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1.

図書

図書
edited by D. Schertzer and S. Lovejoy
出版情報: Dordrecht ; Boston : Kluwer Academic Publishers, c1991  ix, 318 p. ; 25 cm
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2.

図書

図書
Aksel Wiin-Nielsen, Tsing-Chang Chen
出版情報: New York : Oxford University Press, 1993  viii, 376 p. ; 25 cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Introduction / 1:
Some Elementary Considerations / 2:
Basic Aspects of Atmospheric Energy / 3:
Available Potential Energy / 4:
Baroclinic and Barotropic Flow / 5:
Transports of Sensible Heat and Momentum / 6:
Zonal and Eddy Energies / 7:
Divergent and Nondivergent Flow / 8:
Wavenumber Representations / 9:
Interaction Among Waves / 10:
Energetics and Predictability / 11:
Energetics of an Open Domain / 12:
Energetics of Some Special Phenomena / 13:
Quasi-Periodic Variation of Atmospheric Energetics / 14:
Energetics of the Tropics: Planetary Scale / 15:
Energetics of the Tropics: Synoptic Scale / 16:
Energetics of the Southern Hemisphere / 17:
Problems, Exercises, Answers
Bibliography
Introduction / 1:
Some Elementary Considerations / 2:
Basic Aspects of Atmospheric Energy / 3:
3.

図書

図書
David G. Andrews
出版情報: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000  x, 229 p. ; 26 cm
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4.

図書

図書
Peter V. Hobbs
出版情報: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2000  xi, 209 p. ; 24 cm
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Chemical equilibrium / 1:
Chemical thermodynamics / 2:
Chemical kinetics / 3:
Solution chemistry and aqueous equilibria / 4:
Acids and bases / 5:
Oxidation-reduction reactions / 6:
Photochemistry / 7:
Appendices
Chemical equilibrium / 1:
Chemical thermodynamics / 2:
Chemical kinetics / 3:
5.

図書

図書
R.K. Zeytounian
出版情報: Berlin ; New York : Springer-Verlag, c1991  xi, 346 p. ; 25 cm
シリーズ名: Lecture notes in physics ; New ser. m . Monographs ; m5
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6.

図書

図書
Hugo Weichel
出版情報: Bellingham, Wash. : SPIE Optical Engineering Press, c1990  x, 98 p. ; ill. ; 26 cm
シリーズ名: Tutorial texts in optical engineering ; v. TT 3
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7.

図書

図書
J.R. Garratt
出版情報: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1992  xviii, 316 p. ; 26 cm
シリーズ名: Cambridge atmospheric and space science series
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Preface
Symbols
Abbreviations
The atmospheric boundary layer / 1:
Introduction / 1.1:
History / 1.2:
Observing the ABL / 1.3:
ABL modelling / 1.4:
Applications / 1.5:
Scope of the book / 1.6:
Nomenclature and some definitions / 1.7:
Notes and bibliography
Basic equations for mean and fluctuating quantities / 2:
Turbulence and flow description / 2.1:
Governing equations for mean and fluctuating quantities / 2.2:
The simplified mean equations / 2.3:
The turbulence closure problem / 2.4:
The second-moment equations / 2.5:
Turbulent kinetic energy and stability parameters / 2.6:
Scaling laws for mean and turbulent quantities / 3:
The wind profile: simple considerations / 3.1:
Wind profile laws: the neutral case / 3.2:
Monin-Obukhov similarity theory: the non-neutral surface layer / 3.3:
Generalized ABL similarity theory / 3.4:
Similarity theory and turbulence statistics / 3.5:
Surface roughness and local advection / 4:
Aerodynamic characteristics of the land / 4.1:
Scalar roughness lengths / 4.2:
The vegetation canopy / 4.3:
Flow over the sea / 4.4:
Local advection and the internal boundary layer / 4.5:
Energy fluxes at the land surface / 5:
Surface energy balance and soil heat flux / 5.1:
Radiation fluxes / 5.2:
Evaporation / 5.3:
Condensation / 5.4:
The thermally stratified atmospheric boundary layer / 6:
The convective boundary layer / 6.1:
The stable (nocturnal) boundary layer / 6.2:
The marine atmospheric boundary layer / 6.3:
Mesoscale flow and IBL growth / 6.4:
The cloud-topped boundary layer / 7:
General properties of the CTBL / 7.1:
Observations / 7.2:
Radiation fluxes and cloud-top radiative cooling / 7.3:
Entrainment and entrainment instability / 7.4:
Numerical modelling of the CTBL / 7.5:
Atmospheric boundary-layer modelling and parameterization schemes / 8:
Surface temperature / 8.1:
Surface humidity (soil moisture) / 8.3:
Canopy parameterization / 8.4:
Surface fluxes / 8.5:
Rate equation for ABL depth / 8.6:
Turbulence closure schemes / 8.7:
ABL cloud parameterization / 8.8:
The atmospheric boundary layer, climate and climate modelling / 9:
Sensitivity of climate to the ABL and to land surface / 9.1:
Research priorities / 9.3:
Appendices
References
Index
Basic equations for mean and fluctuating quantites
Scaling laws for mean and turbulent quantites
The thermally stratified ABL
The cloud topped boundary layer
ABL modelling and parameterisation schemes
The impact of the ABL on climate.
Preface
Symbols
Abbreviations
8.

図書

図書
George W. Kattawar, editor
出版情報: Bellingham, Wash. : SPIE--The International Society for Optical Engineering, c1991  xiii, 642 p. ; 28 cm
シリーズ名: SPIE milestone series / Brian J. Thompson, general editor ; v. MS 42
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9.

図書

図書
Craig F. Bohren, editor
出版情報: Bellingham, Wash., USA : SPIE Optical Engineering Press, c1989  xiv, 641 p. ; 28 cm
シリーズ名: SPIE milestone series / Brian J. Thompson, general editor ; v. MS 7
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10.

図書

図書
John T. Houghton
出版情報: Cambridge [Cambridgeshire] : Cambridge University Press, 1986  xiv, 271 p. ; 26 cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface to first edition
Preface to second edition
Acknowledgements
Some basic ideas / 1:
Planetary atmospheres / 1.1:
Equilibrium temperatures / 1.2:
Hydrostatic equation / 1.3:
Adiabatic lapse rate / 1.4:
Sandstrom's theorem / 1.5:
Problems
A radiative equilibrium model / 2:
Black-body radiation / 2.1:
Absorption and emission / 2.2:
Radiative equilibrium in a grey atmosphere / 2.3:
Radiative time constants / 2.4:
The greenhouse effect / 2.5:
Thermodynamics / 3:
Entropy of dry air / 3.1:
Vertical motion of saturated air / 3.2:
The tephigram / 3.3:
Total potential energy of an air column / 3.4:
Available potential energy / 3.5:
Zonal and eddy energy / 3.6:
More complex radiation transfer / 4:
Solar radiation: its modification by scattering / 4.1:
Absorption of solar radiation by ozone / 4.2:
Absorption by single lines / 4.3:
Transmission of an atmospheric path / 4.4:
The integral equation of transfer / 4.5:
Integration over frequency / 4.6:
Heating rate due to radiative processes / 4.7:
Cooling by carbon dioxide emission from upper stratosphere and lower mesosphere / 4.8:
Band models / 4.9:
Continuum absorption / 4.10:
Global radiation budget / 4.11:
The middle and upper atmospheres / 5:
Temperature structure / 5.1:
Diffusive separation / 5.2:
The escape of hydrogen / 5.3:
The energy balance of the thermosphere / 5.4:
Photochemical processes / 5.5:
Breakdown of thermodynamic equilibrium / 5.6:
Clouds / 6:
Cloud formation / 6.1:
The growth of cloud particles / 6.2:
The radiative properties of clouds / 6.3:
Radiative transfer in clouds / 6.4:
Dynamics / 7:
Total and partial derivatives / 7.1:
Equations of motion / 7.2:
The geostrophic approximation / 7.3:
Cyclostrophic motion / 7.4:
Surfaces of constant pressure / 7.5:
The thermal wind equation
The equation of continuity / 7.7:
Atmospheric waves / 8:
Introduction / 8.1:
Sound waves / 8.2:
Gravity waves / 8.3:
Rossby waves / 8.4:
The vorticity equation / 8.5:
Three dimensional Rossby-type waves / 8.6:
Turbulence / 9:
The Reynolds number / 9.1:
Reynolds stresses / 9.2:
Ekman's solution / 9.3:
The mixing-length hypothesis / 9.4:
Ekman pumping / 9.5:
The spectrum of atmospheric turbulence / 9.6:
The general circulation / 10:
Laboratory experiments / 10.1:
A symmetric circulation / 10.2:
Inertial instability / 10.3:
Barotropic instability / 10.4:
Baroclinic instability / 10.5:
Sloping convection / 10.6:
Energy transport / 10.7:
Transport of angular momentum / 10.8:
The general circulation of the middle atmosphere / 10.9:
Numerical modelling / 11:
A barotropic model / 11.1:
Baroclinic models / 11.2:
Primitive equation models / 11.3:
Inclusion of orography / 11.4:
Convection / 11.5:
Moist processes / 11.6:
Radiation transfer / 11.7:
Inclusion of clouds / 11.8:
Sub grid scale processes / 11.9:
Transfer across the surface / 11.10:
Forecasting models / 11.11:
Other models / 11.12:
Global observation / 12:
What observations are required? / 12.1:
Conventional observations / 12.2:
Remote sounding from satellites / 12.3:
Remote sounding of atmospheric temperature / 12.4:
Remote measurements of composition / 12.5:
Other remote sounding observations / 12.6:
Observations from remote platforms / 12.7:
Achieving global coverage / 12.8:
Atmospheric predictability and climatic change / 13:
Short-term predictability / 13.1:
Variations of climate / 13.2:
Atmospheric feedback processes / 13.3:
Different kinds of predictability / 13.4:
Jupiter's Great Red Spot / 13.5:
The challenge of climate research / 13.6:
Appendices
Some useful physical constants and data on dry air
Properties of water vapour
Atmospheric composition
Relation of geopotential to geometric height
Model atmospheres (0-105 km)
Mcan rcference atmosphere (110-500 km)
The Planck function
Solar radiation
Absorption of solar radiation by oxygen and ozone
Spectral band information
Bibliography
References to works cited in the text
Answers to problems and hints to their solution
Index
Preface to first edition
Preface to second edition
Acknowledgements
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