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図書

東工大
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図書
東工大
目次DB
Takaaki Tsurumi ... [et al.]
出版情報: Boca Raton [Fla.] : CRC Press, c2010  xii, 267 p., [8] p. of plates ; 25 cm
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Preface vii
Acknowledgments ix
Authors xi
Chapter 1 Fundamentals of quantum mechanics and band structure 1
   1.1 Fundamentals of quantum mechanics 1
    1.1.1 Probability amplitude and interference effects 1
    1.1.2 Uncertainty principle 5
    1.1.3 Wave functions 7
    1.1.4 Operators 8
    1.1.5 Eigenvalue and expected value 10
    1.1.6 Expansion theorem 10
    1.1.7 Schroedinger equation 11
    1.1.8 Principle of superposition 13
    1.1.9 Examples of solutions of the Schroedinger equation 14
     1.1.9.1 Electron in a one-dimensional (1D) box 14
     1.1.9.2 Harmonic oscillator 15
     1.1.9.3 Hydrogen atom 16
    1.1.10 Matrix mechanics and bra-ket (Dirac) notation 18
    1.1.11 Comparison of the Heisenberg and Schroedinger approaches to quantum mechanics 20
    1.1.12 Perturbation theory 22
   1.2 Electronic band structure of solids 27
    1.2.1 Free electron Fermi gas 27
    1.2.2 Nearly free electron model (DOS) 31
    1.2.3 Bloch function 33
    1.2.4 Kroenig-Penny model 33
    1.2.5 Tight binding model 35
    1.2.6 Phase velocity, group velocity, and effective mass 37
    1.2.7 Reciprocal lattice and the Brillouin zone 40
    1.2.8 Energy band structure of silicon (Si) 44
    1.2.9 Tight binding approximation for calculating the band structure of graphene 45
    1.2.10 Electron correlation 51
     1.2.10.1 Hartree-Fock approximation 51
     1.2.10.2 Density functional method 54
   1.3 Material properties with respect to characteristic size in nanostructures 56
   Problems 60
   References 60
Chapter 2 Electronic states and electrical properties of nanoscale materials 63
   2.1 Outline 63
   2.2 Low dimensionality and energy spectrum 64
    2.2.1 Space for electrons in materials 64
    2.2.2 Electron DOS of 3D materials with macroscopic dimensions 65
    2.2.3 Electron DOS in 2D materials (nanosheets) 67
    2.2.4 Electron DOS in lD materials (nanowires) 72
    2.2.5 Quantized conductance in 1D nanowire systems 74
    2.2.6 Electron DOS in 0D materials (nanodots) 77
   2.3 Quantization 79
    2.3.1 2D square wells 80
    2.3.2 2D cylindrical wells 83
    2.3.3 Shape effect on the quantized states 85
    2.3.4 Finite potential wells 87
    2.3.5 Band dispersion effect 93
   2.4 Edge (surface)-localized states 96
   2.5 Charging effect 100
   2.6 Tunneling phenomena 103
   2.7 Limiting factors for size effects 111
    2.7.1 Thermal fluctuation 111
    2.7.2 Lifetime broadening effect 113
   2.8 Electronically induced stable nanostructures 115
    2.8.1 Magic numbers in clusters 116
    2.8.2 Electronic growth 119
   Problems 122
   References 123
Chapter 3 Optical properties and interactions of nanoscale materials 125
   3.1 Size-dependent optical properties: Absorption and emission 125
    3.1.1 Basic quantum mechanics of linear optical transitions 126
    3.1.2 General concept of excitons 133
    3.1.3 Wannier excitons 135
    3.1.4 Size effects in high-dielectric-constant materials 136
    3.1.5 Size effects in π-conjugated systems 140
    3.1.6 Strongly interacting π-conjugated systems: A molecular dimer 144
    3.1.7 Molecular Frenkel exciton 149
    3.1.8 Size effects in molecular excitons: Coherence length and cooperative phenomena 153
    3.1.9 Effects of finite number of optical electrons 157
   3.2 Size-dependent optical properties: Absorption and scattering 158
    3.2.1 Basic theory of light scattering 160
    3.2.2 Size-dependent scattering from dielectric spheres: Mie solutions 164
    3.2.3 Optical properties of metal nanoparticles: Plasmonics 169
    3.2.4 Local field enhancement and surface-enhanced Raman scattering 176
   3.3 Size-dependent electromagnetic interactions: Particle-particle 179
    3.3.1 Radiative energy transfer 179
    3.3.2 Foerster resonant energy transfer (FRET) 180
    3.3.3 Electron-exchange (Dexter) energy transfer 187
    3.3.4 Photo-induced electron transfer 190
   3.4 Size-dependent interactions: Particle-light interactions in finite geometries 191
    3.4.1 Optical interactions in microcavities 191
    3.4.2 Effects of dielectric interfaces 198
   Problems 201
   References 204
Chapter 4 Magnetic and magnetotransport properties of nanoscale materials 207
   4.1 Fundamentals of magnetism 207
    4.1.1 Magnetic ions and magnetic ordering 207
    4.1.2 Exchange interaction 208
    4.1.3 Mean field theory of ferromagnetism 211
   4.2 Size and surface effects in 3D confined systems 213
    4.2.1 Quantization of electronic structures and the Kubo effect 214
    4.2.2 Surface magnetism of transition noble metals 220
   4.3 Ferromagnetic domain-wall-related phenomena 229
    4.3.1 Macroscopic quantum tunneling in magnetic nanostructures 229
    4.3.2 Electron scattering at domain walls: Quantum coherence 233
    4.3.3 Spin current and spin transfer torque-current-induced domain wall motion 235
   4.4 Spin transport in magnetic nanostructures: Magnetic interface effect 240
    4.4.1 GMR and TMR effect: Spin-dependent scattering in multilayers and tunneling junctions 240
    4.4.2 Spin accumulation and current-perpendicular-to-plane (CPP) GMR: Spin diffusion length 245
    4.4.3 Spin Hall effect: Side jump and skew scattering due to spin-orbit coupling 249
   Problems 253
   References 253
Index 257
Preface vii
Acknowledgments ix
Authors xi
2.

図書

図書
editors, Nikos Hadjichristidis ... [et al.]
出版情報: Singapore : John Wiley & Sons, 2011  xxiii, 832 p. ; 25 cm
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List of Contributors
Preface
About the Editors
Synthesis / Part 1:
Cyclic and Multicyclic Topological Polymers / Takuya Yamamoto ; Yasuyuki Tezuka1:
Ultrarapid Approaches to Mild Macromolecular Conjugation / Andrew J. Inglis ; Christopher Barner-Kowollik2:
Synthesis and Self-Assembly of Hydrogen-Bonded Supramolecular Polymers / Wolfgang H. Binder ; Claudia Enders ; Florian Herbst ; Katharina Hackethal3:
Recent Synthetic Developments in Miktoarm Star Polymers with More than Three Different Arms / Akira Hirao ; Mayumi Hayashi ; Tomoya Higashihara ; Nikos Hadjichristidis4:
Precise Synthesis of Dendrimer-Like Star-Branched Polymers, a New Class of Well-Defined Hyperbranched Polymers / Hee-Soo Yoo5:
Arborescent Polymers with a Mesoscopic Scale / Toufic Nabil Aridi ; Mario Gauthier6:
Hyperbranched Glyco-Conjugated Polymers / Toshifumi Satoh ; Toyoji Kakuchi7:
Highly Branched Functional Polymer Architectures by Click-Chemistry Strategies / Mieke Lammens ; Filip Du Prez8:
Living Alkene Polymerization for Polyolefin Architectures / Amelia M. Anderson-Wile ; Joseph B. Edson ; Geoffrey W. Coates9:
Precision Polyolefins / Erik B. Berda ; Kenneth B. Wagener10:
Polyhomologation: The Living Polymerization of Ylides / Jun Luo ; Kenneth J. Shea11:
Phenylenevinylene Homopolymers and Block Copolymers via Ring-Opening Metathesis Polymerization / Chin-Yang Yu ; Michael L. Turner12:
Block Copolymers Containing Rod Segments / Mitsuru Ueda13:
Synthesis of Well-Defined Poly(meth)acrylamides with Varied Stereoregularity by Living Anionic Polymerization / Takashi Ishizone14:
Complex Macromolecular Chimeras / Hermis Iatrou ; Marinos Pitsikalis ; Georgios Sakellariouand Nikos Hadjichristidis15:
Characterization And Self-Assembly / Part 2:
Self-Assembly and Applications of Polyferrocenylsilane Block Copolymers / George R. Whittell ; Jessica Gwyther ; David A. Rider ; Ian Manners16:
Functional Polymeric Nanostructures Prepared by Self-Assembly and Beyond / Rachel K. O'Reilly17:
Morphologies of Block and Star-Branched Polymers with Three Components / Hirokazu Hasegawa18:
Morphologies and Photophysical Properties of Conjugated Rod-Coil Block Copolymers / Chi-Ching Kuo ; Cheng-Liang Liu ; Wen-Chang Chen19:
Bulk Self-Assembly of Linear Hybrid Polypeptide-Based Diblock and Triblock Copolymers / Sebastien Lecommandoux20:
AFM Study of Comb (Co)Polymers with Complex Chain Architecture / Michel Schappacher ; Alain Deffieux)21:
Tunable Thermoresponsive Polymers by Molecular Design / Richard Hoogenboom22:
Fluorine-Containing Block Copolymers: Synthesis and Application as a Template for Nanocellular and Porous Structures Using Supercritical Carbon Dioxide / Hideaki Yokoyama ; Kenji Sugiyama23:
Architectural Polymers, Nanostructures, and Hierarchical Structures from Block Copolymers / Ian Wyman ; Guojun Liu24:
Block Copolymer Nanostructured Thin Films for Advanced Patterning / Michelle A. Chavis ; Evan L. Schwartz ; Christopher K. Ober25:
Ring Polymers: Effective Isolation and Unique Properties / Haskell W. Beckham26:
Acknowledgments
References
Index.
List of Contributors
Preface
About the Editors
3.

図書

図書
edited by Yasuyuki Tezuka
出版情報: Singapore ; New Jersey : World Scientific, c2013  xi, 352 p. ; 24 cm
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4.

図書

図書
Atelier Bow-Wow, Yoshiharu Tsukamoto, Momoyo Kaijima ; [editors, Ian Luna & Lauren A. Gould]
出版情報: New York : Rizzoli, c2010  360 p. ; 30 cm
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