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図書

図書
Arieh Ben-Naim
出版情報: Hackensack, N.J. : World Scientific, c2009  xxx, 629 p. ; ill. (some col.) ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Molecular theory of water and aqueous solutions / Arieh Ben-Naim ; pt. 1
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Preface
Acknowledgments
List of Abbreviations
Survey of the Properties of Water Personal Introduction / 1:
Introduction and Some Historical Notes / 1.1:
Properties of Water in the Gaseous Phase / 1.2:
The single water molecule / 1.2.1:
Interaction between two water molecules / 1.2.2:
Properties of Water in the Solid Phase / 1.3:
Ordinary ice / 1.3.1:
The residual entropy of ice / 1.3.2:
The phase diagram of water / 1.3.3:
Properties of Water in the Liquid Phase / 1.4:
Some outstanding properties of water / 1.4.1:
Molar volume of water and its temperature dependence / 1.4.2:
Heat capacity / 1.4.3:
Isothermal compressibility / 1.4.4:
The radial distribution function of water / 1.4.5:
The Kirkwood-Buff Integral / 1.5:
Ideal gas / 1.5.1:
Inert gases represented as Lennard-Jones particles / 1.5.2:
Water, methanol, and ethanol / 1.5.3:
Solvation of Water in Water / 1.6:
The Importance of Water in Biological Systems / 1.7:
Theoretical Approaches to the Study of Liquid Water Personal Introduction / 2:
Introduction / 2.1:
The General Theoretical Framework / 2.2:
The Mixture-Model Approach to Liquid Water / 2.3:
The origin of the mixture-model theory of water / 2.3.1:
Wada's two-structure model for water: The success and the limitation of the MM approach / 2.3.2:
An exact MM approach to the theory of liquids / 2.3.3:
Application of an exact two-structure model / 2.3.4:
Lattice Models for Water / 2.4:
The Pauling model and its solution / 2.4.1:
The heat capacity and the isothermal compressibility / 2.4.3:
A One-Dimensional Model for Water / 2.5:
The primitive model and the corresponding partition function / 2.5.1:
Selected illustrative results for the primitive model / 2.5.3:
The primitive cluster model for water and its partition function / 2.5.4:
Cluster's size distribution / 2.5.5:
Selected results for the primitive cluster model / 2.5.6:
Some concluding remarks regarding the 1-D model for water / 2.5.7:
A Two-Dimensional Model for Water / 2.6:
The physical model of water-like particles in two dimensions / 2.6.1:
The application of the Percus-Yevick equation to the BN2D model / 2.6.3:
Simulated results / 2.6.4:
Further development of the 2-D model / 2.6.5:
Three-Dimensional Models for Water / 2.7:
Introduction: A new era of waterresearch / 2.7.1:
Effective pair potential for water / 2.7.2:
Second virial coefficients of water / 2.7.3:
Definition of the structure of water / 2.7.4:
An approximate method of calculating the structure of water / 2.7.5:
Solvation of water in pure water / 2.7.6:
Distribution of species of water molecules / 2.7.7:
Application of the Percus-Yevick equation / 2.7.8:
Application of cluster expansion to water / 2.7.9:
Water with One Simple Solute Personal Introduction / 2.7.10:
Survey of Some Properties of Simple Aqueous Solutions / 3.1:
Solvation and Conditional Solvation / 3.3:
Definition of the solvation process / 3.3.1:
Hydrophobic and hydrophilic solutes / 3.3.2:
Why do we need solvation quantities? / 3.3.3:
Statistical Mechanical Expressions for the Solvation Thermodynamic Quantities / 3.4:
Application of the Mixture-Model Approach to Water / 3.5:
Application of a two-structure model (TSM) / 3.5.1:
Generalization to any mixture model of water / 3.5.2:
Application of an Interstitial Model for Water to Aqueous Solutions / 3.6:
The Problem of Stabilization of the Structure of Water / 3.7:
The concept of structural temperature / 3.7.1:
Formulation of the problem within the mixture-model approach / 3.7.2:
The application of the Kirkwood-Buff theory / 3.7.3:
An exact argument for a hard-point solute / 3.7.4:
An approximate measure of the structural change induced by the solute / 3.7.5:
An empirical estimate of the structural changes induced by the solute on the solvation entropy / 3.7.6:
Application of the Scaled Particle Theory / 3.8:
Application of a One-Dimensional Model / 3.9:
Solvation of hard rods in the primitive model for water / 3.9.1:
Application of the primitive cluster model for dilute solutions of inert solutes / 3.9.3:
Results for HR solute in dilute solutions of the primitive cluster model / 3.9.4:
Applications of Two-Dimensional Models / 3.10:
Applications of Three-Dimensional Models / 3.11:
Water with Two Solute Molecules; Hydrophobic Hydrophilic Phenomena Personal Introduction / 4:
The Experimental Evidence / 4.1:
Redefinition of the HøO Interaction / 4.3:
A Simple Measure of the Strength of the "Pure" HøO Interaction / 4.4:
Some experimental data on the strength of HøO interactions / 4.4.1:
HøO interaction among m identical spherical non-polar solute particles / 4.4.2:
Attaching a methyl group to various hydrocarbons / 4.4.3:
Attaching an ethyl group to various molecules / 4.4.4:
The hydrophobic interaction at zero separation / 4.4.5:
The hydrophobic interaction at contact distance between the two solutes / 4.4.6:
An improved approximate measure of the HøO interaction / 4.4.7:
Intramolecular HøO Interactions / 4.5:
A simple measure of the intermolecular HøO interaction / 4.5.1:
Mixed HøO-HøI interactions / 4.5.2:
Temperature and Pressure Dependence / 4.6:
Some experimental values of the entropy, enthalpy, and volume changes associated with the HøO interaction / 4.7.1:
Formal statistical mechanical expressions for ?G, ?S, ?H, and ?V for the HøO process / 4.7.2:
Hydrophobic interaction and structural changes in the solvent / 4.7.3:
A measure of the amount of structural changes in the solvent / 4.7.4:
Solvent Induced Interactions Between Two Hydrophilic Høl Groups / 4.8:
The Høl interaction at R1 ? 2.76 Ã… / 4.8.1:
The Høl interaction at R2 = 4.5 Ã… / 4.8.2:
Intramolecular HHøl interaction at R2 = 4.5 Ã… / 4.8.3:
Application of One-Dimensional Models to Study Hydrophobic Interactions / 4.9:
Application of Two-Dimensional Models / 4.10:
Application of Three-Dimensional Models / 4.11:
Hydrophobic or Hydrophilic? That is the Question! / 4.12:
A short history of the rise and fall of hydrophobia and hydrophilia / 4.12.1:
The decline of the hydrophilic effect / 4.12.2:
The rise of the H?O effect / 4.12.3:
The resurgence of the H?l effects / 4.12.4:
Appendices
The Tetrahedral Geometry / Appendix A:
Calculation of the Residual Entropy of Water / Appendix B:
The Kirkwood-Buff Integrals for an Ideal Gas / Appendix C:
The Equivalence Between the One-Component and the Mixture-Model Views of the Same System / Appendix D:
The Generalized Euler Theorem / Appendix E:
Some Identities in the Mixture-Model Approach / Appendix F:
The Statistical Mechanical Expression for the Solvation Gibbs Energy of Hard Spheres and the Work of Cavity Formation / Appendix G:
The Solubility of a Simple Solute in Water and Structural Changes Induced in the Solvent / Appendix H:
An Estimate of the Strength of Hydrophilic Interaction at R = 4.5 Ã… / Appendix I:
Calculated Data on H?l Interactions / Appendix j:
Experimental Evidence for the Entropy-Enthalpy Compensation / Appendix K:
Solutions to Selected Exercises / Appendix L:
References
Index
Preface
Acknowledgments
List of Abbreviations
2.

図書

図書
by J.S. Rowlinson and B. Widom
出版情報: Oxford, Oxfordshire : Clarendon Press , New York : Oxford University Press, 1982  xi, 327 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: International series of monographs on chemistry ; 8
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Principal symbols
Mechanical Molecular Models / 1:
Introduction / 1.1:
Molecular mechanics / 1.2:
Capillary phenomena / 1.3:
The internal energy of a liquid / 1.4:
The continuous surface profile / 1.5:
The mean molecular field / 1.6:
Thermodynamics / 2:
Thermodynamics and kinetic theory / 2.1:
The thermodynamics of the surface / 2.2:
Surface functions / 2.3:
The spherical surface / 2.4:
Quasi-thermodynamics--a first look / 2.5:
The Theory of van der Waals / 3:
The surface tension / 3.1:
Independently variable densities / 3.3:
Gibbs adsorption equation in the van der Waals theory / 3.4:
Constraints on the range of fluctuations / 3.5:
Statistical Mechanics of the Liquid-Gas Surface / 4:
Distribution and correlation functions / 4.1:
The pressure tensor / 4.3:
The virial route to the surface tension / 4.4:
Functionals of the distribution functions / 4.5:
The surface tension from the direct correlation function / 4.6:
Equivalence of the two expressions for the surface tension / 4.7:
Density fluctuations and their correlation / 4.8:
Local thermodynamic functions / 4.10:
Model Fluids in the Mean-Field Approximation / 5:
Introduction: mean-field theory of a homogeneous fluid of attracting hard spheres / 5.1:
Liquid-gas interface in the model of attracting hard spheres / 5.2:
Lattice-gas model: one component / 5.3:
Lattice-gas model: two components / 5.4:
Penetrable-sphere model: theory / 5.5:
Penetrable-sphere model: applications / 5.6:
Penetrable-sphere model: spherical surfaces / 5.7:
Computer Simulation of the Liquid-Gas Surface / 6:
The experimental background / 6.1:
The methods of computer simulation / 6.2:
The density profile / 6.3:
Further work / 6.4:
Calculation of the Density Profile / 7:
Solution of the YBG equation / 7.1:
Approximations for the direct correlation function / 7.3:
Modified van der Waals theories / 7.4:
Perturbation theories / 7.5:
Surface tension / 7.6:
Three-Phase Equilibrium / 8:
Contact angles and Neumann's triangle / 8.1:
Spreading and Antonow's rule / 8.3:
The [alpha gamma] interface / 8.4:
Phase transitions in interfaces. The Cahn transition / 8.5:
Three-phase line and line tension / 8.6:
Interfaces Near Critical Points / 9:
Introduction: mean-field approximation / 9.1:
Digression on the Ornstein-Zernike theory of the pair-correlation function / 9.2:
Digression on critical-point exponents / 9.3:
Van der Waals theory with non-classical exponents / 9.4:
Tricritical points / 9.5:
Non-critical interface near a critical endpoint / 9.6:
Renormalization-group theory; field-theoretical models / 9.7:
Dirac's delta-function / Appendix 1:
Name Index
Subject Index
Principal symbols
Mechanical Molecular Models / 1:
Introduction / 1.1:
3.

図書

図書
by G.H.A. Cole
出版情報: Oxford ; New York : Pergamon Press, c1967  x, 284 p. ; 24 cm
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4.

図書

図書
by Leonard K. Nash
出版情報: Cambridge : Harvard University Press, 1950  v, 115 p. ; 23 cm
シリーズ名: Harvard case histories in experimental science / James Bryant Conant, general editor ; case 4
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5.

図書

図書
by A.Ya. Kipnis, B.E. Yavelov, and J.S. Rowlinson
出版情報: Oxford : Clarendon Press, 1996  ix, 313 p. ; 25 cm
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Preface
Leiden / 1:
The HBS teacher / 2:
'An exceedingly ingenious thesis' / 3:
The University of Amsterdam / 4:
At the Royal Academy of Sciences / 5:
Scientific work in the 1880s / 6:
An assessment / 7:
The teacher and his school / 8:
Van der Waals and Russian science / 9:
In retirement / 10:
Molecular physics / 11:
Physical chemistry / 12:
Conclusion / 13:
Bibliography
Name Index
Subject Index
Preface
Leiden / 1:
The HBS teacher / 2:
6.

図書

図書
edited by Jan Becher, Kjeld Schaumburg
出版情報: Dordrecht ; Boston : Kluwer Academic Publishers, c1995  xx, 376 p. ; 25 cm
シリーズ名: NATO ASI series ; Series C, Mathematical and physical sciences ; Vol. 456
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7.

図書

図書
by William T. Simpson
出版情報: Englewood Cliffs, N.J. : Prentice-Hall, 1962  viii, 183 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Prentice-Hall international series in chemistry
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8.

図書

図書
[by] Milton K. Snyder
出版情報: New York : Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1966.8  xiii, 752 p. ; 25 cm
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9.

図書

図書
edited by G. Scoles
出版情報: Amsterdam ; New York : North-Holland , New York, N.Y., U.S.A. : Sole distributors for the USA and Canada, Elsevier Science Pub. Co., 1990  xviii, 814 p. ; 25 cm
シリーズ名: Rendiconti della Scuola internazionale di fisica "Enrico Fermi" ; course 107
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10.

図書

図書
edited by E.R. Bernstein
出版情報: Amsterdam, Netherlands ; Tokyo : Elsevier, 1990  xiv, 806 p. ; 25 cm
シリーズ名: Studies in physical and theoretical chemistry ; 68
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