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1.

電子ブック

EB
R. K. Goel, Bhawani Singh, Jian Zhao
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Butterworth-Heinemann, 2012
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Underground Space and Its Requirement / 1.1:
History of Underground Space Use / 1.2:
Underground Space for Sustainable Development / 1.3:
What Should Be Done? / 1.4:
Future of Underground Space Facilities / 1.5:
Scope of the Book / 1.6:
References
Classification of Underground Space / 2:
General / 2.1:
Major Classification Grouping / 2.2:
Function / 2.2.1:
Geometry / 2.2.2:
Origin / 2.2.3:
Site Features / 2.2.4:
Project Features / 2.2.5:
Benefits and Drawbacks of Underground Facilities / 2.3:
Important Considerations / 3:
Geological Considerations / 3.1:
Engineering Considerations / 3.2:
Psychological and Physiological Considerations / 3.3:
Image of the Underground / 3.3.1:
Actual Experiences in Underground Buildings / 3.3.2:
Actual Experience in Windowless and Other Analogous Environments / 3.3.3:
Potential Psychological Problems Associated with Underground Space / 3.3.4:
Mitigating Factors / 3.3.5:
Choosing to Go Underground-General Advantages / 3.4:
Potential Physical Benefits / 3.4.1:
Protection / 3.4.2:
Security / 3.4.3:
Aesthetics / 3.4.4:
Environmental Advantages / 3.4.5:
Materials / 3.4.6:
Initial Cost/Land Cost Savings / 3.4.7:
Construction Savings / 3.4.8:
Sale of Excavated Material or Minerals / 3.4.9:
Savings in Specialized Design Features / 3.4.10:
Operating Cost/Maintenance / 3.4.11:
Energy Use / 3.4.12:
Land Use Efficiency / 3.4.13:
Disaster Readiness/National Security / 3.4.14:
Drawbacks of Underground Space Use / 3.5:
Physical / 3.5.1:
Climate Isolation / 3.5.2:
Communication / 3.5.3:
Human Occupancy / 3.5.4:
Safety Considerations / 3.6:
Fire Explosion / 3.6.1:
Oxygen Shortage/Poisoning / 3.6.2:
Flood / 3.6.3:
Electric Power Failure / 3.6.4:
Ventilation / 3.7:
Legal and Administrative Considerations / 3.8:
Limits of Surface Property Ownership / 3.8.1:
Ownership and the Right to Develop Subsurface Space / 3.8.2:
Application of Surface Land Use Regulations / 3.8.3:
Environmental Controls / 3.8.4:
Restrictions due to Surface and Subsurface Structures / 3.8.5:
Economic Considerations / 3.9:
Underground Space Planning / 4:
Forms of Underground Space Available and Uses / 4.1:
Level-Wise Planning of Underground Space Use / 4.2:
Future Forms of Underground Space Use / 4.3:
Technology for Underground Development / 4.4:
Conceptual Designs / 4.5:
Cost Considerations / 4.6:
Planning of Underground Space / 4.7:
Underground Storage of Food Items / 5:
Section 1 / 5.1:
Problems Associated with Underground Food Storage / 5.2:
Site Selection / 5.3:
Construction and Design / 5.4:
Depth / 5.4.1:
Unit Size / 5.4.2:
Lining / 5.4.3:
Loading and Unloading Equipment / 5.4.4:
Equipment to Equilibrate Grain Temperature during Loading and Unloading / 5.4.5:
Considerations while Loading the Storage / 5.4.6:
Considerations prior to Unloading of Underground Storage / 5.4.7:
Underground Storage Bins in Argentina / 5.4.8:
Potato Storage / 5.5:
Section 2
Refrigerated Rock Stores / 5.6:
Design of Underground Cold Storage / 5.7:
Shape and Size / 5.7.1:
Thermal Properties / 5.7.2:
Cost Comparison / 5.8:
Case Histories / 5.9:
Warehouse Caverns in Singapore / 5.9.1:
Cold Storage Plant in Bergen, Norway / 5.9.2:
Underground Storage of Water / 6:
Water Storage by Recharge Methods / 6.1:
Controlling Factors / 6.2.1:
Recharge Methods / 6.2.2:
Underground Rock Cavern Tank Storage / 6.3:
Function and Location of Water Tanks / 6.3.1:
Comparison between Aboveground and Underground Water Tanks / 6.3.2:
Planning and Design / 6.3.3:
Cost for Underground Cavern Storage / 6.3.4:
Construction and Maintenance Experience / 6.3.5:
The Kvernberget Rock Cavern Tank / 6.4:
The Steinan Rock Cavern Tank, Norway / 6.4.2:
The Groheia Rock Cavern Tank in Kristiansand, Norway / 6.4.3:
Underground Parking / 7:
Types of Parking Facilities / 7.1:
Various Modern Mechanical Underground Parking Options / 7.3:
Trevipark System / 7.3.1:
Douskos Car Parks-Mechanical Underground Parking Station Systems / 7.3.2:
Evaluation Criteria of a Site for Underground Parking / 7.4:
Design of Underground Parking Facilities / 7.5:
Parking Guidance System / 7.6:
Parking Lot Security / 7.7:
Ventilation in Underground Car Parks / 7.8:
Economics of Underground Parking Facilities / 7.9:
Sydney Opera House Underground Car Park / 7.10:
Munich Automated Underground Parking System, Germany / 7.10.2:
Underground Metro and Road Tunnels / 8:
Findings of International Tunnelling Association / 8.1:
Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM) / 8.2:
Tunnel Boring Machines for Hard Rocks / 8.2.1:
Shielded Tunnel Boring Machines / 8.2.2:
Precast Lining / 8.3:
Building Condition Survey and Vibration Limit / 8.4:
Impact on Structures / 8.5:
Subsidence / 8.6:
Half-Tunnels for Roads / 8.7:
Road Tunnels / 8.8:
Traffic Safety / 8.8.1:
Construction Details / 8.8.3:
Precautions to Protect Road Tunnels from Deterioration / 8.8.4:
Cost of Construction / 8.8.5:
Subsea Tunnels / 8.9:
Maintenance / 8.9.1:
Gotthard Base Tunnel (GBT) / 8.10:
Lötschberg Base Tunnel (LBT) / 8.10.2:
Underground Storage of Crude Oil, Liquefied Petroleum Gas, and Natural Gas / 9:
Investigations and Design / 9.1:
Underground Storage Technology / 9.3:
Underground Unlined Storage / 9.3.1:
Underground Lined Storage / 9.3.2:
Storage of Natural Gas / 9.4:
Tunnel-Shaped Storage Facility / 9.5:
Disadvantages / 9.5.1:
Separation Distance between Caverns / 9.5.2:
Multitank Storage (Polytank) Concept / 9.6:
Construction Principles / 9.6.1:
Rock Mechanics of Polytank Storage / 9.6.2:
Field of Applications / 9.6.3:
Advantages / 9.6.4:
General Advantages and Disadvantages of Underground Storages / 9.7:
Inground Tanks / 9.7.1:
Cost Aspects / 9.8.1:
Effect of Earthquake / 9.10:
Carbon Dioxide Sequestration / 9.11:
Civic Facilities Underground / 10:
Sewage and Waste Water Treatment Plant / 10.1:
Case Example of Cost Comparison / 10.2.1:
Sports Center / 10.3:
Underground Ice Rink / 10.3.1:
Swimming Center / 10.3.2:
Underground Pedestrian Path / 10.4:
Operation of the System / 10.4.1:
Shopping Mall / 10.5:
Underground Recreational Facilities / 10.6:
Underground Structures for Hydroelectric Projects / 11:
Recent Developments in Planning of Hydroelectric Projects / 11.1:
Types of Underground Structures / 11.3:
Principles of Planning / 11.4:
Fundamental Requirements / 11.5:
Planning a Cavern / 11.6:
Design of a Cavern / 11.7:
Space and Geometries / 11.7.1:
Geotechniques / 11.7.2:
Orientation / 11.7.3:
Excavation Sequence and Techniques / 11.7.4:
In Situ Stresses / 11.7.5:
Earthquake Forces / 11.7.6:
Supports / 11.7.7:
Advantages and Disadvantages / 11.8:
Churchill Falls Hydroelectric Project / 11.9:
Chhibro Underground Powerhouse / 11.9.2:
Tala Hydroelectric Project, Bhutan / 11.9.3:
Summary / 11.10:
Underground Shelters for Wartime / 12:
State-of-the-Art Defense Shelters / 12.1:
Shelter Options / 12.3:
Design of Shelters / 12.4:
Basement Shelters / 12.4.1:
Expedient Shelter Designs / 12.4.2:
Civil Defense Shelter in Singapore / 12.5:
Beijing's Underground City / 12.5.2:
Underground Storage of Ammunitions and Explosives / 13:
Explosion Effects in Underground Ammunition Storage Sites / 13.1:
Advantages and Disadvantages of Underground Storage / 13.3:
Storage Limitations / 13.4:
Ammunition Containing Flammable Liquids or Gels / 13.4.1:
Ammunition Containing Toxic Agents / 13.4.2:
Suspect Ammunition and Explosives / 13.4.3:
Ammunition Containing Pyrotechnics / 13.4.4:
Ammunition Containing Depleted Uranium / 13.4.5:
Design Requirements of Underground Ammunition Storage Facility / 13.5:
Safety Requirements / 13.5.1:
Military Requirements / 13.5.2:
Financial Aspects / 13.5.3:
Humidity Control and Ventilation / 13.5.4:
Electric Installations and Equipment / 13.5.5:
Lightning Protection / 13.5.6:
Transport and Handling Equipment / 13.5.7:
Fire-Fighting Equipment / 13.5.8:
Facility Layout / 13.6:
Design Guidelines / 13.6.1:
Underground Chambers / 13.6.2:
Exits / 13.6.3:
Branch Passageways / 13.6.4:
Blast Closures / 13.6.5:
Expansion Chambers / 13.6.6:
Constrictions / 13.6.7:
Debris Traps within Underground Facility / 13.6.8:
Blast Traps / 13.6.9:
Portal Barricade / 13.6.10:
Interior Wall Roughness / 13.6.11:
Depth of Cover above Storage Chambers / 13.6.12:
Chamber Separation Requirement / 13.6.13:
Sympathetic Detonation by Rock Spall / 13.7:
Case History / 13.8:
Underground Ammunition Storage Facility, Singapore
Underground Nuclear Waste Repositories / 14:
Types of Radioactive Nuclear Waste / 14.1:
Underground Research Laboratory / 14.3:
Stripa Underground Research Facility / 14.3.1:
Concept of Barriers / 14.4:
Design Aspects of Underground Repository / 14.5:
Vertical Emplacement in a Pit / 14.5.1:
Alternative System Layout for Very Long Hole (VLH) / 14.5.2:
Instrumentation / 14.6:
Retrievability of Canister / 14.7:
Public Acceptance of Radioactive Waste Repository / 14.8:
Contractual Risk Sharing / 15:
The Risk / 15.1:
Management of Risk / 15.2:
Risk Management Tools-Fault Tree Analysis / 15.2.1:
Recommendations of International Tunnelling Association / 15.2.2:
Recommendations of International Standard Organisation / 15.2.3:
Role of Engineering Leaders / 15.2.4:
Construction Planning and Risk / 15.3:
Time and Cost Estimates / 15.4:
Annexure
Index
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Underground Space and Its Requirement / 1.1:
2.

電子ブック

EB
Sam Kubba
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Butterworth-Heinemann, 2012
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Foreword
Acknowledgments
Introduction: The Green Movement-Myths, History, and Overview
Green Building: Myths and Realities
Green Building and the Green Movement: its History
Green Building: An Overview
The U.S. Built Environment
Green Concepts and Vocabulary / 1:
The Green Building Movement Today / 1.1:
Green Basics-What Makes a Building Green? / 1.2:
Going Green: Incentives, Barriers, and Benefits / 1.3:
Establishing Measurable Green Criteria / 1.4:
Emerging Directions / 1.5:
Components of Sustainable Design and Construction / 2:
Introduction / 2.1:
Green Building Evaluation Systems / 2.2:
USGBC's LEED Certification and Rating System / 2.3:
The Green Globes Rating System / 2.4:
Green Rating Standards Used Worldwide / 2.5:
Green Design and the Construction Process / 3:
Green Building Principles and Components / 3.1:
High-Performance Design Strategies / 3.3:
Design Process for High-Performance Buildings / 3.4:
Green Project Delivery Systems / 3.5:
Traditional Green Design-Bid-Build Project Delivery / 3.6:
Green Construction Management / 3.7:
Green Design-Build Project Delivery / 3.8:
Green Project Cost Monitoring and Closeout / 4:
Front-End Analysis / 4.1:
Requisition Format / 4.3:
Site Visits and Observations / 4.4:
Loan Disbursements-Draw Application Reviews / 4.5:
Preparing the Project Status Report / 4.6:
Final Certification and Project Closeout / 4.7:
Quality Control and Quality Assurance / 4.8:
Building Information Modeling / 5:
Brief History and Overview / 5.1:
Basic Benefits, Challenges, and Risks of Using BIM / 5.2:
Integrated Project Delivery-Sharing Intelligent Data for Sustainable Solutions / 5.3:
Building Form with BIM / 5.4:
Building Systems with BIM / 5.5:
The Future of BIM and Its Use Worldwide / 5.6:
Green Building Materials and Products / 6:
Low-Emitting Materials / 6.1:
Building and Material Reuse / 6.3:
Construction Waste Management / 6.4:
Recycled Materials / 6.5:
Regional Materials / 6.6:
Rapidly Renewable Materials / 6.7:
Green Office Equipment / 6.8:
Forestry Certification and Certified Wood / 6.9:
Life-Cycle Assessment and Cost Analysis of Building Materials and Products / 6.10:
Third-Party Certification / 6.11:
Indoor Environmental Quality / 7:
Factors That Affect Indoor Environmental Quality / 7.1:
Ventilation and Filtration / 7.3:
Building Materials and Finishes: Emittance Levels / 7.4:
Indoor Environmental Quality Best Practices / 7.5:
Water Efficiency and Sanitary Waste / 8:
Wastewater Strategy and Water Reuse/Recycling / 8.1:
Water Fixtures and Water Use Reduction Strategies / 8.3:
Retention and Detention Ponds, Bioswales, and Other Systems / 8.4:
Impact of Energy and Atmosphere / 9:
The Building Envelope / 9.1:
Intelligent Energy Management Systems / 9.3:
Mechanical Systems: Air Conditioning, Heating, and Ventilation / 9.4:
Electrical Power and Lighting Systems / 9.5:
Solar Energy Systems / 9.6:
Federal Tax Credits Energy Efficiency / 9.7:
Fire Suppression and Protection Systems / 9.8:
Green Design and Building Economics / 10:
Costs and Benefits of Green Design / 10.1:
Life-Cycle Costing / 10.3:
Tax Benefits and Incentives / 10.4:
Other Green Building Costs / 10.5:
Economic Analysis Tools and Methods / 10.6:
Green Project Commissioning / 11:
Fundamental Commissioning Basics: What is Commissioning? / 11.1:
Building Commissioning Objectives, Benefits, and Costs / 11.3:
Planning the Commissioning Process / 11.4:
Commissioning Authority (Commissioning Service Provider) / 11.5:
The Commissioning Process / 11.6:
Project Cost Analysis / 12:
Budget Development and Requirements / 12.1:
Project Buyout and Bid Shopping / 12.3:
General Conditions and Supplemental Conditions / 12.4:
Contingencies and Allowances / 12.5:
Green Project Cost Management / 12.6:
Green Specifications and Documentation / 13:
Do We Need Specifications? / 13.1:
Specification Types and Categories / 13.3:
Developing the Project Manual / 13.4:
Organization and Format of Specifications / 13.5:
Greening Specifications / 13.6:
Computerized Specification-Writing Systems / 13.7:
Liability Issues / 13.8:
Types of Building Contract Agreements / 14:
Bidding Process and Building Contract Types / 14.1:
Bid Solicitation and Types of Building Contracts / 14.3:
American Institute of Architects Contract Documents / 14.4:
ConsensusDOCS Contract Documents / 14.5:
Engineers Joint Contract Documents Committee Contract Documents / 14.6:
Green Business Development / 15:
The Office: Home-Based versus Bricks and Mortar / 15.1:
Creating a Successful Business Plan / 15.3:
Startup Basics / 15.4:
Creating an Image and Marketing a New Business / 15.5:
Tracking and Identifying Sources for Leads / 15.6:
The Importance of Selling Yourself / 15.7:
Forms, Licenses and Permits, Insurance, and Banking / 15.8:
Taxes, Strategies, and Incentives / 15.9:
The Internet and Online Marketing / 15.10:
Building Green Litigation and Liability Issues / 16:
Failure, Negligence, and Standard of Care / 16.1:
Alternative Dispute Resolution versus Traditional Litigation / 16.4:
Insurance Programs and Requirements / 16.5:
Appendices
Acronyms and Abbreviations / A:
Glossary / B:
Bibliography
Index
Foreword
Acknowledgments
Introduction: The Green Movement-Myths, History, and Overview
3.

電子ブック

EB
Mohamed Abdallah El-Reedy
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Gulf Professional Publishing, 2011
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Preface
The Author
Introduction to Offshore Structures / 1:
Introduction / 1.1:
History of Offshore Structures / 1.2:
Overview of Field Development / 1.3:
Field-Development Cost / 1.3.1:
Multicriteria Concept Selection / 1.3.2:
Feed Requirements / 1.4:
Types of Offshore Platforms / 1.5:
Different Types of Offshore Structures / 1.6:
Minimal Offshore Structure / 1.7:
Preview of This Book / 1.8:
Bibliography
Offshore Structure Loads and Strength / 2:
Gravity Loads / 2.1:
Dead Load / 2.2.1:
Live Load / 2.2.2:
Impact Load / 2.2.3:
Design for Serviceability Limit State / 2.2.4:
Helicopter Landing Loads / 2.2.5:
Crane Support Structures / 2.2.6:
Wind Load / 2.3:
Stair Design / 2.4:
Wind Loads / 2.4.1:
Offshore Loads / 2.5:
Wave Load / 2.5.1:
Current Force / 2.5.2:
Earthquake Load / 2.5.3:
Ice Loads / 2.5.4:
Other Loads / 2.5.5:
Design for Ultimate Limit State (ULS) / 2.6:
Load Factors / 2.6.1:
Extreme Environmental Situation for Fixed Offshore Platforms / 2.6.2:
Operating Environmental Situations-Fixed Platforms / 2.6.3:
Partial Action Factors for Platform Design / 2.6.4:
Collision Events / 2.7:
Vessel Collision / 2.7.1:
Fires and Explosions / 2.8:
Material Strength / 2.9:
Steel Groups / 2.9.1:
Steel Classes / 2.9.2:
References
Offshore Structure Platform Design / 3:
Preliminary Dimensions / 3.1:
Approximate Dimensions / 3.2.1:
Bracing System / 3.3:
Jacket Design / 3.4:
Structure Analysis / 3.5:
Global Structure Analysis / 3.5.1:
The Loads on Piles / 3.5.2:
Modeling Techniques / 3.5.3:
Dynamic Structure Analysis / 3.5.4:
In-place Analysis According to ISO 19902 / 3.5.5:
Cylinder Member Strength / 3.6:
Cylinder Member Strength Calculation According to ISO 19902 / 3.6.1:
Cylinder Member Strength Calculation / 3.6.2:
Tubular Joint Design / 3.7:
Simple Joint Calculation API RP2A (2007) / 3.7.1:
Joint Calculation According to API RP2A (2000) / 3.7.2:
Fatigue Analysis / 3.7.3:
Topside Design / 3.8:
Grating Design / 3.8.1:
Handrails, Walkways, Stairways and Ladders / 3.8.2:
Boat Landing Design / 3.9:
Boat Landing Calculation / 3.9.1:
Riser Guard Design / 3.9.2:
Boat Landing Design Using the Nonlinear Analysis Method / 3.9.3:
Boat Impact Methods / 3.9.4:
Tubular Member Denting Analysis / 3.9.5:
Riser Guard / 3.10:
On-Bottom Stability / 3.11:
Bridges / 3.12:
Crane Loads / 3.13:
Lift Installation Loads / 3.14:
Vortex-Induced Vibrations / 3.15:
Helideck Design / 3.16:
Structure Analysis and Design Quality Control / 3.17:
Geotechnical Data and Pile Design / 4:
Investigation Procedure / 4.1:
Performing an Offshore Investigation / 4.2.1:
Drilling Equipment and Method / 4.2.2:
Wire-Line Sampling Technique / 4.2.3:
Offshore Soil Investigation Problems / 4.2.4:
Soil Tests / 4.3:
In-Situ Testing / 4.4:
Cone Penetration Test (CPT) / 4.4.1:
Field Vane Test / 4.4.2:
Soil Properties / 4.5:
Strength / 4.5.1:
Soil Characterization / 4.5.2:
Pile Foundations / 4.6:
Pile Capacity for Axial Loads / 4.6.1:
Foundation Size / 4.6.2:
Axial Pile Performance / 4.6.3:
Pile Capacity Calculation Methods / 4.6.4:
Pile Capacity under Cyclic Loadings / 4.6.5:
Scour / 4.7:
Pile Wall Thickness / 4.8:
Design Pile Stresses / 4.8.1:
Stresses Due to Hammer Effect / 4.8.2:
Minimum Wall Thickness / 4.8.3:
Driving Shoe and Head / 4.8.4:
Pile Section Lengths / 4.8.5:
Pile Drivability Analysis / 4.9:
Evaluation of Soil Resistance to Driving (SRD) / 4.9.1:
Unit Shaft Resistance and Unit End Bearing for Uncemented Materials / 4.9.2:
Upper- and Lower-Bound SRD / 4.9.3:
Results of Wave Equation Analyses / 4.9.4:
Results of Drivability Calculations / 4.9.5:
Recommendations for Pile Installation / 4.9.6:
Soil Investigation Report / 4.10:
Fabrication and Installation / 5:
Construction Procedure / 5.1:
Engineering of Execution / 5.3:
Fabrication / 5.4:
Joint Fabrication / 5.4.1:
Fabrication Based on ISO / 5.4.2:
Jacket Assembly and Erection / 5.5:
Weight Control / 5.6:
Weight Calculation / 5.6.1:
Loads from Transportation, Launch and Lifting Operations / 5.7:
Lifting Procedure and Calculations / 5.8:
Lifting Calculations / 5.8.1:
Lifting Structural Calculations / 5.8.2:
Lift Point Design / 5.8.3:
Clearances / 5.8.4:
Lifting Calculation Report / 5.8.5:
Load-out Process / 5.9:
Transportation Process / 5.10:
Supply Boats / 5.10.1:
Anchor-handling Boats / 5.10.2:
Towboats / 5.10.3:
Towing / 5.10.4:
Drilling Vessels / 5.10.5:
Crew Boats / 5.10.6:
Barges / 5.10.7:
Crane Barges / 5.10.8:
Offshore Derrick Barges (Fully Revolving) / 5.10.9:
Jack-up Construction Barges / 5.10.10:
Transportation Loads / 5.11:
Launching and Upending Forces / 5.12:
Installation and Pile Handling / 5.13:
Corrosion Protection / 6:
Corrosion in Seawater / 6.1:
Corrosion of Steel in Seawater / 6.1.2:
Choice of System Type / 6.1.3:
Geometric Shape / 6.1.4:
Coatings and Corrosion Protection of Steel Structures / 6.2:
Corrosion Stresses Due to the Atmosphere, Water and Soil / 6.3:
Classification of Environments / 6.3.1:
Mechanical, Temperature and Combined Stresses / 6.3.2:
Cathodic Protection Design Considerations / 6.4:
Environmental Parameters / 6.4.1:
Design Criteria / 6.4.2:
Protective Potentials / 6.4.3:
Negative Impact of CP on the Structure Jacket / 6.4.4:
Galvanic Anode Materials Performance / 6.4.5:
CP Design Parameters / 6.4.6:
Design Calculation for CP System / 6.4.7:
Design Example / 6.5:
General Design Considerations / 6.6:
Anode Manufacture / 6.7:
Installation of Anodes / 6.8:
Allowable Tolerance for Anode Dimensions / 6.9:
Internal and External Inspection / 6.9.1:
Assessment of Existing Structures and Repairs / 7:
API RP2A: Historical Background / 7.1:
Environmental Loading Provisions / 7.2.1:
Regional Environmental Design Parameters / 7.2.2:
Member Resistance Calculation / 7.2.3:
Joint Strength Calculation / 7.2.4:
Fatigue / 7.2.5:
Pile Foundation Design / 7.2.6:
Den/HSE Guidance Notes for Fixed Offshore Design / 7.3:
Joint Strength Equations / 7.3.1:
Foundations / 7.3.3:
Definition of Design Condition / 7.3.5:
Currents / 7.3.6:
Wind / 7.3.7:
Waves / 7.3.8:
Deck Air Gap / 7.3.9:
Historical Review of Major North Sea Incidents / 7.3.10:
Historical Assessment of Environmental Loading Design Practice / 7.4:
Environmental Parameters for Structure Design / 7.4.1:
Fluid Loading Analysis / 7.4.2:
Development of API RP2A Member Resistance Equations / 7.5:
Allowable Stresses for Cylindrical Members / 7.6:
Axial Tension / 7.6.1:
Axial Compression / 7.6.2:
Bending / 7.6.3:
Shear / 7.6.4:
Hydrostatic Pressure / 7.6.5:
Combined Axial Tension and Bending / 7.6.6:
Combined Axial Compression and Bending / 7.6.7:
Combined Axial Tension and Hydrostatic Pressure / 7.6.8:
Combined Axial Compression and Hydrostatic Pressure / 7.6.9:
AISC Historical Background / 7.6.10:
Pile Design Historical Background / 7.6.11:
Effects of Changes in Tubular Member Design / 7.6.12:
Failure Due to Fire / 7.7:
Degree of Utilization / 7.7.1:
Tension Member Design by EC3 / 7.7.2:
Unrestrained Beams / 7.7.3:
Example: Strength Design for Steel Beams / 7.7.4:
Steel Column: Strength Design / 7.7.5:
Case Study: Deck Fire / 7.7.6:
Case Study: Platform Failure / 7.8:
Strength Reduction / 7.8.1:
Environmental Load Effect / 7.8.2:
Structure Assessment / 7.8.3:
Assessment of Platform / 7.9:
Nonlinear Structural Analysis in Ultimate Strength Design / 7.9.1:
Structural Modeling / 7.9.2:
Determining the Probability of Structural Failure / 7.9.3:
Offshore Structure Acceptance Criteria / 7.9.4:
Reliability Analysis / 7.9.5:
Software Requirement / 7.9.6:
Case Study: Platform Decommissioning / 7.10:
Scour Problem / 7.11:
Offshore Platform Repair / 7.12:
Deck Repair / 7.12.1:
Load Reduction / 7.12.2:
Jacket Repair / 7.12.3:
Dry Welding / 7.12.4:
Example: Platform Underwater Repair / 7.12.5:
Example: Platform "Shear Pups" Repair / 7.12.6:
Case Study: Underwater Repair for Platform Structure / 7.12.7:
Case Study: Platform Underwater Repair / 7.12.8:
Clamps / 7.12.9:
Example: Drilling Platform Stabilization after Hurricane Lili / 7.12.10:
Grouting / 7.12.11:
Composite Technology / 7.12.12:
Example: Using FRP / 7.12.13:
Case Study: Conductor Composite Repair / 7.12.14:
Fiberglass Access Decks / 7.12.15:
Fiberglass Mud Mats / 7.12.16:
Case Study: Repair of the Flare Jacket / 7.12.17:
Case Study: Repair of Bearing Support / 7.12.18:
Risk-Based inspection Technique / 8:
SIM Methodology / 8.1:
Qualitative Risk Assessment for Fleet Structures / 8.3:
Likelihood (Probability) Factors / 8.3.1:
Consequence Factors / 8.3.2:
Overall Risk Ranking / 8.3.3:
Underwater Inspection Plan / 8.4:
Underwater Inspection (According to API SIM 2005) / 8.4.1:
Baseline Underwater Inspection / 8.4.2:
Routine Underwater Inspection Scope of Work / 8.4.3:
Inspection Plan Based on ISO 9000 / 8.4.4:
Inspection and Repair Strategy / 8.4.5:
Flooded Member Inspection / 8.4.6:
Anode Retrofit Maintenance Program / 8.5:
Assessment Process / 8.6:
Collecting Data / 8.6.1:
Mitigation and Risk Reduction / 8.6.2:
Consequence Mitigation / 8.7.1:
Reduction of the Probability of Platform Failure / 8.7.2:
Occurrence of Member Failures with Time / 8.8:
Index
Preface
The Author
Introduction to Offshore Structures / 1:
4.

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EB
James E. H. Douglas, Edward A. Noy
出版情報: Wiley Online Library Online Books , Chichester : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2010
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Preface to Fourth Edition
Acknowledgements
General Principles and Responsibilities / 1:
What is a building survey / 1.1:
Housing quality initiatives / 1.2:
Other housing quality initiatives / 1.3:
Housing health and safety rating system (HHSRS) / 1.4:
Domestic survey implications / 1.5:
NonâÇôdomestic condition rating system / 1.6:
Condition appraisal / 1.7:
The purpose of the survey / 1.8:
SurveyorâDzs responsibilities / 1.9:
Contracts and fees / 1.10:
Procedure and Equipment / 2:
Basic survey methodology / 2.1:
Preliminary operations / 2.2:
Property risks / 2.3:
Equipment for measured drawing surveys / 2.4:
Equipment for surveying buildings and examining defects / 2.5:
Measurement of Existing Buildings / 3:
Preliminaries / 3.1:
Internal measuring / 3.2:
Roof space / 3.3:
External measuring / 3.4:
Levelling / 3.5:
Plotting the survey / 3.6:
Surveys of Historic Buildings / 4:
General considerations / 4.1:
Medieval churches / 4.2:
Church towers / 4.3:
Church bells and fittings / 4.4:
Measured drawings / 4.5:
Foundation Failures / 5:
Introduction / 5.1:
Causes of failure / 5.2:
Differential movement / 5.3:
Inadequate foundations / 5.4:
Overloading / 5.5:
Unequal settlement / 5.6:
Effect of tree roots / 5.7:
Shallow foundations / 5.8:
Building on sloping sites / 5.9:
Building on made up ground / 5.10:
Diagnosis / 5.11:
Defective Walls and Partitions Above Ground / 6:
Type of failure / 6.1:
Bulging and leaning walls / 6.2:
Thermal and moisture movements / 6.3:
Failure in arches and lintels / 6.5:
Defective materials and chemical action / 6.6:
Failures in bonding and defects at junctions / 6.7:
Frost failure / 6.8:
Cavity walls / 6.9:
BuiltâÇôin iron and steel members / 6.10:
Tile and slate hanging and weatherboarding / 6.11:
Partitions / 6.12:
Assessment of cracks / 6.13:
Natural stone masonry / 6.14:
Defects in stonework / 6.15:
Cast stone / 6.16:
Recording defects / 6.17:
Reinforced Concrete, Cladding Materials and Structural Steelwork / 7:
Description / 7.1:
Corrosion and cracking / 7.2:
Aggregates / 7.3:
High alumina cement / 7.4:
Thermal expansion / 7.5:
Frost damage / 7.6:
Electrolytic action / 7.7:
Lightweight aggregates / 7.8:
Deflection / 7.9:
Brick panel walls in reinforced concrete frames / 7.10:
NoâÇôfines concrete housing / 7.12:
Autoclaved aerated concrete / 7.13:
Concrete cladding defects / 7.14:
Joint problems / 7.16:
Metallic fasteners / 7.17:
Metal profile sheeting / 7.18:
Damp Penetration and Condensation / 7.19:
Damp courses / 8.1:
Solid walls with DPC absent or defective / 8.3:
Stone walls in older buildings / 8.5:
Basement walls and floors / 8.6:
Heaped earth or paving against walls and bridging of rendering / 8.7:
Internal partitions / 8.8:
Rising damp in ground floors / 8.9:
Rising damp in old timberâÇôframed buildings / 8.10:
Locating damp penetration / 8.11:
Parapet walls / 8.12:
Leaks in plumbing systems / 8.13:
Causes / 8.15:
Problems with flues / 8.17:
Timber Decay and Insect Attack / 9:
Conclusion / 9.1:
Roof Structures and Coverings / 10:
General investigations / 10.1:
Defects from natural causes / 10.3:
Timber pitched roofs / 10.4:
Timber flat roofs / 10.5:
Steel trusses and lattice girders / 10.6:
Older type roofs / 10.7:
Services and other fittings in the roof space / 10.8:
Electrical installation / 10.9:
Roof insulation / 10.10:
Party walls in roof space / 10.11:
Types of slate / 10.12:
Ridges, hips and valleys / 10.14:
Examination of a slate roof / 10.15:
Tiled roofs / 10.16:
Bituminous felt and polymeric sheet roofing / 10.17:
Asphalt / 10.18:
Copper / 10.19:
Lead / 10.20:
Zinc / 10.21:
Aluminium / 10.22:
Stone slates / 10.23:
Asbestos cement and translucent roofing sheets / 10.24:
Asbestos cement slates / 10.25:
Corrugated iron / 10.26:
Thatch / 10.27:
Wood shingles / 10.28:
Roof lights / 10.29:
Duckboards / 10.30:
Fireplaces, Flues and Chimney Stacks / 11:
Domestic fireplaces and flue entry / 11.1:
DownâÇôdraught due to external conditions / 11.3:
Flue investigation / 11.4:
Flues serving gas fires / 11.5:
Flues serving oilâÇôfired boilers / 11.6:
Hearths / 11.7:
Old fireplaces / 11.8:
Rebuilding / 11.9:
Chimney stacks / 11.10:
Industrial chimney shafts / 11.11:
Timber Upper Floors, Floor Coverings, Staircases and Ladders / 12:
Structural timber floor defects / 12.1:
Boarded floors / 12.3:
Chipboard flooring / 12.5:
Hardwood strip flooring / 12.6:
Wood block / 12.7:
Floor screeds / 12.8:
Granolithic paving / 12.9:
Terrazzo / 12.10:
Cork tiles / 12.11:
Linoleum / 12.12:
Rubber flooring / 12.13:
Thermoplastic, PVC and vinyl asbestos tiles / 12.14:
Clay floor tiles / 12.15:
Concrete tiles / 12.16:
Magnesite flooring / 12.17:
Mastic asphalt and pitch mastic paving / 12.18:
Rubber latex cement flooring / 12.19:
Metal tiles / 12.20:
Slate / 12.21:
Marble in tile or slab form / 12.22:
Timber staircases / 12.23:
Metal staircases and ladders / 12.25:
Reinforced concrete stairs / 12.26:
Finishes and Joinery Externally and Internally / 13:
Types of plaster / 13.1:
Plasterboards and wallboards / 13.3:
Metal lathing / 13.4:
Plaster wall and ceiling defects / 13.5:
Old plaster ceilings / 13.6:
Types of board / 13.7:
Common defects / 13.8:
Types of tiling and fixings / 13.9:
Common defects in finishes / 13.10:
Types of partition and finish / 13.11:
Doors and windows / 13.12:
Skirtings, architraves and picture rails / 13.13:
Cupboard fitments / 13.14:
Ironmongery / 13.15:
Examination of defects / 13.16:
Rendering defects / 13.17:
Pointing / 13.19:
Defects due to poor application or unsuitable backgrounds / 13.20:
Interior finishes / 13.21:
Exterior paintwork / 13.22:
Metal surfaces / 13.23:
Historic buildings / 13.24:
Symptoms and defects / 13.25:
Services / 14:
Types of pipework / 14.1:
Guide to checking cold water installations / 14.3:
Old lead pipes / 14.4:
Direct and indirect systems / 14.5:
OilâÇôfired boilers / 14.6:
GasâÇôfired boilers / 14.7:
Wall mounted water heaters / 14.8:
Gas fires / 14.9:
Items to check / 14.10:
Immersion heaters / 14.11:
Storage heaters / 14.12:
Boiler flues / 14.13:
Materials / 14.14:
Wash basins and shower trays / 14.17:
Baths / 14.18:
Bidets / 14.19:
Sinks / 14.20:
Taps / 14.21:
Water closets and cisterns / 14.22:
Urinals / 14.23:
Types of soil and waste disposal systems / 14.24:
Pipes / 14.26:
Wiring systems / 14.27:
The ring circuits / 14.30:
Testing and inspecting installations / 14.31:
Regulation of electrical installation work in dwellings / 14.32:
Checking defects / 14.33:
Gas meter location / 14.35:
Lift pit / 14.36:
Lift shaft / 14.38:
Machine room / 14.39:
Prevention of damage / 14.40:
Small service lifts / 14.41:
Hand power hoists / 14.42:
Stair lifts / 14.43:
Natural ventilation / 14.44:
Mechanical ventilation / 14.45:
Air conditioning / 14.46:
External Works / 15:
Property erected before 1900 / 15.1:
Property erected after 1900 / 15.3:
Sketch plan of the system / 15.4:
Pipes and fittings / 15.5:
Drainage defects / 15.6:
Testing / 15.7:
Water test / 15.8:
Air and smoke test / 15.9:
Adjoining ownersâDz drains / 15.10:
Inspection chambers / 15.11:
Deep inspection chambers / 15.12:
BackâÇôdrop chambers / 15.13:
Interceptors / 15.14:
Access covers and frames / 15.15:
gulleys and grease traps
Gulleys / 15.16:
Inspecting and checking gulley defects 280 / 15.17:
antiâÇôflood devices, petrol interceptors and drainage
channels 280
AntiâÇôflood devices / 15.18:
Petrol interceptors / 15.19:
Drainage channels and gratings / 15.20:
Cesspools/cesspits / 15.21:
Septic tanks / 15.22:
Pumping stations / 15.23:
Disposal systems from roofs / 15.24:
Disposal of surface water from paved areas / 15.25:
Soakaways / 15.26:
Recommendations / 15.27:
The function of carriageways / 15.28:
Flexible paving / 15.29:
Concrete paving / 15.30:
Blocks and slabs / 15.31:
Tiles and setts / 15.32:
Gravel and hoggin / 15.33:
Examination of pavings / 15.34:
Ownership of fences and walls / 15.35:
Brick and stone boundary walls / 15.37:
Retaining walls / 15.38:
Timber and metal fencing / 15.39:
Types of fencing and their defects / 15.40:
Gates / 15.41:
Inspection and checking defects / 15.42:
Small domestic dwellings / 15.44:
Large blocks of flats / 15.45:
Lightning conductors / 15.46:
Trees / 15.47:
Fire and Flood Damage / 16:
Preliminary investigation / 16.1:
Brickwork / 16.3:
Concrete structures / 16.4:
Stonework / 16.5:
Steel beams, columns and roof trusses / 16.6:
Timber / 16.7:
Roof structure / 16.8:
Pitched roof coverings / 16.9:
Flat roof coverings / 16.10:
Floors / 16.11:
Internal and external finishes / 16.12:
Recording the defects / 16.13:
Preliminary examination / 16.15:
General effects of flooding / 16.17:
Foundations / 16.18:
Ground floors / 16.19:
Suspended ground floors / 16.20:
Floor finishes / 16.21:
Wall finishes / 16.22:
Metal finishes and fastenings / 16.23:
Drainage systems / 16.24:
Pavings / 16.25:
Report Writing / 16.26:
Presentation / 17.1:
Report writing criteria / 17.3:
Arrangement of information / 17.4:
Format / 17.5:
Valuations / 17.6:
Legal Aspects / 18:
Negligence defined / 18.1:
Duty of care / 18.3:
Breach of duty / 18.4:
Damages / 18.5:
Accuracy of estimates / 18.6:
Brief reports / 18.7:
Parties in tort / 18.8:
Type of survey required / 18.9:
Professional negligence relating to surveying buildings / 18.10:
Recent negligence cases / 18.11:
Disclaimers and limitation periods / 18.12:
Trespass / 18.13:
Party structures / 18.14:
Indemnity insurance / 18.15:
Property claims / 18.16:
Appendices
Definitions of Inspections and Surveys of Buildings (CIC Explanatory Leaflet) / Appendix I:
Sample Extracts of Survey Schedules & Checklists / Appendix II:
Checklist for Property and Site Surveys / Appendix III:
Checklist for Building Surveys / Appendix IV:
Surveying Safely (Based on RICS 2004) / Appendix V:
Report on Roof Defects (Village Hall) / Appendix VI:
Report on Property to be Purchased / Appendix VII:
Glossary of Building Inspection and Related Terms / Appendix VIII:
Bibliography
Index
Preface to Fourth Edition
Acknowledgements
General Principles and Responsibilities / 1:
5.

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EJ
出版情報: Elsevier SD Elsevier , UNITED STATES : Elsevier
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EJ
出版情報: IEEE CONF , Silver Spring, Md. : IEEE Computer Society Press
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電子ジャーナル

EJ
出版情報: IEEE CONF , N.Y., N.Y. : IEEE
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EJ
出版情報: IEEE CONF , New York, N.Y. : Association for Computing Machinery
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EJ
出版情報: ACM Digital Library , [New York] : Association for Computing Machinery
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EJ
出版情報: ACM Digital Library , New York, N.Y. : Association for Computing Machinery
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