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1.

電子ブック

EB
edited by Nick Mount ... [et al.]
出版情報: [Abingdon] : Taylor & Francis Group, 2008  1 online resource (xvi, 405 p.)
シリーズ名: Innovations in GIS ;
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Introduction to Representing, Modeling, and Visualizing the Natural Environment / G. Harvey ; N. Mount ; P. Aplin ; G. Priestnall
Representing the Natural Environment
Keynote Paper: Representation of the Natural Environment / M. Duckham
Keynote Paper: Representing
Surfaces in the Natural Environment: Implications for Research and Geographical Education / N. Waters
Developing Ontologies from a Domain Expert Perspective / F. Hemsley-Flint ; G. Hart ; J. Lee ; S. Thompson
The Spatial Disaggregation of Great Britain and European Agricultural Land Use / C.J. McClean
Comparing Different Land Cover Data Sets for Agricultural Monitoring in Africa / S. Fritz ; L. See ; F. Rembold ; M. Massart ; T. Nègre ; C. von Hagen
Using GIS to Identify Wildland Areas in the North Pennines / S. Blair ; S. Carver ; P. Samson
Representations of Environmental Data in Web-Based GIS / P. Mooney ; A.C. Winstanley
Developing and Applying a Participative Web-Based GIS for Integration of Public Perceptions into Strategic Environmental Assessment / A. Gonzalez ; A. Gilmer ; R. Foley ; J. Sweeney ; J. Fry
Modeling the Natural Environment
Keynote Paper: Challenges for Environmental Modeling / R. Aspinall
Keynote Paper: Spatial Scale and Neighborhood Size in Spatial Data Processing for Modeling the Natural Environment / A-X. Zhu
Invited Paper: Toward an Algebra for Terrain-Based Flow Analysis / D.G. Tarboton ; M.E. Baker
Spatial Terrain Modeling / S. Dalyot ; Y. Doytsher
Regions and Patterns of Forest Change in Brazil / A. de las Heras ; I.R. Lake
GM(1,1)-Kriging Prediction of Soil Dioxin Patterns / D. Guo ; R. Guo ; C. Thiart ; T. Oyana
Visualizing the Natural Environment
Keynote Paper: Information
Access, Depicting Geography, and Geographical Visualization Tools / W.E. Cartwright
Keynote Paper: Wiki Cartography and the Visualization of the Natural / D.Z. Sui
Invited Paper: GIS-Based
Landscape Visualization: The State of the Art / A. Lovett ; K. Appleton ; A. Jones
Visualizing
Species Distributions / D.J. Lieske ; D.J. Bender
Risk for Hill Walkers / A. Jardine ; W. Mackaness
Using Web-Based 3-D Visualization for Planning Hikes Virtually / S. Bleisch ; J. Dykes
PastureSim: A Visualization Tool for Pasture Management / C.E S. Rider ; F.E. Reitsma
Preface
The Editors
Contributors
Keynote Paper: Representing Surfaces in the Natural Environment-Implications for Research and Geographical Education / Gemma Harvey ; Nick Mount ; Paul Aplin ; Gary Priestnall ; Matt Duckham ; Nigel WatersChapter 1:
The Spatial Disaggregation of Great Britain and European Agricultural Land Use Statistics / Fiona Hemsley-Flint ; Glen Hart ; John Lee ; Stewart Thompson ; Colin J. McCleanChapter 4:
Spatial Terrain Modeling: A Hierarchical Approach Toward 3-D Geospatial Data Set Merging / Steffen Fritz ; Linda See ; Felix Rembold ; Michel Massart ; Thierry Negre ; Craig von Hagen ; Stuart Blair ; Steve Carver ; Peter Samson ; Peter Mooney ; Adam C. Winstanley ; Ainhoa Gonzalez ; Alan Gilmer ; Ronan Foley ; John Sweeney ; John Fry ; Richard Aspinall ; A-Xing Zhu ; David G. Tarboton ; Matthew E. Baker ; Sagi Dalyot ; Yerach DoytsherChapter 6:
Regions and Patterns of Forest Change in Brazil: A Geographically Weighted Regression / Alejandro de las Heras ; Iain R. LakeChapter 14:
Keynote Paper: Information Access, Depicting Geography, and Geographical Visualization Tools / Danni Guo ; Renkuan Guo ; Christien Thiart ; Tonny Oyana ; William E. CartwrightChapter 15:
Keynote Paper: Wiki Cartography and the Visualization of the Natural Environment / Daniel Z. SuiChapter 17:
Invited Paper: GIS-Based Landscape Visualization-The State of the Art / Andrew Lovett ; Katy Appleton ; Andy JonesChapter 18:
Visualizing Species Distributions / David J. Lieske ; Darren J. BenderChapter 19:
Visualizing Risk for Hill Walkers / Alastair Jardine ; William MackanessChapter 20:
Index / Susanne Bleisch ; Jason Dykes ; Conrad E. S. Rider ; Femke E. ReitsmaChapter 21:
Introduction to Representing, Modeling, and Visualizing the Natural Environment / G. Harvey ; N. Mount ; P. Aplin ; G. Priestnall
Representing the Natural Environment
Keynote Paper: Representation of the Natural Environment / M. Duckham
2.

電子ブック

EB
Bong Wie
出版情報: Reston, VA : American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, c2008  1 online resource (xvii, 950 p.) ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: AIAA education series
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3.

電子ブック

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Koichi Maekawa, Tetsuya Ishida and Toshiharu Kishi
出版情報: [London] : Taylor & Francis Group , London : CRC Press, 2008  1 online resource (xiv, 655 p.)
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"Introduction "Multi-phase, Multi-Chemo-Physical Modelling of Structural Concrete / Chapter 1:
Basic computational scheme / 1.1:
Multi-scale modelling / 1.2:
Numerical simulation / 1.3:
Practical Application / 1.4:
"Hydration of Cement in Concrete / Chapter 2:
Multi-component hydration model of cement minerals and pozzolans / 2.1:
Strength development modelling of cement hydration products / 2.2:
"Micro Pore-Structure and Moisture / Chapter 3:
Basic modelling of micro pore-structure of cement hydrates / 3.1:
Basic modelling of moisture transport and thermodynamic equilibrium / 3.2:
Extended modelling of temperature-dependent micro pore-structure / 3.3:
Extended modelling of temperature-dependent moisture transport and equilibrium / 3.4:
"Transport of Carbon Dioxide and Carbonation / Chapter 4:
Simplified modelling of carbonation / 4.1:
Enhanced modelling of carbonation / 4.2:
"Calcium Ion Transport and Leaching / Chapter 5:
Modelling of calcium leaching from cement hydrates / 5.1:
Analysis and verification / 5.2:
Extended modelling of cemented soil / 5.3:
Leaching model of calcium from cemented soil / 5.4:
General verification / 5.5:
"Chloride Ion Transport and Corrosion / Chapter 6:
Chloride binding capacity of cementitious materials / 6.1:
Modelling of Chloride ion transport / 6.2:
Modelling of steel corrosion in concrete / 6.3:
"Time-Dependent Mechanics of Cement Hydrates / Chapter 7:
Moisture in micro-pores and time-dependency / 7.1:
Unified solidification model of cementitous composites "long-term nonlinearity / 7.2:
Multi-chemo physics of creep for cement hydrates / 7.3:
Verification of cement hydrates / 7.4:
Mechanical nature of aggregates / 7.5:
"Time-Dependent Mechanics of Structural Concrete / Chapter 8:
Elasto-plastic and fracturing model in compression "short-term nonlinearity / 8.1:
Time-dependent softening of RC beams in flexure / 8.2:
Post peak collapse analysis / 8.3:
Cyclic cumulative damaging and modelling in compression / 8.4:
Short-term cyclic damaging of RC structures / 8.5:
Long-term constitutive model of cracked concrete / 8.6:
Long-term time-dependent structural responses / 8.7:
"Structural Mechanics of Damaged Concrete Strcutures / Chapter 9:
Multi-mechanics of corrosive substances and concrete (micro-level) / 9.1:
Critical corrosion for cover cracking / 9.2:
Multi-mechanics of corrosive substances and structural concrete (meso-level) / 9.3:
Structural performance of damaged RC members "corrosion cracking / 9.4:
Structural performance of damaged RC members "anchorage of stirrups" / 9.5:
Structural performance of damaged RC members "anchorage of main reinforcement / 9.6:
"Fatigue Life of Structural Concrete / Chapter 10:
Two-dimensional fatigue model of cracked structural concrete / 10.1:
Two dimensional verification : Extended truss model for 2D beams / 10.2:
Corrosive crack damage on fatigue / 10.3:
Three-dimensional fatigue model of cracked structural concrete / 10.4:
Fatigue of RC slabs and three-dimensional verification / 10.5:
Three-dimensional fatigue model of RC joint interface / 10.6:
"Introduction "Multi-phase, Multi-Chemo-Physical Modelling of Structural Concrete / Chapter 1:
Basic computational scheme / 1.1:
Multi-scale modelling / 1.2:
4.

電子ブック

EB
edited by Christian Bruneau and Pierre Dixneuf
出版情報: Wiley Online Library Online Books , Weinheim : Wiley-VCH, c2008
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Preface
List of Contributors
Preparation and Stoichiometric Reactivity of Mononuclear Metal Vinylidene Complexes / Michael I. Bruce1:
Introduction / 1.1:
Preparative Methods / 1.2:
From 1-Alkynes / 1.2.1:
Migration of Other Groups (SiR[subscript 3], SnR[subscript 3], SR, SeR) / 1.2.1.1:
The [eta superscript 2]-Alkyne to Hydrido([eta superscript 1]-Alkynyl) to Vinylidene Transformation / 1.2.2:
From Metal Alkynyls / 1.2.3:
Some Specific Examples / 1.2.3.1:
Redox Rearrangements of Metal Alkynyls and Vinylidenes / 1.2.3.2:
From Metal Allenylidenes via Metal Alkynyls / 1.2.4:
From Metal-Carbyne Complexes / 1.2.5:
From Metal-Carbon Complexes / 1.2.6:
From Acyl Complexes / 1.2.7:
From Vinyls / 1.2.8:
From Alkenes / 1.2.9:
Miscellaneous Reactions Affording Vinylidenes / 1.2.10:
Vinylvinylidene Complexes / 1.2.11:
Stoichiometric Reactions / 1.3:
Reactions at C[subscript alpha] / 1.3.1:
Deprotonation / 1.3.1.1:
Group 16 Nucleophiles. Oxygen / 1.3.1.2:
Alcohols / 1.3.1.3:
Sulfur / 1.3.1.4:
Group 15 Nucleophiles. Nitrogen / 1.3.1.5:
Phosphorus / 1.3.1.6:
Halogen Nucleophiles / 1.3.1.7:
Carbon Nucleophiles / 1.3.1.8:
Hydride / 1.3.1.9:
Intramolecular Reactions / 1.3.2:
Formation of Cyclopropenes / 1.3.2.1:
Attack on Coordinated Phosphines / 1.3.2.2:
Coupling / 1.3.2.3:
Vinylidene/Alkyne Coupling / 1.3.2.4:
Formation of [pi]-Bonded Ligands / 1.3.2.5:
Reactions at C[subscript beta] / 1.3.3:
Protonation / 1.3.3.1:
Alkylation / 1.3.3.2:
Other Electrophiles / 1.3.3.3:
Cycloaddition Reactions / 1.3.4:
Adducts with Other Metal Fragments / 1.3.5:
Ligand Substitution / 1.3.6:
Miscellaneous Reactions / 1.3.7:
Chemistry of Specific Complexes / 1.4:
Reactions of Ti(=C=CH[subscript 2])Cp*[subscript 2] / 1.4.1:
Complexes Derived From Li[M(C identical with CR)(CO)(NO)Cp] (M=Cr, W) / 1.4.2:
Reactions of M(=C=CRR')(CO)[subscript 5] (M = Cr, Mo, W) / 1.4.3:
Reactions of M(=C=CRR')(CO)(L) Cp (M = Mn, Re) / 1.4.4:
Reactions of [M(=C=CRR')(L')(P)Cp' superscript +] (M = Fe, Ru, Os) / 1.4.5:
Reactions of [Ru{=C=C(SMe)[subscript 2]}(PMe[subscript 3])subscript 2 Cp superscript +] / 1.4.6:
Reactions of trans-MCl(=C=CRR')(L)[subscript 2] (M=Rh, Ir) / 1.4.7:
Reactions Supposed to Proceed via Metal Vinylidene Complexes / 1.5:
Abbreviations
References
Preparation and Stoichiometric Reactivity of Metal Allenylidene Complexes / Victorio Cadierno ; Pascale Crochet ; Jose Gimeno2:
Preparation of Allenylidene Complexes / 2.1:
General Methods of Synthesis / 2.2.1:
Group 6 Metals / 2.2.2:
Group 7 Metals / 2.2.3:
Group 8 Metals / 2.2.4:
Octahedral and Five-Coordinate Derivatives / 2.2.4.1:
Half-Sandwich Derivatives / 2.2.4.2:
Other Synthetic Methodologies / 2.2.4.3:
Group 9 Metals / 2.2.5:
Coordination Models and Structural Features / 2.3:
Stoichiometric Reactivity of Allenylidenes / 2.4:
General Considerations of Reactivity / 2.4.1:
Electrophilic Additions / 2.4.2:
Nucleophilic Additions / 2.4.3:
Group 6 Metal-Allenylidenes / 2.4.3.1:
Group 7 Metal-Allenylidenes / 2.4.3.2:
Group 8 Metal-Allenylidenes / 2.4.3.3:
Group 9 Metal-Allenylidenes / 2.4.3.4:
C-C Couplings / 2.4.4:
Cycloaddition and Cyclization Reactions / 2.4.5:
Reactions Involving the M=C[subscript alpha] Bond / 2.4.5.1:
Reactions Involving the C[alpha]=C[subscript beta] Bond / 2.4.5.2:
Reactions Involving the C[subscript beta]=C[subscript gamma] Bond / 2.4.5.3:
Reactions Involving Both C[subscript alpha]=C[subscript beta] and C[subscript beta]=C[subscript gamma] Bonds (1,2,3-Heterocyclizations) / 2.4.5.4:
Other Reactions / 2.4.6:
Concluding Remarks / 2.5:
Preparation and Reactivity of Higher Metal Cumulenes Longer than Allenylidenes / Helmut Fischer3:
Steric and Electronic Structure / 3.1:
Synthesis of Cumulenylidene Complexes / 3.3:
Butatrienylidene Complex Synthesis / 3.3.1:
Pentatetraenylidene Complex Synthesis / 3.3.2:
Hexapentaenylidene Complex Synthesis / 3.3.3:
Heptahexaenylidene Complex Synthesis / 3.3.4:
Reactions of Higher Metal Cumulenes / 3.4:
Butatrienylidene Complexes / 3.4.1:
Pentatetraenylidene Complexes / 3.4.2:
Hexapentaenylidene Complexes / 3.4.3:
Heptahexaenylidene Complexes / 3.4.4:
Summary and Conclusion / 3.5:
Theoretical Aspects of Metal Vinylidene and Allenylidene Complexes / Jun Zhu ; Zhenyang Lin4:
Electronic Structures of Metal Vinylidene and Allenylidene Complexes / 4.1:
Metal Vinylidene Complexes / 4.2.1:
Metal Allenylidene Complexes / 4.2.2:
Barrier of Rotation of Vinylidene Ligands / 4.3:
Tautomerization Between [eta superscript 2]-Acetylene and Vinylidene on Transition Metal Centers / 4.4:
[eta superscript 2]-Acetylene to Vinylidene / 4.4.1:
Vinylidene to [eta superscript 2]-Acetylene / 4.4.2:
Reversible C-C [sigma]-bond Formation by Dimerization of Metal Vinylidene Complexes / 4.5:
Metal Vinylidene Mediated Reactions / 4.6:
Alkynol Cycloisomerization Promoted by Group 6 Metal Complexes / 4.6.1:
Unusual Intramolecular [2 + 2] Cycloaddition of a Vinyl Group with a Vinylidene C=C Bond / 4.6.2:
Intramolecular Methathesis of a Vinyl Group with a Vinylidene C=C Double Bond / 4.6.3:
[2 + 2] Cycloaddition of Titanocene Vinylidene Complexes with Unsaturated Molecules / 4.6.4:
Heavier Group 14 Analogs of Metal Vinylidene Complexes / 4.7:
Allenylidene Complexes / 4.8:
Summary / 4.9:
Group 6 Metal Vinylidenes in Catalysis (Cr, Mo, W) / Nobuharu Iwasawa5:
Preparation of Fischer-type Carbene Complexes through the Generation of the Vinylidene Complexes / 5.1:
Utilization of Pentacarbonyl Vinylidene Complexes of Group 6 Metals for Synthetic Reactions / 5.3:
Catalytic Addition of Hetero-Nucleophiles / 5.3.1:
Catalytic Addition of Carbo-Nucleophiles / 5.3.2:
Electrocyclization and Related Reactions / 5.3.3:
Utilization of Vinylidene to Alkyne Conversion / 5.4:
Synthetic Reactions Utilizing Other Kinds of Vinylidene Complexes of Group 6 Metals / 5.5:
Conclusion / 5.6:
Ruthenium Vinylidenes in the Catalysis of Carbocyclization / Arjan Odedra ; Rai-Shung Liu6:
Stoichiometric Carbocyclization via Ruthenium Vinylidene / 6.1:
Catalytic Carbocyclization via Electrocyclization of Ruthenium-Vinylidene Intermediates / 6.3:
Cyclization of cis-3-En-1-Ynes / 6.3.1:
Cycloaromatization of 3,5-Dien-1-Ynes / 6.3.2:
Ruthenium-Catalyzed Cyclization of 3-Azadienynes / 6.3.3:
Cycloisomerization of cis-1-Ethynyl-2-Vinyloxiranes / 6.3.4:
Catalytic Cyclization of Enynyl Epoxides / 6.3.5:
Catalytic Carbocyclization via Cycloaddition of Ruthenium Vinylidene Intermediates / 6.4:
Cyclocarbonylation of 1,1'-Bis(silylethynyl)ferrocene / 6.4.1:
Dimerization of 1-Arylethynes to 1-Aryl-Substituted Naphthalenes / 6.4.2:
Ruthenium-Catalyzed Cycloaddition Reaction between Enyne and Alkene / 6.4.3:
Catalyzed Cyclization of Alkynals to Cycloalkenes / 6.5:
Ruthenium-Catalyzed Hydrative Cyclization of 1,5-Enynes / 6.6:
Carbocyclization Initiated by Addition of C-Nucleophile to Ruthenium Vinylidene / 6.7:
Allenylidene Complexes in Catalysis / Yoshiaki Nishibayashi ; Sakae Uemura6.8:
Propargylic Substitution Reactions / 7.1:
Propargylic Substitution Reactions with Heteroatom-Centered Nucleophiles / 7.2.1:
Propargylic Substitution Reactions with Carbon-Centered Nucleophiles / 7.2.2:
Reaction Pathway for Propargylic Substitution Reactions / 7.2.3:
Asymmetric Propargylic Alkylation with Acetone / 7.2.4:
Cycloaddition between Propargylic Alcohols and Cyclic 1,3-Dicarbonyl Compounds / 7.2.5:
Propargylation of Aromatic Compounds with Propargylic Alcohols / 7.3:
Propargylation of Heteroaromatic and Aromatic Compounds with Propargylic Alcohols / 7.3.1:
Cycloaddition between Propargylic Alcohols and Phenol and Naphthol Derivatives / 7.3.2:
Carbon-Carbon Bond Formation via Allenylidene-Ene Reactions / 7.4:
Reductive Coupling Reaction via Hydroboration of Allenylidene Intermediates / 7.5:
Selective Preparation of Conjugated Enynes / 7.6:
Preparation of Dicationic Chalcogenolate-Bridged Diruthenium Complexes and Their Dual Catalytic Activity / 7.7:
Other Catalytic Reactions via Allenylidene Complexes as Key Intermediates / 7.8:
Ruthenium Allenylidenes and Indenylidenes as Catalysts in Alkene Metathesis / Raluca Malacea ; Pierre H. Dixneuf7.9:
Propargyl Derivatives as Alkene Metathesis Initiator Precursors: Allenylidenes, Indenylidenes and Alkenylalkylidenes / 8.1:
Allenylidene-Ruthenium Complexes as Alkene Metathesis Catalyst Precursors: the First Evidence / 8.2.1:
Allenylidene-Ruthenium Complexes in RCM, Enyne Metathesis and ROMP / 8.2.2:
RCM Reactions / 8.2.2.1:
Enyne Metathesis / 8.2.2.2:
ROMP Promoted by Allenylidene Complexes / 8.2.2.3:
Indenylidene-Ruthenium Complexes: the Alkene Metathesis Catalytic Species from Allenylidene Ruthenium Complexes / 8.2.3:
The First Evidence / 8.2.3.1:
The Intramolecular Allenylidene to Indenylidene Rearrangement Demonstration / 8.2.3.2:
Applications of Isolated Indenylidene-Ruthenium Complexes in ROMP / 8.2.3.3:
Indenylidene-Ruthenium(arene) Catalyst in Diene and Enyne RCM / 8.2.3.4:
Propargylic Ethers as Alkene Metathesis Initiator Precursors: Generation of Alkenyl Alkylidene-Ruthenium Catalysts / 8.2.4:
Indenylidene-Ruthenium Catalysts in Alkene Metathesis / 8.3:
Preparation of Indenylidene-Ruthenium Catalysts / 8.3.1:
Ruthenium Indenylidene Complexes in Alkene Metathesis / 8.3.2:
Polymerization with Ruthenium Indenylidene Complexes / 8.3.3:
Other Catalytic Reactions Promoted by Indenylidenes / 8.3.4:
Rhodium and Group 9-11 Metal Vinylidenes in Catalysis / Sean H. Wiedemann ; Chulbom Lee8.4:
Rhodium and Iridium Vinylidenes in Catalysis / 9.1:
Carbocyclization/Pericyclic Reactions / 9.2.1:
Anti-Markovnikov Hydrofunctionalization / 9.2.3:
Multi-Component Coupling / 9.2.4:
Rhodium Alkenylidenes in Catalysis / 9.3:
Group 10 and 11 Metal Vinylidenes in Catalysis / 9.4:
Nickel Vinylidenes in Catalysis / 9.4.1:
Palladium Vinylidenes in Catalysis / 9.4.3:
Platinum Vinylidenes in Catalysis / 9.4.4:
Copper Vinylidenes in Catalysis / 9.4.5:
Gold Vinylidenes in Catalysis / 9.4.6:
Note Added in Proof / 9.5:
Anti-Markovnikov Additions of O-, N-, P-Nucleophiles to Triple Bonds with Ruthenium Catalysts / Christian Bruneau10:
C-O Bond Formation / 10.1:
Addition of Carbamic Acids: Synthesis of Vinylic Carbamates and Ureas / 10.2.1:
Addition of Carboxylic Acids: Synthesis of Enol Esters / 10.2.2:
Addition of Water: Synthesis of Aldehydes / 10.2.3:
Addition of Alcohols: Synthesis of Ethers and Ketones / 10.2.4:
Intermolecular Addition: Formation of Unsaturated Ethers and Furans / 10.2.4.1:
Intermolecular Addition with Rearrangement: Formation of Unsaturated Ketones / 10.2.4.2:
Intramolecular Addition: Formation of Cyclic Enol Ethers and Lactones from Pent-4-yn-1-ols and But-3-yn-1-ols / 10.2.4.3:
Formation of C-N Bonds via Anti-Markovnikov Addition to Terminal Alkynes / 10.3:
Addition of Amides to Terminal Alkynes / 10.3.1:
Formation of Nitriles via Addition of Hydrazines to Terminal Alkynes / 10.3.2:
Hydrophosphination: Synthesis of Vinylic Phosphine / 10.4:
C-C Bond Formation: Dimerization of Terminal Alkynes / 10.5:
Index / 10.6:
Preface
List of Contributors
Preparation and Stoichiometric Reactivity of Mononuclear Metal Vinylidene Complexes / Michael I. Bruce1:
5.

電子ブック

EB
edited by Jaap J. Boonstra
出版情報: [Hoboken, N.J.] : Wiley Online Library, 2008  1 online resource (xx, 492 p.)
シリーズ名: Wiley handbooks in the psychology of management in organizations ;
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About the Editor
About the Contributors
Series Preface
Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction / Jaap Boonstra
Fundamentals And Practices In Organization Development / Part I:
Organization Development and Change: Foundations and Applications / Thomas Cummings1:
Open Systems Theory: Implications for Development and Learning / Merrelyn Emery2:
Organizing Change Processes: Cornerstones, Methods, and Strategies / Morten Levin3:
Art and Wisdom in Choosing Change Strategies: A Critical Reflection / Marc Buelens ; Geert Devos4:
Designing And Organizing Organizational Change / Part II:
Change Architecture: Designing and Organizing the Process of Change / Colin Carnall5:
Managing Change Successfully: Core Questions, Issues, and Strategies / Klaus Doppler6:
Organizational Change: Strategies and Interventions / Elise Walton ; Michael Russell7:
Dilemmas and Paradoxes in Organizing Change Processes: A Critical Reflection / Luc Hoebeke8:
Organizing, Changi Ng, And Learning In Ambiguous Contexts / Part III:
Organizational Change and Development: Episodic and Continuous Changing / Karl Weick ; Robert Quinn9:
Thinking about Change in Different Colours: Multiplicity in Change Processes / Léeon de Caluwé ; Hans Vermaak10:
Beyond Implementation: Co-creation in Change and Development / André Wierdsma11:
ChangeWorks: A Critical Construction / Dian Marie Hosking12:
Power Dynamics And Organizational Change / Part IV:
Power Dynamics in Organizational Change: A Multi-perspective Approach / Patricia Bradshaw13:
Interactions inOrganizational Change: Using InfluenceTactics to Initiate Change / Gary Yukl14:
Power and Collaboration: Methodologies for Working Together in Change / Kilian Bennebroek Gravenhorst ; Roeland in æt Veld15:
Power and Change: A Critical Reflection / Cynthia Hardy ; Stewart Clegg16:
Learning And Developing For Sustainable Change / Part V:
Learning in Organizations: Schools of Thought and Current Challenges / Alfons Sauquet17:
Double-loop Learning and Organizational Change: Facilitating Transformational Change / Chris Argyris18:
Learning and Sustainable Change: Designing Learning Spaces / Gerhard Smid ; Ronald Beckett19:
Knowledge, Learning, and Organizational Embeddedness: A Critical Reflection / Alice Lam20:
Conclusion: Some Reflections and Perspectives on Organizing, Changing, and Learning
Index
Fundamentals and Practices in Organization Development
Designing and Organizing Organizational Change
Organizing, Changi NG, and Learning in Ambiguous Contexts
Power Dynamics and Organizational Change / Léeon de Caluwé ; André Wierdsma
Learning and Developing for Sustainable Change / Roeland in 't Veld
About the Editor
About the Contributors
Series Preface
6.

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EB
Jian-Ming Jin, Douglas J. Riley
出版情報: [Hoboken, N.J.] : Wiley Online Library, 2008  1 online resource (xiii, 435 p., [16] p. of color plates)
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Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction / Chapter 1:
Numerical Simulation of Antennas / 1.1:
Finite Element Analysis vs. Other Numerical Methods / 1.2:
Frequency- vs. Time-Domain Simulations / 1.3:
Brief Review of Past Work / 1.4:
Overview of This Book / 1.5:
References
Finite Element Formulation / Chapter 2:
Finite Element Formulation in the Frequency Domain / 2.1:
Finite Element Formulation in the Time Domain / 2.2:
Modeling of Complex Materials / 2.3:
Modeling of Electrically and Magnetically Lossy Materials / 2.3.1:
Modeling of Electrically Dispersive Materials / 2.3.2:
Modeling of Magnetically Dispersive Materials / 2.3.3:
Modeling of Doubly Dispersive Lossy Materials / 2.3.4:
Solution of the Finite Element Equations / 2.4:
Higher-Order and Curvilinear Finite Elements / 2.5:
Summary / 2.6:
Finite Element Mesh Truncation / Chapter 3:
Absorbing Boundary Conditions / 3.1:
First-Order Absorbing Boundary Condition / 3.1.1:
Second-Order Absorbing Boundary Condition / 3.1.2:
Perfectly Matched Layers / 3.2:
PML in Terms of Stretched Coordinates / 3.2.1:
PML as an Anisotropic Material Absorber / 3.2.2:
PML for Truncating Computational Domain / 3.2.3:
Finite Element Implementation of PML / 3.2.4:
ABC-Backed, Complementary, CFS, and Second-Order PMLs / 3.2.5:
Boundary Integral Equations / 3.3:
Frequency-Domain Formulations / 3.3.1:
Time-Domain Formulations / 3.3.2:
Treatment of Infinite Ground Plane / 3.3.3:
Hybrid FETD-FDTD Technique / 3.4:
The FDTD Method / 4.1:
PML Implementation in FDTD / 4.2:
FDTD Stretched-Coordinate PML / 4.2.1:
FDTD Anisotropic PML / 4.2.2:
Near-to-Far-Field Transformation in FDTD / 4.3:
Alternative FETD Formulation / 4.4:
Equivalence between FETD and FDTD / 4.5:
Stable FETD-FDTD Interface / 4.6:
Initial Approaches / 4.6.1:
Stable Formulation / 4.6.2:
Building Hybrid Meshes / 4.7:
Wave-Equation Stablization / 4.8:
Validation Examples / 4.9:
Antenna Source Modeling and Parameter Calculation / 4.10:
Antenna Feed Modeling / 5.1:
Current Probe / 5.1.1:
Voltage Gap Generator / 5.1.2:
Waveguide Feed Model / 5.1.3:
Plane-Wave Excitation / 5.2:
Total-Field Formulation / 5.2.1:
Scattered-Field Formulation / 5.2.2:
Total- and Scattered-Field Decomposition Approach / 5.2.3:
Far-Field Pattern Computation / 5.3:
Near-Field Visualization / 5.4:
Modeling of Complex Structures / 5.5:
Thin Material Layers and Sheets / 6.1:
Impedance Boundary Conditions / 6.1.1:
Shell Element Formulation / 6.1.2:
Thin Wires and Slots / 6.2:
Thin Wires / 6.2.1:
Thin Slots / 6.2.2:
Lumped Circuit Elements / 6.3:
Coupled First-Order Equations / 6.3.1:
Wave Equation / 6.3.2:
Example / 6.3.3:
Distributed Feed Network / 6.4:
System-Level Coupling Example / 6.5:
Internal Dispersive Material Calibration / 6.5.1:
External Illumination and Aperture Coupling / 6.5.2:
Antenna Simulation Examples / 6.6:
Narrowband Antennas / 7.1:
Coaxial-fed Monopole Antenna / 7.1.1:
Monopole Antennas on a Plate / 7.1.2:
Patch Antennas on a Plate / 7.1.3:
Conformal Patch Antenna Array / 7.1.4:
Broadband Antennas / 7.2:
Ridged Horn Antenna / 7.2.1:
Sinuous Antenna / 7.2.2:
Logarithmic Spiral Antenna / 7.2.3:
Inverted Conical Spiral Antenna / 7.2.4:
Antipodal Vivaldi Antenna / 7.2.5:
Vlasov Antenna / 7.2.6:
Antenna RCS Simulations / 7.3:
Microstrip Patch Antenna / 7.3.1:
Standard Gain Horn Antenna / 7.3.2:
Axisymmetric Ant / 7.4:
Finite Element Analysis Versus Other Numerical Methods / 1:
Frequency-Versus Time-Domain Simulations
Overview of the Book
PML for Truncating the Computational Domain / 2:
Treatment of the Infinite Ground Plane
FDTD Method / 4:
FDTD Anisotropic-Medium PML
Equivalence Between FETD and FDTD
Wave-Equation Stabilization
Total-and Scattered-Field Decomposition Approach / 5:
Thin-Material Layers and Sheets / 6:
Lumped-Circuit Elements
Coaxial-Fed Monopole Antenna / 7:
Axisymmetric Antenna Modeling / 8:
Method of Analysis / 8.1:
Mesh Truncation Using Perfectly Matched Layers / 8.1.1:
Mesh Truncation Using Boundary Integral Equations / 8.1.3:
Far-Field Computation / 8.1.4:
Application Examples / 8.2:
Luneburg Lens / 8.2.1:
Corrugated Horn / 8.2.2:
Current Loop Inside a Radome / 8.2.3:
Infinite Phased-Array Modeling / 8.3:
Frequency-Domain Modeling / 9.1:
Periodic Boundary Conditions / 9.1.1:
Mesh Truncation Techniques / 9.1.2:
Extension to Skew Arrays / 9.1.3:
Extension to Scattering Analysis / 9.1.4:
Time-Domain Modeling / 9.1.5:
Transformed Field Variable / 9.2.1:
General Material Modeling / 9.2.2:
Approximation to Finite Arrays / 9.2.4:
Finite Phased-Array Modeling / 9.4:
FETI-DPEM1 Formulation / 10.1:
FETI-DPEM2 Formulation / 10.1.2:
Nonconforming Domain Decomposition / 10.1.3:
Dual-Field Domain-Decomposition Method / 10.1.4:
Domain Decomposition for Iterative Solutions / 10.2.2:
Antenna-Platform Interaction Modeling / 10.2.3:
Coupled Analysis / 11.1:
FETI-DPEM with Domain Decomposition / 11.1.1:
Hybrid FETD-FDTD with Domain Decomposition / 11.1.2:
Hybrid FE-BI Method with FMM Acceleration / 11.1.3:
Decoupled Analysis / 11.2:
Near-Field Calculation / 11.2.1:
Far-Field Evaluation by Numerical Methods / 11.2.2:
Far-Field Evaluation by Asymptotic Techniques / 11.2.3:
Direct and Interative Improvements / 11.2.4:
Numerical and Practical Considerations / 11.3:
Choice of Simulation Technologies / 12.1:
Frequency-Versus Time-Domain Simulation Tools / 12.2:
Fast Frequency Sweep / 12.3:
Numerical Convergence / 12.4:
Domain Decomposition and Parallel Computing / 12.5:
Verification and Validation of Predictions / 12.6:
Index / 12.7:
Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction / Chapter 1:
7.

電子ブック

EB
Randall M. Feenstra, Colin E.C. Wood
出版情報: Chichester, England ; Hoboken, NJ : John Wiley & Sons, 〓2008  1 online resource (xiv, 318 pages, 6 unnumbered pages of plates)
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Preface
Porous SiC Preparation, Characterization and Morphology / 1:
Introduction / 1.1:
Triangular Porous Morphology in n-type 4H-SiC / 1.2:
Nano-columnar Pore Formation in 6H SiC / 1.3:
Summary / 1.4:
Acknowledgements
References
Processing Porous SiC: Diffusion, Oxidation, Contact Formation. / 2:
Formation of Porous Layer / 2.1:
Diffusion in Porous SiC / 2.3:
Oxidation / 2.4:
Contacts to Porous SiC / 2.5:
Growth of SiC on Porous SiC Buffer Layers. / 3:
SiC CVD Growth / 3.1:
Growth of 3C-SiC on porous Si via Cold-Wall Epitaxy / 3.3:
Growth of 3C-SiC on Porous 3C-SiC / 3.4:
Growth of 4H-SiC on Porous 4H-SiC / 3.5:
Preparation and Properties of Porous GaN Fabricated by Metal-Assisted Electroless Etching. / 3.6 Conclusion:
Creation of Porous GaN by Electroless Etching / 4.1:
Morphology Characterization / 4.3:
Luminescence of Porous GaN / 4.4:
Raman Spectroscopy of Porous GaN / 4.5:
Summary and Conclusions / 4.6:
Growth of GaN on Porous SiC by Molecular Beam Epitaxy. / 5:
Morphology and Preparation of Porous SiC Substrates / 5.1:
MBE Growth of GaN on Porous SiC Substrates / 5.3:
GaN Lateral Epitaxy Growth Using Porous SiNx, TiNx and SiC. / 5.4:
Epitaxy of GaN on Porous SiNx Network / 6.1:
Epitaxial Lateral Overgrowth of GaN on Porous TiN / 6.3:
Growth of GaN on Porous SiC / 6.4:
HVPE Growth of GaN on Porous SiC Substrates. / 7:
PSC SubstrateFabrication and Properties / 7.1:
Epitaxial Growth of GaN Films on PSC / 7.3:
Dislocation Mechanisms in GaN Films Grown on Porous Substrates or Interlayers. / 8:
Extended Defects In Epitaxially Grown GaN Thin Layers / 8.1:
Dislocation Mechanisms in Conventional Lateral Epitaxy Overgrowth of GaN / 8.3:
Growth of GaN on Porous SiC Substrates / 8.4:
Growth of GaN on Porous SiN and TiN Interlayers / 8.5:
Electrical Properties of Porous SiC. / 8.6:
Resistivity and Hall Effect / 9.1:
Deep Level Transient Spectroscopy / 9.3:
Sample Considerations / 9.4:
Potential Energy Near a Pore / 9.5:
DLTS Data and Analysis / 9.6:
Magnetism of Doped GaN Nanostructures. / 10:
Mn-Doped GaN Crystal / 10.1:
Mn-Doped GaN Thin Films / 10.3:
Mn- and Cr-Doped GaN One-Dimensional Structures / 10.4:
N-Doped Mn and CrClusters / 10.5:
SiC Catalysis Technology. / 10.6:
Silicon Carbide Support / 11.1:
Heat Effects During Reaction / 11.3:
Reactions on SiC as Catalytic Supports / 11.4:
Examples of SiC Catalyst Applications / 11.5:
Prospects and Conclusions / 11.6:
Nanoporous SiC as a Semi-Permeable Biomembrane for Medical Use: Practical and Theoretical Considerations. / 12:
The Rationale for Implantable Semi-Permeable Materials / 12.1:
The Biology of Soluble Signaling Proteins in Tissue / 12.2:
Measuring Cytokine Secretion In Living Tissues and Organs / 12.3:
Creating a Biocompatible Tissue û Device Interface: Advantages of SiC / 12.4:
The Testing of SiC Membranes for Permeability of Proteins / 12.5:
Improving the Structure of SiC Membranes for Biosensor Interfaces / 12.6:
Theoretical Considerations: Modeling Diffusion through a Porous Membrane / 12.7:
Future Development: Marriage of Membrane and Microchip / 12.8:
Conclusions <9> / 12.9:
Conclusion / 3.6:
Crystal Anodization / 10.6 Summary:
Description of the Porous Structure / 1.2.2:
Model of the Morphology / 1.2.3:
Nano-columnar Pore Formation in 6H-SiC
Experimental / 1.3.1:
Results / 1.3.2:
Discussion / 1.3.3:
Processing Porous SiC: Diffusion, Oxidation, Contact Formation
Growth of SiC on Porous SiC Buffer Layers
Growth of 3C-SiC on Porous Si via Cold-Wall Epitaxy
Growth on Porous Si Substrates / 3.3.1:
Growth on Stabilized Porous Si Substrates / 3.3.2:
Growth in LPCVD Cold-wall Reactor / 3.4.1:
Preparation and Properties of Porous GaN Fabricated by Metal-Assisted Electroless Etching
Porous GaN Derived from Unintentionally Doped Films / 4.3.1:
Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) Characterization / 4.3.2:
Cathodoluminescence (CL) of Porous GaN / 4.4.1:
Photoluminescence (PL) of Porous GaN / 4.4.2:
Characteristics of Raman scattering in GaN / 4.5.1:
Raman Spectra of Porous GaN Excited Below Band Gap / 4.5.2:
Growth of GaN on Porous SiC by Molecular Beam Epitaxy
Porous Substrates / 5.2.1:
Hydrogen Etching / 5.2.2:
Experimental Details / 5.3.1:
Film Structure / 5.3.2:
Film Strain / 5.3.3:
GaN Lateral Epitaxy Growth Using Porous SiN[subscript x], TiN[subscript x] and SiC
Epitaxy of GaN on Porous SiN[subscript x] Network
Three-step Growth Method / 6.2.1:
Structural and Optical Characterization / 6.2.2:
Schottky Diodes (SDs) on Undoped GaN Templates / 6.2.3:
Deep Level Transition Spectrum / 6.2.4:
Formation of Porous TiN / 6.3.1:
Growth of GaN on Porous TiN / 6.3.2:
Characterization by XRD / 6.3.3:
Characterization by TEM / 6.3.4:
Characterization by PL / 6.3.5:
Fabrication of Porous SiC / 6.4.1:
GaN Growth on Hydrogen Polished Porous SiC / 6.4.2:
GaN Growth on Chemical Mechanical Polished Porous SiC / 6.4.3:
HVPE Growth of GaN on Porous SiC Substrates
PSC Substrate Fabrication and Properties
Formation of Various Types of SPSC Structure / 7.2.1:
Dense Layer / 7.2.2:
Monitoring of Anodization Process / 7.2.3:
Vacancy Model of Primary Pore Formation / 7.2.4:
Stability of SPSC Under Post-Anodization Treatment / 7.2.5:
Epitaxial Growth of GaN Films on PSC Substrates
The Growth and Its Effect on the Structure of the PSC Substrate / 7.3.1:
Properties of the GaN Films Grown / 7.3.2:
Dislocation Mechanisms in GaN Films Grown on Porous Substrates or Interlayers / 7.4:
Extended Defects in Epitaxially Grown GaN Thin Layers
GaN Growth on a TiN Interlayer / 8.5.1:
GaN Growth on a SiN Interlayer / 8.5.2:
Electrical Properties of Porous SiC
Fundamentals of DLTS / 9.3.1:
Method of Solving the General Equation / 9.3.2:
Magnetism of Doped GaN Nanostructures
Mn-Doped GaN (1120) Surface / 10.3.1:
Mn-Doped GaN (1010) Surface / 10.3.2:
Mn and C Codoped in GaN (1010) Surface / 10.3.3:
Mn-Doped GaN Nanowires / 10.4.1:
Cr-Doped GaN Nanotubes / 10.4.2:
Cr-Doped GaN Nanohole Arrays / 10.4.3:
N-Doped Mn and Cr Clusters
Giant Magnetic Moments of Mn[subscript x]N Clusters / 10.5.1:
N-induced Magnetic Transition in Small Cr[subscript x]N Clusters / 10.5.2:
SiC Catalysis Technology
Pt/[beta]-SiC Catalyst for Catalytic Combustion of Carbon Particles in Diesel Engines / 11.5.1:
Complete Oxidation of Methane / 11.5.2:
SiC-Supported MoO[subscript 3]-Carbon-Modified Catalyst for the n-Heptane Isomerization / 11.5.3:
Selective Oxidation of H[subscript 2]S Over SiC-Supported Iron Catalysts into Elemental Sulfur / 11.5.4:
Partial Oxidation of n-Butane to Maleic Anhydride Using SiC-Mixed and Pd-Modified Vanadyl Pyrophosphate (VPO) Catalysts (Case study) / 11.5.5:
Nanoporous SiC as a Semi-Permeable Biomembrane for Medical Use: Practical and Theoretical Considerations
Creating a Biocompatible Tissue - Device Interface: Advantages of SiC
Effective Medium Models for a Porous Membrane / 12.7.1:
Comparison with Experiment / 12.7.2:
Conclusions
Index
Preface
Porous SiC Preparation, Characterization and Morphology / 1:
Introduction / 1.1:
8.

電子ブック

EB
Edwin K.P. Chong, Stanislaw H. Żak
出版情報: Hoboken, N.J. : Wiley-Interscience, 〓2008  xv, 584 pages ; 25 cm.
シリーズ名: Wiley-Interscience series in discrete mathematics and optimization ;
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Preface
Mathematical Review / Part I:
Methods of Proof and Some Notation / 1:
Methods of Proof / 1.1:
Notation / 1.2:
Exercises
Vector Spaces and Matrices / 2:
Vector and Matrix / 2.1:
Rank of a Matrix / 2.2:
Linear Equations / 2.3:
Inner Products and Norms / 2.4:
Transformations / 3:
Linear Transformations / 3.1:
Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors / 3.2:
Orthogonal Projections / 3.3:
Quadratic Forms / 3.4:
Matrix Norms / 3.5:
Concepts from Geometry / 4:
Line Segments / 4.1:
Hyperplanes and Linear Varieties / 4.2:
Convex Sets / 4.3:
Neighborhoods / 4.4:
Polytopes and Polyhedra / 4.5:
Elements of Calculus / 5:
Sequences and Limits / 5.1:
Differentiability / 5.2:
The Derivative Matrix / 5.3:
Differentiation Rules / 5.4:
Level Sets and Gradients / 5.5:
Taylor Series / 5.6:
Unconstrained Optimization / Part II:
Basics of Set-Constrained and Unconstrained Optimization / 6:
Introduction / 6.1:
Conditions for Local Minimizers / 6.2:
One-Dimensional Search Methods / 7:
Golden Section Search / 7.1:
Fibonacci Search / 7.2:
Newton's Method / 7.3:
Secant Method / 7.4:
Remarks on Line Search Methods / 7.5:
Gradient Methods / 8:
The Method of Steepest Descent / 8.1:
Analysis of Gradient Methods / 8.3:
Analysis of Newton's Method / 9:
Levenberg-Marquardt Modification / 9.3:
Newton's Method for Nonlinear Least Squares / 9.4:
Conjugate Direction Methods / 10:
The Conjugate Direction Algorithm / 10.1:
The Conjugate Gradient Algorithm / 10.3:
The Conjugate Gradient Algorithm for Nonquadratic / 10.4:
Problems
Quasi-Newton Methods / 11:
Approximating the Inverse Hessian / 11.1:
The Rank One Correction Formula / 11.3:
The DFP Algorithm / 11.4:
The BFGS Algorithm / 11.5:
Solving Linear Equations / 12:
Least-Squares Analysis / 12.1:
The Recursive Least-Squares Algorithm / 12.2:
Solution to a Linear Equation with Minimum Norm / 12.3:
Kaczmarz's Algorithm / 12.4:
Solving Linear Equations in General / 12.5:
Unconstrained Optimization and Neural Networks / 13:
Single-Neuron Training / 13.1:
The Backpropagation Algorithm / 13.3:
Global Search Algorithms / 14:
The Nelder-Mead Simplex Algorithm / 14.1:
Simulated Annealing / 14.3:
Particle Swarm Optimization / 14.4:
Genetic Algorithms / 14.5:
Linear Programming / Part III:
Introduction to Linear Programming / 15:
Brief History of Linear Programming / 15.1:
Simple Examples of Linear Programs / 15.2:
Two-Dimensional Linear Programs / 15.3:
Convex Polyhedra and Linear Programming / 15.4:
Standard Form Linear Programs / 15.5:
Basic Solutions / 15.6:
Properties of Basic Solutions / 15.7:
Geometric View of Linear Programs / 15.8:
Simplex Method / 16:
Solving Linear Equations Using Row Operations / 16.1:
The Canonical Augmented Matrix / 16.2:
Updating the Augmented Matrix / 16.3:
The Simplex Algorithm / 16.4:
Matrix Form of the Simplex Method / 16.5:
Two-Phase Simplex Method / 16.6:
Revised Simplex Method / 16.7:
Duality / 17:
Dual Linear Programs / 17.1:
Properties of Dual Problems / 17.2:
Nonsimplex Methods / 18:
Khachiyan's Method / 18.1:
Affine Scaling Method / 18.3:
Karmarkar's Method / 18.4:
Nonlinear Constrained Optimization / Part IV:
Problems with Equality Constraints / 19:
Problem Formulation / 19.1:
Tangent and Normal Spaces / 19.3:
Lagrange Condition / 19.4:
Second-Order Conditions / 19.5:
Minimizing Quadratics Subject to Linear Constraints / 19.6:
Problems with Inequality Constraints / 20:
Karush-Kuhn-Tucker Condition / 20.1:
Convex Optimization Problems / 20.2:
Convex Functions / 21.1:
Semidefinite Programming / 21.3:
Algorithms for Constrained Optimization / 22:
Projections / 22.1:
Projected Gradient Methods with Linear Constraints / 22.3:
Lagrangian Algorithms / 22.4:
Penalty Methods / 22.5:
Multiobjective Optimization / 23:
Pareto Solutions / 23.1:
Computing the Pareto Front / 23.3:
From Multiobjective to Single-Objective Optimization / 23.4:
Uncertain Linear Programming Problems / 23.5:
References
Index
Preface
Mathematical Review / Part I:
Methods of Proof and Some Notation / 1:
9.

電子ブック

EB
edited by Tanya Paskova
出版情報: Weinheim : [Chichester] : Wiley-VCH ; [John Wiley, distributor], 〓2008  1 online resource (xxxix, 418 pages)
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10.

電子ブック

EB
Jeffrey Archer
出版情報: New York : St. Martin's Paperbacks, 2008  618 p.
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