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1.

図書

図書
Whewell, William, 1794-1866
出版情報: Bristol : Thoemmes Press, 2001  xxiii, 370 p., [2] folded p. of plates ; 23 cm
シリーズ名: Collected works of William Whewell / edited and introduced by Richard Yeo ; v. 6 . Philosophy of science
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2.

図書

図書
Whewell, William, 1794-1866
出版情報: Bristol : Thoemmes Press, 2001  xvi, 531 p. ; 23 cm
シリーズ名: Collected works of William Whewell / edited and introduced by Richard Yeo ; v. 7 . Philosophy of science
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3.

図書

図書
edited by Kevin Crowley, Christian D.Schunn, Takeshi Okada
出版情報: Mahwah, N.J. : Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2001  xiv, 498 p. ; 23 cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface
List of Contributors
Fundamentals of Science Thinking / Part I:
"Seek and Ye Shall Find": How Curiosity Engenders Discovery / Herbert A. Simon1:
Explanatory Conversations and Young Children's Developing Scientific Literacy / Maureen A. Callanan ; Jennifer L. Jipson2:
The Rhythms of Scientific Thinking: A Study of Collaboration in an Earthquake Microworld / Margarita Azmitia ; Kevin Crowley3:
Acquiring Expertise in Science: Explorations of What, When, and How / Christian Schunn ; John Anderson4:
What Scientific Thinking Reveals About The Nature of Cognition / Kevin Dunbar5:
Scientific Thinking: A Cognitive-Historical Approach / Ryan Tweney6:
Building for Scientific Thinking / Part II:
Complexity, Emergence, and Synthetic Models in Science Education / David E. Penner7:
From Cognition to Instruction to Cognition: A Case Study in Elementary School Science Instruction / David Klahr ; Zhe Chen ; Eva Toth8:
Reconsidering the Role of Experiment in Science Education / Richard Lehrer ; Leona Schauble ; Anthony Petrosino9:
Developing Reflective Inquiry practices: A Case Study of Software, Teacher, and Students / Ben Loh ; Brian J. Reiser ; Josh Radinsky ; Daniel C. Edelson ; Louis M. Gomez ; Sue Marshall10:
High Throughput Discovery: Search and Interpretation on the Path to New Drugs / Jeff Shrager11:
Evaluating Scientific Thinking / Part III:
Epistemologically Authentic Scientific Reasoning / Clark A. Chinn ; Betina A. Malhotra12:
Everday Activity and the Development of Scientific Thinking / Jodi Galco13:
Facets of Students' Thinking: Designing to Cross the Gap from Research to Standards-Based Practice / Jim Minstrell14:
The Role of Hypothesis Formation in Psychological Research / Takeshi Okada ; Takashi Shimokido15:
Internet Epistemology: Contributions of New Information Technologies to Scientific Research / Paul Thagard16:
Author Index
Subject Index
Preface
List of Contributors
Fundamentals of Science Thinking / Part I:
4.

図書

図書
James Ladyman
出版情報: London : Routledge, 2002  xiii, 290 p. ; 24 cm
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction
Philosophy of science as epistemology and metaphysics
The Scientific Method / Part I:
Induction and Inductivism / 1:
The sceptic's challenge / 1.1:
The scientific revolution / 1.2:
The 'new tool' of induction / 1.3:
(Naive) inductivism / 1.4:
Further reading
The Problem of Induction and Other Problems with Inductivism / 2:
The problem of induction / 2.1:
Solutions and dissolutions of the problem of induction / 2.2:
Inductivism and the history of science / 2.3:
Theory and observation / 2.4:
Conclusions / 2.5:
Falsificationism / 3:
Popper and the critique of Marxism and psychoanalysis / 3.1:
Popper's solution to the problem of induction / 3.2:
The context of discovery and the context of justification / 3.3:
The Duhem problem / 3.4:
Problems with falsificationism / 3.5:
Revolutions and Rationality / 3.6:
The received view of science / 4.1:
Kuhn's revolutionary history of science / 4.2:
Paradigms and normal science / 4.3:
The Copernican revolution / 4.4:
Incommensurability / 4.5:
Relativism and the role of reason in science / 4.7:
Realism and Antirealism About Science / Part II:
Scientific Realism / 5:
Appearance and reality / 5.1:
The metaphysics of the external world / 5.2:
Semantics / 5.3:
Standard scientific realism / 5.4:
Antirealism / 5.5:
Underdetermination / 6:
Constructive empiricism / 6.1:
Explanation and Inference / 7:
Explanation / 7.1:
Inference to the best explanation / 7.2:
Common sense, realism and constructive empiricism / 7.3:
Realism About What? / 8:
Theory change / 8.1:
Multiple models / 8.2:
Idealisation / 8.3:
Structural realism / 8.4:
Glossary
Bibliography
Index
Preface
Acknowledgements
Introduction
5.

図書

図書
Steve Fuller
出版情報: Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 2001, c2000  xvii, 472 p. ; 24 cm
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Preface: Being There with Thomas Kuhn
Introduction
The Pilgrimage from Plato to NATO: Episodes in Embushelment / I:
The Last Time Scientists Struggled for the Soul of Science / II:
The Politics of the Scientific Image in the Age of Conant / III:
From Conant's Education Strategy to Kuhn's Research Strategy / IV:
How Kuhn Unwittingly Saved Social Science from a Radical Future / V:
The World Not Well Lost: Philosophy after Kuhn / VI:
Kuhnification as Ritualized Political Impotence: The Hidden History of Science Studies / VII:
Conclusions / VIII:
References
Index
Preface: Being There with Thomas Kuhn
Introduction
The Pilgrimage from Plato to NATO: Episodes in Embushelment / I:
6.

図書

図書
by Michael Polanyi
出版情報: Chicago : University of Chicago Press, c1959  102 p. ; 19 cm
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7.

図書

図書
by A.S. Eddington
出版情報: New York : Macmillan , Cambridge, England : Cambridge University Press, c1928  xix, 361 p. ; 20 cm
シリーズ名: The Gifford lectures ; 1927
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8.

図書

図書
Eric B. Winsberg
出版情報: Chicago, Ill. : University of Chicago Press, 2010  xi, 152 p. ; 24 cm
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Acknowledgments
Introduction / 1:
Sanctioning Models: Theories and Their Scope / 2:
Methodology for a Virtual World / 3:
A Tale of Two Methods / 4:
When Theories Shake Hands / 5:
Models of Climate: Values and Uncertainties / 6:
Reliability without Truth / 7:
Conclusion / 8:
References
Index
Acknowledgments
Introduction / 1:
Sanctioning Models: Theories and Their Scope / 2:
9.

図書

図書
Nancy Cartwright
出版情報: Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1999  ix, 247 p. ; 23 cm
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Introduction
Where Do Laws of Nature Come From? / Part I:
Fundamentalism versus the patchwork of laws / 1:
Fables and models / 2:
Nomological machines and the laws they produce / 3:
Laws and their Limits / Part II:
Aristotelian natures and the modern experimental method / 4:
Causal diversity, causal stability / 5:
Ceteris paribus laws and the socio-economic machines / 6:
Probability machines: chance set-ups and economic models / 7:
The Boundaries of Quantum and Classical Physics and the Territories they Share / Part III:
How bridge principles set the domain of quantum theory / 8:
How quantum and classical theories relate / 9:
Introduction
Where Do Laws of Nature Come From? / Part I:
Fundamentalism versus the patchwork of laws / 1:
10.

図書

図書
A.F. Chalmers
出版情報: Indianapolis : Hackett Pub. Co., 1999  xxii, 266 p. ; 22 cm
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