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図書

東工大
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図書
東工大
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Masaru Ishida
出版情報: New York : Nova Science Publishers, c2002  xiii, 148 p. ; 26 cm
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Preface
Nomenclature
Part I Systematic Framing of Thermodynamics 1
   Chapter 1 Thermodynamics for Creation of a New Process 3
   1.1 What Does Thermodynamics Offer You? 3
   1.2 Targets of Thermodynamics 4
   1.3 Thermodynamics as Basic Science 4
   Chapter 2 Thermodynamics of a Substance 7
   2.1 Thermodynamics Comprises Three Kinds of Thermodynamics 7
   2.2 What is Substance? 8
   2.3 Energy H and Entropy S of a Substance 9
   Chapter 3 Thermodynamics of a Process 13
   3.1 What is a Process? 13
   3.2 Energy Change ΔH and Entropy Change ΔS 13
   3.3 Intermediary Energy 16
   3.4 Common Processes without Specification of Substances 19
   Chapter 4 Thermodynamics of a System 23
   4.1 What is a System in Thermodynamics ? 23
   4.2 The First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics 25
   4.3 Interpretation of the First and Second Laws by ‘Water Model' 27
   Chapter 5 The First-Step Applications of Thermodynamics 33
   5.1 Relationship between Energy Change ΔH and Heat of Reaction Qr 33
   5.2 Calculation of ΔH for a Reaction as Combination of ΔH for Other Reactions 35
   5.3 Thermodynamic Analysis of Exothermic and Endothermic Reactions 36
   5.4 Thermodynamic Analysis of Electrolysis 40
   5.5 Thermodynamic Analysis of a Loop 43
Part II Properties of Substances and Chemical Equilibrium 51
   Chapter 6 Equations for Thermodynamics of Substances 53
   6.1 Differential Forms of Energy h and Entropy s for 1 mol of Pure Substance 53
   6.2 Calculation of Energy H and Entropy S for Gas 54
   6.3 Calculation of Energy H and Entropy S for Liquid 59
   6.4 Calculation of Energy H and Entropy S for Solid 60
   6.5 Calculation of H and S for Substances with Multiple Phases 60
   Chapter 7 Chemical Equilibrium 61
   7.1 Limit for Proceeding of a Process 61
   7.2 Equilibrium Condition for a Gas-Phase Reaction 62
   7.3 Equilibrium Condition for a Reaction with Multiple Phases 67
   7.4 The Second-Step Applications - Applications of Equilibrium Constant Kp - 68
   7.5 The Second-Step Applications - Application of Temperature Dependence of Kp - 75
Part III Application of Thermodynamics to System Synthesis 83
   Chapter 8 Introduction to Exergy Change and Graphical Presentation by Vectors 85
   8.1 Exergy Change Δε 85
   8.2 Thermodynamics on a Two-Dimensional Space 87
   8.3 Energy Level, A 89
   8.4 Heat Source, Heat Sink, Work Source and Work Sink 93
   8.5 Classification of Processes and System Synthesis on the Thermodynamic Compass 96
   8.6 Exergy Loss 100
   8.7 Representation of Processes on the Thermodynamic Compass 103
   Chapter 9 Process System Synthesis - The Third-Step Applications - 117
   9.1 Equilibrium Viewpoint 117
   9.2 Energy Transformation Viewpoint - Selection of Coupled Process - 119
   9.3 Energy Transformation Viewpoint - Decomposition of Coupled Process - 122
   9.4 Energy Transformation Viewpoint - Decomposition of a Target Process - 123
   Chapter 10 Toward Wider Applications 127
   10.1 Chemical Cells and Fuel Cells 127
   10.2 Behavior of Real Gas and Real Liquid 132
   10.3 Partial Molar Quantities and Chemical Potential μ 133
   10.4 Synthesis of an Entire System 133
   10.5 Relationship to the Previous Thermodynamics 133
   10.6 Characteristic Features of this Book - Closing Remarks - 138
Appendix 139
Index 145
Preface
Nomenclature
Part I Systematic Framing of Thermodynamics 1
2.

図書

東工大
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図書
東工大
目次DB
Tatsuo Ohmachi, Emerlinda R. Roman, editors
出版情報: [Quezon City] : University of the Philippines Press, 2002  xii, 388 p. ; 24 cm.
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Acknowledgments
Preface
1- Introduction
   1.1 Ending the Cycle of Environmental Deterioration Tatsuo Ohmachi 3
   1.2 Necessities of Simulation and Policy Impact Analysis Kenji Doi and Hussein S. Lidasan 10
2- Political Economy of Environmental Issues
   2.1 Introduction Hiromu Shimizu 19
   2.2 Weak State and Strong Civil Society: Politics of the Clean Air Act Yutaka Katayama 21
   2.3 Building Bridges: Poverty, Customs and Environmental Politics Toru Nakanishi 38
   2.4 Housing Policies and Development in Asian Cities: Singapore, Hong Kong, Bangkok and Metro Manila Yoshiyuki Osakaya 48
3- Macro Simulation of Socioeconomies and the Environment: A Comprehensive Approach
   3.1 Introduction Kenji Doi 59
   3.2 Migration and Environmental Issues in Economic Development Toru Nakanishi 61
   3.3 Structural Analysis of Regional Economics of Metro Manila Based on the Interregional IO Table Francisco T. Secretario, Kwangmun Kim, Kenji Doi and Wataru Morishima 70
   3.4 Analysis of Energy Consumption and Environmental Burdens by an Interregional IO Table Yohji Uchiyama, Kazuhiko Nishimura and Kei Kawashima 87
   3.5 Utilizing IRIO in Interregional Transportation Policy: Methodology and Case Study in Japan Shoshi Mizokami 98
   3.6 Forecasting the Interaction System Between Urban Expansion and Motorization Masanobu Kii and Kenji Doi 112
4- Simulation of Environmental Rehabilitation in Highly Polluted Areas
   4.1 Introduction Tetsuo Yai 133
   4.2 Outline of Microscopic Road Traffic Simulation Tetsuo Yai and Karl N. Vergel 135
   4.3 Observation and Analysis of SPM Concentration in Makati Seiji Iwakura 149
   4.4 Local Wind System and 3D Dispersion of Polluted Air in Metro Manila Manabu Kanda 156
5- Simulation for Green Metropolis Rehabilitation
   5.1 Introduction Kazuhiko Takeuchi 171
   5.2 Trends in Spatial Extension and Land-Use Mixture in Metro Manila Akinobu Murakami, Kazuhiko Takeuchi, Atsushi Tsunekawa and Alinda M. Zain 174
   5.3 Distribution and Structure of Urban Green Spaces in Metro Manila Noriko Moriwake, Armando Palijon and Kazuhiko Takeuchi 185
   5.4 Carbon Circulation and Functions for the Development of Urban Green Spaces in Metro Manila Kaori Ono, Ai Meguro and Kenji Iiyama 199
   5.5 Southeast Asian High-Density Habitation and the Formation of a Comfortable Outdoor Thermal Environment Akira Hoyano, Seonghwan Yoon and Akinaru Iino 210
   5.6 Toward Creating a "Sustainable City" Akira Hoyano, Akinaru Iino and Seonghwan Yoon 222
6- A Scheme of Environmental Improvement by Recycling Organic Matter Between Urban and Rural Areas
   6.1 Introduction Tadaharu Ishikawa 241
   6.2 Basic Viewpoints for the Rehabilitation of Water Environment Tadaharu Ishikawa, Toru Nakanishi and Xin Qian 243
   6.3 Water-Related Problems in Urban Areas Tadaharu Ishikawa and Ken Ushijima 252
   6.4 Framework for Recycling Organic Waste Kenta Shinozawa, Ken Ushijima and Tetsuo Shimizu 267
   6.5 Circulation of Organic Matter Between Metro Manila and Pampanga Lahar-Affected Areas in Pinatubo Makiko Watanabe, Masao Yoshida and Hiroyuki Ohta 281
   6.6 Transport of Compost Tadaharu Ishikawa, Makiko Watanabe and Toru Nakanishi 294
7- Reduction of Risk of Natural Disaster in a Developing Urban Area
   7.1 Expansion of Damage Potential Area Due to Urban Sprawling Saburoh Midorikawa and Bartolome C. Bautista 301
   7.2 Estimation of Seismic Risk in Metro Manila Hiroaki Yamanaka, Saburoh Midorikawa, Yoshihiro Kinugasa, Bartolome C. Bautista and Rolly E. Rimando 308
   7.3 Estimation of Disaster Due to Strong Wind Tetsuro Tamura, Makoto Tsubokura, Shuyang Cao and Osamu Ohno 327
Appendices
   Panel Discussion 349
   Project Team Leaders and Members 373
   List of Contributors 379
Index 381
Acknowledgments
Preface
1- Introduction
3.

図書

図書
Beate Sirota Gordon
出版情報: Tokyo : Kodansha International, 2001  171 p. ; 23 cm
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4.

図書

東工大
目次DB

図書
東工大
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edited by Minoru Terano, Takeshi Shiono
出版情報: Tokyo : Technology and Education Publishers, 2002  xiii, 424 p. ; 27 cm
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PREFACE
1. AN UNIFIED MECHANISM OF OLEFIN POLYMERIZATION-A Transition State Theory (T. Keii) 1
2. GAS PHASE POLYMERIZATION OF OLEFINS AND DIENES BY METALLOCENE CATALYSTS (W. Kaminsky and D. Arrowsmith) 13
3. ALLOW YOUR CATALYST A PRODUCTIVE CAREER-HOW THE REACTION ENVIRONMENT INFLUENCES CATALYST PERFORMANCE (W.H. Ray) 19
4. LONG-CHAIN-BRANCHING POLYETHYLENE PREPARED WITH Et(Ind)2HfCl2 CATALYST SYSTEMS (N. Kashiwa, S. Matsuo, S. Kojoh, M. Takahashi, T. Tsutsui and T. Fujita) 25
5. EFFECT OF 3rd MONOMER ADDITION IN ETHYLENE/NORBORNENE COPOLYMERIZATION INITIATED WITH rac-Et(Ind)2 ZrCl2/MAO CATALYST SYSTEM (D.H. Lee, Y.Y. Choi, H.J. Kim and S.S. Woo) 31
6. POLYMERISATION WITH METALLOCENE CATALYSTS IN THE PRESENCE OF HYDROGEN (R. Blom, I.M. Dahl, R.H. Heyn and O. Swang) 37
7. PROPENE/1-HEXENE COPOLYMER MICROSTRUCTURE AS A PROBE INTO ACTIVE CENTRE BEHAVIOR IN ZIEGLER-NATTA TRADITIONAL AND METALLOCENE BASED CATALYSIS (M.C. Sacchi, F. Forlini, S. Losio, I. Tritto and P. Locatelli) 43
8. MECHANISM OF SYNDIOSPECIFIC POLYMERIZAITON OF STYRENE (N. Tomotsu, H. Shouzaki, M. Aida, M. Takeuchi, K. Yokota, Y. Aoyama, S. Ikeuchi and T. Inoue) 49
9. VIBRATIONAL SPECTRA OF TITANIUM AND MAGNESIUM CHLORIDES (G. Mizutani, H. Miyaoka, H. Sano, H. Mori, N. Otsuka and M. Terano) 55
10. PROPENE/ETHENE-[1-13C]COPOLYMERIZATION AS A TOOL FOR MEASURING CATALYST REGIOSELECTIVITY: A COMBINED EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL STUDY ON MODEL METALLOCENE CATALYSTS (R. Cipullo, P. Budzelaar, V. Busico and S. Ronca) 61
11. METALLOCENE CATALYZED COPOLYMERIZATION OF ETHYLENE AND NORBORNENE (K.Y. Choi, S.Y. Park, J.J. Han, B. Kebede and K.H. Song) 73
12. EFFECT OF DONORS ON THE NUMBER AND PROPAGATION RATE CONSTANTS FOR STEREOSPECIFIC AND NON-STEREOSPECIFIC CENTERS AT PROPYLENE POLYMERIZATION WITH SUPPORTED ZIEGLER-NATTA CATALYSTS (G.D. Bukatov and V.A. Zakharov) 79
13. “VARIABLE SITE”METALLOCENE CATALYST SYSTEM FOR ETHYLENE POLYMERIZATION WITH CLAY MINERAL SUPPORT-ACTIVATOR (Y. Ishihama, Y. Kashiwagi, E. Isobe, Y. Uehara and T. Sugano) 85
14. A STUDY OF POLYMER SUPPORTED METALLOCENE CATALYSTS FOR GAS PHASE OLEFIN POLYMERIZATION (J.C. Hsu, G. Tairova, J.S. Chung, Y. Zhang, K.B. McAuley and D.W. Bacon) 91
15. POLYMERIZATION OF METHYL METHACRYLATE INITIATED BY HALF-METALLOCENE COMPLEXES OF TANTALUM: LIGAND ARCHITECTURE LEADING TO LIVING POLYMERIZATION (K. Mashima, Y. Matsuo and K. Tani) 98
16. POLYMERISATION OF OLEFINS WITH HOMOGENEOUS AND HETEROGENEOUS METALLOCENE CATALYSTS ON CLAY MINERALS (K. Weiss, S. Botzenhardt and M. Hofmann) 104
17. COCATALYST ACTIVATION AND FIRST MONOMER INSERTION OF METALLOCENE CATALYSTS. AN IN SITU FTIR AND QUANTUM CHEMICAL STUDY (J.L. Eilertsen, J.A. Stovneng, M. Ystenes and E. Rytter) 111
18. IONS PAIRS FORMATION FOR CATALYST CP2ZrMe2/MAO: A DFT QUANTUM CHEMICAL STUDY (V.A. Zakharov and I.I. Zakharov) 117
19. STUDIES IN SUPPORT TECHNOLOGY FOR POLYMERIZATION CATALYST SYSTEMS-A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CLAY-SUPPORTED AND SILICA-SUPPORTED METALLOCENE CATALSYTS (P.J.T. Tait and D.A.S. Walshe) 124
20. STYRENE AND DIENE POLYMERIZATION WITH CpTiCl3-BASED CATALYSTS. (A. Zambelli, F. Grisi and I. Sessa) 132
21. FI CATALYSTS: HIGH PERFORMANCE NEW OLEFIN POLYMERIZATION CATALYSTS (T. Fujita, M. Mitani, S. Matsui, J. Saito, Y. Yoshida, Y. Tohi, N. Matsukawa, S. Ishii, J. Mohri, Y. Inoue, T. Nakano, H. Tanaka, T. Matsugi, S. Kojoh and N. Kashiwa) 141
22. EFFECT OF SILICA SUPPORTS ON OLEFIN POLYMERIZATION CATALYST PERFORMANCE (T.J. Pullukat) 147
23. XPS STUDY ON THE CHROMIUM SPECIES OF THE PHILLIPS CATALYST REDUCED WITH COCATALYSTS (K. Hasebe, T. Nozaki and F. Matsushita) 156
24. HETEROGENIZATION OF METALORGANIC CATALYSTS AND NON-UNIFORMITY OF ACTIVE SITES (L.A. Novokshonova, I.N. Meshkova, N. Yu Kovaleva, T.M. Ushakova, P.N. Brevnov, V.G. Krasheninnikov, T.A. Ladygina, I.O. Leipunskii, A.N. Zhigach and M.L. Kuskov) 162
25. ETHYLENE-NORBORNENE COPOLYMER MICROSTRUCTURE AT TETRAD LEVEL: ADVANCES IN ASSIGNMENTS OF 13C-NMR SPECTRA AND INSIGHTS ON POLYMERIZATION MECHANISMS (I. Tritto, L. Boggioni, J. Jansen, K. Thorshaug, M.C. Sacchi and D.R. Ferro) 168
26. INFLUENCE OF ETHYLENE ON THE KINETICS OF PROPYLENE POLYMERIZATION WITH A CLAY MINERAL SUPPORTED METALLOCENE CATALYST (F. Shimizu, Y. Suga and G. Weickert) 174
27. ETHYLENE POLYMERIZATION WITH ”CONSTRAINED-GEOMETRY” TITANIUM CATALYSTS OVER BORATE-MODIFIED SILICA SUPPORTS (K. Musikabhumma, T.P. Spaniol and J. Okuda) 178
28. INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY-A SECRET WINDOW TO THE HEART OF THE CATALYST? (M. Ystenes, O. Bache, O.M. Bade, R. Blom, J.L. Eilertsen, O. Nirisen, M. Ott, K. Svendsen and E. Rytter) 184
29. ALTERNATING COPOLYMERIZATION OF ETHYLENE AND 5-HEXEN-1-OL WITH ZIRCONOCENE/MAO CATALYSTS (H. Hagihara, K. Tsuchihara, Y. Suzuki, M. Asai, M. Murata, H. Ozaki, T. Kase, M. Kawabe, Y. Fukui, H.T. Ban, J. Jin, T. Uozumi and T. Sano) 192
30. ETHYLENE POLYMERIZATION TESTS AND XPS MEASUREMENTS OF THE CrOx/SiO2 CATALYST MODIFIED BY Et3Al (P. Sindelar, B. Liu and M. Terano) 200
31. CAR-PARRINELLO MOLECULAR DYNAMICS INVESTIGATION OF ACTIVE SURFACES AND Ti/V CATALYTIC SITES IN ZIEGLER-NATTA HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS (M. Boero, K. Terakura, M. Parrinello and H. Weiss) 210
32. HIGHLY ISOSPECIFIC POLYMERIZATION OF PROPYLENE BY HIGHLY MODIFIED 4TH GENERATION CATALYST (H. Yanagihara, K. Tagashira and H. Takahashi) 216
33. ON THE NUMBER OF ACTIVE SITES IN SYNDIOSPECIFIC LIVING POLYMERIZATION OF STYRENIC MONOMERS (M. Murata, M. Kawabe, Y. Fukui, T. Kase, H. Ozaki, H.T. Ban, K. Tsuchihara, H. Hagihara, Y. Suzuki and M. Asai) 223
34. A NEW FAMILY OF POLYOLEFINS WITH FISCHER-TROPSCH OLEFINS: TERPOLYMERS WITH BRANCHED α-OLEFINS (I. Tincul, D. Joubert, J. Smith and P.v. Zyl) 229
35. MAPPING OF CATALYST RESIDUES AND OXIDATION SITES IN POLYPROPYLENE (I. Blakey, H. Liu and G. George) 235
36. IMPROVEMENT OF MECHANICAL AND OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYPROPYLENE BY NOVEL NUCLEATING AGENTS (METAL SOAP OF CYCLIC ORGANOPHOSPHOROUS) (E. Tobita and T. Haruna) 241
37. EFFECT OF PRIMARY STRUCTURE ON PHOTO-OXIDATIVE STABILITY OF POLYPROPYLENES (M.S. Alam, T. Ichiki, B. Liu, H. Nakatani, K. Nitta and M. Terano) 249
38. RECENT POLYMER PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY IN THE JAPANESE PLASTIC INDUSTRY (T. Sakai) 255
39. INFLUENCE OF CATALYST CONTROLLED MOLECULAR STRUCTURE ON THE POSTMODIFICATION OF POLYOLEFINS (F. Ciardelli, A. Altomare, E. Passaglia and S. Bronco) 261
40. MOLECULAR CHAIN ARRANGEMENTS IN CRYSTALS FORMED DURING HETEROGENEOUS POLYMERIZATION OF OLEFINS (T. Komoto) 268
41. A MOLECULAR THEORY FOR MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYOLEFIN SOLIDS (K. Nitta) 274
42. LIVING NATURE OF PROPENE POLYMERIZATION WITH ANSA-(CYCLOPENTADIENYLAMIDO) DIMETHYLTITANIUM DERIVATIVES USING MAO AS COCATALYST) (T. Shiono, T. Hasan, A. Ioku, K. Nishi-i and T. Ikeda) 280
43 PHENOXY-TITANIUM COMPLEX COMPOUNDS AS NEW SINGLE SITE CATALYSTS FOR ETHYLENE, α-OLEFIN AND DIOLEFIN MONOMERS (A. Imai, H. Katayama, M. Nabika, H. Hozumi, A. Ogawa and H. Jouhouji) 286
44. CONTROLLED BLOCK COPOLYMERIZATIONS OF 1-OLEFINS WITH POLAR MONOMERS CATALYZED BY SINGLE COMPONENT LANTHANIDE INITIATORS (H. Yasuda and G. Desumont) 292
45. RARE EARTH ALKOXIDES AS NEW CATALYTIC PRECURSORS FOR OLEFIN POLYMERIZATION AND COPOLYMERIZATION (J. Gromada, J.F. Carpentier, T. Chenal, A. Mortreux, F. Leising and J.W. Ziller) 298
46. CONTROL OF STRAIN-HARDENING BY A SMALL MASS FRACTION OF ULTRAHIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT COMPONENT UNDER UNIAXIAL ELONGATIONAL FLOW (K. Koyama and A. Minegishi) 304
47. POLYMERIC FOAMING OF OLEFIN POLYMER IN THE 21st CENTURY (M. Ohshima) 310
48. ALKYLATION OF TRANSITION METAL SALTS AS A FERTILE AND VERSATILE APPROACH TO OLEFIN POLYMERIZATION CATALYSTS (J.J. Eisch, F.A. Owuor, P.O. Otieno, J.A. Gitua, X. Shi and A.A. Adeosun) 316
49. SYNTHESIS OF HIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT ATACTIC POLYPROPYLENE WITH NOBEL PHENOXY TITANIUM CATALYST (K. Yada, M. Tsuji, H. Johoji and S. Hosoda) 327
50. PROPENE POLYMERIZATION WITH SILICA-SUPPORTED (η5-PENTAMETHYLCYCLOPENTADIENYL) TRIMETHYLTITANIUM CATALYST (A. Ioku, T. Shiono and T. Ikeda) 333
51. FUNCTIONALIZATION OF ISOTACTIC POLYPROPENE USING 1,2,4-TRIVINYL-CYCLOHEXANE AS A COMONOMER (Y.G. Nam, S. Murayama, T. Shiono and T. Ikeda) 339
52. PREPARATION OF SURFACE ALKYLATED SILICA SUPPORTED CATALYSTS FOR ETHYLENE POLYMERIZATION (I. Nishiyama, K. Fukuda, M. Yamahiro, B. Liu, H. Nakatani and M. Terano) 345
53. SYNTHESES OF POLYETHYLENE AND POLYPROPYLENE WITH CYCLOPENTANE UNITS IN THE MAIN CHAIN BY ZIRCONOCENE CATALYSTS (N. Naga and Y. Imanishi) 351
54. MISCIBILITY AND ISOTHERMAL CRYSTALLIZATION KINETICS FOR BINARY BLENDS OF i-PP AND METALLOCENE BASED ETHYLENE α-OLEFIN RANDOM COPOLYMER (M. Seki, M. Uchida, N. Ikeya, Y. Matsushita and K. Takagi) 359
55. INVESTIGATION OF EFFECTS AND ROLES OF INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL DONORS ON THE ISOSPECIFICITY DISTRIBUTION OF THE ACTIVE SITES OF A ZIEGLER CATALYST BY TEMPERATURE RISING ELUTION FRACTIONATION ANALYSIS (H. Matsuoka, B. Liu, H. Nakatani, I. Nishiyama and M. Terano) 365
56. SYNDIOSPECIFIC LIVING POLYMERIZATION AND BLOCK COPOLYMERIZATION OF SILYL-PROTECTED HYDROXYSTYRENE AND PREPARATION OF SYNDIOTACTIC POLY(4-HYDROXYSTYRENE) WITH NARROW MOLECULAR WEIGHT DISTRIBUTION (M. Kawabe, M. Murata, Y. Fukui, T. Kase, H. Ozaki, H.T. Ban, K. Tsuchihara, H. Hagihara, Y. Suzuki and M. Asai) 372
57. HOMOPOLYMERIZATION OF ETHENE AND COPOLYMERIZATION WITH 1-HEXENE WITH DI-SILYLENE BRIDGED ZIRCONOCENE CATALYSTS (H. Wigum, R.H. Heyn, K.A. Solli, J.A. Stovneng and E. Rytter) 378
58. MOLECULAR DYNAMICS STUDY ON PROPYLYENE POLYMERIZATION OVER ZIEGLER-NATTA CATALYSTS (M. Fushimi, M. Ando, H. Kurokawa, Z. Hui, S. Takami, M. Kubo, A. Miyamoto and A. Imamura) 384
59. INFLUENCE OF ADSORPTIVE SEPARATION OF METHYLALUMOXANE BY SILICEOUS POROUS MATERIALS ON ITS CO-CATALYTIC PERFORMANCE IN PROPYLENE POLYMERIZATION (Y. Oumi, T. Miyazaki, T. Niimi, H. Hagimoto, T. Uozumi and T. Sano) 390
60. INFLUENCE OF INTERNAL DONORS FOR HYDROGEN RESPONSE ON PROPYLENE POLYMERIZATION WITH MgCl2-SUPPORTED CATALYSTS (K. Tashino, H. Ogawa, Y. Suzuki and M. Sato) 398
61. MODIFIED ALUMOXANE AS NEW ADVANCED COCATALYST OF TRANSITION METAL COMPLEX CATALYST FOR OLEFIN POLYMERIZATION (Y. Seki, M. Fujita and T. Miyatake) 404
62. PROBING THE INDUCTION PERIOD OF PHILLIPS CrOx/SiO2 CATALYST THROUGH COMBINED SURFACE ANALYTICAL METHODS (B. Liu, H. Nakatani and M. Terano) 409
63. REACTION-MADE HIGH MELTSTRENGTH PP “NEWSTREN AND NEWFOAMER” (K. Shimizu, M. Kimura, A. Yamauchi and M. Sugimoto) 415
64. STABILITY OF GROWING POLYMER CHAIN ON THE Cr(acac)3/MgCl2-ETHYLBENZOATE/AlEt2Cl CATALYST SYSTEM (Y.-W. Shin, H. Nakatani, T. Uozumi, B. Liu, T.Sano, K. Nitta and M. Terano) 421
PREFACE
1. AN UNIFIED MECHANISM OF OLEFIN POLYMERIZATION-A Transition State Theory (T. Keii) 1
2. GAS PHASE POLYMERIZATION OF OLEFINS AND DIENES BY METALLOCENE CATALYSTS (W. Kaminsky and D. Arrowsmith) 13
5.

図書

図書
edited by Shigeyuki Akiba, Shignedo Nishi
出版情報: Tokyo, Japan : NTT Quality Printing Services co., 2001  435 p. ; 24 cm
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6.

図書

図書
Robert Rowe
出版情報: Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, c2001  x, 399 p. ; 24 cm
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Acknowledgments
Machine Musicianship / 1:
Symbolic Processes / 2:
Sub-symbolic Processes / 3:
Segments and Patterns / 4:
Compositional Techniques / 5:
Algorithmic Expression and Music Cognition / 6:
Interactive Improvisation / 7:
Interactive Multimedia / 8:
Installations / 9:
Directions / 10:
References
Index
Acknowledgments
Machine Musicianship / 1:
Symbolic Processes / 2:
7.

図書

図書
Edward S. Rubin ; with Cliff I. Davidson and other contributors
出版情報: New York : McGraw-Hill, 2001  xxi, 696 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: McGraw-Hill international editions ; . Environmental engineering series
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Motivation and Framework / I:
Engineering and the Environment / 1:
Overview of Environmental Issues / 2:
Technology Design for the Environment / II:
Automobiles and the Environment / 3:
Batteries and the Environment / 4:
Electric Power Plants and the Environment / 5:
Refrigeration and the Environment / 6:
Environmental Life Cycle Assessments / 7:
Modeling Environmental Processes / III:
Controlling Urban Smog / 8:
PCBs in the Aquatic Environment / 9:
Human Exposure to Toxic Metals / 10:
CFCs and the Ozone Hole / 11:
Global Warming and the Greenhouse Effect / 12:
Topics in Environmental Policy Analysis / IV:
Economics and the Environment / 13:
Risk Assessment and Decision Analysis / 14:
Environmental Forecasting / 15:
Appendixes
Motivation and Framework / I:
Engineering and the Environment / 1:
Overview of Environmental Issues / 2:
8.

図書

図書
Ernest L. Eliel, Samuel H. Wilen, Michael P. Doyle
出版情報: New York : John Wiley & Sons, c2001  xiv, 688 p. ; 24 cm
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Scope / 1-1.:
History / 1-2.:
Polarimetry and Optical Rotation / 1-3.:
References
Structure / 2:
Meaning, Factorization, Internal Coordinates, Isomers / 2-1.:
Constitution / 2-2.:
Configuration / 2-3.:
Conformation / 2-4.:
Determination of Structure / 2-5.:
A Priori Calculation of Structure / 2-6.:
Molecular Models / 2-7.:
Stereoisomers / 3:
Nature of Stereoisomers / 3-1.:
General / a.:
Barriers Between Stereoisomers and Residual Stereoisomers / b.:
Enantiomers / 3-2.:
Diastereomers / 3-3.:
General Cases
Degenerate Cases
Symmetry / 4:
Symmetry Elements / 4-1.:
Symmetry Operators and Symmetry Point Groups / 4-3.:
Point Groups Containing Chiral Molecules
Point Groups Containing Only Achiral Molecules
Averaged Symmetry / 4-4.:
Symmetry and Molecular Properties / 4-5.:
Rotation of Polarized Light
Dipole Moment
Symmetry Number / c.:
Definitions: Relative and Absolute Configuration / 5:
Absolute Configuration and Notation / 5-2.:
Determination of Absolute Configuration / 5-3.:
Bijvoet Method
Theoretical Approaches
Modification of Crystal Morphology in the Presence of Additives
Relative Configuration and Notation / 5-4.:
Determination of Relative Configuration of Saturated Aliphatic Compounds / 5-5.:
X-Ray Structure Analysis
Chemical Interconversion Not Affecting Bonds to the Stereogenic Atom
Methods Based on Symmetry Considerations
Correlation Via Compounds with Chiral Centers of Two Types / d.:
The Method of Quasi-Racemates / e.:
Chemical Correlations Affecting Bonds to a Chiral Atom in a "Known" Way (For an overview, see ref. 32.) / f.:
Correlation by Stereoselective Synthesis of "Known" Stereochemical Course / g.:
Chiroptical, Spectroscopic, and Other Physical Methods / h.:
Conclusion: Network Arguments / 5-6.:
Properties of Stereoisomers and Stereoisomer Discrimination / 6:
Stereoisomer Discrimination / 6-1.:
The Nature of Racemates / 6-3.:
Properties of Racemates and of Their Enantiomer Components / 6-4.:
Optical Activity
Crystal Shape
Density and Racemate Type
Melting Point
Solubility
Vapor Pressure
Infrared Spectra
Electronic Spectra / i.:
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra / j.:
X-Ray Spectra / k.:
Liquid State and Interfacial Properties / l.:
Chromatography / m.:
Mass Spectrometry / n.:
Interaction with Other Chiral Substances / o.:
Biological Properties / p.:
Origins of Enantiomeric Homogeneity in Nature / q.:
Determination of Enantiomer and Diastereomer Composition / 6-5.:
Chiroptical Methods
NMR Methods Based on Diastereotopicity
Chromatographic and Related Separation Methods Based on Diastereomeric Interactions
Kinetic Methods
Miscellaneous Methods
Separation of Stereoisomers, Resolution, and Racemization / 7:
Separation of Enantiomers by Crystallization / 7-1.:
Crystal Picking and Triage
Conglomerates
Preferential Crystallization
Asymmetric Transformation of Racemates and Total Spontaneous Resolution
Chemical Separation of Enantiomers via Diastereomers / 7-3.:
Formation and Separation of Diastereomers; Resolving Agents
Resolution Principles and Practice
Separation Via Complexes and Inclusion Compounds
Chromatographic Resolution
Asymmetric Transformations of Diastereomers
General Methods for the Separation of Diastereomers
Enantiomeric Enrichment and Resolution Strategy / 7-4.:
Kinetic Resolution / 7-5.:
Theory and Stoichiometric and Abiotic Catalytic Kinetic Resolution
Enzymatic Resolution
Miscellaneous Separation Methods / 7-6.:
Racemization / 7-7.:
Racemization Processes
Racemization of Amino Acids
Heterotopic Ligands and Faces: Prostereoisomerism and Prochirality / 8:
Introduction and Terminology / 8-1.:
Significance and History / 8-2.:
Homotopic and Heterotopic Ligands and Faces / 8-3.:
Homotopic Ligands and Faces
Enantiotopic Ligands and Faces
Diastereotopic Ligands and Faces
Concepts and Nomenclature
Heterotopicity and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance / 8-4.:
General Principles. Anisochrony
NMR in Assignment of Configuration and of Descriptors of Prostereoisomerism
Origin of Anisochrony
Conformationally Mobile Systems
Heterotopic Ligands and Faces in Enzyme-Catalyzed Reactions / 8-5.:
Heterotopicity and Stereoelective Synthesis
Heterotopicity and Enzyme-Catalyzed Reactions
Stereochemistry of Alkenes / 9:
Structure of Alkenes and Nature of cis-trans Isomerism / 9-1.:
Nomenclature
Cumulenes
Alkenes with Low Rotational Barriers and Nonplanar Alkenes
The C=N and N=N Double Bonds
Determination of Configuration of cis-trans Isomers / 9-2.:
Chemical Methods
Physical Methods
Interconversion of cis-trans Isomers: Position of Equilibrium and Methods of Isomerization / 9-3.:
Position of cis-trans Equilibria
Methods of Equilibration
Directed cis-trans Interconversion
Conformation of Acyclic Molecules / 10:
Conformation of Ethane, Butane, and Other Simple Saturated Acyclic Molecules / 10-1.:
Alkanes
Saturated Acyclic Molecules with Polar Substituents or Chains and the Anomeric Effect
Conformation of Unsaturated Acyclic and Miscellaneous Compounds / 10-2.:
Unsaturated Acyclic Compounds
Alkylbenzenes
Miscellaneous Compounds
Physical and Spectral Properties of Diastereomers and Conformers / 10-3.:
Dipole Moments
NMR Spectroscopy
Conformation and Reactivity: The Winstein-Holness Equation and the Curtin-Hammett Principle / 10-4.:
Configuration and Conformation of Cyclic Molecules / 11:
Stereoisomerism and Configurational Nomenclature of Ring Compounds / 11-1.:
Determination of Configuration of Substituted Ring Compounds / 11-2.:
Symmetry-Based Methods
Methods Based on Physical and Chemical Properties
Correlation Methods
Stability of Cyclic Molecules / 11-3.:
Strain
Ease of Cyclization as a Function of Ring Size
Ease of Ring Closure as a Function of the Ring Atoms and Substitutents: The Thorpe-Ingold Effect
Baldwin's Rules
Conformational Aspects of the Chemistry of Six-Membered Ring Compounds / 11-4.:
Cyclohexane
Monosubstituted Cyclohexanes
Disubstituted and Polysubstituted Cyclohexanes
Conformation and Physical Properties in Cyclohexane Derivatives
Conformation and Reactivity in Cyclohexanes
sp[superscript 2] Hybridized Cyclohexyl Systems
Six-Membered Saturated Heterocycles
Chemistry of Ring Compounds Other than Six-Membered Ones / 11-5.:
Three-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings
Five-Membered Rings
Rings Larger Than Six-Membered
Stereochemistry of Fused, Bridged, and Caged Ring Systems / 11-6.:
Fused Rings
Bridged Rings
Propellanes
Catenanes, Rotaxanes, Knots, and Mobius Strips
Cubane, Tetrahedrane, Dodecahedrane, Adamantane, and Buckminsterfullerene
Chiroptical Properties / 12:
Optical Activity and Anisotropic Refraction / 12-1.:
Origin and Theory
Optical Rotatory Dispersion
Circular Dichroism and Anisotropic Absorption / 12-3.:
Applications of Optical Rotary Dispersion and Circular Dichroism / 12-4.:
Determination of Configuration and Conformation: Theory
Classification of Chromophores
Sector and Helicity Rules
Exciton Chirality
Other Applications: Induced ORD and CD
Circular Dichroism of Chiral Polymers
Applications of Optical Activity / 12-5.:
Polarimetry
Empirical Rules and Correlations: Calculation of Optical Rotation
Vibrational Optical Activity / 12-6.:
Chirality in Molecules Devoid of Chiral Centers / 13:
Introduction and Nomenclature / 13-1.:
Allenes / 13-2.:
Historical Overview and Natural Occurrence
Synthesis of Optically Active Allenes
Determination of Configuration and Enantiomeric Purity of Allenes
Cyclic Allenes, Cumulenes, and Ketene Imines
Alkylidenecycloalkanes / 13.3.:
Spiranes / 13-4.:
Biphenyls and Atropisomerism / 13-5.:
Biphenyls and Other Atropisomers of the sp[superscript 2]-sp[superscript 2] Single-Bond Type
Atropisomerism About sp[superscript 2]-sp[superscript 3] Single Bonds
Atropisomerism About sp[superscript 3]-sp[superscript 3] Bonds
Molecular Propellers / 13-6.:
Helicenes / 13-7.:
Molecules with Planar Chirality / 13-8.:
Cyclophanes
trans-Cycloalkenes
Metallocenes and Related Compounds
Index
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Scope / 1-1.:
9.

図書

図書
editors Barclay Kamb ... [et. al.]
出版情報: Singapore : World Scientific, c2001  2 v. ; 27 cm
シリーズ名: World scientific series in 20th century chemistry ; v. 10
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10.

図書

図書
Kenneth G. Budinski
出版情報: Materials Park, Ohio : ASM International : Materials Information Society, c2001  x, 398 p. ; 27 cm
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