and Bc exclusive weak decays / 55:
B0(s)-B0(s) mixing, kaon CP violation / 56:
Thermal behaviour of QCD / 57:
More on spectral sum rules / 58:
Appendices / Part XI:
Bibliography
Index
About Stephan Narison
General Introduction
One -prompt photon- inclusive production
Hard Processes in e+e- Collisions: Introduction
gg scatterings and the -spin- of the photon
About / Stephan Narison
Outline of the book
Preface
72.

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B. K. Ridley
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Yasunori Fujii, Kei-ichi Maeda, Kei-ichiro Maeda, Keiichi Maeda
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Preface
Conventions and notation
Introduction / 1:
The prototype Brans-Dicke model / 2:
Conformal transformation / 1.1:
What is the scalar-tensor theory of gravitation?
Cosmology with Π / 4:
Where does the scalar field come from? / 5:
Models of an accelerating universe
Quantum effects / 1.2.1:
The scalar field arising from the size of compactified internal space
Appendices
References / 1.2.2:
Index
The dilaton from string theory
The scalar field in a brane world / 1.2.3:
The scalar field in the assumed two-sheeted structure of space-time / 1.2.4:
Comments / 1.3:
The weak equivalence principle / 1.3.1:
The value of [omega] and mass of the scalar field / 1.3.2:
Mach's principle and Dirac's suggestion for time-dependent G / 1.3.3:
Does the scalar-tensor theory have any advantage over simple scalar theories? / 1.3.5:
The Lagrangian / 2.1:
Field equations / 2.2:
The weak-field approximation / 2.3:
The parameterized post-Newtonian approximation / 2.4:
A spinor field as matter / 2.5:
The mechanism of mixing / 2.6:
What is a conformal transformation? / 3.1:
Nonminimal coupling / 3.2:
Coupling to matter / 3.3:
The geodesic in the E frame / 3.4:
Cosmology with [Lambda]
How has the cosmological constant re-emerged? / 4.1:
The standard theory with [Lambda] / 4.2:
The prototype BD model without [Lambda] / 4.3:
The prototype BD model with [Lambda] / 4.4:
Solution in the J frame / 4.4.1:
Solution in the E frame / 4.4.2:
A proposed revision and remarks / 4.4.3:
Dark energy / 5.1:
Quintessence / 5.2:
Quintessence in the brane world / 5.3:
A scalar field in the brane world / 5.3.1:
Scalar-tensor theory / 5.3.2:
Hesitation behavior / 5.4.1:
A two-scalar model / 5.4.2:
Qualitative features unique to the two-scalar model / 5.4.3:
Scale invariance / 6.1:
The dilaton as a Nambu-Goldstone boson / 6.2:
The contribution from loops / 6.3:
The coupling to matter of [sigma], a self-coupled scalar field / 6.3.1:
The coupling to matter of [sigma], scalar QED / 6.3.2:
Non-Newtonian gravity / 6.4:
A consequence of the suspected occurrence of the scalar field in the Maxwell term / 6.5:
Time-variability of the fine-structure constant / 6.6:
Electromagnetic coupling of [Phi subscript *] / 6.6.1:
The behavior of the scalar field / 6.6.2:
The scalar field from Kaluza-Klein theory / Appendix A:
The curvature scalar from the assumed two-sheeted space-time / Appendix B:
The field equation of gravity in the presence of nonminimal coupling / Appendix C:
The law of conservation of matter / Appendix D:
Eddington's parameters / Appendix E:
Conformal transformation of a spinor field / Appendix F:
Conformal transformation of the curvature scalar / Appendix G:
A special choice for conformal invariance / Appendix H:
The matter energy-momentum nonconservation law in the E frame / Appendix J:
A modification to the [Lambda] term / Appendix K:
Einstein's equation in the brane world / Appendix L:
Dilatation current / Appendix M:
Loop integrals in continuous dimensions / Appendix N:
A conformal frame in which particle masses are finally constant / Appendix O:
Cosmology with ?
Preface
Conventions and notation
Introduction / 1:
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Efthimios Kaxiras
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Preface
Acknowledgements
Acknowledgments
Crystalline Solids / Part I:
Crystalline solids / 1:
Atomic structure of crystals
The single-particle approximation / 2:
Electrons in crystal potential / 3:
Building crystals from atoms / 4:
Band structure of crystals
Applications of band theory / 1.1.1:
Atoms with no valence electrons
Lattice vibrations / 6:
Atoms with s valence electrons / 7:
Magnetic behaviour of solids
Superconductivity / 1.1.3:
Atoms with s and p valence electrons
Defects, Non-Crystalline Solids and Finite Structures / Part II:
Atoms with s and d valence electrons / 9:
Defects I: point defects
Defects II: line defects / 1.1.5:
Atoms with s, d and f valence electrons
Defects III: surfaces and interfaces / 11:
Solids with two types of atoms / 12:
Non-crystalline solids
Finite structures / 1.1.7:
Hydrogen: a special one-s-valence-electron atom
Appendices / Part III:
Solids with many types of atoms / A. Elements of classical electrodynamics:
Elements of quantum mechanics / B:
Bonding in solids / C:
Elements of thermodynamics
Further reading / D:
Elements of statistical mechanics
Problems / E:
Elements of elasticity theory
The Madelung energy / F:
Mathematical tools / G:
The hamiltonian of the solid / H:
Nobel Prize citations
Units and symbols / 2.2:
The Hartree and Hartree--Fock approximations
References
Index / 2.2.1:
The Hartree approximation
Example of a variational calculation / 2.2.2:
The Hartree--Fock approximation / 2.2.3:
Hartree--Fock theory of free electrons / 2.3:
The hydrogen molecule / 2.4:
Density Functional Theory / 2.5:
Electrons as quasiparticles / 2.6:
Quasiparticles and collective excitations / 2.6.1:
Thomas--Fermi screening / 2.6.2:
The ionic potential / 2.7:
Periodicity--Bloch states / 3.1:
k-space--Brillouin zones / 3.2:
Dynamics of crystal electrons / 3.3:
Crystal electrons in an electric field / 3.4:
Crystal symmetries beyond periodicity / 3.5:
Groups and symmetry operators / 3.6:
Symmetries of the band structure / 3.7:
Symmetries of 3D crystals / 3.8:
Special k-points / 3.9:
The tight-binding approximation / 4.1:
Example: 1D linear chain with s or p orbitals / 4.1.1:
Example: 2D square lattice with s and p orbitals / 4.1.2:
Generalizations of the TBA / 4.1.3:
General band-structure methods / 4.2:
Band structure of representative solids / 4.3:
A 2D solid: graphite--a semimetal / 4.3.1:
3D covalent solids: semiconductors and insulators / 4.3.2:
3D metallic solids / 4.3.3:
Density of states / 5.1:
Tunneling at metal--semiconductor contact / 5.2:
Optical excitations / 5.3:
Conductivity and dielectric function / 5.4:
Excitons / 5.5:
Energetics and dynamics / 5.6:
The total energy / 5.6.1:
Forces and dynamics / 5.6.2:
Phonon modes / 6.1:
The force-constant model / 6.2:
Example: phonons in 2D periodic chain / 6.2.1:
Phonons in a 3D crystal / 6.2.2:
Phonons as harmonic oscillators / 6.3:
Application: the specific heat of crystals / 6.4:
The classical picture / 6.4.1:
The quantum mechanical picture / 6.4.2:
The Debye model / 6.4.3:
Thermal expansion coefficient / 6.4.4:
Application: phonon scattering / 6.5:
Phonon scattering processes / 6.5.1:
The Debye-Waller factor / 6.5.2:
The Mossbauer effect / 6.5.3:
Magnetic behavior of solids
Magnetic behavior of insulators / 7.1:
Magnetic behavior of metals / 7.2:
Magnetization in Hartree-Fock free-electron gas / 7.2.1:
Magnetization of band electrons / 7.2.2:
Heisenberg spin model / 7.3:
Ground state of the Heisenberg ferromagnet / 7.3.1:
Spin waves in the Heisenberg ferromagnet / 7.3.2:
Heisenberg antiferromagnetic spin model / 7.3.3:
Magnetic order in real materials / 7.4:
Crystal electrons in an external magnetic field / 7.5:
de Haas-van Alphen effect / 7.5.1:
Classical and quantum Hall effects / 7.5.2:
Overview of superconducting behavior / 8.1:
Thermodynamics of the superconducting transition / 8.2:
BCS theory of superconductivity / 8.3:
Cooper pairing / 8.3.1:
BCS ground state / 8.3.2:
BCS theory at finite temperature / 8.3.3:
The McMillan formula for T[subscript c] / 8.3.4:
High-temperature superconductors / 8.4:
Defects, non-crystalline solids and finite structures / II:
Intrinsic point defects / 9.1:
Energetics and electronic levels / 9.1.1:
Defect-mediated diffusion / 9.1.2:
Extrinsic point defects / 9.2:
Impurity states in semiconductors / 9.2.1:
Effect of doping in semiconductors / 9.2.2:
The p-n junction / 9.2.3:
Metal-semiconductor junction / 9.2.4:
Nature of dislocations / 10.1:
Elastic properties and motion of dislocations / 10.2:
Stress and strain fields / 10.2.1:
Elastic energy / 10.2.2:
Peierls-Nabarro model / 10.2.3:
Brittle versus ductile behavior / 10.3:
Stress and strain under external load / 10.3.1:
Brittle fracture - Griffith criterion / 10.3.2:
Ductile response - Rice criterion / 10.3.3:
Dislocation-defect interactions / 10.3.4:
Defects III: Surfaces and interfaces
Experimental study of surfaces / 11.1:
Surface reconstruction / 11.2:
Dimerization: the Si(001) surface / 11.2.1:
Relaxation: the GaAs(110) surface / 11.2.2:
Adatoms and passivation: the Si(111) surface / 11.2.3:
Growth phenomena / 11.3:
Interfaces / 11.4:
Grain boundaries / 11.4.1:
Hetero-interfaces / 11.4.2:
Quasicrystals / 12.1:
Amorphous solids / 12.2:
Continuous random network / 12.2.1:
Radial distribution function / 12.2.2:
Electron localization due to disorder / 12.2.3:
Polymers / 12.3:
Structure of polymer chains and solids / 12.3.1:
The glass and rubber states / 12.3.2:
Clusters / 13.1:
Metallic clusters / 13.1.1:
Carbon clusters / 13.1.2:
Carbon nanotubes / 13.1.3:
Other covalent and mixed clusters / 13.1.4:
Biological molecules and structures / 13.2:
The structure of DNA and RNA / 13.2.1:
The structure of proteins / 13.2.2:
Relationship between DNA, RNA and proteins / 13.2.3:
Protein structure and function / 13.2.4:
Elements of classical electrodynamics / III:
Electrostatics and magnetostatics / A.1:
Fields in polarizable matter / A.2:
Electrodynamics / A.3:
Electromagnetic radiation / A.4:
The Schrodinger equation / Appendix B:
Bras, kets and operators / B.2:
Solution of the TISE / B.3:
Free particles / B.3.1:
Harmonic oscillator potential / B.3.2:
Coulomb potential / B.3.3:
Spin angular momentum / B.4:
Stationary perturbation theory / B.5:
Non-degenerate perturbation theory / B.5.1:
Degenerate perturbation theory / B.5.2:
Time-dependent perturbation theory / B.6:
The electromagnetic field term / B.7:
The laws of thermodynamics / Appendix C:
Thermodynamic potentials / C.2:
Application: phase transitions / C.3:
Average occupation numbers / Appendix D:
Classical Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics / D.1.1:
Quantum Fermi-Dirac statistics / D.1.2:
Quantum Bose-Einstein statistics / D.1.3:
Ensemble theory / D.2:
Definition of ensembles / D.2.1:
Derivation of thermodynamics / D.2.2:
Applications of ensemble theory / D.3:
Equipartition and the Virial / D.3.1:
Ideal gases / D.3.2:
Spins in an external magnetic field / D.3.3:
The strain tensor / Appendix E:
The stress tensor / E.2:
Stress-strain relations / E.3:
Strain energy density / E.4:
Applications of elasticity theory / E.5:
Isotropic elastic solid / E.5.1:
Plane strain / E.5.2:
Solid with cubic symmetry / E.5.3:
Potential of a gaussian function / Appendix F:
The Ewald method / F.2:
Differential operators / Appendix G:
Power series expansions / G.2:
Functional derivatives / G.3:
Fourier and inverse Fourier transforms / G.4:
The [delta]-function and its Fourier transform / G.5:
The [delta]-function and the [theta]-function / G.5.1:
Fourier transform of the [delta]-function / G.5.2:
The [delta]-function sums for crystals / G.5.3:
Normalized gaussians / G.6:
Nobel prize citations / Appendix H:
Preface
Acknowledgements
Acknowledgments
75.

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B. E. Baaquie, Belal Baaquie
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Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgements
Synopsis / 1:
Fundamental Concepts of Finance / Part I:
Introduction to finance / 2:
Derivative securities / 3:
Systems with Finite Number of Degrees of Freedom / Part II:
Hamiltonians and stock options / 4:
Path integrals and stock options / 5:
Stochastic interest ratesG++ Hamiltonians and path integrals / 6:
Quantum Field Theory of Interest Rates Models / Part III:
Quantum field theory of forward interest rates / 7:
Empirical forward interest rates and field theory models / 8:
Field theory of Treasury Bonds' derivatives and hedging / 9:
Field theory Hamiltonian of forward interest rates / 10:
Conclusions / 11:
mathematical background / Appendix A:
Brief glossary of financial terms
Brief glossary of physics terms
List of main symbols
References
Index
Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgements
76.

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EB
K. Tamvakis
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Preface
Wave functions / 1:
The free particle / 2:
Simple potentials / 3:
The harmonic oscillator / 4:
Angular momentum / 5:
Quantum behaviour / 6:
General motion / 7:
Many-particle systems / 8:
Approximation methods / 9:
Scattering / 10:
Bibliography
Index
Preface
Wave functions / 1:
The free particle / 2:
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Tomâas Ortâin, P. V. Landshoff
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Preface
Introduction to Gravity and Supergravity / Part I:
Differential geometry / 1:
Noether-s theorems / 2:
A perturbative Introduction to general relativity / 3:
Action principles for gravity / 4:
N = 1, 2, d = 4 supergravities / 5:
Conserved charges in general relativity / 6:
Gravitating Point-Particles / Part II:
The Schwarzschild black hole / 7:
The Reissner-Nordstr+ m black hole / 8:
The Taub-NUT solution / 9:
Gravitational pp-waves / 10:
The Kaluza-Klein black hole / 11:
Dilaton and dilaton/axion black holes / 12:
Unbroken supersymmetry / 13:
Gravitating Extended Objects of String Theory / Part III:
String theory / 14:
The string effective action and T duality / 15:
From eleven to four dimensions / 16:
The type-IIB superstring and type-II T duality / 17:
Extended objects / 18:
The extended objects of string theory / 19:
String black holes in four and five dimensions / 20:
Lie groups, symmetric spaces and Yang-Mills fields / Appendix A:
Gamma matrices and spinors / Appendix B:
N-Spheres / Appendix C:
Palatini-s identity / Appendix D:
Conformal rescalings / Appendix E:
Connections and curvature components / Appendix F:
The harmonic operator on R3 x S1 / Appendix G:
References
Index
Preface
Introduction to Gravity and Supergravity / Part I:
Differential geometry / 1:
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Jainendra K. Jain
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Preface
List of symbols and abbreviations
Overview / 1:
Integral quantum Hall effect / 1.1:
Fractional quantum Hall effect / 1.2:
Strongly correlated state / 1.3:
Composite fermions / 1.4:
Origin of the FQHE / 1.5:
The composite fermion quantum fluid / 1.6:
An "ideal" theory / 1.7:
Miscellaneous remarks / 1.8:
Quantum Hall effect / 2:
The Hall effect / 2.1:
Two-dimensional electron system / 2.2:
The von Klitzing discovery / 2.3:
The von Klitzing constant / 2.4:
The Tsui-Stormer-Gossard discovery / 2.5:
Role of technology / 2.6:
Exercises
Landau levels / 3:
Gauge invariance / 3.1:
Landau gauge / 3.2:
Symmetric gauge / 3.3:
Degeneracy / 3.4:
Filling factor / 3.5:
Wave functions for filled Landau levels / 3.6:
Lowest Landau level projection of operators / 3.7:
Gauge independent treatment / 3.8:
Magnetic translation operator / 3.9:
Spherical geometry / 3.10:
Coulomb matrix elements / 3.11:
Disk geometry/parabolic quantum dot / 3.12:
Torus geometry / 3.13:
Periodic potential: the Hofstadter butterfly / 3.14:
Tight binding model / 3.15:
Theory of the IQHE / 4:
The puzzle / 4.1:
The effect of disorder / 4.2:
Edge states / 4.3:
Origin of quantized Hall plateaus / 4.4:
IQHE in a periodic potential / 4.5:
Two-dimensional Anderson localization in a magnetic field / 4.6:
Density gradient and R[subscript xx] / 4.7:
The role of interaction / 4.8:
Foundations of the composite fermion theory / 5:
The great FQHE mystery / 5.1:
The Hamiltonian / 5.2:
Why the problem is hard / 5.3:
Condensed matter theory: solid or squalid? / 5.4:
Laughlin's theory / 5.5:
The analogy / 5.6:
Particles of condensed matter / 5.7:
Composite fermion theory / 5.8:
Wave functions in the spherical geometry / 5.9:
Uniform density for incompressible states / 5.10:
Derivation of v* and B* / 5.11:
Reality of the effective magnetic field / 5.12:
Reality of the [Lambda] levels / 5.13:
Lowest Landau level projection / 5.14:
Need for other formulations / 5.15:
Composite fermion Chern-Simons theory / 5.16:
Other CF based approaches / 5.17:
Microscopic verifications / 6:
Computer experiments / 6.1:
Relevance to laboratory experiments / 6.2:
A caveat regarding variational approach / 6.3:
Qualitative tests / 6.4:
Quantitative tests / 6.5:
What computer experiments prove / 6.6:
Inter-composite fermion interaction / 6.7:
Disk geometry / 6.8:
A small parameter and perturbation theory / 6.9:
Theory of the FQHE / 7:
Comparing the IQHE and the FQHE / 7.1:
Explanation of the FQHE / 7.2:
Absence of FQHE at v = 1/2 / 7.3:
Interacting composite fermions: new fractions / 7.4:
FQHE and spin / 7.5:
FQHE at low fillings / 7.6:
FQHE in higher Landau levels / 7.7:
Fractions ad infinitum? / 7.8:
Incompressible ground states and their excitations / 8:
One-particle reduced density matrix / 8.1:
Pair correlation function / 8.2:
Static structure factor / 8.3:
Ground state energy / 8.4:
CF-quasiparticle and CF-quasihole / 8.5:
Excitations / 8.6:
CF masses / 8.7:
CFCS theory of excitations / 8.8:
Tunneling into the CF liquid: the electron spectral function / 8.9:
Topology and quantizations / 9:
Charge charge, statistics statistics / 9.1:
Intrinsic charge and exchange statistics of composite fermions / 9.2:
Local charge / 9.3:
Quantized screening / 9.4:
Fractionally quantized Hall resistance / 9.5:
Evidence for fractional local charge / 9.6:
Observations of the fermionic statistics of composite fermions / 9.7:
Leinaas-Myrheim-Wilczek braiding statistics / 9.8:
Non-Abelian braiding statistics / 9.9:
Logical order / 9.10:
Composite fermion Fermi sea / 10:
Geometric resonances / 10.1:
Thermopower / 10.2:
Spin polarization of the CF Fermi sea / 10.3:
Magnetoresistance at v = 1/2 / 10.4:
Compressibility / 10.5:
Composite fermions with spin / 11:
Controlling the spin experimentally / 11.1:
Violation of Hund's first rule / 11.2:
Mean-field model of composite fermions with a spin / 11.3:
Microscopic theory / 11.4:
Comparisons with exact results: resurrecting Hund's first rule / 11.5:
Phase diagram of the FQHE with spin / 11.6:
Polarization mass / 11.7:
Spin-reversed excitations of incompressible states / 11.8:
Summary / 11.9:
Skyrmions / 11.10:
Non-composite fermion approaches / 12:
Hierarchy scenario / 12.1:
Composite boson approach / 12.2:
Response to Laughlin's critique / 12.3:
Two-dimensional one-component plasma (2DOCP) / 12.4:
Charged excitations at v = 1/m / 12.5:
Neutral excitations: Girvin-MacDonald-Platzman theory / 12.6:
Conti-Vignale-Tokatly continuum-elasticity theory / 12.7:
Search for a model interaction / 12.8:
Bilayer FQHE / 13:
Bilayer composite fermion states / 13.1:
1/2 FQHE / 13.2:
v = 1: interlayer phase coherence / 13.3:
Composite fermion drag / 13.4:
Spinful composite fermions in bilayers / 13.5:
Edge physics / 14:
QHE edge = 1D system / 14.1:
Green's function at the IQHE edge / 14.2:
Bosonization in one dimension / 14.3:
Wen's conjecture / 14.4:
Experiment / 14.5:
Exact diagonalization studies / 14.6:
Composite fermion theories of the edge / 14.7:
Composite fermion crystals / 15:
Wigner crystal / 15.1:
Composite fermions at low v / 15.2:
Composite fermion crystal / 15.3:
Experimental status / 15.4:
CF charge density waves / 15.5:
Appendixes
Gaussian integral / A:
Useful operator identities / B:
Point flux tube / C:
Adiabatic insertion of a point flux / D:
Berry phase / E:
Second quantization / F:
Green's functions, spectral function, tunneling / G:
Off-diagonal long-range order / H:
Total energies and energy gaps / I:
Metropolis Monte Carlo / J:
Composite fermion diagonalization / L:
References
Index
Appendices
Preface
List of symbols and abbreviations
Overview / 1:
79.

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Michel Le Bellac, G. George Batrouni, Ghassan George Batrouni, Fabrice Mortessagne
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2004
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Preface
Thermodynamics / 1:
Statistical entropy and Boltzmann distribution / 2:
Canonical and grand-canonical ensembles / 3:
Critical phenomena / 4:
Quantum statistics / 5:
Irreversible processes: macroscopic theory / 6:
Numerical simulations / 7:
Irreversible processes: kinetic theory / 8:
Topics in non-equilibrium statistical mechanics / 9:
Appendices / 10:
Preface
Thermodynamics / 1:
Statistical entropy and Boltzmann distribution / 2:
80.

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Mikhail Shifman, M. Shifman, A. Yung, Alexei Yung
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2009
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81.

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Michael El-Batanouny, M. El-Batanouny, Michael (Boston University) El-Batanouny, F. Wooten, Frederick Wooten
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2008
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Preface
Symmetry and physics / 1:
Introduction / 1.1:
Hamiltonians, eigenfunctions, and eigenvalues / 1.2:
Symmetry operators and operator algebra / 1.3:
Point-symmetry operations / 1.4:
Applications to quantum mechanics / 1.5:
Exercises
Symmetry and group theory / 2:
Groups and their realizations / 2.1:
The symmetric group / 2.2:
Computational aspects / 2.3:
Classes / 2.4:
Homomorphism, isomorphism, and automorphism / 2.5:
Direct- or outer-product groups / 2.6:
Group representations: concepts / 3:
Representations and realizations / 3.1:
Generation of representations on a set of basis functions / 3.2:
Group representations: formalism and methodology / 4:
Matrix representations / 4.1:
Character of a matrix representation / 4.2:
Burnside's method / 4.3:
Computational projects
Dixon's method for computing group characters / 5:
The eigenvalue equation modulo p / 5.1:
Dixon's method for irreducible characters / 5.2:
Computer codes for Dixon's method / 5.3:
Finding eigenvalues and eigenvectors / Appendix 1:
Appendix 2
Computation project
Group action and symmetry projection operators / 6:
Group action / 6.1:
Symmetry projection operators / 6.2:
The regular projection matrices: the simple characteristic / 6.3:
Construction of the irreducible representations / 7:
Eigenvectors of the regular Rep / 7.1:
The symmetry structure of the regular Rep eigenvectors / 7.2:
Symmetry projection on regular Rep eigenvectors / 7.3:
Computer construction of Irreps with d[subscript alpha] > 1 / 7.4:
Summary of the method / 7.5:
Exercise
Product groups and product representations / 8:
Subgroups and cosets / 8.1:
Direct outer-product groups / 8.3:
Semidirect product groups / 8.4:
Direct inner-product groups and their representations / 8.5:
Product representations and the Clebsch-Gordan series / 8.6:
Computer codes / 8.7:
Summary / 8.8:
Induced representations / 9:
Subduced Reps and compatibility relations / 9.1:
Induction of group Reps from the Irreps of its subgroups / 9.3:
Irreps induced from invariant subgroups / 9.4:
Examples of Irrep induction using the method of little-groups / 9.5:
Frobenius reciprocity theorem and other useful theorems / Appendix:
Crystallographic symmetry and space-groups / 10:
Euclidean space / 10.1:
Crystallography / 10.2:
The perfect crystal / 10.3:
Space-group operations: the Seitz operators / 10.4:
Symmorphic and nonsymmorphic space-groups / 10.5:
Site-symmetries and the Wyckoff notation / 10.6:
Fourier space crystallography / 10.7:
Space-groups: Irreps / 11:
Irreps of the translation group / 11.1:
Induction of Irreps of space-groups / 11.2:
Time-reversal symmetry: color groups and the Onsager relations / 12:
The time-reversal operator in quantum mechanics / 12.1:
Spin-1/2 and double-groups / 12.3:
Magnetic and color groups / 12.4:
The time-reversed representation: theory of corepresentations / 12.5:
Theory of crystal fields / 12.6:
Onsager reciprocity theorem (Onsager relations) and transport properties / 12.7:
Tensors and tensor fields / 13:
Tensors and their space-time symmetries / 13.1:
Construction of symmetry-adapted tensors / 13.2:
Description and classification of matter tensors / 13.3:
Tensor field representations / 13.4:
Electronic properties of solids / 14:
The one-electron approximations and self-consistent-field theories / 14.1:
Methods and techniques for band structure calculations / 14.3:
Electronic structure of magnetically ordered systems / 14.4:
Derivation of the Hartree-Fock equations
Holstein-Primakoff (HP) operators / Appendix 2:
Dynamical properties of molecules, solids, and surfaces / 15:
Dynamical properties of molecules / 15.1:
Dynamical properties of solids / 15.3:
Dynamical properties of surfaces / 15.4:
Coulomb interactions and the method of Ewald summations
Electronic effects on phonons in insulators and semiconductors
Experimental measurements and selection rules / 16:
Selection rules / 16.1:
Differential scattering cross-sections in the Born approximation / 16.3:
Light scattering spectroscopies / 16.4:
Photoemission and dipole selection rules / 16.5:
Neutron and atom scattering spectroscopies / 16.6:
Landau's theory of phase transitions / 17:
Phase transitions and their classification / 17.1:
Landau theory of phase transitions: principles / 17.2:
Construction and minimization techniques for [Delta phi] / 17.3:
Incommensurate systems and quasi-crystals / 18:
The concept of higher-dimensional spaces: superspaces and superlattices / 18.1:
Quasi-crystal symmetry: the notion of indistinguishability and the classification of space-groups / 18.3:
Two-dimensional lattices, cyclotomic integers, and axial stacking / 18.4:
Bibliography
References
Index
Preface
Symmetry and physics / 1:
Introduction / 1.1:
82.

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D. J. Newman, Betty Ng
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000
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List of contributors
Preface
Introduction
Crystal field splitting mechanisms / D. J. Newman ; Betty Ng1:
Empirical crystal fields / 2:
Fitting crystal field parameters / 3:
Lanthanide and actinide optical spectra / G. K. Liu4:
Superposition model / 5:
Effects of electron correlation on crystal field splitting / M. F. Reid6:
Ground state splittings in S-state ions / 7:
Invariants and moments / Y. Y. Yeung8:
Semiclassical model / K. S. Chan9:
Transition intensities / 10:
Point symmetry / Appendix 1:
QBASIC programs / Appendix 2:
Accessible program packages / Appendix 3:
Computer package CST / Cz. RudowiczAppendix 4:
Bibliography
Index
Superposition model D. J. Newman and Betty Ng
Computer package CST Cz. Rudowicz
List of contributors
Preface
Introduction
83.

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Howard Baer, Xerxes Tata
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2006
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Preface
The Standard Model / 1:
What lies beyond the Standard Model / 2:
The Wess-Zumino model / 3:
The supersymmetry algebra / 4:
Superfield formalism / 5:
Supersymmetric gauge theories / 6:
Supersymmetry breaking / 7:
The Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model / 8:
Implications of the MSSM / 9:
Local supersymmetry / 10:
Realistic supersymmetric models / 11:
Sparticle production at colliders / 12:
Sparticle decays / 13:
Supersymmetric event generation / 14:
The search for supersymmetry at colliders / 15:
R parity violation / 16:
Epilogue / 17:
Appendices
Appendces
Preface
The Standard Model / 1:
What lies beyond the Standard Model / 2:
84.

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Michael Dine
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2007
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Effective Field Theory: The Standard Model, Supersymmetry, Unification / Part I:
Before the Standard Model / 1:
The Standard Model / 2:
Phenomenology of the Standard Model / 3:
The Standard Model as an effective field theory / 4:
Anomalies. instantons and the Strong CP Problem / 5:
Grand unification / 6:
Magnetic monopoles and solitons / 7:
Technicolor: a first attempt to explain hierarchies / 8:
Supersymmetry / Part II:
A first look at supersymmetry breaking / 9:
The minimal supersymmetry Standard Model / 11:
Supersymmetric grand unification / 12:
Supersymmetric dynamics / 13:
Dynamical supersymmetry breaking / 14:
Theories with more than four conserved supercharges / 15:
More supersymmetric dynamics / 16:
An introduction to general relativity / 17:
Cosmology / 18:
Astroparticle physics and inflation / 19:
String Theory / Part III:
Introduction / 20:
The Bosonic string / 21:
The superstring / 22:
The heterotic string / 23:
Effective actions on ten dimensions / 24:
Compactification of string theory / 25:
Compactification of strings / 26:
Dynamics of strong theory at weak coupling / 27:
Beyond weak coupling: non-perturbative string theory / 28:
Large and warped extra dimensions / 29:
Coda: where are we headed? / 30:
The Appendices / Part IV:
Two component spinors / Appendix A:
Goldstone's theorem and the pi mesons / Appendix B:
Some practice with the path integral in field theory / Appendix C:
The beta-function in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory / Appendix D:
Index
Effective Field Theory: The Standard Model, Supersymmetry, Unification / Part I:
Before the Standard Model / 1:
The Standard Model / 2:
85.

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Eric Poisson
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2004
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86.

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Jørgen Rammer
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2007
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Preface
Quantum fields / 1:
Operators on the multi-particle state space / 2:
Quantum dynamics and Green's functions / 3:
Non-equilibrium theory / 4:
Real-time formalism / 5:
Linear response theory / 6:
Quantum kinetic equations / 7:
Non-equilibrium superconductivity / 8:
Diagrammatics and generating functionals / 9:
Effective action / 10:
Disordered conductors / 11:
Classical statistical dynamics / 12:
Appendices
Path integrals / A:
Retarded and advanced propagators / B:
Analytic properties of Green's functions / C:
Bibliography
Index
Quantum dynamics and Green's functions
Analytic properties of Green's functions
Preface
Quantum fields / 1:
Operators on the multi-particle state space / 2:
87.

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Igor Herbut
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2007
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Phase transitions and order parameters / 1.1:
Models: Ising, XY, Heisenberg / 1.2:
Universality and critical exponents / 1.3:
Scaling of free energy / 1.4:
Correlations and hyperscaling / 1.5:
Ginzburg-Landau-Wilson theory / 2:
Partition function for interacting bosons / 2.1:
Bose-Einstein condensation / 2.2:
Hartree approximation / 2.3:
Landau's mean-field theory / 2.4:
Upper critical dimension / 2.5:
Renormalization group / 3:
Idea / 3.1:
Momentum-shell transformation / 3.2:
[epsi]-expansion / 3.3:
Dangerously irrelevant coupling / 3.4:
Corrections to scaling / 3.5:
Field-theoretic perspective / 3.6:
Computation of anomalous dimension / 3.7:
Summary / 3.8:
Superconducting transition / 4:
Meissner effect / 4.1:
Fluctuation-induced first-order transition / 4.2:
Type-II superconductors near four dimensions / 4.3:
Anomalous dimension for the gauge field / 4.4:
Width of the critical region / 4.5:
Near lower critical dimension / 5:
Goldstone modes / 5.1:
Mermin-Wagner-Hohenberg theorem / 5.2:
Non-linear [sigma]-model / 5.3:
Low-temperature expansion / 5.4:
Discussion / 5.5:
Kosterlitz-Thouless transition / 6:
Vortices and spin waves / 6.1:
Mean-field theory / 6.2:
Duality and the sine-Gordon theory / 6.3:
Renormalization of the sine-Gordon model / 6.4:
Universal jump of superfluid density / 6.5:
Heisenberg model / 6.6:
Duality in higher dimensions / 7:
Frozen lattice superconductor / 7.1:
Confinement of magnetic monopoles / 7.2:
Magnetic field correlations / 7.3:
Compact electrodynamics / 7.4:
Quantum phase transitions / 8:
Dynamical critical exponent / 8.1:
Quantum critical point in [Phi superscript 4]-theory / 8.2:
Bose-Hubbard model / 8.3:
Quantum fluctuations and the superfluid density / 8.4:
Universal conductivity in two dimensions / 8.5:
Hubbard-Stratonovich transformation / Appendix A:
Linked-cluster theorem / Appendix B:
Gauge fixing for long-range order / Appendix C:
Select bibliography
Index
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Phase transitions and order parameters / 1.1:
88.

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Fiorenzo Bastianelli, Peter van Nieuwenhuizen, Peter Van Nieuwenhuizen
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2006
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Preface
Path integrals for quantum mechanics in curved space / Part I:
Introduction to path integrals / 1:
The simplest case: a particle in flat space / 1.1:
Quantum mechanical path integrals in curved space require regularization / 1.2:
Power counting and divergences / 1.3:
Brief summary of the three regularization schemes / 1.4:
A brief history of path integrals / 1.5:
Time slicing / 2:
Configuration-space path integrals for bosons from time slicing / 2.1:
The phase-space path integral and Matthews' theorem / 2.2:
Path integrals for Dirac fermions / 2.3:
Path integrals for Majorana fermions / 2.4:
Direct evaluation of the transition element to order [Beta] / 2.5:
Two-loop path integral evaluation of the transition element to order [Beta] / 2.6:
Mode regularization / 3:
Mode regularization in configuration space / 3.1:
The two-loop amplitude and the counterterm V[subscript M R] / 3.2:
Calculation of Feynman graphs in mode regularization / 3.3:
Dimensional regularization / 4:
Dimensional regularization in configuration space / 4.1:
Two-loop transition amplitude and the counterterm V[subscript D R] / 4.2:
Calculation of Feynman graphs in dimensional regularization / 4.3:
Path integrals for fermions / 4.4:
Applications to anomalies / Part II:
Introduction to anomalies / 5:
The simplest case: anomalies in two dimensions / 5.1:
The Fujikawa method / 5.2:
How to calculate anomalies using quantum mechanics / 5.3:
A brief history of anomalies / 5.4:
Chiral anomalies from susy quantum mechanics / 6:
The abelian chiral anomaly for spin-[fraction 12] fields coupled to gravity in 4k dimensions / 6.1:
The abelian chiral anomaly for spin-[fraction 12] fields coupled to the Yang-Mills fields in 2k dimensions / 6.2:
Lorentz anomalies for chiral spin-[fraction 12] fields coupled to gravity in 4k + 2 dimensions / 6.3:
Mixed Lorentz and non-abelian gauge anomalies for chiral spin-[fraction 12] fields coupled to gravity and Yang-Mills fields in 2k dimensions / 6.4:
The abelian chiral anomaly for spin-[fraction 32] fields coupled to gravity in 4k dimensions / 6.5:
Lorentz anomalies for chiral spin-[fraction 32] fields coupled to gravity in 4k + 2 dimensions / 6.6:
Lorentz anomalies for self-dual antisymmetric tensor fields coupled to gravity in 4k + 2 dimensions / 6.7:
Cancellation of gravitational anomalies in IIB supergravity / 6.8:
Cancellation of anomalies in N = 1 supergravity / 6.9:
The SO(16) x SO(16) string / 6.10:
Index theorems and path integrals / 6.11:
Trace anomalies from ordinary and susy quantum mechanics / 7:
Trace anomalies for scalar fields in two and four dimensions / 7.1:
Trace anomalies for spin-[fraction 12] fields in two and four dimensions / 7.2:
Trace anomalies for a vector field in four dimensions / 7.3:
String-inspired approach to trace anomalies / 7.4:
Conclusions and summary / 8:
Appendices
Riemann curvatures / A:
Weyl ordering of bosonic operators / B:
Weyl ordering of fermionic operators / C:
Nonlinear susy sigma models and d = 1 superspace / D:
Nonlinear susy sigma models for internal symmetries / E:
Gauge anomalies for exceptional groups / F:
References
Index
Path Integrals for Quantum Mechanics in Curved Space:
Applications to Anomalies:
Chiral anomalies from susy quantum fields
Appendices A-ôF
Preface
Path integrals for quantum mechanics in curved space / Part I:
Introduction to path integrals / 1:
89.

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Jeffrey P. Freidberg
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2007
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Preface
Acknowledgements
Units
Fusion power / Part I:
Fusion and world energy / 1:
Introduction / 1.1:
The existing energy options / 1.2:
The role of fusion energy / 1.3:
Overall summary and conclusions / 1.4:
Bibliography
The fusion reaction / 2:
Nuclear vs. chemical reactions / 2.1:
Nuclear energy by fission / 2.3:
Nuclear energy by fusion / 2.4:
The binding energy curve and why it has the shape it does / 2.5:
Summary / 2.6:
Problems
Fusion power generation / 3:
The concepts of cross section, mean free path, and collision frequency / 3.1:
The reaction rate / 3.3:
The distribution functions, the fusion cross sections, and the fusion power density / 3.4:
Radiation losses / 3.5:
Power balance in a fusion reactor / 3.6:
The 0-D conservation of energy relation / 4.1:
General power balance in magnetic fusion / 4.3:
Steady stale 0-D power balance / 4.4:
Power balance in the plasma / 4.5:
Power balance in a reactor / 4.6:
Time dependent power balance in a fusion reactor / 4.7:
Summary of magnetic fusion power balance / 4.8:
Design of a simple magnetic fusion reactor / 5:
A generic magnetic fusion reactor / 5.1:
The critical reactor design parameters to be calculated / 5.3:
Design goals, and basic engineering and nuclear physics constraints / 5.4:
Design of the reactor / 5.5:
The plasma physics of fusion energy / 5.6:
Overview of magnetic fusion / 6:
Basic description of a plasma / 6.1:
Single-particle behavior / 6.3:
Self-consistent models / 6.4:
MHD equilibrium and stability / 6.5:
Magnetic fusion concepts / 6.6:
Transport / 6.7:
Heating and current drive / 6.8:
The future of fusion research / 6.9:
Definition of a fusion plasma / 7:
Shielding DC electric fields in a plasma - the Debye length / 7.1:
Shielding AC electric fields in a plasma - the plasma frequency / 7.3:
Low collisionality and collective effects / 7.4:
Additional constraints for a magnetic fusion plasma / 7.5:
Macroscopic behavior vs. collisions / 7.6:
Single-particle motion in a plasma - guiding center theory / 7.7:
General properties of single-particle motion / 8.1:
Motion in a constant B field / 8.3:
Motion in constant B and E fields: the E x B drift / 8.4:
Motion in fields with perpendicular gradients: the [Characters not reproducible] B drift / 8.5:
Motion in a curved magnetic field: the curvature drift / 8.6:
Combined V[subscript Characters not reproducible B] and V[subscript k] drifts in a vacuum magnetic field / 8.7:
Motion in time varying E and B fields: the polarization drift / 8.8:
Motion in fields with parallel gradients: the magnetic moment and mirroring / 8.9:
Summary - putting all the pieces together / 8.10:
Single-particle motion - Coulomb collisions / 9:
Coulomb collisions - mathematical derivation / 9.1:
The test particle collision frequencies / 9.3:
The mirror machine revisited / 9.4:
The slowing down of high-energy ions / 9.5:
Runaway electrons / 9.6:
Net exchange collisions / 9.7:
A self-consistent two-fluid model / 9.8:
Properties of a fluid model / 10.1:
Conservation of mass / 10.3:
Conservation of momentum / 10.4:
Conservation of energy / 10.5:
Summary of the two-fluid model / 10.6:
MHD - macroscopic equilibrium / 11:
The basic issues of macroscopic equilibrium and stability / 11.1:
Derivation of MHD from the two-fluid model / 11.2:
Derivation of MHD from guiding center theory / 11.3:
MHD equilibrium - a qualitative description / 11.4:
Basic properties of the MHD equilibrium model / 11.5:
Radial pressure balance / 11.6:
Toroidal force balance / 11.7:
Summary of MHD equilibrium / 11.8:
MHD - macroscopic stability / 12:
General concepts of stability / 12.1:
A physical picture of MHD instabilities / 12.3:
The general formulation of the ideal MHD stability problem / 12.4:
The infinite homogeneous plasma - MHD waves / 12.5:
The linear [Theta]-pinch / 12.6:
The m = 0 mode in a linear Z-pinch / 12.7:
The m = 1 mode in a linear Z-pinch / 12.8:
Summary of stability / 12.9:
The levitated dipole (LDX) / 13:
The field reversed configuration (FRC) / 13.3:
The surface current model / 13.4:
The reversed field pinch (RFP) / 13.5:
The spheromak / 13.6:
The tokamak / 13.7:
The stellarator / 13.8:
Revisiting the simple fusion reactor / 13.9:
Overall summary / 13.10:
Transport in a 1-D cylindrical plasma / 14:
Solving the transport equations / 14.3:
Neoclassical transport / 14.4:
Empirical scaling relations / 14.5:
Applications of transport theory to a fusion ignition experiment / 14.6:
Ohmic heating / 14.7:
Neutral beam heating / 15.3:
Basic principles of RF heating and current drive / 15.4:
The cold plasma dispersion relation / 15.5:
Collisionless damping / 15.6:
Electron cyclotron heating (ECH) / 15.7:
Ion cyclotron heating (ICH) / 15.8:
Lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) / 15.9:
Current status of plasma physics research / 15.10:
ITER / 16.3:
A Demonstration Power Plant (DEMO) / 16.4:
Analytical derivation of ([sigma] v) / Appendix A:
Radiation from an accelerating charge / Appendix B:
Derivation of Boozer coordinates / Appendix C:
Poynting's theorem / Appendix D:
Index
Steady state 0-D power balance
Motion in fields with perpendicular gradients: the [down triangle, open] B drift
Combined V[subscript down triangle, open B] and V[subscript k] drifts in a vacuum magnetic field
The linear [theta]-pinch
Transport in a 1-D cyclindrical plasma
Analytical derivation of [right angle bracket sigma] v[left angle bracket]
Poynting's theorem
Preface
Acknowledgements
Units
90.

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Eric Akkermans, Gilles Montambaux
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Leiden : Cambridge University Press, 2007
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Introduction: mesoscopic physics; / 1:
Wave equations in random media; / 2:
Perturbation theory; / 3:
Probability of quantum diffusion; / 4:
Properties of the diffusion equation; / 5:
Dephasing; / 6:
Electronic transport; / 7:
Coherent backscattering of light; / 8:
Diffusing wave spectroscopy; / 9:
Spectral properties of disordered metals; / 10:
Universal conductance fluctuations; / 11:
Correlations of speckle patterns; / 12:
Interactions and diffusion; / 13:
Orbital magnetism and persistent currents; / 14:
Formulary; / 15:
Index.
Introduction: mesoscopic physics
Wave equations in random media
Perturbation theory
Probability of quantum diffusion
Properties of the diffusion equation
Dephasing
Electronic transport
Coherent backscattering of light
Diffusing wave spectroscopy
Spectral properties of disordered metals
Universal conductance fluctuations
Correlations of speckle patterns
Interactions and diffusion
Orbital magnetism and persistent currents
Formulary
Index
Introduction: mesoscopic physics; / 1:
Wave equations in random media; / 2:
Perturbation theory; / 3:
91.

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Alberto Pimpinelli, Jacques Villain
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1999
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Preface
List of symbols
Morphology of a crystal surface / 1:
Surface free energy, step free energy, and chemical potential / 2:
The equilibrium crystal shape / 3:
Growth and dissolution crystal shapes: Frank's model / 4:
Crystal growth: the abc / 5:
Growth and evaporation of a stepped surface / 6:
Diffusion / 7:
Thermal smoothing of a surface / 8:
Silicon and other semiconducting materials / 9:
Growth instabilities of a planar front / 10:
Nucleation and the adatom diffusion length / 11:
Growth roughness at long lengthscales in the linear approximation / 12:
The Kardar-Parisi-Zhang equation / 13:
Growth without evaporation / 14:
Elastic interactions between defects on a crystal surface / 15:
General equations of an elastic solid / 16:
Technology, crystal growth and surface science / 17:
Appendices
References
Index
Preface
List of symbols
Morphology of a crystal surface / 1:
92.

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T. J. M. Boyd, J. J. Sanderson, Jeffrey John Sanderson
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2003
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Particle orbit theory / 2:
Macroscopic equations / 3:
Ideal magnetohydrodynamics / 4:
Resistive magnetohydrodynamics / 5:
Waves in unbounded homogeneous plasmas / 6:
Collisionless kinetic theory / 7:
Collisional kinetic theory / 8:
Plasma radiation / 9:
Non-linear plasma physics / 10:
Aspects of inhomogeneous plasmas / 11:
The classical theory of plasmas / 12:
Appendices
References
Index
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Particle orbit theory / 2:
93.

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A. B. Pippard
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1989
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The Simple Classical Vibrator: / Part I:
The free vibrator: applications of complex variables to linear systems / 1:
Fourier series and integrals / 2:
Spectrum analysis / 3:
The driven harmonic vibrator / 4:
Waves and resonators / 5:
Velocity dependent forces / 6:
The driven anharmonic vibrator / 7:
subharmonics stability / 8:
Parametric excitation / 9:
Maintained oscillators / 10:
Coupled vibrator / 11:
The Simple Vibrator in Quantum Mechanics / Part II:
The quantized harmonic vibrator and its classical features / 12:
Anharmonic vibrators / 13:
Vibrations and cyclotron orbits in two dimensions / 14:
Dissipation, level broadening and radiation / 15:
The equivalent classical oscillator / 16:
The two-level system / 17:
Line broadening / 18:
The ammonia maser / 19:
The family of masers: from laser to travelling wave oscillator / 20:
Preface to part I
Preface to part II
Preface to the combined volume
General introduction - author to reader
The Simple Classical Vibrator
The free vibrator
Applications of complex variables to linear systems
Fourier series and integral
Velocity-dependent forces
The driven anharmonic vibrator; subharmonics; stability
Coupled vibrators
The family of masers: from laser to travelling-wave oscillator / 21:
Epilogue
References
Index
General Introduction - author to reader
The Simple Classical Vibrator: / Part I:
The free vibrator: applications of complex variables to linear systems / 1:
Fourier series and integrals / 2:
94.

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Zenonas Rudzikas
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1998
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Preface
Introduction
Energy Spectrum of Many-electron Atom. Radiative and Autoionizing Transitions (Initial Formulas) / Part I:
Non-relativistic atomic Hamiltonian and relativistic corrections / 1:
Relativistic atomic Hamiltonian. New wave function / 2:
Perturbation theory for the energy of an atom / 3:
Radiative and autoionizing electronic transitions. Generalized expressions for electric multipole (Ek) transition operators / 4:
Foundations of the Angular Momentum Theory. Graphical Methods / Part II:
Angular momentum and tensorial algebra / 5:
Main quantities of angular momentum theory / 6:
Angular momentum theory for relativistic case / 7:
Graphical methods: their generalization for perturbation theory / 8:
Description of Complex Electronic Configurations / Part III:
Non-relativistic and relativistic cases of a shell of equivalent electrons / 9:
Two and more shells of equivalent electrons / 10:
Classification of energy levels / 11:
Relations between various coupling schemes / 12:
Second-quantization in the Theory of an Atom: Quasispin and Isospin / Part IV:
Second-quantization and irreducible tensorial sets / 13:
Operators and matrix elements in second-quantization representation / 14:
Quasispin for a shell of equivalent electrons / 15:
Algebraic expressions for coefficients of fractional parentage (CFP) / 16:
Tensorial properties and quasispin of complex configurations / 17:
Isospin in the theory of an atom / 18:
Matrix Elements of the Energy Operator / Part V:
The energy of a shell of equivalent electrons / 19:
Interaction energy of two shells in LS coupling / 20:
Semi-empirical methods of calculation of the energy spectra / 21:
Hyperfine structure of the energy spectra, isotopic and Lamb shift / 22:
Quasispin and isospin for relativistic matrix elements / 23:
Electric and Magnetic Multipole Transitions / Part VI:
General expressions for electric (Ek) and magnetic (Mk) multipole radiation quantities / 24:
Non relativistic matrix elements of the Ek-transitions / 25:
Relativistic matrix elements of Ek-transitions / 26:
Mk-transitions. Particular cases of E2- and M1-transitions / 27:
Calculation of Energy Spectra and Electronic Transitions in the Case of Complex Configurations / Part VII:
Methods of determination of radial orbitals / 28:
Correlation effects. Perturbation theory / 29:
The role of gauge dependence, relativistic and correlation effects in electronic transitions / 30:
Peculiarities of the structure and spectra of highly ionized atoms / 31:
Global methods in the theory of many-electron atoms / 32:
Peculiarities of configurations with vacancies in inner shells / 33:
Epilogue
References
Index
Radiative and autoionizing celectronic transitions. Generalized expressions for electric multipole (Ek) transition operators
Energy Spectrum of Many-electron Atom
Radiative and Autoionizing Transitions (Initial Formulas)
Relativistic atomic Hamiltonian
New wave function
Radiative and autoionizing electronic transitions
Generalized expressions for electric multipole (Ek) transition operators
Foundations of the Angular Momentum Theory
Graphical Methods
Mk-transitions
Particular cases of E2- and M1-transitions
Correlation effects
Perturbation theory
Preface
Introduction
Energy Spectrum of Many-electron Atom. Radiative and Autoionizing Transitions (Initial Formulas) / Part I:
95.

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Tian Yu Cao
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1999
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Introduction: Conceptual issues in quantum field theory
Philosophers' Interests in Quantum Field Theory / Part I:
Why are we philosophers interested in quantum field theory / 1:
Quantum field theory and the philosopher / 2:
Three Approaches to the Foundations of Quantum Field Theory / Part II:
The usefulness of a general theory of quantized fields / 3:
Effective field theory in condensed matter physics / 4:
The triumph and limitations of quantum field theory / 5:
Comments Discussions / 6:
Does Quantum Field Theory Need a Foundation / Part III:
Does quantum field theory need a foundation? / 7:
Mathematics, Statistical Mechanics and Quantum Field Theory / Part IV:
Renormalization group theory: its basis and formulation in statistical physics / 8:
Where does quantum field theory fit into the big picture? / 9:
The unreasonable effectiveness of quantum field theory / 10:
Comment: the quantum field theory of physics and of mathematics / 11:
Quantum Field Theory and Spacetime: Introduction / Part V:
Quantum field theory and spacetime: formalism and reality / 12:
Quantum field theory of geometry / 13:
`Localization' in quantum field theory: how much of QFT is compatible with what we know about spacetime / 14:
Comments / 15:
What is quantum field theory and what did we think it was? / VI:
Renormalization Group / 17:
What is fundamental physics? A renormalization group perspective / 18:
Renormalization group: an interesting yet puzzling idea / 19:
Non-Abelian Gauge Theory / Part VIII:
Gauge fields, gravity and Bohm's theory / 20:
Is the Aharonov-Bohm effect local?; Discussions / 21:
The Ontology of Particles or Fields / Part IX:
The ineliminable classical face of quantum field theory / 22:
The logic of quanta / 23:
Do Feynman diagrams endorse a particle ontology? / 24:
On the ontology of QFT / 25:
Panel Discussion / Part X:
Philosophers' Interests in Quantum Field Theory
Discussions
'Localization' in quantum field theory: how much of QFT is compatible with what we know about spacetime
Gauge fields, gravity and Bohm's theory
Is the Aharonov-Bohm effect local?
Introduction: Conceptual issues in quantum field theory
Philosophers' Interests in Quantum Field Theory / Part I:
Why are we philosophers interested in quantum field theory / 1:
96.

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Viktor Dotsenko
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Spin-Glass Systems / Part I:
Physics of the spin glass state / 2:
The mean-field theory of spin glasses
Physics of replica symmetry breaking / 4:
Ultrametricity / 5:
Experiments / 6:
Critical Phenomena and Quenched Disorder / Part II:
Scaling theory of the critical phenomena / 7:
Critical behaviour in systems with disorder / 8:
Spin glass effects in the critical phenomena / 9:
Two dimensional Ising model with disorder / 10:
Other Types of Disordered Systems / Part III:
Ising systems with quenched random fields / 11:
One dimensional directed polymers in random potentials / 12:
Vector breaking of replica symmetry / 13:
Conclusions / 14:
References
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Spin-Glass Systems / Part I:
97.

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Denis J. Evans, Gary P. Morriss
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2008
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Preface to the second edition
Preface to the first edition
Introduction / 1:
Linear irreversible thermodynamics / 2:
The conservation equations / 2.1:
Entropy production / 2.2:
Curie's theorem / 2.3:
Non-markovian constitutive relations: viscoelasticity / 2.4:
The microscopic connection / 3:
Classical mechanics / 3.1:
Phase space / 3.2:
Distribution functions and the liouville equation / 3.3:
Ergodicity, mixing, and Lyapunov exponents / 3.4:
Equilibrium time-correlation functions / 3.5:
Operator identities / 3.6:
The Irving-Kirkwood procedure / 3.7:
Instantaneous microscopic representation of fluxes / 3.8:
Microscopic representation of the temperature / 3.9:
The Green-kubo relations / 4:
The Langevin equation / 4.1:
Mori-Zwanzig theory / 4.2:
Shear viscosity / 4.3:
Green-Kubo relations for Navier-Stokes transport coefficients / 4.4:
Linear-response theory / 5:
Adiabatic linear response theory / 5.1:
Thermostats and equilibrium distribution functions / 5.2:
Isothermal linear response theory / 5.3:
The equivalence of thermostatted linear responses / 5.4:
Computer simulation algorithms / 6:
Self diffusion / 6.1:
Couette flow and shear viscosity / 6.3:
Thermostatting shear flows / 6.4:
Elongational flows / 6.5:
Thermal conductivity / 6.6:
Norton ensemble methods / 6.7:
Constant-pressure ensembles / 6.8:
Constant stress ensembles / 6.9:
Nonlinear response theory / 7:
Kubo's form for the nonlinear response / 7.1:
Kawasaki distribution function / 7.2:
The transient time-correlation function formalism / 7.3:
Trajectory mappings / 7.4:
Differential response functions / 7.5:
The van Kampen objection to linear response theory / 7.6:
Time-dependent response theory / 7.7:
Dynamical stability / 8:
Chaotic dynamical systems / 8.1:
The characterization of chaos / 8.3:
Chaos in planar couette flow / 8.4:
Conjugate pairing of Lyapunov exponents / 8.5:
Periodic orbit measures / 8.6:
Positivity of transport coefficients / 8.7:
Nonequilibrium fluctuations / 9:
The specific heat / 9.1:
The compressibility and isobaric specific heat / 9.3:
The fluctuation theorem / 9.4:
Gallavotti and Cohen fluctuation theorem / 9.5:
The Jarzynski equality / 9.6:
The Crooks relation / 9.7:
Experimental verification / 9.8:
Thermodynamics of steady states / 10:
The thermodynamic temperature / 10.1:
Green's expansion for the entropy / 10.2:
Prospects / 10.3:
References
Index
Preface to the second edition
Preface to the first edition
Introduction / 1:
98.

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Alexander Cyril Hewson
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1993
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Models of magnetic impurities / 1:
Resistivity calculations and the resistance minimum / 2:
The Kondo problem / 3:
Renormalization group calculations / 4:
Fermi liquid theories / 5:
Exact solutions and the Bethe ansatz / 6:
N-fold degenerate models I / 7:
N-fold degenerate models II / 8:
Theory and experiment / 9:
Strongly correlated fermions / 10:
Appendices.
Appendices
Models of magnetic impurities / 1:
Resistivity calculations and the resistance minimum / 2:
The Kondo problem / 3:
99.

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Esteban A. Calzetta, Bei-Lok Hu, Bei-Lok B. Hu
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , 2008
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Preface
Fundamentals of Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics / I:
Basic issues in nonequilibrium statistical mechanics / 1:
Macroscopic description of physical processes / 1.1:
Microscopic characterization from dynamical systems behavior / 1.2:
Physical conditions / 1.3:
Coarse graining and persistent structure in the physical world / 1.4:
Physical systems: Closed, open, effectively closed and effectively open / 1.5:
Appendix A: Stochastic processes and equations in a (tiny) nutshell / 1.6:
Relaxation, dissipation, noise and fluctuations / 2:
A simple model of Brownian motion / 2.1:
The Fokker-Planck and Kramers-Moyal equations / 2.2:
The Boltzmann equation / 2.3:
Quantum open systems / 3:
A quick review of quantum mechanics / 3.1:
Influence functional / 3.2:
The master equation / 3.3:
The Langevin equation / 3.4:
The Kramers-Moyal equation / 3.5:
Derivation of the propagator and the master equation / 3.6:
Consistent histories and decoherence functional / 3.7:
Basics of Nonequilibrium Quantum Field Theory / II:
Quantum fields on time-dependent backgrounds: Particle creation / 4:
Basic field theory / 4.1:
Particle production in external fields / 4.2:
Spontaneous and stimulated production / 4.3:
Quantum Vlasov equation / 4.4:
Periodically driven fields / 4.5:
Particle creation in a dynamical spacetime / 4.6:
Particle creation as squeezing / 4.7:
Squeezed quantum open systems / 4.8:
Open systems of interacting quantum fields / 5:
Influence functional: Two interacting quantum fields / 5.1:
Quantum functional master equation / 5.2:
The closed time path coarse-grained effective action / 5.3:
Functional methods in nonequilibrium QFT / 6:
Propagators / 6.1:
Functional methods / 6.2:
The closed time path effective action / 6.3:
Computing the closed time path effective action / 6.4:
The two-particle irreducible effective action / 6.5:
Handling divergences / 6.6:
Gauge Invariance, Dissipation, Entropy, Noise and Decoherence / III:
Closed time path effective action for gauge theories / 7:
Path integral quantization of gauge theories - an overview / 7.1:
The 2PI formalism applied to gauge theories / 7.2:
Gauge dependence and propagator structure / 7.3:
Dissipation and noise in mean field dynamics / 8:
Preliminaries / 8.1:
Dissipation in the mean field dynamics / 8.2:
Dissipation and particle creation / 8.3:
Particle creation and noise / 8.4:
Full quantum correlations from the Langevin approach / 8.5:
The fluctuation-dissipation theorem / 8.6:
Particle creation and decoherence / 8.7:
The nonlinear regime / 8.8:
Final remarks / 8.9:
Entropy generation and decoherence of quantum fields / 9:
Entropy generation from particle creation / 9.1:
Entropy of quantum fields / 9.2:
Entropy from the (apparent) damping of the mean field / 9.3:
Entropy of squeezed quantum open systems / 9.4:
Decoherence in a quantum phase transition / 9.5:
Spinodal decomposition of an interacting quantum field / 9.6:
Decoherence of the inflaton field / 9.7:
Thermal, Kinetic and Hydrodynamic Regimes / IV:
Thermal field and linear response theory / 10:
The thermal generating functional / 10.1:
Linear response theory / 10.2:
The Kubo-Martin-Schwinger theorem / 10.3:
Thermal self-energy: Screening / 10.4:
Landau damping / 10.5:
Hard thermal loops / 10.6:
Quantum kinetic field theory / 11:
The Kadanoff-Baym equations / 11.1:
Quantum kinetic field theory on nontrivial backgrounds / 11.2:
Hydrodynamics and thermalization / 12:
Classical relativistic hydrodynamics / 12.1:
Quantum fields in the hydrodynamic limit / 12.2:
Transport functions in the hydrodynamic limit / 12.3:
Transport functions from linear response theory / 12.4:
Thermalization / 12.5:
Applications to Selected Current Research / V:
Nonequilibrium Bose-Einstein condensates / 13:
The closed time path integral approach to BECs / 13.1:
The symmetry-breaking approach to BECs / 13.2:
The particle number conserving formalism / 13.3:
Nonequilibrium issues in RHICs and DCCs / 14:
Relativistic heavy ion collisions (RHICs) / 14.1:
Disoriented chiral condensates (DCCs) / 14.2:
Nonequilibrium quantum processes in the early universe / 15:
Quantum fluctuations and noise in inflationary cosmology / 15.1:
Structure formation: Effect of colored noise / 15.2:
Reheating in the inflationary universe / 15.3:
References
Index
Preface
Fundamentals of Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics / I:
Basic issues in nonequilibrium statistical mechanics / 1:
100.

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William Shen-chie Chang
出版情報: Cambridge University Press Online Books , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2005
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Preface
Scalar wave equations and diffraction of laser radiation / 1:
Gaussian modes in optical laser cavities and Gaussian beam optics / 2:
Guided wave modes and their propagation / 3:
Guided wave interactions and photonic devices / 4:
Macroscopic properties of materials from stimulated emission and absorption / 5:
Solid state and gas laser amplifier and oscillator / 6:
Semiconductor lasers / 7:
Index
Preface
Scalar wave equations and diffraction of laser radiation / 1:
Gaussian modes in optical laser cavities and Gaussian beam optics / 2:
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