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1.

図書

図書
Frank Pobell
出版情報: Berlin : Springer, c2007  xv, 461 p. ; 24 cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Introduction / 1:
Properties of Cryoliquids / 2:
Liquid Air, Liquid Oxygen, Liquid Nitrogen / 2.1:
Liquid Hydrogen / 2.2:
Liquid Helium / 2.3:
Some Properties of the Helium Isotopes / 2.3.1:
Latent Heat of Evaporation and Vapour Pressure / 2.3.2:
Specific Heat / 2.3.3:
Superfluid Film Flow / 2.3.4:
Problems / 2.3.6:
Solid Matter at Low Temperatures / 3:
Insulators / 3.1:
Metals / 3.1.2:
Superconducting Metals / 3.1.3:
Non-Crystalline Solids / 3.1.4:
Magnetic Specific Heat / 3.1.5:
The Low-Temperature Specific Heat of Copper and Platinum / 3.1.6:
Specific Heat of Some Selected Materials / 3.1.7:
Calorimetry or How to Measure Heat Capacities / 3.1.8:
Thermal Expansion / 3.2:
Thermal Expansion of Solids / 3.2.1:
Dilatometers or How to Measure Thermal Expansions / 3.2.2:
Thermal Conductivity / 3.3:
Lattice Conductivity: Phonons / 3.3.1:
Electronic Thermal Conductivity / 3.3.2:
Thermal Conductivity at Low Temperatures / 3.3.3:
Relation Between Thermal and Electrical Conductivity: The Wiedemann-Franz Law / 3.3.4:
Influence of Impurities on Conductivity / 3.3.6:
Thermal Conductivities of Copper, Silver and Aluminum at Low Temperatures / 3.3.7:
How to Measure Thermal Conductivities / 3.3.8:
Magnetic Susceptibilities / 3.4:
Magnetic Susceptibilities of Some Selected Materials / 3.4.1:
How to Measure Susceptibilities and Magnetizations / 3.4.2:
Thermal Contact and Thermal Isolation / 4:
Selection of the Material with the Appropriate Cryogenic Thermal Conductivity / 4.1:
Heat Switches / 4.2:
Gaseous and Mechanical Heat Switches / 4.2.1:
Superconducting Heat Switches / 4.2.2:
Thermal Boundary Resistance / 4.3:
Boundary Resistance Between Metals / 4.3.1:
Boundary Resistance Between Liquid Helium and Solids / 4.3.2:
Helium-4 Cryostats and Closed-Cycle Refrigerators / 5:
Cool-Down Period / 5.1:
Running Phase of the Experiment / 5.1.2:
Helium-4 Cryostats / 5.2:
Double-Walled Glass Dewars / 5.2.1:
Metal Dewars / 5.2.2:
Cryostats for T > 5K / 5.2.3:
Cryostats with Variable Temperature for 1.3 K ? T ? 4.2 K / 5.2.4:
Auxiliary Equipment / 5.2.5:
Closed-Cycle Refrigerators / 5.3:
Temperature Control / 5.4:
Helium-3 Cryostats / 6:
Helium-3 Cryostats with External Pumps / 6.1:
Helium-3 Cryostats with Internal Adsorption Pumps / 6.2:
Phase Diagram and Solubility / 7:
Cooling Power of the Dilution Process / 7.1.2:
Osmotic Pressure / 7.1.5:
Mixing Chamber / 7.2:
Still / 7.3.2:
Heat Exchangers / 7.3.3:
Entropies of Liquid and Solid "He / 7.4:
Pomeranchuk Cooling / 8.3:
Refrigeration by Adiabatic Demagnetization of a Paramagnetic Salt / 9:
The Principle of Magnetic Refrigeration / 9.1:
Thermodynamics of Magnetic Refrigeration / 9.2:
Non-Interacting Magnetic Dipoles in a Magnetic Field / 9.3:
Paramagnetic Salts and Magnetic Refrigerators / 9.4:
Refrigeration by Adiabatic Nuclear Demagnetization / 10:
Some Equations Relevant for Nuclear Refrigeration / 10.1:
Differences in Nuclear and Electronic Demagnetization / 10.2:
Interaction Between Conduction Electrons and Nuclei / 10.3:
Electron-Phonon Coupling / 10.3.1:
Nucleus-Electron Coupling / 10.3.2:
Influence of an External Heat Load and the Optimum Final Magnetic Field / 10.4:
Heat Leaks / 10.5:
External Heat Leaks / 10.5.1:
Eddy Current Heating / 10.5.2:
Internal, Time-Dependent Heat Leaks / 10.5.3:
Heating from Radioactivity and High-Energy Particles / 10.5.4:
Nuclear Refrigerants / 10.6:
Hyperfine Enhanced Nuclear Refrigeration / 10.7:
Nuclear Demagnetization Refrigerators / 10.8:
Temperature Scales and Temperature Fixed Points / 11:
Thermodynamic Temperature / 11.1:
The International Temperature Scale ITS-90 / 11.2:
The New Provisional Low-Temperature Scale PLTS-2000 / 11.3:
Practical but not Officially Accepted Low-Temperature Fixed Points / 11.4:
Fixed Points of EPT-76 / 11.4.1:
The NBS Superconducting Fixed-Point Device / 11.4.2:
The SRD 1000 Superconducting Fixed-Point Device / 11.4.3:
Low-Temperature Thermometry / 11.4.4:
Gas Thermometry / 12.1:
Helium Vapour Pressure Thermometry / 12.2:
Helium Melting Pressure Thermometry / 12.3:
Thermoelectricity / 12.4:
Resistance Thermometry / 12.5:
Doped-Germanium and Carbon Resistors / 12.5.1:
Resistance Bridges / 12.5.3:
Coulomb Blockade Thermometry / 12.6:
Noise Thermometry / 12.7:
Capacitance Thermometry / 12.8:
Magnetic Thermometry with Electronic Paramagnets / 12.9:
Magnetic Thermometry with Nuclear Paramagnets / 12.10:
Non-Resonant, Integral Detection of Nuclear Magnetization / 12.10.1:
Selective Excitation but Non-Resonant Detection of Nuclear Magnetization / 12.10.2:
Resonant Excitation and Resonant Detection of Nuclear Magnetization / 12.10.3:
Magnetic Thermometry via Anisotropy of Gamma Rays / 12.11:
Summary / 12.12:
Miscellaneous Cryogenic Devices and Design Aids / 13:
Cryogenic Pressure Transducers for Thermometry and Manometry / 13.1:
Capacitive Pressure Transducers / 13.1.1:
Inductive Pressure Transducers / 13.1.2:
Cold Valves / 13.2:
Coaxial Cables and Feedthroughs / 13.3:
Small Magnets and Magnet Leads / 13.4:
Small Superconducting Magnets and Magnet Leads / 13.4.1:
Small Pulsed Normal-Conducting Magnets / 13.4.2:
Shielding Against Magnetic Fields and Magnetic Fields Inside of Shields / 13.5:
Normal-Conducting Shields / 13.5.1:
Superconducting Shields / 13.5.2:
Magnetic Fields Inside of Shields / 13.5.3:
Sintered Metal Heat Exchangers / 13.6:
Low-Temperature Motors and Rotators / 13.7:
Optical Experiments at Low Temperatures / 13.8:
Electronic Tunnel-Junction Refrigerators / 13.9:
Torsional and Translational Oscillators / 13.10:
Vibrating Reeds / 13.10.1:
Vibrating Wires / 13.10.2:
Quartz Tuning Forks / 13.10.3:
Double-Paddle Oscillators / 13.10.4:
Composite Torsional Oscillators / 13.10.5:
Some Comments on Low-Temperature Electronics / 13.11:
List of Symbols
Conversion Factors
Suppliers of Cryogenic Equipment and Materials
References
Index
Introduction / 1:
Properties of Cryoliquids / 2:
Liquid Air, Liquid Oxygen, Liquid Nitrogen / 2.1:
2.

図書

図書
by Guy Kendall White
出版情報: Oxford : Clarendon P., 1968  xi, 397 p. ; 23 cm
シリーズ名: Monographs on the physics and chemistry of materials
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Production of Low Temperatures / 1:
Storage and Transfer of Liquefied Gases / 2:
Heat Exchangers / 3:
Temperature Measurement / 4:
Heat Transfer / 5:
Temperature Control / 6:
Introduction to Cryostat Design / 7:
Cooling with Helium-3 / 8:
Adiabatic Expansion / 9:
Vacuum Techniques and Materials / 10:
Physical Properties of Solids / 11:
Production of Low Temperatures / 1:
Storage and Transfer of Liquefied Gases / 2:
Heat Exchangers / 3:
3.

図書

図書
by Guy K. White
出版情報: Oxford : Clarendon Press , New York : Oxford University Press, 1979  xii, 331 p., [4] p. of plates ; 23 cm
シリーズ名: Monographs on the physics and chemistry of materials
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Production of Low Temperatures / 1:
Storage and Transfer of Liquefied Gases / 2:
Heat Exchangers / 3:
Temperature Measurement / 4:
Heat Transfer / 5:
Temperature Control / 6:
Introduction to Cryostat Design / 7:
Cooling with Helium-3 / 8:
Adiabatic Expansion / 9:
Vacuum Techniques and Materials / 10:
Physical Properties of Solids / 11:
Production of Low Temperatures / 1:
Storage and Transfer of Liquefied Gases / 2:
Heat Exchangers / 3:
4.

雑誌

雑誌
北海道大学低温科学研究所
出版情報: Sapporo : Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, 1952-
巻次年月次: 1 (1952)-16 (1961)
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5.

図書

図書
Frank Pobell
出版情報: Berlin : Springer, c1996  xiii, 371 p. ; 24 cm
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6.

図書

図書
A.C. Rose-Innes
出版情報: London : English Universities Press, 1964  xiii, 162 p. ; 23 cm
シリーズ名: Applied physics guides
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7.

図書

図書
editors, N.J. Stone, H. Postma
出版情報: Amsterdam ; Tokyo : North-Holland , New York : Sole distributors for the U.S.A. and Canada, Elsevier Science Pub. Co., 1986  xv, 1007 p. ; 25 cm
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8.

図書

図書
Heike Kamerlingh Onnes ; edited with an introductory essay by Kostas Gavroglu and Yorgos Goudaroulis
出版情報: Dordrecht ; Boston : Kluwer Academic Publishers, c1991  cxv, 570 p. ; 23 cm
シリーズ名: Boston studies in the philosophy of science ; v. 124
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9.

図書

図書
F. Din and A.H. Cockett
出版情報: London : George Newnes, c1960  viii, 216 p. ; 23 cm
シリーズ名: Newnes practical science books
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10.

図書

図書
by H.M. Rosenberg
出版情報: Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1963  xvi, 420 p., 2 leaves of plates ; 24 cm
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