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1.

図書

図書
edited by Didier Chatenay ... [et al.]
出版情報: Amsterdam ; Tokyo : Elsevier, 2005  xxiv, 354 p. ; 24 cm
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2.

図書

図書
edited by Daniel Estève, Jean-Michel Raimond and Jean Dalibard
出版情報: Amsterdam ; Tokyo : Elsevier, 2004  xxx, 608 p. ; 24 cm
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Principles of quantum computation / I. ChuangCourse 1:
Mesoscopic state superpositions and decoherence in quantum optics / S. HarocheCourse 2:
Cavity quantum electrodynamics / M. BruneCourse 3:
Quantum optical implementation of quantum information processing / P. Zoller et alCourse 4:
Quantum information processing in ion traps I / R. Blatt et alCourse 5:
Quantum information processing in ion traps II / D.J. WinelandCourse 6:
Quantum cryptography with and without entanglement / N. Gisin, N. BrunnerCourse 7:
Quantum cryptography: from one to many photons / P. GrangierCourse 8:
Entangled photons and quantum communication / M. Aspelmeyer et alCourse 9:
Nuclear magnetic resonance quantum computation / J.A. JonesCourse 10:
Introduction to quantum conductors / D.C. GlattliCourse 11:
Superconducting qubits / M.H. Devoret ; J.M. MartinisCourse 12:
Superconducting qubits and the physics of Josephson junctions / Course 13:
Josephson quantum bits based on a Cooper pair box / D. VionCourse 14:
Quantum tunnelling of magnetization in molecular nanomagnets / W. WernsdorferCourse 15:
Prospects for strong cavity quantum electrodynamics with superconducting cirquits / S.M. Girvin et alCourse 16:
Principles of quantum computation / I. ChuangCourse 1:
Mesoscopic state superpositions and decoherence in quantum optics / S. HarocheCourse 2:
Cavity quantum electrodynamics / M. BruneCourse 3:
3.

図書

図書
edited by C.C. Chow ... [et al.]
出版情報: Amsterdam ; Tokyo : Elsevier, 2005  xxxii, 829 p. ; 24 cm
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4.

図書

図書
edited by C. Miniatura ... [et al.]
出版情報: Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2011  xxxi, 630 p. ; 26 cm
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5.

図書

図書
edited by Laurent Lellouch ... [et al.]
出版情報: Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2011  xxv, 729 p. ; 26 cm
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6.

図書

図書
edited by Jesper Jacobsen ... [et al.]
出版情報: New York : Oxford University Press, 2010  xxvi, 624 p. ; 26 cm
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Lectures
Quantum impurity problems in condensed matter physics / I. Affleck1:
Conformal field theory and statistical mechanics / J. Cardy2:
Quantum Hall effect / D. Haldane3:
Topological quantum phases and quantum computation / A. Kitaev4:
Four lectures on computational statistical physics / W. Krauth5:
Loop models / B. Nienhuis6:
Lectures on the integrability of the 6-vertex model / N. Reshetikhin7:
Mathematical aspects of 2D phase transitions / W. Werner8:
Numerical simulations of quantum statistical mechanics models / F. Alet9:
Rapidly rotating atomic Bose gases / N. Cooper10:
The dimer model / J. Frohlich ; R. Kenyon11:
Boundary loop models and 2D quantum gravity / I. Kostov13:
Real-space condensation in stochastic mass transport models / S. Majumdar14:
Quantum spin liquids / G. Misguich15:
Super spin chains and super sigma models: a short introduction / H. Saleur16:
Integrability and combinatorics: selected topics / P. Zinn-Justin17:
Seminars
A rigorous perspective on Liouville quantum gravity and KPZ / B. Duplantier18:
Topologically protected qubits based on Josepshon junction arrays / M. Feigelman19:
On some quantum Hall states with negative flux / T. Jolicoeur20:
Supersolidity and what soluble models can tell us about it / D. Thouless21:
Lectures
Quantum impurity problems in condensed matter physics / I. Affleck1:
Conformal field theory and statistical mechanics / J. Cardy2:
7.

図書

図書
édité par A. Connes, K. Gawedzki, et J. Zinn-Justin
出版情報: Amsterdam ; Tokyo : Elsevier Science, c1998  xxxvii, 990 p. ; 23 cm
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Lecturers
Seminar Speakers
Participants
Preface (French)
Preface (English)
Mathematics / Part I.:
Fields, Strings and Duality / R. DijkgraafCourse 1.:
Introduction / 1.:
What is a quantum field theory? / 2.:
Axioms vs. path-integrals / 2.1.:
Duality / 2.2.:
Quantum mechanics / 3.:
Supersymmetric quantum mechanics / 3.1.:
Quantum mechanics and perturbative field theory / 3.2.:
Two-dimensional topological field theory / 4.:
Axioms of topological field theory / 4.1.:
Topological field theory in two dimensions / 4.2.:
Example - quantum cohomology / 4.3.:
Riemann surfaces and moduli / 5.:
The moduli space of curves / 5.1.:
Example - genus one / 5.2.:
Surfaces with punctures / 5.3.:
The stable compactification / 5.4.:
Conformal field theory / 6.:
Algebraic approach / 6.1.:
Functorial approach / 6.2.:
Free bosons / 6.3.:
Free fermions / 6.4.:
Sigma models and T-duality / 7.:
Two-dimensional sigma models / 7.1.:
Toroidal models / 7.2.:
Intermezzo - lattices / 7.3.:
Spectrum and moduli of toroidal models / 7.4.:
The two-torus / 7.5.:
Path-integral computation of the partition function / 7.6.:
Supersymmetric sigma models and Calabi-Yau spaces / 7.7.:
Calabi-Yau moduli space and special geometry / 7.8.:
Perturbative string theory / 8.:
Axioms for string vacua / 8.1.:
Intermezzo - twisting and supersymmetry / 8.2.:
Example - The critical bosonic string / 8.3.:
Example - Twisted N = 2 SCFT / 8.4.:
Example - twisted minimal model / 8.5.:
Example - topological string / 8.6.:
Functorial definition / 8.7.:
Tree-level amplitudes / 8.8.:
Families of string vacua / 8.9.:
The Gauss-Manin connection / 8.10.:
Anti-holomorphic dependence and special geometry / 8.11.:
Local special geometry / 8.12.:
Gauge theories and S-duality / 9.:
Introduction to four-dimensional geometry / 9.1.:
The Lorentz group / 9.2.:
Duality in Maxwell theory / 9.3.:
The partition function / 9.4.:
Higher rank groups / 9.5.:
Dehn twists and monodromy / 9.6.:
Moduli spaces / 10.:
Supersymmetric or BPS configurations / 10.1.:
Localization in topological field theories / 10.2.:
Quantization / 10.3.:
Families of QFTs / 10.4.:
Moduli spaces of vacua / 10.5.:
Supersymmetric gauge theories / 11.:
Twisting and Donaldson theory / 11.1.:
Observables / 11.3.:
Abelian models / 11.4.:
Rigid special geometry / 11.5.:
Families of abelian varieties / 11.6.:
BPS states / 11.7.:
Non-abelian N = 2 gauge theory / 11.8.:
The Seiberg-Witten solution / 11.9.:
Physical interpretation of the singularities / 11.10.:
Implications for four-manifold invariants / 11.11.:
String vacua / 12.:
Perturbative string theories / 12.1.:
IIA or IIB / 12.2.:
D-branes / 12.3.:
Compactification / 12.4.:
Singularities revisited / 12.5.:
String moduli spaces / 12.6.:
Example - Type II on T[superscript 6] / 12.7.:
BPS states and D-branes / 13.:
Perturbative string states / 13.1.:
Perturbative BPS states / 13.2.:
D-brane states / 13.3.:
Example - Type IIA on K3 = Heterotic on T[superscript 4] / 13.4.:
Example - Type II on T[superscript 4] / 13.5.:
Example - Type II on K3 [times] S[superscript 1] = Heterotic on T[superscript 5] / 13.6.:
Example - Type IIA on X = Type IIB on Y / 13.7.:
References
How the Algebraic Bethe Ansatz Works for Integrable Models / L.D. FaddeevCourse 2.:
General outline of the course
XXX[subscript 1/2] model. Description
XXX[subscript 1/2] model. Bethe Ansatz equations
XXX[subscript 1/2] model. Physical spectrum in the ferromagnetic thermodynamic limit
XXX[subscript 1/2] model. BAE for an arbitrary configuration
XXX[subscript 1/2] model. Physical spectrum in the antiferromagnetic case
XXX[subscript s] model
XXX[subscript s] spin chain. Applications to the physical systems
XXZ model
Inhomogeneous chains and discrete time shift
Examples of dynamical models in discrete space-time
Conclusions and perspectives
Comments on the literature on BAE / 14.:
Supersymmetric Quantum Theory, Non-Commutative Geometry, and Gravitation / J. Frohlich ; O. Grandjean ; A. RecknagelCourse 3.:
The classical theory of gravitation
(Non-relativistic) quantum theory
Reconciling quantum theory with general relativity: quantum space-time-matter
Classical differential topology and -geometry and supersymmetric quantum theory
Pauli's electron
The special case where M is a Lie group
Supersymmetric quantum theory and geometry put into perspective
Supersymmetry and non-commutative geometry
Spin[superscript c] non-commutative geometry
The spectral data of spin[superscript c] NCG / 5.1.1.:
Differential forms / 5.1.2.:
Integration / 5.1.3.:
Vector bundles and Hermitian structures / 5.1.4.:
Generalized Hermitian structure on [Omega superscript k](A) / 5.1.5.:
Connections / 5.1.6.:
Riemannian curvature and torsion / 5.1.7.:
Generalized Kahler non-commutative geometry and higher supersymmetry / 5.1.8.:
Aspects of the algebraic topology of N = n supersymmetric spectral data / 5.1.9.:
Non-commutative Riemannian geometry
N = (1, 1) supersymmetry and Riemannian geometry / 5.2.1.:
Unitary connections and scalar curvature / 5.2.2.:
Remarks on the relation between N = 1 and N = (1, 1) spectral data / 5.2.5.:
Riemannian and spin[superscript c] "manifolds" in non-commutative geometry / 5.2.6.:
Algebraic topology of N = [characters not reproducible] spectral data / 5.2.7.:
Central extensions of supersymmetry, and equivariance / 5.2.8.:
N = (n, n) supersymmetry, and supersymmetry breaking / 5.2.9.:
Reparametrization invariance, BRST cohomology, and target space supersymmetry
The non-commutative torus
Spin geometry (N = 1) / 6.1:
Integration and Hermitian structure over [Omega superscript 1 subscript D](A[alpha]) / 6.1.1.:
Connections on [Omega superscript 1 subscript D](A[alpha]) / 6.1.3.:
Riemannian geometry (N = [characters not reproducible]
Kahler geometry (N = [characters not reproducible]
Applications of non-commutative geometry to quantum theories of gravitation
From point-particles to strings
A Schwinger-Dyson equation for string Green functions from reparametrization invariance and world-sheet supersymmetry
Some remarks on M(atrix) models
Two-dimensional conformal field theories
Recap of two-dimensional, local quantum field theory / 7.4.1.:
A dictionary between conformal field theory and Lie group theory / 7.4.2.:
Reconstruction of (non-commutative) target spaces from conformal field theory
Superconformal field theories, and the topology of target spaces
The N = 1 super-Virasoro algebra / 7.6.1.:
N = 2 and N = 4 supersymmetry; mirror symmetry / 7.6.2.:
Conclusions
Lectures on the Quantum Geometry of String Theory / B.R. GreeneCourse 4.:
What is quantum geometry? / 1.1.:
The ingredients / 1.2.:
The N = 2 superconformal algebra
The algebra
Representation theory of the N = 2 superconformal algebra
Chiral primary fields / 2.3.:
Spectral flow and the U(1) projection / 2.4.:
Four examples / 2.5.:
Example one: free field theory / 2.5.1.:
Example two: nonlinear sigma models / 2.5.2.:
Example three: Landau-Ginzburg models / 2.5.3.:
Example four: minimal models / 2.5.4.:
Families of N = 2 theories
Marginal operators
Moduli spaces: I
Interrelations between various N = 2 superconformal theories
Landau-Ginzburg theories and minimal models
Minimal models and Calabi-Yau manifolds: a conjectured correspondence
Arguments establishing minimal-model/Calabi-Yau correspondence
Mirror manifolds
Strategy of the construction
Minimal models and their automorphisms
Direct calculation
Constructing mirror manifolds
Examples / 5.5.:
Implications / 5.6.:
Spacetime topology change
Basic ideas
Mild topology change
Kahler moduli space / 6.2.1.:
Complex structure moduli space / 6.2.3.:
Implications of mirror manifolds: revisited / 6.2.4.:
Flop transitions / 6.2.5.:
An example / 6.2.6.:
Drastic topology change
Strominger's resolution of the conifold singularity / 6.3.1.:
Conifold transitions and topology change / 6.3.3.:
Symmetry Approach to the XXZ Model / T. MiwaCourse 5.:
The XXZ Hamiltonian for [Delta] [ -1
Transfer matrix
Symmetry of U[subscript q](sl[subscript 2])
Corner transfer matrix
Level 1 highest weight module
Half transfer matrix
Intertwiners
The vacuum vector
Diagonalization of the transfer matrix
Local operators and difference equations
Superstring Dualities, Dirichlet Branes and the Small Scale Structure of Space / M.R. DouglasSeminar 1.:
Duality and solitons in supersymmetric field theory
Duality and solitons in superstring theory
Dirichlet branes
Short distances in superstring theory
Further directions
Testing the Standard Model and Beyond / J. EllisSeminar 2.:
Introduction to the Standard Model and its (non-topological) defects
Testing the Standard Model
The electroweak vacuum
Motivations for supersymmetry
Model building
Physics with the LHC
Quantum Group Approach to Strongly Coupled Two Dimensional Gravity / J.-L. GervaisSeminar 3.:
Basic points about Liouville theory
The basic relations between 6j symbols
The Liouville string
Concluding remarks
N = 2 Superalgebra and Non-Commutative Geometry / H. Grosse ; C. Klimcik ; P. PresnajderSeminar 4.:
Commutative supersphere
Non-commutative supersphere
Outlook
Lecture on N = 2 Supersymmetric Gauge Theory / W. LercheSeminar 5.:
Semi-classical N = 2 Yang-Mills theory for G = SU(2)
The exact quantum moduli space
Solving the monodromy problem
Picard-Fuchs equations
Generalization to SU(n)
Physics / Part II.:
Noncommutative Geometry: The Spectral Aspect / A. ConnesCourse 6.:
Noncommutative geometry: an introduction
Infinitesimal calculus
Local index formula and the transverse fundamental class
The notion of manifold and the axioms of geometry
The spectral geometry of space-time
The KZB Equations on Riemann Surfaces / G. FelderCourse 7.:
Conformal blocks on Riemann surfaces
Kac-Moody groups
Principal G-bundles
Conformal blocks
The connection
The energy-momentum tensor
Flat structures
Connections on bundles of projective spaces / 3.3.:
The Friedan-Shenker connection / 3.4.:
The Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov-Bernard equations
Dynamical r-matrices
An explicit form for the connection
Transformation properties
Moving points
Fixing the complex structure
Proof of Theorem 5.2
From Diffeomorphism Groups to Loop Spaces via Cyclic Homology / J.-L. LodayCourse 8.:
Diffeomorphism group and pseudo-isotopy space
Algebraic K-theory via Quillen +-construction
The +-construction
First definition of Waldhausen's space A(X)
The Grothendieck group K[subscript 0]
Hochschild and cyclic homology, Lie algebras
Hochschild homology
Cyclic homology
Relationship with the Lie algebra homology of matrices
Computing A(X) out of the loop space [Lambda]X
Algebraic K-theory via Waldhausen S.-construction and Wh(X)
Waldhausen S.-construction
A(X) and Wh(X) via the S.-construction
Relating Wh(X) to pseudo-isotopy
Notation and terminology in algebraic topology / Appendix A.:
Homotopy theory / A.1.:
Classifying spaces / A.2.:
Simplicial sets and classifying spaces / Appendix B.:
More on classifying spaces of categories / B.1.:
Bisimplicial sets / B.2.:
References with comments
Quantum Groups and Braid Groups / M. RossoCourse 9.:
The Yang-Baxter equation, braid groups and Hopf algebras
Drinfeld's quantum double
The dual double construction
The quantum double and its properties
Hopf pairings and a generalized double
The quantized enveloping algebra U[subscript q]G
Construction of U[subscript q]G
A Hopf pairing U[subscript +] [times] U[subscript -] [right arrow] C(q) / 4.1.1.:
Some results from representation theory
The quantum shuffle construction
The quantum shuffle Hopf algebra
Hopf bimodules
Braidings
The cotensor Hopf algebra
The quantum symmetric algebra
The examples from abelian group algebras
A classification result
Multiplicative bases in the quantum shuffle algebra / 5.3.1.:
Consequences of growth conditions / 5.3.2.:
From Index Theory to Non-Commutative Geometry / N. TelemanCourse 10.:
Differential forms on smooth and Lipschitz manifolds
Riemannian metrics and L[subscript 2]-forms on smooth and Lipschitz manifolds
Hodge theory on smooth and Lipschitz manifolds
Analytical index of Fredholm operators on smooth and Lipschitz manifolds
Topological K-theory
Symbols of elliptic operators on smooth manifolds and their index
Characteristic classes, Chern character
Stiefel-Whitney classes of real vector bundles
Chern classes of complex vector bundles
Pontrjagin classes of real vector bundles
Chern-Weyl theory on smooth manifolds
Thom isomorphism
Thom isomorphism in cohomology
Thom isomorphism in K-theory
Comparison between the Thom isomorphism in cohomology and K-theory
Index theorem for smooth manifolds
Index theorem for Lipschitz manifolds
Quasi local formulas for Thom-Hirzebruch classes on quasi conformal manifolds
Compact Quantum Groups / S.L. WoronowiczCourse 11.:
Definitions and results
The Haar measure
Unitary representations
Right regular representation
The Hopf algebras
Peter-Weyl theory
Groups with faithful Haar measure
Seiberg-Witten Invariants and Vortex Equations / O. Garcia-PradaSeminar 6.:
Preliminaries on spin geometry, almost-complex geometry and self-duality
The Seiberg-Witten invariants
Kahler complex surfaces
Non-Kahler complex surfaces
Symplectic four-manifolds
Non-Abelian monopole equations
Quantization of Poisson Algebraic Groups and Poisson Homogeneous Spaces / P. Eting of ; D. KazhdanSeminar 7.:
Quantization of Poisson algebraic and Lie groups
Quantization of Poisson homogeneous spaces
Eta and Torsion / J. LottSeminar 8.:
Eta-invariant
Analytic torsion
Eta-forms
Analytic torsion forms
Symplectic Formalism in Conformal Field Theory / A. SchwarzSeminar 9.:
Symplectic formalism in classical field theory
Superconformal geometry
Superconformal field theory
Quantization of geometry associated to the quantized Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations / A. VarchenkoSeminar 10.:
KZ equations
Hypergeometric functions
Geometry of hypergeometric functions
qKZ equations
Solutions to the qKZ equations and eigenvectors of commuting Hamiltonians
Solutions to the qKZ equations
Difference equations of the discrete connection
p-Homology theory
Conclusion
Lecturers
Seminar Speakers
Participants
8.

図書

図書
édité par W.R. Holland, S. Joussaume, et F. David
出版情報: Amsterdam ; Tokyo : Elsevier, 1999  xxxv, 567 p. ; 23 cm
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Preface
Courses
The observed climate of the 20th century / E.M. Rasmusson ; M. Chelliah ; C.F. Ropelewski1:
Numerical modelling of the earth's climate / L. Bengtsson2:
Ocean modelling and the role of the ocean in the climate system / P. Delecluse ; G. Madec3:
Past climatic changes / J.-C. Duplessy4:
Paleomyths I have known / T.J. Crowley5:
Specialized Courses
Seminar
Climate variability of a coupled ocean-atmosphere-land surface model: implication for the detection of global warming / S. Manage ; R.J. Stouffer
Variability of the oceanic thermohaline circulation / W.R. Holland ; A. Capotondi6:
Modeling extreme climates of the past 20,000 years with general circulation models / S. Joussaume7:
Seminars by participants
Preface
Courses
The observed climate of the 20th century / E.M. Rasmusson ; M. Chelliah ; C.F. Ropelewski1:
9.

図書

図書
édité par H. Nifenecker ... [et al.]
出版情報: Amsterdam ; Tokyo : Elsevier, c1998  xxxvi, 781 p. ; 23 cm
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Lecturers
Seminar Speakers
Participants
Preface (French)
Preface (English)
The Birth of Nuclear Physics / P. RadvanyiCourse 1.:
Discovery of radioactivity, polonium and radium / 1.:
Radiations / 2.:
Radioactive change / 3.:
First applications / 4.:
From the atomic nucleus to the first nuclear reaction / 5.:
[beta]-Decay / 6.:
Nuclear physics / 7.:
Fission / 8.:
References
Elementary Features of Nuclear Structure / B. MottelsonCourse 2.:
Introduction / 0.:
Chaotic structures in nuclear spectra
Independent particle motion
Fermi liquids / 2.1.:
Bose liquids / 2.2.:
Shell structure
Pairing
Deformation and rotation
Connection of deformation and rotation / 5.1.:
Competition between pairing and deformation
High-spin states and super deformation
Super deformation / 7.1.:
Nuclear Collective Motion / G.F. BertschCourse 3.:
Note to the reader
Theoretical tools
The response function
Sum rules
Mean field theory / 2.3.:
Skyrme Hamiltonian / 2.3.1.:
Gogny Hamiltonian / 2.3.2.:
Relativistic mean field / 2.3.3.:
Which is best? / 2.3.4.:
Time-dependent mean field theory
Collective motion / 3.1.:
Application to giant dipole: Goldhaber-Teller mode / 3.1.1.:
RPA response / 3.2.:
Separable interactions / 3.3.:
An example: the giant dipole / 3.3.1.:
Quadrupole motion / 3.4.:
Collective motion at low frequencies
Surface response in the large A limit / 4.1.:
Pairing effects / 4.2.:
Nuclear equation of state
Finite excitation energy
Compressibility and the monopole resonance / 5.1.1.:
Damping of collective motion
Landau damping / 6.1.:
Direct escape / 6.2.:
Beyond mean field / 6.3.:
Large amplitude motion
Multiple phonons
Hot fission / 7.2.:
High Spin Experimental Physics / G. SlettenCourse 4.:
Introduction (lecture 1)
Formation of rapidly rotating nuclei
Gross features of the photon spectra
Rotation of deformed nuclei
Single particle motion in deformed nuclei
Signals from rapidly rotating nuclei
Interpretation of the signals
Interpretation of spectra
Strongly deformed structures / 9.:
Introduction (lecture 2) / 10.:
Analysis of the quasi-continuum / 11.:
The quasi-continuum of superdeformed states / 12.:
Cold Nuclear Rearrangement Processes in Fusion and Fission / P. ArmbrusterCourse 5.:
Where are we in the production of the heaviest elements?
Fission barriers and shell corrections
Clusters and temperature
Evidences from fusion reactions
Evidences from fission
Cluster aspects in the fusion entrance channel
Theoretical predictions on entrance channel limitations
Macroscopic models / 4.1.1.:
Microscopic models / 4.1.2.:
Evidence of entrance channel limitation from fusion reactions
The concept of fusion probability / 4.3.:
Comparison to experimental data / 4.4.:
Clusters and compactness
The [superscript 208]Pb-cluster - key to SHE production
The Production of Radioactive Nuclear Beams, Present and Future Facilities / R.H. SiemssenCourse 6.:
General considerations
The production of accelerated radioactive nuclear beams
In-flight production
The production method
Existing facilities
Proposed facilities
ISOL-type facilities
Primary beams and production cross sections
Ion sources and the production yields of radioactive ions / 5.2.:
Ion sources / 5.2.1.:
Charge amplifiers / 5.2.2.:
The post-accelerators / 5.2.3.:
Summary and outlook
Phase Transitions in Nuclear Matter and Fragmentation of Finite Nuclei / X. Campi ; H. KrivineCourse 7.:
Phase transitions
The liquid-gas phase transition
The nuclear caloric curve
Clustering as a signature of phase transitions
Statistical equilibrium models
The lattice-gas model
Mapping into the Ising model / 3.2.1.:
High-temperature limit / 3.2.2.:
Mean field approximation / 3.2.3.:
Thermodynamics / 3.2.4.:
Clustering / 3.2.5.:
Stable droplets / 3.2.6.:
The percolation phase transition
Critical behavior in nuclear fragmentation
Summary
Multifragmentation of Nuclei / B. Tamain ; D. DurandCourse 8.:
Multifragmentation and the nuclear equation of state: spinodal decomposition and the liquid-gas phase transition / 1.1.:
Multifragmentation and the microscopic transport models: the transport properties of nuclear matter / 1.2.:
Plan of the lectures / 1.3.:
Experimental tools
Detectors
Analysis tools
Event generators and simulations
Conclusion / 2.4.:
Reaction mechanisms in the Fermi energy range
Data: the dominance of binary processes
The role of dynamics
Reaction mechanisms: comparison with theory
Thermodynamical features of nuclear multifragmentation
Rise and fall of multifragment emission
Multifragmentation and thermalization: time scale measurements
Nuclear thermodynamics: excitation energy and temperature measurements
Nuclear calorimetry / 4.3.1.:
Nuclear thermometry / 4.3.2.:
Multifragmentation and phase transition
The caloric curve / 4.4.1.:
Critical behaviour of charge distributions / 4.4.2.:
Thermal features of multifragmentation: reducibility and thermal scaling / 4.5.:
Dynamical features of nuclear multifragmentation
Expansion and bulk instabilities
Coulomb and shape instabilities
Signals from Dense Matter / U. MoselCourse 9.:
Transport theory
Derivation
Fermi-energy regime / 2.1.1.:
Relativistic energies / 2.1.2.:
Coupled channel transport theory
Observables
Photons
Pions and etas
Pion production / 4.2.1.:
[eta] Production / 4.2.2.:
Resonance matter
Resonances in dense matter
Resonance properties
Observable consequences of resonance matter
Resonance population
Effects on subthreshold particle production / 6.1.1.:
Pion annihilation
Dilepton radiation
Dilepton radiation from heavy-ion collisions
Dilepton sources in heavy-ion reactions / 7.1.1.:
Vector mesons in dense matter / 7.1.2.:
Vector meson messes in dense nuclear matter / 8.1.:
Observable consequences / 8.2.:
Ultrarelativistic energies / 8.2.1.:
Timelike electromagnetic formfactors
Vector meson dominance / 9.1.:
Dilepton radiation from pp collisions / 9.2.:
Electromagnetic and Weak Interactions in Nuclei / B. DesplanquesCourse 10.:
Describing the ground state of nuclear matter by an "independent particle state"
Constructing a quasi-particle and determining some of its electromagnetic properties
A schematic model
The Coulomb interaction
The nucleon in nuclear matter: effects in relation with its meson (pion) cloud
[pi]-Exchange force
In-medium electromagnetic properties of the nucleon: Pauli effect
Using physical or bare nucleons?
Energy-dependent NN interaction and electromagnetic observables
Energy dependent NN interaction potential
Extra electroweak contribution in the impulse approximation
Meson in flight contribution (recoil current) / 5.3.:
Where is the meson content, [characters not reproducible], gone? / 5.4.:
The swelling of nucleons in nuclei and the Roper resonance
Description of a swollen nucleon
Charge form factor of the swollen nucleon
Quarks, Hadrons and Dense Nuclear Matter / W. WeiseCourse 11.:
Elements of low energy QCD
Symmetries and currents
Baryon and flavour currents
Massless quarks: chiral symmetry
Spontaneous symmetry breaking
Realizations of chiral symmetry / 2.2.1.:
Goldstone bosons / 2.2.2.:
The chiral condensate / 2.2.3.:
PCAC and the Gell-Mann, Oakes, Renner relation / 2.2.4.:
Running quark mass in the presence of a chiral condensate / 2.2.5.:
A schematic model: Nambu and Jona-Lasinio / 2.2.6.:
The axial anomaly
The meson spectrum
Pseudoscalar meson nonet / 2.4.1.:
Vector mesons / 2.4.2.:
Intermediate summary: vacuum structure and hadron spectrum / 2.5.:
The QCD vacuum / 2.5.1.:
Hadrons and the gap / 2.5.2.:
Chiral effective field theory
Preparations
Chiral effective Lagrangian: meson sector
Pion-pion scattering
Introducing vector mesons
The pion form factor
Chiral effective Lagrangian including baryons
Basic steps
Electromagnetic interactions / 3.3.2.:
Next-to-leading order / 3.3.3.:
Baryon masses and sigma terms / 3.3.4.:
Strange quarks in the nucleon / 3.3.5.:
Chiral low energy theorems
Goldberger-Treiman relation / 3.4.1.:
S-Wave pion-nucleon scattering: Weinberg-Tomozawa theorem / 3.4.2.:
Charged pion photoproduction: Kroll-Ruderman theorem / 3.4.3.:
Neutral pion photoproduction / 3.4.4.:
Baryon resonances / 3.5.:
Chiral SU (3) dynamics / 3.6.:
Coupled channels method / 3.6.1.:
Low-energy K N interactions and the [Lambda] (1405) / 3.6.2.:
Coupled [pi] N, [eta] N and kaon-hyperon system / 3.6.3.:
Photoproduction of [eta] mesons / 3.6.4.:
Short note: chiral dynamics and the nucleon-nucleon interaction / 3.7.:
Intermediate summary and comments / 3.8.:
Hadrons in dense matter
Prelude
Chiral thermodynamics
Hellmann-Feynman theorem
Example: free Fermi gas of nucleons
Example: thermal pion gas / 4.2.3.:
Chiral condensate from lattice QCD / 4.2.4.:
Schematic picture: NJL model / 4.2.5.:
The chiral condensate in dense nuclear matter
Effects of correlations
Scalar mean field in nuclei
Pions in a nuclear medium
Pion mass in matter
Deeply bound pionic states
Kaons in dense matter
Density dependence of kaon masses / 4.5.1.:
Subthreshold kaon production in nuclear collisions / 4.5.2.:
Kaon condensation / 4.5.3.:
Current-current correlation function in baryonic matter / 4.6.:
The rho meson in matter / 4.6.2.:
Dilepton production in nuclear collisions / 4.6.3.:
Introduction to QCD / A.H. MuellerCourse 12.:
QCD: the Lagrangian and the running coupling
Quarks and gluons
Quantization
The Feynman rules
Renormalization
The running coupling and the [Lambda]-parameter
The parton model
e[superscript +] - e[superscript -] [right arrow] hadrons
Deep inelastic electron scattering (kinematics)
Deep inelastic scattering (parton model)
Physical motivation of parton model
QCD improved parton model
Factorization and the hard scattering picture in QCD
Proton(p1) + Proton(p2) [right arrow] [mu superscript +] [mu superscript -](q) + anything
Jet production in proton-proton collisions
Spin dependence and the axial anomaly
Kinematics of spin dependent deep inelastic lepton scattering
The operator product expansion and the anomaly
Bare quarks and constituent quarks
High energy quarks and gluons in hot and cold QCD matter
The physical picture and results
Multiple scattering in the medium
Elementary scattering (hot matter)
Elementary scattering (cold matter)
Between scatterings
The equations
Jet broadening / 5.3.1.:
Induced radiation spectrum / 5.3.2.:
Solutions
Jet p[subscript perpendicular, bottom]-broadening / 5.4.1.:
Induced gluon spectrum and energy loss / 5.4.2.:
Estimates / 5.5.:
Hot matter / 5.5.1.:
Cold matter / 5.5.2.:
([mu]/[lambda])v from the gluon distribution of the nucleon / 5.5.3.:
([mu superscript 2]/[lambda])v from dijet data / 5.5.4.:
Exclusive Reactions in QCD / B. PireCourse 13.:
Space-time picture and counting rules
Calculating a hard exclusive amplitude: the example of the pion form factor
Description of the pion
The hard scattering at the Born level
Radiative corrections
Transverse degrees of freedom
Experimental review
Other hard scattering processes
The proton distribution amplitude
The proton magnetic form factor
Compton scattering
Virtual Compton Scattering
Other processes
Color transparency
The physical idea
An instructive calculation
Present data and future prospects
The Quark-Gluon Plasma and Nuclear Collisions at High Energy / J.-P. BlaizotCourse 14.:
Ultrarelativistic matter: from the early universe to nucleus-nucleus collisions at high energy
Brief thermal history of the universe
Thermodynamics of relativistic particles
Dynamics of the expansion
Early universe
Nucleus-nucleus collision at high energy
Particle masses and symmetry breaking
Three approaches to the quark-hadron transition
The hadron gas and the Hagedorn temperature
The quark-hadron transition in the bag model
Chiral dynamics
Chiral symmetry, chiral condensate, Goldstone bosons
A simple lagrangian for the Goldstone bosons
First principle calculations
Finite temperature calculations
High order calculations of the free energy
Lattice gauge calculations
The deconfinement transition in pure gauge theory
The value of the critical temperature
The equation of state / 4.3.3.:
Potential between heavy quarks / 4.3.4.:
Chiral transition / 4.3.5.:
Collective excitations of the quark-gluon plasma
Non-relativistic and ultrarelativistic ideal plasmas
Non-relativistic plasmas
Ultrarelativistic plasmas
A hierarchy of scales in ultra-relativistic plasmas
Non-abelian plasmas / 5.2.4.:
Screening, Landau damping, collective modes
Screening
Collective modes / 5.3.3.:
Lifetime of excitations
Quasiparticles
Infrared problems
Non exponential damping / 5.4.3.:
Nucleus-nucleus collisions at high energy
Some kinematics. Rapidity distributions
Center of mass versus laboratory frames
Rapidity / 6.1.2.:
Rapidity interval / 6.1.3.:
Rapidity distributions. Central and fragmentation regions / 6.1.4.:
The experimental program
Relativistic hydrodynamics
Equations of hydrodynamics for relativistic fluids / 6.3.1.:
Landau and Bjorken initial conditions / 6.3.2.:
Longitudinal expansion in scaling hydrodynamics / 6.3.3.:
Collision geometry and transverse energy / 6.4.:
Hadronic observables
Effects of a phase transition on global observables
Hadron interferometry
Strangeness production / 7.3.:
Hints of thermalisation / 7.4.:
Disoriented chiral condensates / 7.5.:
The J / [Psi] meson in nuclear collisions
The J / [Psi] meson
Models of J / [Psi] production in hadronic collisions
The J / [Psi] in a quark-gluon plasma / 8.3.:
Screening and disappearance of bound states / 8.3.1.:
A simple model for J / [Psi] suppression in an expanding plasma / 8.3.2.:
J / [Psi] production in hadron-hadron and hadron-nucleus collisions / 8.4.:
Medium effects. Nuclear absorption / 8.4.1.:
Nucleus-nucleus collisions / 8.5.:
Nuclear absorption / 8.5.1.:
Initial state scattering and the P[subscript T] distribution / 8.5.2.:
Comovers / 8.5.3.:
The recent Pb-Pb data: a surprise! / 8.6.:
Neutron Stars and Nuclear Physics / C.J. Pethick ; D.G. RavenhallCourse 15.:
Introduction and history
Observational aspects
Overview of matter at high densities
Nuclei in the outer crust
Neutron drip
Nuclei in the inner crust
Non-spherical nuclei
Neutron skins and elemental abundances
The neutron skin
The rapid neutron capture process
Effective interactions for nucleons
Neutron drops
Matter in neutron star cores
Concluding remarks
Hybrid Systems for Waste Incineration and Energy Production / H. Nifenecker ; M. SpiroCourse 16.:
Breeding and transmutation
Breeding
Transmutation and incineration
Official reprocessing policy
Alternative policies
The Thorium-Uranium cycle
Principle of hybrid systems
Accelerators and spallation reactions
Neutrons multiplying assemblies
Neutron balance
Fuel evolution
Liquid fuel systems
Solid fuels
Strategical evaluation of hybrid systems
Transmute nuclei / 3.5.1.:
Energy production / 3.5.2.:
The proposal of C.D. Bowman
The proposal of C. Rubbia
The safety features
Sub-criticality
Natural convection / 5.1.2.:
Passive safety / 5.1.3.:
Sociological safety / 5.1.4.:
Neutronic
Incineration of transuranic elements
Cost estimates
Lecturers
Seminar Speakers
Participants
10.

図書

図書
édité par G. Zaccai, J. Massoulié et F. David
出版情報: Amsterdam ; Tokyo : Elsevier, 1998  xxxiv, 264 p. ; 23 cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface
Cytoskeleton and Cell Cycle / Section I:
Microtubule dynamics in vitro and their relationship with cellular function / (D. Job)
Structure and function of two molecular motors and their pathways / (R.H. Wade)
The cellular machinery for chromosome movement / (J.R. McIntosh)
The role of microtubules in the creation of order in the cell / (R.L. Margolis)
Intracellular Communication - Membranes - Synapses - Time / Section II:
Intracellular membrane traffic / (M. McCaffrye, B. Goud)
Signaling in sensory cells
Molecular sturcture and function of ion channels / (U.B. Kaupp)
Theoretical models for oscillations in biochemical and cellular systems / (A. Goldbeter)
Development of the Central Nervous System / Section III:
An overview of nervous system development / (O. Pourquieacute;, F. Bourrat)
Student Seminars / Section IV:
Inhibition as binding controller at the level of a single neuron (Information processing in a pyramidal-type neuron) / (A.K. Vidybida)
Isolated nerve cell response to laser irradiation and photodynamic / (A.B. Uzdenski)
Lectures and Seminars presented at the summerschool but not published in the proceedings / Section V:
The endomembrane system / (D. Sabatini)
The history of the two-stage model for membrane protein folding / (D.M. Engelman)
Post synaptic receptors and the organisation of the synapse / (R. Kelly)
Short reports on Ph.D. student seminars
Conclusion
Relations between physics and biology / (B. Jacrot)
Preface
Cytoskeleton and Cell Cycle / Section I:
Microtubule dynamics in vitro and their relationship with cellular function / (D. Job)
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