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1.

電子ブック

EB
Ulrich K. Deiters, Thomas Kraska
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books , Elsevier, 2012
所蔵情報: loading…
目次情報: 続きを見る
Symbols
Foreword
Preface
Introduction / 1:
What are Fluids? / 1.1:
Why Should You Read This Book? / 1.2:
What is the Scope of This Book? / 1.3:
Do You Have to Read the Whole Book? / 1.4:
Some Conventions / 1.5:
Phenomenology of Phase Diagrams / 2:
Basic Considerations / 2.1:
Phase Diagrams-Cuts and Projections / 2.1.1:
Subcritical Vapor-Liquid Equilibria / 2.1.2:
The Lever Rule / 2.1.3:
Supercritical Vapor-Liquid Equilibria / 2.1.4:
Volumetric Behavior / 2.1.5:
Experimentally Known Binary Phase Diagram Classes / 2.2:
Class I / 2.2.1:
Class II / 2.2.2:
Class III / 2.2.3:
Class IV / 2.2.4:
Class V / 2.2.5:
Class VI / 2.2.6:
Class VII / 2.2.7:
Class VIII / 2.2.8:
Rational Nomenclature of Phase Diagram Classes / 2.3:
Ternary Phase Diagrams / 2.4:
One Immiscible Binary Subsystem / 2.4.1:
Two Immiscible Binary Subsystems / 2.4.2:
Three Immiscible Binary Subsystems / 2.4.3:
No Immiscible Binary Subsystems / 2.4.4:
The Ternary Lever Rule / 2.4.5:
Three-Dimensional Representations / 2.4.6:
Miscibility Windows and Cosolvency / 2.4.7:
Phase Diagrams of Polymer Solutions / 2.5:
Problems / 2.6:
Experimental Observation of Phase Equilibria / 3:
Warning / 3.1:
Overview / 3.2:
Synthetic Methods / 3.3:
Analytic Methods / 3.4:
Transient Methods / 3.5:
Methods Using Flow of Matter / 3.5.1:
Methods Using Heat Flow / 3.5.2:
Thermodynamic Variables and Functions / 3.6:
Fundamentals / 4.1:
Energy Functions and the Equation of State / 4.2:
Residual, Excess, and Partial Molar Quantities / 4.3:
Residual Quantities / 4.3.1:
Excess Quantities / 4.3.2:
Partial Molar Quantities / 4.3.3:
Jacobian Determinants / 4.4:
Variables of Historical Importance / 4.5:
Stability and Equilibrium / 4.6:
Criteria of Equilibrium / 5.1:
Thermodynamic Stability and Equilibrium Criteria Based on the Second Law / 5.2:
Phase Equilibria of Pure Substances / 5.3:
Differential Equations / 5.3.1:
Algebraic Equations / 5.3.2:
Critical Points of Pure Fluids / 5.4:
Phase Equilibria of Binary Mixtures / 5.5:
Algebraic Equations Based on the Gibbs Energy / 5.5.1:
Vapor-Liquid Equilibria at Infinite Dilution / 5.5.3:
Mixtures in the Vicinity of Pure-Fluid Critical Points / 5.5.4:
The Isobaric Phase Diagram of an Ideal Mixture / 5.5.5:
Azeotropy / 5.5.6:
Critical Curves / 5.6:
Critical Endpoints / 5.6.1:
Three-Phase Curves / 5.7:
Isochoric Thermodynamics / 5.8:
Isochoric Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibrium / 5.8.1:
Local Stability / 5.8.2:
Mechanical Stability / 5.8.3:
Computation / 5.8.4:
Heat Effects of Phase Transitions / 5.9:
Solid-Fluid Equilibrium / 6:
Thermodynamic Functions of Solids / 6.1:
Equilibrium of a Pure Solid and Mixed Fluid Phase / 6.2:
Remarks on Phase Diagrams of Binary Mixtures / 6.3:
Impure Solids / 6.4:
Continuous Miscibility / 6.4.1:
Continuous Solubility on Interstitial Sites (Clathrates) / 6.4.2:
Formation of Stoichiometric Compounds / 6.4.3:
Equations of State for Pure Fluids / 6.5:
The Ideal Gas / 7.1:
The Virial Equation of State / 7.3:
Cubic Equations of State / 7.4:
The van der Waals Equation of State / 7.4.1:
The Redlich-Kwong Equation / 7.4.2:
The Redlich-Kwong-Soave Equation / 7.4.3:
The Peng-Robinson Equation / 7.4.4:
Generalized Cubic Equations of State / 7.4.5:
Equations of State Based on Molecular Theory / 7.5:
Hard-Sphere Equations of State / 7.5.1:
Attraction Terms / 7.5.2:
Perturbed-Hard-Chain Theories / 7.5.3:
Perturbation Theories / 7.5.4:
Chemical Association Theories / 7.5.5:
Reference Equations of State / 7.6:
The Corresponding-States Principle / 7.7:
Near-Critical Behavior / 7.8:
Which Equation of State is Best? / 7.9:
How to Obtain the Parameters / 7.10:
Equations of State for Mixtures / 7.11:
The Random Mixing Approximation / 8.1:
One-Fluid Theory / 8.3:
Combining Rules / 8.4:
n-Fluid Theories / 8.5:
The Mean-Density Approximation / 8.6:
Advanced Theory / 8.7:
GE-Based Mixing Rules / 8.8:
Anything Goes? / 8.9:
Fuzzy Components / 8.10:
Continuous Thermodynamics / 8.10.1:
Pseudocomponents / 8.10.2:
Global Phase Diagrams / 8.11:
The Concept / 9.1:
The Coordinates of Global Phase Diagrams / 9.2:
Boundary States / 9.3:
Double Critical Endpoints / 9.3.1:
Tricritical Points / 9.3.2:
Border Azeotropy / 9.3.3:
Critical Azeotropic Endpoints / 9.3.4:
Zero-Kelvin Endpoints / 9.3.5:
Critical Pressure Step Points / 9.3.6:
Global Phase Diagrams for Specific Models / 9.4:
The Redlich-Kwong Equation of State / 9.4.1:
The Carnahan-Starling-Redlich-Kwong Equation of State / 9.4.3:
The Carnahan-Starling-van der Waals Equation of State / 9.4.4:
Lattice Gas Models / 9.4.5:
Other Equations of State / 9.4.6:
Are Shield and Sword Regions Realistic? / 9.4.7:
Applications of Global Phase Diagrams / 9.5:
Ternary Systems / 9.6:
Algebraic and Numeric Methods / 9.7:
Errors / A.1:
Round-off Errors / A.1.1:
Termination Errors / A.1.2:
Root of a One-Dimensional Function: Substitution Methods / A.2:
Root of a One-Dimensional Function: Regula Falsi / A.3:
Root of a One-Dimensional Function: Newton's Method / A.4:
Roots of Cubic Polynomials / A.5:
Cardano's Method / A.5.1:
Fast Numeric Method / A.5.2:
The Roots of Quartic Polynomials / A.6:
The Roots of Quintic Polynomials / A.7:
Numerical Differentiation / A.8:
Symmetric Differentiation Methods / A.8.1:
Asymmetric Differentiation Methods / A.8.2:
Numerical Integration / A.9:
Simpson's/Newton's Method / A.9.1:
Gauss' and Chebyshev's Methods / A.9.2:
Romberg's Method / A.9.3:
Improper Integrals / A.9.4:
Ordinary Differential Equations: Runge-Kutta Method / A.10:
Linear Algebra / A.11:
Eigenvalues of a Symmetric Matrix / A.12:
Parameter Fitting and Systems of Nonlinear Equations / A.13:
Proofs / Appendix B:
Legendre Transformation / B.1:
The Slopes of Isochores / B.2:
The Expansion Theorem of Jacobian Determinants / B.3:
Equations of State: Auxiliary Equations for Programming / Appendix C:
The Redlich-Kwong-Soave Equation of State / C.1:
The Peng-Robinson Equation of State / C.4:
The Simplified Perturbed-Hard-Chain Equation of State / C.5:
Solutions of the Problems / Appendix D:
References
Index
Symbols
Foreword
Preface
2.

電子ブック

EB
Ulrich K. Deiters, Thomas Kraska
出版情報: Elsevier ScienceDirect Books Complete , Elsevier, 2012
所蔵情報: loading…
目次情報: 続きを見る
Symbols
Foreword
Preface
Introduction / 1:
What are Fluids? / 1.1:
Why Should You Read This Book? / 1.2:
What is the Scope of This Book? / 1.3:
Do You Have to Read the Whole Book? / 1.4:
Some Conventions / 1.5:
Phenomenology of Phase Diagrams / 2:
Basic Considerations / 2.1:
Phase Diagrams-Cuts and Projections / 2.1.1:
Subcritical Vapor-Liquid Equilibria / 2.1.2:
The Lever Rule / 2.1.3:
Supercritical Vapor-Liquid Equilibria / 2.1.4:
Volumetric Behavior / 2.1.5:
Experimentally Known Binary Phase Diagram Classes / 2.2:
Class I / 2.2.1:
Class II / 2.2.2:
Class III / 2.2.3:
Class IV / 2.2.4:
Class V / 2.2.5:
Class VI / 2.2.6:
Class VII / 2.2.7:
Class VIII / 2.2.8:
Rational Nomenclature of Phase Diagram Classes / 2.3:
Ternary Phase Diagrams / 2.4:
One Immiscible Binary Subsystem / 2.4.1:
Two Immiscible Binary Subsystems / 2.4.2:
Three Immiscible Binary Subsystems / 2.4.3:
No Immiscible Binary Subsystems / 2.4.4:
The Ternary Lever Rule / 2.4.5:
Three-Dimensional Representations / 2.4.6:
Miscibility Windows and Cosolvency / 2.4.7:
Phase Diagrams of Polymer Solutions / 2.5:
Problems / 2.6:
Experimental Observation of Phase Equilibria / 3:
Warning / 3.1:
Overview / 3.2:
Synthetic Methods / 3.3:
Analytic Methods / 3.4:
Transient Methods / 3.5:
Methods Using Flow of Matter / 3.5.1:
Methods Using Heat Flow / 3.5.2:
Thermodynamic Variables and Functions / 3.6:
Fundamentals / 4.1:
Energy Functions and the Equation of State / 4.2:
Residual, Excess, and Partial Molar Quantities / 4.3:
Residual Quantities / 4.3.1:
Excess Quantities / 4.3.2:
Partial Molar Quantities / 4.3.3:
Jacobian Determinants / 4.4:
Variables of Historical Importance / 4.5:
Stability and Equilibrium / 4.6:
Criteria of Equilibrium / 5.1:
Thermodynamic Stability and Equilibrium Criteria Based on the Second Law / 5.2:
Phase Equilibria of Pure Substances / 5.3:
Differential Equations / 5.3.1:
Algebraic Equations / 5.3.2:
Critical Points of Pure Fluids / 5.4:
Phase Equilibria of Binary Mixtures / 5.5:
Algebraic Equations Based on the Gibbs Energy / 5.5.1:
Vapor-Liquid Equilibria at Infinite Dilution / 5.5.3:
Mixtures in the Vicinity of Pure-Fluid Critical Points / 5.5.4:
The Isobaric Phase Diagram of an Ideal Mixture / 5.5.5:
Azeotropy / 5.5.6:
Critical Curves / 5.6:
Critical Endpoints / 5.6.1:
Three-Phase Curves / 5.7:
Isochoric Thermodynamics / 5.8:
Isochoric Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibrium / 5.8.1:
Local Stability / 5.8.2:
Mechanical Stability / 5.8.3:
Computation / 5.8.4:
Heat Effects of Phase Transitions / 5.9:
Solid-Fluid Equilibrium / 6:
Thermodynamic Functions of Solids / 6.1:
Equilibrium of a Pure Solid and Mixed Fluid Phase / 6.2:
Remarks on Phase Diagrams of Binary Mixtures / 6.3:
Impure Solids / 6.4:
Continuous Miscibility / 6.4.1:
Continuous Solubility on Interstitial Sites (Clathrates) / 6.4.2:
Formation of Stoichiometric Compounds / 6.4.3:
Equations of State for Pure Fluids / 6.5:
The Ideal Gas / 7.1:
The Virial Equation of State / 7.3:
Cubic Equations of State / 7.4:
The van der Waals Equation of State / 7.4.1:
The Redlich-Kwong Equation / 7.4.2:
The Redlich-Kwong-Soave Equation / 7.4.3:
The Peng-Robinson Equation / 7.4.4:
Generalized Cubic Equations of State / 7.4.5:
Equations of State Based on Molecular Theory / 7.5:
Hard-Sphere Equations of State / 7.5.1:
Attraction Terms / 7.5.2:
Perturbed-Hard-Chain Theories / 7.5.3:
Perturbation Theories / 7.5.4:
Chemical Association Theories / 7.5.5:
Reference Equations of State / 7.6:
The Corresponding-States Principle / 7.7:
Near-Critical Behavior / 7.8:
Which Equation of State is Best? / 7.9:
How to Obtain the Parameters / 7.10:
Equations of State for Mixtures / 7.11:
The Random Mixing Approximation / 8.1:
One-Fluid Theory / 8.3:
Combining Rules / 8.4:
n-Fluid Theories / 8.5:
The Mean-Density Approximation / 8.6:
Advanced Theory / 8.7:
GE-Based Mixing Rules / 8.8:
Anything Goes? / 8.9:
Fuzzy Components / 8.10:
Continuous Thermodynamics / 8.10.1:
Pseudocomponents / 8.10.2:
Global Phase Diagrams / 8.11:
The Concept / 9.1:
The Coordinates of Global Phase Diagrams / 9.2:
Boundary States / 9.3:
Double Critical Endpoints / 9.3.1:
Tricritical Points / 9.3.2:
Border Azeotropy / 9.3.3:
Critical Azeotropic Endpoints / 9.3.4:
Zero-Kelvin Endpoints / 9.3.5:
Critical Pressure Step Points / 9.3.6:
Global Phase Diagrams for Specific Models / 9.4:
The Redlich-Kwong Equation of State / 9.4.1:
The Carnahan-Starling-Redlich-Kwong Equation of State / 9.4.3:
The Carnahan-Starling-van der Waals Equation of State / 9.4.4:
Lattice Gas Models / 9.4.5:
Other Equations of State / 9.4.6:
Are Shield and Sword Regions Realistic? / 9.4.7:
Applications of Global Phase Diagrams / 9.5:
Ternary Systems / 9.6:
Algebraic and Numeric Methods / 9.7:
Errors / A.1:
Round-off Errors / A.1.1:
Termination Errors / A.1.2:
Root of a One-Dimensional Function: Substitution Methods / A.2:
Root of a One-Dimensional Function: Regula Falsi / A.3:
Root of a One-Dimensional Function: Newton's Method / A.4:
Roots of Cubic Polynomials / A.5:
Cardano's Method / A.5.1:
Fast Numeric Method / A.5.2:
The Roots of Quartic Polynomials / A.6:
The Roots of Quintic Polynomials / A.7:
Numerical Differentiation / A.8:
Symmetric Differentiation Methods / A.8.1:
Asymmetric Differentiation Methods / A.8.2:
Numerical Integration / A.9:
Simpson's/Newton's Method / A.9.1:
Gauss' and Chebyshev's Methods / A.9.2:
Romberg's Method / A.9.3:
Improper Integrals / A.9.4:
Ordinary Differential Equations: Runge-Kutta Method / A.10:
Linear Algebra / A.11:
Eigenvalues of a Symmetric Matrix / A.12:
Parameter Fitting and Systems of Nonlinear Equations / A.13:
Proofs / Appendix B:
Legendre Transformation / B.1:
The Slopes of Isochores / B.2:
The Expansion Theorem of Jacobian Determinants / B.3:
Equations of State: Auxiliary Equations for Programming / Appendix C:
The Redlich-Kwong-Soave Equation of State / C.1:
The Peng-Robinson Equation of State / C.4:
The Simplified Perturbed-Hard-Chain Equation of State / C.5:
Solutions of the Problems / Appendix D:
References
Index
Symbols
Foreword
Preface
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