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1.

図書

図書
edited by Didier Chatenay ... [et al.]
出版情報: Amsterdam ; Tokyo : Elsevier, 2005  xxiv, 354 p. ; 24 cm
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2.

図書

図書
edited by C.C. Chow ... [et al.]
出版情報: Amsterdam ; Tokyo : Elsevier, 2005  xxxii, 829 p. ; 24 cm
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3.

図書

図書
edited by H. Bouchiat ... [et al.]
出版情報: Amsterdam : Elsevier, 2005  xxxii, 607 p. ; 24 cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Lecturers
Seminar speakers
Participants
Preface
Fundamental aspects of electron correlations and quantum transport in one-dimensional systems / Dmitrii L. MaslovCourse 1:
Introduction / 1:
Non-Fermi liquid features of Fermi liquids: 1D physics in higher dimensions / 2:
Long-range effective interaction / 2.1:
1D kinematics in higher dimensions / 2.2:
Infrared catastrophe / 2.3:
Dzyaloshinskii-Larkin solution of the Tomonaga-Luttinger model / 3:
Hamiltonian, anomalous commutators, and conservation laws / 3.1:
Reducible and irreducible vertices / 3.2:
Ward identities / 3.3:
Effective interaction / 3.4:
Dyson equation for the Green's function / 3.5:
Solution for the case g[subscript 2] = g[subscript 4] / 3.6:
Physical properties / 3.7:
Renormalization group for interacting fermions / 4:
Single impurity in a 1D system: scattering theory for interacting fermions / 5:
First-order interaction correction to the transmission coefficient / 5.1:
Renormalization group / 5.2:
Electrons with spins / 5.3:
Comparison of bulk and edge tunneling exponents / 5.4:
Bosonization solution / 6:
Spinless fermions / 6.1:
Fermions with spin / 6.2:
Transport in quantum wires / 7:
Conductivity and conductance / 7.1:
Dissipation in a contactless measurement / 7.2:
Conductance of a wire attached to reservoirs / 7.3:
Spin component of the conductance / 7.4:
Thermal conductance: Fabry-Perrot resonances of plasmons / 7.5:
Polarization bubble for small q in arbitrary dimensionality / Appendix A:
Polarization bubble in 1D / Appendix B:
Small q / Appendix B.1:
q near 2k[subscript F] / Appendix B.2:
Some details of bosonization procedure / Appendix C:
Anomalous commutators / Appendix C.1:
Bosonic operators / Appendix C.2:
Problem with backscattering / Appendix C.3:
References
Impurity in the Tomonaga-Luttinger model: A functional integral approach / I.V. Lerner ; I.V. YurkevichSeminar 1:
Functional integral representation
The effective action for the Tomonaga-Luttinger Model
The bosonized action for free electrons
Gauging out the interaction
Tunnelling density of states near a single impurity
Jacobian of the gauge transformation
Novel phenomena in double layer two-dimensional electron systems / J.P. EisensteinCourse 2:
Overview of physics in the quantum hall regime
Basics
Quantized hall effects
Double layer systems
Coulomb drag between parallel 2D electron gases
Basic concept
Experimental
Elementary theory of Coulomb drag
Comparison between theory and experiment
Tunneling between parallel two-dimensional electron gases
Ideal 2D-2D tunneling / 4.1:
Lifetime broadening / 4.2:
2D-2D tunneling in a perpendicular magnetic field / 4.3:
Strongly-coupled bilayer 2D electron systems and excitonic superfluidity
Quantum hall ferromagnetism
Tunneling and interlayer phase coherence at v[subscript T] = 1
Excitonic superfluidity at v[subscript T] = 1
Detecting excitonic superfluidity / 5.5:
Conclusions
Many-body theory of non-equilibrium systems / Alex KamenevCourse 3:
Motivation and outline / 1.1:
Closed time contour / 1.2:
Free boson systems
Partition function
Green functions
Keldysh rotation
Keldysh action and causality / 2.4:
Free bosonic fields / 2.5:
Collisions and kinetic equation
Interactions
Saddle point equations
Dyson equation
Self-energy
Kinetic term
Collision integral
Particle in contact with an environment
Quantum dissipative action
Saddle-point equation
Classical limit
Langevin equations / 4.4:
Martin-Siggia-Rose / 4.5:
Thermal activation / 4.6:
Fokker-Planck equation / 4.7:
From Matsubara to Keldysh / 4.8:
Dissipative chains and membranes / 4.9:
Fermions
Free fermion Keldysh action
External fields and sources
Tunneling current
Kinetic equation / 5.6:
Disordered fermionic systems
Disorder averaging
Non-linear [sigma]-model
Usadel equation / 6.3:
Fluctuations / 6.4:
Spectral statistics / 6.5:
Gaussian integration
Single particle quantum mechanics
Non-linear quantum coherence effects in driven mesoscopic systems / V.E. KravtsovCourse 4:
Weak Anderson localization in disordered systems
Drude approximation
Beyond Drude approximation
Weak localization correction
Non-linear response to a time-dependent perturbation
General structure of nonlinear response function
Approximation of single photon absorption/emission
Quantum rectification by a mesoscopic ring
Diffusion in the energy space
Quantum correction to absorption rate
Weak dynamic localization and no-dephasing points
Conclusion and open questions / 8:
Noise in mesoscopic physics / T. MartinCourse 5:
Poissonian noise
The wave packet approach
Generalization to the multi-channel case
Scattering approach based on operator averages
Average current
Noise and noise correlations
Zero frequency noise in a two terminal conductor
Noise reduction in various systems
Noise correlations at zero frequency
General considerations
Noise correlations in a Y-shaped structure
Finite frequency noise
Which correlator is measured?
Noise measurement scenarios
Finite frequency noise in point contacts
Noise in normal metal-superconducting junctions
Bogolubov transformation and Andreev current / 8.1:
Noise in normal metal-superconductor junctions / 8.2:
Noise in a single NS junction / 8.3:
Hanbury-Brown and Twiss experiment with a superconducting source of electrons / 8.4:
Noise and entanglement / 9:
Filtering spin/energy in superconducting forks / 9.1:
Tunneling approach to entanglement / 9.2:
Bell inequalities with electrons / 9.3:
Noise in Luttinger liquids / 10:
Edge states in the fractional quantum Hall effect / 10.1:
Transport between two quantum Hall edges / 10.2:
Keldysh digest for tunneling / 10.3:
Backscattering current / 10.4:
Poissonian noise in the quantum Hall effect / 10.5:
Effective charges in quantum wires / 10.6:
Higher moments of noise / Bertrand Reulet11:
The probability distribution P(i)
A simple model for a tunnel junction
Noise in Fourier space
Consequences
Effect of the environment
Imperfect voltage bias
Imperfect thermalization
Principle of the experiment
Possible methods
Experimental setup
Experimental results
Third moment vs. voltage and temperature
Effect of the detection bandwidth
Perspectives
Quantum regime
Noise thermal impedance
Conclusion
Electron subgap transport in hybrid systems combining superconductors with normal or ferromagnetic metals / F.W.J. HekkingCourse 6:
NS junctions in the clean limit
Single particle tunnelling in a tunnel junction
Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations
Disordered NIS junctions
Perturbation theory for NIS junction
Example: quasi-one-dimensional diffusive wire connected to a superconductor
Subgap noise of a superconductor-normal-metal tunnel interface
Tunnelling in a three-terminal system containing ferromagnetic metals
Co-tunnelling and crossed Andreev tunnelling rates
Discussion
Low-temperature transport through a quantum dot / Leonid I. Glazman ; Michael PustilnikCourse 7:
Model of a lateral quantum dot system
Thermally-activated conduction
Onset of Coulomb blockade oscillations
Coulomb blockade peaks at low temperature
Activationless transport through a blockaded quantum dot
Inelastic co-tunneling
Elastic co-tunneling
Kondo regime in transport through a quantum dot
Effective low-energy Hamiltonian
Linear response
Weak coupling regime: T[subscript K double less-than sign] T [double less-than sign delta]E
Strong coupling regime: T [double less-than sign] T[subscript K]
Beyond linear response
Splitting of the Kondo peak in a magnetic field
Kondo effect in quantum dots with large spin / 5.7:
Concluding remarks
Transport through quantum point contacts / Yigal MeirSeminar 3:
Spin-density-functional calculations
The Anderson model
Results
Current noise
Transport at the atomic scale: Atomic and molecular contacts / A. Levy Yeyati ; J.M. van RuitenbeekCourse 8:
Parity oscillations in atomic chains
Superconducting quantum point contacts
The Hamiltonian approach
Comparison to experimental results
Environmental effects
Classical phase diffusion
Dynamical Coulomb blockade
Single-molecule junctions
Solid State Quantum Bit Circuits / Daniel Esteve ; Denis VionCourse 9:
Why solid state quantum bits?
From quantum mechanics to quantum machines
Quantum processors based on qubits
Atom and ion versus solid state qubits / 1.3:
Electronic qubits / 1.4:
Qubits in semiconductor structures
Kane's proposal: nuclear spins of P impurities in silicon
Electron spins in quantum dots
Charge states in quantum dots
Flying qubits
Superconducting qubit circuits
Josephson qubits
How to maintain quantum coherence?
The quantronium circuit
Relaxation and dephasing in the quantronium
Readout
Coherent control of the qubit
Ultrafast 'DC' pulses versus resonant microwave pulses
NMR-like control of a qubit
Probing qubit coherence
Relaxation
Decoherence during free evolution
Decoherence during driven evolution
Qubit coupling schemes
Tunable versus fixed couplings
A tunable coupling element for Josephson qubits
Fixed coupling Hamiltonian
Control of the interaction mediated by a fixed Hamiltonian
Running a simple quantum algorithm
Conclusions and perspectives
Abstracts of seminars presented at the School
Lecturers
Seminar speakers
Participants
4.

図書

図書
edited by Vassily Beskin ... [et al.]
出版情報: Les Ulis : EDP Sciences , Berlin ; Tokyo : Springer, c2003  xxvii, 625 p. ; 23 cm
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5.

図書

図書
edited by Jean-Louis Barrat ... [et al.] ; published in cooperation with the NATO Scientific Affair Division
出版情報: Les Ulis : EDP Sciences , Berlin ; Tokyo : Springer, c2003  xxxiii, 769 p. ; 23 cm
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