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1.

図書

図書
by Julian Huxley
出版情報: New York : New American Library, 1957, c1953  141 p., [8] p. of plates ; 18 cm
シリーズ名: A Mentor book ; MD 204
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2.

図書

図書
Geerat J. Vermeij
出版情報: Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, c1987  xv, 527 p. ; 25 cm
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Preface
A Theory of Adaptation / Part 1:
Aptations and Selective Agencies / Chapter 1:
Natural Selection and Adaptation
The Recognition of Aptations
Effectiveness, Improvement, and Escalation
Environmental Challenges and Pathways of Adaptation
The Ranking of Selective Agencies
Limits to Adaptation / Chapter 2:
The Nature of Limitation
Genetic and Developmental Limitation
Ecological Limitation
The Spatial Dimension
Summary of the Theory of Adaptation
Hypotheses and Their Evaluation in a Historical Science / Chapter 3:
Predictions from the Theory of Adaptation
The Nature of Historical Inquiry
Artifacts and Resolution in the Fossil Record
Functional Morphology and Ecological Inference in Fossils
The Acquisition of Resources / Part 2:
Mechanisms and History of Competition / Chapter 4:
Types of Competition
Clones and Colonies
Competition in Plants
Metabolic Rate and Competition
Competition for Mates
Summary
Safe Places, Anachronistic Aptations, and the Recycling of Resources / Chapter 5:
The Invasion of Safe Places and Its Consequences
The Identification of Safe Places
Deep Water
Caves and Interstitial Environments
The Infaunal Environment
Bioerosion and the Endolithic Environment
Fresh Water and the Dry Land
Parasitism and Mutualism
The Predators of Armored Animals: Functional Morphology and History / Chapter 6:
Methods of Subjugation
The History of Molluscivory
Summary and Conclusions
The Evolution of Armor and Locomotion / Part 3:
The Functional Morphology and History of Gastropod Armor / Chapter 7:
The Functions of Armor
The Characteristics of Gastropod Shell Armor
The Effectiveness of Gastropod Armor
The History of Gastropod Armor
The History of Traces of Predation
Opportunistic Armor: The Evolution of the Conchicolous Habit / Chapter 8:
The Conchicolous Habit
Benefits and Risks of the Conchicolous Habit
The Effects of Shell Supply
Improving the Shell Resource
The History of the Conchicolous Habit
Evolutionary Effects of Conchicoles on Shell-Builders
Locomotion and the Evolution of Movement in Gastropods / Chapter 9:
General Features of Locomotion
Locomotion in Gastropods
The History of Gastropod Burrowing
Armor and Locomotion in Cephalopods / Chapter 10:
Adaptational Dilemmas
The History of Cephalopod Armor
Locomotion in Cephalopods
Armor and Locomotion in Bivalved Animals / Chapter 11:
The Bivalve Shell
Vivalve Armor
Patterns of Armor in Space and Time
Traces of Predation
Locomotion in Pelecypods
Armor and Locomotion in Articulated Animals / Chapter 12:
Functional Possibilities and Limitations
Arthropod Molting
Conglobation in Arthropods
The Carapace Form in Arthropods
Size in Land Arthropods
Bamacles
Echinoderms
Armor in Vertebrates
Swimming in Vertebrates
Running in Land Animals
Powered Flight
Escalation, Diversification, and Extinction / Part 4:
The Dynamics of Escalation / Chapter 13:
A Review of the Evidence Pertaining to Escalation
A Chronology of Phanerozoic Escalation
The Role of Extrinsic Events
Conditions Favorable to Escalation
Marine Transgressions and Productivity
Climatic Change and Biotic Interchange
Intrinsic Factors: The Importance of Nutrients
Extinction / Chapter 14:
A Theory of Extinction
Timing, Frequency, and Magnitude of Extinction
The Decrease in Extinction Rate
Selectivity
Population Size and Geographical Range
Post-Crisis Conditions
Implications, Difficulties, and Future Directions / Chapter 15:
The Domain of Individual Adaptation
Evolutionary Progress
Objections and Alternative Interpretations
Future Research
Appendix
References
Index
Preface
A Theory of Adaptation / Part 1:
Aptations and Selective Agencies / Chapter 1:
3.

図書

図書
Karl Pearson
出版情報: London : J.M. Dent, 1937  xxv, 357 p. ; 18 cm
シリーズ名: Everyman's library ; no. 939 ; Science
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4.

図書

図書
E. N. Willmer
出版情報: New York : Academic Press, 1970  x, 649 p. ; 24 cm
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5.

図書

図書
by Rupert Riedl ; translated by R. P. S. Jefferies
出版情報: Chichester ; New York : Wiley, c1978  xx, 313 p. ; 26 cm
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6.

図書

図書
by Philip Paul Wiener ; with a foreword by John Dewey
出版情報: Cambridge : Harvard University Press, 1949  xiv, 288 p. ; 25 cm
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7.

図書

図書
出版情報: London : Blackie and son limited, 1925  xv, 517 p., A-L p. ; 23 cm
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8.

図書

図書
Bernd-Olaf Küppers ; foreword by Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker
出版情報: Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, c1990  xxi, 215 p. ; 24 cm
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9.

図書

図書
Jeffrey Levinton
出版情報: Cambridge [Cambridgeshire] ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1988  xiv, 637 p. ; 25 cm
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10.

図書

図書
editor-in-chief, Bernhard Grzimek
出版情報: New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., c1976  560 p. ; 25 cm
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