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1.

図書

図書
Tönu Puu
出版情報: Berlin : Springer, c2000  xii, 507 p. ; 25 cm
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2.

図書

図書
Edwin Mansfield and Gary Yohe
出版情報: New York : Norton, c2004  xxiv, 714, 50 p. ; 24 cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
About the Authors
Preface
Introduction / Part 1:
Microeconomics / Chapter 1:
Optimal Production Decisions
Pricing Policy
Efficient Allocation of a Society's Resources
Public Policy Concerning Market Structure
Microeconomics: Problem Solving and Science
Human Wants and Resources
Technology
Tasks Performed by an Economic System
Our Mixed Capitalist System
The Price System and Microeconomics
Hungary's Rough Transition toward the Price System / Example 1.1:
Model-Building and the Role of Models
Evaluating a Model
Summary
Questions/Problems
Demand and Supply / Chapter 2:
Markets
The Demand Side of the Market
Coffee Bars Invade Manhattan / Example 2.1:
The Supply Side of the Market
The Price of Cotton: Highest since the Civil War / Example 2.2:
Determinants of Price
Price Floors and Ceilings
Rent Control, California-Style: Mobile-Home Owners versus Park Owners / Example 2.3:
Consumer Behavior and Market Demand / Part 2:
Tastes and Preferences of the Consumer / Chapter 3:
Consumer Preferences
Indifference Curves
The Concept of Utility
The Marginal Rate of Substitution
Deciphering the Shapes of Indifference Curves / Example 3.1:
The Budget Line
Equilibrium of the Consumer
Consumer Choice and the New Phone Rates / Example 3.2:
Corner Solutions
Corner Solutions and Diminishing Marginal Rates of Substitution
Revealed Preference and the Measurement of Indifference Curves
Determinants of Consumer Tastes and Preferences
The Food Stamp Program / Example 3.3:
Budget Allocation by New York State: An Application
Ordinal and Cardinal Utility / Appendix:
Consumer Behavior and Individual Demand / Chapter 4:
Effects of Changes in Consumer Money Income
Expenditures and Income / Example 4.1:
Effects of Changes in Commodity Prices
Substition and Income Effects
Energy Tax and Rebate Proposal / Example 4.2:
Consumer Surplus
Indexes of the Cost of Living
Household Response to Higher Energy Prices and Their Associated Losses in Consumer Surplus / Example 4.3:
Calculating a Cost-of-Living Index / Example 4.4:
Derivation of the Market Demand Curve / Chapter 5:
The Price Elasticity of Demand
Residential Demand for Water / Example 5.1:
The Income Elasticity of Demand
The Cross-Price Elasticity of Demand
Fur Sales Take a Hit / Example 5.2:
Shifting Demand Curves
The Seller's Side of the Market and Marginal Revenue
Demand and the Distribution of Aggregate Income / Example 5.3:
Industry and Firm Demand Curves
The Measurement of Demand Curves
Attracting Quality Students with Partial Scholarships / Example 5.4:
Choices Involving Risk / Chapter 6:
Probability
Expected Monetary Value
Investing in an Oil Venture: A Case Study
The Expected Value of Perfect Information
How Much Are Accurate Weather Forecasts Worth to Raisin Producers? A Case Study
The Expected Value of Partial Information
Should a Person Maximize Expected Monetary Value?
Maximizing Expected Utility
Should the Company Really Invest in the Oil Venture?
Preferences Regarding Risk
Hospitals and the Health Insurance Bind / Example 6.1:
Why People Buy Insurance
How Much Insurance Should an Individual Buy?
Are Two Consultants Better Than One? / Example 6.2:
Revisiting the Value of Information When People Are Averse to Risk
Behavior in the Face of Risk
The Precautionary Principle
The Cost of Exposure Limits That Have Been Set by Applying the Precautionary Principle / Example 6.3:
Demand for Airline Travel and the Pricing of Tickets / Cross-Chapter Case Part 2:
The Firm: Its Technology and Costs / Part 3:
The Firm and Its Technology / Chapter 7:
Firm Owners and Managers: A Principal-Agent Problem
Technology and Inputs
The Short Run and the Long Run
Is a CEO Really Worth Half a Billion Dollars per Year? / Example 7.1:
The Production Function
The Law of Diminishing Marginal Returns and the Geometry of Average and Marginal Product Curves
The Production Function: Two Variable Inputs
Isoquants
Substitution among Inputs
The Long Run and Returns to Scale
The Measurement of Production Functions
Should Two Kansas Wheat Farms Merge? / Example 7.2:
Optimal Input Combination and Cost Functions / Chapter 8:
Optimal Combination of Inputs
Production of Wheat: An Application
Costs
Rice-Milling in Indonesia / Example 8.1:
Pollution Control: An Application
Social Costs versus Private Costs
Explicit Costs versus Implicit Costs
Proper Comparison of Alternatives
Cost Functions in the Short Run
Least-Cost Reductions of Carbon Emissions / Example 8.2:
Cost Functions in the Long Run
Economies of Scope
The Measurement of Cost Functions
The Shape of the Short-Run Marginal Cost Curve / Example 8.3:
Production and Cost Theory at Work: The Cost of Climate Policy / Cross-Chapter Case Part 3:
Market Structure, Price, and Output / Part 4:
Perfect Competition / Chapter 9:
Price Determination in the Short Run
Auctions and Experimental Economics / Example 9.1:
Price Determination in the Long Run
What Would Be the Effects of National Dental Insurance? / Example 9.2:
The Market for Sulfur Emissions Permits / Example 9.3:
Agricultural Prices and Output: An Application
Applying the Competitive Model / Chapter 10:
Producer Surplus and Total Surplus
Perfect Competition and the Maximization of Total Surplus
The Effect of a Price Ceiling
A Price Ceiling for Gasoline / Example 10.1:
New York Apartments: A Case Study
The Effect of a Price Floor
Agricultural Price Supports: Another Case Study
Protecting Domestic Producers: Tariffs and Quotas
Restrictions on U.S. Imports of Japanese Autos: A Third Case Study
Gains and Losses from Steel Import Quotas / Example 10.2:
Effects on Price of an Excise Tax
Deadweight Loss from an Excise Tax
Should the Gasoline Tax Be Raised? / Example 10.3:
Postcript
Monopoly / Chapter 11:
Short-Run Equilibrium Price and Output
Long-Run Equilibrium Price and Output
Playing the Slots at Foxwoods / Example 11.1:
Multiplant Monopoly
A Comparison of Monopoly with Perfect Competition
Monopoly Power
Price Discrimination
The Microsoft Finding and the Value of Startup Software Companies / Example 11.2:
Two-Part Tariffs and Tying
Two-Part Tariffs in the National Football League / Example 11.3:
Bundling: Another Pricing Technique
Public Regulation of Monopoly
Case Studies
Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly / Chapter 12:
Monopolistic Competition
Equilibrium Price and Output in the Short and Long Runs
Excess Capacity and Product Diversity
Markup Pricing
Comparisons with Perfect Competition and Monopoly
Advertising Expenditures: A Simple Model
Optimal Advertising Expenditures: A Graphical Analysis
The Social Value of Advertising
Advertising, Spectacles, and the FTC / Example 12.1:
Oligopoly
The Nash Equilibrium
An Example of a Nash Equilibrium: The Cournot Model
The Stackelberg Model
The Bertrand Model
Collusion and Cartels
The Retail Market for Tires / Example 12.2:
The Instability of Cartels
The OPEC Oil Cartel: An Application
The International Supply of Crude Oil / Example 12.3:
Price Leadership
Entry and Contestable Markets
Game Theory and Strategic Behavior / Chapter 13:
The Theory of Games
Game Trees
Nash Equilibria: Further Discussion
Maximin Strategies
Should Amherst Buy All Its Steel from Duquesne? / Example 13.1:
The Prisoners' Dilemma
Cheating on a Cartel Agreement
The Repeated Prisoners' Dilemma and the Tit-for-Tat Strategy
Strategic Moves
The Role of Incentives and Contracts / Example 13.2:
Threats: Empty and Credible
Deterrence of Entry
Limit Pricing
First-Mover Advantages
How Governments Can Tilt the Outcome of Oligopoly / Example 13.3:
Capacity Expansion and Preemption
Nonprice Competition
The Effects of Oligopoly
Shaking the Tree of Global Telecommunications Markets / Cross-Chapter Case Part 4:
Markets for Inputs / Part 5:
Price and Employment of Inputs / Chapter 14:
Profit Maximization and Input Employment
The Firm's Demand Curve: The Case of One Variable Input
The Firm's Demand Curve: The Case of Several Variable Inputs
The Market Demand Curve
Determinants of the Price Elasticity of Demand for an Input
The Market Supply Curve
Income and Substitution Effects in the Supply of Labor / Example 14.1:
Equilibrium Price and Employment of an Input
Rent
Imperfectly Competitive Output Markets
Does Immigration Benefit the United States? / Example 14.2:
Monopsony
Effects of Increasing the Minimum Wage / Example 14.3:
Investment Decisions / Chapter 15:
Intertemporal Choice: Consumption and Saving
Interest Rates and Investment
The Equilibrium Level of Interest Rates
Present Value
Valuing a Stream of Payments
The Net Present Value Rule for Investment Decisions
Neil Simon Goes Off-Broadway / Example 15.1:
The Investment Decision: An Example
Real versus Nominal Interest Rates
Risk and Diversification
Diversifiable and Nondiversifiable Risk
The Capital-Asset Pricing Model
Including Risk in Net Present Value Calculations: Some Examples
The Stock Market: The Efficient Markets Hypothesis
Internal Rates of Return and Bond Yields
How Much Is a Bond Worth?
Game Theory in Action: Investment as a Strategic Decision / Example 15.2:
Pricing Exhaustible Resources
Game Theory in Action: A Tit-for-Tat Time Horizon / Example 15.3:
Sex Discrimination and Comparable Worth / Cross-Chapter Case Part 5:
Information, Efficiency, and Government / Part 6:
General Equilibrium Analysis and Resource Allocation / Chapter 16:
Partial Equilibrium Analysis versus General Equilibrium Analysis
The Existence of General Equilibrium
A Simple Model of General Equilibrium
Deregulation of Railroads and Trucks / Example 16.1:
Resource Allocation and the Edgeworth Box Diagram
Exchange
Production
Allocation of Fissionable Material / Example 16.2:
The Production Possibilities Curve
Production and Exchange
The Promotion of Economic Efficiency / Chapter 17:
A Definition of Economic Efficiency
Marginal Conditions for Economic Efficiency
The Utility Possibilities Curve
Equity Considerations
John Rawls on Social Justice / Example 17.1:
Perfect Competition and Economic Efficiency
External Economies and Diseconomies
External Diseconomies on the Highways / Example 17.2:
Increasing Returns, Public Goods, and Imperfect Information
Static Efficiency and Economic Progress
Fairness, Equity, and Efficiency / Example 17.3:
Economic Benefits from Free Trade
The Prevalence of Asymmetric Information / Chapter 18:
Used Cars: An Example of Asymmetric Information
A Graphical Analysis of the Market for Used Cars
Asymmetric Information in the Fixture Market / Example 18.1:
Asymmetric Information and Market Failure
Adverse Selection: A Problem of Hidden Information
Consequences of Adverse Selection
Market Signaling
Dawat, McDonald's, and the Importance of Reputation / Example 18.2:
Moral Hazard: A Problem of Hidden Action
Principal-Agent Problems
Game Theory in Action: Superior Knowledge as a Deterrent to Entry / Example 18.3:
Efficiency Wage Theory
Public Goods, Externalities, and the Role of Government / Chapter 19:
Characteristics of a Public Good
Efficient Output of a Public Good
Provision of Public Goods
The Effect of Voting Rules / Example 19.1:
Externalities: The Case of Environmental Pollution
Game Theory in Action: The Tragedy of the Commons from a Strategic Perspective / Example 19.2:
Property Rights and Coase's Theorem
Government Intervention and Benefit-Cost Analysis
Economic Efficiency and Global Policy to Combat Climate Change / Example 19.3:
Anemia Reduction in Indonesia, Kenya, and Mexico: An Application
Limitations of Government Effectiveness
The FCC and the "Biggest Auction in the Known Universe" / Cross-Chapter Case Part 6:
Glossary of Terms
Brief Answers to Odd Numbered Questions
Index
About the Authors
Preface
Introduction / Part 1:
3.

図書

図書
Daniel C. Vandermeulen
出版情報: Englewood Cliffs ; Hemel Hempstead : Prentice-Hall, 1971  xiii, 543 p. ; 25 cm
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4.

図書

図書
John G. Cullis and Philip R. Jones
出版情報: Oxford : B. Blackwell, 1987  xx, 251 p. ; 24 cm
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5.

図書

図書
Melvin L. Greenhut
出版情報: New York : Appleton-Century-Crofts, c1970  xiv, 389 p. ; 25 cm
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6.

図書

図書
Robert Wichers
出版情報: San Diego, Calif. : Academic Press, c1996  vii, 209 p. ; 24 cm
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7.

図書

図書
[by] Robert L. Heilbroner
出版情報: Englewood Cliffs, N.J. : Prentice-Hall, [1968]  xvii, 141 p. ; 24 cm
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8.

図書

図書
by Milton Friedman
出版情報: Chicago : Aldine Pub. Co, c1962  285 p. ; 27 cm
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9.

図書

図書
Arthur A. Thompson, Jr
出版情報: Englewood Cliffs, N.J. : Prentice-Hall, c1981  xx, 635 p. ; 25 cm
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10.

図書

図書
B. Curtis Eaton, Diane F. Eaton
出版情報: New York, N.Y. : W.H. Freeman, c1988  xv, 471 p. ; 26 cm
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