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1.

電子ブック

EB
Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , William Andrew Publishing, 2011
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Preface
About the Author
Air Pollution / 1:
Overview / 1.1:
The National Emissions Inventory / 1.2:
Criteria Air Pollutants / 1.3:
Carbon Monoxide / 1.3.1:
Lead / 1.3.2:
Nitrogen Dioxide / 1.3.3:
Particulate Matter / 1.3.4:
Ozone / 1.3.5:
Sulfur Dioxide / 1.3.6:
NAAQS / 1.3.7:
Comparing Emissions / 1.4:
National Emissions Inventory / 1.4.1:
Toxics Release Inventory / 1.4.2:
Mercury Releases / 1.5:
Solid Wastes / 2:
Coal Combustion Byproducts / 2.1:
Regulations / 2.3:
Origins and General Properties of Fly Ash / 2.4:
Flue-Gas Desulfurization Material / 2.5:
Toxic Heavy Metals Found in Fly Ashes / 2.6:
Beneficial Ash Characteristics and Markets / 2.7:
Radioactive Constituents / 2.8:
Old and New Generation Technologies / 3:
Stoker-Fired Coal Combustion / 3.1:
Pulverized-Coal Combustion / 3.3:
Cyclone Coal Combustion / 3.4:
Fluidized-Bed Combustion / 3.5:
Pressurized Fluidized-Bed Combustion Systems / 3.5.1:
Gasification / 3.6:
Comparing Energy Costs / 3.7:
Carbon Capture and Sequestration / 4:
Introduction / 4.1:
Factors Influencing GHG Emissions / 4.2:
Emissions Trading Scheme / 4.3:
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Technologies / 4.4:
Safety and Environmental Setbacks / 4.4.1:
Recycling and New Markets / 4.4.2:
Commercial Status / 4.5:
Improving Efficiencies / 4.6:
The TVA Ash Spill / 5:
Facility Background / 5.1:
Coal Sources and Quantities / 5.3:
Solid Waste Storage / 5.4:
Ash Analysis / 5.5:
The Spill / 5.6:
Facility Environmental Footprint / 5.7:
Airborne Releases from the Spill Incident / 5.8:
Exceedances and Excursions / 5.9:
Toxins Released / 5.10:
An Estimate of the Releases to Air / 5.11:
Industry-Wide Problem / 5.12:
Recommended Sources
Glossary
Index
Preface
About the Author
Air Pollution / 1:
2.

電子ブック

EB
Lawrence C. Kuo
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Elsevier Science & Technology, 2011
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Tools / Part I:
Designing a Diverse High Quality Library for Crystallography Based FBDD Screening / Brett A. Tounge ; Michael H. Parker1:
Preparation of Protein Samples for NMR Structure, Function, and Small-Molecule Screening Studies / Thomas B. Acton ; Rong Xiao ; James Aramini ; William A. Buchwald ; Colleen Ciccosanti ; Ken Conover ; Keith Hamilton ; Yuanpeng Janet Huang ; Haleema Janjua ; Paolo Rossi ; Seema Sharma ; G.V.T.Swapna ; Huang Wang ; Li Zhao ; Gaetano T. Montelione2:
Key Factors for Successful Generation of Protein-Fragment Structures: Requirements on Protein, Crystals, and Technology / Anja Jestel ; Stefan Steinbacher3:
Automated Crystal Amplification and Compound Dispensation for FBDD Analysis / Francis A. Lewandowski ; Cynthia M. Milligan4:
Hardware and Protocols for Rapid Fragment Based Structure Determination / Richard S. Alexander ; John C. Spurlino5:
Using Computational Techniques in Fragment-Based Drug Discovery / Renee L. DesJarlais6:
Computational Approaches to De Novo Discovery of Fragment Binding for Unprecedented Protein States / Zenon D. Konteatis ; Jinming Zou ; Anthony E. Klon ; Siavash Meshkat7:
Practical Approaches / Part II:
How to Avoid Rediscovering the Known / Lawrence C. Kuo8:
From Experimental Design to Data Analysis: A Comprehensive Walk-Through of Fragment Identification Using Surface Plasmon Resonance / Anthony M. Giannetti9:
Practical Aspects of NMR Based Fragment Screening / Christopher Lepre10:
Fluorescent Protein Thermal Shifts to Identify Low Molecular Weight Fragments / James K. Kranz ; Matthew J. Todd11:
A HTS Reporter Displacement Assay for Fragment Screening and Fragment Evolution Towards Leads with Optimized Binding Affinity, Binding Kinetics, and Kinetic Selectivity / Lars Neumann12:
Fragment Screening of Stabilized G-Protein Coupled Receptors Using Biophysical Methods / Miles Congreve ; Fiona H. Marshall ; David Myszka ; Gregg Siegal13:
Predicting the Success of a Fragment Screening by X-Ray Crystallography / Douglas Davies ; Lance Stewart14:
Fragment Screening Purely with Protein Crystallography / 15:
Structure Density Relationship Based FBDD / Marta C. Abad ; Xuqing Zhang ; Alan C. Gibbs16:
Lead Generation Examples / Part III:
Lead Generation and Examples - Opinions Regarding How to Follow Up Hits / Masaya Orita ; Kazuki Ohno ; Masaichi Warizaya ; Yasushi Amano ; Tatsuya Niimi17:
High Throughput Thermodynamics for Selection of Fragment Hits and Guidance of Fragment Evolution / 18:
Medicinal Chemistry Inspired Fragment Based Drug Discovery / James C. Lanter ; Zhihua Sui19:
Experiences in Fragment-Based Lead Discovery / Roderick E. Hubbard ; James B. Murray20:
Advancing Fragment Binders to Lead Like Compounds Using Ligand and Protein Based NMR Spectroscopy / Till Maurer21:
Effective Progression of NMR-Directed Fragment Hits / Hugh Eaton ; Daniel Wyss22:
Fragment Screening of Infectious Disease Targets in a Structural Genomics Environment / 23:
Tools / Part I:
Designing a Diverse High Quality Library for Crystallography Based FBDD Screening / Brett A. Tounge ; Michael H. Parker1:
Preparation of Protein Samples for NMR Structure, Function, and Small-Molecule Screening Studies / Thomas B. Acton ; Rong Xiao ; James Aramini ; William A. Buchwald ; Colleen Ciccosanti ; Ken Conover ; Keith Hamilton ; Yuanpeng Janet Huang ; Haleema Janjua ; Paolo Rossi ; Seema Sharma ; G.V.T.Swapna ; Huang Wang ; Li Zhao ; Gaetano T. Montelione2:
3.

電子ブック

EB
Christopher Bettinger, Jeffrey Borenstein, Jeffrey T. Borenstein, Sarah Tao, Sarah L. Tao
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , William Andrew Publishing, 2011
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Materials and Microfabrication Techniques / Part I:
Device Design / Part II:
Microfluidic Systems for Engineered Tissues / Part III:
In Vitro Microfluidic Cell Culture Systems / Part IV:
Materials and Microfabrication Techniques / Part I:
Device Design / Part II:
Microfluidic Systems for Engineered Tissues / Part III:
4.

電子ブック

EB
Ioan D. Marinescu, W. Brian Rowe
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , William Andrew Publishing, 2012
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5.

電子ブック

EB
Hideaki Adachi, Isaku Kanno, Hidetoshi Kotera, Kiyotaka Wasa
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , William Andrew Publishing, 2012
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Thin Film and Nano-materials
Thin Film and Nanomaterial Processes
Sputtering Phenomena
Computer Simulation of Sputtering
Sputtering Systems
Deposition of Compound Thin Films
Nanometer Materials and Devices
Microfabrications
Appendix
List of Acronyms
Index
Thin Film and Nano-materials
Thin Film and Nanomaterial Processes
Sputtering Phenomena
6.

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EB
Lisa Satterwhite, Lisa L. Satterwhite, Natan T. Shaked, Zeev Zalevsky
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Academic Press, 2012
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Introduction to phase microscopy and nanoscopy for biomedical applications (1 chapter)
Phase contrast microscopy, engineering and application (2 chapters)
Differential interference contrast microscopy engineering and application (3 chapters)
Digital holographic phase microscopy (5 chapters)
Phase microscopy by optical coherence tomography, engineering and application (2 chapters)
Tomographic phase microscopy (1 chapter)
Polarization microscopy (1 chapter)
Plasmonic nanoParticles as contrast agents for phase nanoscopy, engineering and application (2 chapters)
Introduction to phase microscopy and nanoscopy for biomedical applications (1 chapter)
Phase contrast microscopy, engineering and application (2 chapters)
Differential interference contrast microscopy engineering and application (3 chapters)
7.

電子ブック

EB
Yehuda B. Band, Yshai Avishai
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Elsevier, Inc., 2013
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Introduction to Nanotechnology and Information-Technology / 1:
The Formalism of Quantum Mechanics / 2:
Angular Momentum and Spin / 3:
Quantum Information / 6:
Quantum Dynamics and Correlations / 7:
Approximation Methods 371 / 8:
Identical Particles / 9:
Electronic Properties of Solids / 10:
Electronic Structure of Multi-Electron Systems / 11:
Molecules / 12:
Scattering Theory / 13:
Many-Body Theory / 14:
Density Functional Theory / 15:
Quantum Dots and Other Low-Dimensional Systems / 16:
Decoherence and Dissipation / 17:
Linear Algebra / A:
Probability Theory / B:
Some Simple Ordinary Differential Equations / C:
Vector Analysis / D:
Fourier Analysis / E:
Symmetry and Group Theory / F:
Introduction to Nanotechnology and Information-Technology / 1:
The Formalism of Quantum Mechanics / 2:
Angular Momentum and Spin / 3:
8.

電子ブック

EB
M. V. Cook
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013
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Preface
Introduction / Chapter 1:
Systems of axes and notation / Chapter 2:
Static equilibrium and trim / Chapter 3:
The equations of motion / Chapter 4:
The solution of the equations of motion / Chapter 5:
Longitudinal dynamics / Chapter 6:
Lateral-directional dynamics / Chapter 7:
Manoeuvrability / Chapter 8:
Stability / Chapter 9:
Flying and handling qualities / Chapter 10:
Stability augmentation / Chapter 11:
Aerodynamic modelling / Chapter 12:
Aerodynamic stability and control derivatives / Chapter 13:
Coursework studies / Chapter 14:
Flight in a non-steady atmosphere / Chapter 15:
Appendices
Index
Preface
Introduction / Chapter 1:
Systems of axes and notation / Chapter 2:
9.

電子ブック

EB
Gary G. Tibbetts
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Burlington : Elsevier, 2013
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Introduction / 1:
Elements of scientific thinking / 2:
Christopher Columbus discovers the "Indies" / 3:
Antoine Lavoisier and Joseph Priestley both tested the befuddling phlogiston theory / 4:
Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction but failed to unify electromagnetism and gravitation / 5:
Wilhelm Röntgen intended to study cathode rays but ended up discovering x-rays / 6:
Max Plank, the first superhero of quantum theory, saved the universe from the ultraviolet catastrophe / 7:
Albert Einstein attacked the problem "Are atoms real?" from several angles / 8:
Nils Bohr modeled the hydrogen atom as a quantized system with compelling exactness / 9:
Conclusions, status of science, and lessons for our time / 10:
Introduction / 1:
Elements of scientific thinking / 2:
Christopher Columbus discovers the "Indies" / 3:
10.

電子ブック

EB
Jerry M. Fischer
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , William Andrew Publishing, 2013
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Introduction to Plastics Processing
Shrinkage and Warpage / 2:
Causes of Molded-Part Variation: Part Design / 3:
Causes of Molded-Part Variation: Material / 4:
Causes of Molded-Part Variation: Mold Design / 5:
Causes of Molded-Part Variation: Processing / 6:
Factors Affecting Post-Mold Shrinkage and Warpage / 7:
Controlling Mold and Post-Mold Shrinkage and Warpage / 8:
Computer-Aided Analysis / 9:
Case Studies / 10:
Data / 11:
Conversion Factors and Equivalents / Appendix A:
Abbreviations, Acronyms and Material Names / Appendix B:
Glossary
Introduction to Plastics Processing
Shrinkage and Warpage / 2:
Causes of Molded-Part Variation: Part Design / 3:
11.

電子ブック

EB
Sina Ebnesajjad
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , William Andrew Publishing, 2013
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Introduction to Use of Plastics in Food Packaging / 1:
Polypropylene Films / 2:
PE based multilayer film structures / 3:
Multilayer oriented films / 4:
Development of Barrier Film for Food Packaging / 5:
Applications of Polypropylene Films / 6:
New technologies in food packaging: Overview / 7:
Introduction to active food packaging technologies / 8:
Introduction to modified atmosphere packaging / 9:
Modified atmosphere packaging of ready-to-eat foods / 10:
Preservative packaging for fresh meats, poultry, and fin fish / 11:
Oxygen-scavenging packaging / 12:
Antimicrobial packaging systems / 13:
Damage Reduction to Food Products during Transportation and Handling / 14:
Food Packaging Machinery / 15:
Compostable Polymer Properties and Packaging Applications / 16:
Waste Management in Food Packaging Industries / 17:
A Survey of Regulatory Aspects of Food Packaging / 18:
Introduction to Use of Plastics in Food Packaging / 1:
Polypropylene Films / 2:
PE based multilayer film structures / 3:
12.

電子ブック

EB
Allan S. Hoffman, Jack E. Lemons, Buddy D. Ratner, Frederick J. Schoen, Society for Biomaterials.
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Academic Press, 2013
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Preface
How to Use This Text
Introduction
Materials Science and Engineering / Part 1:
Properties of Materials / Section 1.1:
Classes of Materials Used in Medicine / Section 1.2:
Biology and Medicine / Part 2:
Some Background Concepts / Section 2.1:
Host Reactions to Biomaterials and Their Evaluation / Section 2.2:
Biological Testing of Biomaterials / Section 2.3:
Degradation of Materials in the Biological Environment / Section 2.4:
Applications of Biomaterials / Section 2.5:
Applications of Biomaterials in Functional Tissue Engineering / Section 2.6:
Practical Aspects of Biomaterials / Part 3:
Implants, Devices, and Biomaterials: Special Considerations / Section 3.1:
Voluntary Standards, Regulatory Compliance and Non-Technical Issues / Section 3.2:
Perspectives and Possibilities in Biomaterials Science / Part 4:
Appendices
Index
Preface
How to Use This Text
Introduction
13.

電子ブック

EB
W. L. F. Armarego, Christina Li Lin Chai
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013
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Aliphatic Compounds Alicyclic Compounds Aromatic Compounds Heterocyclic Compounds Miscellaneous Compounds of As, B, P, Si, Se and Te 10
Inorganic Compounds Metal-Organic Compounds Catalysts Amino acids & Peptides Proteins, Enzymes, DNA and RNA Carbohydrates Carotenoids Steroids Miscellaneous Compounds Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology
Aliphatic Compounds Alicyclic Compounds Aromatic Compounds Heterocyclic Compounds Miscellaneous Compounds of As, B, P, Si, Se and Te 10
Inorganic Compounds Metal-Organic Compounds Catalysts Amino acids & Peptides Proteins, Enzymes, DNA and RNA Carbohydrates Carotenoids Steroids Miscellaneous Compounds Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology
14.

電子ブック

EB
Alfred Rudin, Phillip Choi
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Academic Press, 2013
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15.

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EB
Jiri George Drobny, Plastics Design Library.
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , William Andrew Publishing, 2012
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Preface
Abbreviations
Introduction / 1:
Radiation Types and Sources / 1.1:
Ionizing Radiations / 1.2:
Gamma Rays / 1.2.1:
X-Rays / 1.2.2:
EB Radiation / 1.2.3:
Ion Beam Radiation / 1.3:
Laser Beam Radiation / 1.4:
References
Recommended Further Reading
Fundamentals of Radiation Chemistry and Physics / 2:
Interaction of High-Energy Electrons with Organic Matter / 2.1:
Interaction of Ionic Radiation with Polymeric Materials / 2.2.1:
Equipment Used for Radiation Processing of Polymers / 3:
γ-Ray Irradiation Equipment / 3.1:
EB Irradiation Equipment / 3.2:
Design and Operation of Industrial EB Reactors / 3.2.1:
Commercial EB Reactors-Their Performance and Use / 3.2.2:
Laboratory EB Units / 3.2.3:
X-Ray Processing Equipment / 3.3:
Current Developments in EB Processing Equipment and Technology / 3.4:
Electron Beam Processes / 4:
Methods to Enhance EB Radiation Cross-linking by Prorads / 4.1:
Indirect Cross-link Promoters / 4.2.1:
Direct Cross-link Promoters / 4.2.2:
Retarders of Radiation Cross-linking / 4.3:
Electron Beam Processing of Commercial Polymers, Monomers, and Oligomers / 5:
Processing of Thermoplastics / 5.1:
Processing of Polyolefins / 5.1.1:
Polystyrene / 5.1.2:
Polyvinyl Chloride and Polyvinylidene Chloride / 5.1.3:
Polymethacrylates and Polyacrylates / 5.1.4:
Fluoroplastics / 5.1.5:
Engineering Plastics / 5.1.6:
EB Processing of Elastomers / 5.2:
Physical Properties of Radiation Cross-linked Elastomers / 5.2.1:
Effects of Radiation on Individual Elastomers / 5.2.2:
EB Processing of Liquid Systems / 5.3:
Grafting and Other Polymer Modifications / 5.4:
Grafting / 5.4.1:
Other Polymer Modifications / 5.4.2:
Industrial Applications of Ionizing Radiation / 6:
EB Process in Wire and Cable Technology / 6.1:
Equipment and Processes in Cable Manufacture / 6.1.1:
Radiation Equipment and Process in W&C Manufacture / 6.1.2:
Materials / 6.1.3:
Recent Developments and Trends / 6.1.4:
EB Process in Tire Technology / 6.2:
EB Process in the Manufacture of Polyolefin Foams / 6.3:
Foam Expansion and its Control / 6.3.1:
Manufacturing Processes / 6.3.2:
Comparison of Chemical and Radiation Processes / 6.3.3:
Applications of Polyolefin Foams / 6.3.4:
EB Process in the Production of Heat-Shrinkable Materials / 6.4:
Heat-Shrinkable Tubing / 6.4.1:
Heat-Shrinkable Sheets and Films / 6.4.2:
Cross-linked PE Pipes / 6.5:
Irradiation of PE Pipes / 6.5.1:
EB Process in Coatings, Adhesives, Paints, and Printing Inks / 6.6:
Magnetic Media / 6.6.1:
Coatings / 6.6.2:
Printing and Graphic Arts / 6.6.3:
Adhesives / 6.6.4:
Production of Fluoroadditives / 6.7:
Radiation Curing of Polymeric Composites / 6.8:
Advanced Fiber-Reinforced Composites / 6.8.1:
Other Composite Materials / 6.8.2:
Hydrogels / 6.9:
Sterilization of Medical Devices / 6.10:
Other Applications for Ionizing Radiation / 6.11:
Battery Separators / 6.11.1:
Filter Membranes / 6.11.2:
Artificial Joints / 6.11.3:
Radiation-Resistant Polymers and Their Applications / 7:
Degradation and Stability / 7.1:
Radiation-Induced Degradation in the Absence of Oxygen / 7.1.1:
Radiation Degradation in Air / 7.1.2:
Radiation Resistance of Specific Polymers / 7.1.3:
Applications of Radiation-Resistant Polymers / 7.2:
Aerospace Applications / 7.2.1:
Radiation Sterilization / 7.2.2:
Nuclear Industry Applications / 7.2.3:
Dosimetry and Real-Time Process Monitoring / 8:
Dosimetry / 8.1:
Real-Time Monitors / 8.2:
Safety and Hygiene / 9:
EB Equipment Health and Safety / 9.1:
Personal Radiation Monitoring / 9.1.1:
Radiation Monitoring Systems / 9.1.2:
γ-Ray Health and Safety / 9.2:
Chemical Hazards / 9.3:
Current State of Technology and Trends / 10:
Current New Developments and Trends in Equipment and Chemistry / 10.1:
New Developments and Trends in Equipment / 10.1.1:
Ultralow-Energy EB Systems / 10.1.2:
Low-Profile Systems / 10.1.3:
Integrated Shield Roll / 10.1.4:
EB Systems Based on Sealed Tube Emitters / 10.1.5:
4 in 1 Flexible Packaging Line / 10.1.6:
New Developments and Trends in Chemistry / 10.1.7:
New Developments and Trends in Process Technology / 10.2:
Other New Developments and Trends / 10.3:
Cellulose Degradation for Ethanol/Biofuel Production / 10.3.1:
Cellulose Degradation for Paper and Viscose Production / 10.3.2:
Recycling of Municipal Waste by Irradiation / 10.3.3:
Major EB Equipment Manufacturers / Appendix I:
Standards and Specifications Applicable to Ionizing Radiation / Appendix II:
Units of Exposure, Absorbed Dose, and Conversions / Appendix III:
Equations Used / Appendix IV:
The 12 Principles of Green Chemistry / Appendix V:
Bibliography
Glossary
Index
Preface
Abbreviations
Introduction / 1:
16.

電子ブック

EB
William B. Ribbens
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Butterworth-Heinemann, 2012
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17.

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EB
Lee Tin Sin, W. A. W. A. Rahman, Wan A. W. A. Rahman, Wan Aizan Wan Abdul Rahman, A. R. Rahmat, Abdul R. Rahmat, Abdul Razak Rahmat, Plastics Design Library
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Norwich : William Andrew Publishing, 2012
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Initial Glance over Polylactic acid / Chapter 1:
Synthesis and Production of Polylactic Acid / Chapter 2:
Thermal Properties of Polylactic acid / Chapter 3:
Chemical Properties of Polylactic acid / Chapter 4:
Mechanical Properties of Polylactic Acid / Chapter 5:
Rheology Properties of Polylactic Acid / Chapter 6:
Degradation and Stability of Polylactic Acid / Chapter 7:
Applications of Polylactic Acid / Chapter 8:
Initial Glance over Polylactic acid / Chapter 1:
Synthesis and Production of Polylactic Acid / Chapter 2:
Thermal Properties of Polylactic acid / Chapter 3:
18.

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EB
Viktor V. Babenko, Ho-hwan Chun, Inwon Lee
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Burlington : Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013
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Preface
List of Symbols
Interaction of the Free Stream with an Elastic Surface / Chapter 1:
Types of Elastic Surfaces and Research of their Mechanical Characteristics / Chapter 2:
Turbulent Boundary Layer over Elastic Plate / Chapter 3:
Fluctuations of an Elastic Surface in Turbulent Boundary Layer / Chapter 4:
Experimental Investigation of Friction Drag / Chapter 5:
Hydrobionic meaning of the anatomy of fast swimming hydrobionts / Chapter 6:
Mathematical modeling of turbulent boundary layer with injection of polymer additives / Chapter 7:
References
Preface
List of Symbols
Interaction of the Free Stream with an Elastic Surface / Chapter 1:
19.

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Robert R. Crichton
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Elsevier, 2012
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The role of metals in biology - an overview
Basic coordination chemistry for biologists
Structural and molecular biology for chemists
Biological ligands for metal ions
An overview of intermediary metabolism and bioenergetics
Methods which can be used to study metals in biology
Metal assimilation pathways
Transport, storage and homeostasis of metal ions
Sodium and potassium
Calcium
Magnesium
Zinc
Iron
Copper
Nickel and cobalt
Manganese
Molybdenum, vanadium, tungsten and chromium
Metals in brain function
Biomineralisation
Metals in medicine and the environment
Concluding remarks
The role of metals in biology - an overview
Basic coordination chemistry for biologists
Structural and molecular biology for chemists
20.

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Catherine Charcosset
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Elsevier, 2012
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Preface
Principles on membrane and membrane processes / 1:
Membrane materials / 1.1:
Membrane devices / 1.2:
Membrane characterization / 1.3:
Fouling / 1.4:
Cleaning / 1.5:
Ultrafiltration / 2:
Principles / 2.1:
Membranes / 2.2:
Fouling control / 2.3:
Configurations / 2.4:
Applications / 2.5:
Theory / 2.6:
Microfiltration / 3:
Virus filtration / 3.1:
Membranes and configurations / 4.1:
Purification of viral vectors and vaccines / 4.3:
Theory of virus clearance / 4.6:
Membrane chromatography / 5:
Membrane support / 5.1:
Membrane activation / 5.3:
Interaction mode / 5.4:
Monolith chromatography / 5.5:
Membranes for the preparation of emulsions and particles / 5.7:
Configurations and membranes / 6.1:
Other membrane processes / 6.3:
Liquid membranes / 7.1:
Membrane bioreactors / 7.2:
Some perspectives / 8:
Solvent-resistant nanofiltration / 8.1:
Membrane crystallization / 8.2:
Index
Preface
Principles on membrane and membrane processes / 1:
Membrane materials / 1.1:
21.

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Art Kay
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Newnes, 2012
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Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction and Review of Statistics / Chapter 1:
Time Domain View of Noise / 1.1:
Statistical View of Noise / 1.2:
Frequency Domain View of Noise / 1.3:
Converting Spectral Density to RMS Noise / 1.4:
Chapter Summary
Questions
Further Reading
Introduction to Op-Amp Noise / Chapter 2:
Op-Amp Noise Analysis Technique / 2.1:
Introducing the Op-Amp Noise Model / 2.2:
Noise Bandwidth / 2.3:
Broadband RMS Noise Calculation / 2.4:
1/f RMS Noise Calculation / 2.5:
Combining Flicker and Broadband Noise / 2.6:
Noise Model for Example Circuit / 2.7:
Noise Gain / 2.8:
Converting Current Noise to Voltage Noise / 2.9:
Including the Effect of Thermal Noise / 2.10:
Combining All the Noise Sources and Computing Peak-to-Peak Output Noise / 2.11:
Derivation of Key Noise Formulas / 2.12:
Op-Amp Noise Example Calculations / Chapter 3:
Example Calculation #1: OPA627 Noninverting Amplifier / 3.1:
Compute the Noise Bandwidth / 3.2:
Get Key Noise Specifications from the Data Sheet / 3.3:
Compute Total Op-Amp Voltage Noise Contribution / 3.4:
Compute Total Thermal Noise Contribution / 3.5:
Combine All the Noise Sources and Compute Peak-to-Peak Output / 3.6:
Example Calculation #2: Two-Stage Amplifier / 3.7:
Introduction to Spice Noise Analysis / Chapter 4:
Running a Noise Analysis in TINA Spice / 4.1:
Test the Op-Amp Model Noise Accuracy / 4.2:
Build Your Own Noise Model / 4.3:
Use TINA to Analyze the Circuit Given in Chapter 3 / 4.4:
Feedback Capacitor Simulation Example / 4.5:
Introduction to Noise Measurement / Chapter 5:
Equipment for Measuring Noise: True RMS DMM / 5.1:
Equipment for Measuring Noise: Oscilloscope / 5.2:
Equipment for Measuring Noise: Spectrum Analyzer / 5.3:
Shielding / 5.4:
Verify the Noise Floor / 5.5:
Account for the Noise Floor / 5.6:
Measure Example Circuit #1 Using a True RMS Meter / 5.7:
Measure Example Circuit #1 Using an Oscilloscope / 5.8:
Measure Example Circuit #1 Using a Spectrum Analyzer / 5.9:
Measure Low Frequency Noise for the OPA227 / 5.10:
Offset Temperature Drift vs. 1/f Noise in Low-Frequency Noise Measurement / 5.11:
Noise Inside the Amplifier / Chapter 6:
Five Rules of Thumb for Worst-Case Noise Analysis and Design / 6.1:
Detailed Mathematics for Bipolar Noise / 6.2:
Detailed Mathematics for FET Noise / 6.3:
Simplified Physical Connection Inside Amplifier / 6.4:
Popcorn Noise / Chapter 7:
Review of 1/f and Broadband Noise / 7.1:
What Is Popcorn Noise / 7.2:
What Causes Popcorn Noise? / 7.3:
How Common Is the Problem? / 7.4:
Popcorn Noise-Current or Voltage Noise? / 7.5:
Bench and Production Test for Voltage Popcorn Noise / 7.6:
Bench and Production Test for Current Popcorn Noise / 7.7:
Analyzing the Popcorn Noise Data / 7.8:
Setting Limits to a Popcorn Noise Test / 7.9:
When Is Popcorn Noise a Concern? / 7.10:
1/f Noise and Zero-Drift Amplifiers / Chapter 8:
Zero-Drift Amplifiers / 8.1:
Zero-Drift Amplifier Spectral Density Curve / 8.2:
Low-Frequency Noise / 8.3:
Measuring Low-Frequency Noise / 8.4:
Instrumentation Amplifier Noise / Chapter 9:
Short Review of Three Amp Instrumentation Amplifier / 9.1:
Noise Model of Three Amp Instrumentation Amplifier / 9.2:
Hand Analysis of Three Amp Instrumentation Amplifier / 9.3:
Simulation of Three Amp Instrumentation Amplifier / 9.4:
Reducing Noise with Averaging Circuit / 9.5:
Photodiode Amplifier Noise / Chapter 10:
Introduction to Photodiodes / 10.1:
The Simple Transimpedance Amplifier / 10.2:
Photodiode Current Noise / 10.3:
Thermal Noise from Rf / 10.4:
Noise from Op-amp Voltage Noise Source / 10.5:
Total Noise (Op-amp, Diode, and Resistance) / 10.6:
Stability of Transimpedance Amplifier / 10.7:
Photodiode Noise Amplifier Example Results / Chapter 11:
Photodiode Example Specifications / 11.1:
Photodiode Current Noise Calculations / 11.2:
Op-amp Specifications / 11.3:
Op-amp Voltage Noise Calculations / 11.4:
Thermal (Resistor) Noise Calculations / 11.5:
Op-amp Current Noise Calculations / 11.6:
Total Noise for Example Transimpedance Amplifier / 11.7:
Spice Analysis of Example Circuit / 11.8:
Measuring the Noise for the Example Transimpedance Amplifier / 11.9:
Glossary
Answers to Questions
Index
Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction and Review of Statistics / Chapter 1:
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Alfred Hassner, Irishi Namboothiri
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Elsevier, 2012
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Rearrangement / Acyloin
(Ene) Reaction / Alder
Aromatic Tritylation / Baeyer-Villiger
Ketone Oxidation
Arylpyridine synthesis / Chichibabin
N-Heterocycle Amination
Indolizine Synthesis
DIELS - ALDER Cyclohexene Synthesis
ALDER Reaction Asymmetric / Diels
Methylenation Reagent / Eschenmoser
Alkylation Acylation / Friedel-Crafts
Carbonylation / Gattermann-Koch
Reagents / Grignard
Bromination / Hell-Volhardtzelinski
Grignard Reagent / Ivanov
Asymmetric Epoxidation / Jacobsen
Allylation / Keck
Ce Reducing Agent / Luche
Aminomethylation / Mannich
Addition / Michael
C-C Cross Coupling / Negishi
Oxidation / Oppenauer
Cyclopentenone / PAUSON-KHAND
Annulation / Robinson
Chromone / ROBINSON-ALLAN-KOSTANECKI
Quinoline / Robinson-Foulds
Oxazole; ROBINSON-GABRIEL
C-C Coupling / Sharpless ; Suzuki-Miyaura
Multicomponent Condensation / Tsuji-Trost ; Ugi
Reagent / Vilsmeier
Olefin Synthesis / Wittig
Lactonization / Yamaguchi
Cyclohexadienone Synthesis / Zincke-Suhl
Rearrangement / Acyloin
(Ene) Reaction / Alder
Aromatic Tritylation / Baeyer-Villiger
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Paul P. L. Retgien
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Elsevier, 2012
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Introduction / 1:
Sensor fundamentals / 2:
Uncertainty aspects / 3:
Resistive sensors / 4:
Capacitive sensors / 5:
Inductive and magnetic sensors / 6:
Optical sensors / 7:
Piezoelectric sensors / 8:
Acoustic sensors / 9:
Symbols and Notations / Appendix A:
Relations between quantities / Appendix B:
Basic interface circuits / Appendix C:
Introduction / 1:
Sensor fundamentals / 2:
Uncertainty aspects / 3:
24.

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Gavin P. Towler, R. K. Sinnott
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Butterworth-Heinemann, 2012
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Process Design / Part I:
Introduction to Design / Chapter 1:
Process Flowsheet Development / Chapter 2:
Utilities and Energy Efficient Design / Chapter 3:
Process Simulation / Chapter 4:
Instrumentation and Process Control / Chapter 5:
Materials of Construction / Chapter 6:
Capital Cost Estimating / Chapter 7:
Estimating Revenues and Production Costs / Chapter 8:
Economic Evaluation of Projects / Chapter 9:
Safety and Loss Prevention / Chapter 10:
General Site Considerations / Chapter 11:
Optimization in Design / Chapter 12:
Plant Design / Part II:
Equipment Selection, Specification and Design / Chapter 13:
Design of Pressure Vessels / Chapter 14:
Design of Reactors and Mixers / Chapter 15:
Separation of Fluids / Chapter 16:
Separation Columns (Distillation, Absorption and Extraction) / Chapter 17:
Specification and Design of Solids-Handling Equipment / Chapter 18:
Heat Transfer Equipment / Chapter 19:
Transport and Storage of Fluids / Chapter 20:
Process Design / Part I:
Introduction to Design / Chapter 1:
Process Flowsheet Development / Chapter 2:
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Claudio C. Oliveira, Alan Townshend, Elias A. G. Zagatto, Elias Ayres Guidetti Zagatto
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Elsevier, 2012
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Preface
Foreword
Introduction / 1:
General / 1.1:
The Advent of Flow Analysis / 1.2:
The Development of Flow Analysis / 1.3:
Main Features of Flow Analysis / 1.4:
Aims and Scope of the Monograph / 1.5:
References
Important Monographs Related to Flow Analysis / Appendix 1.1:
Journal Special Issues Dedicated to Conferences on Flow Analysis / Appendix 1.2:
Historical View / 2:
Early Developments / 2.1:
Segmented Flow Analysis / 2.2:
Flow Injection Analysis / 2.3:
Sequential Injection Analysis / 2.4:
Multi-commuted Flow Analysis / 2.5:
Other Flow Systems / 2.6:
Commutation in Flow Analysis / 2.7:
Flow Pattern / 2.8:
Instrument Characteristics / 2.9:
Trends / 2.10:
Fundamentals / 3:
The Flowing Sample / 3.1:
System Configurations / 3.2:
The Detector Response / 3.3:
Interaction of Radiation with the Flowing Sample / 4:
The Schlieren Effect / 4.1:
Presence of Immiscible Phases / 4.3:
Flow Analysers / 5:
The Segmented Flow Analyser / 5.1:
The Flow Injection Analyser / 5.2:
The Sequential Injection Analyser / 5.3:
The Multi-Commuted Flow Analyser / 5.4:
Other Flow Analysers / 5.5:
Describing a Flow Analyser / 5.6:
Instrumentation / 6:
Fluid Propulsion / 6.1:
Sample Handling / 6.2:
Detection and Data Processing / 6.3:
Miniaturisation of the Flow System / 6.4:
Special Strategies for Flow Manipulation / 7:
Merging Zones / 7.1:
Zone Sampling / 7.2:
Stream Splitting / 7.3:
Zone Splitting / 7.4:
Sample Incubation / 7.5:
Multi-detection / 7.6:
Final Remarks / 7.7:
Sampling / 8:
Sample Dilution / 8.2:
Reagent Additions / 8.3:
Sample Treatment / 8.4:
Analyte Separation/Concentration / 8.5:
Measurement Strategies / 8.6:
Expert Flow Systems / 8.7:
Flow Methods as Teaching Tools / 8.8:
Future Trends / 9:
Index
Preface
Foreword
Introduction / 1:
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Jeffrey H. Simpson
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Burlington : Academic Press, 2012
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Background and Methods / Part I:
Introduction / Chapter 1:
Instrumental Considerations / Chapter 2:
Data Collection, Processing, and Plotting / Chapter 3:
1H and 13C Chemical Shifts / Chapter 4:
Symmetry and Topicity / Chapter 5:
Through-Bond Effects: Spin-Spin (J) Coupling / Chapter 6:
Through-Space Effects: the Nuclear Overhauser Effect (NOE) / Chapter 7:
Molecular Dynamics / Chapter 8:
Strategies for Assigning Molecules / Chapter 9:
Strategies for Elucidating Unknown Molecular Structures / Chapter 10:
Problems / Part II:
Simple Assignment Problems / Chapter 11:
Complex Assignment Problems / Chapter 12:
Simple Unknown Problems / Chapter 13:
Complex Unknown Problems / Chapter 14:
NMR Resonance Assignment Problems / Chapter 15:
NMR Unknown Problems / Chapter 16:
Background and Methods / Part I:
Introduction / Chapter 1:
Instrumental Considerations / Chapter 2:
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Michael Smith
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Academic Press, 2010
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Retrosynthesis, Stereochemistry, and Conformations
Acids, Bases and Functional Group Exchange Reactions
Oxidation
Reduction
Hydroboration
Stereocontrol and Ring Formation
Protecting Groups
Cd Disconnect Products: Nucleophilic Species That Form Carbon-Carbon Bonds
Cd Disconnect Products: Nucleophilic Species That Form Carbon-Carbon Bonds: Enolate Anions
Synthetic Strategies
Pericyclic Carbon-Carbon Bond Forming Reactions: Multiple Bond Disconnections
Ca Disconnect Products: Electrophilic Carbon-Carbon Bond Forming Reactions
Carbon Radical Disconnect Products: Formation of Carbon-Carbon Bonds Via Radicals and Carbenes
Student Syntheses: The First Synthetic Problem
Disconnection Index
General Index
Instructions and code to access SPartan software
Retrosynthesis, Stereochemistry, and Conformations
Acids, Bases and Functional Group Exchange Reactions
Oxidation
28.

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Josef Kunes
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Elsevier, 2012
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Preface
Foreword
Introduction / 1:
Physics and Physical Chemistry / 2:
Physics, Mathematics and Geometry / 2.1:
Physical Chemistry / 2.2:
Fluid Mechanics / 3:
One-Phase Fluid Mechanics / 3.1:
Multiphase Fluid Mechanics / 3.2:
Rheology / 3.3:
Solid Mechanics / 4:
Linear and Non-Linear Solid Mechanics / 4.1:
Fracture Mechanics and Micromechanics / 4.2:
Aeroelasticity / 4.3:
Tribology / 4.4:
Thermomechanics / 5:
Heat Conduction / 5.1:
Free Convection / 5.2:
Forced Convection / 5.3:
Radiation / 5.4:
Boiling / 5.5:
Evaporation / 5.6:
Condensation / 5.7:
Heat and Mass Transfer / 5.8:
Non-Equilibrium Thermomechanics / 5.9:
Electromagnetism / 6:
Electricity / 6.1:
Magnetism / 6.2:
Magneto-hydrodynamics / 6.3:
Physical Technology / 7:
Micro- and Nanotechnology / 7.1:
Plasma Physics and Technology / 7.2:
Technology and Mechanical Engineering / 8:
Technology and Material / 8.1:
Mechanical Engineering / 8.2:
Geophysics and Ecology / 9:
Geophysics, Meteorology and Astrophysics / 9.1:
Ecology and Biology / 9.2:
References
Preface
Foreword
Introduction / 1:
29.

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Roman Boca
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Elsevier, 2012
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Molecular symmetry / 1:
Coupling coefficients / 2:
From operators to response functions / 3:
Free-atom energy levels / 4:
Crystal field theory / 5:
Magnetism of mononuclear spin systems / 6:
Magnetic angular momentum / 7:
Magnetism of manifold term systems / 8:
Magnetism of polynuclear spin systems / 9:
Spin algebra for the exchange interaction / 10:
Symmetry of the spin system / 11:
Magnetism of dinuclear spin systems / 12:
Magnetism of trinuclear spin systems / 13:
Magnetism of polyhedral spin systems / 14:
Magnetism of chains and rings / 15:
Molecular symmetry / 1:
Coupling coefficients / 2:
From operators to response functions / 3:
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Chi Tien
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Elsevier, 2012
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preface
Introduction / 1:
Notation
Filtration as a Liquid-Solid Separation Technology / 1.1:
Classification of Filtration Processes / 1.2.:
Laws of Filtration / 1.3:
Problem
References
Cake Filtration / Part I:
Cake Formation and Growth / 2:
Cycles / 2.1:
Analysis of Cake Filtration / 2.2:
The Conventional Cake Filtration Theory / Illustrative Example 2.1:
Expressions of Cake Filtration Performance / Illustrative Example 2.5:
Parabolic Law of Constant Pressure Filtration / 2.5:
Approximate Expressions of Cake Solidosity, Compressive Stress, and Pore Liquid Pressure Profiles / Illustrative Example 2.6:
Applications of the Conventional Cake Filtration Theory / Illustrative Example 2.7:
Prediction of Cake Filtration Performance / 2.7.1:
Detemiination of Cake Properties from Experimental Filtration Data / Illustrative Example 2.8:
Application of the Conventional Theory to Crossflow Cake Filtration / Illustrative Example 2.9:
Features of Crossflow Filtration / 2.8.1:
A simple model of crossflow filtration / 2.8.2:
Evaluation of β and Prediction of Filtration Performance / 2.8.3:
Problems / Illustrative Example 2.10:
Post-Treatment Processes of Cake Filtration / 3:
Deliquoring by Mechanical Force: Expression and Consolidation / 3.1:
Onset of Consolidation / 3.1.1:
Consolidation Calculation / Illustrative Example 3.1:
Approximation Solution of Consolidation / 3.1.3:
Empirical Equations Describing Consolidation/De-watering Performance / 3.1.4:
Illustrative Example 3.3 / Illustrative Example 3.2:
Deliquoring by Suction or Blowing / 3.2:
Washing of Filter Cakes / Illustrative Example 3.4:
Representation of Cake-Washing Results / 3.3.1:
Empirical Expression of F (or R) vs. w / 3.3.2:
Diffusion-Dispersion Model of Cake Washing / Illustrative Example 3.5:
Re-slurrying Cake / Illustrative Example 3.6:
Fabric Filtration of Gas-Solid Mixtures / 4:
Dust Cakes of Fabric Filtration vs. Cakes Formed from Liquid/Solid Suspensions / 4.1:
of Fabric Filtration / 4.2:
Dust Cake Structure and Properties / Illustrative Example 4.1:
Filter Bag Cleaning / Illustrative Example 4.2:
Cleaning by Shaking / 4.4.1:
Cleaning by Reverse Flow / 4.4.2:
Cleaning by Pulse-Jet / 4.4.3:
Fabric Filtration Design Calculations / Illustrative Example 4.3:
Simplified Calculation of Multi-Compartment Fabric Filtration / Illustrative Example 4.4:
Deep Bed Filtration / Illustrative Example 4.6:
Deep Bed Filtration: Description and Analysis / 5:
Macroscopic Conservation Equation / 5.1:
Illustrative Example 5.1
Phenomenological Expression for Filtration Rate / 5.2:
Physical Significance of the Filter Coefficient / Illustrative Example 5.2:
Representation of Filter Media with Cell Models / Illustrative Example 5.3:
Happel's Model for Granular Media / 5.4.1:
Kuwabara's Model for Fibrous Media / 5.4.2:
Flow Rate-Pressure Drop Relationships for Flow through Porous Media / Illustrative Example 5.4:
Filter Cleaning by Back Washing and Bed Expansion / Illustrative Example 5.5:
Solution of the Macroscopic Conservation Equations of Deep Bed Filtration / Illustrative Example 5.6:
Particle Deposition Mechanisms, Predictions, Determinations and Correlations of Filter Coefficient/Collector Efficiency / Illustrative Example 5.7:
Deposition Mechanisms and Prediction of Collector Efficiency based on Individual Transport Mechanism / 6.1:
Mechanism of Particle Transport / 6.1.1:
Criteria of Particle Adhesion / Illustrative Example 6.1:
Prediction of Collector Efficiency / Illustrative Example 6.4:
Experimental Determination of Filter Coefficient / 6.2:
Determination of the Initial (or clean) Filter Coefficient, λ0 / 6.2.1:
Determination of Deposition Effect on Filter Coefficient / 6.2.2:
Correlations of Filter Coefficient/Collector Efficiency of Aerosols / Illustrative Example 6.7:
Single Fiber Efficiency of Aerosols in Fibrous Media / 6.3.1:
Collector Efficiency of Aerosols in Granular Media / Illustrative Example 6.8:
Filter Coefficient Correlations of Hydrosols / Illustrative Example 6.9:
Filter Coefficient of Fibrous Media / 6.4.1:
Filter Coefficient of Granular Media / 6.4.2:
Particle-Collector Surface Interactions Effect on Hydrosol Deposition in Granular Media / Illustrative Example 6.10:
Surface Interaction Forces / 6.5.1:
Initial Filter Coefficient with Unfavorable Surface Interactions / Illustrative Example 6.12:
Deep Bed Filtration Models / Illustrative Example 6.13:
Experimental Results of Filtration Performance / 7.1:
Models Based on the Kozeny-Carman Equation / 7.2:
Uniform Deposit Layer Hypothesis / 7.2.1:
Pore-Blocking Hypothesis / Illustrative Example 7.1:
A Two-Stage Deposition Hypothesis / Illustrative Example 7.2:
Models Based on Assumption that Deposited Particles Function as Collectors / Illustrative Example 7.3:
Deposited Particles as Satellite Collectors / 7.3.1:
Deposited Particles as Additional Collectors / Illustrative Example 7.4:
Models Based on Changing Particle-Collector Surface / Illustrative Example 7.5:
A Model Based on Filter Grain Surface Charge Changes / Interactions:
Expressing Surface Interaction Effect in terms of Particle Re-Entrainment / 7.4.2:
A Model Based on Collector Surface Heterogeneity / Illustrative Example 7.6:
Modeling Filtration as a Stochastic Process / Illustrative Example 7.7:
Index
preface
Introduction / 1:
Notation
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Roger Dodge Woodson
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Burlington : Butterworth-Heinemann, 2012
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Finding and Identifying Asbestos / Chapter 1:
The Environmental Protection Agency's Role in Asbestos / Chapter 2:
Understanding Wet Neutralization of Asbestos / Chapter 3:
Dealing With Asbestos in Demolition Procedures / Chapter 4:
Regulations for Record Keeping of Waste Disposal / Chapter 5:
Workplace Safety Suggestions / Chapter 6:
Working With Asbestos in School Settings / Chapter 7:
Education and Training Options for Working with Asbestos / Chapter 8:
Appendix: Asbestos Resources
Finding and Identifying Asbestos / Chapter 1:
The Environmental Protection Agency's Role in Asbestos / Chapter 2:
Understanding Wet Neutralization of Asbestos / Chapter 3:
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Reza Sadeghbeigi
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Burlington : Butterworth-Heinemann, 2011
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Process flow description
FCC Feed Characterization
FCC Catalysts
Chemistry of FCC reactions
Unit monitoring and control
Products and economics
Project management and hardware design
Troubleshooting
Emerging trends in fluidized catalytic cracking
Appendixes: Total correlations
n-d-M correlations
API correlations
ASTM to TBP conversion
Definitions of fluidization terms
Glossary
Index
Process flow description
FCC Feed Characterization
FCC Catalysts
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Kolio Dimov Troev
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Burlington : Elsevier, 2012
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Preface
Acknowledgment
About the Author
Poly(alkylene H-phosphonate)s / 1:
Methods for Preparation
Polymerization of Cyclic H-phosphonates / 1.1:
Methods for Preparation of Cyclic H-phosphonates / 1.1.1:
Polytransesterification of Diesters of H-phosphonic Acid with Dihydroxy Aliphatic or Aromatic Compounds / 1.2:
Methods for Preparation of Diesters of H-phosphonic Acid / 1.2.1:
Properties (Physical and Chemical) of the Diesters of H-phosphonic Acid / 1.2.2:
Other Methods / 1.3:
Polycondensation of H-phosphonic bis(dialkylamides) with Diols / 1.4.1:
Homopolycondensation of Di(β-chloroethyl) H-phosphonate / 1.4.2:
Characterization of Poly(alkylene H-phosphonate)s / 2:
Determination of Molecular Weight / 2.1:
1H NMR Spectroscopy / 2.1.1:
31P {H} NMR Spectroscopy / 2.1.2:
Size-Exclusion Chromatography / 2.1.3:
Vapor Pressure Osmometry / 2.1.4:
Thermal Properties of POE-H-Ps A, B, and C / 2.2:
Reactivity of Poly(alkylene H-phosphonate)s / 2.3:
Hydrolysis of Poly(alkylene H-phosphonate)s / 2.3.1:
Oxidation (Afherton-Todd Reaction) / 2.3.2:
Nonoxidative Chlorination / 2.3.3:
Addition Reactions / 2.3.4:
Copolymers / 3:
Poly(alkyleneurethane H-phosphonate)s / 3.1:
Poly(aIkylenecarbonate H-phosphonate)s / 3.2:
Silicon-Containing Poly(alkylene H-phosphonate)s / 3.3:
Poly(ethyleneterephthalate H-phosphonate) / 3.4:
Application / 4:
Polymer-Drug Conjugates / 4.1:
Immobilization of Cysteamine / 4.1.1:
Immobilization of WR-2721 / 4.1.2:
Immobilization of Bendamustine Hydrochloride / 4.1.3:
Immobilization of 3'-Azido-2',3'-dideoxythimidine / 4.1.4:
Gene Carriers / 4.2:
Hydrogels / 4.3:
Appendix
Poly[alkylene (arylene) phosphate]s
Polymerization of Cyclic Phosphate Esters
Methods for Preparation of Cyclic Phosphate Esters
Homopolymers / 1.1.2:
Oxidation of Poly(alkylene H-phosphonate)s / 1.1.3:
Polycondensation of Aryl or Alkyl Phosphoric Dichlorides and Dihydroxy Aliphatic or Aromatic Compounds
Methods for Preparation of Aryl or Alkyl Phosphoric Dichlorides / 1.3.1:
Other Methods for Preparation of Poly[alkylene (arylene) phosphate]s
Reactivity of Poly[alkylene (arylene) phosphate]s / 1.5:
Hydrolysis / 1.5.1:
Alkylation and Dealkylation Reactions / 1.5.2:
Binding Agents, Invisible Cements
Drug Delivery Systems
Tissue Implants
Gene and siRNA Delivery
Nerve Guide Conduits / 3.5:
Poly[alkylene(arylene) alkyl or arylphosphonate]s
Ring-Opening Polymerization of Phosphorus-Containing Cyclic Esters
Polymerization of Cyclic Phosphite Esters (Arbuzov Rearrangement)
Polymerization of Cyclic Phosphonate Esters
Polycondensation Methods
Polycondensation of Alkyl(or Aryl)Phosphonic Acid Dihalides with Dihydroxy Aromatic or Aliphatic Compounds
Polycondensation of Alkyl(phenyl)Phosphonic Acid Diamides with Diols
Polytransesterification of Diesters of Alkyl or Phenyl Phosphonic Acid with Dihydroxy Aromatic or Aliphatic Compounds / 1.2.3:
Poly[alkylene(arylene) phosphitejs and Poly[alkylene(arylene) phosphonite]s
Polycondensation of Diamides of the Phosphorus and Phosphonous Acids with Dihydroxy Aliphatic or Aromatic Compounds
Reactivity of Polyphosphites and Polyphosphonites
Polytransesterification of Diesters of Phosphorus and Phosphonous Acids with Dihydroxy Aromatic or Aliphatic Compounds
Ring-Opening Polymerization of Cyclic Esters of Phosphorus and Phosphonous Acids
Preface
Acknowledgment
About the Author
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Anthony Martyr, M. A. Plint, Michael Alexander Plint
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Butterworth-Heinemann, 2012
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Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction / 1:
Test facility specification, system integration, and project organisation / 2:
Quality and H&S legislation and management, type approval, test correlation and reporting of results / 3:
The Test Cell as a Thermodynamic System / 4:
Powertrain test facility design and construction / 5:
Electrical design requirements of Test Facilities / 6:
Ventilation and air conditioning in powertrain test facilities / 7:
Test cell cooling water and exhaust gas systems / 8:
Fuel and oil storage, supply & treatment / 9:
Vibration and noise / 10:
Dynamometers: the measurement of torque, speed and power / 11:
Rigging the Engine and shaft selection / 12:
Test cell safety, control, and data acquisition / 13:
Data handling, the use of modeling and post-test processing / 14:
Measurement of fuel, combustion air, and oil consumption / 15:
The Combustion process and combustion analysis / 16:
Engine exhaust emissions / 17:
Chassis or rolling road dynamometers Anechoic test cells; NVH & EMC testing / 18:
The pursuit and definition of accuracy / 19:
Tribology, Fuel and Lubrication testing / 20:
Appendix / 21:
Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction / 1:
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Gerald Jonker, Jan Harmsen
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Elsevier, 2012
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Preface
About the Authors
Introduction / 1:
Role of Engineers
Exploring Sustainability
Overview of Making a Sustainable Design
Setting up a Design Assignment / 2:
Challenges for a Sustainable Design
Design Process as Team work
Setting Goal and Scope
Sustainability Constraints
Structuring the Sustainability Context / 3:
Background of Context Levels
Context Level Planet
Context Level Society
Context Level Business
Context Level Engineers
Creating Design Solutions / 4:
Design Synthesis
Preliminary Solutions Assessment
Quick Scan Life Cycle Assessment
Evaluation of the Design
Acquiring Sustainable Design Competences / 5:
Teaching Sustainable Development
Sustainability Complexity Transferred into Design Competences
Hints on Acquiring Key Competences
References
Index
Preface
About the Authors
Introduction / 1:
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Masuo Hosokawa, Makio Naito, Kiyoshi Nogi, Toyokazu Yokoyama
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Elsevier, 2012
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Foreword
Preface
Fundamentals
Basic properties and measuring methods of nanoParticles / Chapter 1:
Structural control of nanoParticles / Chapter 2:
Characteristics and behavior of nanoParticles and its dispersion systems / Chapter 3:
Control of nanostructure of materials / Chapter 4:
Characterization methods for nanostructure of materials / Chapter 5:
Evaluation methods for properties of nanostructured body / Chapter 6:
Environmental and safety issues with nanoParticles / Chapter 7:
Applications
Dispersion of fine silica Particles using alkoxysilane and industrialization
Generation of metal nanoParticles using reactive plasma arc evaporation
Sensing based on localized surface plasmon resonance in metallic nanoParticles
Microelectronics packaging by metal nanoParticle pastes
A dye-sensitized solar cell utilizing metal nanoParticle
Design of nanoParticles for oral delivery of peptide drugs
Formation of thick electronic ceramic films with bonding technique of crystalline fine Particles and their applications
Development and multi-functionalization of high-functional separation membranes / Chapter 8:
Development of polymer-clay nanocomposites by dispersion of Particles into polymer materials / Chapter 9:
Development of novel ferroelectric materials / Chapter 10:
Development of new phosphors / Chapter 11:
Zeolite membrane / Chapter 12:
Enhancement of the performance of insulating materials / Chapter 13:
Barium titanate nanoParticles synthesized under sub and supercritical water conditions / Chapter 14:
Ceramic filter for trapping diesel Particles / Chapter 15:
Nano Particle formation of DNA (globule transformation) / Chapter 16:
Addressing of nano-Particles by using DNA molecules / Chapter 17:
Development of high performance electrochemical reactors / Chapter 18:
Dendrimers and their application to organic electronics devices / Chapter 19:
Electrical conductive CNT dispersed Si3N4 ceramics / Chapter 20:
Development of functional skincare cosmetics using biodegradable PLGA nanospheres / Chapter 21:
Development of photonic crystals based on nanoParticle assembly / Chapter 22:
Liquid-crystalline inorganic nano and fine Particles / Chapter 23:
Closely packed colloidal crystal assembled with nanoParticles and its application for smart materials with tunable structural color / Chapter 24:
Development of new cosmetics based on nanoParticles / Chapter 25:
Dispersion control of Al2O3 nano-Particles in ethanol / Chapter 26:
Development of thermoresponsive magnetic nanoParticle and its deployment in the biotechnology field / Chapter 27:
Development of fuel cells / Chapter 28:
Delivery to the brain / Chapter 29:
Nozzle-free ink jet technology / Chapter 30:
Development of exhaust catalyst / Chapter 31:
Development of optical memory using semiconductor nanoParticles / Chapter 32:
Development of bright phosphors using glasses incorporating semiconductor nanoParticles / Chapter 33:
Development of photocatalyst inserted into surface of porous aluminosilicate / Chapter 34:
AC overhead transmission line audible-noise reduction measures using surface improvement / Chapter 35:
Development of a high-performance secondary battery by controlling the surface structure / Chapter 36:
Pinpoint drug and delivery / Chapter 37:
Expression of optical function by nanostructure using femtosecond laser processing / Chapter 38:
Instantaneous nanofoaming method for fabrication of closed-porosity silica Particle / Chapter 39:
Evaluation and applications of dispersing carbon nanotube CNT in the polymers / Chapter 40:
Surface modification of inorganic nanoParticles by organic functional groups / Chapter 41:
Fabrication technique of organic nanocrystals and their optical properties and materialization / Chapter 42:
Bio-imaging with quantum dots / Chapter 43:
Application of quantum dots for the bio-medical engineering / Chapter 44:
NanoParticles synthesis, dispersion, and functionalization for industrial application / Chapter 45:
Synthesis of nanoParticles by RF induction thermal plasma / Chapter 46:
Self-assembly of oxide nanosheets: precise structural control and its applications / Chapter 47:
Development of ceramic-bonded carbon / Chapter 48:
Development of dispersion and composing processes of nanoParticles and their application to advanced firefighter uniform / Chapter 49:
Creation of boron nitride nanotubes and possibility for a series of advanced nano-composite materials / Chapter 50:
PLGA nanoParticle design and preparation for DDS & medical device / Chapter 51:
Development of photonic crystal resonators for terahertz wave sensing by using nanopaticles stereolithography / Chapter 52:
Practical issue of nano-sized colorant Particles / Chapter 53:
Material design of electronic liquid powderTM used in novel-type bistable reflective display (QR-LPDTM) / Chapter 54:
Three-dimensional structural analysis of nanocomposite materials containing nanoParticulates / Chapter 55:
Powder technology and nanotechnology contributed for clean utilization of coal / Chapter 56:
Novel recycling of FRP using nanoParticle bonding / Chapter 57:
Nanotechnology challenge by mechanochemistry / Chapter 58:
Superior thermal insulation film with transparency achieved by hollow silica nanoParticles / Chapter 59:
Development of nanoParticle composite technique for low Pt-loading PEFCs / Chapter 60:
Foreword
Preface
Fundamentals
37.

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Tasneem Abbasi, S A Abbasi, Shahid A. Abbasi
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Elsevier, 2012
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Foreword
Water Quality Indices Based Predominantly on Physico-Chemical Characteristics / I:
Why Water-Quality Indices / 1:
Introduction / 1.1:
Water-Quality Indices (WQIs) / 1.2:
Back to Water-Quality Indices (WQIs) / 1.3:
The First Modern WQI: Horton's Index / 1.4:
More on the Benefits of WQI / 1.5:
WQIs Based on Bioassessment / 1.6:
References
Approaches to WQI Formulation / 2:
The Common Steps / 2.1:
Parameter Selection / 2.3:
Transformation of the Parameters of Different Units and Dimensions to a Common Scale: Making Subindices / 2.4:
Assignment of Weightages / 2.5:
Aggregation of Subindices to Produce a Final Index / 2.6:
Characteristics of Aggregation Models / 2.7:
'Conventional' Indices for Determining Fitness of Waters for Different Uses / 3:
General / 3.1:
Brown's or the National Sanitation Foundation's Water-Quality Index (NSF-WQI) / 3.2:
Nemerow and Sumitomo's Pollution Index / 3.3:
Prati's Implicit Index of Pollution / 3.4:
Deininger and Landwehr's PWS Index / 3.5:
Mcduffie and Haney's River Pollution Index (RPI) / 3.6:
Dinius' Water-Quality Index (1972) / 3.7:
O'Connor's Indices / 3.8:
Walski and Parker's Index / 3.9:
Stoner's Index / 3.10:
Bhargava's Index (1983, 1985) / 3.11:
Dinius' Second Index / 3.12:
Viet and Bhargava's Index (1989) / 3.13:
The River Ganga Index of Ved Prakash et al. / 3.14:
Smith's Index (1990) / 3.15:
Chesapeake Bay Water-Quality Indices (Haire et al. 1991) / 3.16:
The Aquatic Toxicity Index / 3.17:
Li's Regional Water Resource Quality Assessment Index (1993) / 3.18:
A Two-Tier WQI / 3.19:
Use of WQI To Assess Pond Water Quality (Sinha, 1995) / 3.20:
Use of WQI to Study Hanuman Lake, Jabalpur (Dhamija and Jain 1995) / 3.21:
Coastal Water-Quality Index for Taiwan (Shyue et al. 1996) / 3.22:
The Modified Oregon Water-Quality Index (Cude, 2001) / 3.23:
The 'Overall Index of Pollution' / 3.24:
The Canadian Water-Quality Index (CCME, 2001) and the Index of Said et al. (2004) / 3.25:
A 'Universal' Water-Quality Index / 3.26:
Improved Methods of Aggregation / 3.27:
A First-Ever WQI For Vietnam / 3.28:
A Comparison / 3.29:
Reference's
Combating Uncertainties in Index-based Assessment of Water Quality: The Use of More Advanced Statistics, Probability Theory and Artificial Intelligence / 4:
Indices Based on Relatively Advanced Statistical Analysis of Water-Quality Data / 5:
Harkin's Index / 5.1:
Beta Function Index / 5.3:
An Index with a Multi-pronged ('Mixed') Aggregation Function / 5.4:
WQI for Mediterranean Costal Water of Egypt Based on Principal-Component Analysis / 5.5:
WQI for Rio Lerma River / 5.6:
A New WQI Based on A Combination of Multivariate Techniques / 5.7:
Indices for Liao River Study / 5.8:
Water-Quality Index Based on Multivariate Factor Analysis (Coletti et al., 2010) / 5.9:
Study of Anthropogenic Impacts on Kandla Creek, India / 5.10:
Water-Quality Indices Based on Fuzzy Logic and Other Methods of Artificial Intelligence / 6:
Fuzzy Inference / 6.1:
A Primer on Fuzzy Arithmetic / 6.3:
Towards Application of Fuzzy Rules in Developing Water-Quality Indices: The Work of Kung et al. (1992) / 6.4:
Assessment of Water Quality Using Fuzzy Synthetic Evaluation and Other Approaches Towards Development of Fuzzy Water-Quality Indices / 6.5:
Reach of Fuzzy Indices in Environmental Decision-Making / 6.6:
A WQI Based on Genetic Algorithm / 6.7:
The Fuzzy Water-Quality Index of Ocampo-Duque et al. (2006) / 6.8:
ICAGA'S Fuzzy WQI / 6.9:
Use of Ordered Weighted Averaging (OWA) Operators for Aggregation / 6.10:
Fuzzy Water-Quality Indices for Brazilian Rivers (Lermontov et al., 2008, 2009; Roveda et al., 2010) / 6.11:
A Hybrid Fuzzy - Probability WQI / 6.12:
An Entropy-Based Fuzzy WQI / 6.13:
A Fuzzy River Pollution Decision Support System / 6.14:
A Fuzzy Industrial WQI / 6.15:
Impact of Stochastic Observation Error and Uncertainty in Water-Quality Evaluation / 6.16:
Probabilistic or Stochastic Water-Quality Indices / 7:
A 'Global' Stochastic Index of Water Quality / 7.1:
A Modification in the Global Stochastic Index by Cordoba et al. (2010) / 7.3:
'Planning' or 'Decision-Making' Indices / 8:
Water-Quality Management Indices / 8.1:
Dee's WQI-Based Environmental Evaluation System / 8.3:
Zoeteman's Pollution Potential Index (PPI) / 8.4:
Environmental Quality Index Presented by Inhaber (1974) / 8.5:
Johanson and Johanson's Pollution Index / 8.6:
Ott's NPPI / 8.7:
Water-Quality Indices for Operational Management / 8.8:
Index to Regulate Water-Management Systems / 8.9:
Index to Assess the Impact of Ecoregional, Hydrological and Limnological Factors / 8.10:
A Watershed-Quality Index / 8.11:
Index for Watershed Pollution Assessment / 8.12:
A GIS-Assisted Water-Quality Index for Irrigation Water / 8.13:
A System of Indices for Watershed Management / 8.14:
A Fuzzy WQI for Water-Quality Assessment of Shrimp Forms / 8.15:
An Index to Assess Acceptability of Reclaimed Water for Irrigation / 8.16:
An Index for Irrigation Water-Quality Management / 8.17:
Index for the Analysis of Data Generated by Automated Sampling (Continuous Monitoring) Networks / 8.18:
An Index of Drinking-Water Adequacy for the Asian Countries / 8.19:
Indices for the Prediction of Stream of Quality in an Agricultural Setting / 8.20:
An Index to Assess Extent of Wastewater Treatment / 8.21:
Use of Indices for Prioritising Pacement of Water-Quality Buffers to Control Nonpoint Pollution / 8.22:
Indices for Assessing Groundwater Quality / 9:
The WQI of Tiwari and Mishra (1985) / 9.1:
Another Oft-Used Groundwater-Quality Index Development Procedure / 9.3:
Index of Aquifer Water Quality (Melloul and Collin, 1998) / 9.4:
Groundwater-Quality Index of Soltan (1999) / 9.5:
A Groundwater Contamination Index / 9.6:
An Index for Surface Water as well as Groundwater Quality / 9.7:
Use of Groundwater-Quality Index, Contamination Index and Contamination Risk Maps for Designing Water-Quality Monitoring Networks / 9.8:
Attribute Reduction in Groundwater-Quality Indices Based on Rough Set Theory / 9.9:
Index Development Using Correspondence Factor Analysis / 9.10:
Indices for Groundwater Vulnerability Assessment / 9.11:
Groundwater-Quality Index to Study Impact of Landfills / 9.12:
Indices for Optimising Groundwater-Quality Monitoring Network / 9.13:
Economic Index of Groundwater Quality Based on the Treatment Cost / 9.14:
The Information-Entropy-Based Groundwater WQI of Pei-Yue et al. (2010) / 9.15:
A WQI for Groundwater Based on Fuzzy Logic / 9.16:
Use of WQI and GIS in Aquifer-Quality Mapping / 9.17:
Water-Quality Indices of USA and Canada / 10:
WQIs of Canada / 10.1:
WQIs of the USA / 10.3:
The WQI of Said et al. (2004) / 10.4:
WQI-Generating Software and a WQI-based Virtual Instrument / 11:
The Basic Architecture of Qualidex / 11.1:
Reference
Water Quality Indices Based On Bioassessment / II:
Water-Quality Indices Based on Bioassessment: An Introduction / 12:
Biotic Indices in the Context of the Evolution of Water-Quality Indices / 12.1:
Stressor-Based and Response-Based Monitoring Approaches / 12.3:
Biotic Indices - General / 12.4:
The Biotic Indices / 13:
The Challenge of Finding 'Control' Sites / 13.1:
The Cost Associated with the Use of Biological Assessments of Water / 13.3:
Organisms Commonly used in Bioassessment / 13.4:
Biotic Indices for Freshwater and Saline water Systems Based on Macroinvertebrates / 13.5:
Biotic Indices as Indicators of Water Safety and Human Health Risks / 13.6:
Comparison of Performances of Different Biotic Indices / 13.7:
Biotic Indices and Developing Countries / 13.8:
Limitations of Biotic Indices / 13.9:
WQIs and BIs: An Overview / 13.10:
Indices of Biological Integrity or the Multi-metric Indices / 14:
The First IBI (KARR, 1981) / 14.1:
The Driver-Pressure-Stress-Impact-Response (DPSIR) Paradigm and The IBI / 14.3:
Illustrative Examples of IBI Development / 14.4:
Overview of IBIs Based on Different Taxa / 14.5:
IBIs for Different Aquatic Systems / 14.6:
Inter-IBI Comparison / 14.7:
The Present and the Future of IBI / 14.8:
The Now Well-Recognised Attributes of IBI / 14.9:
The Shortcomings of IBI / 14.10:
Multivariate Approaches for Bioassessment of Water Quality / 15:
Rivpacs / 15.1:
Variants of Rivpacs / 15.3:
The Multivariate Approaches and the IBI / 15.4:
Looking Back, Looking Ahead / III:
Water-Quality Indices: Looking Back, Looking Ahead / 16:
The Best WQI? / 16.1:
The Path Ahead / 16.3:
The Last Word / 16.4:
Index
Foreword
Water Quality Indices Based Predominantly on Physico-Chemical Characteristics / I:
Why Water-Quality Indices / 1:
38.

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Colin Walls
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Newnes, 2012
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What Makes an Embedded Application Tick? / 1:
Memory in Embedded Systems / 2:
Memory Architectures / 3:
How Software Influences Hardware Design / 4:
Migrating your Software to a New Processor Architecture / 5:
Embedded Software for Transportation Applications / 6:
How to Choose a CPU for Your SoC Design / 7:
An Introduction to USB Software / 8:
Towards USB 3.0 / 9:
What Makes an Embedded Application Tick? / 1:
Memory in Embedded Systems / 2:
Memory Architectures / 3:
39.

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Theodore C. Friedman, Theodore Friedmann
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Burlington : Elsevier Science, 2012
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Preface: The successful clinical use of viral vectors for human gene therapy
General principles of retrovirus vector design
Strategies for retrovirus-based correction of severe, combined immunodeficiency (SCID)
Retrovirus and lentivirus vector design and methods of cell conditioning
Analysis of the clonal repertoire of gene corrected cells in gene therapy
Developing novel lentiviral vectors into clinical products
Lentivirus vectors in beta-thalassemia
Gene Therapy for Chronic Granulomatous Disease
Alternative splicing caused by lentiviral integration in the human genome
Genotoxicity assay for gene therapy vectors in tumor prone Cdkn2a-/- mice
Lentiviral Hematopoietic Cell Gene Therapy for X-linked Adrenoleukodystrophy
Retroviral replicating vectors in cancer
Adeno-associated virus vectorology, manufacturing and clinical applications
Gene Delivery To The Retina: From Mouse To Man
Generation of hairpin-based RNAi vectors for biological and therapeutic application
Recombinant adeno-associated viral vector reference standards
NIH oversight of human gene transfer research involving retroviral, lentiviral and adeno-associated virus vectors and the role of the NIH recombinant DNA advisory committee draft
Regulatory structures for gene therapy medicinal products in the European Union
Preface: The successful clinical use of viral vectors for human gene therapy
General principles of retrovirus vector design
Strategies for retrovirus-based correction of severe, combined immunodeficiency (SCID)
40.

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R. K. Goel, Bhawani Singh, Jian Zhao
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Butterworth-Heinemann, 2012
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Underground Space and Its Requirement / 1.1:
History of Underground Space Use / 1.2:
Underground Space for Sustainable Development / 1.3:
What Should Be Done? / 1.4:
Future of Underground Space Facilities / 1.5:
Scope of the Book / 1.6:
References
Classification of Underground Space / 2:
General / 2.1:
Major Classification Grouping / 2.2:
Function / 2.2.1:
Geometry / 2.2.2:
Origin / 2.2.3:
Site Features / 2.2.4:
Project Features / 2.2.5:
Benefits and Drawbacks of Underground Facilities / 2.3:
Important Considerations / 3:
Geological Considerations / 3.1:
Engineering Considerations / 3.2:
Psychological and Physiological Considerations / 3.3:
Image of the Underground / 3.3.1:
Actual Experiences in Underground Buildings / 3.3.2:
Actual Experience in Windowless and Other Analogous Environments / 3.3.3:
Potential Psychological Problems Associated with Underground Space / 3.3.4:
Mitigating Factors / 3.3.5:
Choosing to Go Underground-General Advantages / 3.4:
Potential Physical Benefits / 3.4.1:
Protection / 3.4.2:
Security / 3.4.3:
Aesthetics / 3.4.4:
Environmental Advantages / 3.4.5:
Materials / 3.4.6:
Initial Cost/Land Cost Savings / 3.4.7:
Construction Savings / 3.4.8:
Sale of Excavated Material or Minerals / 3.4.9:
Savings in Specialized Design Features / 3.4.10:
Operating Cost/Maintenance / 3.4.11:
Energy Use / 3.4.12:
Land Use Efficiency / 3.4.13:
Disaster Readiness/National Security / 3.4.14:
Drawbacks of Underground Space Use / 3.5:
Physical / 3.5.1:
Climate Isolation / 3.5.2:
Communication / 3.5.3:
Human Occupancy / 3.5.4:
Safety Considerations / 3.6:
Fire Explosion / 3.6.1:
Oxygen Shortage/Poisoning / 3.6.2:
Flood / 3.6.3:
Electric Power Failure / 3.6.4:
Ventilation / 3.7:
Legal and Administrative Considerations / 3.8:
Limits of Surface Property Ownership / 3.8.1:
Ownership and the Right to Develop Subsurface Space / 3.8.2:
Application of Surface Land Use Regulations / 3.8.3:
Environmental Controls / 3.8.4:
Restrictions due to Surface and Subsurface Structures / 3.8.5:
Economic Considerations / 3.9:
Underground Space Planning / 4:
Forms of Underground Space Available and Uses / 4.1:
Level-Wise Planning of Underground Space Use / 4.2:
Future Forms of Underground Space Use / 4.3:
Technology for Underground Development / 4.4:
Conceptual Designs / 4.5:
Cost Considerations / 4.6:
Planning of Underground Space / 4.7:
Underground Storage of Food Items / 5:
Section 1 / 5.1:
Problems Associated with Underground Food Storage / 5.2:
Site Selection / 5.3:
Construction and Design / 5.4:
Depth / 5.4.1:
Unit Size / 5.4.2:
Lining / 5.4.3:
Loading and Unloading Equipment / 5.4.4:
Equipment to Equilibrate Grain Temperature during Loading and Unloading / 5.4.5:
Considerations while Loading the Storage / 5.4.6:
Considerations prior to Unloading of Underground Storage / 5.4.7:
Underground Storage Bins in Argentina / 5.4.8:
Potato Storage / 5.5:
Section 2
Refrigerated Rock Stores / 5.6:
Design of Underground Cold Storage / 5.7:
Shape and Size / 5.7.1:
Thermal Properties / 5.7.2:
Cost Comparison / 5.8:
Case Histories / 5.9:
Warehouse Caverns in Singapore / 5.9.1:
Cold Storage Plant in Bergen, Norway / 5.9.2:
Underground Storage of Water / 6:
Water Storage by Recharge Methods / 6.1:
Controlling Factors / 6.2.1:
Recharge Methods / 6.2.2:
Underground Rock Cavern Tank Storage / 6.3:
Function and Location of Water Tanks / 6.3.1:
Comparison between Aboveground and Underground Water Tanks / 6.3.2:
Planning and Design / 6.3.3:
Cost for Underground Cavern Storage / 6.3.4:
Construction and Maintenance Experience / 6.3.5:
The Kvernberget Rock Cavern Tank / 6.4:
The Steinan Rock Cavern Tank, Norway / 6.4.2:
The Groheia Rock Cavern Tank in Kristiansand, Norway / 6.4.3:
Underground Parking / 7:
Types of Parking Facilities / 7.1:
Various Modern Mechanical Underground Parking Options / 7.3:
Trevipark System / 7.3.1:
Douskos Car Parks-Mechanical Underground Parking Station Systems / 7.3.2:
Evaluation Criteria of a Site for Underground Parking / 7.4:
Design of Underground Parking Facilities / 7.5:
Parking Guidance System / 7.6:
Parking Lot Security / 7.7:
Ventilation in Underground Car Parks / 7.8:
Economics of Underground Parking Facilities / 7.9:
Sydney Opera House Underground Car Park / 7.10:
Munich Automated Underground Parking System, Germany / 7.10.2:
Underground Metro and Road Tunnels / 8:
Findings of International Tunnelling Association / 8.1:
Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM) / 8.2:
Tunnel Boring Machines for Hard Rocks / 8.2.1:
Shielded Tunnel Boring Machines / 8.2.2:
Precast Lining / 8.3:
Building Condition Survey and Vibration Limit / 8.4:
Impact on Structures / 8.5:
Subsidence / 8.6:
Half-Tunnels for Roads / 8.7:
Road Tunnels / 8.8:
Traffic Safety / 8.8.1:
Construction Details / 8.8.3:
Precautions to Protect Road Tunnels from Deterioration / 8.8.4:
Cost of Construction / 8.8.5:
Subsea Tunnels / 8.9:
Maintenance / 8.9.1:
Gotthard Base Tunnel (GBT) / 8.10:
Lötschberg Base Tunnel (LBT) / 8.10.2:
Underground Storage of Crude Oil, Liquefied Petroleum Gas, and Natural Gas / 9:
Investigations and Design / 9.1:
Underground Storage Technology / 9.3:
Underground Unlined Storage / 9.3.1:
Underground Lined Storage / 9.3.2:
Storage of Natural Gas / 9.4:
Tunnel-Shaped Storage Facility / 9.5:
Disadvantages / 9.5.1:
Separation Distance between Caverns / 9.5.2:
Multitank Storage (Polytank) Concept / 9.6:
Construction Principles / 9.6.1:
Rock Mechanics of Polytank Storage / 9.6.2:
Field of Applications / 9.6.3:
Advantages / 9.6.4:
General Advantages and Disadvantages of Underground Storages / 9.7:
Inground Tanks / 9.7.1:
Cost Aspects / 9.8.1:
Effect of Earthquake / 9.10:
Carbon Dioxide Sequestration / 9.11:
Civic Facilities Underground / 10:
Sewage and Waste Water Treatment Plant / 10.1:
Case Example of Cost Comparison / 10.2.1:
Sports Center / 10.3:
Underground Ice Rink / 10.3.1:
Swimming Center / 10.3.2:
Underground Pedestrian Path / 10.4:
Operation of the System / 10.4.1:
Shopping Mall / 10.5:
Underground Recreational Facilities / 10.6:
Underground Structures for Hydroelectric Projects / 11:
Recent Developments in Planning of Hydroelectric Projects / 11.1:
Types of Underground Structures / 11.3:
Principles of Planning / 11.4:
Fundamental Requirements / 11.5:
Planning a Cavern / 11.6:
Design of a Cavern / 11.7:
Space and Geometries / 11.7.1:
Geotechniques / 11.7.2:
Orientation / 11.7.3:
Excavation Sequence and Techniques / 11.7.4:
In Situ Stresses / 11.7.5:
Earthquake Forces / 11.7.6:
Supports / 11.7.7:
Advantages and Disadvantages / 11.8:
Churchill Falls Hydroelectric Project / 11.9:
Chhibro Underground Powerhouse / 11.9.2:
Tala Hydroelectric Project, Bhutan / 11.9.3:
Summary / 11.10:
Underground Shelters for Wartime / 12:
State-of-the-Art Defense Shelters / 12.1:
Shelter Options / 12.3:
Design of Shelters / 12.4:
Basement Shelters / 12.4.1:
Expedient Shelter Designs / 12.4.2:
Civil Defense Shelter in Singapore / 12.5:
Beijing's Underground City / 12.5.2:
Underground Storage of Ammunitions and Explosives / 13:
Explosion Effects in Underground Ammunition Storage Sites / 13.1:
Advantages and Disadvantages of Underground Storage / 13.3:
Storage Limitations / 13.4:
Ammunition Containing Flammable Liquids or Gels / 13.4.1:
Ammunition Containing Toxic Agents / 13.4.2:
Suspect Ammunition and Explosives / 13.4.3:
Ammunition Containing Pyrotechnics / 13.4.4:
Ammunition Containing Depleted Uranium / 13.4.5:
Design Requirements of Underground Ammunition Storage Facility / 13.5:
Safety Requirements / 13.5.1:
Military Requirements / 13.5.2:
Financial Aspects / 13.5.3:
Humidity Control and Ventilation / 13.5.4:
Electric Installations and Equipment / 13.5.5:
Lightning Protection / 13.5.6:
Transport and Handling Equipment / 13.5.7:
Fire-Fighting Equipment / 13.5.8:
Facility Layout / 13.6:
Design Guidelines / 13.6.1:
Underground Chambers / 13.6.2:
Exits / 13.6.3:
Branch Passageways / 13.6.4:
Blast Closures / 13.6.5:
Expansion Chambers / 13.6.6:
Constrictions / 13.6.7:
Debris Traps within Underground Facility / 13.6.8:
Blast Traps / 13.6.9:
Portal Barricade / 13.6.10:
Interior Wall Roughness / 13.6.11:
Depth of Cover above Storage Chambers / 13.6.12:
Chamber Separation Requirement / 13.6.13:
Sympathetic Detonation by Rock Spall / 13.7:
Case History / 13.8:
Underground Ammunition Storage Facility, Singapore
Underground Nuclear Waste Repositories / 14:
Types of Radioactive Nuclear Waste / 14.1:
Underground Research Laboratory / 14.3:
Stripa Underground Research Facility / 14.3.1:
Concept of Barriers / 14.4:
Design Aspects of Underground Repository / 14.5:
Vertical Emplacement in a Pit / 14.5.1:
Alternative System Layout for Very Long Hole (VLH) / 14.5.2:
Instrumentation / 14.6:
Retrievability of Canister / 14.7:
Public Acceptance of Radioactive Waste Repository / 14.8:
Contractual Risk Sharing / 15:
The Risk / 15.1:
Management of Risk / 15.2:
Risk Management Tools-Fault Tree Analysis / 15.2.1:
Recommendations of International Tunnelling Association / 15.2.2:
Recommendations of International Standard Organisation / 15.2.3:
Role of Engineering Leaders / 15.2.4:
Construction Planning and Risk / 15.3:
Time and Cost Estimates / 15.4:
Annexure
Index
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Underground Space and Its Requirement / 1.1:
41.

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Laurence W. McKeen, Plastics Design Library.
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , William Andrew Publishing, 2012
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Preface
Introduction to Plastics and Polymers / 1:
Introduction to the Mechanical, Thermal and Permeation Properties of Plastics and Elastomers / 2:
Production of films / 3:
Markets and Applications for films / 4:
Styrenic Plastics / 5:
Polyesters / 6:
Polyamides (Nylons) / 8:
Polyolefins / 9:
Polyvinyls & Acrylics / 10:
Fluoropolymers / 11:
High Temperature/High Performance Polymers / 12:
Elastomers and rubbers / 13:
Renewable Resource or biodegradable polymers / 14:
Appendices
Permeation Unit Conversion Factors
Vapor Transmission rate Conversion factors
Indices
Preface
Introduction to Plastics and Polymers / 1:
Introduction to the Mechanical, Thermal and Permeation Properties of Plastics and Elastomers / 2:
42.

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G. M. McCracken, Peter E. Stott
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Academic Press, 2012
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Technical Summaries
Foreword to the Second Edition
Foreword to the First Edition
Preface
Acknowledgments
What Is Nuclear Fusion? / 1:
The Alchemists' Dream / 1.1:
The Sun's Energy / 1.2:
Can We Use Fusion Energy? / 1.3:
Man-Made Suns / 1.4:
The Rest of the Story / 1.5:
Energy from Mass / 2:
Einstein's Theory / 2.1:
Building Blocks / 2.2:
Something Missing / 2.3:
Fusion in the Sun and Stars / 13:
The Source of the Sun's Energy / 3.1:
The Solar Furnace / 3.2:
Gravitational Confinement / 3.3:
The Formation of Heavier Atoms / 3.4:
Stars and Supernovae / 3.5:
Man-Made Fusion / 4:
Down to Earth / 4.1:
Getting It Together / 4.2:
Breaking Even / 4.3:
Magnetic Confinement / 5:
The First Experiments / 5.1:
Behind Closed Doors / 5.2:
Opening the Doors / 5.3:
ZETA / 5.4:
From Geneva to Novosibirsk / 5.5:
The Hydrogen Bomb / 6:
The Background / 6.1:
The Problems / 6.2:
Beyond the "Sloyka" / 6.3:
Peaceful Uses? / 6.4:
Inertial-Confinement Fusion / 7:
Mini-Explosions / 7.1:
Using Lasers / 7.2:
Alternative Drivers / 7.3:
The Future Program / 7.4:
False Trails / 8:
Fusion in a Test Tube? / 8.1:
Bubble Fusion / 8.2:
Fusion with Mesons / 8.3:
Tokamaks / 9:
The Basics / 9.1:
Instabilities / 9.2:
Diagnosing the Plasma / 9.3:
Impurities / 9.4:
Heating the Plasma / 9.5:
From T3 to ITER / 10:
The Big Tokamaks / 10.1:
Pushing to Peak Performance / 10.2:
Tritium Operation / 10.3:
Scaling to a Power Plant / 10.4:
The Next Step / 10.5:
Continuing Research / 10.6:
Variations on the Tokamak Theme / 10.7:
Stellarators Revisited / 10.8:
ITER / 11:
Historical Background / 11.1:
The Construction Phase Begins / 11.2:
Overview of the ITER Tokamak / 11.3:
The Construction Schedule / 11.4:
Large Inertial-Confinement Systems / 12:
Driver Energy / 12.1:
The National Ignition Facility / 12.2:
Laser Mégajoule (LMJ) / 12.3:
OMEGA and OMEGA EP / 12.4:
FIREX / 12.5:
HiPER / 12.6:
Future Steps / 12.7:
Fusion Power Plants
Early Plans / 13.1:
Fusion Power-Plant Geometry / 13.2:
Radiation Damage and Shielding / 13.3:
Low-Activation Materials / 13.4:
Magnetic-Confinement Fusion / 13.5:
Conceptual Power-Plant Studies and DEMO / 13.6:
A Demonstration ICF Power Plant-LIFE / 13.7:
Tritium Breeding / 13.9:
Why We Will Need Fusion Energy / 14:
World Energy Needs / 14.1:
The Choice of Fuels / 14.2:
The Environmental Impact of Fusion Energy / 14.3:
The Cost of Fusion Energy / 14.4:
Units
Glossary
Further Reading
Index
Technical Summaries
Foreword to the Second Edition
Foreword to the First Edition
43.

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Ivan Djordjevic
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Preface
Introduction
Quantum Mechanics Fundamentals
Quantum Circuits and Quantum Information Processing Fundamentals
Quantum Information Processing
Quantum Algorithms Classical Error Correcting Codes
Quantum Error Correction
Quantum Stabilizer Codes and Beyond Entanglement-Assisted
Quantum LDPC Codes Fault-Tolerant
Quantum Error-Correction and Fault-Tolerant
Quantum Computing
Quantum Information Theory Physical Implementations of Quantum Information Processing
References
Preface
Introduction
Quantum Mechanics Fundamentals
44.

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H. B. Pacejka, Igo Besselink, Society of Automotive Engineers.
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Butterworth-Heinemann, 2012
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Exercises
Preface
Tire Characteristics and Vehicle Handling and Stability / 1:
Introduction / 1.1:
Tire and Axle Characteristics / 1.2:
Introduction to Tire Characteristics / 1.2.1:
Effective Axle Cornering Characteristics / 1.2.2:
Vehicle Handling and Stability / 13:
Differential Equations for Plane Vehicle Motions / 1.3.1:
Linear Analysis of the Two-Degree-of-Freedom Model / 1.3.2:
Nonlinear Steady-State Cornering Solutions / 1.3.3:
The Vehicle at Braking or Driving / 1.3.4:
The Moment Method / 1.3.5:
The Car-Trailer Combination / 1.3.6:
Vehicle Dynamics at More Complex Tire Slip Conditions / 1.3.7:
Basic Tire Modeling Considerations / 2:
Definition of Tire Input Quantities / 2.1:
Assessment of Tire Input Motion Components / 23:
Fundamental Differential Equations for a Rolling and Slipping Body / 2.4:
Tire Models (Introductory Discussion) / 2.5:
Theory of Steady-State Slip Force and Moment Generation / 3:
Tire Brush Model / 3.1:
Pure Side Slip / 3.2.1:
Pure Longitudinal Slip / 3.2.2:
Interaction between Lateral and Longitudinal Slip (Combined Slip) / 3.2.3:
Camber and Turning (Spin) / 3.2.4:
The Tread Simulation Model / 3.3:
Application: Vehicle Stability at Braking up to Wheel Lock / 3.4:
Semi-Empirical Tire Models / 4:
The Similarity Method / 4.1:
Pure Slip Conditions / 4.2.1:
Combined Slip Conditions / 4.2.2:
Combined Slip Conditions with Fx as Input Variable / 4.2.3:
The Magic Formula Tire Model / 4.3:
Model Description / 4.3.1:
Full Set of Equations / 4.3.2:
Extension of the Model for Turn Slip / 4.3.3:
Ply-Steer and Conicity / 4.3.4:
The Overturning Couple / 4.3.5:
Comparison with Experimental Data for a Car, a Truck, and a Motorcycle Tire / 4.3.6:
Non-Steady-State Out-of-Plane String-Based Tire Models / 5:
Review of Earlier Research / 5.1:
The Stretched String Model / 5.3:
Model Development / 5.3.1:
Step and Steady-State Response of the String Model / 5.3.2:
Frequency Response Functions of the String Model / 5.3.3:
Approximations and Other Models / 5.4:
Approximate Models / 5.4.1:
Other Models / 5.4.2:
Enhanced String Model with Tread Elements / 5.4.3:
Tire Inertia Effects / 5.5:
First Approximation of Dynamic Influence (Gyroscopic Couple) / 5.5.1:
Second Approximation of Dynamic Influence (First Harmonic) / 5.5.2:
Side Force Response to Time-Varying Load / 5.6:
String Model with Tread Elements Subjected to Load Variations / 5.6.1:
Adapted Bare String Model / 5.6.2:
The Force and Moment Response / 5.6.3:
Theory of the Wheel Shimmy Phenomenon Introduction / 6:
The Simple Trailing Wheel System with Yaw Degree of Freedom / 6.1:
Systems with Yaw and Lateral Degrees of Freedom / 6.3:
Yaw and Lateral Degrees of Freedom with Rigid Wheel/Tire (Third Order) / 6.3.1:
The Fifth-Order System / 6.3.2:
Shimmy and Energy Flow / 6.4:
Unstable Modes and the Energy Circle / 6.4.1:
Transformation of Forward Motion Energy into Shimmy Energy / 6.4.2:
Nonlinear Shimmy Oscillations / 6.5:
Single-Contact-Point Transient Tire Models / 7:
Linear Model / 7.1:
Semi-Non-Linear Model / 7.2.2:
Fully Nonlinear Model / 7.2.3:
Nonlagging Part / 7.2.4:
The Gyroscopic Couple / 7.2.5:
Enhanced Nonlinear Transient Tire Model / 7.3:
Applications of Transient Tire Models / 8:
Vehicle Response to Steer Angle Variations / 8.1:
Cornering on Undulated Roads / 8.2:
Longitudinal Force Response to Tire Nonuniformity, Axle Motions, and Road Unevenness / 8.3:
Effective Rolling Radius Variations at Free Rolling / 8.3.1:
Computation of the Horizontal Longitudinal Force Response / 8.3.2:
Frequency Response to Vertical Axle Motions / 8.3.3:
Frequency Response to Radial Run-out / 8.3.4:
Forced Steering Vibrations / 8.4:
Dynamics of the Unloaded System Excited by Wheel Unbalance / 8.4.1:
Dynamics of the Loaded System with Tire Properties Included / 8.4.2:
ABS Braking on Undulated Road / 8.5:
In-Plane Model of Suspension and Wheel/Tire Assembly / 8.5.1:
Antilock Braking Algorithm and Simulation / 8.5.2:
Starting from Standstill / 8.6:
Short Wavelength Intermediate Frequency Tire Model / 9:
The Contact Patch Slip Model / 9.1:
Brush Model Non-Steady-State Behavior / 9.2.1:
The Model Adapted to the Use of the Magic Formula / 9.2.2:
Parking Maneuvers / 9.2.3:
Tire Dynamics / 9.3:
Dynamic Equations / 9.3.1:
Constitutive Relations / 9.3.2:
Dynamic Tire Model Performance / 9.4:
Dedicated Dynamic Test Facilities / 9.4.1:
Dynamic Tire Simulation and Experimental Results / 9.4.2:
Dynamic Tire Response to Short Road Unevennesses / 10:
Tire Envelopment Properties / 10.1:
The Effective Road Plane Using Basic Functions / 10.1.2:
The Effective Road Plane Using the 'Cam' Road Feeler Concept / 10.1.3:
The Effective Rolling Radius When Rolling Over a Cleat / 10.1.4:
The Location of the Effective Road Plane / 10.1.5:
SWIFT on Road Unevennesses (Simulation and Experiment) / 10.2:
Two-Dimensional Unevennesses / 10.2.1:
Three-Dimensional Unevennesses / 10.2.2:
Motorcycle Dynamics / 11:
Geometry and Inertia / 11.1:
The Steer, Camber, and Slip Angles / 11.2.2:
Air Drag, Driving or Braking, and Fore-and-Aft Load Transfer / 11.2.3:
Tire Force and Moment Response / 11.2.4:
Linear Equations of Motion / 11.3:
The Kinetic Energy / 11.3.1:
The Potential Energy and the Dissipation Function / 11.3.2:
The Virtual Work / 11.3.3:
Complete Set of Linear Differential Equations / 11.3.4:
Stability Analysis and Step Responses / 11.4:
Free Uncontrolled Motion / 11.4.1:
Step Responses of Controlled Motion / 11.4.2:
Analysis of Steady-State Cornering / 11.5:
Linear Steady-State Theory / 11.5.1:
Non-Linear Analysis of Steady-State Cornering / 11.5.2:
Modes of Vibration at Large Lateral Accelerations / 11.5.3:
Tire Steady-State and Dynamic Test Facilities / 11.6:
Outlines of Three Advanced Dynamic Tire Models
The RMOD-K Tire Model (Christian Oertel) / 13.1:
The Nonlinear FEM Model / 13.1.1:
The Flexible Belt Model / 13.1.2:
Comparison of Various RMOD-K Models / 13.1.3:
The FTire Tire Model (Michael Gipser) / 13.2:
Structure Model / 13.2.1:
Tread Model / 13.2.3:
Model Data and Parametrization / 13.2.4:
The MF-Swift Tire Model (Igo Besselink) / 13.3:
Model Overview / 13.3.1:
MF-Tire/MF-Swift / 13.3.3:
Parameter Identification / 13.3.4:
Test and Model Comparison / 13.3.5:
References
List of Symbols
Sign Conventions for Force and Moment and Wheel Slip / Appendix 1:
Online Information / Appendix 2:
MF-Tire/MF-Swift Parameters and Estimation Methods / Appendix 3:
Index
Exercises
Preface
Tire Characteristics and Vehicle Handling and Stability / 1:
45.

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Ulrich K. Deiters, Thomas Kraska
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Elsevier, 2012
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Symbols
Foreword
Preface
Introduction / 1:
What are Fluids? / 1.1:
Why Should You Read This Book? / 1.2:
What is the Scope of This Book? / 1.3:
Do You Have to Read the Whole Book? / 1.4:
Some Conventions / 1.5:
Phenomenology of Phase Diagrams / 2:
Basic Considerations / 2.1:
Phase Diagrams-Cuts and Projections / 2.1.1:
Subcritical Vapor-Liquid Equilibria / 2.1.2:
The Lever Rule / 2.1.3:
Supercritical Vapor-Liquid Equilibria / 2.1.4:
Volumetric Behavior / 2.1.5:
Experimentally Known Binary Phase Diagram Classes / 2.2:
Class I / 2.2.1:
Class II / 2.2.2:
Class III / 2.2.3:
Class IV / 2.2.4:
Class V / 2.2.5:
Class VI / 2.2.6:
Class VII / 2.2.7:
Class VIII / 2.2.8:
Rational Nomenclature of Phase Diagram Classes / 2.3:
Ternary Phase Diagrams / 2.4:
One Immiscible Binary Subsystem / 2.4.1:
Two Immiscible Binary Subsystems / 2.4.2:
Three Immiscible Binary Subsystems / 2.4.3:
No Immiscible Binary Subsystems / 2.4.4:
The Ternary Lever Rule / 2.4.5:
Three-Dimensional Representations / 2.4.6:
Miscibility Windows and Cosolvency / 2.4.7:
Phase Diagrams of Polymer Solutions / 2.5:
Problems / 2.6:
Experimental Observation of Phase Equilibria / 3:
Warning / 3.1:
Overview / 3.2:
Synthetic Methods / 3.3:
Analytic Methods / 3.4:
Transient Methods / 3.5:
Methods Using Flow of Matter / 3.5.1:
Methods Using Heat Flow / 3.5.2:
Thermodynamic Variables and Functions / 3.6:
Fundamentals / 4.1:
Energy Functions and the Equation of State / 4.2:
Residual, Excess, and Partial Molar Quantities / 4.3:
Residual Quantities / 4.3.1:
Excess Quantities / 4.3.2:
Partial Molar Quantities / 4.3.3:
Jacobian Determinants / 4.4:
Variables of Historical Importance / 4.5:
Stability and Equilibrium / 4.6:
Criteria of Equilibrium / 5.1:
Thermodynamic Stability and Equilibrium Criteria Based on the Second Law / 5.2:
Phase Equilibria of Pure Substances / 5.3:
Differential Equations / 5.3.1:
Algebraic Equations / 5.3.2:
Critical Points of Pure Fluids / 5.4:
Phase Equilibria of Binary Mixtures / 5.5:
Algebraic Equations Based on the Gibbs Energy / 5.5.1:
Vapor-Liquid Equilibria at Infinite Dilution / 5.5.3:
Mixtures in the Vicinity of Pure-Fluid Critical Points / 5.5.4:
The Isobaric Phase Diagram of an Ideal Mixture / 5.5.5:
Azeotropy / 5.5.6:
Critical Curves / 5.6:
Critical Endpoints / 5.6.1:
Three-Phase Curves / 5.7:
Isochoric Thermodynamics / 5.8:
Isochoric Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibrium / 5.8.1:
Local Stability / 5.8.2:
Mechanical Stability / 5.8.3:
Computation / 5.8.4:
Heat Effects of Phase Transitions / 5.9:
Solid-Fluid Equilibrium / 6:
Thermodynamic Functions of Solids / 6.1:
Equilibrium of a Pure Solid and Mixed Fluid Phase / 6.2:
Remarks on Phase Diagrams of Binary Mixtures / 6.3:
Impure Solids / 6.4:
Continuous Miscibility / 6.4.1:
Continuous Solubility on Interstitial Sites (Clathrates) / 6.4.2:
Formation of Stoichiometric Compounds / 6.4.3:
Equations of State for Pure Fluids / 6.5:
The Ideal Gas / 7.1:
The Virial Equation of State / 7.3:
Cubic Equations of State / 7.4:
The van der Waals Equation of State / 7.4.1:
The Redlich-Kwong Equation / 7.4.2:
The Redlich-Kwong-Soave Equation / 7.4.3:
The Peng-Robinson Equation / 7.4.4:
Generalized Cubic Equations of State / 7.4.5:
Equations of State Based on Molecular Theory / 7.5:
Hard-Sphere Equations of State / 7.5.1:
Attraction Terms / 7.5.2:
Perturbed-Hard-Chain Theories / 7.5.3:
Perturbation Theories / 7.5.4:
Chemical Association Theories / 7.5.5:
Reference Equations of State / 7.6:
The Corresponding-States Principle / 7.7:
Near-Critical Behavior / 7.8:
Which Equation of State is Best? / 7.9:
How to Obtain the Parameters / 7.10:
Equations of State for Mixtures / 7.11:
The Random Mixing Approximation / 8.1:
One-Fluid Theory / 8.3:
Combining Rules / 8.4:
n-Fluid Theories / 8.5:
The Mean-Density Approximation / 8.6:
Advanced Theory / 8.7:
GE-Based Mixing Rules / 8.8:
Anything Goes? / 8.9:
Fuzzy Components / 8.10:
Continuous Thermodynamics / 8.10.1:
Pseudocomponents / 8.10.2:
Global Phase Diagrams / 8.11:
The Concept / 9.1:
The Coordinates of Global Phase Diagrams / 9.2:
Boundary States / 9.3:
Double Critical Endpoints / 9.3.1:
Tricritical Points / 9.3.2:
Border Azeotropy / 9.3.3:
Critical Azeotropic Endpoints / 9.3.4:
Zero-Kelvin Endpoints / 9.3.5:
Critical Pressure Step Points / 9.3.6:
Global Phase Diagrams for Specific Models / 9.4:
The Redlich-Kwong Equation of State / 9.4.1:
The Carnahan-Starling-Redlich-Kwong Equation of State / 9.4.3:
The Carnahan-Starling-van der Waals Equation of State / 9.4.4:
Lattice Gas Models / 9.4.5:
Other Equations of State / 9.4.6:
Are Shield and Sword Regions Realistic? / 9.4.7:
Applications of Global Phase Diagrams / 9.5:
Ternary Systems / 9.6:
Algebraic and Numeric Methods / 9.7:
Errors / A.1:
Round-off Errors / A.1.1:
Termination Errors / A.1.2:
Root of a One-Dimensional Function: Substitution Methods / A.2:
Root of a One-Dimensional Function: Regula Falsi / A.3:
Root of a One-Dimensional Function: Newton's Method / A.4:
Roots of Cubic Polynomials / A.5:
Cardano's Method / A.5.1:
Fast Numeric Method / A.5.2:
The Roots of Quartic Polynomials / A.6:
The Roots of Quintic Polynomials / A.7:
Numerical Differentiation / A.8:
Symmetric Differentiation Methods / A.8.1:
Asymmetric Differentiation Methods / A.8.2:
Numerical Integration / A.9:
Simpson's/Newton's Method / A.9.1:
Gauss' and Chebyshev's Methods / A.9.2:
Romberg's Method / A.9.3:
Improper Integrals / A.9.4:
Ordinary Differential Equations: Runge-Kutta Method / A.10:
Linear Algebra / A.11:
Eigenvalues of a Symmetric Matrix / A.12:
Parameter Fitting and Systems of Nonlinear Equations / A.13:
Proofs / Appendix B:
Legendre Transformation / B.1:
The Slopes of Isochores / B.2:
The Expansion Theorem of Jacobian Determinants / B.3:
Equations of State: Auxiliary Equations for Programming / Appendix C:
The Redlich-Kwong-Soave Equation of State / C.1:
The Peng-Robinson Equation of State / C.4:
The Simplified Perturbed-Hard-Chain Equation of State / C.5:
Solutions of the Problems / Appendix D:
References
Index
Symbols
Foreword
Preface
46.

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Geoff Davies
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Butterworth-Heinemann, 2012
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Preface
Acknowledgements
About the author
Disclaimer
Introduction / 1:
Design and material utilization / 2:
Materials for consideration and use in automotive body structures / 3:
The role of demonstration, concept and competition cars / 4:
Component manufacture / 5:
Component assembly: materials joining technology / 6:
Corrosion and protection of the automotive structure / 7:
Environmental considerations / 8:
Future trends in automotive body materials / 9:
Index
Preface
Acknowledgements
About the author
47.

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EB
Neal G. Anderson
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Academic Press, 2012
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About the Author
Preface to Second Edition
Foreword
Introduction / 1:
Process Safety / 2:
Route Selection / 3:
Reagent Selection / 4:
Solvent Selection / 5:
Effects of Water / 6:
In-Process Assays, In-Process Controls, and Specifications / 7:
Practical Considerations for Scale-Up / 8:
Optimizing Processes by Minimizing Impurities / 9:
Optimizing Organometallic Reactions / 10:
Workup / 11:
Crystallization and Purification / 12:
Final Product Form and Impurities / 13:
Continuous Operations / 14:
Refining the Process for Simplicity and Ruggedness / 15:
Process Validation and Implementation / 16:
Troubleshooting / 17:
Glossary
General Index
Reactions Index
Reagents Index
Drug Substance Index
About the Author
Preface to Second Edition
Foreword
48.

電子ブック

EB
E. Roy Davies
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Burlington : Academic Press, 2012
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Vision, the Challenge / 1:
Images and Imaging Operations / 2:
Basic Image Filtering Operations / 3:
Thresholding Techniques / 4:
Edge Detection / 5:
Corner and Interest Point Detection / 6:
Mathematical Morphology / 7:
Texture / 8:
Binary Shape Analysis / 9:
Boundary Pattern Analysis / 10:
Line Detection / 11:
Circle and Ellipse Detection / 12:
The Hough Transform and Its Nature / 13:
Abstract Pattern Matching Techniques / 14:
The Three-Dimensional World / 15:
Tackling the perspective n-point problem / 16:
Invariants and perspective / 17:
Image transformations and camera calibration / 18:
Motion / 19:
Automated Visual Inspection / 20:
Inspection of Cereal Grains / 21:
Surveillance / 22:
In-Vehicle Vision Systems24 Statistical Pattern Recognition / 23:
Image Acquisition / 25:
Real-Time Hardware and Systems Design Considerations / 26:
Epilogue-Perspectives in Vision Appendix Robust statistics / 27:
References
Index
Vision, the Challenge / 1:
Images and Imaging Operations / 2:
Basic Image Filtering Operations / 3:
49.

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EB
A. Agung Julius, MinJun Kim, Edward Steager
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , William Andrew, 2012
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Preface
Acknowledgements
About the Editors
Introduction / Part 1:
Motivation for Microbiorobotics
Historical Overview
About this Book
Fundamentals of Cellular Mechanics / Part 2:
Fluid-Structure Interactions and Flagellar Actuation / Henry C. FuChapter 1:
Hydrodynamics of slender filaments / 1.1:
Elastic forces in slender filaments / 1.3:
Swimming velocity of bacterium with helical flagellum / 1.4:
Fluid-structure interactions in bacterial flagella / 1.5:
Flagella in viscoelastic fluids / 1.6:
Fluid-structure interaction in eukaryotic flagella / 1.7:
Probing dynein coordination using models of spontaneous flagellar beating / 1.8:
References
Mathematical Models for Individual Swimming Bacteria / H. Shum ; E.A. GaffneyChapter 2:
The biological, mathematical, and numerical background / 2.1:
A selective survey of recent progress in modeling applications / 2.3:
Future perspectives / 2.4:
Tetrahymena Pyriformis in Motion / Kohidai LászlóChapter 3:
Tetrahymena as a model cell / 3.1:
Migratory responses in biology / 3.3:
Specific signaling pathways / 3.4:
Microbiorobotics in Tetrahymena / 3.5:
Migration-specific phenomena / 3.6:
Strategies in migration assays in Tetrahymena / 3.7:
Concluding remarks / 3.8:
Theoretical Microbiorobotics / Part 3:
Broadcast Control for a Large Array of Stochastically Controlled Piezoelectric Actuators / Jun Ueda ; H. Harry AsadaChapter 4:
Cellular control system inspired by biological muscles / 4.1:
Piezoelectric actuator cells with large strain amplification / 4.3:
Stochastic broadcast feedback / 4.4:
Fingerprint method for modeling and characterizing stochastic actuator arrays / 4.5:
Conclusion / 4.6:
Stochastic Models and Control of Bacterial Bioactuators and Biomicrorobots / A. A. Julius ; M. S. Sakai ; E. B. Steager ; G. J. Pappas ; V. KumarChapter 5:
Stochasticity in the cellular behavior of bacteria / 5.1:
Mathematical models for stochastic cellular behavior / 5.2:
Stochasticity in the flagellated bacteria motility / 5.3:
Modeling and control of MicroBioRobots / 5.4:
Model for electrokinetic actuation / 5.5:
Biological Cell Inspired Stochastic Models and Control / Dejan Milutinovic ; Pedro Lima5.6:
Swarm robotics and models / 6.1:
Immune system cell motility / 6.3:
Hamiltonian approach to open-loop stochastic control / 6.4:
Summary / 6.5:
Experimental Microbiorobotics / Part 4:
Bacteria-Inspired Microrobots / Kathrin E. Peyer ; Arthur W. Mahoney ; Li Zhang ; Jake J. Abbott ; Bradley J. NelsonChapter 7:
Fluid mechanics at low Reynolds numbers / 7.1:
Bacterial swimming / 7.3:
Actuation of artificial bacterial microrobots / 7.4:
Swimming behavior / 7.5:
Artificial bacterial microrobot in biomedical applications / 7.6:
Magnetotactic Bacteria for Microrobotics / Sylvain MartelChapter 8:
MC-1 flagellated magnetotactic bacteria (MTB) / 8.1:
Magnetotactic bacteria as microrobots / 8.3:
Magnetotaxis versus aerotaxis control / 8.4:
Natural, bacterial, or MTB-based microrobots versus artificial bacteria-inspired microrobots / 8.5:
Applications in microassembly / 8.6:
Applications in medical interventions / 8.7:
Conclusions / 8.8:
Flexible Magnetic Microswimmers / Remy DreyfusChapter 9:
Swimming at low Reynolds number / 9.1:
Flexible magnetic filaments / 9.3:
Colloidal swimmers / 9.4:
Bacteria-Powered Microrobots / E.B. Steager ; M.S. Skar ; D. Kim V. Kumar G.J. Pappas ; M.J. Kim9.5:
Methods / 10.1:
Control of microbiorobots / 10.3:
Microbiorobots for manipulation and sensing / 10.4:
Control of Tetrahymena pyriformis as a Microrobot / Dalhyung Kim ; Sean Brigandi ; Paul Kim ; MinJun Kim10.5:
Galvanotaxis Tetrahymena pyriformis / 11.1:
Phototaxis of Tetrahymena pyriformis / 11.3:
Magnetotaxis of Tetrahymena pyriformis / 11.4:
Real-time feedback control system for magnetotactic Tetrahymena pyriformis / 11.5:
Perspectives and Outlook
Index
Preface
Acknowledgements
About the Editors
50.

電子ブック

EB
Sanjaya Maniktala
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Newnes, 2012
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目次情報: 続きを見る
The Principles of Switching Power Conversion / Chapter 1:
DC-DC Converter Design and Magnetics / Chapter 2:
Off-line Converter Design and Magnetics / Chapter 3:
The Topology FAQ / Chapter 4:
Optimal Core Selection / Chapter 5:
Component Ratings, Stresses, Reliability and Life / Chapter 6:
Optimal Power Components Selection / Chapter 7:
Conduction and Switching Losses / Chapter 8:
Discovering New Topologies / Chapter 9:
Printed Circuit Board Layout / Chapter 10:
Thermal Management / Chapter 11:
Feedback Loop Analysis and Stability / Chapter 12:
Paralleling, Interleaving and Sharing / Chapter 13:
The Front-End of AC-DC Power Supplies / Chapter 14:
DM and CM Noise in Switching Power Supplies / Chapter 15:
Fixing EMI across the Board / Chapter 16:
Input Capacitor and Stability / Chapter 17:
The Math behind the Electromagnetic Puzzle / Chapter 18:
Solved Examples / Chapter 19:
The Principles of Switching Power Conversion / Chapter 1:
DC-DC Converter Design and Magnetics / Chapter 2:
Off-line Converter Design and Magnetics / Chapter 3:
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