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東工大
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Tatsuo Ohmachi, Emerlinda R. Roman, editors
出版情報: [Quezon City] : University of the Philippines Press, 2002  xii, 388 p. ; 24 cm.
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Acknowledgments
Preface
1- Introduction
   1.1 Ending the Cycle of Environmental Deterioration Tatsuo Ohmachi 3
   1.2 Necessities of Simulation and Policy Impact Analysis Kenji Doi and Hussein S. Lidasan 10
2- Political Economy of Environmental Issues
   2.1 Introduction Hiromu Shimizu 19
   2.2 Weak State and Strong Civil Society: Politics of the Clean Air Act Yutaka Katayama 21
   2.3 Building Bridges: Poverty, Customs and Environmental Politics Toru Nakanishi 38
   2.4 Housing Policies and Development in Asian Cities: Singapore, Hong Kong, Bangkok and Metro Manila Yoshiyuki Osakaya 48
3- Macro Simulation of Socioeconomies and the Environment: A Comprehensive Approach
   3.1 Introduction Kenji Doi 59
   3.2 Migration and Environmental Issues in Economic Development Toru Nakanishi 61
   3.3 Structural Analysis of Regional Economics of Metro Manila Based on the Interregional IO Table Francisco T. Secretario, Kwangmun Kim, Kenji Doi and Wataru Morishima 70
   3.4 Analysis of Energy Consumption and Environmental Burdens by an Interregional IO Table Yohji Uchiyama, Kazuhiko Nishimura and Kei Kawashima 87
   3.5 Utilizing IRIO in Interregional Transportation Policy: Methodology and Case Study in Japan Shoshi Mizokami 98
   3.6 Forecasting the Interaction System Between Urban Expansion and Motorization Masanobu Kii and Kenji Doi 112
4- Simulation of Environmental Rehabilitation in Highly Polluted Areas
   4.1 Introduction Tetsuo Yai 133
   4.2 Outline of Microscopic Road Traffic Simulation Tetsuo Yai and Karl N. Vergel 135
   4.3 Observation and Analysis of SPM Concentration in Makati Seiji Iwakura 149
   4.4 Local Wind System and 3D Dispersion of Polluted Air in Metro Manila Manabu Kanda 156
5- Simulation for Green Metropolis Rehabilitation
   5.1 Introduction Kazuhiko Takeuchi 171
   5.2 Trends in Spatial Extension and Land-Use Mixture in Metro Manila Akinobu Murakami, Kazuhiko Takeuchi, Atsushi Tsunekawa and Alinda M. Zain 174
   5.3 Distribution and Structure of Urban Green Spaces in Metro Manila Noriko Moriwake, Armando Palijon and Kazuhiko Takeuchi 185
   5.4 Carbon Circulation and Functions for the Development of Urban Green Spaces in Metro Manila Kaori Ono, Ai Meguro and Kenji Iiyama 199
   5.5 Southeast Asian High-Density Habitation and the Formation of a Comfortable Outdoor Thermal Environment Akira Hoyano, Seonghwan Yoon and Akinaru Iino 210
   5.6 Toward Creating a "Sustainable City" Akira Hoyano, Akinaru Iino and Seonghwan Yoon 222
6- A Scheme of Environmental Improvement by Recycling Organic Matter Between Urban and Rural Areas
   6.1 Introduction Tadaharu Ishikawa 241
   6.2 Basic Viewpoints for the Rehabilitation of Water Environment Tadaharu Ishikawa, Toru Nakanishi and Xin Qian 243
   6.3 Water-Related Problems in Urban Areas Tadaharu Ishikawa and Ken Ushijima 252
   6.4 Framework for Recycling Organic Waste Kenta Shinozawa, Ken Ushijima and Tetsuo Shimizu 267
   6.5 Circulation of Organic Matter Between Metro Manila and Pampanga Lahar-Affected Areas in Pinatubo Makiko Watanabe, Masao Yoshida and Hiroyuki Ohta 281
   6.6 Transport of Compost Tadaharu Ishikawa, Makiko Watanabe and Toru Nakanishi 294
7- Reduction of Risk of Natural Disaster in a Developing Urban Area
   7.1 Expansion of Damage Potential Area Due to Urban Sprawling Saburoh Midorikawa and Bartolome C. Bautista 301
   7.2 Estimation of Seismic Risk in Metro Manila Hiroaki Yamanaka, Saburoh Midorikawa, Yoshihiro Kinugasa, Bartolome C. Bautista and Rolly E. Rimando 308
   7.3 Estimation of Disaster Due to Strong Wind Tetsuro Tamura, Makoto Tsubokura, Shuyang Cao and Osamu Ohno 327
Appendices
   Panel Discussion 349
   Project Team Leaders and Members 373
   List of Contributors 379
Index 381
Acknowledgments
Preface
1- Introduction
2.

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Mitsumasa Iwamoto, Wu Chen-Xu
出版情報: Singapore, New York : World Scientific Publishing, c2001  x, 205 p. ; 23 cm
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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
   1.1 Monolayer Structure and Monolayer Properties 2
   1.2 Surface Pressure/Area Isotherm 3
   1.3 Maxwell Displacement Current Measurement Technique 3
   1.4 Molecular Dynamics of Monolayer Films 5
   1.4.1 Orientational Orders in Two-dimensional Systems 5
   1.4.2 Interactions 8
   1.4.3 State Equation and Piezoelectric Effect 8
   14.4 Dielectric Constant 9
   1.4.5 Phase Transition and Critical Phenomena 9
   1.4.6 Dielectric Relaxation Phenomena 10
   1.4.7 Pattern Formation 10
   1.4.8 Optical Activity and Nonlinear Effect 11
   1.4.9 Thermally Stimulated Phenomena 13
   1.4.10 Electronic Properties at MIM Interfaces 14
   References 17
CHAPTER 2 POLARIZATION AND DIELECTRIC CONSTANT FOR 2D MEDIA 22
   2.1 Polarization 22
   2.2 Spontaneous Polarization 22
   2.3 First Order Polarization and Dielectric Constant 23
   2.3.1 Dielectric Anisotropy of Organic Monolayers 25
   2.3.2 Dielectric Contribution by Molecular Orientation 28
   2.3.3 Dielectric Constant 29
   2.4 Nonlinear Polarization 31
   2.5 Summary 34
   References 35
CHAPTER 3 MAXWELL DISPLACEMENT CURRENT METHOD 37
   3.1 Maxwell Displacement Curent 37
   3.2 Maxwell Displacement Curent by Monolayer Compression 38
   3.3 MDC Generated across Organic Monolayers Consisting of Molecules with Dielectric Anisotropy 40
   3.3.1 Molecular Structures and Experimental Results 41
   3.3.2 Molecule-surface Interaction 44
   3.3.3 Orientational Order Parameter for Biaxial Molecules 46
   3.3.4 Comparison between the Two Directions 49
   3.3.5 Simulation 55
   3.4 Phase Transition of Chiral Phospholipid Monolayers by Maxwell Displacement Current Measurement 57
   3.4.1 Maxwell Displacement Current of Chiral Phospholipid Monolayers 57
   3.4.2 Symmetry of MDC Generation Influenced by Chirality in Mixed Phospholipid Monolayers 60
   3.5 Maxwell Displacement Current by Photoirradiation 61
   3.6 Evaluation of Liquid Crystal Alignment Using MDC Technique 65
   3.7 Summary 74
   References 75
CHAPTER 4 MONOLAYERS VIEWED AS POLAR LIQUID CRYSTALS 78
   4.1 Model and Internal Electric Fields 79
   4.2 Polar Orientational Phase Transition in Smectic Monolayers 81
   4.3 Change of Orientational Order Parameter at the Critical Point 85
   4.3.1 Orientational Order Parameter 85
   4.3.2 Normal-director Smectic Phase (A/A0>ac) 86
   4.3.3 Tilted-director Smectic Phase (A/A0<ac) 87
   4.4 Dielectric Properties Influenced by the Orientational Phase Transition 88
   4.4.1 Orientational Order Parameter S1 89
   4.4.2 Dielectric Constant 89
   4.5 Summary 92
   References 93
CHAPTER 5 DIELECTRIC RELAXATION PHENOMENA 95
   5.1 Rotational Debye Brownian Motion Model 96
   5.1.1 Dielectric Relaxation Equation for Monolayer Films 98
   5.1.2 Dielectric Realxation Time 100
   5.1.3 Equivalent Circuit for Transient Relaxation Process 101
   5.2 Relaxation Process at an Air-water Interface 102
   5.2.1 Mean-field Approximation 102
   5.2.2 Closed Packing and Molecule-surface Interaction 105
   5.2.3 Relaxation Experiment of Monolayer Compression 107
   5.2.4 Interaction Coefficient 109
   5.3 Determination of Dielectric Relaxation Time 112
   5.4 Summary 114
   References 115
CHAPTER 6 CHIRAL PHASE SEPARATION 117
   6.1 Elastic Energy and Bragg-Williams Mixing Energy 118
   6.2 Chiral Phase Separation 120
   6.2.1 One-dimensional Periodical Solution 120
   6.2.2 One-dimensional Chiral Phase Separation 125
   6.3 Discrete One-dimensional CPS Solution 126
   6.3.1 One-dimensional General Solution 126
   6.3.2 One-dimensional Discrete Pattern 127
   6.3.3 Line Tension 128
   6.3.4 Pattern Formation 129
   6.4 Summary 131
   6.5 Appendix 132
   References 138
CHAPTER 7 NONLINEAR EFFECTS 140
   7.1 SOS in Orientational Order Parameters for C∞ Monolayers 142
   7.2 Chirality Representation 144
   7.3 SHG-CD Effect 145
   7.4 SHG-MDC Measuring System 145
   7.5 Quantum Mechanical Analysis of Photoisomerization 150
   7.6 Summary 153
   References 154
CHAPTER 8 THERMALLY-STIMULATED CURRENT 156
   8.1 Thermally-stimulated Current 156
   8.2 Depolarization due to Thermal Stimulation 158
   8.2.1 Liquid Phase 159
   8.2.2 Liquid-crystalline Phase 160
   8.3 TSC Experiment 163
   8.4 Phase Transition 163
   8.5 Thermodynamics Approach to Monolayers 165
   8.6 Summary 166
   References 167
CHAPTER 9 ELECTRONIC PROPERTIES AT MIM INTERFACES 168
   9.1 Tunneling Current and Electronic Device Applications 168
   9.2 Nanometric Interfacial Electrostatic Phenomena in Ultrathin Films 171
   9.2.1 Electrically Insulating Ultrathin Films 172
   9.2.2 Semiconductor Films 180
   9.3 I-V Characteristic 186
   9.3.1 PI LB Films 186
   9.3.2 Semiconductor Films 192
   9.4 Summary 196
   References 197
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
   1.1 Monolayer Structure and Monolayer Properties 2
   1.2 Surface Pressure/Area Isotherm 3
3.

図書

東工大
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図書
東工大
目次DB
Takaaki Tsurumi ... [et al.]
出版情報: Boca Raton [Fla.] : CRC Press, c2010  xii, 267 p., [8] p. of plates ; 25 cm
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Preface vii
Acknowledgments ix
Authors xi
Chapter 1 Fundamentals of quantum mechanics and band structure 1
   1.1 Fundamentals of quantum mechanics 1
    1.1.1 Probability amplitude and interference effects 1
    1.1.2 Uncertainty principle 5
    1.1.3 Wave functions 7
    1.1.4 Operators 8
    1.1.5 Eigenvalue and expected value 10
    1.1.6 Expansion theorem 10
    1.1.7 Schroedinger equation 11
    1.1.8 Principle of superposition 13
    1.1.9 Examples of solutions of the Schroedinger equation 14
     1.1.9.1 Electron in a one-dimensional (1D) box 14
     1.1.9.2 Harmonic oscillator 15
     1.1.9.3 Hydrogen atom 16
    1.1.10 Matrix mechanics and bra-ket (Dirac) notation 18
    1.1.11 Comparison of the Heisenberg and Schroedinger approaches to quantum mechanics 20
    1.1.12 Perturbation theory 22
   1.2 Electronic band structure of solids 27
    1.2.1 Free electron Fermi gas 27
    1.2.2 Nearly free electron model (DOS) 31
    1.2.3 Bloch function 33
    1.2.4 Kroenig-Penny model 33
    1.2.5 Tight binding model 35
    1.2.6 Phase velocity, group velocity, and effective mass 37
    1.2.7 Reciprocal lattice and the Brillouin zone 40
    1.2.8 Energy band structure of silicon (Si) 44
    1.2.9 Tight binding approximation for calculating the band structure of graphene 45
    1.2.10 Electron correlation 51
     1.2.10.1 Hartree-Fock approximation 51
     1.2.10.2 Density functional method 54
   1.3 Material properties with respect to characteristic size in nanostructures 56
   Problems 60
   References 60
Chapter 2 Electronic states and electrical properties of nanoscale materials 63
   2.1 Outline 63
   2.2 Low dimensionality and energy spectrum 64
    2.2.1 Space for electrons in materials 64
    2.2.2 Electron DOS of 3D materials with macroscopic dimensions 65
    2.2.3 Electron DOS in 2D materials (nanosheets) 67
    2.2.4 Electron DOS in lD materials (nanowires) 72
    2.2.5 Quantized conductance in 1D nanowire systems 74
    2.2.6 Electron DOS in 0D materials (nanodots) 77
   2.3 Quantization 79
    2.3.1 2D square wells 80
    2.3.2 2D cylindrical wells 83
    2.3.3 Shape effect on the quantized states 85
    2.3.4 Finite potential wells 87
    2.3.5 Band dispersion effect 93
   2.4 Edge (surface)-localized states 96
   2.5 Charging effect 100
   2.6 Tunneling phenomena 103
   2.7 Limiting factors for size effects 111
    2.7.1 Thermal fluctuation 111
    2.7.2 Lifetime broadening effect 113
   2.8 Electronically induced stable nanostructures 115
    2.8.1 Magic numbers in clusters 116
    2.8.2 Electronic growth 119
   Problems 122
   References 123
Chapter 3 Optical properties and interactions of nanoscale materials 125
   3.1 Size-dependent optical properties: Absorption and emission 125
    3.1.1 Basic quantum mechanics of linear optical transitions 126
    3.1.2 General concept of excitons 133
    3.1.3 Wannier excitons 135
    3.1.4 Size effects in high-dielectric-constant materials 136
    3.1.5 Size effects in π-conjugated systems 140
    3.1.6 Strongly interacting π-conjugated systems: A molecular dimer 144
    3.1.7 Molecular Frenkel exciton 149
    3.1.8 Size effects in molecular excitons: Coherence length and cooperative phenomena 153
    3.1.9 Effects of finite number of optical electrons 157
   3.2 Size-dependent optical properties: Absorption and scattering 158
    3.2.1 Basic theory of light scattering 160
    3.2.2 Size-dependent scattering from dielectric spheres: Mie solutions 164
    3.2.3 Optical properties of metal nanoparticles: Plasmonics 169
    3.2.4 Local field enhancement and surface-enhanced Raman scattering 176
   3.3 Size-dependent electromagnetic interactions: Particle-particle 179
    3.3.1 Radiative energy transfer 179
    3.3.2 Foerster resonant energy transfer (FRET) 180
    3.3.3 Electron-exchange (Dexter) energy transfer 187
    3.3.4 Photo-induced electron transfer 190
   3.4 Size-dependent interactions: Particle-light interactions in finite geometries 191
    3.4.1 Optical interactions in microcavities 191
    3.4.2 Effects of dielectric interfaces 198
   Problems 201
   References 204
Chapter 4 Magnetic and magnetotransport properties of nanoscale materials 207
   4.1 Fundamentals of magnetism 207
    4.1.1 Magnetic ions and magnetic ordering 207
    4.1.2 Exchange interaction 208
    4.1.3 Mean field theory of ferromagnetism 211
   4.2 Size and surface effects in 3D confined systems 213
    4.2.1 Quantization of electronic structures and the Kubo effect 214
    4.2.2 Surface magnetism of transition noble metals 220
   4.3 Ferromagnetic domain-wall-related phenomena 229
    4.3.1 Macroscopic quantum tunneling in magnetic nanostructures 229
    4.3.2 Electron scattering at domain walls: Quantum coherence 233
    4.3.3 Spin current and spin transfer torque-current-induced domain wall motion 235
   4.4 Spin transport in magnetic nanostructures: Magnetic interface effect 240
    4.4.1 GMR and TMR effect: Spin-dependent scattering in multilayers and tunneling junctions 240
    4.4.2 Spin accumulation and current-perpendicular-to-plane (CPP) GMR: Spin diffusion length 245
    4.4.3 Spin Hall effect: Side jump and skew scattering due to spin-orbit coupling 249
   Problems 253
   References 253
Index 257
Preface vii
Acknowledgments ix
Authors xi
4.

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図書
editors, Nikos Hadjichristidis ... [et al.]
出版情報: Singapore : John Wiley & Sons, 2011  xxiii, 832 p. ; 25 cm
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List of Contributors
Preface
About the Editors
Synthesis / Part 1:
Cyclic and Multicyclic Topological Polymers / Takuya Yamamoto ; Yasuyuki Tezuka1:
Ultrarapid Approaches to Mild Macromolecular Conjugation / Andrew J. Inglis ; Christopher Barner-Kowollik2:
Synthesis and Self-Assembly of Hydrogen-Bonded Supramolecular Polymers / Wolfgang H. Binder ; Claudia Enders ; Florian Herbst ; Katharina Hackethal3:
Recent Synthetic Developments in Miktoarm Star Polymers with More than Three Different Arms / Akira Hirao ; Mayumi Hayashi ; Tomoya Higashihara ; Nikos Hadjichristidis4:
Precise Synthesis of Dendrimer-Like Star-Branched Polymers, a New Class of Well-Defined Hyperbranched Polymers / Hee-Soo Yoo5:
Arborescent Polymers with a Mesoscopic Scale / Toufic Nabil Aridi ; Mario Gauthier6:
Hyperbranched Glyco-Conjugated Polymers / Toshifumi Satoh ; Toyoji Kakuchi7:
Highly Branched Functional Polymer Architectures by Click-Chemistry Strategies / Mieke Lammens ; Filip Du Prez8:
Living Alkene Polymerization for Polyolefin Architectures / Amelia M. Anderson-Wile ; Joseph B. Edson ; Geoffrey W. Coates9:
Precision Polyolefins / Erik B. Berda ; Kenneth B. Wagener10:
Polyhomologation: The Living Polymerization of Ylides / Jun Luo ; Kenneth J. Shea11:
Phenylenevinylene Homopolymers and Block Copolymers via Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization / Chin-Yang Yu ; Michael L. Turner12:
Block Copolymers Containing Rod Segments / Mitsuru Ueda13:
Synthesis of Well-Defined Poly(meth)acrylamides with Varied Stereoregularity by Living Anionic Polymerization / Takashi Ishizone14:
Complex Macromolecular Chimeras / Hermis Iatrou ; Marinos Pitsikalis ; Georgios Sakellariouand Nikos Hadjichristidis15:
Characterization And Self-Assembly / Part 2:
Self-Assembly and Applications of Polyferrocenylsilane Block Copolymers / George R. Whittell ; Jessica Gwyther ; David A. Rider ; Ian Manners16:
Functional Polymeric Nanostructures Prepared by Self-Assembly and Beyond / Rachel K. O'Reilly17:
Morphologies of Block and Star-Branched Polymers with Three Components / Hirokazu Hasegawa18:
Morphologies and Photophysical Properties of Conjugated Rod-Coil Block Copolymers / Chi-Ching Kuo ; Cheng-Liang Liu ; Wen-Chang Chen19:
Bulk Self-Assembly of Linear Hybrid Polypeptide-Based Diblock and Triblock Copolymers / Sebastien Lecommandoux20:
AFM Study of Comb (Co)Polymers with Complex Chain Architecture / Michel Schappacher ; Alain Deffieux)21:
Tunable Thermoresponsive Polymers by Molecular Design / Richard Hoogenboom22:
Fluorine-Containing Block Copolymers: Synthesis and Application as a Template for Nanocellular and Porous Structures Using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide / Hideaki Yokoyama ; Kenji Sugiyama23:
Architectural Polymers, Nanostructures, and Hierarchical Structures from Block Copolymers / Ian Wyman ; Guojun Liu24:
Block Copolymer Nanostructured Thin Films for Advanced Patterning / Michelle A. Chavis ; Evan L. Schwartz ; Christopher K. Ober25:
Ring Polymers: Effective Isolation and Unique Properties / Haskell W. Beckham26:
Acknowledgments
References
Index.
List of Contributors
Preface
About the Editors
5.

図書

図書
edited by Yasuyuki Tezuka
出版情報: Singapore ; New Jersey : World Scientific, c2013  xi, 352 p. ; 24 cm
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6.

図書

図書
edited by J. O'M. Bockris and B.E. Conway
出版情報: London : Butterworths , New York : Plenum Press, 1964-  v. ; 22 cm
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Applications of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy to Hydrogen Adsorption, Evolution and Absorption into Metals / A. Lasia1:
Electroless Deposition of Metals / D. Djokic2:
Towards a Computational Electrochemistry - a Kineticist's Perspective / L.K. Bieniasz3:
Thermodynamic and Transport Properties of Bridging Electrolyte - Water Systems / M.A. Abraham ; M.-C. Abraham4:
Factors Limiting Applications of the Historically Significant Born Equation: A Critical Review / B.E. Conway5:
References
Nanoparticle Surfaces Studied by Electrochemical NMR / P. K. Babu ; E. Oldfield ; A. WieckowskiChapter 1:
Introduction / I.:
Experimental / II.:
Results and Discussion / III.:
Selected Topics in [superscript 195]Pt-NMR / 1.:
Other Pt Nanoparticles (Unsupported and Supported) / 2.:
Correlation Between the [superscript 195]Pt NMR Shift and Adsorbates Electronegativity / 3.:
Spatially-Resolved Oscillation of the E[subscript f]-LDOS in a Pt Catalyst / 4.:
[superscript 13]C NMR at the Electrochemical Interface / IV.:
[superscript 13]C NMR Knight Shift
EC-NMR Under Potential Control
Correlation of NMR to FTIR Data
Correlation Between Clean Surface E[subscript f]-LDOS of Metals and the Adsorbate Knight Shift
NMR Comparison of CO Adsorbed on Pt-Black from Different Sources / 5.:
Effect of Surface Charge on the Chemisorption Bond: CO Chemisorption on Pd / 6.:
Pt Electrodes Modified by Ruthenium: A Study in Tolerance / 7.:
EC-NMR of Pt/Ru Alloy Nanoparticles / 8.:
Summary and Conclusions / V.:
Appendix
Ab Initio Quantum-Chemical Calculations in Electrochemistry / Marc T. M. KoperChapter 2:
Ab Initio Quantum Chemistry
General Aspects of Quantum Chemistry and Electronic Structure Calculations
Wave-Function-Based Methods
Density Functional Theory Methods
Basis Sets and Effective Potentials
Structure, Energetics, and Vibrational Frequencies
Methods of Analysis
Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics
Selected Applications
Clusters and Slabs
How to Model the Electrode Potential
Chemisorption of Halogens and Halides
Chemisorption of Carbon Monoxide on Metals and Alloys
Field Dependent Chemisorption and the Interfacial Stark Effect: General Relationships
Field-Dependent Chemisorption of Carbon Monoxide
Chemisorption of Water and Water Dissociation Products
Ab Initio Approaches to Modeling Electrode Reactions
Outlook
Macroscopic and Molecular Models of Adsorption Phenomena on Electrode Surfaces / P. NikitasChapter 3:
Features of Electrosorption and Factors Affecting Them
Macroscopic Models
PC Approach
STE Approach
Molecular Models
Guidealli's Approach
Models Based on the LBS Approach
Complicated Adsorption Phenomena
Co-Adsorption and Reorientation
Polylayer Formation
Surface Segregation
Phase Transitions
Polarization Catastrophe and Other Artifacts / VI.:
The Role of the Metal Electrode--The Case of Solid Electrodes / VII.:
Computer Simulation / VIII.:
Conclusions / IX.:
Electrochemical Promotion of Catalysis / Gyorgy Foti ; Ivan Bolzonella ; Christos ComninellisChapter 4:
The Phenomenon of Electrochemical Promotion
Description of a Typical Electrochemical Promotion Experiment
The Mechanism of Electrochemical Promotion
Promotional Transients
Fundamental Studies of Electrochemical Promotion
Catalytic Model Systems
Experimental Aspects
Electrochemical Characterization of the Single-Pellet Cell
Cyclic Voltammetry
Fast-Galvanostatic Transients
Permanent Electrochemical Promotion
Electrochemical Activation of a Catalyst
Electrochemical Promotion and Catalyst-Support Interactions
Work Function Measurements / 9.:
Cell Development for Electrochemical Promotion
Bipolar Con guration for Electrochemical Promotion
Ring-Shaped Electrochemical Cell
Multiple-Channel Electrochemical Cell
Perspectives
Mechanisms of Lithium Transport Through Transition Metal Oxides and Carbonaceous Materials / Heon-Cheol Shin ; Su-Il PyunChapter 5:
Bird's Eye View of the Models for Current Transients in Lithium Intercalation Systems: Diffusion Controlled Lithium Transport
The Geometry of the Electrode Surface
The Growth of a New Phase in the Electrode
The Electric Field in the Electrode
General Perspective on Current Transients from Transition Metal Oxides and Graphite
Non-Cottrell behavior throughout the Lithium Intercalation/Deintercalation
Intersection of Anodic and Cathodic Current Transients
(Quasi-)Current Plateau
Depression of the Initial Current Value
Physical Origin of the Current Transients
Linear Relation Between Current and Electrode Potential
Comparison of Cell Resistances Determined by the Current Transient Technique and by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy
Theoretical Description of Cell-Impedance Controlled Lithium Transport
Governing Equation and Boundary Condition
Calculation Procedure of the Cell-Impedance Controlled Current Transients
Theoretical Current Transients and their Comparison with Experimental Current Transients
Some Model Parameters Affecting the Shape and Magnitude of the Cell-Impedance Controlled Current Transients
Concluding Remarks
Index
The Potential of Zero Charge / S. Trasatti ; E. Lust
Introductory Concepts / I:
Analysis of the Experimental Data / II:
Nonequilibrium Fluctuations in Corrosion Process / R. AogakiIV:
Active, Passive and Transpassive States of Metals
Nonequilibrum Fluctuations in Corrosion
Conclusion
Conducting Polymers, Electrochemistry and Biomimicking Processes / T. Fernandez Otero
Electropolymerization of Conducting polymers
Electrochemical versus Chemical Polymerization of Conducting Polymers
Selfdoped Polymers, Polymeric Composites and Hybrid Materials
Physical Properties of Dry Conducting Polymers
Electrochemical Properties / VI:
Electrochemistry and Electrode Structures / VII:
Experimental Chronoamperograms and Chronocoulograms Under Conformational Relaxation Control / VIII:
Polymer-Solvent Interactions from the ESCR Model / IX:
Chronocoulograms Under Conformational Relaxation Control / X:
Voltammetry Under Conformational Relxation Control / XI:
Experimental and Theoretical Voltammograms / XII:
Experimental and Theoretical Coulovoltagrams / XIII:
Conducting Polymers as Soft and Nonstoichiometric Materials / XIV:
Electrochemical Evidences
Conducting Polymers as Three-Dimensional Electrodes at Molecular level / XV:
Soft, Wet and Complex Materials Mimicking Biological Processes / XVI:
Technological Applications of the ESCR Model / XVII:
Microwave (Photo)Electrochemistry / H. Tributsch
Theoretical Challenge
Potential Dependent Stationary Microwave Conductivity Measurements
Potential Dependent Time Resolved Measurements
Potential Dependent Periodical Measurements
Oxides and Sensitization Cells
Microwave Phase Measurements
Summary and Discussion
Acknowledgements
Figure Legends
Improvements in Fluorine Generations / G.L. Bauer ; W.V. Childs
A Caution
The Challenge
Pem Fuel Cell Bipolar Plates / D. Bloomfield ; V. Bloomfield
NAFION MEA Based Bipolar Plate Problems
Polybenzimidazole/H[subscript 3]PO[subscript 4]
Definition
Separator Plate
Flow Field
Port and Port Bridges
Seals
Frame
Bipolar Plate Features
Tolerances
Thermal Management
Electrical Conduction
Water Management
Low Cost
Stable, Free from Corrosion Products / 6:
Galvanic Corrosion / i:
Materials and Processes
Comparison of Carbon and Metal
Operational
Forming Cost / ii:
Carbon
Molded Graphite
Paper
Stamped Exfoliated Graphite (Grafoil, Graflex) / iii:
Metal
Forming Metal Bipolar Plates
Intrinsically Corrosion Resistant Metals
Direct Coatings
Conductive Polymer Grafting / iv:
Basic Applications of the Analysis of Variance and Covariance in Electrochemical Science and Engineering / Thomas Z. Fahidy
Basic Principles and Notions
ANOVA: One-way Classification
Completely Randomized Experiment (CRE)
Randomized Block Experiment (RBE)
Example 1: A Historical Perspective of Caustic Soda Production
Example 2: Metallic Corrosion
ANOVA: Two-Way Classification
Null and Alternative Hypotheses
Illustration of Two-Way Classification: Specific Energy Requirement for an Electrolytic Process
ANOVA: Three-Way Classifications
ANOVA: Latin Squares (LS)
Applications of the Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA)
ANCOVA with Velocity as Single Concomitant Variable
Pattern A(CRE)
Pattern B(RBE)
ANCOVA with Velocity and Pressure Drop Acting as Two Concomitant Variables
Two Covariate-Based ANCOVA of Product Yields in a Batch and in a Flow Electrolyzer
Covariance Analysis for a Two-Factor, Single Cofactor CRE
Miscellaneous Topics
Estimation of the Type II Error in ANOVA
Hierarchical Classification
ANOVA-Related Random Effects
Introductory Concepts of Contrasts Analysis
Final Remarks
Acknowledgments
List of Principal Symbols
Nanomaterials in Li-Ion Battery Electrode Design / Charles R. Sides ; Charles R. Martin
Templates Used
Track-Etch Membranes
Alumina Membranes
Other Templates
Nanostructured Cathodic Electrode Materials
Electrode Fabrication
Nanostructured Electrode
Control Electrodes
Structural Investigations
Electrochemical Characterization
Rate Capabilities
Nanostructured Anodic Electrodes
Nanostructured Electrodes
Electrochemical Investigations
Nanoelectrode Applications
Low-Temperature Performance
Strategy
Electrochemical Results
Electronic Conductivity
Cycle Life / v:
Variations on a Synthetic Theme
Nanocomposite of LiFePO[subscript 4]/Carbon
Improving Volumetric Capacity
Carbon Honeycomb
Preparation of Honeycomb Carbon
Direct Methanol Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Problems and Perspectives / Keith Scott ; Ashok K. Shukla
Operating Principle of the SPE-DMFC
Electrode Reaction Mechanisms in SPE-DMFCs
Anodic Oxidation of Methanol
Cathodic Reduction of Oxygen
Materials for SPE-DMFCS
Catalyst Materials
Anode Catalysts
Oxygen Reduction Catalysts
Membrane Materials
Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Performance
DMFC Stack Performance
Alternative Catalysts and Membranes in the DMFC
Alkaline Conducting Membrane and Alternative Oxidants
Conventional vs. Mixed-Reactant SPE-DMFCs
Mathematical Modelling of the DMFC
Methanol Oxidation
Empirical Models for Cell Voltage Behaviour
Membrane Transport
Effect of Methanol Crossover on Fuel Cell Performance
Mass Transport and Gas Evolution
DMFC Electrode Modelling
Cell Models / 7:
Single Phase Flow / 8:
Two-and Three-Dimensional Modelling / 9:
Dynamics and Modelling / 10:
Stack Hydraulic and Thermal Models / 11:
List of Symbols
Review of Direct Methanol Fuel Cells / Brenda L. Garcia ; John W. Weidner
Anode Kinetics
Reaction Mechanism
Methanol Oxidation Catalysts
Platinum and Platinum Catalyst Structure
Platinum and Platinum Alloy Catalyst Performance
Oxygen Reduction Reaction Catalysts
High Temperature Membranes
Methanol Crossover
Magnitude of Crossover
Effect of CO[subscript 2] Crossover
Mixed-Potential Effects
Novel Membranes to Reduce Methanol Crossover
DMFC Modeling Review
One-Dimensional Models
Two-Dimensional and Three-Dimensional Models
Summary
Direct Numerical Simulation of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Catalyst Layers / Partha P. Mukherjee ; Guoqing Wang ; Chao-Yang WangChapter 6:
Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) Approach
Advantages and Objectives of the DNS Approach
DNS Model - Idealized 2-D Microstructure
Three-Dimensional Regular Microstructure
2-D Model: Kinetics- vs. Transport-Limited Regimes
Comparison of the Polarization Curves between 2-D and 3-D Simulations
Three-Dimensional Random Microstructure
Random Structure
Structural Analysis and Identification
Governing Equations
Boundary Conditions
DNS Model - Water Transport
Water Transport Mechanism
Mathematical Description
Inlet-Air Humidity Effect
Water Crossover Effect
Optimization of Catalyst Layer Compositions
3-D Correlated Microstructure
Stochastic Generation Method
Governing Equations, Boundary Conditions and Numerical Procedure
Solid State Electrochemistry 1
Electron Transfer Reactions with and without Ion Transfer
Electrosorption Valency and Partial Charge Transfer
Phosphoric Acid Fuel
Cells (PAFCs) for Utilities
Nanostructural Analysis of Bright Metal Surfaces in Relation to their Reflectivity
Electroplating of Metal Matrix Composites by Codeposition of Suspended Particles
Algebraic Properties of Boolean Algebras
Elementary Classification of Boolean Algebras
Constructive Boolean Algebras
Solid State Electrochemistry II: Devices and Techniques / Joachim Maier
Electrochemical Devices and Applications
Electrochemical (Composition) Sensors
Bulk Conductivity Sensor (Mode 1)
Surface Conductivity Sensors (Mode 2)
Galvanic Sensors (Mode 3)
Extension to Acid-Base Active Gases
Electrochemical (Composition) Actors
Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion Devices
Fuel Cells
Batteries
Other Storage Devices: Supercapacitors and Photobatteries
Electrochemical Techniques
Determination of Bulk Parameters
Determination of Boundary Parameters
Electrochemical Polarization-The Effect of Selectively Blocking Electrodes
Heuristic Considerations
The Steady-State Response: The Evaluation of Partial Conductivities
The Instationary Behavior: The Evaluation of the Chemical Diffusion Coefficient
Chemically Imposed Gradients
Chemical Polarization and Concentration Cell Experiment
Oxygen Permeation
Zero-Driving Force Method
Chemical Relaxation
Coulometric Titration
Thermodynamic Data from Electrochemical Cells Involving Solid Electrolytes
Modifications in the Evaluation of Electrochemical Measurements Due to Internal Defect Reactions
Dynamic Interactions
Transport in Inhomogeneous, Heterogeneous, and Composite Systems
Related Techniques
Acknowledgment
Appendix 1-Terminal Potential Difference / A:
Appendix 2-Electrochemical Polarization / B:
Appendix 3-Chemical Polarization and Relaxation / C:
Appendix 4-Electrolytic Domain Boundaries / D:
Appendix 5-Coulometric Titration / E:
Appendix 6-Point Electrode Resistance / F:
Symbols
Synthesis and Characterization of Nanoporous Carbon and Its Electrochemical Application to Electrode Material for Supercapacitors / Gyoung-Ja Lee
Preparation of Porous Carbons
Activation Method
Templating Method
Structural Characteristics of Porous Carbons
Types of Adsorption Isotherms and Hysteresis Loops
Determinations of Surface Area and Pore Size Distribution
Fractal Characteristics of Porous Carbons
Molecular Probe Method Using Gas Adsorption
Image Analysis Method
Electrochemical Characteristics of Carbon-Based Porous Electrodes For Supercapacitor: The Uses of AC-Impedance Spectroscopy, Current Transient and Cyclic Voltammetry
General Theory of Electrochemical Behavior of Porous Electrodes
Effect of Geometric Heterogeneity on Ion Penetration into the Pores during Double-Layer Charging/Discharging
Effect of Surface Inhomogeneity on Ion Penetration into the Pores during Double-Layer Charging/Discharging
Concluding Remark
Notation
The Use of Graphs in the Study of Electrochemical Reaction Networks / Joseph D. Fehribach
Reaction Species Graphs
Kinetic Graphs
Bipartite Graphs
Reaction Mechanism Graphs
MCFC Cathodic Reactions
Peroxide Mechanism
Superoxide-Peroxide Mechanism
HER Reactions
Reaction Route Graphs
Discussion: Other Reaction Graphs
Approximate Analytical Solutions for Models of Three-Dimensional Electrodes By Adomian's Decomposition Method / Yan-Ping Sun
Adomian's Decomposition Method (ADM)
Example of Applications to Catalytic reactions
Model Solution
Catalyst Slab
Spherical Catalyst Pellet
Concentration Profiles and Effectiveness
Concentration Profiles
Effectiveness
Application to the Influence of Mass Transport in Electrocatalysts
Internal Diffusion and Film Mass Transport
Agglomerate Model of Electrocatalysis
Application to Models For Three-Dimentional Electrodes
The General Form of Model of Three-Dimension Electrodes
Porous Electrode Reactor
Packed-Bed Electrode Reactor
Simplification of Packed-Bed Electrode with a Low Conversion
Examples of Packed-Bed Electrodes applications
Electrochemical Reduction of Nitrobenzene in a Packed-Bed Electrode Reactor
Direct Electrochemical Oxidation of Propylene in a Sparged Packed-Bed Electrode Reactor
Two-Dimensional Model of Packed-Bed Electrodes
Acknowledgement
ADM's Nomenclature
Nomenclatures in this Paper
ADM Mathematica Codes / Appendix:
ADM to Solve One ODE
ADM to Solve the Coupled ODE's
Some Recent Studies in Ruthenium Electrochemistry and Electrocatalysis / N. S. Marinkovic ; M. B. Vukmirovic ; R. R. Adzic
Preparation of Well-Ordered Ru Single-Crystal Surfaces
Electrochemistry of Single-Crystal Ru surfaces
Voltammetry Characterization
Surface X-Ray Diffraction Study
Infrared Spectroscopy and Anion Adsorption
Polycrystalline Ru Electrode / (i):
Ru(0001) and Ru(1010) Single-Crystal Electrode Surfaces / (ii):
Surface-Oxide Formation
Gas-Phase Oxidation
Electrochemical Oxidation
Electrocatalysis on Ru Single-Crystals and Nanoparticle Surfaces
Hydrogen Oxidation and Evolution Reactions
CO Oxidation
Oxygen Reduction Reaction
Pt-Ru Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts
Pt Submonolayers on Ru Single-Crystal Surfaces
Adsorption Properties of Pt Submonolayers on Ru(0001)
Pt Deposition on Ru Nanoparticles
EXAFS and TEM Characterization
H[subscript 2]/CO Oxidation
Fuel Cell Tests / (iii):
High-Performance Electrodes for Medium-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells / Hiroyuki Uchida ; Masahiro Watanabe
Characteristics of SOFCs
Development of Medium-Temperature SOFCs
Design Concept of Catalyzed Reaction Layer for Medium-Temperature SOFC
Activation of Mixed-Conducting Ceria-Based Anode
Effect of Various Metal Catalysts Dispersed on Samaria-Doped Ceria
Effect of the Composition and Microstructure on the Performance of SDC Anodes
Activation of SDC Anode with Highly-Dispersed Ni Electrocatalysts
Activation of Mixed-Conducting Perovskite-Type Oxide Cathodes
La(Sr)MnO[subscript 3] Cathode with Highly Dispersed Pt Catalysts
La(Sr)CoO[subscript 3] Cathode with Ceria-Interlayer on Zirconia Electrolyte
Control of Microstructure of LSC Cathodes
Activation of the Optimized LSC Cathode by Loading nm-Sized Pt Catalysts
Effects of Ionic Conductivity of Zirconia Electrolytes on the Polarization Properties of Various Electrodes in SOFCs
Effect of [sigma subscript ion] on the Hydrogen Oxidation Reaction Rate at Porous Pt Anode
Effect of [sigma subscript ion] on Activities of Various Electrodes and the Reaction Mechanism
Electrochemical CO[subscript 2] Reduction on Metal Electrodes / Y. Hori
Fundamental Problems
Reactions Related with CO[subscript 2] Reduction
Electrochemical Equilibria
Equilibria of CO[subscript 2] Related Species in Aqueous Solution
Variation of pH at the Electrode During CO[subscript 2] Reduction
Problems Related with Experimental Procedures and Data Analysis
Difference Current Obtained from Voltammetric Measurements
Purity of the Electrolyte Solution
Overviews of Electrochemical Reduction of CO[subscript 2] at Metal Electrodes
Aqueous Solutions
Nonaqueous Solutions
Methanol, another Nonaqueous Solution
Electrochemical Reduction of CO[subscript 2] in High Concentration
CO[subscript 2] Reduction under Elevated Pressures
CO[subscript 2] Reduction Promoted by High Concentration
Electroactive Species in the Electrochemical Reduction of CO[subscript 2]
Deactivation of Electrocatalytic Activity of Metal Electrodes
Classification of Electrode Metals and Reaction Scheme
Classification of Electrode Metals and CO Selectivity
Electrode Potential of CO[subscript 2] Reduction at Various Metal Electrodes
Formation of CO[subscript 2 middle dot superscript -] Anion Radical and Further Reduction to HCOO[superscript -]
Formation of Adsorbed CO[subscript 2 middle dot superscript -] Leading to Further Reduction to CO or HCOO[superscript -]
Reaction Scheme in Nonaqueous Electrolyte
Electrochemical Reduction of CO[subscript 2] to CO at Selected Metal and Nonmetal Electrodes
CO Formation at Au, Ag, and Zn
Au
Ag
Zn
Platinum Group Metals
Pt
Pd
Other Platinum Group Metals
Ni and other CO Formation Metals
Non-metallic Electrode Materials for CO[subscript 2] Reduction
Mechanistic Studies of Electrochemical Reduction of CO[subscript 2] at Cu Electrode
Formation of CO as an Intermediate Species
CO[subscript 2] Reduction at Cu Electrode Affected by the Potential and the CO[subscript 2] Pressure
Electrolyte Solution, Anionic Species
Effects of Cationic Species in Electrolyte Solution
Reaction Mechanism at Cu Electrode
Surface Treatment, Alloying and Modification of Cu Electrode
CO[subscript 2] Reduction at Cu Single-Crystal Electrodes
Adsorption of CO on Cu Electrode: Voltammetric and Spectroscopic Studies
Attempts to Enhance the Transport Process in CO[subscript 2] Reduction
Elevated Pressure
Gas-Diffusion Electrode
Solid-Polymer Electrolytes
Three-Phase Electrodes
List of Abbreviations
Induced Codeposition of Alloys of Tungsten, Molybdenum and Rhenium with Transition Metals / Noam Eliaz ; Eliezer Gileadi
Metal Deposition as a Class of its Own
Redox Reactions
Metal Deposition and Dissolution
Specific Issues in Electrodeposition of Alloys
History
Special Considerations Related to Alloy Deposition
Anomalous Alloy Deposition
Possible Causes of Anomalous Alloy Deposition / (iv):
Induced Codeposition / (v):
Electroless Deposition of Alloys / (vi):
Case Studies
Tungsten Alloys Containing Ni, Co and Fe
Properties of Tungsten Alloys
Applications of Tungsten Alloys
Electrodeposition of Tungsten Alloys
New Interpretation of the Mechanism of Ni-W Codeposition
Molybdenum Alloys Containing Ni, Co and Fe
Properties of Molybdenum Alloys
Applications of Molybdenum Alloys
Electrodeposition of Molybdenum Alloys
Rhenium and its Alloys
Properties of Rhenium and its Alloys
Applications of Rhenium and its Alloys
Electrodeposition of Rhenium and its Alloys
List of Abbreviations and Symbols
Appendices
25 Years of the Scanning Tunneling Microscopy: 20 Years of Application of STM in Electrochemistry / Marek Szklarczyk ; Marcin Strawski ; Krzysztof Bienkowski
STM Landmarks
Solid-Vacuum Interface STM Investigations
STM Investigations in Air and in Liquid Environment: 20 Years in Electrochemical STM Probing
Imaging of Metals and Metallic Deposits
Imaging of Adsorbed Ions Adlattices
Imaging of Molecules
Imaging of Semiconductive Materials
Electrochemical Fabrication of Nanostructures: Nanolithography
Modern Applications of Electrochemical Technology / M. Schlesinger
LIGA, an Important Process in Micro-System Technology
Micro Systems
The LIGA Process
Microstructures Manufactured by the LIGA Process
The Sacrificial Layer Technique
Microstructures with Different Shapes in the Third Dimension
Applications in Semiconductor Technology
Cu Interconnections on Chips
Deposition of Cu Interconnections on Chips
Diffusion Barriers and Seed Layer
Super-Conformal Electrodeposition of Copper into Nanometer Vias and Trenches
Super-Conformal Electrodeposition
Mechanism of Super-Conformal Electrodeposition
Mathematical Modeling
Information Storage: Applications in the Fields of Magnetism and Microelectronic
Magnetic Information Storage
Read/Write Heads
High Frequency Magnetics
Spintronics
Applications in Medicine and Medical Devices
Background
Electrochemical Power Sources
Electrochemical Deposition in Medical Devices
Surface Electrochemistry in the Processing of Biomaterials
Materials Science of Biomaterials
Frontiers: Various Applications in the Field of Medicine
Preface
List of Contributors
Mathematical Modeling in Electrochemistry / Mordechay Schlesinger
High Precision Atomic Theory: Tests of Fundamental Understanding / G.W.F. Drake ; Qixue Wu ; Zheng Zhong
Modeling of Impedance of Porous Electrodes / Andrzej Lasia
Multiscale Mass Transport in Porous Silicon Gas Sensors / Peter A. Kottke ; Andrei G. Fedorov ; James L. Gole
Electrochemical Materials for PEM Fuel Cells: Insights from Physical Theory and Simulation / Michael H. Eikerling ; Kourosh Malek
Modeling of Catalyst Structure Degradation in PEM Fuel Cells / Jeremy P. Meyers
Modeling Water Management in Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cells / Adam Z. Weber ; Ryan Balliet ; Haluna P. Gunterman ; John Newman
Adaptive Characterization and Modeling of Electrochemical Energy Storage Devices for Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications / Mark W. Verbrugge
Structure, Passivation and localized corrosion of metal surfaces / Vincent Maurice ; Philippe Marcus
Nucleation and Growth of Passive Films
Hydroxide Ion Adsorption and Growth of 2D Passive Layers
Copper
Silver
Nickel
Influence of 2D Passive Films on Dissolution
Structure of 3D Passive Films on Metals and Alloys
Crystalline Passive Films
Iron
Ageing Effects on Chromium-Rich Passive Films
Chromium
Stainless Steels
Dissolution in the Passive State
Nanostructure of Passive Film and Passivity Breakdown
Effect of Chlorides on Coalescence and Crystallization of the Passive Film
Breakdown at Oxide Grain Boundaries
Grain Boundary Model of Passivity Breakdown and Pit Initiation
Local Redistribution of the Potential Drop
Local Thinning of the Passive Film
Voiding at the Metal/Oxide Interface
Stress-Induced Fracture of the Passive Film
Anodic Oxide Films on Aluminum: their significance for corrosion Protection and Micro-and Nano-Technologies / Hideaki Takahashi ; Masatoshi Sakairi ; Tatsuya Kikuchi
Applications of Anodic Oxide Films
Structure and Properties of Oxide and Hydroxide Films
Pretreated-Surface Film
Thermal Oxide Film
Hydroxide Film
Barrier-Type Anodic Oxide Film (BAOF)
Porous Type Anodic Oxide Film (PAOF)
Structure
Growth under Steady Conditions
Growth under Transient Conditions
Changes in Film Structure by Combination of Treatments
Change of PAOF Structure by Heating, Boiling, and Anodizing in a Neutral Solution
Change in BAOF Structure by Heating, Boiling, and Anodizing in an Acid Solution
Change of the Structure of Thermal Oxide Films by Boiling, and Anodizing in a Neutral solution and in an Acid Solution
Changes in the Structure of Hydroxide Films by Heating and Anodizing in Acid and Neutral Solutions
Other Combination of Treatments
Role of Anodic Oxide Films in Corrosion Protection of Aluminum
Immersion of BAOF-Covered Aluminum in a Solution
Role of Anodic Oxide Films in Pitting Corrosion during Cathodic Polarization
Role of Anodic Oxide Films in the Corrosion of Aluminum Alloys in Alcohol at High Temperatures
Micro-and Nano-Technologies Based on Anodized Aluminum
Micro-Technologies with Laser Irradiation
Applications of Laser Irradiation Techniques
Printed Circuit Boards
Plastic Injection Molds
Electrochemical Micro-Reactor
Free-Standing Microstructures
Micro-Actuator
Printing Roll
Micro-and Nano-Patterning with AFM Probe Processing
Formation of Composite Oxide Films by the Combination of Anodizing with Other Coating Methods
Pore-Filling Method
Combination of Metal-Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition with Anodizing
Combination of Sol-Gel Dip Coating and Anodizing
Combination of Electrophoretic Sol-Gel Coating and Anodizing
Combination of Liquid Phase Deposition with Anodizing
Applications of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy to Hydrogen Adsorption, Evolution and Absorption into Metals / A. Lasia1:
Electroless Deposition of Metals / D. Djokic2:
Towards a Computational Electrochemistry - a Kineticist's Perspective / L.K. Bieniasz3:
7.

図書

東工大
目次DB

図書
東工大
目次DB
東京工業大学建築学科塚本研究室, アトリエ・ワン著
出版情報: 東京 : ワールドフォトプレス, 2001.8  171p ; 26cm
シリーズ名: ワールド・ムック ; 327 . Living spheres ; Vol. 2
所蔵情報: loading…
目次情報: 続きを見る
CONTENTS.01 How To UITLIZE PET ARCHITECTURE HAP GUIDE+ PET ARCHITECTURE 81 (01-19)
   ペット・アーキテクチャーの使い方 How Utilize Pet Architecture text=塚本由晴 Yoshiharu Tsukamoto 006-010
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   01 栃木屋 Tochigiya 千代田区神田駿河台2丁目 2Kandasurugadai Chiyoda-ku Tokyo 014-015
   02 銀座正美堂 Ginza Shobido Furniture Shop 中央区銀座1丁目 1 Ginza Chuo-ku Tokyo 016-017
   03 携帯ショップ209i Mobilephone Shop 209i 中央区銀座2丁目 2 Ginza Chuo-ku Tokyo 018-019
   04 PADIダイビングスクール PADI Diving School 中央区銀座5丁目 5 Ginza Chuo-ku Tokyo 020-021
   05 銀座堂美術店 Ginza Do Anitique Shop 中央区銀座6丁目 6Ginza Chuo-ku Tokyo 022-023
   06 佃2丁目町会議詰所 Tsukuda 2chome Meeting Place 中央区月島1丁目 1 Tsukisima Chuo-ku Tokyo 024-025
   07 隅田川ブルーシートハウス Sumida River Blue Sheet House 中央区日本橋浜町 Nihonbashihamacho Chuo-ku Tokyo 026-027
   08 T商店 T Shop 港区新橋2丁目 2Shinbashi Minato-ku Tokyo 028-029
   09 小菅商店 Kosuge Shop 港区六本木5丁目 5 Roppongi Minato-ku Tokyo 030-031
   10 アパート Apartment 港区白金台5丁目 5 Shiroganedai Minato-ku Tokyo 032-033
   11 M邸離れ M Subordinate Cottage 港区白金台5丁目 5 Shiroganedai Minato-ku Tokyo 034-035
   12 青山ごはん亭 Aoyama Gohantei Lunch Box Shop 港区南青山5丁目 5 Minamiaoyama Minato-ku Tokyo 036-037
   13 ジョージ George 港区赤坂9丁目 9Akasaka Minato-ku Tokyo 038-039
   14 原不動産 Hara Real Estate Agent 港区北青山2丁目 2 Kitaaoyama Minato-ku Tokyo 040-041
   15 青山不動産 Aoyama Real Estate Agent 港区北青山3丁目 3 Kitaaoyama Minato-ku Tokyo 042-043
   16 きりしまフラワー Kirishima Florist 港区北青山3丁目他 3 Kitaaoyama Minato-ku Tokyo etc 044-045
   17 TELEWALK Telewalk 新宿区新宿3丁目 3 Shinjuku Shinjuku-ku Tokyo 046-047
   18 川太郎+WIRE Kawataro+WIRE 新宿区新宿5丁目 5 Shinjuku Shinjuku-ku Tokyo 048-049
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CONTENTS.02 PET ARCHITECTURE 81 (20-41)
   20 ゴールデン街 Golden Streets 新宿区歌舞伎町1丁目 1 Kabuki-cho Shinjuku-ku Tokyo 052-053
   21 シューズドクターキッコ Kikko Shoes Doctor 新宿区神楽坂5丁目 5 Kagurazaka Shinjuku-ku Tokyo 054-055
   22 おしゃれの店パール Pearl Boutique 文京区千駄木3丁目 3 Sendagi Bunkyo-ku Tokyo 056-057
   23 韓国家庭料理 Korean Family Style Restaurant 文京区千駄木3丁目 3 Sendagi Bunkyo-ku Tokyo 058-059
   24 和田珈琲店 Wada Coffee Parlor 文京区本郷2丁目 2 Hongo Bunkyo-ku Tokyo 060-061
   25 ウエダモーター Ueda Mortor 品川区南品川4丁目 4 Minamishinagawa Shinagawa-ku Tokyo 062-063
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   28 ROUEN ROUEN 品川区南大井4丁目 4 Minamiooi Shinagawa-ku Tokyo 068-069
   29 天津甘栗木村屋 Tenshin Amaguri Kimuraya 品川区大井1丁目 1 Ooi Shinagawa-ku Tokyo 070-071
   30 おでん淳美家 Atsumiya Oden Pub 品川区大崎2丁目 2 Osaki Shinagawa-ku Tokyo 072-073
   31 山田うどん Yamada Udon 品川区東五反田1丁目 1 Higashigotannda Shinagawa-ku Tokyo 074-075
   32 ルネ高村前たばこ屋 Tobacco Shop (front of Condominium Rune Takamura) 品川区東五反田2丁目 2 Higashigotannda Shinagawa-ku Tokyo 076-077
   33 まつや米店 Matsuya Rice Shop 品川区豊町1丁目 1 Yutakamachi Shinagawa-ku Tokyo 078-079
   34 元交番 Former Police Box 品川区旗の台1丁目 1 Hatanodai Shinagawa-ku Tokyo 080-081
   35 コーヒーサロンきもと Coffee Salon Kimoto 目黒区八雲1丁目 1 Yagumo Meguro-ku Tokyo 082-083
   36 KラJパーキング K-Ra-J Parking 目黒区自由が丘2丁目 2 Jiyugaoka Meguro-ku Tokyo 084-085
   37 K邸倉庫K Warehouse 大田区田園調布1丁目 1 Denenchofu Ota-ku Tokyo 086-087
   38 たまや Tamaya 大田区田園調布4丁目 4 Denenchofu Ota-ku Tokyo 088-089
   39 新津製作所 Niitsu Metal WorkShop 大田区矢口1丁目 1 Yaguchi Ota-ku Tokyo 090-091
   40 森畳店 Mori Tatami Shop 大田区多摩川1丁目 1 Tamagawa Ota-ku Tokyo 092-093
   41 北町会置場 Kitamachikai Warehouse 大田区多摩川1丁目 1 Tamagawa Ota-ku Tokyo 094-095
CONTENTS.03 PET ARCHITECTURE 81 (40-60)
   42 羽田広場 Haneda Park 大田区羽田6丁目 6 Haneda Ota-ku Tokyo 096-097
   43 住居1 Residence 1 世田谷区東玉川1丁目 1 Higashitamagawa Setagaya-ku Tokyo 098-099
   44 棚橋工務店倉庫 Tanahashi Construction Company's Warehouse 世田谷区東玉川1丁目 1 Higashitamagawa Setagaya-ku Tokyo 100-101
   45 明珍工業所 Meichin Construction company's Warehouse 世田谷区桜上水2丁目 2 Sakurajosui Setagaya-ku Tokyo 102-103
   46 かどっこ Kadokko 世田谷区若林5丁目 5 Wakabayashi Setagaya-ku Tokyo 104-105
   47 バタフライ倉庫 Warehouse with Butterfly Roof 渋谷区上原2丁目 2 Uehara Shibuya-ku Tokyo 106-107
   48 住居2 Residence 2 渋谷区西原3丁目 3 Nishihara Shibuya-ku Tokyo 108-109
   49 住居3 Residence 3 渋谷区西原3丁目 3 Nishihara Shibuya-ku Tokyo 110-111
   50 渋谷漢方堂 Shibuya Kanpodo 渋谷区道玄坂1丁目 1 Dogenzaka Shibuya-ku Tokyo 112-113
   51 フォトステーション Photostation 渋谷区渋谷3丁目 3 Shibuya Shibuya-ku Tokyo 114-115
   52 大木自転車店 Ooki Bicycle Shop 渋谷区東2丁目 2 Higashi Shibuya-ku Tokyo 116-117
   53 ミヤガワタバコカンパニー Miyagawa Tobacco Company 渋谷区神宮前6丁目 6 Jingumae Shibuya-ku Tokyo 118-119
   54 コンドマニア Condomania 渋谷区神宮前6丁目 6Jingumae Shibuya-ku Tokyo 120-121
   55 ふらんすの家庭料理 French Family Style Restaurant 渋谷区千駄ヶ谷5丁目 5 Sendagaya Shibuya-ku Tokyo 122-123
   56 三誠社 Sanseisya 渋谷区代々木1丁目 1 Yoyogi Shibuya-ku Tokyo 124-125
   57 関島商事 Sekishima Real Estate Agent 渋谷区本町3丁目 3 Honmachi Shibuya-ku Tokyo 126-127
   58 幡ヶ谷子育地蔵尊 Hatagaya Kosodate Jizoson 渋谷区幡ヶ谷1丁目 1 Hatagaya Shibuya-ku Tokyo 128-129
   59 鳩小屋 Pigeon House 杉並区上高井戸3丁目 3 Kamitakaido Suginami-ku Tokyo 130-131
   60 アール目白店 R Mejiro Branch 豊島区西池袋2丁目 2 Nishiikebukuro Toshima-ku Tokyo 132-133
   61 S邸離れ S Subordinete Cottage 豊島区西池袋2丁目 2 Nishiikebukuro Toshima-ku Tokyo 134-135
   62 バイクボックス池袋 Bikebox Ikebukuro 豊島区池袋本町2丁目 2 Ikebukurohoncho Toshima-ku Tokyo 136-137
   63 ベストサービス Bestservice 豊島区東池袋1丁目 1 Higashiikebukuro Toshima-ku Tokyo 138-139
CONTENTS.04 PET ARCHITECTURE 81 (61-81)
   64 GOHAN-CHAN Gohan-chan 豊島区東池袋2丁目 2 Higashiikebukuro Toshima-ku Tokyo 140-141
   65 マルコポーロ Marco Polo 豊島区南池袋3丁目 3 Minamiikebukuro Toshima-ku Tokyo 142-143
   66 もつ鍋スタミナ Motsunabe Stamina 板橋区徳丸1丁目 1 Tokumaru Itabashi-ku Tokyo 144-145
   67 Y邸 Y Residence 足立区柳原1丁目 1 Yanagihara Adachi-ku Tokyo 146-147
   68 バンガロー Bungalow 小平市花小金井南2丁目 2 Hanakoganeiminami Kodaira-city Tokyo 148-149
   69 ばんかー Bunker 武蔵野市吉祥寺本町1丁目 Kichijojihoncho Musashino-city Tokyo 150-151
   70 トーシン賃貸センター Tooshin Real Estate Agent 武蔵野市吉祥寺本町1丁目1 Kichijojihoncho Musashino-sity Tokyo 152-153
   71 多摩製粉 Tama Mill 八王子市千人町 Sennincho Hachioji-city Tokyo 154-155
   72 一平そば Ippei Soba 八王子市小比企町 Kobikicho Hachioji-city Tokyo 156-157
   73 ペット・アーキテクチャー/ (ギャラリー間ヴァージョン)Pet Architecture (Gallery MA vergion) 港区南青山1丁目 1 Minamiaoyama Minato-ku Tokyo 158-159
   74 対カンバン計画 Twin Signboard Project 練馬区北町 Kitamachi Nerima-ku Tokyo 160
   75 一枚岩法律事務所計画 Ichimaiwa Law Firm Project 練馬区北町 Kitamachi Nerima-ku Tokyo 161
   76 防音演奏室計画 Soundproof Music Room Project 練馬区北町 Kitamachi Nerima-ku Tokyo 162
   77 外付周辺生活機器計画 Household Service Project 練馬区北町 Kitamachi Nerima-ku Tokyo 163
   78 アダルトツタヤ計画 Adult Tsutaya Project 練馬区北町 Kitamashi Nerima-ku Tokyo 164
   79 寿司のかんぱち計画 Kanpachi Project 練馬区北町 Kitamachi Nerima-ku Tokyo 165
   80 立体フラワー計画 3D Florist Project 練馬区北町 Kitamachi Nerima-ku Tokyo 166
   81 FM練馬計画 FM Nerima Project 練馬区北町 Kitamachi Nerima-ku Tokyo 167
   ペット・アーキテクチャー・プロジェクトメンバー / 東京工業大学建築学科 塚本研究室 Pet Architecture Project Member / T.I.T. Tsukamoto Lab. 168-170
   ペット・アーキテクチャー・プロジェクトメンバー / アトリエ・ワン Pet Architecture Project Member / Atelier Bow-wow 171
CONTENTS.01 How To UITLIZE PET ARCHITECTURE HAP GUIDE+ PET ARCHITECTURE 81 (01-19)
   ペット・アーキテクチャーの使い方 How Utilize Pet Architecture text=塚本由晴 Yoshiharu Tsukamoto 006-010
   ペット・アーキテクチャー01-81+ガイド Pet Architecture 01-81+GUIDE 011
8.

図書

東工大
目次DB

図書
東工大
目次DB
東京工業大学外国語研究教育センター編
出版情報: 東京 : 三省堂, 2000.1  226p ; 21cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
CHAPTER 1 理工系の英語を読むために
   1 文系の英語と理工系の英語 武舎広幸 10
   2 これだけはわかってほしい英語構文 薩摩竜郎 21
   3 文化の背景を読む 原田大介 32
   4 理工系英語論文の読み方 飛田茂雄 45
   5 「受験英語」 をいかに活用するか 前川 裕 57
   COLUMN 1 英語を 「喋る」 だけでいいのか 木村 孟 69
CHAPTER 2 学校英語が教えてくれたこと・教えてくれなかったこと
   1 英語の授業で何を学んできたのか 菅原 克也 74
   2 「学校文法」 が教えてくれなかったこと 石原由貴 84
   3 英文法を科学しよう 野口 徹 96
   COLUMN 2 世界共通語としての英語 神本武征 109
   COLUMN 3 受験英語が嫌いだった理工系学生諸君へ 籏野壽彦 111
CHAPTER 3 まず辞書を引こう・辞書を読もう
   1 英和辞典活用法 井上 健 116
   2 英英辞典活用法 篠崎 実 128
   COLUMN 3 英語が読めた日 本川達雄 139
   COLUMN 4 教科書は一部にすぎない 小川浩平 141
CHAPTER 4 理工系の単語・その成り立ち
   1 語源に強くなる 土家典生 144
   2 接頭辞と接尾辞の世界 土家典生 159
   COLUMN 5 BBC、 CNNを視聴しよう 辻井重男 180
   COLUMN 6 米・英語はthe most necessary 内藤喜之 182
CHAPTER 5 実践的語彙・資料集
   1 理工系学生のための基礎語彙リスト 186
   2 数式、図形の英語表現 付 元素名一覧 212
   3 辞書、参考文献ガイド 222
CHAPTER 1 理工系の英語を読むために
   1 文系の英語と理工系の英語 武舎広幸 10
   2 これだけはわかってほしい英語構文 薩摩竜郎 21
9.

図書

図書
Akira Chiba...[et al.]
出版情報: Amsterdam ; Tokyo : Elsevier, Newnes, 2005  xviii, 381 p. ; 24 cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
List of Contributors
Foreword
Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction / 1:
Magnetic bearing and motor drive / 1.1:
Bearingless drives / 1.2:
Definition and related technologies / 1.3:
Early developments / 1.4:
Bearingless structures / 1.5:
Comparisons / 1.6:
Winding structures / 1.7:
Applications / 1.8:
References
Electro-magnetics and mathematical model of magnetic bearings / 2:
Electro-mechanical structure and operating principles / 2.1:
Electric equivalent circuit and inductance / 2.2:
Stored magnetic energy and force / 2.3:
Radial magnetic bearing / 2.4:
Unbalance pull force / 2.5:
Block diagram and mechanical system / 2.6:
Reference
Magnetic bearing controllers / 3:
Design principles in one-axis magnetic suspension / 3.1:
Adjustment of PID gains / 3.2:
Interference in two perpendicular axes / 3.3:
Unbalance force and elimination / 3.4:
Eccentric displacement / 3.5:
Synchronized displacement suppression / 3.6:
Mechanical dynamics / 4:
Two-axis system / 4.1:
Four-axis and five-axis systems / 4.2:
Thrust magnetic bearing and requirement of five-axis suspension / 4.3:
Power electronic circuits for magnetic bearings / 5:
Structure and principles of power electronic circuits / 5.1:
PWM operation / 5.2:
Current feedback / 5.3:
Current driver operating area / 5.4:
Power devices and gate drive circuits / 5.5:
Primitive model and control strategy of bearingless motors / 6:
Principles of radial force generation / 6.1:
Two-pole bearingless motor / 6.2:
MMF and permeance / 6.3:
Magnetic potential and flux distribution / 6.4:
Inductance matrix / 6.5:
Radial force and current / 6.6:
The dc excitation of the primitive bearingless motor / 6.7:
AC excitation and revolving magnetic field / 6.8:
Inductance measurements / 6.9:
Analysis in rotational coordinates and magnetic suspension strategy for bearingless drives with 2-pole and 4-pole windings / 7:
Vector control theory of electrical motors / 7.1:
Coordinate transformation and torque regulation / 7.2:
Vector control theory in bearingless motors / 7.3:
Coordinate transformation from dc to ac bearingless machines / 7.4:
System block diagrams of bearingless machines / 7.5:
Field orientation, VA requirement and magnetic saturation / 8:
Misalignment of field orientation / 8.1:
VA requirement / 8.2:
Magnetic saturation / 8.3:
Cylindrical permanent magnet synchronous bearingless motors / 9:
Structure of surface permanent magnet (SPM) rotor / 9.1:
Radial suspension force and suspension winding current / 9.2:
Equations of voltage and current / 9.3:
Guideline for permanent magnet thickness and airgap length / 9.4:
Irreversible permanent magnet demagnetization and MMF limitations of stator windings / 9.5:
Control system configuration / 9.6:
Inset types of permanent magnet bearingless motor / 10:
Structure and features of an inset type of permanent magnet rotor / 10.1:
Mutual interference between radial suspension forces / 10.2:
Rotor position control strategy / 10.3:
Identification of suspension force parameters / 10.4:
Buried permanent magnet bearingless motors / 11:
BPM rotor structures / 11.1:
Suspension force for unity current and permanent magnet demagnetization / 11.2:
Synchronous reluctance bearingless motors / 11.3:
Torque characteristics / 12.1:
Radial force characteristics / 12.2:
Drive systems / 12.3:
Bearingless induction motors / 13:
Rotor structure and suspension force / 13.1:
Indirect type drives / 13.2:
Direct type drives / 13.3:
Two-pole motor drive / 13.4:
Homopolar, hybrid and consequent-pole bearingless motors / 14:
Structures and principles / 14.1:
Number of poles / 14.2:
Switched reluctance bearingless motors / 14.3:
Configuration of stator windings and principles of suspension force generation / 15.1:
Derivation of inductances / 15.2:
Assumption and calculation of permeances / 15.3:
Theoretical formulae of suspension force and torque / 15.4:
A drive system / 15.5:
A feed-forward compensator for vibration reduction considering magnetic attraction force / 15.6:
Winding arrangement variations / 16:
Modified radial magnetic bearings / 16.1:
Modified motors / 16.2:
p-Pole and (p [plus or minus] 2)-pole windings / 16.3:
Mechanical structure and position regulation / 17:
Mechanical structure / 17.1:
Axial gap bearingless motors / 17.2:
Displacement sensors and sensorless operation / 18:
Principles of displacement sensor / 18.1:
Improvements in sensitivity / 18.2:
Inductive and eddy current sensors / 18.3:
Sensorless bearingless motor / 18.4:
Controllers and power electronics / 19:
Structure of digital controllers / 19.1:
Discrete-time systems of PID controllers with the z-transform / 19.2:
Design procedure and examples / 20:
An induction type bearingless motor / 20.1:
A permanent magnet type bearingless motor / 20.2:
Applications and test machines / 21:
Canned pumps and drives / 21.1:
Compact pumps, bubble bed reactor / 21.2:
Spindle motor and semiconductor processing / 21.3:
Index
List of Contributors
Foreword
Preface
10.

図書

図書
Atelier Bow-Wow, Yoshiharu Tsukamoto, Momoyo Kaijima ; [editors, Ian Luna & Lauren A. Gould]
出版情報: New York : Rizzoli, c2010  360 p. ; 30 cm
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