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1.

図書

図書
Edited by Donald L. Sparks and Timothy J. Grundl
出版情報: Washington, DC : American Chemical Society, c1998  x, 438 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: ACS symposium series ; 715
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Introduction
Kinetics and Mechanisms of Reactions at the Mineral-Water Interface: An Overview / Timothy J. Grundl ; Donald L. Sparks1:
Spectroscopic-Microscopic Techniques
Use of X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy to Study Reaction Mechanisms at Metal Oxide-Water Interfaces / Gordon E. Brown, Jr. ; George A. Parks ; John R. Bargar ; Steven N. Towle2:
New Directions in Mineral Surface Geochemical Research Using Scanning Probe Microscopes / M.F. Hochella, Jr. ; J.F. Rakovan ; K.M. Rosso ; B.R. Bickmore ; E. Rufe3:
Atomic Force Microscopy as a Tool for Studying the Reactivities of Environmental Particles / Patricia A. Maurice4:
Digital Modeling
From Molecular Structure to Ion Adsorption Modelling / W.H. VanRiemsdijk ; T. Hiemstra5:
Interlayer Molecular Structure and Dynamics in Li-, Na-, and K-Montmorillonite-Water Systems / Fang-Ru Chou Chang ; N.T. Skipper ; K. Refson ; Jeffrey A. Greathouse ; Garrison Sposito6:
Sorption of Inorganic Species
Kinetics and Mechanisms of Metal Sorption at the Mineral-Water Interface / Andre M. Scheidegger ; Daniel G. Strawn ; Kirk G. Scheckel7:
Evaluation of Oxyanion Adsorption Mechanisms on Oxides Using FTIR Spectroscopy and Electrophoretic Mobility / D.L. Suarez ; S. Goldberg ; C. Su8:
Kinetics and Reversibility of Radiocesium Sorption on Illite and Sediments Containing Illite / Rob N.J. Comans9:
Sorption of Organic Species
A Revised Concept of Natural Organic Matter as a Sorbent of Organic Compounds / J.J. Pignatello10:
A Three-Domain Model for Sorption and Desorption of Organic Contaminants by Soils and Sediments / Walter J. Weber, Jr. ; Weilin Huang ; Eugene J. Leboeuf11:
Precipitation and Dissolution
Interfacial Kinetics Through the Lens of Solution Chemistry: Hydrolytic Processes at Oxide Mineral Surfaces / William H. Casey ; Brian L. Phillips ; Jan Nordin12:
Reactivity of Dissolved Mn(III) Complexes and Mn(IV) Species with Reductants: Mn Redox Chemistry Without a Dissolution Step? / George W. Luther, III ; David T. Ruppel ; Caroline Burkhard13:
Heterogeneous Electron Transfer
Degradations of Tetraphenylboron at Hydrated Smectite Surfaces Studied by Time Resolved IR and X-ray Absorption Spectroscopies / D.B. Hunter ; W.P. Gates ; P.M. Bertsch ; K.M. Kemner14:
The Role of Oxides in Reduction Reactions at the Metal-Water Interface / Michelle M. Scherer ; Barbara A. Balko ; Paul G. Tratnyek15:
The Reduction of Aqueous Metal Species on the Surfaces of Fe(II)-Containing Oxides: The Role of Surface Passivation / Art F. White ; Maria L. Peterson16:
Pollutant Reduction in Heterogeneous Fe(II)-Fe(III) Systems / Stefan B. Haderlein ; Klaus Pecher17:
Auto-Inhibition of Oxide Mineral Reductive Capacity Toward Co(II)EDTA / Scott Fendorf ; Phillip M. Jardine ; David L. Taylor ; Scott C. Brooks ; Elizabeth A. Rochette18:
Photochemical and Microbially Mediated Processes
Adsorption and Sensitization Effects in Photocatalytic Degradation of Trace Contaminants / T. David Waite ; Stephen J. Hug ; Andrew J. Feitz19:
Microbially Mediated Oxidative Precipitation Reactions / B.M. Tebo ; L.M. He20:
Introduction
Kinetics and Mechanisms of Reactions at the Mineral-Water Interface: An Overview / Timothy J. Grundl ; Donald L. Sparks1:
Spectroscopic-Microscopic Techniques
2.

図書

図書
prepared in cooperation with the American Society of Agronomy ; edited by A.G. Norman
出版情報: San Diego ; New York : Academic Press, 1949-  v. ; 24 cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Intermolecular Forces at the Interface of Biological and Mineralogical Particles
State of the Art on Soil-Related Geo-Medical Issues in the World Gaseous Emissions of Nitrogen From Grazed Pastures: Processes
Rice Functional Genomics: Large-Scale Gene Discovery and Applications to Crop Improvement
Measurements and Modeling
The Nature, Properties and Management of Volcanic Soils
Environmental Implications
Microarray Technology and Applications in Environmental Microbiology
and Mitigation Modeling Cadmium Uptake and Accumulation in Plants Variable Charge Soils: Their Mineralogy
The Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper (Piper nigrum L.) - The ""King of Spices""
Chemistry and Management Understanding and Reducing Lodging in Cereals Altering Fatty Acid Composition in Oil Seed Crops
Soil Mineral-Organic Matter-Microorganism Interactions: Fundamentals and Impacts
Low External Input Technologies for Livelihood
Intermolecular Forces at the Interface of Biological and Mineralogical Particles
State of the Art on Soil-Related Geo-Medical Issues in the World Gaseous Emissions of Nitrogen From Grazed Pastures: Processes
Rice Functional Genomics: Large-Scale Gene Discovery and Applications to Crop Improvement
3.

図書

図書
prepared in cooperation with the American Society of Agronomy ; edited by A.G. Norman
出版情報: San Diego ; New York : Academic Press, 1949-  v. ; 24 cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Contributors / R.K. Downey ; M.E. Sumner Frye ; J.T. Sims ; D.G. Schulze ; J.W. Doran ; K.M. Scow ; J.W. Dudley ; F.R. Magdoff ; P.K. Bretting ; R.P. Wise ; G. D. Bowen ; Robin D. GrahamCH 1:
Effects of Fumigants on Non-Target
Soil as a Source of Dust and Implications for Human Health / 1:
The Global Impact of Soil Erosion on Productivity
Geochemical Aspects of Phytosiderophore
Soil Redox Potential
Preface / K. Kumar
Organisms in Soils Sorghum Improvement
An Ecological Approach to Strengthen / S.P. McGrath ; R. Lal ; Daniel Hillel ; D.L. Karlen,
Promoted Iron Acquisition by Plants / I:
Gypsum and Acid Soils: The World Scene / S. Fiedler ; S.R. Rimmer
Quantitative Genetics and Plant Breeding / D.C. Wolf ; P.M. Bertsch ; M. Sarrantonio ; C.R. Johnson
Integrating Traditional and New Technology to Produce Improved Genotypes / L.E. Lanyon ; D.N. Duvick ; C.R. Bronson ; A. D. Rovira ; Ross M. Welch ; D.M. Sylvia
Weed Management in the Semiarid Great Plains
Absolute and Relative Erosion-Induced Yield Losses The Global Impact of Soil Erosion on Productivity
Taking Stock of the Brazilian
Critical Review of the Science and Options for Reducing Cadmium in Tobacco (nicotiana tabacum L.) and other plants / S. C. Gupta ; R.L. Blevins ; G.S.P. Ritchie ; S. Xu, G. Sheng ; H.P.S. Jayasundara
The Potential of Soils of the Tropics to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect / F.J. Zhao
Nutrient Management for Improving Lowland Rice Productivity and Sustainability / Cynthia Rosenzweig ; S.S. Andrews,
Zero Till Revolution / II:
Agronomic Improvement in Oilseed Brassicas / M. J. Vepraskas
Poultry Waste Management: Agricultural and Environmental Issues
Synchrotron X-Ray Techniques in Soil, Plant, and Environmental Research
Introduction / M.A. Liebig
Dynamic Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources / W.C. Liebhardt
The Rhizosphere and Its Management to Improve Plant Growth / P.S. Schnable
Impact of Grazing Animals on N2 Fixation in Legume-Based Pastures and Management / Howard E. Bouis ; D.O. Chellemi
Molecular Breeding of Groundnut for Enhanced Productivity and Food Security in the Semi-Arid Tropics: Opportunities and Challenges / 2:
Effects on Crop Yields and Production Over Time Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria: Applications and Perspectives in Agriculture Organic Matter
Mechanisms and Pathways of Trace Element
Rotations for the Twenty-First Century / Y. Chardler ; J.J. Fuhrmann ; W.W ; P.K. Sharma
Options for Improvement Seed Fill Duration and Yield of Grain Crops / G.W. Petersen ; S.B. Powles ; S.A. Boyd ; A. Jungk ; B.D. Thomson ; J. M. De la Fuente-Martinez
Desertification and Its Relation to Climate Variability and Change / E. Lombi ; Robin Matthews
Scale-Dependent Dispersion in Soils: An Overview
Accumulation in Submerged Soils Potassium Nutrition of the Rice-Wheat Cropping System
Mobility in Soils
Conservation Tillage: An Ecological Approach to Soil Management / J. L. Richardson
Soil Health and Sustainability / J.G. Davis
Nutrient Cycling Transformation and Flows: Implication for a More Sustainable Agriculture
Mitigation of Climatic Change by Soil Carbon Sequestration: Issues of Science, Monitoring and Degrading Lands / H.T. Horner
Interactions Among Root-Inhabiting Fungi and Their Implications for Biological Control of Root Pathogens
The Agronomy and Economy of Cardamom
Population Diversity Groupings of Soybean Bradyrhizobia / A. K. Singh
Use of Organoclays in Pollution Abatement / P.A. Peterson Buntin ; S.K. De Datta ; J.C. Bell ; S.D. Cunningham ; C. Preston
Phytoremediation of Metals, Metalloids, and Readionuclides / M.C. Shannon ; N. Claasen ; C. Tang ; L. Herrera-Estrella ; Dean A. Martens ; S.C.K. Milach
Soil Quality: Current Concepts and Applications / William Stephens ; Yan Jin
The Queen of Spices
Importance, Field Measurements, and Observations
The Role of Dissolution and Precipitation of Minerals in Controlling Soluble Aluminum in Acidic Soils / P.E. Fixen
Advances in Fertigation / G.S. McMaster
Increasing Rice Production in Sub-Saharan Africa
Antibiotics Use in Agriculture and Their Impact on the Terrestrial Environment
Transposable Elements in Maize: Their Role in Creating Genetic Variability
Rainwater Utilization Efficiency in Rainfed Lowland Rice
Adaptation of Plants to Salinity / J.P. Quirk ; K. McSweeney ; T.A. Anderson ; I.B. Bryan
Ion Diffusion in the Soil-Root System
Applications of Fractals to Soil Studies
Advances in the Understanding of Aluminum Toxicity and the Development of Aluminum-Tolerant Transgenic Plants / R. Naidu
Crop Responses to Chloride / Milkja S. Aulakh ; L.C. Federizzi ; Alessandro Piccolo ; Tim Hess ; Markus Flury ; Robert G. Ford, ; V. BalasubramanianCH 2:
Phenology, Development, and Growth of the Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Shoot Apex: A Review / J. Funderburk ; J.L. Richardson
Managing Plant Nutrients for Optimum Water Use Efficiency and Water Conservation / L.F. Elliott ; H.W.M. Hilhorst and P.E. Tooroop ; N.L.Taylor ; R. Kretzschmar ; D. Hillel ; R.J. Bartlett
Dwarfing Genes in Plant Improvement / G.A. Nielsen ; A.P. Schwab ; A.R. Jutsum ; R. Miedema ; R.R. Smith ; S. Naidu ; Reiner Wasserman
The Supramolecular Structure of Humic Substances: A Novel Understanding of Humus Chemistry and Implications in Soil Science
Fate and Transport of Viruses in Porous Media / Tabitha Middleton
Interparticle Forces: A Basis for the Interpretation of Soil Physical Behavior / Andreas C. Scheinost, ; M. Sie ; L. Higley ; J.L. Arndt
A Review on Dormancy, Germinability and Germination in Crop and Weed Seeds / D.A. Holt
Subject Index / M. Borkovec ; R. Harrison ; P. Vlek ; B.R. James3:
Herbicide Resistance: Impact and Management / P.C. Robert ; F.C. Hsu
Applications of Micromorphology of Relevance to Agronomy
The Influence of No-Till Cropping Systems on Microbial Relationships / P.D. Brown ; Kura Clover ; P. Jackson ; Heinz Rennenberg ; Huixiao Wang ; Anil Graves ; Jan W. Hopmans ; Donald L. Sparks ; R. J. Hijmans ; G.D ; J. Freeland ; L. Ma ; M.A. Sanderson
The Sustainability of Irrigation / D. Grolimund ; J. Webb
Redox Chemistry of Soils
Concepts and Directions in Arthropod Pest Management
Geographic Information Systems in Agronomy
Phytoremediation of Soils Contaminated with Organic Pollutants
Nitrogen Cycling Under Different Soil Management Systems / M.J. Morra ; R.G. McLaren
Applications of Crop/Soil Simulation Models in Tropical Agricultural Systems / Changming Liu
Frontiers in Metal Sorption/Precipitation Mechanisms on Soil Mineral Surfaces / Keith L. Bristow
Wetland Soils of the Prairie Potholes / K. Otsuka ; N.S. Pasricha ; G.J. WagnerCH 3:
USDA Plant Genome Research Program Participants, USDA Plant Genome Research Program
The Response of Cool Season Grain Legumes to Soil Abiotic Stresses / D.O. TeBeest ; H.M. Selim ; D.W. Stair
Methan Emissions from Rice Fields / M. Elimelech
A Review of the Effect of N Fertilizer Type on Gaseous Emissions
Practical Ethics in Agronomic Research / J. K. Ladha ; V.P. Evangelou ; M. Schnitzer
Control of Soil-Borne Pests Using Glucosinolate Containing Plants
Current Capabilities and Future Needs of Root Water and Nutrient Uptake Modeling / L.T. West ; M.E. Sumner ; E.A. Stockdale ; N. Amarger ; Lu Zhang ; F. Zhang
Challenges and Opportunities / Peter J. Hocking
Accumulation of Cadmium in Crop Plants and Its Consequences to Human Health. / R.L. Fox
Biological Control of Weeds with Plant Pathogens and Microbial Pesticides
Physical Nonequilibrium Modeling Approaches to Solute Transport in Soils
Mobile Subsurface Colloids and Their Role in Contaminant Transport / M.A. Hussey ; B.A. Stewart ; R.I. Barnhisel and J.M. Hower
Phosphate Reaction Dynamics in Soils and Soil Components / 4:
The Genetics, Pathology and Molecular Biology of T-Cytoplasm Male Sterility in Maize / H. Pathak ; J. Wang ; H.-R. Schulten ; F. Iyamuremye ; N.K. Savant ; F.H. Beinroth
Rhizobia in the Field / P.M. Haygarth ; N.H. Lampkin
Water-Saving Agriculture in China: An Overview
Organic Acids Exuded from Roots in Phosphorus Uptake and Aluminum Tolerance of Plants in Acid Soils / D.L. Smith ; N.K. Fageria
Plant Nutrient Sulfur in the Tropics and Subtropics / Y. Arai
Physiological and Morphological Responses to Perennial Forages to Stress
Coal Surface Mine Reclamation in the Eastern United States: The Revegetation of Disturbed Lands to Hayland/Pasture or Cropland / C.A. Robinson
Index / D.R. Parker
Chapter References / T. J. Krupnik
Analysis of Organic Matter in Soil Extracts and Whole Soils by Pyrolysis-Mass Spectrometry / R.E. Phillips
Interorganismal Signaling in Suboptimum Environments: The Legume-Rhizobia Symbiosis / R.P. Dick ; G.H. Snyder ; K.R. Reddy ; S. C. Jarvis ; M. Hovi ; E. Ben-Dor
Are Agroecosystems Sustainable in Semiarid Regions? / V.C. Baligar ; Volker Kleinhenz ; D. L. Sparks ; Soils. M. Lee
New Developments and Perspectives on Soil Potassium Quantity-Intensity (Q/I) Relationships / W.A. Norvell ; J. Six
Organic Amendments and Phosphorus Sorption
Transfer of Phosphorus from Agricultural Soils / L.E. Datnoff ; H.F.Hodges ; B.T. Kang
Quantitative Remote Sensing of Soil Properties / R. Keatinge
A Multi-Scale Approach / M.A. Chappell ; R.B. Clark ; David J. Midmore
Role of Metal-Organic Complexation in Metal Sorption / S.P. Loss
Application of Capillary Electrophoresis to Anion Speciation in Soil Water Extracts / Soils. J.S. Boyer ; J.M. McKinion
Ecological Agriculture in China / A. F. Bent
Silicon Management and Sustainable Rice Production / C. van Kessel ; R.D. Harter
Breeding, Culture, and Utilization
Micronutrients in Crop Production / T.R. Sinclair ; E.K.M. Lennartsson
Aspects of Bamboo Agronomy
Advances in Drought Tolerance in Plants / H. Wang ; K.H.M Siddique
Crop Modeling and Applications: A Cotton Example / R.R. Duncan
Efficiency of Fertilizer Nitrogen in Cereal Production: Retrospects and Prospects / J.-M. Bollag ; I.-C. Yu5:
Surface Chemistry and Function of Microbial Biofilms / N.W. Widstrom ; A.E. Johnston ; R.C. Muchow ; D.W. Macdonald
Morphological and Physiological Traits Associated with Wheat Yield Increases in Mediterranean Environments / Alfred E. Hartemink ; L. QinCH 4:
Tissue Culture-Induced Variation and Crop Improvement
Applications of Molecular Biology to Plant Disease and Insect Resistance / J. Dec
DNA Markers and Plant Breeding Programs / E. A. Siddiq
The Aflatoxin Problem with Corn Grain
The Value of Long-Term Field Experiments in Agricultural, Ecological, and Environmental Research / G. Bourgault
Advances in Solution Culture Methods for Plant Mineral Nutrition Research
Soil Science in Tropical and Temperate Regions- Some Differences and Similarities / S. Padel ; D.C.E. Wurr
Managing World Soils for Food Security and Environmental Quality
Ultisols: Characteristics and Impacts on Society / L. Huang ; A.J. Beck ; P.M. Huang ; M. Silgram ; S. Singh ; A.G. Journel ; F.H. Tattersall ; J.R. Fellows ; B.A. Kimball ; S.P. Hoad, ; L. Zhang Cotton ; R.E. Alcock6:
Wide Compatibility Systems and its Exploitation for Yield Enhancement in Rice / M.A. Shepherd
Formation Mechanisms of Complex Organic Structures in Soil Habitats / J.D. Rhoades
Principles and Application / M.S. Wolfe ; K. Phelps ; K. Kobayashi ; G. Russell,
Radiation Use Efficiency / S.C. WilsonCH 5:
The Effects of Cultivation on Soil Nitrogen Mineralization / W. T. Pettigrew ; N. C. Turner ; D.L. Corwin
Crop Scheduling and Prediction-Principles and Opportunities with Field Vegetables / C.A. Watson
Responses of Agricultural Crops to Free-Air CO2 Enrichment / M. Binidi ; M.E. Lucas, ; M.-J. Wang ; T. J. Gerik ; S. L. Davies ; S.M. Lesh ; Craig D. Phelps
Leaf Photosynthesis and Carbon Metabolism / I.J. Bingham ; S.R. Wild7:
Geostatistical Analysis of a Soil Salinity Data Set / J. A. Plummer
The Management of Wheat, Barley, and Oat Root Systems / L.Y. Young ; M.C. Robson
Agronomic and Environmental Implications of Organic Farming Systems / G. S. Bilotta ; A.P. Sewart ; N.C. Turner ; K. H. M. Siddique
Further Progress in Crop Water Relations / S.M. Fowler ; R. E. Brazier ; K.C. Jones
Biodegradation of BTEX Under Anaerobic Conditions: A Review
Seed Filling in Grain Legumes (Pulses) Under Water Deficits with Emphasis on Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
Long-Term Persistence of Organic Chemicals in Sewage Sludge-Amended Agricultural Land: A Soil Quality Perspective / P. M. Haygarth
The Impacts of Grazing Animals on the Quality of Soils, Vegetation, and Surface Waters in Intensively Managed Grasslands / D.A. Knauft ; C. Leifert
Peanut Breeding and Genetics / J.C. Wynne ; M. Leitch
References / D. Robinson
The Agronomic and Economic Potential of Break Crops for Ley/Arable Rotations in Temperate Organic Agriculture / A.M. Litterick
Intermolecular Forces at the Interface of Biological and Mineralogical Particles
State of the Art on Soil-Related Geo-Medical Issues in the World Gaseous Emissions of Nitrogen From Grazed Pastures: Processes
Rice Functional Genomics: Large-Scale Gene Discovery and Applications to Crop Improvement
Measurements and Modeling
The Nature, Properties and Management of Volcanic Soils
Environmental Implications
Microarray Technology and Applications in Environmental Microbiology
and Mitigation Modeling Cadmium Uptake and Accumulation in Plants Variable Charge Soils: Their Mineralogy
The Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper (Piper nigrum L.) - The ""King of Spices""
Chemistry and Management Understanding and Reducing Lodging in Cereals Altering Fatty Acid Composition in Oil Seed Crops
Soil Mineral-Organic Matter-Microorganism Interactions: Fundamentals and Impacts
Low External Input Technologies for Livelihood
The Emerging Global Water Crisis: Managing Scarcity and Conflict Between Water Users / William A. Jury ; Henry J. Vaux, Jr.
Signs of the Coming Crisis / A:
Population and Food Production Trends / B:
The Global Freshwater Resource / C:
Pollution and Human Health / D:
Challenges in Optimizing Water Use / E:
The Present Global Water Situation
Water Use by Sectors
Water-Scarce and Water-Stressed Countries
Drinking Water, Sanitation, and Waterborne Disease
Chemical Contamination in Water
Water for Ecosystems
Groundwater Overdraft / F:
Population Trends and Water Stresses / III:
Water-Short and Water-Stressed Countries
Urbanization Trends
Industrial and Municipal Water Demands
Transboundary Issues
Projected Water Deficit Under Business as Usual Practices
Threats to Ecosystem Health
The Wild Card of Climate Change / G:
Dimensions of Water Scarcity / IV:
Water Savings Through Conservation
Expansion and Improvement of Irrigation
Productivity Improvements in Rainfed Agriculture
Economic Methods for Water Supplementation in Developing Countries
Desalination
Improvements Through Institutional Changes
Paths to Sustainability / V:
Ending Unsustainable Practices
Management Strategies
Agriculture and Water Management in the Developing World
Societal Changes
Conclusions / VI:
Beyond Structural Genomics for Plant Science / Richard A. Dixon ; Joseph H. Bouton ; Brindha Narasimhamoorthy ; Malay Saha ; Zeng-Yu Wang ; Gregory D. May
Sequenced Genomes, Model Systems, and Comparative Genomics
A. thaliana
Rice
Poplar
Medicago truncatula and Lotus japonicus
Genetic Resources for Functional Genomics
Transcriptomics, Proteomics, and Metabolomics
Approaches for Transcript Profiling
Proteomics
Metabolomic Analysis
Molecular Markers
Marker Types
Molecular Genetic Maps
Genomics for Generation of Molecular Markers
Metabolomic-Based "Markers"
Advantages of Marker-Assisted Breeding
Transgenesis
Transgenesis as a Tool for Functional Genomics
Current Approaches to the Generation of Transgenic Plants
Strategies for Overcoming Recalcitrance of Crop Species to Genetic Transformation
Transgenesis for Trait Integration and Commercialization
Virus-Induced Gene Silencing as an Alternative to Stable Transformation for Functional Genomics
Tilling as an Alternative to Transgenesis for Gene Knockdowns
Case Studies for Alfalfa Improvement
Improvement of Aluminum Tolerance
Gene Discovery and Metabolic Engineering for Forage Quality Enhancement
Issues for Molecular Development of Alfalfa
The Future: Bridging the Gap from Models to Crops / VII:
The Future Technologies, Opportunities, and Challenges / VIII:
Acknowledgments
The Molecularization of Public Sector Crop Breeding: Progress, Problems, and Prospects / Sangam L. Dwivedi ; Jonathan H. Crouch ; David J. Mackill ; Yunbi Xu ; Matthew W. Blair ; Michel Ragot ; Hari D. Upadhyaya ; Rodomiro Ortiz
Introduction to Global Food Production and Major Breeding Challenges
Development of Markers for Assisting Selection
Genetic Resources
Genomic Resources
Genetic Linkage Map
Marker-Trait Associations from Analysis of Diverse Germplasm
Marker Validation and Refinement
Markers for Simply Inherited Traits
QTL Marker for Complex Traits
Successful Applications of Marker-Assisted Genetic Enhancement in Public Sector Breeding Programs
Resistance to Biotic Stresses
Tolerance to Abiotic Stresses
Agronomic and Seed Quality Traits
Specific Challenges for Alien Gene Introgression
Successful Application of Marker-Assisted Genetic Enhancement in Private Sector Breeding Programs
Impact of Marker-Assisted Genetic Enhancement
Enhanced Selection Power
Reduced Cost, Increased Feasibility, Time Savings, and Parental Selection
Overview of Products from Molecular Breeding
Approaches to Enhance the Efficiency and Scope of Molecular Breeding
Studying the Molecular Basis of Heterosis
Fine-Mapping, Cloning, and Pyramiding of QTL Associated with Improved Agronomic Traits
Expression QTL Mapping
Simulation and Modeling of MAS
The Role of Computational Systems in Molecular Breeding Programs
Germplasm Evaluation
Managing Breeding Populations
Genetic Map Construction
Identifying Marker-Trait Associations
Marker-Assisted Selection
GEI Analysis
Breeding Design and Simulation
Information Management and Integrated Tools / H:
Future Prospects for the Molecularization of Public Crop Improvement / IX:
Breeding Crops for Durable Resistance to Disease / D. D. Stuthman ; K. J. Leonard ; J. Miller-Garvin
Importance of Reliable Disease Resistance in Major Crops
Causes of Plant Disease Epidemics (The Disease Triangle)
Examples of Plant Disease in Natural Populations
Concepts of Resistance to Plant Disease Useful in Breeding Efforts
A Pragmatic Approach
Classification of Types of Resistance from a Breeder's Perspective
What Makes Disease Resistance Durable?
Resistance in Wild Plant Species
Impact of Agriculture on Resistance
Efforts to Delay Breakdown of Inherently Transient Resistance
Examples of Durable Monogenic Resistance
Durability of Polygenic Resistance
Examples of Effective Polygenic Resistance
Maize
Wheat
Barley
Potato
Classical Breeding Approaches
Recurrent Selection
Pedigree Breeding
Perennial Species
Molecular Approaches
Genetic Transformation
Summary
Pathogens in Biosolids / Ian L. Pepper ; John P. Brooks ; Charles P. Gerba
Biosolids: A Historical Perspective and Current Outlook
The Nature of Wastewater (Sewage)
Wastewater (Sewage) Treatment
Class A Versus Class B Biosolids
Removal of Pathogens by Sewage Treatment Processes
Pathogens of Concern in Class B Biosolids
Bacteria
Enteric Viruses
Protozoan Pathogens
Helminths
Other Biological Concerns in Biosolids
Pathogen Transport and Survival in Soil, Water, and Air
Exposure via Soil and Groundwater
Exposure via Air
Risk-Based Evaluation of the Potential Hazards Posed by Pathogens in Biosolids
On-Site Exposure from Land-Applied Biosolids
On-Site Exposure to Workers via Bioaerosols Generated During Land Application of Biosolids
Off-Site Exposure of Bioaerosols to Residents in Communities Close to Land Application Sites
Public Perceptions of Land Application of Biosolids with Respect to Pathogens
Future Research Needs
Advances in Crop Water Management Using Capacitive Water Sensors / A. Fares ; V. Polyakov
Capacitance Soil Water Content Measuring Systems
Principle of Operation
Equipment Design
Installation
Data Logging and Displaying
Calibration
Application of Capacitance as Water Management Devices: Irrigation Scheduling for Different Crops
Determination of Soil Water Physical Properties
Field Soil Water Storage
Field Unsaturated Hydraulic Conductivity
Spatial and Temporal Distributions of Soil Physical Properties
Use of MCP to Calculate Different Field Water Cycle Components
Plant Water Use
Drainage Below the Root Zone
Effective Rainfall
Effect of Fluctuation of Soil Temperature and Soil Salinity on the Performance of MCP
Synchrotron Radiation Infrared Spectromicroscopy: A Noninvasive Chemical Probe for Monitoring Biogeochemical Processes / H.-Y. N. Holman ; M. C. Martin
SR-FTIR Spectromicroscopy
Background
Synchrotron IR Light Sources
Synchrotron IR Spectromicroscopy of Biogeochemical Systems
Biogeochemical Processes Measured by SR-FTIR Spectromicroscopy
Instrumentation
Spectral Analysis
Application Examples
Future Possibilities and Requirements
Development and Testing of "On-Farm" Seed Priming / D. Harris
The Problem
Inadequate Crop Stands
Factors Affecting Crop Establishment
Simple Ways to Improve Crop Establishment
Seed Quality
Timely Sowing
Depth of Sowing
Dry Planting
Transplanting Seedlings
Seed Priming
"On-Farm" Seed Priming
In Vitro Investigations of Rate and Extent of Germination
In Vitro Emergence and Early Seedling Growth
Research Station Studies
On-Farm Studies
Added Value: Improved Crop Nutrition
Added Value: Increased Pest and Disease Resistance
Thermodynamic Modeling of Metal Adsorption onto Bacterial Cell Walls: Current Challenges / Jeremy B. Fein
Mechanistic Studies of Cell Wall Adsorption
Partitioning Relationships Versus Surface Complexation Modeling
Constraints on Bacterial Cell Wall-Protonation Reactions
Constraints on Mechanisms of Metal Adsorption onto Bacteria
Challenges in Applying Surface Complexation Models to Real Systems
Concluding Remarks
Alfalfa Winter Hardiness: A Research Retrospective and Integrated Perspective / Yves Castonguay ; Serge Laberge ; E. Charles Brummer ; Jeffrey J. Volenec
Morphological and Developmental Bases of Winter Survival
Crown Depth, Root Morphology, and Winter Survival
Fall Dormancy and the Acquisition of Freezing Tolerance
Impact of Environmental Factors on Alfalfa-Freezing Tolerance
Molecular Bases of Winter Survival: Current Understanding and Emerging Concepts
Tolerance to Freeze-Induced Desiccation and Cold Hardiness of Alfalfa
Cold-Induced Accumulation of Cryoprotective Sugars
Amino Acids
Modification of Gene Expression at Low Temperature
The Genetic Bases of Cold Adaptation in Alfalfa
Genetic Variability for Freezing Tolerance
Conventional Genetic Selection for Improved Winter Hardiness and Freezing Tolerance
Conceptual Approach to the Genetic Control of Freezing Tolerance in Alfalfa
Projecting Yield and Utilization Potential of Switchgrass as an Energy Crop / Samuel B. McLaughlin ; James R. Kiniry ; Charles M. Taliaferro ; Daniel De La Torre Ugarte
Projecting Yield Gains in Switchgrass Relative to Maize
Breeding History of Maize
Breeding Gains with Perennial Grasses Including Switchgrass
Potential Yields of Maize and Switchgrass
Whole Plant Production in Maize and Switchgrass
Projecting Switchgrass Performance in Time and Space with the ALMANAC Model
Physiological and Ecological Traits of Switchgrass
Parametrization of the ALMANAC Model
Simulated Yields from ALMANAC Versus Actual Yields Within the Region
Assessing Economic Impacts of Widespread Deployment of Switchgrass in a National Bioenergy Program
Comparative Typology in Six European Low-Intensity
Systems of Grassland Management Water Flow in the Roots of Crop Species
The Influence of Root Structure, Aquaporin Activity and Waterlogging
Ecology of Denitrifying Prokaryotes in Agricultural
Soil Strategies of Plants to Adapt to Mineral Stresses in Problem Soils Microbial
Ecology of Methanogens and Methanotrophs in Rice Fields
Phytoremediation of Sodic and Saline-Sodic
Soils Linking
Soil Organisms Within Food Webs to Ecosystem
Functioning and Environmental Change
Influence of Coupled Processes on Contaminant Fate and Transport in Subsurface Environments / Philip M. Jardine
Introduction and Rationale
Chapter Objectives and Outline
General Overview on the Impact of Coupled Processes on Subsurface Fate and Transport
Influence of Coupled Processes on Inorganic Contaminant Fate and Transport
Influence of Coupled Processes on Organic Contaminant Fate and Transport
Uptake and Fate of Perchlorate in Higher Plants / Angelia L. Seyfferth ; David R. Parker
Perchlorate Levels in Plants
Perchlorate Uptake Studies
Conclusions and Future Research
Sugarcane for Bioethanol: Soil and Environmental Issues
Changes in Soil Chemical Properties
Changes in Soil Physical Properties
Changes in Soil Biological Properties
Environmental Issues
Discussion and Conclusions
Iron Dynamics in the Rhizosphere: Consequences for Plant Health and Nutrition / A. Robin ; G. Vansuyt ; P. Hinsinger ; J. M. Meyer ; J. F. Briat ; P. Lemanceau
Iron Status in Soils and Rhizospheres
Impact of Plants and Microorganisms on the Iron Status
Iron-Mediated Interactions in the Rhizosphere
Geochemistry of Green Rusts and Fougerite: A Reevaluation of Fe cycle in Soils / Fabienne Trolard ; Guilhem Bourrie
Iron as the Main Biogeochemical Marker of Gleyey Soils
Methods for Study of Redox State of Iron in Soil Solutions
Methods for Study of Redox State of Iron in Soil Solids
Field Evidence of Fe[superscript 2+] Mobility in Solution and Seasonal Dynamics
Structure of Synthetic Green Rusts
Structure of Fougerite Mineral
Direct Identification of Fougerite Mineral by Decomposition of XRD Spectra and Nature of the Interlayer Anion in Fougeres-Fougerite / 8:
Thermodynamic Modeling / 9:
Fe Control in Solution by Mixed Fe(II)-Fe(III) Minerals/Solution Equilibria / 10:
Redox Interactions Between Iron and Other Elements in Relationship with the Occurrence of GRs / 11:
Biotic Interaction / 12:
Geochemical Significance and Place of Fougerite in Iron Oxide Family / 13:
Advances in Isotopic Dilution Techniques in Trace Element Research: A Review of Methodologies, Benefits, and Limitations / Rebecca E. Hamon ; Enzo Lombi
The Isotopic Dilution Principle
Methodologies
Uncertainties and Sources of Errors
Interpretation of E-Values
Interpretation of L-Values
Future Applications
Ameliorating Soil Acidity of Tropical Oxisols by Liming For Sustainable Crop Production / N. K. Fageria ; V. C. Baligar
Distribution and Characteristics of Oxisols
Beneficial Effects of Liming
Disadvantages of Overliming
Factors Affecting Lime Requirements
Criteria to Determine Liming Material Quantity
Methods, Frequency, Depth, and Timing of Lime Application
Acknowledgment
Advances in Precision Conservation / Jorge A. Delgado ; Joseph K. Berry
Geospatial Technologies
Identifying Spatial Patterns and Relationships
Field Level Flows
Connection of Field with Off-Site Transport
Watershed Scale Considerations
Current Applications and Trends
Summary and Conclusions
Reaction and Transport of Arsenic in Soils: Equilibrium and Kinetic Modeling / Hua Zhang ; H. M. Selim
Environmental Toxicity
Arsenic in Soils
Biogeochemistry
Transport in Soils
Modeling
Remediation of Contaminated Soils
Summary and a Look Ahead
Crop Residue Management for Lowland Rice-Based Cropping Systems in Asia / Bijay-Singh ; Y. H. Shan ; S. E. Johnson-Beebout ; Yadvinder-Singh ; R. J. Buresh
Criteria for Evaluating Crop Residue Management Options
Type and Abundance of Crop Residues
Existing and Emerging Residue Management Options
Evaluation of Options with Residues Managed During a Rice Crop
Evaluation of Options with Residues Managed During a Non-Flooded Crop
Crop Residue and Bioenergy Options
Sampling and Measurement of Ammonia at Animal Facilities / Ji-Qin Ni ; Albert J. Heber
A General View of Ammonia Determination
Ammonia Sampling
Ammonia Concentration Measurement
Measurement Methods and Devices
Ammonia Concentration Data
Will Stem Rust Destroy the World's Wheat Crop? / Ravi P. Singh ; David P. Hodson ; Julio Huerta-Espino ; Yue Jin ; Peter Njau ; Ruth Wanyera ; Sybil A. Herrera-Foessel ; Richard W. Ward
Stem Rust Disease, Pathogen, and Epidemiology
Breeding for Resistance
Race Ug99 and Why it is a Potential Threat to Wheat Production
Breeding Strategies to Mitigate the Threat from Ug99 and Achieve a Long-Term Control of Stem Rust
Conclusion and Future Outlook
Genetic Improvement of Forage Species to Reduce the Environmental Impact of Temperate Livestock Grazing Systems / M. T. Abberton ; A. H. Marshall ; M. W. Humphreys ; J. H. Macduff ; R. P. Collins ; C. L. Marley
Reducing Diffuse Nitrogenous Pollution of Watercourses
Reducing P Pollution of Watercourses
Reducing Emissions to Air
Improving Soil Quality and Reducing Flood Damage
Enhancing Persistency and Resilience
Enhancing C Sequestration in Grasslands
Future Prospects
Mutagenesis and High-Throughput Functional Genomics in Cereal Crops: Current Status / H. S. Balyan ; N. Sreenivasulu ; O. Riera-Lizarazu ; P. Azhaguvel ; S. F. Kianian
Insertional Mutagenesis
Non-Transgenic Tilling, Dealing, and Deleteagene Approaches
Phenomics Platform for Screening Mutagenized Population
Outlook
Dissolved Organic Matter: Biogeochemistry, Dynamics and Environmental Significance in Soils / N. S. Bolan ; D. C. Adriano ; A. Kunhikrishnan ; T. James ; R. McDowell ; N. Senesi
Genomic Selection in Plant Breeding: Knowledge and Prospects / A. J. Lorenz ; S. Chao ; F. G. Asoro ; E. L. Heffner ; T. Hayashi ; H. Iwata ; K. P. Smith ; M. E. Sorrells ; J-L. Jannink
Differences of Some Leguminous and Non-leguminous Crops in Utilization of Soil Phosphorus and Responses to Phosphate Fertilizers / S-X. Li ; Z-H. Wang ; B. A. Stewart
The Role of Mineral Nutrition on Root Growth of Crop Plants / A. Moreira
Physiology of Spikelet Development on the Rice Panicle: Is Manipulation of Apical Dominance Crucial for Grain Yield Improvement? / P. K. Mohapatra ; R. Panigrahi
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli: The 20TH Century's Emerging Foodborne Pathogen A Review / Stelios Viazis ; Francisco Diez-Gonzalez
Flue Gas Desulfurization (FGD) Product Use on Agricultural Land / R. B. Clark ; R. F. Korcak ; R. J. Wright
High temperature effects on rice growth, yield, and GRAIN quality / P. Krishnan¶ ; B. Ramakrishnan ; K. Raja Reddy ; V. R. Reddy
Aerobic Rice Systems / Rajendra Prasad
Drought Tolerance: Roles of Organic Osmolytes, Growth Regulators and Mineral Nutrients / M. Ashraf ; N. A. Akram ; F. Al-Qurainy ; M. R. Foolad
Direct-Seeding Of Rice: Recent Developments And Future Research Needs / Virender Kumar ; Jagdish K. Ladha
A review of quantitative tools for assessing the diffuse pollution response to farmer adaptations and mitigation methods under climate change / Anita Shepherd ; Lianhai Wu ; David Chadwick ; Roland Bol
Nitrogen Dynamics and Indices to Predict Soil Nitrogen Supply in Humid Temperate Soils / Mervin St. Luce ; Joann K. Whalen ; Noura Ziadi ; Bernie J. Zebarth
Biochar Application to Soil: Agronomic and Environmental Benefits and Unintended Consequences / R. S. Kookana ; A. K. Sarmah ; L. Van Zwieten ; E. Krull ; B. Singh
Phytostabilization: A Green Approach To Contaminant Containment / Nanthi S. Bolan ; Jin Hee Park ; Brett Robinson ; Ravi Naidu ; Keun Young Huh
Synergism: A Rotation Effect of Improved Growth Efficiency / Randy L. Anderson
Quantifying Processes of Pedogenesis
Irrigation Waters as a Source of Pathogenic Microorganisms in Produce: A Review
Quo vadis Soil Organic Matter Research? - A Biological Link to the Chemistry of Humification
Zeolites and Their Potential Uses in Agriculture
Proximal Soil Sensing: A Spectrum of Possibilities
The Role of Knowledge When Studying Innovation and the Associated Wicked Sustainability Problems in Agriculture
Crop Yield Increase Under Water Limited Conditions: Review of Recent Physiological Advances in Soybean Genetic Improvement
Maize Production in a Changing Climate: Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies
Environmental Chemistry of Silver in Soils: Current and Historic Perspectives
Significance of Phosphorus for Agriculture and the Environment in the West Asia and North Africa Region
Sensing Soil Properties in the Laboratory, in situ and on-line - A Review
A Decision Support Framework for Effective Design and Placement of Vegetated Buffer Strips within Agricultural Field Systems
Biological Nitrification Inhibition (BNI) - A Novel Strategy to Regulate Nitrification in Agricultural Systems
How Much Nutritional Iron Deficiency in Humans Globally is Due to an Underlying Zinc Deficiency? / R. D. Graham ; M. Knez ; R. M. Welch
The Effects of Climate Change on the Mobilization of Diffuse Substances from Agricultural Systems / C. J. A. Macleod ; P. D. Falloon ; R. Evans
Greenhouse Gas Mitigation with Agricultural Land Management Activities in the United States - A Side-by-side Comparison of Biophysical Potential / A. J. Eagle ; L. P. Olander
The Role of Abiotic and Coupled Biotic/Abiotic Mineral Controlled Redox Processes in Nitrate Reduction / C. J. Matocha ; P. Dhakal ; S. M. Pyzola
A Critical Review of the Influence of Wastewater Irrigation on the Transformation and Bioavailability of Heavy Metal(loid)s in Soil / S. Laurenson ; K. Mueller ; Won-Il Kim
Development and Rapid Adoption of Submergence-Tolerant (Sub1) Rice Varieties / D. J. Mackill ; A. M. Ismail ; U. S. Singh ; R. V. Labios ; T. R. Paris
Integrated Nutrient Management for Food Security and Environmental Quality in China / Z. Cui ; X. Chen ; X. Ju ; J. Shen ; Q. Chen ; X. Liu ; W. Zhang ; G. Mi ; M. Fan ; R. Jiang
Effect of Climate Change Factors on Processes of Crop Growth and Development and Yield of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) / U. Kumar ; P. Singh ; K. J. Boote
Agricultural Practices in Oil Palm Plantations and Their Impact on Hydrological Changes, Nutrient Fluxes and Water Quality in Indonesia: A Review / I. Comte ; F. Colin ; J. K. Whalen ; O. Grunberger ; J.-P. Caliman
Pathways to Agroecological Intensification of Soil Management by Smallholder Farmers in the Andean Highlands / S. J. Fonte ; S. J. Vanek ; P. Oyarzun ; S. Parsa ; D. C. Quintero ; I. M. Rao ; P. Lavelle
Rethinking Internal Phosphorus Utilization Efficiency (PUE): A New Approach is Needed to Improve PUE in Grain Crops / T. J. Rose ; M. Wissuwa
Computer Simulation in Plant Breeding / X. Li ; C. Zhu ; J. Yu
Mitigating Nonpoint Source Pollution in Agriculture with Constructed and Restored Wetlands / A. T. O'Geen ; R. Budd ; J. Gan ; J. J. Maynard ; S. J. Parikh ; R. A. Dahlgren
Mitigating Pollution with Wetlands
Suspended Sediment
Pesticides
Nitrogen(N)
Phosphorus(P)
Dissolved Organic Matter
Trace Metals
Pathogens
Other Water-Quality Constituents
Design and Management
How the Plant Growth-Promoting Bacterium Azospirillum Promotes Plant Growth-A Critical Assessment / Yoav Bashan ; Luz E. de-Bashan
Major Mechanisms
Other Proposed Mechanisms
Concluding Remarks and a Proposal
Manufactured Nanoparticles and their Sorption of Organic Chemicals / Bo Pan ; Baoshan Xing
Occurrence, Characterizations, Structures, Properties of Manufactured Nanoparticles
Colloidal Behaviors of Manufactured Nanoparticles
Adsorption Mechanism of Organic Chemicals on Manufactured Nanoparticles
Manufactured Nanoparticle Sorption Properties as Affected by NOM
Environmental Mobility of Organic Chemicals and Manufactured Nanoparticles as Affected by Adsorption
Environmental Exposure and Risk of Organic Chemicals and Manufactured Nanoparticles as Affected by Adsorption
Summary and Perspectives
Restoring Soil Fertility in Sub-Sahara Africa / Bekunda Mateete ; Sanginga Nteranya ; Woomer Paul L.
Fertility Status of SSA Soils
Impact of Smallholder Farming on Soil Fertility
Technologies for Mitigating Soil Fertility Degradation
Continuing Concerns: External Controlling Factors
Lessons Learned and Way Forward
Carbon Sequestration in Agroforestry Systems / P. K. Ramachandran Nair ; Vimala D. Nair ; B. Mohan Kumar ; Julia M. Showalter
Agroforestry
Carbon Sequestration in Agroforestry Systems: Concepts and Mechanisms
Carbon Sequestration in Agroforestry Systems: Measurements
Carbon Sequestration in Agroforestry Systems: Management Considerations
Climate Warming-Induced Intensification of the Hydrologic Cycle: An Assessment of the Published Record and Potential Impacts on Agriculture / Thomas G. Huntington
Significance of an Intensification of the Hydrologic Cycle
Trends in Hydrologic Variables
Mount Pinatubo: The Natural Experiment in Aerosol Optical Depth
Hydrologic Responses to Intensification-Extreme Events (Including Droughts)
Potential Impacts on Agriculture
Extent, Impact, and Response to Soil and Water Salinity in Arid and Semiarid Regions / Karuppan Sakadevan ; Minh-Long Nguyen
Soil Salinity
Water Salinity
Responding to Soil and Water Salinity
The African Green Revolution: Results from the Millennium Villages Project / Generose Nziguheba ; Cheryl A. Palm ; Tadesse Berhe ; Glenn Denning ; Ahmed Dicko ; Omar Diouf ; Willy Diru ; Rafael Flor ; Fred Frimpong ; Rebbie Harawa ; Bocary Kaya ; Elikana Manumbu ; John McArthur ; Patrick Mutuo ; Mbaye Ndiaye ; Amadou Niang ; Phelire Nkhoma ; Gerson Nyadzi ; Jeffrey Sachs ; Clare Sullivan ; Gebrekidan Teklu ; Lekan Tobe ; Pedro A. Sanchez
Description of the Village Clusters
Methodology
Results
Discussion and Way Forward
Interactions Among Agricultural Production and Other Ecosystem Services Delivered from European Temperate Grassland Systems / Emma S. Pilgrim ; Christopher J. A. Macleod ; Martin S. A. Blackwell ; David V. Hogan ; David R. Chadwick ; Laura Cardenas ; Tom H. Misselbrook ; Philip M. Haygarth ; Richard E. Brazier ; Phil Hobbs ; Chris Hodgson ; Steve Jarvis ; Jennifer Dungait ; Phil J. Murray ; Les G. Firbank
Methods
Interpreting the Interactions
Future Perspectives
Halting the Groundwater Decline in North-West India-Which Crop Technologies will be Winners? / E. Humphreys ; S. S. Kukal ; E. W. Christen ; G. S. Hira ; Balwinder-Singh ; Sudhir-Yadav ; R. K. Sharma
The Hydrogeology and Development of Irrigation in North-West India
Water Sources, Sinks, Depletion, and Savings
Effects of Improved Technologies on Yield, the Nature and Amount of Water Savings, and Water Productivity
General Discussion
Acknowledgements
Biological Control of Insect Pests in Agroecosystems: Effects of Crop Management, Farming Systems, and Seminatural Habitats at the Landscape Scale: A Review / Adrien Rusch ; Muriel Valantin-Morison ; Jean-Pierre Sarthou ; Jean Roger-Estrade
Arthropod Dynamics and Trophic Interactions within the Agricultural Landscape
The Role of Seminatural Habitats on Pest and Natural Enemy Populations
Natural Enemy Biodiversity and Insect Pest Suppression
Effects of Crop Management on Pests and their Natural Enemies
General Effects of Farming Systems on Natural Enemy Biodiversity, Pests, and Subsequent Biological Control
Integrating Farming Systems, Crop Management and Landscape Context to Understand Biological Control Mechanisms
Radiation Hybrid (RH) Mapping in Crop Plants
Impact of Pesticides on Soil Microbial Diversity
Enzymes and Biochemical Reactions
Informatics in Agricultural Research for Development Biomedical Agriculture
A Systematic Approach to Food Crop Improvement for Chronic Disease
Prevention Regional Vulnerability of Climate
Change Impacts on Asian Rice Production and Scope for Adaptation
Soil Sulphur Cycling in Temperate Agricultural Systems
Recent Developments of Fertilizer Production and Use to Improve Nutrient Efficiency and Minimize Environmental Impacts
Effects on Crop Production, and Nutrient and Water
Use Efficiency in Dryland Areas of China
Strategies for Producing More Rice with Less
Water Legume-Wheat Rotation Effects on Residual
Soil Moisture, Nitrogen and Wheat Yield in Tropical
Regions Soil Organic Matter: Its Importance in Sustainable
Agriculture and Carbon Dioxide Fluxes
Informatics in Agricultural Research for Development
The Agronomy and Economy of Some Important Industrial Crops
Dr. Norman E. Borlaug: Twentieth Century Lessons for the Twenty-First Century World / Kenneth M. Quinn
Iowa Roots
Minnesota and a Focus on Plant Pathology and Wheat
Confronting Poverty in Mexico
India, Pakistan, and the Green Revolution
The Impact in Asia
The Nobel Peace Prize
Bringing the Green Revolution to Africa
The World Food Prize
Inspiring the Leaders of Tomorrow
A Lasting Global Legacy
Extraordinary Recognition for a Humble Man
Contaminants as Tracers for Studying Dynamics of Soil Formation: Mining an Ocean of Opportunities / Jonatan Klaminder ; Kyungsoo Yoo
Outlining the Quest for New Tracers of Soil Formation
Atmospherically Derived Lead and SCPs: Tracers of What?
Constraining Mass Fluxes Involved in Geochemical Evolution of Soils
Lead and SCP as a Tracer of Organic Matter Dynamics
Epigenetics: The Second Genetic Code / Nathan M. Springer ; Shawn M. Kaeppler
Molecular Mechanisms of Epigenetic Inheritance
Epigenetic Phenomena in Plants
Epigenetic Inheritance and Crop Improvement
Microbial Distribution in Soils: Physics and Scaling / I. M. Young ; J. W. Crawford ; N. Nunan ; W. Otten ; A. Spiers
Soil as a Habitat
What Characteristics of Structure Matter and Why?
Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Microbes
Habitat-Biofilm Interactions
Habitat-Microbe Interactions
Future
Nanoscale Particles and Processes: A New Dimension in Soil Science / Patricia A. Maurice ; Michael F. Hochella
Nanoscience as a Key Element of Soil Science
Nanoparticles and Nanominerals
Nanoparticles in Soils
Some Nano-scale Techniques for Soils Applications
The Unique World of the Nanoparticle
Why Nanoparticles Behave Differently
Nanoparticle Stability: Size and More than Size Matter
Nanoparticle Mobility in Soils and Sediments
Nanoparticle Effects on Pollutant Transport and Bioavailability
Nanoparticle Toxicity in Soil Environments
The Special Role of the Soil Sciences in Environmental Nanoscience
Combining Biomarker with Stable Isotope Analyses for Assessing the Transformation and Turnover Soil Organic Matter / W. Amelung ; S. Brodowski ; A. Sandhage-Hofmann ; R. Bol
Major Biomarkers
Using Carbon Isotopes in SOM Studies
Biomarker Specific Stable Isotope Analyses
Conclusions and Perspectives
preface
Clearing the Air: Livestock's Contribution to Climate Change / Maurice E. Pitesky ; Kimberly R. Stackhouse ; Frank M. Mitloehner
Life Cycle Assessment
Effects of Agriculture on Climate Change
Livestock Types and Production nSystems
Enteric Fermentation
Animal Manure
Livestock Related Land-Use Changes
Livestock Induced Desertification
Release from Cultivated Soil
10Carbon Emissions from Feed Production
11On-Farm Fossil Fuel Use: Diesel and Electricity
12Postharvest: C02 from Livestock Processing
13Conclusions
Improvement of Drought Resistance in Rice / R. Serraj ; A. Kumar ; K. L. McNally ; I. Siamet-Loedin ; R. Bruskiewich ; R. Mauleon ; J. Cairns
Drought Characterization
Rice Responses to Drought
Concepts and Tools for Phenotyping
Conventional Breeding
Drought-Resistance Genes and GM Technology
Conclusions and Future Prospects
Problems, Challenges, and Strategic Options of Grain Securityin China / Minghua Zhang ; Yan Cai
Connotation of Grain Security in China
Development Stages of Grain Production in China
Achievements and Experiences of Grain Production in China
Problems and Challenges of Grain Security in China
Strategy Options and Countermeasures for Grain Security in China
Case Studies
Weed Management in Rice-Based Cropping Systems in Africa / J. Rodenburg ; D. E. Johnson
Weed Species in Rice in Africa
Weed Management Practices In African Rice-Based Cropping Systems
Emerging Weed Problems and Weed Management Issues
A Strategic Vision for Weed Management and Research in African RiceProduction Systems
Advances in Assessing Bioavailability of Metal(Loid)s in Contaminated Soils / Kirk G. Scheckel ; Rufus L. Chaney ; Nicholas T. Basta ; James A. Ryan
Metal Risks in Soil
Biological Metal Uptake
Metal Extractability to Predict Availability
Metal Chemistry
Understanding Metal Bioavailability, Bioaccessibility, and Speciation
Nitrogen in Rainfed and Irrigated Cropping Systems in the Mediterranean Region / John Ryan ; Hayriye Ibrikci ; Rolf Sommer ; Ann McNeill
Mediterranean Agroecosystems
Perspective on Nitrogen in Agriculture
Fertilizer use Trends in the Mediterranean Region
Response of Rainfed Crops to Nitrogen Fertilizer
Assessing Soil Nitrogen Status for Crop Yields
Nitrogen Fixation Under Mediterranean Dryland Conditions
Potential Losses of Nitrogen in Dryland Cropping
Integrated Cropping Systems: Implications for Nitrogen
Nitrogen in Supplemental Irrigation Systems
Nitrogen Tracer use in Rainfed Cropping Systems
Modeling of Nitrogen in Rainfed Cropping Systems
Future Perspective
Biogeochemical Processes Controlling the Fate and Transport of Arsenic: Implications for South and Southeast Asia / Scott Fendorf ; Benjamin D. Kocar
Arsenic Aqueous Chemistry
Arsenic Surface and Solid Phases
Desorption of Arsenic in Soils and Sediments
Biogeochemical Processes
Processes Controlling Arsenic Concentrations in South(east) Asia
Inorganic and Organic Constituents and Contaminants of Biosolids: Implications for Land Application / R. J. Haynes ; G. Murtaza
Sewage Treatment Processes
Composition of Biosolids
Nutrient Content and Release
Heavy Metal Contaminants
Organic Contaminants
Synthesis and Conclusions
Are Biofuels Antithetic to Long-Term Sustainability of Soil and Water Resources? / W. A. Payne
Some History
An Overview of Biofuels
Sustainability Issues
A Review of Biochar and Its Use and Function in Soil / S. P. Sohi ; E. Lopez-Capel
Characterization of Biochar
Biochar Application in Agriculture
Research Priorities and Future Challenges
Towards a Holistic Classification of Diffuse Agricultural Water Pollution from Intensively Managed Grasslands on Heavy Soils / S. J. Granger ; S. Anthony ; P. N. Owens ; S. M. White
Defining a Conceptual Framework
The Assignment of Pollutants in the Conceptual Framework
Identifying Potential Pollutant SMD Scenarios
Summary and Future Research
A New GIS Nitrogen Trading Tool Concept for Conservation and Reduction of Reactive Nitrogen Losses to the Environment / J. A. Delgado ; C. M. Gross ; H. Lal ; H. Cover ; P. Gagliardi ; S. P. McKinney ; E. Hesketh ; M. J. Shaffer
Understanding the Nitrogen Cycle with Respect to Nitrogen Management and Trading
New Technologies
Case Scenarios: GIS Trading Tool Concept Evaluations
Variability in Harvest Index of Grain Crops and Potential Significance for Carbon Accounting: Examples from Australian Agriculture / Murray Unkovich ; Jeff Baldock ; Matthew Forbes
Determinants of Harvest Index
A Database of Crop Dry Matter, Grain Yields, and Harvest Indices
Dry Matter, Grain Yield, and Harvest Index Values for Crops
Crop Harvest Indices and C Accounting
The Role of Seed Ecology in Improving Weed Management Strategies in the Tropics / Bhagirath S. Chauhan ; David E. Johnson
Challenges for Weed Management in the Tropics
Role of Seed Ecology in Determining Weed Populations
Responses of Weed Seed Germination to Light
Responses of Weed Seed Germination to Seed Scarification and Fire
Responses of Weed Seed Germination to Seed Burial Depth, Tillage, and Surface Mulches
Responses of Weed Seed Germination to Stresses
Harnessing Knowledge of Seed Ecology for Novel Improved Weed Management Strategies
Phosphorus Solubilization and Potential Transfer to Surface Waters from the Soil Microbial Biomass Following Drying-Rewetting and Freezing-Thawing / M. S. A. Blackwell ; P. C. Brookes ; N. de la Fuente-Martinez ; H. Gordon ; P. J. Murray ; K. E. Snars ; J. K. Williams
Factors Affecting Solubilization of Phosphorus from the Soil Microbial Biomass
Factors Controlling Transfer to Surface Waters
Uncertainties
The Significance of Changing Climate and Soil Management
Conclusions and Future Work
Improving Productivity of Crops in Water-Limited Environments / J. B. Passioura ; J. F. Angus
Water-Limited Potential Yield
Water as a Limiting Resource: An Analytical and Diagnostic Framework
Water Balance and Transpiration
Transpiration Efficiency
HI: Converting Biomass into Grain
Yield Improvement by Management
Concluding Comments
Advances in Understanding the Molecular Structure of Soil Organic Matter: Implications for Interactions in the Environment / Markus Kleber ; Mark G. Johnson
Soil Is an Aqueous System
Evolution of SOM Concepts
The "Humic Dilemma" as an Element of Contemporary SOM Concepts
Reconciliation of Four Centuries of SOM Research
Outlook for the Future
Implications of the Knowledge Paradox for Soil Science / Johan Bouma
Mode-1 Versus Mode-2 Research
How to Define "Niches" for Soil Science When Studying the Big Environmental Issues of Today
Studying the Seven Soil Functions
How to Better Interact with Stakeholders and Policy Makers
The Internal Issue: How to Become an Effective Community of Scientific Practice?
Grassland Fire Management in Future Climate / A. L. Sullivan
Fire Behavior in Grasslands
Fire Spread Prediction in Australian Grasslands
Impacts of Climate Change on Fire Spread Prediction
Implications for Grassland Fire Management
Conclusion
Rhizosphere Processes and Management for Improving Nutrient Use Efficiency and Crop Productivity: Implications for China / Fusuo Zhang ; Jianbo Shen ; Junling Zhang ; Yuanmei Zuo ; Long Li ; Xinping Chen
Rhizosphere Processes and Nutrient Bioavailability
Rhizosphere Management for Improving Nutrient Use Efficiency and Crop Productivity
Terrestrial Nanoparticles and Their Controls on Soil-/Geo-Processes and Reactions / Nikolla P. Qafoku
Size-Dependent Properties
Nanoparticles Occurrence in Soils
Nanoparticle Behavior in Soils
Nanoparticle Toxicity
Future Research Directions
Mitigating Allergenicity of Crops / Peggy Ozias-Akins ; Ye Chu ; Joseph Knoll ; Anjanabha Bhattacharya
Methods to Alter Allergen Content of Crops
The Potential for California Agricultural Crop Soils to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions: A Holistic Evaluation / Emma C. Suddick ; Kate M. Scow ; William R. Horwath ; Louise E. Jackson ; David R. Smart ; Jeffery Mitchell ; Johan Six
Basic Concepts of Carbon Sequestration
Land Conversion and the Effect on Carbon Sequestration
Greenhouse Gas Emissions Modeling and Future Predictions for California Agriculture
Cobenefits of Alternative/Carbon-Friendly Agricultural Practices
Research Challenges and Recommendations
Conclusion: The Potential for California Agriculture to Sequester Carbon
Visible and Near Infrared Spectroscopy in Soil Science / Bo Stenberg ; Raphael A. Viscarra Rossel ; Abdul Mounem Mouazen ; Johanna Wetterlind
Past and Current Role of vis-NIR in Soil Analysis
Factors Influencing the Performance and Generality of vis-NIR Calibrations
Field Analyses
Strategies for Practical Use of vis-NIR Spectroscopy for Soil Analysis
General and Future Aspects
Agronomic and Ecological Implications of Biofuels / Catherine Bonin ; Rattan Lal
Food Safety Issues for Mineral and Organic Fertilizers
Mechanisms of Nickel Uptake and Hyperaccumulation by Plants and Implications for Soil Remediation / Shanying He ; Zhenli He ; Xiaoe Yang ; Virupax C Baligar
Conservation Agriculture in the Semi-Arid Tropics: Prospects and Problems / Ram A. Jat ; Suhas P. Wani ; Kanwar L. Sahrawat
Green and Brown Manures in Dryland Wheat Production Systems in Mediterranean-Type Environments / M. M. Roper ; S. P. Milroy ; M. L. Poole
Productivity and Sustainability of the Rice-Wheat Cropping System in the Indo-Gangetic Plains of the Indian Subcontinent: Problems, Opportunities, and Strategies / Gulshan Mahajan ; Virender Sardana ; Jagadish Timsina ; Mangi L. Jat
Management-Induced Changes to Soil Organic Carbon in China: A Meta-analysis / Xin Zhao ; Ran Zhang ; Jian-Fu Xue ; Chao Pu ; Xiang-Qian Zhang ; Sheng-Li Liu ; Fu Chen ; Rattan Lai ; Hai-Lin Zhang
List of Abbreviations
Materials and Methods
Discussion
The References of 83 Publications were Extracted for this Meta-analysis / Appendix A:
Basic Information of the Compiled Studies / Appendix B:
Relationship between Relative Change of Applied Amount of Manure and Relative Change of SOC Concentration (Solid Black Spots) and Stock (Hollow White Spots) / Appendix C:
Advances and Perspectives to Improve the Phosphorus Availability in Cropping Systems for Agroecological Phosphorus Management / Michel-Pierre Faucon ; David Houben ; Jean-Paul Reynoird ; Anne-Maïmiti Mercadal-Dulaurent ; Romain Armand ; Hans Lambers
Use of Renewable Resources Improving Phosphorus Availability Without Compromising Finite Mineral Resources
Efficiency of Multispecies Cropping Systems on Phosphorus Availability
Genetic Traits of Plant-Microorganisms Relationships involved in the Tolerance of Low-P Soils and Plant Breeding
Using Functional Traits to Assess the Services Provided by Cover Plants: A Review of Potentialities in Banana Cropping Systems / Gaëlle Damour ; Eric Gamier ; Marie Laure Navas ; Marc Dorel ; Jean-Michel Risède
Semiperennial Cropping Systems Including Cover Plants: The Case of Banana Cropping Systems
Effect Traits of Cover Plants Associated to the Main Services Targeted in a Banana Cropping System
From Plant Traits to Services in Agrosystems
Appendix: Complementary Indications on Measurement Methods of a Few Markers Proposed to Assess the AgrosysTem Processes
Soil Biogeochemistry, Plant Physiology, and Phytoremediation of Cadmium-Contaminated Soils / Peter J. Stoffella ; Virupax C. Baligar
Soil Biogeochemistry of Cd
Plant Physiology of Cd Toxicity
Cd Hyperaccumulator Plants
Phytoremediation of Cd-Contaminated Soils
Concluding Remarks and Future Research
Bacterial Diseases of Crops: Elucidation of the Factors that Lead to Differences Between Field and Experimental Infections / Jay Ram Lamichhane
Presence of Inter-and Intraspecies Bacterial Cooperation
Frequent Climatic, Edaphic, and Nutrient Stresses
Existence of Biotic and Abiotic Associations that Lead to Complex Disease Phenomena
Occurrence of Simultaneous Biotic Stresses
Higher Availability of Ports of Entry and Putative Infected Sites
Difference in the Growth Stage of Plant Materials Infected
Functional Relationships of Soil Acidification, Liming, and Greenhouse Gas Flux / R. Thangarajan ; Y. Xu ; S. Mandal ; D. B. Gleeson ; B. Seshadri ; M. Zaman ; L. Barton ; J. Luo ; R. Dalai ; W. Ding ; M. B. Kirkham
Soil acidification and liming
Liming and greenhouse gas emission
Conclusions and future research needs
Ideotype Root System Architecture for Maize to Achieve High Yield and Resource Use Efficiency in Intensive Cropping Systems / F. Chen ; L. Yuan
Root system and root system architecture of maize
Root system architecture for efficient N acquisition
Root system architecture for efficient P acquisition
Root system architecture for efficient water acquisition
Root system architecture for high plant density and root-lodging resistance
Root anatomical structure and the cost for root system establishment
Models of the ideotype root system architecture for maize in the intensive cropping systems
Environmental Impact of Organic Agriculture / K. Lorenz
Current State of Organic Agriculture
Effects of Organic Agriculture on Soil Carbon Stocks
Soil-Derived Greenhouse Gas Fluxes Under Organic Agriculture
Effects of Organic Agriculture on Yield
Implications of Organic Agriculture for the Environment
Monitoring and Modeling Soil Change: The Influence of Human Activity and Climatic Shifts on Aspects of Soil Spatiotemporally / P. Filippi ; B. Minasny ; S.R. Cattle ; T.F.A. Bishop
Soil Properties Most Susceptible to Anthropogenic Activity and Climate Change
Methods of Measuring and Monitoring Soil Change
Challenges in Monitoring Soil Change
Modeling Soil Change Into the Future
Conclusions and Future Research Needs
Agronomic Effectiveness of Zinc Sources as Micronutrient Fertilizer / D. Montalvo ; F. Degryse ; R. C. da Silva ; R. Baird ; M. J. McLaughlin
Importance of Zn for Plants and Humans
Sources of Zn for Fertilizer Production
Types of Zn Fertilizers
Chemical Reactions of Zn Fertilizers
Extraction Methods to Estimate Zn Fertilizer Effectiveness
Agronomic Effectiveness of Zn Fertilizers
New Technologies to Improve Zn Fertilizer Efficiency
Conclusions and Future Needs
Contributors / R.K. Downey ; M.E. Sumner Frye ; J.T. Sims ; D.G. Schulze ; J.W. Doran ; K.M. Scow ; J.W. Dudley ; F.R. Magdoff ; P.K. Bretting ; R.P. Wise ; G. D. Bowen ; Robin D. GrahamCH 1:
Effects of Fumigants on Non-Target
Soil as a Source of Dust and Implications for Human Health / 1:
4.

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図書
Xionghan Feng, editor ... [et al.] ; sponsored by the ACS Division of Geochemistry
出版情報: Washington, DC : American Chemical Society , [New York] : Distributed in print by Oxford University Press, c2015  xi, 208 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: ACS symposium series ; 1197
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