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1.

図書

図書
Laurence Greene
出版情報: New York ; Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2010  xxx, 482 p. ; 24 cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface
An Introduction to Writing in the Life Sciences
Intended Audiences
The Culture of Science and Scientific Communication
Our Approaches to Successful Scientific Writing
A Critical Thinking Approach
A Process-based Approach
A Problem Solving Approach
A Goal-directed Approach
An Audience-centered Approach
A Discipline-specific and Content-rich Approach
Defining Your Writing Project / Chapter 1:
Chapter Introduction
About the Process
Analyzing Your Writing Task
Attending to Instructions, Guidelines, and Evaluation Criteria
Seeking Clarification of Problematic Assignments and Directions
Selecting a Topic and Refining a Research Issue
Brainstorm topics that inspire your interest and enthusiasm
Ask knowledgeable experts for advice on hot research issues
Learn about hot research issues from the scientific literature
Learn about hot research issues on the Internet
Use your task analysis to refine your research issue
Add a novel twist to your selected research issue Check ahead for the availability of scientific literature on selected research issues
Make sure that you have sufficient time and resources to learn the science on your research issue
Learning about Scientific Discourse Conventions
Research Papers
Review Papers
Research Proposals
Analyzing Your Audiences
Key Questions for Audience Analysis
Taking Notes on Your Audience Analysis
Searching for Scientific Literature
Evaluating the Credibility of Published Scientific Literature
Searching for Peer-reviewed Journal Articles: Research Papers and Review Papers
Searching for Scientific Books
Searching for Scientific Literature on Web Sites
Reading to Learn Science
Solving Comprehension Problems
Reading and Taking Notes on Published Research Papers
Summing Up and Stepping Ahead
Developing a Goal-based Plan / Chapter 2:
Setting the Framework for Your Goal-based Plan
Distinguishing between Just-Okay Goals and Powerful Rhetorical Goals
Devising Strategies for Accomplishing Rhetorical Goals
The Structure of a Goal-based Plan
Taking Goal-based Planning to Heart
Relying Your Experience in Scientific Writing
Adopting and Adapting Conventional Guidelines
Using Model Papers
Applying Your Task and Audience Analyses
Using the Helicopter Thinking Method
Starting to Draft
Revising Your Goal-based Plan
Check for whether your rhetorical goals are appropriate for the major sections in which you have placed them
Check your rhetorical goals for their content-generating potential
Check your rhetorical goals for their audience-affecting potential
Check your strategies for their detail and depth
Check your strategies for whether they are logically related to their rhetorical goals Summing Up and Stepping Ahead
Generating Content / Chapter 3:
Solo and Collaborative Brainstorming
Solo Brainstorming
Collaborative Brainstorming
Reading for Relevance
Interpreting Study Data
Interpreting the Statistical Significance of Study Data
Interpreting the Practical Significance of Study Data
Synthesizing Study Outcomes
Focusing on Rhetorical Goals that Require Synthesis
Creating a Summary Chart to Guide Synthesis
Synthesizing Studies with Similar Conclusions
Synthesizing Studies with Contrasting Conclusions
Constructing Convincing Scientific Arguments
Setting up the Structure of a Scientific Argument
Evaluating Published Scientific Arguments
Evaluating Research Methods
Summing up and Stepping Ahead
Organizing Content and Writing a Draft / Chapter 4:
About the Process: Organizing Content
Choosing a Design for Your Organizing Plan
Taking a Principled Approach to Organizing Content
Organizing Your Paper's Major Sections
Organizing Your Paper's Subsections
Deciding Which Parts of Your Plan to Emphasize
About the Process: Writing a Draft:
Drafting Titles
Drafting Abstracts
Drafting Section Headings
Drafting Paragraphs
Drafting Sentences
Drafting Graphics
Citing References
Avoiding Plagiarism
Revising Document Design, Global Structure, and Content / Chapter 5:
About the Process: Revising for Matters of Document Design
About the Process: Revising for Matters of Global Structure
Disordered Sections
Weak Global Unity
Mismatched Organizing Themes
Redundancy of Content across Sections
About the Process: Revising for Matters of Content
Missing Content
Ambiguous Content
Inaccurate Content
Content that Misses the Target on Key Rhetorical Goals
Content that Fails to Adequately Address Concerns of Audience
Saying Too Little or Too Much
Logical Fallacies in Scientific Arguments
Revising Graphics
Excelling at Collegial Peer Review
Apply key methods of independent revision to guide your peer review
Take a goal-directed approach to generating feedback
Make it constructive criticism
Take on the role of writing teacher
Encourage dialogue
Avoid giving feedback based on personal preferences and pet peeves
Revising Paragraphs / Chapter 6:
Revising for Unity
Fractured Unity
Faded Unity
Frazzled Unity
Revising Topic Sentences
Missing Topic Sentences (when they're needed)
Misplaced Topic Sentences
Topic Sentences as Broken Promises
Vague Topic Sentences
Topic Sentences that are Too Specific
Revising for Coherence
Disordered Ideas
Missing Knowledge Links (when they're needed)
Oversights of Readers' Expectations
Lack of Parallel Structure (when it's needed)
Revising for Cohesion
Missing Cohesion Cues
Misplaced Cohesion Cues
Unnecessary Cohesion Cues
Revising for Sentence Variety
Lack of Variety in Sentence Length
Lack of Variety in Sentence Beginnings
Lack of Variety in Grammatical Structure
Lack of Variety in Tone
Revising for Paragraph Design
Revising Sentences / Chapter 7:
Revising for Logic and Clarity
Illogical Expressions and Comparisons
Anthropomorphism
Dangling Modifiers
Vagueness
Unclear Pronoun Reference
Illogical Tense Shifts
Problematic Shifts in Point of View
Misplaced and Awkward Phrasing
Inappropriate Emphasis
Revising for Style and Structure
Weak Subjects and Verbs
Misuses of Active Voice and Passive Voice
Wordiness
Unnecessary Jargon
Excessive Separation of Subjects and Verbs
Long Noun Trains
Lack of Parallel Structure
Revising Basic Grammar Errors
Sentence Fragments
Subject-Verb Disagreement
Noun-Pronoun Disagreement
Revising for Word Choice
Affect, Effect
As, Because, Since
Amount, Number
Compose, Comprise
Gender, Sex
Less, Few, Fewer,
Study, Experiment
That, Which
Than, Then
Who, Whom
Revising Punctuation and Mechanics
Problems Involving Commas
Problems Involving Semicolons
Problems Involving Apostrophes
Problems Involving Colons
Problems Involving Hyphens
Problems Involving Quotation Marks
Problems Involving Capitalization
Revising for Biased and Inadvertently Offensive Language
Sexist Language
Age-Biased Language
Biased Language Involving Ethnic and Racial Groups
Rhetorical Goals for Scientific Papers / Chapter 8:
Rhetorical Goals for Introduction Sections
Present your research issue and explain its unresolved status. / Rhetorical Goal 1:
Convince readers that your research issue is truly important and therefore worth resolving. / Rhetorical Goal 2:
State your hypotheses and explain their rationale. / Rhetorical Goal 3:
Introduce the novel and unique features of your research and writing project. / Rhetorical Goal 4:
Present the specific purposes of your research and writing project. / Rhetorical Goal 5:
Present your claims. / Rhetorical Goal 6:
Describe the methods that you used, or plan to use, in carrying out your study. / Rhetorical Goal 7:
Justify your use of selected methods. Rhetorical Goals for Results Sections / Rhetorical Goal 8:
Present the results that are essential for reaching and supporting your conclusions. / Rhetorical Goal 9:
Rhetorical Goals for Discussion Sections
Briefly reintroduce the defining features of your study. / Rhetorical Goal 10:
State your conclusions and support them with your study's results. / Rhetorical Goal 11:
Relate your study's outcomes to those from previous studies on your research issue. / Rhetorical Goal 12:
Discuss the mechanisms that underlie your study's main results, and argue for the most plausible underlying mechanisms (when such an argument is warranted). / Rhetorical Goal 13:
Acknowledge significant methodological shortcomings to your study, and explain how they may have influenced its outcomes. / Rhetorical Goal 14:
Discuss the practical implications and applications of your study's results. / Rhetorical Goal 15:
Propose future studies on your research issue. / Rhetorical Goal 16:
Rhetorical Goals for the Body of Review Papers
Provide essential background knowledge about the studies, critical evaluations, and arguments that are central to your review paper. / Rhetorical Goal 17:
Summarize the published studies on your topic or research issue. / Rhetorical Goal 18:
Synthesize the published studies on your topic or research issue. / Rhetorical Goal 19:
Explain and argue for the mechanisms underlying the results of the published studies you are reviewing. / Rhetorical Goal 20:
Convince readers to accept your original arguments. / Rhetorical Goal 21:
Rhetorical Goals for the Conclusion Section of Review Papers
Briefly reiterate the key information, ideas, and arguments that were central to the body of your review paper. / Rhetorical Goal 22:
Suggest future directions and new studies on your paper's topic or research issue. / Rhetorical Goal 23:
Guidelines for Preparing and Delivering Oral Presentations and Poster Presentations / Appendix A:
Glossary of Sentence Grammar Terms / Appendix B:
References
Index
Preface
An Introduction to Writing in the Life Sciences
Intended Audiences
2.

図書

図書
Justin Zobel
出版情報: Singapore ; New York : Springer, c1997  xiii, 176 p. ; 24 cm
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3.

図書

図書
Petey Young
出版情報: Amsterdam : Elsevier, c2006  vii, 116 p. ; 23 cm
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4.

図書

図書
Michael Alley
出版情報: New York ; Tokyo : Springer-Verlag, c2003  xv, 241 p. ; 24 cm
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Introduction
Speech: The Words You Say
Structure: The Strategy You Choose
Visual Aids: Your Supporting Cast
Delivery: You, the Room, and the Audience
Conclusion
Design of Scientific Posters / Appendix A:
Checklist for Presentations / Appendix B:
Introduction
Speech: The Words You Say
Structure: The Strategy You Choose
5.

図書

図書
Marlana Coe
出版情報: New York : Wiley, c1996  xv, 350 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Wiley technical communation library
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6.

図書

図書
F.W. Lancaster
出版情報: New York : Academic Press, 1978  xii, 179 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Library and information science / consulting editors, Harold Borko and Elaine Svenonius
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7.

図書

図書
edited by Richard D. Robinson
出版情報: New York : Taylor & Francis, c1991  viii, 226 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Series on international business and trade
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8.

図書

図書
[by] Richard S. Rosenbloom [and] Francis W. Wolek
出版情報: Boston : Division of Research, Graduate School of Business Administration, Harvard University, 1970  xiv, 174 p. ; 21 cm
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9.

図書

図書
by Sidney Passman
出版情報: Oxford ; New York : Pergamon Press, 1969  x, 151 p. ; 22 cm
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10.

図書

図書
William B. Krantz
出版情報: Amsterdam ; Tokyo : Academic Press is an imprint of Elsevier, c2017  xix, 95 p. ; 23 cm
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