close
1.

図書

図書
by László Kürti and Barbara Czakó ; [foreword by E.J. Corey] ; [introduction by K.C. Nicolaou]
出版情報: Amsterdam ; Tokyo : Elsevier, c2005  lii, 758 p. ; 28 cm
所蔵情報: loading…
目次情報: 続きを見る
Foreword / E.J. CoreyI:
Introduction / K.C. NicolaouII:
Preface / III:
Explanation of the Use of Colors in the Schemes and Text / IV:
List of Abbreviations / V:
List of Named Organic Reactions / VI:
Named Organic Reactions in Alphabetical Order / VII:
Appendix: Listing of the Named Reactions by Synthetic Type and by their Utility / VIII:
Brief explanation of the organization of this section / 8.1:
List of named reactions in chronological order of their discovery / 8.2:
Reaction categories - Categorization of named reactions in tabular format / 8.3:
Affected functional groups - Listing of transformations in tabular format / 8.4:
Preparation of functional groups - Listing of transformations in tabular format / 8.5:
References / IX:
Index / X:
Foreword / E.J. CoreyI:
Introduction / K.C. NicolaouII:
Preface / III:
2.

図書

図書
Laura Frost, Todd Deal, Karen C. Timberlake
出版情報: Upper Saddle River, NJ : Prentice Hall, c2011  xvi, 475 p. ; 28 cm
所蔵情報: loading…
3.

図書

図書
Caroline Cooper
出版情報: Boca Raton, Fla. : CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, c2011  xv, 268 p. ; 26 cm
所蔵情報: loading…
4.

図書

図書
Michael B. Smith, Jerry March
出版情報: Hoboken, N.J. : John Wiley & Sons, c2007  xx, 2357 p. ; 25 cm
所蔵情報: loading…
目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface
Biographical Note
Abbreviations
Localized Chemical Bonding / Part 1:
Delocalized Chemical Bonding / Chapter 2:
Bonding Weaker than Covalent / Chapter 3:
Stereochemistry / Chapter 4:
Carbocations, Carbanions, Free Radicals, Carbenes, and Nitrenes / Chapter 5:
Mechanisms and Methods of Determining Them / Chapter 6:
Irradiation Processes in Organic Chemistry / Chapter 7:
Acids and Bases / Chapter 8:
Effects of Structure on Reactivity / Chapter 9:
Aliphatic Substitution: Nucleophilic and Organometallic / Part 2:
Aromatic Substituion, Electrophilic / Chapter 11:
Aliphatic, Alkenyl, and Alkynyl Substitution, Electrophilic and Organometallic / Chapter 12:
Aromatic Substitution, Nucleophilic and Organometallic / Chapter 13:
Substitution Reactions: Free Radicals / Chapter 14:
Addition to Carbon-Carbon Multiple Bonds / Chapter 15:
Addition to Carbon-Hetero Multiple Bonds / Chapter 16:
Eliminations / Chapter 17:
Rearrangements / Chapter 18:
Oxidations and Reductions / Chapter 19:
The Literature of Organic Chemistry / Appendix A:
Classification of Reactions by Type of Compound Synthesized / Appendix B:
Indexes
Author Index
Subject Index
Preface
Biographical Note
Abbreviations
5.

図書

図書
edited by Bernd Plietker
出版情報: Weinheim : Wiley-VCH, c2008  xv, 279 p. ; 25 cm
所蔵情報: loading…
目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface
List of Contributors
Iron Complexes in Organic Chemistry / Ingmar Bauer ; Hans-Joachim Knolker1:
Introduction / 1.1:
General Aspects of Iron Complex Chemistry / 1.2:
Electronic Configuration, Oxidation States, Structures / 1.2.1:
Fundamental Reactions / 1.2.2:
Organoiron Complexes and Their Applications / 1.3:
Binary Carbonyl-Iron Complexes / 1.3.1:
Alkene-Iron Complexes / 1.3.2:
Allyl- and Trimethylenemethane-Iron Complexes / 1.3.3:
Acyl- and Carbene-Iron Complexes / 1.3.4:
Diene-Iron Complexes / 1.3.5:
Ferrocenes / 1.3.6:
Arene-Iron Complexes / 1.3.7:
Catalysis Using Iron Complexes / 1.4:
Iron Complexes as Substrates and/or Products in Catalytic Reactions / 1.4.1:
Iron Complexes as Ligands for Other Transition Metal Catalysts / 1.4.2:
Iron Complexes as Catalytically Active Species / 1.4.3:
References
Iron Catalysis in Biological and Biomimetic Reactions / 2:
Non-heme Iron Catalysts in Biological and Biomimetic Transformations / Jens Muller2.1:
Introduction: Iron in Biological Processes / 2.1.1:
Non-heme Iron Proteins / 2.1.2:
Mononuclear Iron Sites / 2.1.2.1:
Dinuclear Iron Sites / 2.1.2.2:
Summary / 2.1.3:
Organic Reactions Catalyzed by Heme Proteins / Martin Broring2.2:
Classification and General Reactivity Schemes of Heme Proteins Used in Organic Synthesis / 2.2.1:
Organic Reactions Catalyzed by Cytochromes P450 / 2.2.2:
Organic Reactions Catalyzed by Heme Peroxidases / 2.2.3:
Dehydrogenations ("Peroxidase Reactivity") / 2.2.3.1:
Sulfoxidations ("Peroxygenase Reactivity") / 2.2.3.2:
Peroxide Disproportionation ("Catalase Reactivity") / 2.2.3.3:
Halogenation ("Haloperoxidase Reactivity") / 2.2.3.4:
Epoxidations ("Monoxygenase Activity") / 2.2.3.5:
Iron-catalyzed Oxidation Reactions / 3:
Oxidations of C-H and C=C Bonds / Agathe Christine Mayer ; Carsten Bolm3.1:
Gif Chemistry / 3.1.1:
Alkene Epoxidation / 3.1.2:
Alkene Dihydroxylation / 3.1.3:
The Kharasch Reaction and Related Reactions / 3.1.4:
Aziridination and Diamination / 3.1.5:
Oxidative Allylic Oxygenation and Amination / Sabine Laschat ; Volker Rabe ; Angelika Baro3.2:
Iron-catalyzed Allylic Oxidations / 3.2.1:
Simple Iron Salts / 3.2.2.1:
Fe(III) Complexes with Bidentate Ligands / 3.2.2.2:
Fe[superscript 3+]/Fe[superscript 2+] Porphyrin and Phthalocyanine Complexes / 3.2.2.3:
Iron(III) Salen Complexes / 3.2.2.4:
Non-heme Iron Complexes with Tetra- and Pentadentate Ligands / 3.2.2.5:
Oxidative Allylic Aminations / 3.2.3:
Conclusion / 3.2.4:
Oxidation of Heteroatoms (N and S) / Olga Garcia Mancheno3.3:
Oxidation of Nitrogen Compounds / 3.3.1:
Oxidation of Hydroxylamines to Nitroso Compounds / 3.3.1.1:
Oxidation of Arylamines / 3.3.1.2:
Other N-Oxidations / 3.3.1.3:
Oxidation of Sulfur Compounds / 3.3.2:
Oxidation of Thiols to Disulfides / 3.3.2.1:
Oxidation of Sulfides / 3.3.2.2:
Oxidative Imination of Sulfur Compounds / 3.3.2.3:
Reduction of Unsaturated Compounds with Homogeneous Iron Catalysts / Stephan Enthaler ; Kathrin Junge ; Matthias Beller4:
Hydrogenation of Carbonyl Compounds / 4.1:
Hydrogenation of Carbon-Carbon Double Bonds / 4.3:
Hydrogenation of Imines and Similar Compounds / 4.4:
Catalytic Hydrosilylations / 4.5:
Iron-catalyzed Cross-coupling Reactions / Andreas Leitner4.6:
Cross-coupling Reactions of Alkenyl Electrophiles / 5.1:
Cross-coupling Reactions of Aryl Electrophiles / 5.3:
Cross-coupling Reactions of Alkyl Electrophiles / 5.4:
Cross-coupling Reactions of Acyl Electrophiles / 5.5:
Iron-catalyzed Carbometallation Reactions / 5.6:
Iron-catalyzed Aromatic Substitutions / Jette Kischel ; Kristin Mertins ; Irina Jovel ; Alexander Zapf5.7:
General Aspects / 6.1:
Electrophilic Aromatic Substitutions / 6.2:
Halogenation Reactions / 6.2.1:
Nitration Reactions / 6.2.2:
Sulfonylation Reactions / 6.2.3:
Friedel-Crafts Acylations / 6.2.4:
Friedel-Crafts Alkylations / 6.2.5:
Alkylation with Alcohols, Ethers and Esters / 6.2.5.1:
Alkylation with Alkenes / 6.2.5.2:
Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitutions / 6.3:
Iron-catalyzed Substitution Reactions / Bernd Plietker7:
Iron-catalyzed Nucleophilic Substitutions / 7.1:
Nucleophilic Substitutions of Non-activated C-X Bonds / 7.2.1:
Nucleophilic Substitutions Using Lewis Acidic Fe Catalysts / 7.2.1.1:
Substitutions Catalyzed by Ferrate Complexes / 7.2.1.3:
Nucleophilic Substitution of Allylic and Propargylic C-X Bonds / 7.2.2:
Reactions Catalyzed by Lewis Acidic Fe Salts / 7.2.2.1:
Nucleophilic Substitutions Involving Ferrates / 7.2.2.2:
Addition and Conjugate Addition Reactions to Carbonyl Compounds / Jens Christoffers ; Herbert Frey ; Anna Rosiak7.3:
Additions to Aldehydes and Ketones / 8.1:
Oxygen Nucleophiles / 8.2.1:
Carbon Nucleophiles / 8.2.2:
Additions to Imines and Iminium Ions / 8.3:
Additions to Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives / 8.4:
Conjugate Addition to [alpha],[beta]-Unsaturated Carbonyl Compounds / 8.4.1:
Michael Reactions / 8.5.1:
Vinylogous Michael Reactions / 8.5.1.2:
Asymmetric Michael Reactions / 8.5.1.3:
Michael Reactions in Ionic Liquids and Heterogeneous Catalysis / 8.5.1.4:
Nitrogen Nucleophiles / 8.5.2:
Synthesis of Heterocycles / 8.6:
Pyridine and Quinoline Derivatives / 8.6.1:
Pyrimidine and Pyrazine Derivatives / 8.6.2:
Benzo- and Dibenzopyrans / 8.6.3:
Iron-catalyzed Cycloadditions and Ring Expansion Reactions / Gerhard Hilt ; Judith Janikowski9:
Cycloisomerization and Alder-Ene Reaction / 9.1:
[2+1]-Cycloadditions / 9.3:
Iron-catalyzed Aziridine Formation / 9.3.1:
Iron-catalyzed Epoxide Formation / 9.3.2:
Iron-catalyzed Cyclopropane Formation / 9.3.3:
[2+2]-Cycloaddition / 9.4:
[4+1]-Cycloadditions / 9.5:
[4+2]-Cycloadditions / 9.6:
Diels-Alder Reactions with Normal Electron Demand / 9.6.1:
Diels-Alder Reactions with Neutral Electron Demand / 9.6.2:
Diels-Alder Reactions with Inverse Electron Demand / 9.6.3:
Cyclotrimerization / 9.7:
[3+2]-Cycloadditions / 9.8:
[3+3]-Cycloadditions / 9.9:
Ring Expansion Reactions / 9.10:
Index / 9.11:
Preface
List of Contributors
Iron Complexes in Organic Chemistry / Ingmar Bauer ; Hans-Joachim Knolker1:
6.

図書

図書
Francis A. Carey and Richard J. Sundberg
出版情報: New York : Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, c2000  xii, 823 p. ; 26 cm
シリーズ名: Advanced organic chemistry / Francis A. Carey and Richard J. Sundberg ; pt. A
所蔵情報: loading…
目次情報: 続きを見る
Chemical Bonding and Structure / Chapter 1.:
Valence Bond Description of Chemical Bonding / 1.1.:
Orbital Hybridization / 1.1.1.:
Resonance / 1.1.2.:
Bond Energy, Polarity, and Polarizability / 1.2.:
Bond Energies / 1.2.1.:
Electronegativity and Polarity / 1.2.2.:
Polarizability--Hardness and Softness / 1.2.3.:
Molecular Orbital Theory and Methods / 1.3.:
Huckel Molecular Orbital Theory / 1.4.:
Qualitative Application of Molecular Orbital Theory / 1.5.:
Application of Molecular Orbital Theory to Reactivity / 1.6.:
Interactions between [sigma] and [pi] Systems--Hyperconjugation / 1.7.:
Other Quantitative Descriptions of Molecular Structure / 1.8.:
Atoms in Molecules / 1.8.1.:
Electron Density Functionals / 1.8.2.:
Modern Valence Bond Approaches / 1.8.3.:
General References
Problems
Principles of Stereochemistry / Chapter 2.:
Enantiomeric Relationships / 2.1.:
Diastereomeric Relationships / 2.2.:
Stereochemistry of Reactions / 2.3.:
Prochiral Relationships / 2.4.:
Conformational, Steric, and Stereoelectronic Effects / Chapter 3.:
Strain and Molecular Mechanics / 3.1.:
Conformations of Acyclic Molecules / 3.2.:
Conformations of Cyclohexane Derivatives / 3.3.:
Carbocyclic Rings Other Than Six-Membered / 3.4.:
The Effect of Heteroatoms on Conformational Equilibria / 3.5.:
The Anomeric Effect / 3.6.:
Conformational Effects on Reactivity / 3.7.:
Angle Strain and Its Effect on Reactivity / 3.8.:
Relationships between Ring Size and Rate of Cyclization / 3.9.:
Torsional and Stereoelectronic Effects on Reactivity / 3.10.:
Study and Description of Organic Reaction Mechanismns / Chapter 4.:
Thermodynamic Data / 4.1.:
Kinetic Data / 4.2.:
Substituent Effects and Linear Free-Energy Relationships / 4.3.:
Basic Mechanistic Concepts: Kinetic versus Thermodynamic Control, Hammond's Postulate, the Curtin-Hammett Principle / 4.4.:
Kinetic versus Thermodynamic Control / 4.4.1.:
Hammond's Postulate / 4.4.2.:
The Curtin-Hammett Principle / 4.4.3.:
Isotope Effects / 4.5.:
Isotopes in Labeling Experiments / 4.6.:
Characterization of Reaction Intermediates / 4.7.:
Catalysis by Bronsted Acids and Bases / 4.8.:
Lewis Acid Catalysis / 4.9.:
Solvent Effects / 4.10.:
Substituent Effects in the Gas Phase / 4.11.:
Stereochemistry / 4.12.:
Conclusion / 4.13.:
Nucleophilic Substitution / Chapter 5.:
The Limiting Cases--Substitution by the Ionization (S[subscript N]1) Mechanism / 5.1.:
The Limiting Cases--Substitution by the Direct Displacement (S[subscript N]2) Mechanism / 5.2.:
Detailed Mechanistic Description and Borderline Mechanisms / 5.3.:
Carbocations / 5.4.:
Nucleophilicity and Solvent Effects / 5.5.:
Leaving-Group Effects / 5.6.:
Steric and Strain Effects on Substitution and Ionization Rates / 5.7.:
Effects of Conjugation on Reactivity / 5.8.:
Stereochemistry of Nucleophilic Substitution / 5.9.:
Neighboring-Group Participation / 5.10.:
Mechanism of Rearrangements of Carbocations / 5.11.:
The Norbornyl Cation and Other Nonclassical Carbocations / 5.12.:
Polar Addition and Elimination Reactions / Chapter 6.:
Addition of Hydrogen Halides to Alkenes / 6.1.:
Acid-Catalyzed Hydration and Related Addition Reactions / 6.2.:
Addition of Halogens / 6.3.:
Electrophilic Additions Involving Metal Ions / 6.4.:
Additions to Alkynes and Allenes / 6.5.:
The E2, E1, and E1cb Mechanisms / 6.6.:
Regiochemistry of Elimination Reactions / 6.7.:
Stereochemistry of E2 Elimination Reactions / 6.8.:
Dehydration of Alcohols / 6.9.:
Eliminations Not Involving C--H Bonds / 6.10.:
Carbanions and Other Nucleophilic Carbon Species / Chapter 7.:
Acidity of Hydrocarbons / 7.1.:
Carbanions Stabilized by Functional Groups / 7.2.:
Enols and Enamines / 7.3.:
Carbanions as Nucleophiles in S[subscript N]2 Reactions / 7.4.:
Reactions of Carbonyl Compounds / Chapter 8.:
Hydration and Addition of Alcohols to Aldehydes and Ketones / 8.1.:
Addition-Elimination Reactions of Ketones and Aldehydes / 8.2.:
Addition of Carbon Nucleophiles to Carbonyl Groups / 8.3.:
Reactivity of Carbonyl Compounds toward Addition / 8.4.:
Ester Hydrolysis / 8.5.:
Aminolysis of Esters / 8.6.:
Amide Hydrolysis / 8.7.:
Acylation of Nucleophilic Oxygen and nitrogen Groups / 8.8.:
Intramolecular Catalysis / 8.9.:
Aromaticity / Chapter 9.:
The Concept of Aromaticity / 9.1.:
The Annulenes / 9.2.:
Aromaticity in Charged Rings / 9.3.:
Homoaromaticity / 9.4.:
Fused-Ring Systems / 9.5.:
Heterocyclic Rings / 9.6.:
Aromatic Substitution / Chapter 10.:
Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution Reactions / 10.1.:
Structure-Reactivity Relationships / 10.2.:
Reactivity of Polycyclic and Heteroaromatic Compounds / 10.3.:
Specific Substitution Mechanisms / 10.4.:
Nitration / 10.4.1.:
Halogenation / 10.4.2.:
Protonation and Hydrogen Exchange / 10.4.3.:
Friedel-Crafts Alkylation and Related Reactions / 10.4.4.:
Friedel-Crafts Acylation and Related Reactions / 10.4.5.:
Coupling with Diazonium Compounds / 10.4.6.:
Substitution of Groups Other Than Hydrogen / 10.4.7.:
Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution by the Addition-Elimination Mechanism / 10.5.:
Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution by the Elimination-Addition Mechanism / 10.6.:
Concerted Pericyclic Reactions / Chapter 11.:
Electrocyclic Reactions / 11.1.:
Sigmatropic Rearrangements / 11.2.:
Cycloaddition Reactions / 11.3.:
Free-Radical Reactions / Chapter 12.:
Generation and Characterization of Free Radicals / 12.1.:
Background / 12.1.1.:
Stable and Persistent Free Radicals / 12.1.2.:
Direct Detection of Radical Intermediates / 12.1.3.:
Sources of Free Radicals / 12.1.4.:
Structural and Stereochemical Properties of Radical Intermediates / 12.1.5.:
Charged Radical Species / 12.1.6.:
Characteristics of Reaction Mechanisms Involving Radical Intermediates / 12.2.:
Kinetic Characteristics of Chain Reactions / 12.2.1.:
Free-Radical Substitution Reactions / 12.2.2.:
Oxidation / 12.3.1.:
Free-Radical Addition Reactions / 12.4.:
Addition of Hydrogen Halides / 12.4.1.:
Addition of Halomethanes / 12.4.2.:
Addition of Other Carbon Radicals / 12.4.3.:
Addition of Thiols and Thiocarboxylic Acids / 12.4.4.:
Halogen, Sulfur, and Selenium Group Transfer Reactions / 12.5.:
Intramolecular Free-Radical Reactions / 12.6.:
Rearrangement and Fragmentation Reactions of Free Radicals / 12.7.:
Rearrangement Reactions / 12.7.1.:
Fragmentation / 12.7.2.:
Electron-Transfer Reactions Involving Transition-Metal Ions / 12.8.:
S[subscript RN]1 Substitution Processes / 12.9.:
Photochemistry / Chapter 13.:
General Principles / 13.1.:
Orbital Symmetry Considerations Related to Photochemical Reactions / 13.2.:
Photochemistry of Carbonyl Compounds / 13.3.:
Photochemistry of Alkenes and Dienes / 13.4.:
Photochemistry of Aromatic Compounds / 13.5.:
References to Problems
Index
Chemical Bonding and Structure / Chapter 1.:
Valence Bond Description of Chemical Bonding / 1.1.:
Orbital Hybridization / 1.1.1.:
7.

図書

図書
L.G. Wade, Jr
出版情報: Upper Saddle River, N.J. ; Tokyo : Pearson Prentice Hall, c2010  xxviii, 1262, 7, 1, 12 p., [4] p. of plates ; 27 cm
所蔵情報: loading…
8.

図書

図書
Maitland Jones, Jr
出版情報: New York : W.W. Norton, c2005  xxxvi, 1323, 62 p. ; 27 cm.
所蔵情報: loading…
目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface
Introduction
Atoms and Molecules; Orbitals and Bonding / Chapter 1.:
Atoms and Atomic Orbitals / 1.1:
Covalent Bonds and Lewis Structures / 1.2:
Introduction to Resonance Forms / 1.3:
More on Atomic Orbitals / 1.4:
The Covalent Bond: Hydrogen (H[subscript 2]) / 1.5:
Bond Strength / 1.6:
An Introduction to Reactivity: Acids and Bases / 1.7:
Quantum Mechanics and Babies / 1.8:
Summary / 1.9:
Additional Problems / 1.10:
Alkanes / Chapter 2.:
The Structure of Methane (CH[subscript 4]) / 2.1:
Hybrid Orbitals: Making a Better Model for Methane / 2.2:
Derivatives of Methane: Methyl (CH[subscript 3]) and Methyl Compounds (CH[subscript 3]X) / 2.3:
The Methyl Cation ([superscript +]CH[subscript 3]), Anion ([superscript -]:CH[subscript 3]), and Radical (.CH[subscript 3]) / 2.4:
Ethane (C[subscript 2]H[subscript 6]), Ethyl Compounds (C[subscript 2]H[subscript 5]X), and Newman Projections / 2.5:
Structure Drawings / 2.6:
Propane (C[subscript 3]H[subscript 8]) and Propyl Compounds (C[subscript 3]H[subscript 7]X) / 2.7:
Butanes (C[subscript 4]H[subscript 10]), Butyl Compounds (C[subscript 4]H[subscript 9]X), and Conformational Analysis / 2.8:
Pentanes (C[subscript 5]H[subscript 12]) and Pentyl Compounds (C[subscript 5]H[subscript 11]X) / 2.9:
The Naming Conventions for Alkanes / 2.10:
Writing Isomers / 2.11:
Rings / 2.12:
Physical Properties of Alkanes and Cycloalkanes / 2.13:
[superscript 13]C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / 2.14:
Alkanes as Biomolecules / 2.15:
Alkenes and Alkynes / 2.16:
Alkenes: Structure and Bonding / 3.1:
Derivatives, Isomers, and Names of Alkenes / 3.2:
Nomenclature / 3.3:
The Cahn-Ingold-Prelog Priority System / 3.4:
Relative Stability of Alkenes: Heats of Formation / 3.5:
Double Bonds in Rings / 3.6:
Physical Properties of Alkenes / 3.7:
Alkynes: Structure and Bonding / 3.8:
Relative Stability of Alkynes: Heats of Formation / 3.9:
Derivatives and Isomers of Alkynes / 3.10:
Triple Bonds in Rings / 3.11:
Physical Properties of Alkynes / 3.12:
Acidity of Alkynes / 3.13:
Molecular Formulas and Degrees of Unsaturation / 3.14:
Alkenes and Biology / 3.15:
Stereochemistry / 3.16:
Chirality / 4.1:
Properties of Enantiomers: Physical Differences / 4.2:
The (R/S) Convention / 4.3:
The Physical Basis of Optical Activity / 4.4:
Properties of Enantiomers: Chemical Differences / 4.5:
Interconversion of Enantiomers by Mobile Equilibria: Gauche Butane / 4.6:
Diastereomers: Molecules Containing More Than One Stereogenic Atom / 4.7:
Physical Properties of Diastereomers: Optical Resolution / 4.8:
Determination of Absolute Configuration (R or S) / 4.9:
Stereochemical Analysis of Ring Compounds (a Beginning) / 4.10:
Review of Isomerism / 4.11:
Chirality without "Four Different Groups Attached to One Carbon" / 4.12:
Stereochemistry in the Real World: Thalidomide; The Consequences of Being Wrong-Handed / 4.13:
Rings and Strain / 4.14:
Quantitative Evaluation of Strain Energy / 5.2:
Stereochemistry of Cyclohexane: Conformational Analysis / 5.3:
Monosubstituted Cyclohexanes / 5.4:
Disubstituted Ring Compounds / 5.5:
Bicyclic Compounds / 5.6:
Polycyclic Systems / 5.7:
Adamantanes in Materials and Biology / 5.8:
Substitution and Elimination Reactions: The S[subscript N]2, S[subscript N]1, E2, and E1 Reactions / 5.9:
Alkyl Halides: Nomenclature and Structure / 6.1:
Reaction Mechanism: Br[o slash]nsted Acids and Bases / 6.2:
The Arrow Formalism / 6.3:
Lewis Acids and Bases / 6.4:
HOMO-LUMO Interactions / 6.5:
Reactions of Alkyl Halides: The Substitution Reaction / 6.6:
Substitution, Nucleophilic, Bimolecular: The S[subscript N]2 Reaction / 6.7:
The S[subscript N]2 Reaction in Biochemistry / 6.8:
Substitution, Nucleophilic, Unimolecular: The S[subscript N]1 Reaction / 6.9:
Overview of the S[subscript N]2 and S[subscript N]1 Reactions / 6.10:
The Unimolecular Elimination Reaction: E1 / 6.11:
The Bimolecular Elimination Reaction: E2 / 6.12:
What Can We Do with These Reactions? Synthetic Utility / 6.13:
Equilibria / 6.14:
Equilibrium / 7.1:
Gibbs Standard Free Energy Change / 7.2:
Rates of Chemical Reactions / 7.3:
Rate Constant / 7.4:
Energy Barriers in Chemical Reactions: The Transition State and Activation Energy / 7.5:
Reaction Mechanism / 7.6:
The Hammond Postulate: Thermodynamics versus Kinetics / 7.7:
Enzymes and Reaction Rates / 7.8:
Additions to Alkenes 1 / 7.9:
Electronegativity / 8.1:
Mechanism of the Addition of Hydrogen Halides to Alkenes / 8.2:
Regiochemistry / 8.3:
Resonance Effects / 8.4:
Review of Resonance: How to Write Resonance Forms / 8.5:
Resonance and the Stability of Carbocations / 8.6:
Inductive Effects on Addition Reactions / 8.7:
H--X Addition Reactions: Hydration / 8.8:
Dimerization and Polymerization of Alkenes / 8.9:
Hydroboration / 8.10:
Utility of Hydroboration: Alcohol Formation / 8.11:
Rearrangements During H--X Addition to Alkenes / 8.12:
Rearrangements in Biological Processes / 8.13:
Additions to Alkenes 2; Additions to Alkynes / 8.14:
Addition of X[subscript 2] Reagents / 9.1:
Hydration Through Mercury Compounds: Oxymercuration / 9.2:
Other Addition Reactions Involving Three-Membered Rings: Oxiranes and Cyclopropanes / 9.3:
Dipolar Addition Reactions / 9.4:
Addition Reactions of Alkynes: H--X Addition / 9.5:
Addition of X[subscript 2] Reagents to Alkynes / 9.6:
Hydration of Alkynes / 9.7:
Hydroboration of Alkynes / 9.8:
Hydrogenation of Alkynes: Syn Hydrogenation / 9.9:
Reduction by Sodium in Ammonia: Anti Hydrogenation / 9.10:
Three-membered Rings in Biochemistry / 9.11:
Radical Reactions / 9.12:
Formation and Simple Reactions of Radicals / 10.1:
Structure of Radicals / 10.2:
Stability of Radicals / 10.3:
Radical Addition to Alkenes / 10.4:
Other Radical Addition Reactions / 10.5:
Radical-Initiated Addition of HBr to Alkynes / 10.6:
Photohalogenation / 10.7:
Allylic Halogenation / 10.8:
Rearrangements (and Nonrearrangements) of Radicals / 10.9:
Radicals in Your Body: Do Free Radicals Age Us? / 10.10:
Dienes and the Allyl System; 2p Orbitals in Conjugation / 10.11:
Allenes: 1,2-Dienes / 11.1:
Related Systems: Ketenes and Cumulenes / 11.2:
Allenes as Intermediates in the Isomerization of Acetylenes / 11.3:
1,3-Dienes / 11.4:
The Physical Consequences of Conjugation / 11.5:
Molecular Orbitals and Ultraviolet Spectroscopy / 11.6:
Polyenes and Vision / 11.7:
The Chemical Consequences of Conjugation: Addition Reactions of Dienes / 11.8:
Thermodynamic and Kinetic Control of Addition Reactions / 11.9:
The Allyl System: Three Overlapping 2p Orbitals / 11.10:
The Allyl Cation: S[subscript N]1 Solvolysis of Allylic Halides / 11.11:
S[subscript N]2 Reactions of Allylic Halides / 11.12:
The Allyl Radical / 11.13:
The Allyl Anion / 11.14:
The Diels-Alder Reaction of Dienes / 11.15:
Biosynthesis of Terpenes / 11.16:
Steroid Biosynthesis / 11.17:
Conjugation and Aromaticity / 11.18:
The Structure of Benzene / 12.1:
A Resonance Picture of Benzene / 12.2:
The Molecular Orbital Picture of Benzene / 12.3:
Quantitative Evaluations of Resonance Stabilization (Delocalization Energy) in Benzene / 12.4:
A Generalization of Aromaticity: Huckel's 4n + 2 Rule / 12.5:
Annulenes / 12.6:
Substituted Benzenes / 12.7:
Physical Properties of Substituted Benzenes / 12.8:
Heterobenzenes and other Heterocyclic Aromatic Compounds / 12.9:
Polynuclear Aromatic Compounds / 12.10:
Introduction to the Chemistry of Benzene / 12.11:
The Benzyl Group and Its Reactivity: Activation of the Adjacent (Benzyl) Position by Benzene Rings / 12.12:
The Bio-downside: The Mechanism of Carcinogenesis by Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds / 12.13:
Substitution Reactions of Aromatic Compounds / 12.14:
Addition Reactions of Benzenes to Give Nonaromatic Compounds: Hydrogenation / 13.1:
Diels-Alder Reactions / 13.2:
Other Addition Reactions / 13.3:
Substitution Reactions of Benzene / 13.4:
Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution / 13.5:
The Friedel-Crafts Alkylation Reaction / 13.6:
Friedel-Crafts Acylation / 13.7:
Stable Carbocations in "Superacid" / 13.8:
Summary of Simple Aromatic Substitution: What We Can Do So Far / 13.9:
Disubstituted Benzenes: Ortho, Meta, and Para Substitution / 13.10:
Inductive Effects in Aromatic Substitution / 13.11:
Polysubstitution of Aromatic Compounds and Synthesis of Multiply Substituted Benzenes / 13.12:
Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution / 13.13:
Benzyne / 13.14:
Biological Synthesis of Aromatic Rings: Phenylalanine / 13.15:
Analytical Chemistry / 13.16:
Chromatography / 14.1:
Mass Spectrometry / 14.2:
Infrared Spectroscopy / 14.3:
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / 14.4:
Survey of NMR Spectra of Organic Molecules / 14.5:
Spin-Spin Coupling: The Coupling Constant, J / 14.6:
More Complicated Spectra / 14.7:
Decoupled Spectra / 14.8:
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra of Other Nuclei / 14.9:
Determination of the Structure of a Complex Biomolecule: Maitotoxin / 14.10:
Dynamic NMR / 14.11:
Carbonyl Chemistry 1: Addition Reactions / 14.12:
Structure of the Carbon-Oxygen Double Bond / 15.1:
Nomenclature of Carbonyl Compounds / 15.2:
Physical Properties of Carbonyl Compounds / 15.3:
Spectroscopy of Carbonyl Compounds / 15.4:
Reactions of Carbonyl Compounds: Simple Reversible Additions / 15.5:
Equilibrium in Addition Reactions / 15.6:
Other Addition Reactions: Additions of Cyanide and Bisulfite / 15.7:
Addition Reactions Followed by Water Loss: Acetal and Ketal Formation / 15.8:
Addition Reactions of Nitrogen Bases: Imine and Enamine Formation / 15.9:
Organometallic Reagents / 15.10:
Irreversible Addition Reactions / 15.11:
Oxidation of Alcohols to Carbonyl Compounds / 15.12:
The Wittig Reaction / 15.13:
Biological Oxidation / 15.14:
The Chemistry of Alcohols Summarized and Extended: Glycols, Ethers, and Related Sulfur Compounds / 15.15:
Structure of Alcohols / 16.1:
Physical Properties of Alcohols / 16.3:
Spectroscopic Properties of Alcohols / 16.4:
Acid and Base Properties of Alcohols / 16.5:
Reactions of Alcohols / 16.6:
Syntheses of Alcohols / 16.7:
Dialcohols: Diols or Glycols / 16.8:
Ethers / 16.9:
Syntheses of Ethers / 16.10:
Reactions of Ethers / 16.11:
Thiols (Mercaptans) and Thioethers (Sulfides) / 16.12:
Reactions and Syntheses of Thiols and Sulfides / 16.13:
Crown Ethers / 16.14:
Carbonyl Chemistry 2: Reactions at the [alpha]-Position / 16.15:
Aldehydes and Ketones Are Weak Bronsted Acids / 17.1:
Reactions of Enols and Enolates / 17.2:
Condensation Reactions of Carbonyl Compounds: The Aldol Condensation / 17.3:
Reactions Related to the Aldol Condensation / 17.4:
Problem Solving / 17.5:
Carbonyl Compounds without [alpha]-Hydrogens: Magid's Third Rule / 17.6:
The Aldol Condensation in the Real World: Introduction to Modern Synthesis / 17.7:
Carboxylic Acids / 17.8:
Nomenclature and Properties of Carboxylic Acids / 18.1:
Structure of Carboxylic Acids / 18.2:
Infrared and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra of Carboxylic Acids / 18.3:
Acidity and Basicity of Carboxylic Acids / 18.4:
Reactions of Carboxylic Acids / 18.5:
Reactivity of Carboxylic Acids at the [alpha]-Position / 18.6:
Syntheses of Carboxylic Acids / 18.7:
Fatty Acids / 18.8:
Derivatives of Carboxylic Acids: Acyl Compounds / 18.9:
Physical Properties and Structures of Acyl Compounds / 19.1:
Spectral Characteristics / 19.3:
Reactions of Acid Chlorides / 19.4:
Reactions of Anhydrides / 19.5:
Addition-Elimination Reactions of Esters / 19.6:
Reactions of Amides / 19.7:
Reactions of Nitriles / 19.8:
Reactions of Ketenes / 19.9:
Enolate Chemistry of Esters: The Claisen and Related Condensation Reactions / 19.10:
Variations on the Claisen Condensation / 19.11:
Forward and Reverse Claisen Condensations in Biology / 19.12:
Reactions of [beta]-Keto Esters / 19.13:
Complicated "Fun in Base" Problems / 19.14:
New Synthetic Routes to Acyl Compounds / 19.15:
Thermal Elimination Reactions of Esters / 19.16:
Introduction to the Chemistry of Nitrogen-Containing Compounds: Amines / 19.17:
Structure and Physical Properties of Amines / 20.1:
Spectroscopic Properties of Amines / 20.3:
Acid and Base Properties of Amines / 20.4:
Reactions of Amines / 20.5:
Syntheses of Amines / 20.6:
Alkaloids / 20.7:
Synthesis of Quinine / 20.8:
Phase-Transfer Catalysis: Ammonium Ions in Synthesis / 20.9:
Aromatic Transition States: Orbital Symmetry / 20.10:
Concerted Reactions / 21.1:
Electrocyclic Reactions / 21.2:
Cycloaddition Reactions / 21.3:
Sigmatropic Shift Reactions / 21.4:
Sigmatropic Shifts of Carbon / 21.5:
Other Sigmatropic Shifts / 21.6:
A Biological Cope Rearrangement / 21.7:
A Molecule with a Fluxional Structure / 21.8:
Introduction to Polyfunctional Compounds: Intramolecular Reactions and Neighboring Group Participation / 21.9:
Heteroatoms as Neighboring Groups / 22.1:
Neighboring [pi] Systems / 22.2:
Single Bonds as Neighboring Groups / 22.3:
Coates' Cation / 22.4:
A Family of Concerted Rearrangements of Acyl Compounds / 22.5:
Polyfunctional Natural Products: Carbohydrates / 22.6:
Nomenclature and Structure / 23.1:
Reactions of Sugars / 23.2:
The Ring Size in Glucose / 23.3:
The Fischer Determination of the Structure of D-Glucose (and the 15 Other Aldohexoses) / 23.4:
An Introduction to Di- and Polysaccharides / 23.5:
Introduction to the Chemistry of Heterocyclic Molecules / 23.6:
Three-Membered Heterocycles: Oxiranes (Epoxides), Thiiranes (Episulfides), and Aziridines / 24.1:
Four-Membered Heterocycles: Oxetanes, Thietanes, and Azetidines / 24.2:
Five- and Six-Membered Heterocycles / 24.3:
Nonaromatic Heterocycles Containing More Than One Heteroatom / 24.4:
Nitrogen-Containing Aromatic Heterocyclic Compounds / 24.5:
Other Aromatic Heterocycles: Furan and Thiophene / 24.6:
Aromatic Heterocycles Containing More Than One Heteroatom / 24.7:
Two-Ring Heterocycles / 24.8:
Bioactive Heterocycles: Penicillin and Related Antibiotics / 24.9:
Introduction to Amino Acids and Polyamino Acids (Peptides and Proteins) / 24.10:
Amino Acids / 25.1:
Reactions of Amino Acids / 25.2:
Peptide Chemistry / 25.3:
Nucleosides, Nucleotides, and Nucleic Acids / 25.4:
Key Terms / 25.5:
Some Commonly Used Abbreviations
Index
Preface
Introduction
Atoms and Molecules; Orbitals and Bonding / Chapter 1.:
9.

図書

図書
by Fritz Feigl in collaboration with Vinzenz Anger ; translated by Ralph E. Oesper
出版情報: Amsterdam ; New York : Elsevier Pub. Co., 1966  xxiii, 772 p. ; 23 cm
所蔵情報: loading…
10.

図書

図書
Stuart J. Baum
出版情報: New York : Macmillan , London : Collier Macmillan, c1987  xv, 526 p. ; 25 cm
所蔵情報: loading…
文献の複写および貸借の依頼を行う
 文献複写・貸借依頼