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図書

図書
James Larminie, Andrew Dicks
出版情報: Chichester : Wiley, c2003  xxii, 406 p. ; 26 cm
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Preface
Foreword to the first edition / 1:
Introduction
Acknowledgements / 2:
Efficiency and Open Circuit Voltage
Abbreviations / 3:
Operational Fuel Cell Voltages
Symbols / 4:
Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells
Alkaline Electrolyte Fuel Cells / 5:
Medium and High Temperature Fuel cells / 6:
Hydrogen Fuel Cells--Basic Principles / 7:
Fuelling fuel cells
Compressors, Turbines, Ejectors, Fans, Blowers and Pumps / 1.2:
What Limits the Current?
Delivering Fuel Cell Power / 9:
Connecting Cells in Series--the Bipolar Plate / 10:
Change in Molar Gibbs Free Energy Calculations
Useful Fuel Cell Equations / 1.4:
Gas Supply and Cooling
Index / 12:
Fuel Cell Types
Other Cells--Some Fuel Cells, Some Not / 1.6:
Biological fuel cells / 1.6.1:
Metal/air cells / 1.6.2:
Redox flow cells or regenerative fuel cells / 1.6.3:
Other Parts of a Fuel Cell System / 1.7:
Figures Used to Compare Systems / 1.8:
Advantages and Applications / 1.9:
References
Energy and the EMF of the Hydrogen Fuel Cell / 2.1:
The Open Circuit Voltage of Other Fuel Cells and Batteries / 2.2:
Efficiency and Efficiency Limits / 2.3:
Efficiency and the Fuel Cell Voltage / 2.4:
The Effect of Pressure and Gas Concentration / 2.5:
The Nernst equation / 2.5.1:
Hydrogen partial pressure / 2.5.2:
Fuel and oxidant utilisation / 2.5.3:
System pressure / 2.5.4:
An application--blood alcohol measurement / 2.5.5:
Summary / 2.6:
Terminology / 3.1:
Fuel Cell Irreversibilities--Causes of Voltage Drop / 3.3:
Activation Losses / 3.4:
The Tafel equation / 3.4.1:
The constants in the Tafel equation / 3.4.2:
Reducing the activation overvoltage / 3.4.3:
Summary of activation overvoltage / 3.4.4:
Fuel Crossover and Internal Currents / 3.5:
Ohmic Losses / 3.6:
Mass Transport or Concentration Losses / 3.7:
Combining the Irreversibilities / 3.8:
The Charge Double Layer / 3.9:
Distinguishing the Different Irreversibilities / 3.10:
Overview / 4.1:
How the Polymer Electrolyte Works / 4.2:
Electrodes and Electrode Structure / 4.3:
Water Management in the PEMFC / 4.4:
Overview of the problem / 4.4.1:
Airflow and water evaporation / 4.4.2:
Humidity of PEMFC air / 4.4.3:
Running PEM fuel cells without extra humidification / 4.4.4:
External humidification--principles / 4.4.5:
External humidification--methods / 4.4.6:
PEM Fuel Cell Cooling and Air Supply / 4.5:
Cooling using the cathode air supply / 4.5.1:
Separate reactant and cooling air / 4.5.2:
Water cooling of PEM fuel cells / 4.5.3:
PEM Fuel Cell Connection--the Bipolar Plate / 4.6:
Flow field patterns on the bipolar plates / 4.6.1:
Making bipolar plates for PEM fuel cells / 4.6.3:
Other topologies / 4.6.4:
Operating Pressure / 4.7:
Outline of the problem / 4.7.1:
Simple quantitative cost/benefit analysis of higher operating pressures / 4.7.2:
Other factors affecting choice of pressure / 4.7.3:
Reactant Composition / 4.8:
Carbon monoxide poisoning / 4.8.1:
Methanol and other liquid fuels / 4.8.2:
Using pure oxygen in place of air / 4.8.3:
Example Systems / 4.9:
Small 12-W system / 4.9.1:
Medium 2-kW system / 4.9.2:
205-kW fuel cell engine / 4.9.3:
Historical Background and Overview / 5.1:
Basic principles / 5.1.1:
Historical importance / 5.1.2:
Main advantages / 5.1.3:
Types of Alkaline Electrolyte Fuel Cell / 5.2:
Mobile electrolyte / 5.2.1:
Static electrolyte alkaline fuel cells / 5.2.2:
Dissolved fuel alkaline fuel cells / 5.2.3:
Operating Pressure and Temperature / 5.3:
Electrodes for Alkaline Electrolyte Fuel Cells / 5.4:
Sintered nickel powder / 5.4.1:
Raney metals / 5.4.3:
Rolled electrodes / 5.4.4:
Cell Interconnections / 5.5:
Problems and Development / 5.6:
Direct Methanol Fuel Cells
Anode Reaction and Catalysts / 6.1:
Overall DMFC reaction / 6.2.1:
Anode reactions in the alkaline DMFC / 6.2.2:
Anode reactions in the PEM direct methanol FC / 6.2.3:
Anode fuel feed / 6.2.4:
Anode catalysts / 6.2.5:
Electrolyte and Fuel Crossover / 6.3:
How fuel crossover occurs / 6.3.1:
Standard techniques for reducing fuel crossover / 6.3.2:
Fuel crossover techniques in development / 6.3.3:
Cathode Reactions and Catalysts / 6.4:
Methanol Production, Storage, and Safety / 6.5:
Methanol production / 6.5.1:
Methanol safety / 6.5.2:
Methanol compared to ethanol / 6.5.3:
Methanol storage / 6.5.4:
Direct Methanol Fuel Cell Applications / 6.6:
Medium and High Temperature Fuel Cells
Common Features / 7.1:
An introduction to fuel reforming / 7.2.1:
Fuel utilisation / 7.2.2:
Bottoming cycles / 7.2.3:
The use of heat exchangers--exergy and pinch technology / 7.2.4:
The Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC) / 7.3:
How it works / 7.3.1:
Performance of the PAFC / 7.3.2:
Recent developments in PAFC / 7.3.3:
The Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell (MCFC) / 7.4:
Implications of using a molten carbonate electrolyte / 7.4.1:
Cell components in the MCFC / 7.4.3:
Stack configuration and sealing / 7.4.4:
Internal reforming / 7.4.5:
Performance of MCFCS / 7.4.6:
Practical MCFC systems / 7.4.7:
The Solid Oxide Fuel Cell / 7.5:
SOFC components / 7.5.1:
Practical design and stacking arrangements for the SOFC / 7.5.3:
SOFC performance / 7.5.4:
SOFC combined cycles, novel system designs and hybrid systems / 7.5.5:
Intermediate temperature SOFCs / 7.5.6:
Fuelling Fuel Cells
Fossil Fuels / 8.1:
Petroleum / 8.2.1:
Petroleum in mixtures: tar sands, oil shales, gas hydrates, and LPG / 8.2.2:
Coal and coal gases / 8.2.3:
Natural gas / 8.2.4:
Bio-Fuels / 8.3:
The Basics of Fuel Processing / 8.4:
Fuel cell requirements / 8.4.1:
Desulphurisation / 8.4.2:
Steam reforming / 8.4.3:
Carbon formation and pre-reforming / 8.4.4:
Direct hydrocarbon oxidation / 8.4.5:
Partial oxidation and autothermal reforming / 8.4.7:
Hydrogen generation by pyrolysis or thermal cracking of hydrocarbons / 8.4.8:
Further fuel processing--carbon monoxide removal / 8.4.9:
Practical Fuel Processing--Stationary Applications / 8.5:
Conventional industrial steam reforming / 8.5.1:
System designs for natural gas fed PEMFC and PAFC plants with steam reformers / 8.5.2:
Reformer and partial oxidation designs / 8.5.3:
Practical Fuel Processing--Mobile Applications / 8.6:
General issues / 8.6.1:
Methanol reforming for vehicles / 8.6.2:
Micro-scale methanol reactors / 8.6.3:
Gasoline reforming / 8.6.4:
Electrolysers / 8.7:
Operation of electrolysers / 8.7.1:
Applications of electrolysers / 8.7.2:
Electrolyser efficiency / 8.7.3:
Generating at high pressure / 8.7.4:
Photo-electrolysis / 8.7.5:
Biological Production of Hydrogen / 8.8:
Photosynthesis / 8.8.1:
Hydrogen production by digestion processes / 8.8.3:
Hydrogen Storage I--Storage as Hydrogen / 8.9:
Introduction to the problem / 8.9.1:
Safety / 8.9.2:
The storage of hydrogen as a compressed gas / 8.9.3:
Storage of hydrogen as a liquid / 8.9.4:
Reversible metal hydride hydrogen stores / 8.9.5:
Carbon nanofibres / 8.9.6:
Storage methods compared / 8.9.7:
Hydrogen Storage II--Chemical Methods / 8.10:
Methanol / 8.10.1:
Alkali metal hydrides / 8.10.3:
Sodium borohydride / 8.10.4:
Ammonia / 8.10.5:
Compressors, Turbines, Ejectors, Fans, Blowers, and Pumps / 8.10.6:
Compressors--Types Used / 9.1:
Compressor Efficiency / 9.3:
Compressor Power / 9.4:
Compressor Performance Charts / 9.5:
Performance Charts for Centrifugal Compressors / 9.6:
Compressor Selection--Practical Issues / 9.7:
Turbines / 9.8:
Turbochargers / 9.9:
Ejector Circulators / 9.10:
Fans and Blowers / 9.11:
Membrane/Diaphragm Pumps / 9.12:
DC Regulation and Voltage Conversion / 10.1:
Switching devices / 10.2.1:
Switching regulators / 10.2.2:
Inverters / 10.3:
Single phase / 10.3.1:
Three phase / 10.3.2:
Regulatory issues and tariffs / 10.3.3:
Power factor correction / 10.3.4:
Electric Motors / 10.4:
General points / 10.4.1:
The induction motor / 10.4.2:
The brushless DC motor / 10.4.3:
Switched reluctance motors / 10.4.4:
Motors efficiency / 10.4.5:
Motor mass / 10.4.6:
Fuel Cell/Battery or Capacitor Hybrid Systems / 10.5:
Fuel Cell Systems Analysed
Energy Systems / 11.1:
Well-To-Wheels Analysis / 11.3:
Importance of well-to-wheels analysis / 11.3.1:
Well-to-tank analysis / 11.3.2:
Main conclusions of the GM well-to-wheels study / 11.3.3:
Power-Train or Drive-Train Analysis / 11.4:
Example System I--PEMFC Powered Bus / 11.5:
Example System II--Stationary Natural Gas Fuelled System / 11.6:
Flow sheet and conceptual systems designs / 11.6.1:
Detailed engineering designs / 11.6.3:
Further systems analysis / 11.6.4:
Closing Remarks / 11.7:
Hydrogen Fuel Cell / Appendix 1:
The Carbon Monoxide Fuel Cell / A1.2:
Oxygen and Air Usage / Appendix 2:
Air Exit Flow Rate / A2.3:
Hydrogen Usage / A2.4:
Water Production / A2.5:
Heat Produced / A2.6:
Preface
Foreword to the first edition / 1:
Introduction
2.

図書

図書
Andrew L. Dicks, David A. J. Rand
出版情報: Chichester : Wiley, 2018  xxviii, 460 p. ; 26 cm
所蔵情報: loading…
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