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1.

図書

図書
M. F. C. Ladd and R. A. Palmer
出版情報: New York : Plenum Press, c1977  xvi, 393 p. ; 24 cm
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2.

図書

図書
M.F.C. Ladd and R.A. Palmer
出版情報: New York : Plenum Press, c1993  xxiv, 586 p. ; 24 cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Physical Constants and Other Numerical Data
Notation
Crystal Morphology and Crystal Symmetry / Chapter 1:
Introduction / 1.1:
The Crystalline State / 1.2:
Stereographic Projection / 1.3:
External Symmetry of Crystals / 1.4:
Bibliography
Problems
Lattices and Space-Group Theory / Chapter 2:
Lattices / 2.1:
Families of Planes and Interplanar Spacings / 2.3:
Reciprocal Lattice-Geometrical Treatment / 2.4:
Unit-Cell Transformation / 2.5:
Rotational Symmetries of Lattices / 2.6:
Space Groups / 2.7:
Matrix Representation of Symmetry Operations / 2.8:
Diffraction Symbols / 2.9:
I X-rays, X-ray Diffraction, and Structure Factors II Intensities and Intensity Statistics / Chapter 3:
X-rays, X-ray Diffraction, and Structure Factors / I:
Generation and Properties of X-rays / 3.1:
X-ray Scattering / 3.2:
Scattering by Regular Arrays of Atoms / 3.3:
Reciprocal Lattice-Analytical Treatment / 3.4:
Scattering by a Crystal Structure / 3.5:
Using the Structure Factor Equation / 3.6:
Limiting Conditions and Systematic Absences / 3.7:
Practical Determination of Space Groups from Diffraction Data / 3.8:
Intensities and Intensity Statistics / II:
Intensity Expressions and Factors Affecting Intensities / 3.9:
Intensity Statistics / 3.10:
I Optical and X-ray Examination of Crystals II Measurement of Intensity Data from Single Crystals / Chapter 4:
Optical and X-ray Examination of Crystals
Polarized Light / 4.1:
Optical Classification of Crystals / 4.3:
Single-Crystal X-ray Techniques / 4.4:
Recognition of Crystal System / 4.5:
Measurement of Intensity Data from Single Crystals
Intensity Measurements on Photographs / 4.6:
Single-Crystal X-ray Diffractometry / 4.7:
Area Detectors (Position-Sensitive Detectors) / 4.8:
Monochromators / 4.9:
Focusing Mirrors / 4.10:
Twinning / 4.11:
Fourier Series and Fourier Transforms / Chapter 5:
Image Formation and Focusing / 5.1:
Fourier Series / 5.2:
Fourier Series in X-ray Crystallography / 5.3:
Holes and Atoms / 5.4:
Generalized Fourier Transform / 5.5:
Practice with Transforms / 5.6:
Some General Properties of Transforms / 5.7:
Convolution / 5.8:
Structure Solution in Brief / 5.9:
Fourier Techniques in X-ray Structure Determination / Chapter 6:
Analysis of the Unit-Cell Contents / 6.1:
Interpretation of Electron Density Distributions / 6.3:
Methods of Solving the Phase Problem / 6.4:
Anomalous Scattering / 6.5:
Neutron Diffraction / 6.6:
Direct Methods and Refinement / Chapter 7:
Direct Methods of Phase Determination / 7.1:
Patterson Search Methods / 7.3:
Least-Squares Refinement / 7.4:
Molecular Geometry / 7.5:
Precision / 7.6:
Correctness of a Structure Analysis / 7.7:
Limitations of X-ray Structure Analysis / 7.8:
Disorder in Single Crystals / 7.9:
Computer Prediction of Crystal Structures / 7.10:
Examples of Crystal Structure Determination / Chapter 8:
Crystal Structure of 2-Bromobenzo[b]indeno[1,2-e]pyran / 8.1:
Crystal Structure of Potassium 2-Hydroxy-3,4-dioxocyclobut-1-ene-1-olate Monohydrate KHSO / 8.3:
Structure Analysis by X-ray and Neutron Diffraction / 8.4:
Determination of an Intermediate Size Crystal Structure Using Direct Methods / 8.5:
Concluding Remarks / 8.6:
X-ray Structure Determination with Powders / Chapter 9:
Basis of the Powder Method / 9.1:
Data Collection / 9.3:
Indexing Powder Patterns / 9.4:
Extracting Integrated Intensities from a Powder Pattern / 9.5:
Rietveld Refinement / 9.6:
Examples of Solved Structures / 9.7:
Powder Diffraction with Proteins / 9.8:
Proteins and Macromolecular X-ray Analysis / 9.9:
Crystallization of Proteins and Complexes for X-ray Analysis / 10.1:
Crystal Mounting for X-ray Data Collection / 10.3:
Macromolecular Crystallography / 10.4:
Types of Fourier Synthesis for Protein Analysis / 10.5:
Determination of the Phases for Protein Crystals / 10.6:
Siras and MAD Phasing / 10.7:
Use of Phase Information and Density Modification / 10.8:
Macromolecular Structure Refinement and Solvent and Ligand Fitting / 10.9:
Structure Validation: Final Checks / 10.10:
Geometry Validation: Final Checks / 10.11:
Computer-Aided Crystallography / Chapter 11:
Derivation of Point Groups (EULR*) / 11.1:
Point-Group Recognition (SYMM*) / 11.3:
Structure Determination Simulation (XRAY*) / 11.4:
Crystal Structure Analysis Problems / 11.5:
General Crystal Structure and Other Programs / 11.6:
Automatic Powder Indexing (ITO12*) / 11.7:
Automatic Powder Structure Solving (ESPOIR*) / 11.8:
Appendices
Stereoviews and Crystal Models / A1:
Analytical Geometry of Direction Cosines / A2:
Schonflies' Symmetry Notation / A3:
Rotation Matrices / A4:
Spherical Trigonometry / A5:
Trigonometrical Formulae / A6:
Cartesian Coordinates / A7:
The integral [function of superscript infinity subscript 0 (sin x)/x] dx / A8:
Gamma Function / A9:
Crystallographic Software / A10:
Tutorial Solutions
Index / Solutions 1:
Physical Constants and Other Numerical Data
Notation
Crystal Morphology and Crystal Symmetry / Chapter 1:
3.

図書

図書
edited by M. F. C. Ladd and R. A. Palmer
出版情報: New York : Plenum Press, c1980  xiv, 421 p. ; 24 cm
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4.

図書

図書
M.F.C. Ladd
出版情報: Chichester, West Sussex, England : Ellis Horwood , New York : Halsted Press, 1989  274 p. ; 25 cm
シリーズ名: Ellis Horwood series in physical chemistry
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5.

図書

図書
M.F.C. Ladd and R.A. Palmer
出版情報: New York : Plenum Press, c1985  xxii, 502 p. ; 24 cm.
所蔵情報: loading…
目次情報: 続きを見る
Physical Constants and Other Numerical Data
Notation
Crystal Morphology and Crystal Symmetry / Chapter 1:
Introduction / 1.1:
The Crystalline State / 1.2:
Stereographic Projection / 1.3:
External Symmetry of Crystals / 1.4:
Bibliography
Problems
Lattices and Space-Group Theory / Chapter 2:
Lattices / 2.1:
Families of Planes and Interplanar Spacings / 2.3:
Reciprocal Lattice-Geometrical Treatment / 2.4:
Unit-Cell Transformation / 2.5:
Rotational Symmetries of Lattices / 2.6:
Space Groups / 2.7:
Matrix Representation of Symmetry Operations / 2.8:
Diffraction Symbols / 2.9:
I X-rays, X-ray Diffraction, and Structure Factors II Intensities and Intensity Statistics / Chapter 3:
X-rays, X-ray Diffraction, and Structure Factors / I:
Generation and Properties of X-rays / 3.1:
X-ray Scattering / 3.2:
Scattering by Regular Arrays of Atoms / 3.3:
Reciprocal Lattice-Analytical Treatment / 3.4:
Scattering by a Crystal Structure / 3.5:
Using the Structure Factor Equation / 3.6:
Limiting Conditions and Systematic Absences / 3.7:
Practical Determination of Space Groups from Diffraction Data / 3.8:
Intensities and Intensity Statistics / II:
Intensity Expressions and Factors Affecting Intensities / 3.9:
Intensity Statistics / 3.10:
I Optical and X-ray Examination of Crystals II Measurement of Intensity Data from Single Crystals / Chapter 4:
Optical and X-ray Examination of Crystals
Polarized Light / 4.1:
Optical Classification of Crystals / 4.3:
Single-Crystal X-ray Techniques / 4.4:
Recognition of Crystal System / 4.5:
Measurement of Intensity Data from Single Crystals
Intensity Measurements on Photographs / 4.6:
Single-Crystal X-ray Diffractometry / 4.7:
Area Detectors (Position-Sensitive Detectors) / 4.8:
Monochromators / 4.9:
Focusing Mirrors / 4.10:
Twinning / 4.11:
Fourier Series and Fourier Transforms / Chapter 5:
Image Formation and Focusing / 5.1:
Fourier Series / 5.2:
Fourier Series in X-ray Crystallography / 5.3:
Holes and Atoms / 5.4:
Generalized Fourier Transform / 5.5:
Practice with Transforms / 5.6:
Some General Properties of Transforms / 5.7:
Convolution / 5.8:
Structure Solution in Brief / 5.9:
Fourier Techniques in X-ray Structure Determination / Chapter 6:
Analysis of the Unit-Cell Contents / 6.1:
Interpretation of Electron Density Distributions / 6.3:
Methods of Solving the Phase Problem / 6.4:
Anomalous Scattering / 6.5:
Neutron Diffraction / 6.6:
Direct Methods and Refinement / Chapter 7:
Direct Methods of Phase Determination / 7.1:
Patterson Search Methods / 7.3:
Least-Squares Refinement / 7.4:
Molecular Geometry / 7.5:
Precision / 7.6:
Correctness of a Structure Analysis / 7.7:
Limitations of X-ray Structure Analysis / 7.8:
Disorder in Single Crystals / 7.9:
Computer Prediction of Crystal Structures / 7.10:
Examples of Crystal Structure Determination / Chapter 8:
Crystal Structure of 2-Bromobenzo[b]indeno[1,2-e]pyran / 8.1:
Crystal Structure of Potassium 2-Hydroxy-3,4-dioxocyclobut-1-ene-1-olate Monohydrate KHSO / 8.3:
Structure Analysis by X-ray and Neutron Diffraction / 8.4:
Determination of an Intermediate Size Crystal Structure Using Direct Methods / 8.5:
Concluding Remarks / 8.6:
X-ray Structure Determination with Powders / Chapter 9:
Basis of the Powder Method / 9.1:
Data Collection / 9.3:
Indexing Powder Patterns / 9.4:
Extracting Integrated Intensities from a Powder Pattern / 9.5:
Rietveld Refinement / 9.6:
Examples of Solved Structures / 9.7:
Powder Diffraction with Proteins / 9.8:
Proteins and Macromolecular X-ray Analysis / 9.9:
Crystallization of Proteins and Complexes for X-ray Analysis / 10.1:
Crystal Mounting for X-ray Data Collection / 10.3:
Macromolecular Crystallography / 10.4:
Types of Fourier Synthesis for Protein Analysis / 10.5:
Determination of the Phases for Protein Crystals / 10.6:
Siras and MAD Phasing / 10.7:
Use of Phase Information and Density Modification / 10.8:
Macromolecular Structure Refinement and Solvent and Ligand Fitting / 10.9:
Structure Validation: Final Checks / 10.10:
Geometry Validation: Final Checks / 10.11:
Computer-Aided Crystallography / Chapter 11:
Derivation of Point Groups (EULR*) / 11.1:
Point-Group Recognition (SYMM*) / 11.3:
Structure Determination Simulation (XRAY*) / 11.4:
Crystal Structure Analysis Problems / 11.5:
General Crystal Structure and Other Programs / 11.6:
Automatic Powder Indexing (ITO12*) / 11.7:
Automatic Powder Structure Solving (ESPOIR*) / 11.8:
Appendices
Stereoviews and Crystal Models / A1:
Analytical Geometry of Direction Cosines / A2:
Schonflies' Symmetry Notation / A3:
Rotation Matrices / A4:
Spherical Trigonometry / A5:
Trigonometrical Formulae / A6:
Cartesian Coordinates / A7:
The integral [function of superscript infinity subscript 0 (sin x)/x] dx / A8:
Gamma Function / A9:
Crystallographic Software / A10:
Tutorial Solutions
Index / Solutions 1:
Physical Constants and Other Numerical Data
Notation
Crystal Morphology and Crystal Symmetry / Chapter 1:
6.

図書

図書
Mark Ladd
出版情報: New York ; Tokyo : Ellis Horwood, 1994  xxi, 350 p. ; 25 cm
シリーズ名: Ellis Horwood series in physical chemistry
所蔵情報: loading…
7.

図書

図書
M. F. C. Ladd
出版情報: Chichester, Eng. : Ellis Horwood , New York : Halsted Press, 1979  326 p., [1] folded leaf of plates ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Ellis Horwood series in chemical science
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8.

図書

図書
Mark Ladd
出版情報: New York : Cambridge University Press, 1998  xix, 513 p. ; 26 cm
所蔵情報: loading…
目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface
Physical constants and other numerical data
Symbol notation
Structure, energy, mechanism / 1:
Atoms, molecules and their structures / 2:
Determination of structure / 3:
Energy and energetics / 4:
States of matter: gases and liquids / 5:
States of matter: solids / 6:
Phase rule and properties of solutions / 7:
Chemical equilibrium / 8:
Electrochemistry / 9:
Mechanisms of chemical reactions / 10:
Appendixes
Bibliography.
Preface
Physical constants and other numerical data
Symbol notation
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