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1.

図書

図書
edited by Johan Albrecht
出版情報: Cheltenham, UK : E. Elgar, c2002  xi, 286 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: New horizons in environmental economics
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2.

図書

図書
edited by J. W. S. Longhurst, D. M. Elsom, H. Power
出版情報: Southampton : Computational Mechanics, 1998 , Southampton : WIT press, 2000  292p ; 22cm
シリーズ名: Advances in air pollution series ; 7
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Application of the air quality Framework Directive to Portugal: A strategic evaluation / C. Borrego ; N. Barros ; P. Gomes ; M. Coutinho ; O. Tchepel ; M. Lopes ; A. I. MirandaChapter 1:
Air quality management in the United Kingdom: Development of the National Air Quality Strategy / D.M. Elsom ; J.W.S. Longhurst ; C.I. BeattieChapter 2:
Air quality management experience in Budapest / G. BarankaChapter 3:
Operation of the Air Pollution Warning System in Cracow during pollution episodes / J. WalczewskiChapter 4:
Air quality management in Prague / J. SolcChapter 5:
Air pollution management in Australia: The example of Newcastle, NSW / H. BridgmanChapter 6:
Air quality management in the Bulkley Valley of central British Columbia, Canada / D. JohnsonChapter 7:
Model-based decision support for integrated urban air quality management / K. FedraChapter 8:
Statistical models for air quality evaluation and emissions reduction assessment / S. Cernuschi ; M. Giugliano ; G. LonatiChapter 9:
Application of the air quality Framework Directive to Portugal: A strategic evaluation / C. Borrego ; N. Barros ; P. Gomes ; M. Coutinho ; O. Tchepel ; M. Lopes ; A. I. MirandaChapter 1:
Air quality management in the United Kingdom: Development of the National Air Quality Strategy / D.M. Elsom ; J.W.S. Longhurst ; C.I. BeattieChapter 2:
Air quality management experience in Budapest / G. BarankaChapter 3:
3.

図書

図書
Rainer Friedrich and Peter Bickel (eds.)
出版情報: Berlin ; Tokyo : Springer-Verlag, c2001  xvi, 326 p. ; 25 cm
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Preface
Contents
List of Authors
Introduction / 1:
The Impact Pathway Methodology / 2:
Guiding Principles in the Development of the ExternE Methodology / 2.1:
Quantification of Impacts / 2.2:
Economic Valuation / 2.3:
Assessment of Uncertainty / 2.4:
Priority Impact Pathways / 2.5:
Emission Calculation / 3:
Road Transport / 3.1:
Rail Transport / 3.2:
Inland Shipping Transport / 3.3:
Steady State Operation / 3.3.1:
Non Steady State Operation / 3.3.2:
Aircraft Transport / 3.4:
Atmospheric Transport Modelling / 4:
Local Scale / 4.1:
Gaussian Dispersion Modelling21 / 4.1.1:
The ROADPOL Model / 4.1.2:
Ozone / 4.1.3:
Regional Scale / 4.2:
Reactive and Non-Reactive Pollutants / 4.2.1:
Global Scale (Ozone) / 4.2.2:
Validation of Dispersion Modelling / 4.4:
Health Effects: Exposure-Response Functions / 5:
Summary of Methods / 5.1:
Representation of Particles / 5.3:
The Gaseous Pollutants / 5.3.1:
CO / 5.4.1:
Conversion Factors From ppb to Gravimetric Units / 5.4.4:
E-R Functions for a European Implementation / 5.5:
Can the Same Functions be Used throughout Europe, without Serious Error? / 5.5.1:
Transferring E-R Functions from North America / 5.5.2:
Thresholds / 5.6:
'Chronic' Mortality: Effects as Estimated from Cohort Studies / 5.7:
Chronic Mortality and Particles: Is there a Causal Relationship? / 5.7.1:
Choice of Study and E-R Function for Quantification / 5.7.2:
Estimating Years of Life Lost (YOLL) / 5.7.3:
Estimating Costs / 5.7.4:
Other E-R Functions for the Classical Pollutants / 5.8:
Implementation / 5.8.1:
Acute Mortality / 5.8.2:
Respiratory Hospital Admissions / 5.8.3:
Cardiovascular Hospital Admissions / 5.8.4:
Emergency Room Visits (ERVs) / 5.8.5:
Restricted Activity Days (RADs) / 5.8.6:
Acute Effects in Asthmatics / 5.8.7:
Respiratory Symptoms in the General Population / 5.8.8:
Chronic Morbidity in Adults / 5.8.9:
Chronic Morbidity in Children / 5.8.10:
Additivity across Health Endpoints / 5.9:
Other Pollutants, especially Carcinogens: Methodology / 5.10:
Introductory Remarks / 5.10.1:
Objectives of the Evaluation / 5.10.2:
Unit Risk Factors for the Occurrence of Cancer / 5.10.3:
Reliability of Scientific Evidence Underlying URFs / 5.10.4:
The Approach of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) / 5.10.5:
Summary Evaluations of various Transport-Related Pollutants / 5.11:
Benzene / 5.11.1:
1,3 Butadiene / 5.11.2:
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) / 5.11.3:
Diesel Exhaust Particulates / 5.11.4:
Formaldehyde / 5.11.5:
Acetaldehyde and Other Aldehydes / 5.11.6:
Ethylene Oxide/ Ethene / 5.11.7:
MTBE (Methyl Tertiary-Butyl Ether) / 5.11.8:
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), as a Mixture / 5.11.9:
Lead / 5.11.10:
Platinum and Related Compounds / 5.11.11:
Some Remarks on YOLL and Latency / 5.12:
Concluding Remarks / 5.13:
Impacts on Building Materials / 6:
Degradation of Building Materials / 6.1:
Damage Mechanisms / 6.1.1:
Dose-Response Functions / 6.1.2:
Soiling of Building Materials / 6.2:
Soiling Mechanisms / 6.2.1:
Combination of Degradation and Soiling Effects / 6.2.2:
Impacts on Terrestrial Ecosystems / 7:
Impacts Linked to Direct Effects on Ecosystem Structure / 7.1:
Loss of Habitat / 7.2.1:
Networks and Habitat Fragmentation / 7.2.2:
Expenditure on Protection of Semi-Natural Habitats / 7.2.3:
Impacts Linked to Management of the Transport System / 7.3:
Roadside Verges and Rail Margins / 7.3.1:
De-Icing / 7.3.2:
Impacts Linked to Use of the Transport System / 7.4:
Impacts on Semi-Natural Vegetation / 7.4.1:
Animal Mortality / 7.4.2:
Conclusions and Further Information / 7.5:
Economic Valuation, Sustainability Indicators and Alternative Assessment Techniques / 8:
Monetary Valuation: Mortality Risks / 8.1:
Background Methodology / 8.1.1:
Empirical Evidence / 8.1.2:
Measurement of the Cost Per Life Saved (CPLS) / Cost Per Life Year Saved (CPLYS) / 8.1.3:
Discount Rates4 / 8.2:
Revised Morbidity Values / 8.3:
The Helsinki Study / 8.3.1:
The 5-Country Study / 8.3.2:
Testing for Benefit Transfer (BT) across Countries / 8.3.3:
The Strasbourg and Kehl Study / 8.3.4:
New European Estimates of Productivity Loss and Health Services Costs / 8.3.5:
Suggested Revision of Morbidity Estimates / 8.3.6:
Sustainability Indicators / 8.4:
Linking Strong and Weak Sustainability Indicators / 8.4.1:
Comparison of the LCA-Method ECO and Monetary Valuation Method CV / 8.4.3:
Decision Rules / 8.4.4:
Evaluating "Non-Marginal" Changes / 8.5:
Valuing a Change in Welfare: The Case of a Single Affected Market / 8.5.1:
The Indirect Effects of Price Changes / 8.5.3:
General Equilibrium Analysis / 8.6:
Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Models / 8.6.1:
Input-Output Models / 8.6.3:
When to Use General Equilibrium Analysis / 8.6.4:
Recommendations / 8.6.5:
Incorporating Non-Monetised Impacts into the Decision Making Process / 8.7:
Avoidance Costs / 8.7.1:
Conceptual Framework for Attribute Decision Making / 8.7.3:
Global Warming / 9:
Models / 9.1:
Open Framework / 9.2.1:
FUND 1.6 / 9.2.2:
FUND 2.0 / 9.2.3:
Conventions for Valuation and Reporting / 9.3:
Discounting / 9.3.1:
Aggregation / 9.3.2:
Carbon Dioxide, Methane and Nitrous Oxide / 9.4:
Uncertainty / 9.5:
Ozone and Sulphate Aerosols / 9.6:
Summary of Damage Costs / 9.7:
Treatment of Up- and Downstream Processes / 9.8:
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Impact Pathway Analysis / 10.1:
Simplified Damage Estimates for LCA / 10.2:
The Uniform World Model / 10.3:
Generalisation to Secondary Pollutants / 10.4:
General Remarks / 11:
Methodology for Estimating Uncertainties / 11.2:
Placement of the Confidence Intervals / 11.3:
Alternative Hypotheses about Causes / 11.4:
The Nature of Particulate Matter / 11.4.1:
A Model for Assessing the Uncertainty Due to Composition ofPM / 11.4.2:
Analogies with Smoking / 11.4.3:
Comprehensive Uncertainty / 11.5:
Quantification of Total and Average Externalities (Aggregation) / 12:
Aggregation Issues / 12.1:
Aggregation of Impacts / 12.2:
Aggregation Methodology / 12.3:
Aggregating by Emissions / 12.3.1:
Aggregating by Cost per Kilometre / 12.3.2:
Discussion / 12.3.3:
Economic Aspects / 12.4:
Conclusions / 12.5:
Marginal Costs / 13:
Belgium / 13.1:
Finland / 13.1.1:
France: / 13.2.1:
Germany / 13.3.1:
Greece / 13.4.1:
Marine Transport / 13.5.1:
The Netherlands / 13.6:
Inland Shipping / 13.6.1:
United Kingdom / 13.6.4:
Results of Marginal Cost Case Studies / 13.7.1:
Site-Specific Results / 13.8.1:
Other Modes / 13.8.2:
Costs Including Up- and Downstream Processes / 13.8.5:
Aggregated Costs / 14:
The External Costs of Road Transport in Belgium / 14.1:
Vehicle Statistics / 14.1.1:
Data on External Costs / 14.1.2:
Results and Conclusions / 14.1.3:
The External Costs of Transport in the Netherlands / 14.2:
Other Mobile Sources / 14.2.1:
The External Costs of Road Transport in the UK / 14.2.6:
Road Transport Statistics / 14.3.1:
Road Emission Factors and Damage Costs / 14.3.2:
Results / 14.3.3:
The External Costs of Road Transport in the Federal State of Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany / 14.4:
Emission Scenario / 14.4.1:
Local Damage Estimation / 14.4.2:
Local Exposure Estimates / 14.4.3:
Classification of Road Network Links / 14.4.4:
Regional Range Impacts / 14.4.5:
Policy Case Studies / 14.4.6:
Belgium: Do Policies Cope with Transportation Trends? / 15.1:
The Evolution of the Total Environmental Costs in Belgium / 15.1.1:
Belgium: Taxation of Transportation Fuels and External Costs per Litre of Fuel / 15.1.2:
External Costs per Litre of Petrol and Diesel / 15.2.1:
Comparing External Air Pollution Costs with Prices and Excises / 15.2.2:
Finland: Alternative Fuels in Helsinki City Buses / 15.3:
Background Data on the Helsinki City Bus Traffic / 15.3.1:
Emission Factors / 15.3.2:
Comparison of Total Costs for Diesel and Natural Gas Buses / 15.3.3:
France: Electric versus Conventional Vehicles: Social Costs and Benefits / 15.3.5:
Vehicle Technologies and Costs / 15.4.1:
Emissions and Damage Costs per km / 15.4.2:
Life Cycle Costs/Benefits / 15.4.3:
Germany: Benefits of Introducing CNG-Fuelled Vehicles in the Federal State of Baden-urttemberg / 15.4.4:
Emission Scenarios / 15.5.1:
Implementation and Results / 15.5.2:
Greece: Benefits from Introducing CNG Buses in Athens / 15.5.3:
Preface
Contents
List of Authors
4.

図書

図書
野内勇編著
出版情報: 東京 : 養賢堂, 2001.6  11, 391p, 図版1枚 ; 22cm
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5.

図書

図書
guest edited by Ranjeet S. Sokhi ... [et al.]
出版情報: Dordrecht : Kluwer Academic, c2000  484 p. ; 25 cm
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6.

図書

図書
岡本眞一著
出版情報: 東京 : ぎょうせい, 2001.5  viii, 345p ; 22cm
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7.

図書

図書
若松伸司, 篠崎光夫共著
出版情報: 東京 : 裳華房, 2001.9  x, 209p ; 19cm
シリーズ名: ポピュラーサイエンス ; 199
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8.

図書

東工大
目次DB

図書
東工大
目次DB
福岡義隆編著
出版情報: 東京 : 山海堂, 2005.9  x, 215p ; 22cm
シリーズ名: 市民環境工学 ; 第10巻
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目次情報: 続きを見る
第1章大気環境システム 1
   コラム① 5
第2章大気の循環と汚染
   2.1局地大気循環と局地汚染 7
   2.2大気大循環とオゾンの関係 19
   2.3温室効果ガスと地球温暖化 30
   2.3.1温室効果ガスとしての二酸化炭素 30
   2.3.2温室効果による温暖化の影響 33
   2.3.3地球温暖化対策の国内外での取組み 35
   2.3.4温暖化が環境汚染を増強する 35
   2.4メソ気象循環と酸性雨 38
   2.4.1酸性雨の「気候」 38
   2.4.2酸性雨発生のメカニズム 42
   2.4.3醐生雨と黄砂の気候 45
   2.4.4高層天気図にみる酸1生雨の軌跡 46
   コラム② 53
   2.5地球規模での大気環境のとらえ方 54
   2.5.1熱収支論・水収支論の立場からの気候区分 54
   2.5.2地球温暖化が世界の気候に及ぼしている影響 60
   2.5.3乾燥地域におせる塩害 64
   2.5.4気候図を使って世界の気候を体験 68
第3章都市の熱環境
   3.1ヒートアイランド現象 75
   3.1.1都市気候とは 75
   3.1.2ヒートアイランドとは 78
   3.1.3ヒートアイランドの成因 80
   3.2都市の熱環境悪化の影響 82
   3.2.1都市の温暖化と生物季節の変化 82
   3.2.2都市の温暖化の人体への影響 87
   3.2.3都市の温暖化と熱中症の関係 89
   3.3都市の温暖化対策 92
   3.3.1水辺空間の確保・拡充に伴う緩和効果 92
   3.3.2緑化対策としての屋上・壁面緑化の熱的効果 100
   3.3.3緑地と体感温度 109
   コラム③ 115
第4章悪臭
   4.1都市の個性としてのにおい 117
   4.2においの評価と悪臭の定義 118
   4.3悪臭公害の実体と気象との関係 120
   コラム④ 123
第5章騒音
   5.1音の基礎 125
   5.1.1騒音とは 125
   5.1.2音の性質 125
   5.1.3音の評価量 127
   5.1.4音の発生と伝搬 132
   コラム⑤ 137
   5.2道路交通騒音 137
   5.2。1道路交通騒音の状況 137
   5.2.2道路交通騒音の諸基準 140
   5.2.3道路交通騒音の測定方法 143
   5.2.4道路交通騒音の法体系 145
   5.2.5道路交通騒音の予測手法 147
   5.3鉄道騒音 168
   5.3.1鉄道騒音の状況 168
   5.3.2鉄道騒音の諸基準 169
   5.3.3鉄道騒音の測定方法 170
   5.3.4鉄道騒音対策 171
   5.4航空機騒音 175
   5.4.1航空機騒音の状況 175
   5.4.2航空機騒音の評価方法と環境基準 177
   5.4.3航空機騒音の測定方法 179
   5.4.4航空機騒音の予測手法 180
   5.4.5航空機騒音の関連法規 183
   5.4.6航空機騒音対策 184
   5.5都市緑化による騒音低減効果 190
   5.6屋上緑化による振動音防止効果 194
   コラム⑥ 198
第6章低周波音
   6.1低周波音とは 199
   6.2低周波音の状況 200
   6.3低周波音の影響 200
   6.3.1物理的影響 201
   6.3.2心理的影響 201
   6.3.3生理的影響 203
   6.4低周波音の評価 204
   6.5低周波音の測定 205
   6.5.1低周波音の測定量 205
   6.5.2低周波音の測定機器 205
   6.5.3測定点の選定 206
   6.5.4風の影響 206
   6.5.5音圧レベルの指示値の読取り方法 207
   6.6低周波音の予測方法 207
   6.7低周波音の対策 209
第1章大気環境システム 1
   コラム① 5
第2章大気の循環と汚染
9.

図書

図書
宮本昭正, 可部順三郎, 前田和甫共著
出版情報: 東京 : ぎょうせい, 1983.12  iv, 188p ; 21cm
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10.

図書

図書
片岡正光, 竹内浩士共著
出版情報: 東京 : 三共出版, 1998.1  xi, 109p ; 21cm
シリーズ名: 地球環境サイエンスシリーズ / 多賀光彦監修 ; 4
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