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1.

図書

図書
[by] J. E. C. Williams
出版情報: London : Pion, c1970  213 p., [5] plates ; 23 cm
シリーズ名: Applied physics series ; 4
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2.

図書

図書
Michael Tinkham
出版情報: New York : McGraw-Hill, c1975  xiv, 296 p. ; 25 cm
シリーズ名: International series in pure and applied physics
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface
Suggestions for Using This Book
Preface to the First Edition
Historical Overview / 1:
The Basic Phenomena / 1.1:
The London Equations / 1.2:
The Pippard Nonlocal Electrodynamics / 1.3:
The Energy Gap and the BCS Theory / 1.4:
The Ginzburg-Landau Theory / 1.5:
Type II Superconductors / 1.6:
Phase, Josephson Tunneling, and Fluxoid Quantization / 1.7:
Fluctuations and Nonequilibrium Effects / 1.8:
High-Temperature Superconductivity / 1.9:
Introduction to Electrodynamics of Superconductors / 2:
Screening of a Static Magnetic Field / 2.1:
Flat Slab in Parallel Magnetic Field / 2.2.1:
Critical Current of Wire / 2.2.2:
Type I Superconductors in Strong Magnetic Fields: The Intermediate State / 2.3:
Nonzero Demagnetizing Factor / 2.3.1:
Intermediate State in a Flat Slab / 2.3.2:
Intermediate State of a Sphere / 2.3.3:
Intermediate State above Critical Current of a Superconducting Wire / 2.4:
High-Frequency Electrodynamics / 2.5:
Complex Conductivity in Two-Fluid Approximation / 2.5.1:
High-Frequency Dissipation in Superconductors / 2.5.2:
The BCS Theory / 3:
Cooper Pairs / 3.1:
Origin of the Attractive Interaction / 3.2:
The BCS Ground State / 3.3:
Variational Method / 3.4:
Determination of the Coefficients / 3.4.1:
Evaluation of Ground-State Energy / 3.4.2:
Isotope Effect / 3.4.3:
Solution by Canonical Transformation / 3.5:
Excitation Energies and the Energy Gap / 3.5.1:
Finite Temperatures / 3.6:
Determination of T[subscript c] / 3.6.1:
Temperature Dependence of the Gap / 3.6.2:
Thermodynamic Quantities / 3.6.3:
State Functions and the Density of States / 3.7:
Density of States / 3.7.1:
Electron Tunneling / 3.8:
The Semiconductor Model / 3.8.1:
Normal-Normal Tunneling / 3.8.2:
Normal-Superconductor Tunneling / 3.8.3:
Superconductor-Superconductor Tunneling / 3.8.4:
Phonon Structure / 3.8.5:
Transition Probabilities and Coherence Effects / 3.9:
Ultrasonic Attenuation / 3.9.1:
Nuclear Relaxation / 3.9.2:
Electromagnetic Absorption / 3.9.3:
Electrodynamics / 3.10:
Calculation of K(0, T) or [lambda subscript L](T) / 3.10.1:
Calculation of K(q, 0) / 3.10.2:
Nonlocal Electrodynamics in Coordinate Space / 3.10.3:
Effect of Impurities / 3.10.4:
Complex Conductivity / 3.10.5:
The Penetration Depth / 3.11:
Preliminary Estimate of [lambda] for Nonlocal Case / 3.11.1:
Solution by Fourier Analysis / 3.11.2:
Temperature Dependence of [lambda] / 3.11.3:
Penetration Depth in Thin Films: [lambda subscript eff] and [lambda subscript perpendicular, bottom] / 3.11.4:
Measurement of [lambda] / 3.11.5:
Concluding Summary / 3.12:
Ginzburg-Landau Theory / 4:
The Ginzburg-Landau Free Energy / 4.1:
The Ginzburg-Landau Differential Equations / 4.2:
The Ginzburg-Landau Coherence Length / 4.2.1:
Calculations of the Domain-Wall Energy Parameter / 4.3:
Critical Current of a Thin Wire or Film / 4.4:
Fluxoid Quantization and the Little-Parks Experiment / 4.5:
The Fluxoid / 4.5.1:
The Little-Parks Experiment / 4.5.2:
Parallel Critical Field of Thin Flims / 4.6:
Thicker Films / 4.6.1:
The Linearized GL Equation / 4.7:
Nucleation in Bulk Samples: H[subscript c2] / 4.8:
Nucleation at Surfaces: H[subscript c3] / 4.9:
Nucleation in Films and Foils / 4.10:
Angular Dependence of the Critical Field of Thin Films / 4.10.1:
Nucleation in Films of Intermediate Thickness / 4.10.2:
The Abrikosov Vortex State at H[subscript c2] / 4.11:
Magnetic Properties of Classic Type II Superconductors / 5:
Behavior Near H[subscript c1]: The Structure of an Isolated Vortex / 5.1:
The High-[kappa] Approximation / 5.1.1:
Vortex-Line Energy / 5.1.2:
Interaction between Vortex Lines / 5.2:
Magnetization Curves / 5.3:
Low Flux Density / 5.3.1:
Intermediate Flux Densities / 5.3.2:
Regime Near H[subscript c2] / 5.3.3:
Flux Pinning, Creep, and Flow / 5.4:
Flux Flow / 5.5:
The Bardeen-Stephen Model / 5.5.1:
Onset of Resistance in a Wire / 5.5.2:
Experimental Verification of Flux Flow / 5.5.3:
Concluding Remarks on Flux Flow / 5.5.4:
The Critical-State Model / 5.6:
Thermally Activated Flux Creep / 5.7:
Anderson-Kim Flux-Creep Theory / 5.7.1:
Thermal Instability / 5.7.2:
Superconducting Magnets for Time-Varying Fields / 5.8:
Flux Jumps / 5.8.1:
Twisted Composite Conductors / 5.8.2:
Josephson Effect I: Basic Phenomena and Applications / 6:
Introduction / 6.1:
The Josephson Critical Current / 6.2:
Short One-Dimensional Metallic Weak Links / 6.2.1:
Other Weak Links / 6.2.2:
Gauge-Invariant Phase / 6.2.3:
The RCSJ Model / 6.3:
Definition of the Model / 6.3.1:
I-V Characteristics at T=0 / 6.3.2:
Effects of Thermal Fluctuations / 6.3.3:
rf-Driven Junctions / 6.3.4:
Josephson Effect in Presence of Magnetic Flux / 6.4:
The Basic Principle of Quantum Interference / 6.4.1:
Extended Junctions / 6.4.2:
Time-Dependent Solutions / 6.4.3:
SQUID Devices / 6.5:
The dc SQUID / 6.5.1:
The rf SQUID / 6.5.2:
SQUID Applications / 6.5.3:
Arrays of Josephson Junctions / 6.6:
Arrays in Zero Magnetic Field / 6.6.1:
Arrays in Uniform Magnetic Field / 6.6.2:
Arrays in rf Fields: Giant Shapiro Steps / 6.6.3:
S-I-S Detectors and Mixers / 6.7:
S-I-S Detectors / 6.7.1:
S-I-S Mixers / 6.7.2:
Josephson Effect II: Phenomena Unique to Small Junctions / 7:
Damping Effect of Lead Impedance / 7.1:
Effect on Retrapping Current / 7.2.1:
The Phase Diffusion Branch / 7.2.2:
Quantum Consequences of Small Capacitance / 7.3:
Particle Number Eigenstates / 7.3.1:
Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling / 7.3.2:
Introduction to Single Electron Tunneling: The Coulomb Blockade and Staircase / 7.4:
Energy and Charging Relations in Quasi-Equilibrium / 7.5:
Zero Bias Circuit with Normal Island / 7.5.1:
Even-Odd Number Parity Effect with Superconducting Island / 7.5.2:
Zero Bias Supercurrents with Superconducting Island and Leads / 7.5.3:
Double-Junction Circuit with Finite Bias Voltage / 7.6:
Orthodox Theory and Determination of the I-V Curve / 7.6.1:
The Special Case R[subscript 2] [double greater-than sign] R[subscript 1] / 7.6.2:
Cotunneling or Macroscopic Quantum Tunneling of Charge / 7.6.3:
Superconducting Island with Finite Bias Voltage / 7.6.4:
Fluctuation Effects in Classic Superconductors / 8:
Appearance of Resistance in a Thin Superconducting Wire / 8.1:
Appearance of Resistance in a Thin Superconducting Film: The Kosterlitz-Thouless Transition / 8.2:
Superconductivity above T[subscript c] in Zero-Dimensional Systems / 8.3:
Spatial Variation of Fluctuations / 8.4:
Fluctuation Diamagnetism above T[subscript c] / 8.5:
Diamagnetism in Two-Dimensional Systems / 8.5.1:
Time Dependence of Fluctuations / 8.6:
Fluctuation-Enhanced Conductivity above T[subscript c] / 8.7:
Three Dimensions / 8.7.1:
Two Dimensions / 8.7.2:
One Dimension / 8.7.3:
Anomalous Contributions to Fluctuation Conductivity / 8.7.4:
High-Frequency Conductivity / 8.7.5:
The High-Temperature Superconductors / 9:
The Lawrence-Doniach Model / 9.1:
The Anisotropic Ginzburg-Landau Limit / 9.2.1:
Crossover to Two-Dimensional Behavior / 9.2.2:
Discussion / 9.2.3:
Magnetization of Layered Superconductors / 9.3:
The Anisotropic Ginzburg-Landau Regime / 9.3.1:
The Lock-In Transition / 9.3.2:
Flux Motion and the Resistive Transition: An Initial Overview / 9.4:
The Melting Transition / 9.5:
A Simple Model Calculation / 9.5.1:
Experimental Evidence / 9.5.2:
Two-Dimensional vs. Three-Dimensional Melting / 9.5.3:
The Effect of Pinning / 9.6:
Pinning Mechanisms in HTSC / 9.6.1:
Larkin-Ovchinnikov Theory of Collective Pinning / 9.6.2:
Giant Flux Creep in the Collective Pinning Model / 9.6.3:
The Vortex-Glass Model / 9.6.4:
Correlated Disorder and the Boson Glass Model / 9.6.5:
Granular High-Temperature Superconductors / 9.7:
Effective Medium Parameters / 9.7.1:
Relationship between Granular and Continuum Models / 9.7.2:
The "Brick-Wall" Model / 9.7.3:
Fluxons and High-Frequency Losses / 9.8:
Anomalous Properties of High-Temperature and Exotic Superconductors / 9.9:
Unconventional Pairing / 9.9.1:
Pairing Symmetry and Flux Quantization / 9.9.2:
The Energy Gap / 9.9.3:
Heavy Fermion Superconductors / 9.9.4:
Special Topics / 10:
The Bogoliubov Method: Generalized Self-Consistent Field / 10.1:
Dirty Superconductors / 10.1.1:
Uniform Current in Pure Superconductors / 10.1.2:
Excitations in Vortex / 10.1.3:
Magnetic Perturbations and Gapless Superconductivity / 10.2:
Depression of T[subscript c] by Magnetic Perturbations / 10.2.1:
Time-Dependent Ginzburg-Landau Theory / 10.2.2:
Electron-Phonon Relaxation / 10.3.1:
Nonequilibrium Superconductivity / 11:
Quasi-Particle Disequilibrium / 11.1:
Energy-Mode vs. Charge-Mode Disequilibrium / 11.2.1:
Relaxation Times / 11.2.2:
Energy-Mode Disequilibrium: Steady-State Enhancement of Superconductivity / 11.3:
Enhancement by Microwaves / 11.3.1:
Enhancement by Extraction of Quasi-Particles / 11.3.2:
Energy-Mode Disequilibrium: Dynamic Nonequilibrium Effects / 11.4:
GL Equation for Time-Dependent Gap / 11.4.1:
Transient Superconductivity above I[subscript c] / 11.4.2:
Dynamic Enhancement in Metallic Weak Links / 11.4.3:
Charge-Mode Disequilibrium: Steady-State Regimes / 11.5:
Andreev Reflection / 11.5.1:
Subharmonic Energy Gap Structure / 11.5.2:
Time-Dependent Charge-Mode Disequilibrium: Phase-Slip Centers / 11.6:
Units / Appendix 1:
Notation and Conventions / Appendix 2:
Exact Solution for Penetration Depth by Fourier Analysis / Appendix 3:
Bibliography
Index
Preface
Suggestions for Using This Book
Preface to the First Edition
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