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1.

図書

図書
Donald E. Osterbrock, Gary J. Ferland
出版情報: Sausalito, Calif. : University Science Books, c2006  xvii, 461 p. ; 25 cm
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2.

図書

図書
edited by Alessandro Sozzetti, Mario G. Lattanzi and Alan P. Boss
出版情報: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2011  xxx, 563 p. ; 26 cm
シリーズ名: IAU Symposium and Colloquium proceedings series ; 276
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Planet Formation / Part I:
Structure and Atmospheres / Part II:
Interactions / Part III:
The Next Decade / Part IV:
Poster Papers / Part V:
Planet Formation / Part I:
Structure and Atmospheres / Part II:
Interactions / Part III:
3.

図書

図書
editors, Thomas J. Bernatowicz, Ernst K. Zinner
出版情報: Woodbury, N.Y : American Institute of Physics, c1997  xiii, 750 p. ; 25 cm
シリーズ名: AIP conference proceedings ; no. 402
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4.

図書

図書
John S. Lewis
出版情報: San Diego : Academic Press, c1997  x, 591 p., [7] leaves of plates ; 28 cm
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Introduction Astronomical Perspective
General Description of the Solar System
The Sun and the Solar Nebula
The Major Planets Pluto and the Icy Satellites of the Outer Planets Comets and Meteors Meteorites and Asteroids
The Airless Rocky Bodies
The Terrestrial Planets: Mars, Venus, and Earth Planets and Life about Other Stars Future Prospects
Appendix III
Introduction Astronomical Perspective
General Description of the Solar System
The Sun and the Solar Nebula
5.

図書

図書
Martin Harwit
出版情報: New York : Springer, c2006  xvi, 714 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Astronomy and astrophysics library
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Preface to the Fourth Edition
An Approach to Astrophysics / 1:
Channels for Astronomical Information / 1:1:
X-Ray Astronomy: Development of a New Field / 1:2:
The Appropriate Set of Physical Laws / 1:3:
The Formation of Stars / 1:4:
The Hertzsprung-Russell and Color-Magnitude Diagrams / 1:5:
The Birth of Low-Mass Stars / 1:6:
Massive Stars / 1:7:
The Late Stages of Stellar Evolution / 1:8:
Abundance of the Chemical Elements in Stars and the Solar System / 1:9:
Origin of the Solar System / 1:10:
The Galaxy and the Local Group / 1:11:
The Formation of Large-Scale Structures / 1:12:
Black Holes / 1:13:
Magnetohydrodynamics and Turbulence / 1:14:
Problems of Life / 1:15:
Unobserved Astronomical Objects / 1:16:
The Cosmic Distance Scale / 2:
Size of the Solar System / 2:1:
Trigonometric Parallax / 2:2:
Spectroscopic Parallax / 2:3:
Superposition of Main Sequences / 2:4:
RR Lyrae Variables / 2:5:
Cepheid Variables / 2:6:
Novae and HII Regions / 2:7:
Supernovae / 2:8:
The Tully-Fisher and Faber-Jackson Relations / 2:9:
Distance-Red-Shift Relation / 2:10:
Distances and Velocities / 2:11:
Seeliger's Theorem and Number Counts in Cosmology / 2:12:
Problems Dealing with the Size of Astronomical Objects
Answers to Selected Problems
Dynamics and Masses of Astronomical Bodies / 3:
Universal Gravitational Attraction / 3:1:
Ellipses and Conic Sections / 3:2:
Central Force / 3:3:
Two-Body Problem with Attractive Force / 3:4:
Kepler's Laws / 3:5:
Determination of the Gravitational Constant / 3:6:
The Concept of Mass / 3:7:
Inertial Frames of Reference - The Equivalence Principle / 3:8:
Gravitational Red Shift and Time Dilation / 3:9:
Measures of Time / 3:10:
Uses of Pulsar Time / 3:11:
Galactic Rotation / 3:12:
Scattering in an Inverse Square Law Field / 3:13:
Stellar Drag / 3:14:
Virial Theorem / 3:15:
Stability Against Tidal Disruption / 3:16:
Lagrangian Equations / 3:17:
Random Processes / 4:
Random Events / 4:1:
Random Walk / 4:2:
Distribution Functions, Probabilities, and Mean Values / 4:3:
Projected Length of Randomly Oriented Rods / 4:4:
The Motion of Molecules / 4:5:
Ideal Gas Law / 4:6:
Radiation Kinetics / 4:7:
Isothermal Distributions / 4:8:
Atmospheric Density / 4:9:
Particle Energy Distribution in an Atmosphere / 4:10:
Phase Space / 4:11:
Angular Diameters of Stars / 4:12:
The Spectrum of Light Inside and Outside a Hot Body / 4:13:
Boltzmann Equation and Liouville's Theorem / 4:14:
Fermi-Dirac Statistics / 4:15:
The Saha Equation / 4:16:
Mean Values / 4:17:
Fluctuations / 4:18:
The First Law of Thermodynamics / 4:19:
Isothermal and Adiabatic Processes / 4:20:
Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics / 4:21:
Formation of Condensations and the Stability of the Interstellar Medium / 4:22:
Ionized Gases and Clusters of Stars and Galaxies / 4:23:
Photons and Fast Particles / 5:
The Relativity Principle / 5:1:
Relativistic Terminology / 5:2:
Relative Motion / 5:3:
Four-Vectors / 5:4:
Aberration of Light / 5:5:
Momentum, Mass, and Energy / 5:6:
The Doppler Effect / 5:7:
Poynting-Robertson Drag on a Grain / 5:8:
Motion Through the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation / 5:9:
Particles at High Energies / 5:10:
High-Energy Collisions / 5:11:
Superluminal Motions and Tachyons / 5:12:
Strong Gravitational Fields / 5:13:
Gravitational Time Delay; Deflection of Light / 5:14:
Gravitational Lenses / 5:15:
An Independent Measure of the Hubble Constant / 5:16:
Orbital Motion Around a Black Hole / 5:17:
Advance of the Perihelion of Mercury / 5:18:
Accretion Disks Around X-ray Binaries / 5:19:
The Smallest Conceivable Volume / 5:20:
The Zeroth Law of Black Hole Dynamics / 5:21:
Entropy and Temperature of a Black Hole / 5:22:
The Third Law of Black Hole Thermodynamics / 5:23:
Radiating Black Holes / 5:24:
Electromagnetic Processes in Space / 6:
Coulomb's Law and Dielectric Displacement / 6:1:
Cosmic Magnetic Fields / 6:2:
Ohm's Law and Dissipation / 6:3:
Magnetic Acceleration of Particles / 6:4:
Ampere's Law and the Relation Between Cosmic Currents and Magnetic Fields / 6:5:
Magnetic Mirrors, Magnetic Bottles, and Cosmic-Ray Particles / 6:6:
Maxwell's Equations / 6:7:
The Wave Equation / 6:8:
Phase and Group Velocity / 6:9:
Energy Density, Pressure, and the Poynting Vector / 6:10:
Propagation of Waves Through a Tenuous Ionized Medium / 6:11:
Faraday Rotation / 6:12:
Light Emission by Slowly Moving Charges / 6:13:
Gravitational Radiation / 6:14:
Light Scattering by Unbound Charges / 6:15:
Scattering by Bound Charges / 6:16:
Extinction by Interstellar Grains / 6:17:
Absorption and Emission of Radiation by a Plasma / 6:18:
Radiation from Thermal Radio Sources / 6:19:
Synchrotron Radiation / 6:20:
The Synchrotron Radiation Spectrum / 6:21:
The Compton Effect and Inverse Compton Effect / 6:22:
The Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect / 6:23:
The Cherenkov Effect / 6:24:
The Angular Distribution of Light from the Sky / 6:25:
Quantum Processes in Astrophysics / 7:
Absorption and Emission of Radiation by Atomic Systems / 7:1:
Quantization of Atomic Systems / 7:2:
Atomic Hydrogen and Hydrogenlike Spectra / 7:3:
Spectra of Ionized Hydrogen / 7:4:
Hydrogen Molecules / 7:5:
Selection Rules / 7:6:
The Information Contained in Spectral Lines / 7:7:
Absorption and Emission Line Profile / 7:8:
Quantum Mechanical Transition Probabilities / 7:9:
Blackbody Radiation / 7:10:
Stimulated Emission and Cosmic Masers / 7:11:
Stellar Opacity / 7:12:
Chemical Composition of Stellar Atmospheres - The Radiative Transfer Problem / 7:13:
A Gravitational Quantum Effect / 7:14:
Stars / 8:
Observations / 8:1:
Sources of Stellar Energy / 8:2:
Requirements Imposed on Stellar Models / 8:3:
Mathematical Formulation of the Theory / 8:4:
Relaxation Times / 8:5:
Equation of State / 8:6:
Luminosity / 8:7:
Opacity Inside a Star / 8:8:
Convective Transfer / 8:9:
Nuclear Reaction Rates / 8:10:
Particles and Basic Particle Interactions / 8:11:
Energy-Generating Processes in Stars / 8:12:
Compact Stars / 8:13:
White Dwarf Stars / 8:14:
Stellar Evolution and The Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram / 8:15:
Supernovae, Neutron Stars, and Black Holes / 8:16:
Pulsars, Magnetars, and Plerions / 8:17:
Hypernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursts / 8:18:
Microquasars / 8:19:
Vibration and Rotation of Stars / 8:20:
Solar Neutrino Observations / 8:21:
Additional Problems
Cosmic Gas and Dust / 9:
Stromgren Spheres / 9:1:
Pressure Propagation and the Speed of Sound / 9:3:
Shock Fronts and Ionization Fronts / 9:4:
Gamma-Ray Bursts, GRB / 9:5:
Origin of Cosmic Magnetic Fields / 9:6:
Dynamo Amplification of Magnetic Fields / 9:7:
Cosmic-Ray Particles in the Interstellar Medium / 9:8:
Formation of Molecules and Grains / 9:9:
Formation of Molecular Hydrogen, H[subscript 2] / 9:10:
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons / 9:11:
Infrared Emission from Galactic Sources / 9:12:
Orientation of Interstellar Grains / 9:13:
Acoustic Damping and The Barnett Effect / 9:14:
Stability of Isothermal Gas Spheres / 9:15:
Polytropes / 9:16:
The Nature of Dark Matter / 9:17:
Formation of Stars and Planetary Systems / 10:
Star Formation / 10:1:
Gravitational Condensation of Matter / 10:2:
Jeans Criterion / 10:3:
Hydrostatics of Gaseous Clouds / 10:4:
Magnetic Reconnection / 10:5:
Ambipolar Diffusion / 10:6:
Triggered Collapse / 10:7:
Energy Dissipation / 10:8:
Cooling of Dense Clouds by Grain Radiation / 10:9:
Condensation in the Early Solar Nebula / 10:10:
The Evidence Provided by Meteorites / 10:11:
Nascent Planetary Disks / 10:12:
Formation of Primitive Condensates in the Early Solar Nebula / 10:13:
Formation of Planetesimals / 10:14:
Condensation in the Primeval Solar Nebula / 10:15:
The Universe We Inhabit / 11:
Questions About the Universe / 11:1:
Isotropy and Homogeneity of the Universe / 11:2:
Cosmological Principle / 11:3:
Homogeneous Isotropic Models of the Universe / 11:4:
Olbers's Paradox / 11:5:
Measuring the Geometric Properties of the Universe / 11:6:
Angular Diameters and Number Counts / 11:7:
The Flux from Distant Supernovae / 11:8:
Magnitudes and Angular Diameters of Galaxies / 11:9:
Dynamics on a Cosmic Scale / 11:10:
Einstein's Field Equations / 11:11:
The Density Parameter[Omega] / 11:12:
Some Simple Models of the Universe / 11:13:
Self-Regenerating Universes / 11:14:
Horizon of a Universe / 11:15:
Topology of the Universe / 11:16:
Do the Fundamental Constants of Nature Change with Time? / 11:17:
The Flow of Time / 11:18:
Branes and Compact Dimensions / 11:19:
An Astrophysical History of the Universe / 12:
The Isotropy Problem / 12:1:
The Flatness Problem / 12:2:
Where Did the Microwave Background Radiation Originate / 12:3:
Looking Back in Time / 12:4:
The Planck Era / 12:5:
Inflationary Cosmological Models / 12:6:
The Post-Inflationary Stage / 12:7:
The Riemann Curvature Constant / 12:8:
Quark-Gluon Plasma / 12:9:
The Origin of Baryonic Mass / 12:10:
Leptons and Antileptons / 12:11:
The Matter-Antimatter Asymmetry / 12:12:
Early Element Formation / 12:13:
The Entropy of the Universe / 12:14:
A More Precise Extrapolation Back in Time / 12:15:
The First 400,000 Years / 12:16:
Last Impact and Decoupling of Matter from Radiation / 12:17:
Observational Evidence / 12:18:
The Formation of Cosmic Structures / 13:
The Inhomogeneous Universe / 13:1:
Primordial Seeds / 13:2:
The Seeds of Structure / 13:3:
Evolution of Inhomogeneities / 13:4:
The Coupling of Radiation and Matter / 13:5:
Cooling of Gas After Decoupling / 13:6:
Photon Drag / 13:7:
Oscillations Around the Decoupling Era / 13:8:
The Jeans Criterion / 13:9:
Condensation on Superhorizon Scales / 13:10:
A Swiss-Cheese Model / 13:11:
Birkhoff's Theorem and "Why Galaxies Don't Expand" / 13:12:
Curvature Fluctuations / 13:13:
Primordial Collapse and the Density Parameter[Omega subscript 0] / 13:14:
Inhomogeneities in the Microwave Background Radiation / 13:15:
The Microwave Background Temperature Fluctuations / 13:16:
The Three-Dimensional Power Spectrum of Galaxies and Clusters / 13:17:
The Observed Imprint of Oscillations / 13:18:
Oscillations and Fundamental Cosmological Parameters / 13:19:
The Rees-Sciama Effect / 13:20:
Formation of the Largest Structures / 13:21:
Press-Schechter Condensation / 13:22:
The Internal Structure of Dark Matter haloes / 13:23:
Protogalactic Cooling / 13:24:
Formation of the First Stars / 13:25:
Population III Stars / 13:26:
Reionization / 13:27:
The Gunn-Peterson Effect / 13:28:
Quasar Stromgren Spheres / 13:29:
Formation of Supermassive Black Holes / 13:30:
Accretion Disks Around Supermassive Black Holes / 13:31:
The Masses of Galaxy Bulges and Central Black Holes / 13:32:
Growth Through Merging / 13:33:
Chemical Evolution of Galaxies and the Intracluster Medium / 13:34:
Formation of Our Own Galaxy / 13:35:
Radioactive Dating / 13:36:
Life in the Universe / 14:
Introduction / 14:1:
Thermodynamics of Biological Systems / 14:2:
Organic Molecules in Nature and in the Laboratory / 14:3:
Origins of Life on Earth / 14:4:
The Chemical Basis of Terrestrial Life / 14:5:
Laboratory Syntheses / 14:6:
Panspermia / 14:7:
Higher Organisms and Intelligence / 14:8:
Communication and Space Travel / 14:9:
Answer to a Selected Problem
Astronomical Terminology / A:
Astrophysical Constants / B:
Index
Preface to the Fourth Edition
An Approach to Astrophysics / 1:
Channels for Astronomical Information / 1:1:
6.

図書

図書
edited by Gerald E. Brown, Chang-Hwan Lee
出版情報: Hackensack, N.J. : World Scientific, c2006  xiii, 314 p. ; 27 cm
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Preface
List of Contributing Authors
Hans Bethe and His Physics / Gerald E. BrownPart 1:
My Life in Astrophysics / Hans A. Bethe
Three Weeks with Hans Bethe / Christoph Adami
Hans Bethe at The New Yorker / Jeremy Bernstein
My Sixty Years with Hans Bethe / Edwin E. Salpeter
Hans Bethe / Kurt GottfriedPart 2:
"The Happy Thirties" / Silvan S. Schweber
Stellar Energy Generation and Solar Neutrinos / John N. Bahcall
Hans Bethe and Quantum Electrodynamics / Freeman Dyson
Hans Bethe and the Theory of Nuclear Matter / John W. Negele
Hans Bethe and Astrophysical Theory
Bethe's Hypothesis / Chen Ning Yang ; Mo-Lin GePart 3:
Hans Bethe's Contributions to Solid-State Physics / N. David Mermin ; Neil W. Ashcroft
Hans Bethe and the Nuclear Many-Body Problem / Jeremy Holt
And Don't Forget the Black Holes (with Commentary) / Chang-Hwan Lee
Shaping Public Policy / Sidney DrellPart 4:
Hans Bethe and the Global Energy Problems / Boris Ioffe
In Memoriam: Hans Bethe / Richard L. Garwin ; Frank von Hippel
Obituary: Hans A. Bethe
List of Publications of Hans A. Bethe
Preface
List of Contributing Authors
Hans Bethe and His Physics / Gerald E. BrownPart 1:
7.

図書

図書
Fulvio Melia
出版情報: Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, c2009  x, 360 p., [16]p. of plates ; 25 cm
シリーズ名: Princeton series in astrophysics
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Preface
Introduction and Motivation / Chapter 1:
The Field of High-Energy Astrophysics / 1.1:
Energies, Luminosities, and Timescales / 1.2:
Atmospheric Absorption / 1.3:
Experimental Tools of High-Energy Astrophysics / 1.4:
High-Energy Telescopes / 1.5:
The High-Energy Sky / Chapter 2:
X-ray Maps Up to 10 keV / 2.1:
The Sky Between 10 keV and 1 MeV / 2.2:
Surveys up to 30 MeV / 2.3:
The Highest Energy Maps Produced in Earth Orbit / 2.4:
Relativity / Chapter 3:
Special Relativity / 3.1:
Relativistic Transformation of Physical Laws / 3.2:
General Relativity / 3.3:
Static Spacetimes / 3.4:
Particle Acceleration / Chapter 4:
Gravity / 4.1:
Electromagnetic Fields / 4.2:
Fermi Acceleration / 4.3:
Radiative Processes / Chapter 5:
The Radiation Field / 5.1:
Intensity / 5.2:
Thermal Bremsstrahlung / 5.3:
Single-Particle Synchrotron Emissivity / 5.4:
Thermal Synchrotron / 5.5:
Nonthermal Synchrotron / 5.6:
Compton Scattering / 5.7:
Accretion of Plasma / Chapter 6:
Hydrodynamics / 6.1:
Bondi-Hoyle Accretion / 6.2:
Roche Lobe Geometry in Binaries and Accretion from a Companion Star / 6.3:
Formation of a Disk / 6.4:
Accretion Disk Theory / Chapter 7:
Viscosity and Radial Disk Structure / 7.1:
Standard Thin-Disk Theory / 7.2:
Accretion Columns / 7.3:
Two-Temperature Thin Disks / 7.4:
Thick Accretion Disks / Chapter 8:
Thick-Disk Structure / 8.1:
Radiatively Inefficient Flows / 8.2:
Pulsing Sources / Chapter 9:
Radio Pulsars / 9.1:
X-ray Pulsars / 9.2:
Cataclysmic Variables / 9.3:
Black Holes in Binaries / Chapter 10:
Early Discovery of Black Holes / 10.1:
The Archetypal HMXB Cygnus X-1 / 10.2:
X-ray Novae / 10.3:
QPOs in Black-Hole Binaries / 10.4:
Bursting Stars / Chapter 11:
X-ray Burst Sources / 11.1:
Gamma-Ray Burst Sources / 11.2:
Supermassive Black Holes / Chapter 12:
Their Discovery and Identification / 12.1:
Nearby Objects / 12.2:
Supermassive Black Holes in AGNs / 12.3:
The High-Energy Background / Chapter 13:
Cosmic Rays / 13.1:
Galaxy Clusters / 13.2:
Diffuse Emission / 13.3:
Bibliography
Index
The High-Energy. Sky
Preface
Introduction and Motivation / Chapter 1:
The Field of High-Energy Astrophysics / 1.1:
8.

図書

図書
N.D. Birrell and P.C.W. Davies
出版情報: Cambridge [Cambridgeshire] : Cambridge University Press, 1982  ix, 340 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Cambridge monographs on mathematical physics ; no. 7
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Preface
Conventions and abbreviations
Introduction / 1:
Quantum field theory in Minkowski space / 2:
Scalar field / 2.1:
Quantization / 2.2:
Energy-momentum / 2.3:
Vacuum energy divergence / 2.4:
Dirac spinor field / 2.5:
Electromagnetic field / 2.6:
Green functions / 2.7:
Path-integral quantization / 2.8:
Quantum field theory in curved spacetime / 3:
Spacetime structure / 3.1:
Scalar field quantization / 3.2:
Meaning of the particle concept: particle detectors / 3.3:
Cosmological particle creation: a simple example / 3.4:
Adiabatic vacuum / 3.5:
Adiabatic expansion of Green functions / 3.6:
Conformal vacuum / 3.7:
Fields of arbitrary spin in curved spacetime / 3.8:
Flat spacetime examples / 4:
Cylindrical two-dimensional spacetime / 4.1:
Use of Green functions / 4.2:
Boundary effects / 4.3:
Moving mirrors / 4.4:
Quantum field theory in Rindler space / 4.5:
Curved spacetime examples / 5:
Robertson-Walker spacetimes / 5.1:
Static Robertson-Walker spacetimes / 5.2:
The Milne universe / 5.3:
De Sitter space / 5.4:
Classification of conformal vacua / 5.5:
Bianchi I spacetimes and perturbation theory / 5.6:
Stress-tensor renormalization / 6:
The fundamental problem / 6.1:
Renormalization in the effective action / 6.2:
Conformal anomalies and the massless case / 6.3:
Computing the renormalized stress-tensor / 6.4:
Other regularization methods / 6.5:
Physical significance of the stress-tensor / 6.6:
Applications of renormalization techniques / 7:
Two-dimensional examples / 7.1:
Robertson-Walker models / 7.2:
Perturbation calculation of the stress-tensor / 7.3:
Cosmological considerations / 7.4:
Quantum black holes / 8:
Particle creation by a collapsing spherical body / 8.1:
Physical aspects of black hole emission / 8.2:
Eternal black holes / 8.3:
Analysis of the stress-tensor / 8.4:
Further developments / 8.5:
Interacting fields / 9:
Calculation of S-matrix elements / 9.1:
Self-interacting scalar field in curved spacetime / 9.2:
Particle production due to interaction / 9.3:
Other effects of interactions / 9.4:
References
Index
Preface
Conventions and abbreviations
Introduction / 1:
9.

図書

図書
by V.L. Ginzburg ; translated by D. ter Haar
出版情報: Oxford ; New York : Pergamon Press, 1983  vi, 130 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: International series in natural philosophy ; v. 106
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10.

図書

図書
edited by S.W. Hawking, W. Israel
出版情報: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, c1987  xiii, 684 p. ; 26 cm
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Preface
Newton's Principia / S. W. Hawking1:
Newtonianism and today's physics / S. Weinberg2:
Newton, quantum theory and reality / R. Penrose3:
Experiments on gravitation / A. H. Cook4:
Experimental gravitation from Newton's Principia to Einstein's general relativity / C. M. Will5:
The problem of motion in Newtonian and Einsteinian gravity / T. Damour6:
Dark stars: the evolution of an idea / W. Israel7:
Astrophysical black holes / R. D. Blandford8:
Gravitational radiation / K. S. Thorne9:
The emergence of structure in the universe: galaxy formation and dark matter / M. J. Rees10:
Gravitational interactions of cosmic strings / A. Vilenkin11:
Inflationary cosmology / S. K. Blau ; A. H. Guth12:
Inflation and quantum cosmology / A. Linde13:
Quantum cosmology / 14:
Superstring unification / J. H. Schwartz15:
Covariant description of canonical formalism in geometrical theories / C. Crnkowic ; E. Witten16:
Index
Preface
Newton's Principia / S. W. Hawking1:
Newtonianism and today's physics / S. Weinberg2:
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