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1.

図書

図書
Eleftherios N. Economou
出版情報: Berlin : Springer, c2010  xix, 865 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Graduate texts in physics
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2.

図書

図書
Maurice J. Sinnott
出版情報: New York : Wiley , London : Chapman & Hall, c1958  xi, 522 p. ; 24 cm
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3.

図書

図書
Hans- Waldemar Streitwolf ; translated by J. B. Sykes, translation edited by B. Donovan
出版情報: London : Macdonald, 1971  248 p ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: University physics series
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4.

図書

図書
Neil Gershenfeld
出版情報: Cambridge, England : Cambridge University Press, 2000  xiv, 370 p. ; 26 cm
シリーズ名: Cambridge Series on Information and the Natural Sciences
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Interactions, Units, and Magnitudes / 2:
Units / 2.1:
Particles and Forces / 2.2:
Orders of Magnitude / 2.3:
Selected References / 2.4:
Problems / 2.5:
Noise in Physical Systems / 3:
Random Variables / 3.1:
Expectation Values / 3.1.1:
Spectral Theorems / 3.1.2:
Probability Distributions / 3.2:
Binomial / 3.2.1:
Poisson / 3.2.2:
Gaussian / 3.2.3:
Central Limit Theorem / 3.2.4:
Noise Mechanisms / 3.3:
Shot Noise / 3.3.1:
Johnson Noise / 3.3.2:
l/f Noise and Switching Noise / 3.3.3:
Amplifier Noise / 3.3.4:
Thermodynamics and Noise / 3.4:
Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics / 3.4.1:
Equipartition Theorem / 3.4.2:
Fluctuation--Dissipation Theorem / 3.4.3:
Information in Physical Systems / 3.5:
Information / 4.1:
Channel Capacity / 4.2:
The Gaussian Channel / 4.3:
Fisher Information / 4.4:
Information and Thermodynamics / 4.5:
Electromagnetic Fields and Waves / 4.6:
Vector Calculus / 5.1:
Vectors / 5.1.1:
Differential Operators / 5.1.2:
Integral Relationships / 5.1.3:
Statics / 5.2:
Electrostatics / 5.2.1:
Magnetostatics / 5.2.2:
Multipoles / 5.2.3:
Dynamics / 5.3:
Maxwell's Equations / 5.3.1:
Boundary Conditions / 5.3.2:
Electromagnetic Units / 5.3.3:
Radiation and Energy / 5.4:
Waves / 5.4.1:
Electromagnetic Energy / 5.4.2:
Circuits, Transmission Lines, and Waveguides / 5.5:
Circuits / 6.1:
Current and Voltage / 6.1.1:
Kirchhoff's Laws / 6.1.2:
Resistance / 6.1.3:
Power / 6.1.4:
Capacitance / 6.1.5:
Inductance / 6.1.6:
Wires and Transmission Lines / 6.2:
Skin Depth / 6.2.1:
Transmission Lines / 6.2.2:
Wave Solutions / 6.2.3:
Reflections and Terminations / 6.2.4:
Waveguides / 6.3:
Governing Equations / 6.3.1:
Rectangular Waveguides / 6.3.2:
Circular Waveguides / 6.3.3:
Dielectric Waveguides and Fiber Optics / 6.3.4:
Antennas / 6.4:
Time-Dependent Potentials / 7.1:
Dipole Radiation / 7.2:
Infinitesimal Length / 7.2.1:
Finite Length / 7.2.2:
Duality and Reciprocity / 7.3:
Antenna Types / 7.4:
Optics / 7.5:
Reflection and Refraction / 8.1:
Geometrical Optics / 8.2:
Ray Matrices / 8.2.1:
Optical Transforms / 8.2.2:
Beyond Geometrical Optics / 8.3:
Lensless Imaging and Inverse Problems / 8.4:
Matched Filters and Synthetic Lenses / 9.1:
Coherent Imaging / 9.2:
Computed Tomography / 9.3:
Magnetic Resonance Imaging / 9.4:
Inverse Problems / 9.5:
Semiconductor Materials and Devices / 9.6:
Quantum Statistical Mechanics / 10.1:
Electronic Structure / 10.2:
Junctions, Diodes, and Transistors / 10.3:
Logic / 10.4:
Limits / 10.5:
Generating, Detecting, and Modulating Light / 10.6:
Generation / 11.1:
Incandescence / 11.1.1:
Luminescence: LEDs, Lasers, and Flat Panels / 11.1.2:
Detection / 11.2:
Modulation / 11.3:
Polarization / 11.3.1:
Liquid Crystals / 11.3.2:
Smoke and Mirrors / 11.3.3:
Magnetic Storage / 11.4:
Magnetism / 12.1:
Diamagnetism / 12.1.1:
Paramagnetism / 12.1.2:
Ferro-, Antiferro-, and Ferri-magnetism / 12.1.3:
Magnetic Recording / 12.2:
Magnetic Media / 12.2.1:
Recording Systems / 12.2.2:
Measurement and Coding / 12.3:
Instrumentation / 13.1:
Amplifiers / 13.1.1:
Grounding, Shielding, and Leads / 13.1.2:
Bridges / 13.1.3:
Modulation and Detection / 13.2:
Synchronous Detection / 13.2.1:
Phase Detection and Encoding / 13.2.2:
Spread Spectrum / 13.2.3:
Digitization / 13.2.4:
Coding / 13.3:
Compression / 13.3.1:
Error Correction / 13.3.2:
Channel Coding / 13.3.3:
Cryptography / 13.3.4:
Transducers / 13.4:
Many-Body Effects / 14.1:
Superconductivity / 14.1.1:
SQUIDs / 14.1.2:
Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics / 14.2:
Thermoelectricity / 14.2.1:
Piezoelectricity / 14.2.2:
Relativity / 14.3:
Clocks / 14.3.1:
Time / 14.3.2:
Position / 14.3.3:
Quantum Computing and Communications / 14.4:
Quantum Mechanics / 15.1:
States and Operators / 15.1.1:
Angular Momentum / 15.1.2:
Density Matrices / 15.1.3:
Communications / 15.2:
Teleportation / 15.3.1:
Computation / 15.3.4:
Searching / 15.4.1:
Transforms and Factoring / 15.4.2:
Simulation / 15.4.3:
Experimental Implementation / 15.4.4:
Problem Solutions / 15.5:
Circuits, Transmission Lines, and Wave Guides / A1.1:
Generating, Modulating, and Detecting Light / A1.7:
Quantum Computing and Communication / A1.12:
Bibliography
Index
Preface
Introduction / 1:
Interactions, Units, and Magnitudes / 2:
5.

図書

東工大
目次DB

図書
東工大
目次DB
edited by Hideo Aoki, Yasuhiko Syono, Russell J. Hemley
出版情報: New York : Cambridge University Press, 2000  xviii, 397 p.: ill.; 26 cm
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Preface
List of Contributors
Part I Introduction 1
   Chapter 1.1 Physics and Mineralogy: The Current Confluence Hideo Aoki, Yasuhiko Syono, Russell J. Hemley 3
   1.1.1 Introduction 3
   1.1.2 From Mineral Assemblages to First-Principles Theory 4
   1.1.3 Physics Meets Mineralogy: An Overview of the Articles in this Book 10
   1.1.4 Conclusion 15
   References 15
Part II Advances in Theoretical and Experimental Techniques 19
   Chapter 2.1 Density Functional Theory in Mineral Physics Lars Stixrude 21
   2.1.1 Introduction 21
   2.1.2 Theory 23
   2.1.3 Computation 31
   2.1.4 Some Applications 34
   2.1.5 Future Directions 38
   2.1.6 Conclusions 40
   Acknowledgment 41
   References 41
   Chapter 2.2 Crystallographic Orbits and Their Application to Structure Types Takeo Matsumoto 44
   2.2.1 Introduction 44
   2.2.2 Definitions 45
   2.2.3 Application of Noncharacteristic Orbits to the Derived Fluorite-Type Structures 50
   2.2.4 Summary 58
   Acknowledgments 58
   References 58
   Appendix: NCOs of the Space Groups 59
   Chapter 2.3 Accuracy in X-Ray Diffraction Larry W. Finger 63
   2.3.1 Introduction 63
   2.3.2 Axial Divergence 63
   2.3.3 Sample Positioning Errors 67
   2.3.4 Nonhydrostatic Stress 68
   2.3.5 Conclusions 70
   Acknowledgments 70
   References 70
   Chapter 2.4 Statistical Analysis of Phase-Boundary Observations Abby Kavner, Terry Speed, and Raymond Jeanloz 71
   2.4.1 Introduction 71
   2.4.2 Generalized Linear Model 73
   2.4.3 Results: Analysis of Platinum Data 75
   2.4.4 Results: Analysis of Previous Statistical Methods 77
   References 79
Part III New Findings in Oxides and Silicates 81
   Chapter 3.1 Search for a Connection Among Bond Strength, Bond Length, and Electron-Density Distributions G.V. Gibbs, M.B. Boisen, Jr., F.C. Hill, and Osamu Tamada 83
   3.1.1 Introduction 83
   3.1.2 Power-Law Relationships 86
   3.1.3 Discussion 90
   Acknowledgments 93
   References 93
   Chapter 3.2 MgO-The Simplest Oxide R.E. Cohen 95
   3.2.1 Electronic Structure of MgO 96
   3.2.2 Equation of State 101
   3.2.3 Elasticity 103
   3.2.4 Thermal Conductivity 106
   3.2.5 Melting 113
   3.2.6 Defects and Diffusion 117
   3.2.7 Summary and Conclusions 119
   Acknowledgments 120
   References 120
   Chapter 3.3 First-Principles Theoretical Study of the High-Pressure Phases of MnO and FeO: Normal and Inverse NiAs Structures Z. Fang, K. Terakura, H. Sawada, I. Solovyev, and T. Miyazaki 124
   3.3.1 Introduction 124
   3.3.2 First-Principles Calculations Based on DFT 127
   3.3.3 Plane-Wave Basis Pseudopotential Method 128
   3.3.4 Results and Discussion 130
   3.3.5 Summary of Results 140
   Acknowledgments 140
   References 140
   Chapter 3.4 Computer-Simulation Approach to the Thermoelastic, Transport, and Melting Properties of Lower-Mantle Phases Atul Patel, Lidunka Vocadlo, and G. David Price 143
   3.4.1 Introduction 143
   3.4.2 Computer-Simulation Techniques and Diffusion Models 144
   3.4.3 Geophysical Applications 151
   3.4.4 Summary 167
   References 168
Part IV Transformations in Silica 171
   Chapter 4.1 Polymorphism in Crystalline and Amorphous Silica at High Pressures Russell J. Hemley, James Badro, and David M. Teter 173
   4.1.1 Introduction 173
   4.1.2 Equilibrium High-Pressure Phases 174
   4.1.3 Metastable Crystalline High-Pressure Phases 181
   4.1.4 High-Pressure Amorphous Forms 190
   4.1.5 High-Density Liquid 196
   4.1.6 Conclusions 200
   References 200
   Chapter 4.2 Shock-Induced Phase Transitions of Rutile Structures Studies by the Molecular-Dynamics Calculation Keiji Kusaba and Yasuhiko Syono 205
   4.2.1 Introduction 205
   4.2.2 Computational Experiments 208
   4.2.3 Result 210
   4.2.4 Comparing Calculation Results with High-Pressure Experiments 219
   4.2.5 Summary 222
   Acknowledgment 222
   References 223
   Chapter 4.3 Lattice Instabilities Examined by X-ray Diffractometery and Molecular Dynamics Takamitsu Yamanaka and Taku Tsuchiya 225
   4.3.1 Introduction 225
   4.3.2 Lattice Instability Under Pressure 227
   4.3.3 Homogeneous Three-Dimensional Strain 228
   4.3.4 Effect on the Diffraction Intensity 229
   4.3.5 Effect on th3 Diffraction Profile on the FWHM 231
   4.3.6 Observations of Lattice Instability 232
   4.3.7 Simulation of Pressure-Induced Amorphization by Molecular Dynamics 234
   4.3.8 MD-Dynamics Simulation Techniques 235
   4.3.9 Mechanism of Pressure-Induced Amorphization 238
   References 240
   Chapter 4.4 Effect of Hydrostaticity on the Phase Transformations of Cristobalite Takehiko Yagi and Masaaki Yamakata 242
   4.4.1 Introduction 242
   4.4.2 Experimental 243
   4.4.3 Results 244
   4.4.4 Discussion 251
   4.4.5 Conclusion 253
   Acknowledgments 254
   References 254
Part V Novel Structures and Materials 257
   Chapter 5.1 Opportunities in the Diversity of Crystal Structures - A View from Condensed-Matter Physics Hideo Aoki 259
   5.1.1 Introduction 259
   5.1.2 Polymorphism - A Case Study in Silica 260
   5.1.3 Polymorphs in General 275
   5.1.4 Pressure-Induced Amorphisation 279
   5.1.5 Superstructures 280
   5.1.6 Metal-Insulator Transition - An Example of the Electron-Correlation Effect 284
   5.1.7 Electron-Correlation Engineering in Novel Structures 286
   Acknowledgments 293
   References 293
   Chapter 5.2 Theoretical Search for New Materials - Low-Temperature Compression of Graphitic Layered Materials S. Tsuneyuki, Y. Tateyama, T. Ogitsu, and K. Kusakabe 299
   5.2.1 Introduction 299
   5.2.2 BCN Heterodiamond 301
   5.2.3 Li-Encapsulated Diamond 303
   5.2.4 Conclusion 305
   Acknowledgments 306
   References 306
   Chapter 5.3 H...H Interactions and Order-Disorder at High Pressure in Layered Hydroxides and Dense Hydrous Phases J.B. Parise, H. Kagi, J.S. Loveday, R.J. Nelmes, and W.G. Marshall 308
   5.3.1 Introduction 308
   5.3.2 Experimental Details 314
   5.3.3 Results 316
   5.3.4 Discussion 318
   5.3.5 Conclusion and Future Work 319
   Acknowledgments 319
   References 320
Part VI Melts and Crystal-Melt Interactions 323
   Chapter 6.1 Comparison of Pair-Potential Models for the Simulation of Liquid SiO2: Thermodynamic, Angular-Distribution, and Diffusional Properties M. Hemmati and C.A. Angell 325
   6.1.1 Introduction 325
   6.1.2 Procedures 328
   6.1.3 Results 330
   6.1.4 Discussion 335
   6.1.5 Conclusions 336
   Acknowledgments 336
   References 337
   Chapter 6.2 Transport Properties of Silicate Melts at High Pressure Brent T. Poe and David C. Rubie 340
   6.2.1 Introduction 340
   6.2.2 Previous Experimental Studies 342
   6.2.3 Experimental Methods 344
   6.2.4 Ion-Microprobe Probe Analysis 345
   6.2.5 Results and Discussion 346
   Acknowledgments 351
   References 352
   Chapter 6.3 Structural Characterization of Oxide Melts with Advanced X-Ray-Diffraction Methods Yoshio Waseda and Kazumasa Sugiyama 354
   6.3.1 Introduction 354
   6.3.2 Ordinary Angular-Dispersive X-Ray Diffraction 355
   6.3.3 Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Diffraction 363
   6.3.4 Anomalous X-Ray-Scattering Method 369
   6.3.5 Summary 377
   Acknowledgments 378
   References 378
   Chapter 6.4 Computer-Simulation Approach for the Prediction of Trace-Element Partitioning Between Crystal and Melt Masami Kanzaki 381
   6.4.1 Introduction 381
   6.4.2 Calculation Procedure 382
   6.4.3 Results 385
   6.4.4 Discussion 388
   Acknowledgments 389
   References 389
Subject Index 391
Materials Formula Index 395
Index of Contributors 397
Preface
List of Contributors
Part I Introduction 1
6.

図書

図書
by Frederick Seitz
出版情報: New York : McGraw-Hill, c1940  xv, 698 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: International series in pure and applied physics
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7.

図書

図書
Robert L. Sproull, W. Andrew Phillips
出版情報: New York : Wiley, c1980  xi, 682 p. ; 24 cm
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8.

図書

図書
Donard de Cogan
出版情報: Basingstoke : Macmillan Education, 1987  xiii, 154 p. ; 24cm
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9.

図書

図書
A.J. Pertsin, A.I. Kitaigorodsky
出版情報: Berlin ; Tokyo : Springer-Verlag, c1987  ix, 397 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Springer series in chemical physics ; v. 43
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10.

図書

図書
C. C. Bradley
出版情報: London : Butterworths, c1969  vii, 176 p., [3] leaves of plates ; 22 cm
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