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1.

図書

図書
by Michael Polanyi
出版情報: Chicago : University of Chicago Press, c1959  102 p. ; 19 cm
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2.

図書

図書
H.M. Collins and T.J. Pinch
出版情報: London : Routledge, 2009  x, 210 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Routledge library editions ; . History and philosophy of science ; v. 5
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目次情報: 続きを見る
The titles to be included are
The Astronomical Revolution: Copernicus, Kepler, Boreli / A. Koyre
Beyond Empiricism: Philosophy of Science in Sociology / A. Tudor
Boundaries of the Universe / John S. Glasby
British Scientists of the Eighteenth Century / J G Crowther
British Scientists of the Nineteenth Century
Common Scientist in the Seventeenth Century: A Study of the Dublin Philosophical Society 1683-1708 / T. Hoppen
Continuous Creation: A Biological Concept of the Nature of Matter by Wilfred Branfield
Cooke and Wheatstone and the Invention of the Electric Telegraph / Geoffrey Hubbard
Darwin and the Naked Lady / Alex
Comfort Empiricism, Explanation and Rationality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences / L. Doyal ; R. Harris
Evidence and Explanation in Social Science: An Interdisciplinary Approach / G. Studdert-Kennedy
Evidence and Meaning: Studies in Analytical Philosophy / Robert J. Fogelin
Evolution and Human Behaviour / Alex Alland Jr.
Evolutionary Theory and Christian Belief / D. Lack
Experience and Theory: An Essay in the Philosophy of Science / Stephan Korner
Foundations of Inference in Natural Science / J. O. Wisdom
Frames of Meaning The Social Construction of Extraordinary Science / H.M. Collins ; T.J. Pinch
Francis Bacon: From Magic to Science / P. Rossi
Induction and Intuition in Scientific Thought / P B Medawar
Method in the Physical Sciences / G. Schlesinger
Modern Philosophy of Science: Selected Essays / Hans Reichenbach
Objectivity, Science and Society: Interpreting Nature and Society in the Age of the Crises of Science / P.A. Komesaroff
Philosophy and Scientific Realism / J.J.C. Smart
Philosophy of Science and Sociology: From the Methodological Doctrine to Research in Practice / E. Mokrzycki
Prometheus, or Biology and the Advancement of Man / H.S. Jennings
A Question of Physics: Conversations in Physics and Biology / P. Buckley ; F.D. Peat
The Royal Society: Concept and Creation / Margery Purver
Science and Aesthetic Judgment: A Study in Taine's Critical Method / Sholom J Kahn
Science and ESP edited / J.R. Smythies
Science, industry and society Studies in the sociology of science / Stephen Cotgrove ; Steven Box
Science, Technology and Economic Growth in the Eighteenth Century / A.E. Musson
Scientific Knowledge and Sociological Theory / Barry. Barnes
The Scientific Revolution / P.M. Harman
Social Impact of Modern Biology / W. Fuller
The titles to be included are
The Astronomical Revolution: Copernicus, Kepler, Boreli / A. Koyre
Beyond Empiricism: Philosophy of Science in Sociology / A. Tudor
3.

図書

図書
by Rudolf A. Carnap ; translated by Rolf A. George
出版情報: London : Routledge K. Paul, 1967  xxvi, 364 p. ; 24 cm
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4.

図書

図書
Kofi Kissi Dompere
出版情報: Berlin : Springer, c2009  xxiv, 289 p. ; 24cm
シリーズ名: Studies in fuzziness and soft computing ; 237
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Fuzzy Rationality, Uncertainty and Expectations / 1:
Expectations and Rationality / 1.1:
Information, Knowledge and Uncertainty / 1.1.1:
Explications of Possibility and Probability in Decision-Choice Rationality / 1.1.2:
Rationality, Expectations and Uncertainty / 1.2:
Fuzzy Rationality and Classical Sub-optimal Rationality / 2:
The Relationship Between Fuzzy Optimal Rationality and Classical Sub-rationality / 2.1:
Fuzzification, Defuzzification and Fuzzy Rationality / 2.2:
Fuzzification in General Fuzzy Rationality / 2.2.1:
A Note on Real Number System, Fuzzy Number System and Fuzzy Rationality / 2.2.2:
Defuzzification, Fuzzy Rationality and Classical Rationality / 2.2.3:
Fuzzy Optimal Rationality, Contradiction and Cost-Benefit Rationality / 2.3:
Fuzzy Optimal Rationality and the Theory of Contradiction / 2.3.1:
Cost-Benefit Rationality and Fuzzy Optimal Rationality / 2.3.2:
Fuzzy Rationality, Ambiguity and Risk in Decision-Choice Process / 3:
Ambiguity, Probability and Decision / 3.1:
The Epistemic Analyses of the Decision-Choice Cohorts / 3.2:
Cohort I: Non-fuzzy and Non-stochastic Decision-Choice Systems / 3.2.1:
Cohort II: Non-fuzzy and Stochastic Decision-Choice Systems / 3.2.2:
Cohort III: Fuzzy and Non-stochastic Decision-Choice System / 3.2.3:
Cohort IV: Fuzzy and Stochastic Decision-Choice System / 3.2.4:
The Organic Paradigm of Decision-Choice Theories / 3.3:
A Brief Reflection on Optimal Rationality in Economics and Psychology / 3.4:
Epistemics of Risk and Optimal Decision-Choice Rationality / 4:
Introduction / 4.1:
The Conceptual-Measurement Problem of Information, Uncertainty and Risk / 4.2:
Epistemic Definitions of Uncertainty and Risk / 4.3:
Accident, Necessity and the Knowledge-Risk Squares / 4.4:
Risk, Freedom and Decision-Choice Rationality / 4.5:
Freedom under Uncertainty and Risk / 4.5.1:
The Principle of Compatibility of Necessity and Freedom / 4.5.2:
Reflections on Some Decision-Choice Theories on Uncertainty and Risk / 5:
The Classical Decision-Choice Theories under Stochastic Uncertainty and Risk / 5.1:
Principle of Insufficient Reason, Principle of Sufficient Reason and Uncertainty-Risk Decision-Choice Theories / 5.2:
Conceptual Foundations of Fuzzy Risk and the Decision-Choice Rationality / 5.3:
Risk Engineering, Risk Bearing and Decision-Choice Rationality / 5.4:
Social Risk Engineering / 5.4.1:
Natural Risk Engineering / 5.4.2:
Costs-Benefit Rationality, Risk-Taking and Risk-Engineering / 5.5:
Fuzzy Decision-Choice Rationality and Paradoxes in Decision-Choice Theories / 6:
The Four Structures of Decision-Choice Rationality / 6.1:
Fuzzy Decision-Choice Rationality and the Arrow's Paradox (Impossibility Theorem) / 6.2:
Fuzzy Optimal Decision-Choice Rationality, Utility Theory, Probability and Paradoxes / 6.3:
The Ellsberg Paradox and Savage Axioms / 6.3.1:
A Fuzzy Reflection on Some Suggested Resolutions of Ellsberg Paradox / 6.3.2:
Fuzzy Optimal Rationality and Ellsberg Decision-Choice Experiment / 6.3.3:
A Numerical Example for the Ellsberg's Experiment / 6.4:
Fuzzy Optimal Decision-Choice Rationality, Other Decision Paradoxes and Paradoxes in General / 6.5:
References
On Aggregation and Rationality / R1:
Cost-Benefit Rationality and Decision-Choice Processes / R2:
On Cost-Benefit Rationality and Accounting Theory / R2.1:
On Cost-Benefit Rationality and Real Economic Costing / R2.2:
On Cost-Benefit Rationality and Decision-Choice Criteria / R2.3:
On Cost-Benefit Rationality and Pricing / R2.4:
On Cost-Benefit Rationality and Discounting / R2.5:
Cost-Benefit Rationality and Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) / R2.6:
Cost-Benefit Rationality and the Revealed Preference Approach (RPA) / R2.7:
On Rationality and Social Decision-Choice Process / R3:
On Expectations, Uncertainty and Rationality / R4:
On Decision-Choice Process, Fuzziness and Rationality / R5:
On Fuzzy Decisions, Applications and Rationality / R6:
On Game Theory, Risk Analysis. Fuzziness and Rationality / R7:
On Fuzzy Logic and Rationality / R8:
On Fuzzy Optimization and Decision-Choice Rationality / R9:
On Fuzzy Mathematics and Optimal Rationality / R10:
On Fuzzy Probability, Fuzzy Random Variable and Random Fuzzy Variable / R11:
On Rationality and General Decision-Choice Processes / R12:
On Rationality, Ideology and Decision-Choice Process / R13:
On Rationality, Information and Knowledge / R14:
Rationality and Category Theory in Mathematics, Logic and Sciences / R15:
On Rationality, Probabilistic Concepts and Reasoning / R16:
On Classical Rationality, Optimality and Equilibrium / R17:
On Bounded Rationality / R18:
On Rationality, Information, Games and Decision-Choice Conflicts / R19:
On Rationality and Philosophy of Science / R20:
On Rationality, Riskiness, Decision-Choice Process and Paradoxes / R21:
On Theories of Utility and Expected Utility / R22:
On Vagueness and Approximation / R23:
On Rationality, Prescriptive Science and Theory of Planning / R24:
Index
Fuzzy Rationality, Uncertainty and Expectations / 1:
Expectations and Rationality / 1.1:
Information, Knowledge and Uncertainty / 1.1.1:
5.

図書

図書
Bertrand Russell
出版情報: New York : Simon and Schuster, c1948  xvi, 524 p. ; 22 cm
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6.

図書

図書
И. Земан ; перевод с чешского Р.Е. Мельцера
出版情報: Москва : "Прогресс", 1966  253 p ; 21 cm
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7.

図書

図書
by Karl R. Popper
出版情報: New York : Harper & Row, 1968  xiii, 417 p. ; 21 cm
シリーズ名: Harper torchbooks ; TB 1376
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface
Acknowledgements
Preface to the Second Edition
Preface to the Third Edition
Introduction: On the Sources of Knowledge and of Ignorance
Conjectures
Science: Conjectures and Refutations / 1:
Some Problems in the Philosophy of Science / Appendix:
The Nature of Philosophical Problems and their Roots in Science / 2:
Three Views Concerning Human Knowledge / 3:
The Science of Galileo and Its Most Recent Betrayal
The Issue at Stake
The First View: Ultimate Explanation by Essences
The Second View: Theories as Instruments / 4:
Criticism of the Instrumentalist View / 5:
The Third View: Conjectures, Truth, and Reality / 6:
Towards a Rational Theory of Tradition
Back to the Presocratics
Historical Conjectures and Heraclitus on Change
A Note on Berkeley as Precursor of Mach and Einstein
Kant's Critique and Cosmology / 7:
Kant and the Enlightenment
Kant's Newtonian Cosmology
The Critique and the Cosmological Problem
Space and Time
Kant's Copernican Revolution
The Doctrine of Autonomy
On the Status of Science and of Metaphysics / 8:
Kant and the Logic of Experience
The Problem of the Irrefutability of Philosophical Theories
Why are the Calculi of Logic and Arithmetic Applicable to Reality? / 9:
Truth, Rationality, and the Growth of Scientific Knowledge / 10:
The Growth of Knowledge: Theories and Problems
The Theory of Objective Truth: Correspondence to the Facts
Truth and Content: Verisimilitude versus Probability
Background Knowledge and Scientific Growth
Three Requirements for the Growth of Knowledge
A Presumably False yet Formally Highly Probable Non-Empirical Statement
Refutations
The Demarcation Between Science and Metaphysics / 11:
Introduction
My Own View of the Problem
Carnap's First Theory of Meaninglessness
Carnap and the Language of Science
Testability and Meaning
Probability and Induction
Language and the Body-Mind Problem / 12:
Four Major Functions of Language
A Group of Theses
The Machine Argument
The Causal Theory of Naming
Interaction
Conclusion
A Note on the Body-Mind Problem / 13:
Self-Reference and Meaning in Ordinary Language / 14:
What is Dialectic? / 15:
Dialectic Explained
Hegelian Dialectic
Dialectic After Hegel
Prediction and Prophecy in the Social Sciences / 16:
Public Opinion and Liberal Principles / 17:
The Myth of Public Opinion
The Dangers of Public Opinion
Liberal Principles: A Group of Theses
The Liberal Theory of Free Discussion
The Forms of Public Opinion
Some Practical Problems: Censorship and Monopolies of Publicity
A Short List of Political Illustrations
Summary
Utopia and Violence / 18:
The History of Our Time: An Optimist's View / 19:
Humanism and Reason / 20:
Addenda: Some Technical Notes
Empirical Content
Probability and the Severity of Tests
Verisimilitude
Numerical Examples
Artificial vs. Formalized Languages
A Historical Note on Verisimilitude (1964)
Some Further Hints on Verisimilitude (1968)
Further Remarks on the Presocratics, especially on Parmenides (1968)
The Presocratics: Unity or Novelty? (1968)
An Argument, due to Mark Twain, against Naive Empiricism (1989)
Index of Mottoes
Index of Names
Index of Subjects
Preface
Acknowledgements
Preface to the Second Edition
8.

図書

図書
by Etienne Wenger ; foreword by John Seely Brown and James Greeno
出版情報: Los Altos, CA : Morgan Kaufmann, c1987  xxiii, 486 p. ; 24 cm
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9.

図書

図書
edited by Abner Shimony and Debra Nails
出版情報: Dordrecht ; Tokyo : D. Reidel Pub. Co. , Norwell, Mass. : Sold and distributed in the U.S.A. and Canada by Kluwer Academic, c1987  vi, 384 p. ; 23 cm
シリーズ名: Boston studies in the philosophy of science ; v. 100
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10.

図書

図書
G.L. Pandit
出版情報: Dordrecht, Holland ; Boston : D. Reidel Pub. Co. , Hingham, Mass. : Sold and distributed in the U.S.A. and Canada by Kluwer Boston, c1983  xxii, 231 p. ; 23 cm
シリーズ名: Boston studies in the philosophy of science ; v. 73
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