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1.

図書

図書
Michael Begon, Colin R. Townsend, John L. Harper
出版情報: Malden, Mass. : Blackwell Publishing, 2006  xii, 738 p. ; 27 cm
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Preface
Introduction: Ecology and its Domain
Introduction
Organisms / Part 1:
Organisms in their environments: the evolutionary backdrop / 1:
Organisms in their Environments: the Evolutionary Backdrop
Conditions / 2:
Resources / 3:
Life, death and life histories / 4:
Intraspecific competition / 5:
Life, Death and Life Histories / 6:
Dispersal, dormancy and metapopulations
Ecological applications at the level of organisms and single-species populations / 7:
Intraspecific Competition
Species Interactions / Part 2:
Dispersal, Dormancy and Metapopulations / 8:
Interspecific competition
The nature of predation / 9:
Ecological Applications at the Level of Organisms and Single-Species Populations: Restoration, Biosecurity and Conservation
The population dynamics of predation / 10:
Decomposers and detritivores / 11:
Interspecific Competition / 12:
Parasitism and disease
Symbiosis and mutualism / 13:
The Nature of Predation
Abundance / 14:
The Population Dynamics of Predation / 15:
Ecological applications at the level of population interactions
Communities And Ecosystems / Part 3:
Decomposers and Detritivores
The nature of the community / 16:
Parasitism and Disease / 17:
The flux of energy through ecosystems
The flux of matter through ecosystems / 18:
Symbiosis and Mutualism
The influence of population interactions on community structure / 19:
Food webs / 20:
Patterns in species richness / 21:
Ecological Applications at the Level of Population Interactions: Pest Control and Harvest Management
Ecological applications at the level of communities and ecosystems / 22:
Communities and Ecosystems
References
Organism Index
Subject Index
The Nature of the Community: Patterns in Space and Time
The Flux of Energy through Ecosystems
The Flux of Matter through-Ecosystems
The Influence of Population Interactions on Community Structure
Food Webs
Patterns in Species Richness
Ecological Applications at the Level of Communities and Ecosystems: Management Based on the Theory of Succession, Food Webs, Ecosystem Functioning and Biodiversity
Preface
Introduction: Ecology and its Domain
Introduction
2.

図書

図書
Gaylon S. Campbell, John M. Norman
出版情報: New York : Springer, c1998  xxi, 286 p. ; 24 cm
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3.

図書

図書
Stanley I. Dodson ... [et al.]
出版情報: New York : Oxford University Press, 1998  xiv, 434 p., [16] p. of plates ; 25 cm
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Preface
Acknowledgments
Contributors
What Is Ecology? / Stanley I. Dodson1:
Looking at Nature from Different Perspectives
People and Nature / Nancy E. Langston2:
Understanding the Changing Interactions Between People and Ecological Systems
Landscape Ecology / Monica G. Turner3:
Living in a Mosaic
Ecosystem ecology / Stephen R. Carpenter4:
Integrated Physical, Chemical and Biological Processes
Physiological ecology / James F. Kitchell5:
Tradeoffs for Individuals
Behavioral Ecology / Robert L. Jeanne6:
Investigating the Adaptive Value of Behavior
Population Ecology / Anthony R. Ives7:
The Waxing and Waning of Populations
Community Ecology / Timothy F.H. Allen8:
The Issue at the Center
References
Glossary
Index
Preface
Acknowledgments
Contributors
4.

図書

図書
Jonathan Turk
出版情報: Philadelphia : Saunders College Pub., c1985  xiv, 330 p. ; 26 cm
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5.

図書

図書
Vernon L. Smith
出版情報: New York : Cambridge University Press, 2008  xx, 364 p. ; 24 cm
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Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
Rationality, Markets, and Institutions / Part I:
Rediscovering the Scottish Philosophers / 1:
Exchange in Social and Economic Order
Lessons from Scotland
On Two Forms of Rationality / 2:
Constructivist Rationality
Limitations and Distractions of Constructivist Rationality
Ecological Rationality
Implications
Impersonal Exchange: The Extended Order of the Market / Part II:
Relating the Two Concepts of a Rational Order / 3:
Airline Route Deregulation
The California Energy Crisis
Economic Systems Design
Constructivism as Rational Reconstruction of Emergent Order
Market Institutions and Performance / 4:
Knowledge, Institutions, and Markets
The Iowa Electronic Market
Strategy Proof-ness: Theory and Behavior
Did Gresham Have a Law?
Market Power and the Efficacy of Markets
Equilibrium with a Dominant Firm?
The Ethyl Case and Antitrust Policy
Gasoline Market Behavior and Competition Policy
Predatory Pricing
Entry Cost and Competition: Contestable Markets Theory
Asymmetric Information and Equilibrium without Process / 5:
Rationality in Asymmetric Information Markets
The Neoclassical Synthesis
Hayek and the Hurwicz Program
Experimental Markets with Asymmetric Information
Markets for Quality
Labor Markets and Efficiency Wages
FCC Spectrum Auctions and Combinatorial Designs: Theory and Experiment / 6:
Auctions: Modeling Institutions
Economics of English Auctions
Independent Private Values
Common Values
Review of Relevant Experimental Results
Single Object Auctions
Common Value Auctions
A "Winner's Curse" in Private Value English Auctions for Gambles?
Jump Bidding and the Class of Badly Performing Multiple-Unit English Auctions
The English Clock Corrects Bad Performance
Combinatorial Auctions
Tests of SMR and a Proposed Alternative
The FCC Auction Design Process
Auction Design for Complex Environments
The Combo Clock: Simple Solutions for Complex Auctions
Implications for the Design of Spectrum Auctions
Psychology and Markets / 7:
Psychology's Challenge to Constructivist Rationality
Psychology, Economics, and the Two Forms of Rationality
What Is Fairness?
Examples of Fairness
Fairness: An Experimental Market Test
What Is Rationality? / 8:
Economic Survival versus Maximizing Utility
Maximizing the Probability of Survival
Maximizing Expected "Profit," or Discounted Withdrawals
Is It Rational to Be "Rational"?
Literature Background
Modeling Net Subjective Value
Examples from Experiments
Monetary Incentives: Further Discussion
Rationality in Collectives and the Sense of Number
Market Rationality: Capital versus Commodity and Service Flow Markets
Personal Exchange: The External Order of Social Exchange / Part III:
Emergent Order without the Law / 9:
Rules and Order
Ellickson Out-Coases Coase
The Effects of Context on Behavior / 10:
Introduction and Elementary Theoretical Background
Perspectives on Interpreting Results
How Does Context Matter?
Anonymity as a Treatment Procedure
Perception, Context, and the Internal Order of the Mind
The Significance of Experimental Procedures
Overview of Experimental Procedures
The Ultimatum Game Example
Dictator Games
Behavioral Deviation from Prediction: Error, Confusion, or Evidence of Brain Function? / Appendix:
Investment Trust Games: Effects of Gains from Exchange in Dictator Giving / 11:
A Celebrated Two-Stage Dictator Game
Reciprocity or Other-Regarding Preferences?
Reciprocity in Trust Games / 12:
Trust Games without a Punishment Option
Why So Much Cooperation?
Is It the Subjects? Undergraduates versus Graduates
Machiavelli, Trust, and Cooperation: Mandeville's Knaves?
Is It Utility for Other Payoff?
Reciprocity versus Preferences: Does Own Opportunity Cost Influence Other Choice?
Extensive versus Normal (Strategic) Form Games
Trust Games with Punishment Options
Self-Regarding Cooperation in Repeat Play? Protocols with and without Direct Punishment
Effect of Matching Protocol on Frequency of Cooperation in Trust Games with and without Punishment
Comparison of Behavior in the Repeated Play of Extensive and Normal Form Games
A Matching Protocol Based on Sorting for Cooperative Behavior
Order and Rationality in Method and Mind / Part IV:
Rationality in Science / 13:
Rational Constructivism in Method
Can We Derive Theory Directly from Observation?
Economics: Is It an Experimental Science?
What Is the Scientists' qua Experimentalists' Image of What They Do?
Auxiliaries and the Ambiguity of Rejecting the "Test" Hypothesis
A D-Q Example from Physics
A Proposition and Some Economics Examples
The Methodology of Positive Economics
In View of Proposition 2, What Are Experimentalists and Theorists to Do?
Experimental Knowledge Drives Experimental Method
The Machine Builders
Technology and Science
Technology and Experimental Economics
In Conclusion
Neuroeconomics: The Internal Order of the Mind / 14:
Individual Decision Making
Rewards and the Brain
Strategic Interaction: Moves, Intentions, and Mind Reading
What Are the Neuroeconomic Questions?
A Summary / 15:
References
Index
Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
6.

図書

図書
Thomas N. Sherratt, David M. Wilkinson
出版情報: Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2009  xi, 297 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Oxford biology
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Preface
Why do we age? / 1:
Why sex? / 2:
Why cooperate? / 3:
Why species? / 4:
Why are the tropics so diverse? / 5:
Is nature chaotic? / 6:
Why is the land green? / 7:
Why is the sea blue? / 8:
When did we start to change things? / 9:
How will biosphere end? / 10:
General Conclusions / 11:
Species List
Glossary
Bibliography
Subject Index
Preface
Why do we age? / 1:
Why sex? / 2:
7.

図書

図書
herausgegeben und bearbeitet von der Redaktion Naturwissenschaft und Medizin des Bibliographischen Instituts unter der Leitung von Karl-Heinz Ahlheim ; wissenschaftliche Mitarbeit, Kurt Egger, Jürgen Bässler, Dieter Teufel
出版情報: Mannheim : Bibliographisches Institut Mannheim : Meyers Lexikonverlag ,1975  552 p. ; 23 cm
シリーズ名: Wie funktioniert das?
Meyer Nachschlagewerk
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8.

図書

図書
[by] R. F. Christman [and others]
出版情報: Pacific Palisades, Calif. : Goodyear Pub. Co, [c1973]  228 p ; 25 cm
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9.

図書

図書
[by] Patrick R. Dugan
出版情報: New York : Plenum Press, 1972  ix, 159 p. ; 24 cm
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10.

図書

図書
David H. Miller
出版情報: New York : Academic Press, 1981  xvii, 516 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: International geophysics series : a series of monographs and textbooks / edited by Renata Dmowska and James R. Holton ; v. 27
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