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EB
edited by Andrei K. Yudin
出版情報: Wiley Online Library Online Books, 2006 , Weinheim : Wiley-VCH, c2006
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Asymmetric Synthesis Of Epoxides And Aziridines From Aldehydes And Imines
Asymmetric Epoxidation of Carbonyl Compounds Asymmetric Aziridination of Imines Vinylaziridines In Organic Synthesis
Direct Synthesis of Vinylaziridines Ring-opening Reactions with Nucleophiles Isomerization Including Rearrangement Cycloaddition Electron Transfer to Vinylaziridines
Asymmetric Syntheses With Aziridinecarboxylate And Aziridinephosphonate Building Blocks
Preparation of Aziridine-2-carboxylates and Aziridine-2-phosphonates Reactions of Aziridine-2-carboxylates and Aziridine-2-phosphonates Applications in Natural Product Syntheses
Synthesis Of Aziridines
Overview and General Features
Metalated Epoxides And Aziridines In Synthesis
Metalated Epoxides Metalated Aziridines
Metal-Catalyzed Synthesis Of Epoxides
Oxidants Available for Selective Transition Metal-catalyzed Epoxidation
Epoxidations of Olefins Catalyzed by Early Transition Metals Chromium
Molybdenum-, and Tungsten-catalyzed Epoxidations
Manganese-catalyzed Epoxidations Rhenium-catalyzed Epoxidations Iron-catalyzed Epoxidations Ruthenium-catalyzed Epoxidations
Catalytic Asymmetric Epoxide Ring-Opening Chemistry
Enantioselective Nucleophilic Addition to Meso-Epoxides
Kinetic Resolution of Racemic Epoxides Enantioselective Rearrangements of Epoxides
Epoxides In Complex Molecule Synthesis
Synthesis of Complex Molecules by Intramolecular Ring-opening of Epoxides with Heteronucleophiles
Synthesis of Complex Molecules by Ring-opening of Epoxides with C-Nucleophiles Epoxy Glycals Synthesis of Complex Molecules by Rearrangement Reactions of Epoxides
Vinylepoxides In Organic Synthesis
Synthesis of Vinylepoxides Transformations of Vinylepoxides
The Biosynthesis Of Epoxides
Cytochrome P450 Monooxygenases Flavin-dependent Epoxidases Dioxygenases Epoxidation through Dehydrogenation Dehalogenases
Aziridine Natural Products
Discovery, Biological Activity And Biosynthesis
Mitomycins and Related Natural Products
The Azinomycins Other Aziridine Natural Products
Epoxides And Aziridines In Click Chemistry
Epoxides in Click Chemistry Aziridines in Click Chemistry
Aziridinium Ions in Click Chemistry
Asymmetric Synthesis Of Epoxides And Aziridines From Aldehydes And Imines
Asymmetric Epoxidation of Carbonyl Compounds Asymmetric Aziridination of Imines Vinylaziridines In Organic Synthesis
Direct Synthesis of Vinylaziridines Ring-opening Reactions with Nucleophiles Isomerization Including Rearrangement Cycloaddition Electron Transfer to Vinylaziridines
2.

電子ブック

EB
Werner Vogel and Dirk-Gunnar Welsch
出版情報: Wiley Online Library Online Books, 2006 , Weinheim : Wiley-VCH, c2006
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
From Einstein's hypothesis to photon anti-bunching / 1.1:
Nonclassical phenorrena / 1.2:
Source-attributed light / 1.3:
Medium-assisted electromagnetic fields / 1.4:
Measurement of light statistics / 1.5:
Determination and preparation of quantum states / 1.6:
Quantized motion of cold atoms / 1.7:
Elements of quantum electrodynamics / 2:
Basic classical equations / 2.1:
The free electromagnetic field / 2.2:
Canonical quantization / 2.2.1:
Monochromatic-mode expansion / 2.2.2:
Nonmonochromatic modes / 2.2.3:
Interaction with charged particles / 2.3:
Minimal coupling / 2.3.1:
Multipolar coupling / 2.3.2:
Dielectric background media / 2.4:
Nondispersing and nonabsorbing media / 2.4.1:
Dispersing and absorbing media / 2.4.2:
Approximate interaction Hamiltonians / 2.5:
The electric-dipole approximation / 2.5.1:
The rotating-wave approximation / 2.5.2:
Effective Hamiltonians / 2.5.3:
Source-quantity representation / 2.6:
Time-dependent commutation relations / 2.7:
Correlation functions of field operators / 2.8:
Quantum states of bosonic systems / 3:
Number states / 3.1:
Statistics of the number states / 3.1.1:
Multi-mode number states / 3.1.2:
Coherent states / 3.2:
Statistics of the coherent states / 3.2.1:
Multi-mode coherent states / 3.2.2:
Displaced number states / 3.2.3:
Squeezed states / 3.3:
Statistics of the squeezed states / 3.3.1:
Multi-mode squeezed states / 3.3.2:
Quadrature eigenstates / 3.4:
Phase states / 3.5:
The eigenvalue problem of V / 3.5.1:
Cosine and sine phase states / 3.5.2:
Bosonic systems in phase space / 4:
The statistical density operator / 4.1:
Phase-space functions / 4.2:
Normal ordering: The P function / 4.2.1:
Anti-normal and symmetric ordering: The Q and the W function / 4.2.2:
Parameterized phase-space functions / 4.2.3:
Operator expansion in phase space / 4.3:
Orthogonalization relations / 4.3.1:
The density operator in phase space / 4.3.2:
Some elementary examples / 4.3.3:
Quantum theory of damping / 5:
Quantum Langevin equations and one-time averages / 5.1:
Hamiltonian / 5.1.1:
Heisenberg equations of motion / 5.1.2:
Born and Markov approximations / 5.1.3:
Quantum Langevin equations / 5.1.4:
Master equations and related equations / 5.2:
Master equations / 5.2.1:
Fokker-Planck equations / 5.2.2:
Damped harmonic oscillator / 5.3:
Langevin equations / 5.3.1:
Radiationless dephasing / 5.3.2:
Damped two-level system / 5.4:
Basic equations / 5.4.1:
Optical Bloch equations / 5.4.2:
Quantum regression theorem / 5.5:
Photoelectric detection of light / 6:
Photoelectric counting / 6.1:
Quantum-mechanical transition probabilities / 6.1.1:
Photoelectric counting probabilities / 6.1.2:
Counting moments and correlations / 6.1.3:
Photoelectric counts and photons / 6.2:
Detection scheme / 6.2.1:
Mode expansion / 6.2.2:
Photon-number statistics / 6.2.3:
Nonperturbative corrections / 6.3:
Spectral detection / 6.4:
Radiation-field modes / 6.4.1:
Input-output relations / 6.4.2:
Spectral correlation functions / 6.4.3:
Homodyne detection / 6.5:
Fields combining through a nonabsorbing beam splitter / 6.5.1:
Fields combining through an absorbing beam splitter / 6.5.2:
Unbalanced four-port homodyning / 6.5.3:
Balanced four-port homodyning / 6.5.4:
Balanced eight-port homodyning / 6.5.5:
Homodyne correlation measurement / 6.5.6:
Normally ordered moments / 6.5.7:
Quantum-state reconstruction / 7:
Optical homodyne tomography / 7.1:
Quantum state and phase-rotated quadratures / 7.1.1:
Wigner function / 7.1.2:
Density matrix in phase-rotated quadrature basis / 7.2:
Density matrix in the number basis / 7.3:
Sampling from quadrature components / 7.3.1:
Reconstruction from displaced number states / 7.3.2:
Local reconstruction of phase-space functions / 7.4:
Canonical phase statistics / 7.5:
Nonclassicality and entanglement of bosonic systems / 8:
Quantum states with classical counterparts / 8.1:
Nonclassical light / 8.2:
Photon anti-bunching / 8.2.1:
Sub-Poissonian light / 8.2.2:
Squeezed light / 8.2.3:
Nonclassical characteristic functions / 8.3:
The Bochner theorem / 8.3.1:
First-order nonclassicality / 8.3.2:
Higher-order nonclassicality / 8.3.3:
Nonclassical moments / 8.4:
Reformulation of the Bochner condition / 8.4.1:
Criteria based on moments / 8.4.2:
Entanglement / 8.5:
Separable and nonseparable quantum states / 8.5.1:
Partial transposition and entanglement criteria / 8.5.2:
Leaky optical cavities / 9:
Solution of the Helmholtz equation / 9.1:
Cavity-response function / 9.1.2:
Internal field / 9.2:
Coarse-grained averaging / 9.3.1:
Nonmonochromatic modes and Langevin equations / 9.3.2:
External field / 9.4:
Commutation relations / 9.4.1:
Field correlation functions / 9.5.1:
Unwanted losses / 9.7:
Quantum-state extraction / 9.8:
Medium-assisted electromagnetic vacuum effects / 10:
Spontaneous emission / 10.1:
Weak atom-field coupling / 10.1.1:
Strong atom-field coupling / 10.1.2:
Vacuum forces / 10.2:
Force on an atom / 10.2.1:
The Casimir force / 10.2.2:
Resonance fluorescence / 11:
Two-level systems / 11.1:
Intensity / 11.2.1:
Intensity correlation and photon anti-bunching / 11.2.2:
Squeezing / 11.2.3:
Spectral properties / 11.2.4:
Multi-level effects / 11.3:
Dark resonances / 11.3.1:
Intermittent fluorescence / 11.3.2:
Vibronic coupling / 11.3.3:
A single atom in a high-Q cavity / 12:
The Jaynes-Cummings model / 12.1:
Electronic-state dynamics / 12.2:
Reduced density matrix / 12.2.1:
Collapse and revival / 12.2.2:
Quantum nature of the revivals / 12.2.3:
Coherent preparation / 12.2.4:
Field dynamics / 12.3:
Photon statistics / 12.3.1:
The Micromaser / 12.4:
Quantum-state preparation / 12.5:
Schrodinger-cat states / 12.5.1:
Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen pairs of atoms / 12.5.2:
Measurements of the cavity field / 12.6:
Quantum state endoscopy / 12.6.1:
QND measurement of the photon number / 12.6.2:
Determining arbitrary quantum states / 12.6.3:
Laser-driven quantized motion of a trapped atom / 13:
Quantized motion of an ion in a Paul trap / 13.1:
Interaction of a moving atom with light / 13.2:
Radio-frequency radiation / 13.2.1:
Optical radiation / 13.2.2:
Dynamics in the resolved sideband regime / 13.3:
Nonlinear Jaynes-Cummings model / 13.3.1:
Decoherence effects / 13.3.2:
Nonlinear motional dynamics / 13.3.3:
Preparing motional quantum states / 13.4:
Sideband laser-cooling / 13.4.1:
Coherent, number and squeezed states / 13.4.2:
Motional dark states / 13.4.3:
Measuring the quantum state / 13.5:
Tomographic methods / 13.5.1:
Local methods / 13.5.2:
Determination of entangled states / 13.5.3:
Appendix
The medium-assisted Green tensor / A:
Basic relations / A.1:
Asymptotic behavior / A.2:
Equal-time commutation relations / B:
Algebra of bosonic operators / C:
Exponential-operator disentangling / C.1:
Normal and anti-normal ordering / C.2:
Sampling function for the density matrix in the number basis / D:
Index
Preface
Introduction / 1:
From Einstein's hypothesis to photon anti-bunching / 1.1:
3.

電子ブック

EB
S.M. Sze, Kwok K. Ng
出版情報: Wiley Online Library, 2006  1 online resource (x, 815p.)
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Introduction
Semiconductor Physics / Part I:
Physics and Properties of Semiconductors-A Review / Chapter 1:
Crystal Structure / 1.1:
Energy Bands and Energy Gap / 1.3:
Carrier Concentration at Thermal Equilibrium / 1.4:
Carrier-Transport Phenomena / 1.5:
Phonon, Optical, and Thermal Properties / 1.6:
Heterojunctions and Nanostructures / 1.7:
Basic Equations and Examples / 1.8:
Device Building Blocks / Part II:
p-n Junctions / Chapter 2:
Depletion Region / 2.1:
Current-Voltage Characteristics / 2.3:
Junction Breakdown / 2.4:
Transient Behavior and Noise / 2.5:
Terminal Functions / 2.6:
Heterojunctions / 2.7:
Metal-Semiconductor Contacts / Chapter 3:
Formation of Barrier / 3.1:
Current Transport Processes / 3.3:
Measurement of Barrier Height / 3.4:
Device Structures / 3.5:
Ohmic Contact / 3.6:
Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor Capacitors / Chapter 4:
Ideal MIS Capacitor / 4.1:
Silicon MOS Capacitor / 4.3:
Transistors / Part III:
Bipolar Transistors / Chapter 5:
Static Characteristics / 5.1:
Microwave Characteristics / 5.3:
Related Device Structures / 5.4:
Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor / 5.5:
MOSFETS / Chapter 6:
Basic Device Characteristics / 6.1:
Nonuniform Doping and Buried-Channel Device / 6.3:
Device Scaling and Short-Channel Effects / 6.4:
MOSFET Structures / 6.5:
Circuit Applications / 6.6:
Nonvolatile Memory Devices / 6.7:
Single-Electron Transistor / 6.8:
JFETs, MESFETs, and MODFETs / Chapter 7:
JFET and MESFET / 7.1:
MODFET / 7.3:
Negative-Resistance and Power Devices / Part IV:
Tunnel Devices / Chapter 8:
Tunnel Diode / 8.1:
Related Tunnel Devices / 8.3:
Resonant-Tunneling Diode / 8.4:
IMPATT Diodes / Chapter 9:
Dynamic Characteristics / 9.1:
Power and Efficiency / 9.4:
Noise Behavior / 9.5:
Device Design and Performance / 9.6:
BARITT Diode / 9.7:
TUNNETT Diode / 9.8:
Transferred-Electron and Real-Space-Transfer Devices / Chapter 10:
Transferred-Electron Device / 10.1:
Real-Space-Transfer Devices / 10.3:
Thyristors and Power Devices / Chapter 11:
Thyristor Characteristics / 11.1:
Thyristor Variations / 11.3:
Other Power Devices / 11.4:
Photonic Devices and Sensors / Part V:
LEDs and Lasers / Chapter 12:
Radiative Transitions / 12.1:
Light-Emitting Diode (LED) / 12.3:
Laser Physics / 12.4:
Laser Operating Characteristics / 12.5:
Specialty Lasers / 12.6:
Photodetectors and Solar Cells / Chapter 13:
Photoconductor / 13.1:
Photodiodes / 13.3:
Avalanche Photodiode / 13.4:
Phototransistor / 13.5:
Charge-Coupled Device (CCD) / 13.6:
Metal-Semiconductor-Metal Photodetector / 13.7:
Quantum-Well Infrared Photodetector / 13.8:
Solar Cell / 13.9:
Sensors / Chapter 14:
Thermal Sensors / 14.1:
Mechanical Sensors / 14.3:
Magnetic Sensors / 14.4:
Chemical Sensors / 14.5:
Appendixes
List of Symbols / A:
International System of Units / B:
Unit Prefixes / C:
Greek Alphabet / D:
Physical Constants / E:
Properties of Important Semiconductors / F:
Properties of Si and GaAs / G:
Properties of SiO, and Si3N / H:
Index
MOSFETs
Properties of SiO[subscript 2] and Si[subscript 3]N[subscript 4]
Introduction
Semiconductor Physics / Part I:
Physics and Properties of Semiconductors-A Review / Chapter 1:
4.

電子ブック

EB
Donald R. Woods
出版情報: Wiley Online Library, 2006  1 online resource (xvi, 409p.)
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Preface
What is Trouble Shooting? / 1:
Characteristics of a Trouble-Shooting Problem / 1.1:
Characteristics of the Process Used to Solve Trouble-Shooting Problems / 1.2:
Self-Test and Reflections / 1.3:
Overview of the Book / 1.4:
Summary / 1.5:
Cases to Consider / 1.6:
The Mental Problem-Solving Process used in Trouble Shooting / 2:
Problem Solving / 2.1:
Trouble Shooting / 2.2:
Overall Summary of Major Skills and a Worksheet / 2.3:
Example Use of the Trouble-Shooter's Worksheet / 2.4:
Rules of Thumb for Trouble Shooting / 2.5:
Overall / 3.1:
Transportation Problems / 3.2:
Energy Exchange / 3.3:
Homogeneous Separation / 3.4:
Heterogeneous Separations / 3.5:
Reactor Problems / 3.6:
Mixing Problems / 3.7:
Size-Decrease Problems / 3.8:
Size Enlargement / 3.9:
Vessels, Bins, Hoppers and Storage Tanks / 3.10:
"Systems" Thinking / 3.11:
Health, Fire and Stability / 3.12:
Trouble Shooting in Action: Examples / 4:
Case '3: The Case of the Cycling Column / 4.1:
Case '4: Platformer Fires / 4.2:
Case '5: The Sulfuric Acid Pump / 4.3:
Case '6: The Case of the Utility Dryer / 4.4:
Case '7: The Case of the Reluctant Crystallizer / 4.5:
Reflections about these Examples / 4.6:
Polishing Your Skills: Problem-Solving Process / 5:
Developing Awareness of the Problem-Solving Process / 5.1:
Strategies / 5.2:
Exploring the "Context": what is the Real Problem? / 5.3:
Creativity / 5.4:
Self-Assessment / 5.5:
Summary and Self-Rating / 5.6:
Polishing Your Skills: Gathering Data and the Critical-Thinking Process / 6:
Thinking Skills: How to Select Valid Diagnostic Actions / 6.1:
Thinking Skill: Consistency: Definitions, Cause-Effect and Fundamentals / 6.2:
Thinking Skills: Classification / 6.3:
Thinking Skills: Recognizing Patterns / 6.4:
Thinking Skill: Reasoning / 6.5:
Feedback and Self-Assessment / 6.6:
Exercises / 6.7:
Polishing Your Skills: Interpersonal Skills and Factors Affecting Personal Performance / 7:
Interpersonal Skills / 7.1:
Factors that Affect Personal Performance / 7.2:
The Environment / 7.3:
Exercises and Activities / 7.4:
Prescription for Improvement: Put it all Together / 8:
Approaches to Polish Your Skill / 8.1:
Cases to Help you Polish Your Skill / 8.2:
What Next? / 8.3:
Summary of Highlights / 9.1:
Reflection and Self-Assessment are Vital for the Development of Confidence / 9.2:
Going Beyond this Book: Setting Goals for Improvement / 9.3:
Going Beyond this Book: Updating your Rules of Thumb and Symptom / 9.4:
Cause Data for Process Equipment
Beyond this Book: Sources of Other Cases / 9.5:
Literature References
Index I. CD Contents
Feedback about Experience with Process Equipment / Appendix A:
Improving "Systems Thinking" / Appendix B:
Feedback on the Cases in Chapters 1, 2 and 7 / Appendix C:
Coded Answers for the Questions Posed to Solve the Cases / Appendix D:
Debrief for the Trouble-Shooting Cases / Appendix E:
Other Tasks for the Skill-Development Activities in Chapter 5 / Appendix F:
Selected Responses to the Activities in Chapters 6 and 7 / Appendix G:
Data about "Causes" for Selected Process Equipment / Appendix H:
Feedback about Symptoms for Selected Causes / Appendix I:
Guide for Students: How You Can Get the Most from this Book. J- / Appendix J:
Getting Started: Get the Big Picture. J-
Try a Trouble-Shooting Case where the Problem is Reasonably Well Defined. J-
See How Others Handle a Case. J-
Pause, Reflect on the Pretest
Preface
What is Trouble Shooting? / 1:
Characteristics of a Trouble-Shooting Problem / 1.1:
5.

電子ブック

EB
Samprit Chatterjee, Ali S. Hadi
出版情報: Wiley Online Library, 2006  1 online resource (xv, 375p.)
シリーズ名: Wiley series in probability and mathematical statistics
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Preface
Introduction / 1:
Simple Linear regression / 2:
Multiple Linear Regression / 3:
Regression Diagnostics: Detection of Model Violations / 4:
Qualitative Variables as Predictors / 5:
Transformation of Variables / 6:
Weighted Least Squar45es / 7:
The Problem of Correlated Errors / 8:
Analysis of Collinear Data / 9:
Biased Estimation of Regression Coefficients / 10:
Variable Selection Procedures / 11:
Logistic Regression / 12:
Further Topics / 13:
Statistical Tables / Appendix A:
References
Index
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Simple Linear regression / 2:
6.

電子ブック

EB
edited by Jane Drummond ... [et al.]
出版情報: [Abingdon] : Taylor & Francis Group, 2006  1 online resource (xxvii, 310 p.)
シリーズ名: Innovations in GIS ;
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7.

電子ブック

EB
edited by Michael A. Wulder, Steven E. Franklin
出版情報: [Abingdon] : Taylor & Francis Group, 2006  1 online resource (246 p., [8] pages of plates)
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8.

電子ブック

EB
edited by William B. Tolman
出版情報: Wiley Online Library Online Books , Weinheim : Wiley-VCH, c2006
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CO2 Reduction and Use as a Chemical Feedstock NO and N2O Binding and Reduction
Reduction of N2 Activation of H2 Oxidation Catalysis of O2 O2 Binding and Activation by Metalloproteins and Model Complexes
Preface
List of Contributors
Carbon Dioxide Reduction and Uses as a Chemical Feedstock / Michele Aresta1:
Introduction / 1.1:
Properties of the CO2 Molecule / 1.2:
CO 2 Coordination to Metal Centers and Reactivity of Coordinated CO 2 / 1.3:
CO 2 Conversion / 1.4:
Conclusions / 1.5:
References
Nitrogen Monoxide and Nitrous Oxide Binding and Reduction / Dong-Heon Lee ; Biplab Mondal ; Kenneth D. Karlin2:
NO / 2.1:
N 2 O / 2.3:
Summary and Conclusions / 2.4:
Bio-organometallic Approaches to Nitrogen Fixation Chemistry / Jonas C. Peters ; Mark P. Mehn3:
Introduction - The N2 Fixation Challenge / 3.1:
Biological N 2 Reduction / 3.2:
Biomimetic Systems that Model Structure and Function / 3.3:
Concluding Remarks / 3.4:
The Activation of Dihydrogen / Jesse W. Tye ; Michael B. Hall4:
Structure and Bonding of Metal-bound H-Atoms / 4.1:
Intramolecular H-Atom Exchange / 4.3:
Nonclassical H-Bonds / 4.4:
Reactivity of Metal-bound H-Atoms / 4.5:
Recent Advances in the Activation of Dihydrogen by Synthetic Complexes / 4.6:
Enzymatically Catalyzed Dihydrogen Oxidation and Proton Reduction / 4.7:
Acknowledgments / 4.8:
Abbreviations
Molecular Oxygen Binding and Activation: Oxidation Catalysis / Candace N. Cornell ; Matthew S. Sigman5:
Additive Coreductants / 5.1:
Ligand-modified Catalysis / 5.3:
Conclusions and Outlook / 5.4:
Dioxygen Binding and Activation: Reactive Intermediates / Andrew S. Borovik ; Paul J. Zinn ; Matthew K. Zart6:
Dioxygen Binders / 6.1:
Reactive Intermediates: Iron and Copper Species / 6.3:
Cobalt-Dioxygen Complexes / 6.4:
Manganese-Dioxygen Complexes / 6.5:
Nickel-Dioxygen Complexes and Their Reactive Intermediates / 6.6:
Summary / 6.7:
Methane Functionalization / Brian Conley ; William J. Tenn, III ; Kenneth J.H. Young ; Somesh Ganesh ; Steve Meier ; Jonas Oxgaard ; Jason Gonzales ; William A. Goddard III ; Roy A. Periana7:
Methane as a Replacement for Petroleum / 7.1:
Low Temperature is Key to Economical Methane Functionalization / 7.2:
CH Activation as a Pathway to Economical Methane Functionalization via CH Hydroxylation / 7.3:
Conclusions and Perspective for Methane Functionalization / 7.4:
Water Activation: Catalytic Hydrolysis / Lisa M. Berreau8:
Water Activation: Coordination Sphere Effects on M-OH2 Acidity and Structure / 8.1:
Secondary H-Bonding Effects on Substrate Coordination, Activation and Catalytic Hydrolysis Involving Phosphate Esters / 8.3:
Summary and Future Directions / 8.4:
Carbon Monoxide as a Chemical Feedstock: Carbonylation Catalysis / Piet W.N.M. van Leeuwen ; Zoraida Freixa9:
Rhodium-catalyzed Hydroformylation / 9.1:
Methanol Carbonylation / 9.3:
Subject Index / 9.4:
CO2 Reduction and Use as a Chemical Feedstock NO and N2O Binding and Reduction
Reduction of N2 Activation of H2 Oxidation Catalysis of O2 O2 Binding and Activation by Metalloproteins and Model Complexes
Preface
9.

電子ブック

EB
Jorge Castiñeira Moreira, Patrick Guy Farrell
出版情報: [Hoboken, N.J.] : Wiley Online Library, 2006  1 online resource (xxvi, 361 p.)
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Preface & Acknowledgements
Symbols & Abbreviations
Information and Coding Theory / 1:
Entropy and Information Rate / 1.2:
Extended Discrete Memoryless Source / 1.3:
Channels and Mutual Information / 1.4:
Channel Probability Relationships / 1.5:
The a priori and a posteriori Entropies / 1.6:
Mutual Information / 1.7:
Capacity of a Discrete Channel / 1.8:
Shannon's Theorems / 1.9:
Signal Spaces and the Channel Coding Theorem / 1.10:
Error Control Coding / 1.11:
Limits to Communication and their Consequences / 1.12:
Bibliography and References
Problems
Block Codes / 2:
Error Detection and Correction / 2.1:
Block Codes: Introduction and Parameters / 2.3:
The Vector Space over the Binary Field / 2.4:
Linear Block Codes / 2.5:
Syndrome Error Detection / 2.6:
Minimum Distance of a Block Code / 2.7:
Error Correction Capability of a Block Code / 2.8:
Syndrome Detection and the Standard Array / 2.9:
Hamming Codes / 2.10:
Forward Error Correction (FEC) and Automatic Repeat ReQuest (ARQ) / 2.11:
Cyclic Codes / 3:
Description / 3.1:
Polynomial Representation of Codewords / 3.2:
Generator Polynomial of a Cyclic Code / 3.3:
Cyclic Codes in Systematic Form / 3.4:
Generator Matrix of a Cyclic Code / 3.5:
Syndrome Calculation and Error Detection / 3.6:
Decoding of Cyclic Codes / 3.7:
An Application Example: CRC Code for the Ethernet Standard / 3.8:
BCH Codes / 4:
Introduction: The Minimal Polynomial / 4.1:
Description of BCH Cyclic Codes / 4.2:
Decoding of BCH Codes / 4.3:
Error Location and Error Evaluation Polynomials / 4.4:
The Key Equation / 4.5:
Decoding of BCH Codes using the Euclidean Algorithm / 4.6:
Reed-Solomon Codes / 5:
Introduction / 5.1:
Error Correction Capability of RS Codes: The Vandermonde Determinant / 5.2:
RS Codes in Systematic Form / 5.3:
Syndrome Decoding of RS Codes / 5.4:
The Euclidean Algorithm. Error Location and Evaluation Polynomials / 5.5:
Decoding of RS Codes using the Euclidean Algorithm / 5.6:
Decoding of RS and BCH Codes using the Berlekamp- Massey Algorithm / 5.7:
A Practical Application: Error-Control Coding for the Compact Disc (CD) / 5.8:
Encoding for RS codes C (RS) (28,24) , C (RS) (32,28) and C (RS) (255,251) / 5.9:
Decoding of RS Codes C (RS) (28,24) and C (RS) (32,28) / 5.10:
Importance of Interleaving Bibliography and References Problems / 5.11:
Conolutional Codes / 6:
Linear Sequential Circuits / 6.1:
Convolutional Codes and Encoders / 6.2:
Description in the D-Transform Domain / 6.3:
Convolutional Encoder Representations / 6.4:
Convolutional Codes in Systematic Form / 6.5:
General Structure of FIR and IIR Finite State Sequential Machines / 6.6:
State Transfer Function Matrix: Calculation of the Transfer Function / 6.7:
Relationship between the Systematic and Non-Systematic Forms / 6.8:
Distance Properti / 6.9:
Preface
Acknowledgements
List of Symbols
Abbreviations
Information / 1.1:
A Measure of Information / 1.1.1:
Extended DMSs
Information Transmission over Discrete Channels / 1.4.1:
Information Channels / 1.4.2:
The A Priori and A Posteriori Entropies
Mutual Information: Definition / 1.7.1:
Mutual Information: Properties / 1.7.2:
The Shannon Theorems
Source Coding Theorem / 1.9.1:
Channel Capacity and Coding / 1.9.2:
Channel Coding Theorem / 1.9.3:
Capacity of the Gaussian Channel / 1.10.1:
Error-Control Coding
Simple Codes: The Repetition Code / 2.2.1:
Vector Subspaces / 2.4.1:
Dual Subspace / 2.4.2:
Matrix Form / 2.4.3:
Dual Subspace Matrix / 2.4.4:
Generator Matrix G / 2.5.1:
Block Codes in Systematic Form / 2.5.2:
Parity Check Matrix H / 2.5.3:
Minimum Distance and the Structure of the H Matrix / 2.7.1:
Error-Correction Capability of a Block Code
Forward Error Correction and Automatic Repeat ReQuest
Forward Error Correction / 2.11.1:
Automatic Repeat ReQuest / 2.11.2:
ARQ Schemes / 2.11.3:
ARQ Scheme Efficiencies / 2.11.4:
Hybrid-ARQ Schemes / 2.11.5:
An Application Example: Cyclic Redundancy Check Code for the Ethernet Standard
Bounds on the Error-Correction Capability of a BCH Code: The Vandermonde Determinant / 4.2.1:
Error-Location and Error-Evaluation Polynomials
Decoding of Binary BCH Codes Using the Euclidean Algorithm
The Euclidean Algorithm / 4.6.1:
Error-Correction Capability of RS Codes: The Vandermonde Determinant
The Euclidean Algorithm: Error-Location and Error-Evaluation Polynomials
Decoding of RS Codes Using the Euclidean Algorithm
Steps of the Euclidean Algorithm / 5.6.1:
Decoding of RS and BCH Codes Using the Berlekamp-Massey Algorithm
B-M Iterative Algorithm for Finding the Error-Location Polynomial / 5.7.1:
B-M Decoding of RS Codes / 5.7.2:
Relationship Between the Error-Location Polynomials of the Euclidean and B-M Algorithms / 5.7.3:
A Practical Application: Error-Control Coding for the Compact Disk
Compact Disk Characteristics / 5.8.1:
Channel Characteristics / 5.8.2:
Coding Procedure / 5.8.3:
Encoding for RS codes C[subscript RS](28, 24), C[superscript RS](32, 28) and C[subscript RS](255, 251)
Decoding of RS Codes C[subscript RS](28, 24) and C[subscript RS](32, 28)
B-M Decoding / 5.10.1:
Alternative Decoding Methods / 5.10.2:
Direct Solution of Syndrome Equations / 5.10.3:
Importance of Interleaving
Convolutional Codes
Representation of Connections / 6.4.1:
State Diagram Representation / 6.4.2:
Trellis Representation / 6.4.3:
General Structure of Finite Impulse Response and Infinite Impulse Response FSSMs
Finite Impulse Response FSSMs / 6.6.1:
Infinite Impulse Response FSSMs / 6.6.2:
State Transfer Function for FIR FSSMs / 6.7.1:
State Transfer Function for IIR FSSMs / 6.7.2:
Relationship Between the Systematic and the Non-Systematic Forms
Distance Properties of Convolutional Codes
Minimum Free Distance of a Convolutional Code / 6.10:
Maximum Likelihood Detection / 6.11:
Decoding of Convolutional Codes: The Viterbi Algorithm / 6.12:
Extended and Modified State Diagram / 6.13:
Error Probability Analysis for Convolutional Codes / 6.14:
Hard and Soft Decisions / 6.15:
Maximum Likelihood Criterion for the Gaussian Channel / 6.15.1:
Bounds for Soft-Decision Detection / 6.15.2:
An Example of Soft-Decision Decoding of Convolutional Codes / 6.15.3:
Punctured Convolutional Codes and Rate-Compatible Schemes / 6.16:
Turbo Codes / 7:
A Turbo Encoder / 7.1:
Decoding of Turbo Codes / 7.2:
The Turbo Decoder / 7.2.1:
Probabilities and Estimates / 7.2.2:
Symbol Detection / 7.2.3:
The Log Likelihood Ratio / 7.2.4:
Markov Sources and Discrete Channels / 7.3:
The BCJR Algorithm: Trellis Coding and Discrete Memoryless Channels / 7.4:
Iterative Coefficient Calculation / 7.5:
The BCJR MAP Algorithm and the LLR / 7.6:
The BCJR MAP Algorithm: LLR Calculation / 7.6.1:
Calculation of Coefficients [gama iota](u[prime], u) / 7.6.2:
Turbo Decoding / 7.7:
Initial Conditions of Coefficients [alpha][subscript [iota]-1] (u[prime]) and [Beta iota] (u) / 7.7.1:
Construction Methods for Turbo Codes / 7.8:
Interleavers / 7.8.1:
Block Interleavers / 7.8.2:
Convolutional Interleavers / 7.8.3:
Random Interleavers / 7.8.4:
Linear Interleavers / 7.8.5:
Code Concatenation Methods / 7.8.6:
Turbo Code Performance as a Function of Size and Type of Interleaver / 7.8.7:
Other Decoding Algorithms for Turbo Codes / 7.9:
Exit Charts for Turbo Codes / 7.10:
Introduction to Exit Charts / 7.10.1:
Construction of the Exit Chart / 7.10.2:
Extrinsic Transfer Characteristics of the Constituent Decoders / 7.10.3:
Low-Density Parity Check Codes / 8:
Different Systematic Forms of a Block Code / 8.1:
Description of LDPC Codes / 8.2:
Construction of LDPC Codes / 8.3:
Regular LDPC Codes / 8.3.1:
Irregular LDPC Codes / 8.3.2:
Decoding of LDPC Codes: The Tanner Graph / 8.3.3:
The Sum-Product Algorithm / 8.4:
Sum-Product Algorithm for LDPC Codes: An Example / 8.5:
Simplifications of the Sum-Product Algorithm / 8.6:
A Logarithmic LDPC Decoder / 8.7:
Initialization / 8.7.1:
Horizontal Step / 8.7.2:
Vertical Step / 8.7.3:
Summary of the Logarithmic Decoding Algorithm / 8.7.4:
Construction of the Look-up Tables / 8.7.5:
Extrinsic Information Transfer Charts for LDPC Codes / 8.8:
Iterative Decoding of Block Codes / 8.8.1:
Exit Chart Construction for LDPC Codes / 8.8.3:
Mutual Information Function / 8.8.4:
Exit Chart for the SND / 8.8.5:
Exit Chart for the PCND / 8.8.6:
Fountain and LT Codes / 8.9:
Fountain Codes / 8.9.1:
Linear Random Codes / 8.9.3:
Luby Transform Codes / 8.9.4:
LDPC and Turbo Codes / 8.10:
Error Probability in the Transmission of Digital Signals / Appendix A:
Galois Fields GF(q) / Appendix B:
Answers to Problems
Index
Preface & Acknowledgements
Symbols & Abbreviations
Information and Coding Theory / 1:
10.

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B.R. Martin
出版情報: [Hoboken, N.J.] : Wiley Online Library, 2006  1 online resource (xv, 411 p.)
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Preface
Notes
Physical Constants and Conversion Factors
Basic Concepts / 1:
History / 1.1:
The origins of nuclear physics / 1.1.1:
The emergence of particle physics: the standard model and hadrons / 1.1.2:
Relativity and antiparticles / 1.2:
Symmetries and conservation laws / 1.3:
Parity / 1.3.1:
Charge conjugation / 1.3.2:
Interactions and Feynman diagrams / 1.4:
Interactions / 1.4.1:
Feynman diagrams / 1.4.2:
Particle exchange: forces and potentials / 1.5:
Range of forces / 1.5.1:
The Yukawa potential / 1.5.2:
Observable quantities: cross sections and decay rates / 1.6:
Amplitudes / 1.6.1:
Cross-sections / 1.6.2:
Unstable states / 1.6.3:
Units: length, mass and energy / 1.7:
Problems
Nuclear Phenomenology / 2:
Mass spectroscopy and binding energies / 2.1:
Nuclear shapes and sizes / 2.2:
Charge distribution / 2.2.1:
Matter distribution / 2.2.2:
Nuclear instability / 2.3:
Radioactive decay / 2.4:
Semi-empirical mass formula: the liquid drop model / 2.5:
[Beta]-decay phenomenology / 2.6:
Odd-mass nuclei / 2.6.1:
Even-mass nuclei / 2.6.2:
Fission / 2.7:
[gamma]-decays / 2.8:
Nuclear reactions / 2.9:
Particle Phenomenology / 3:
Leptons / 3.1:
Lepton multiplets and lepton numbers / 3.1.1:
Neutrinos / 3.1.2:
Neutrino mixing and oscillations / 3.1.3:
Neutrino masses / 3.1.4:
Universal lepton interactions - the number of neutrinos / 3.1.5:
Quarks / 3.2:
Evidence for quarks / 3.2.1:
Quark generations and quark numbers / 3.2.2:
Hadrons / 3.3:
Flavour independence and charge multiplets / 3.3.1:
Quark model spectroscopy / 3.3.2:
Hadron masses and magnetic moments / 3.3.3:
Experimental Methods / 4:
Overview / 4.1:
Accelerators and beams / 4.2:
DC accelerators / 4.2.1:
AC accelerators / 4.2.2:
Neutral and unstable particle beams / 4.2.3:
Particle interactions with matter / 4.3:
Short-range interactions with nuclei / 4.3.1:
Ionization energy losses / 4.3.2:
Radiation energy losses / 4.3.3:
Interactions of photons in matter / 4.3.4:
Particle detectors / 4.4:
Gas detectors / 4.4.1:
Scintillation counters / 4.4.2:
Semiconductor detectors / 4.4.3:
Particle identification / 4.4.4:
Calorimeters / 4.4.5:
Layered detectors / 4.5:
Quark Dynamics: the Strong Interaction / 5:
Colour / 5.1:
Quantum chromodynamics (QCD) / 5.2:
Heavy quark bound states / 5.3:
The strong coupling constant and asymptotic freedom / 5.4:
Jets and gluons / 5.5:
Colour counting / 5.6:
Deep inelastic scattering and nucleon structure / 5.7:
Electroweak Interactions / 6:
Charged and neutral currents / 6.1:
Symmetries of the weak interaction / 6.2:
Spin structure of the weak interactions / 6.3:
Particles with mass: chirality / 6.3.1:
W[superscript plusmn] and Z[superscript 0] bosons / 6.4:
Weak interactions of hadrons / 6.5:
Semileptonic decays / 6.5.1:
Neutrino scattering / 6.5.2:
Neutral meson decays / 6.6:
CP violation / 6.6.1:
Flavour oscillations / 6.6.2:
Neutral currents and the unified theory / 6.7:
Models and Theories of Nuclear Physics / 7:
The nucleon - nucleon potential / 7.1:
Fermi gas model / 7.2:
Shell model / 7.3:
Shell structure of atoms / 7.3.1:
Nuclear magic numbers / 7.3.2:
Spins, parities and magnetic dipole moments / 7.3.3:
Excited states / 7.3.4:
Non-spherical nuclei / 7.4:
Electric quadrupole moments / 7.4.1:
Collective model / 7.4.2:
Summary of nuclear structure models / 7.5:
[Alpha]-decay / 7.6:
[Beta]-decay / 7.7:
Fermi theory / 7.7.1:
Electron momentum distribution / 7.7.2:
Kurie plots and the neutrino mass / 7.7.3:
[gamma]-emission and internal conversion / 7.8:
Selection rules / 7.8.1:
Transition rates / 7.8.2:
Applications of Nuclear Physics / 8:
Induced fission - fissile materials / 8.1:
Fission chain reactions / 8.1.2:
Nuclear power reactors / 8.1.3:
Fusion / 8.2:
Coulomb barrier / 8.2.1:
Stellar fusion / 8.2.2:
Fusion reaction rates / 8.2.3:
Fusion reactors / 8.2.4:
Biomedical applications / 8.3:
Biological effects of radiation: radiation therapy / 8.3.1:
Medical imaging using radiation / 8.3.2:
Magnetic resonance imaging / 8.3.3:
Outstanding Questions and Future Prospects / 9:
Particle physics / 9.1:
The Higgs boson / 9.1.1:
Grand unification / 9.1.2:
Supersymmetry / 9.1.3:
Particle astrophysics / 9.1.4:
Nuclear physics / 9.2:
The structure of hadrons and nuclei / 9.2.1:
Quark-gluon plasma, astrophysics and cosmology / 9.2.2:
Symmetries and the standard model / 9.2.3:
Nuclear medicine / 9.2.4:
Power production and nuclear waste / 9.2.5:
Some Results in Quantum Mechanics / Appendix A:
Barrier penetration / A.1:
Density of states / A.2:
Perturbation theory and the Second Golden Rule / A.3:
Relativistic Kinematics / Appendix B:
Lorentz transformations and four-vectors / B.1:
Frames of reference / B.2:
Invariants / B.3:
Rutherford Scattering / Appendix C:
Classical physics / C.1:
Quantum mechanics / C.2:
Solutions to Problems / Appendix D:
References
Bibliography
Index
Preface
Notes
Physical Constants and Conversion Factors
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