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1.

図書

図書
editors, A.E. Potter & T.L. Wilson
出版情報: New York : American Institute of Physics, c1990  xii, 323 p. ; 25 cm
シリーズ名: AIP conference proceedings ; no. 202
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2.

図書

図書
Thomas L. Wilson, Kristen Rohlfs, Susanne Hüttemeister
出版情報: Berlin ; New York : Springer, c2009  xv, 515 p. ; 24 cm
シリーズ名: Astronomy and astrophysics library
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目次情報: 続きを見る
Radio Astronomical Fundamentals / 1:
On the Role of Radio Astronomy in Astrophysics / 1.1:
The Radio Window / 1.2:
Some Basic Definitions / 1.3:
Radiative Transfer / 1.4:
Black Body Radiation and the Brightness Temperature / 1.5:
The Nyquist Theorem and the Noise Temperature / 1.6:
Problems
Electromagnetic Wave Propagation Fundamentals / 2:
Maxwell's Equations / 2.1:
Energy Conservation and the Poynting Vector / 2.2:
Complex Field Vectors / 2.3:
The Wave Equation / 2.4:
Plane Waves in Nonconducting Media / 2.5:
Wave Packets and the Group Velocity / 2.6:
Plane Waves in Conducting Media / 2.7:
The Dispersion Measure of a Tenuous Plasma / 2.8:
Wave Polarization / 3:
Vector Waves / 3.1:
The Poincaré Sphere and the Stokes Parameters / 3.2:
Quasi-Monochromatic Plane Waves / 3.3:
The Stokes Parameters for Quasi-Monochromatic Waves / 3.4:
Faraday Rotation / 3.5:
Signal Processing and Receivers: Theory / 4:
Signal Processing and Stationary Stochastic Processes / 4.1:
Probability Density, Expectation Values and Ergodicity / 4.1.1:
Autocorrelation and Power Spectrum / 4.1.2:
Linear Systems / 4.1.3:
Filters / 4.1.4:
Digitization and Sampling / 4.1.5:
Gaussian Random Variables / 4.1.6:
Square Law Detectors / 4.1.7:
Limiting Receiver Sensitivity / 4.2:
Noise Uncertainties due to Random Processes / 4.2.1:
Receiver Stability / 4.2.2:
Receiver Calibration / 4.2.3:
Practical Receiver Systems / 5:
Historical Introduction / 5.1:
Bolometer Radiometers / 5.1.1:
The Noise Equivalent Power of a Bolometer / 5.1.2:
Currently Used Bolometer Systems / 5.1.3:
Coherent Receivers / 5.2:
The Minimum Noise in a Coherent System / 5.2.1:
Basic Components: Passive Devices / 5.2.2:
Basic Components: Active Devices / 5.2.3:
Semiconductor Junctions / 5.2.4:
Practical HEMT Devices / 5.2.5:
Superconducting Mixers / 5.2.6:
Hot Electron Bolometers / 5.2.7:
Summary of Front Ends Presently in Use / 5.3:
Single Pixel Receiver Systems / 5.3.1:
Multibeam Systems / 5.3.2:
Back Ends: Correlation Receivers, Polarimeters and Spectrometers / 5.4:
Correlation Receivers and Polarimeters / 5.4.1:
Spectrometers / 5.4.2:
Fourier and Autocorrelation Spectrometers / 5.4.3:
Pulsar Back Ends / 5.4.4:
Fundamentals of Antenna Theory / 6:
Electromagnetic Potentials / 6.1:
Green's Function for the Wave Equation / 6.2:
The Hertz Dipole / 6.3:
Arrays of Emitters / 6.3.1:
Arrays of Hertz Dipoles / 6.3.2:
Radiation Fields of Filled Antennas / 6.4:
Two Dimensional Far Field / 6.4.1:
Three Dimensional Far Field / 6.4.2:
Circular Apertures / 6.4.3:
Antenna Taper Related to Power Pattern / 6.4.4:
The Reciprocity Theorem / 6.5:
Summary / 6.6:
Practical Aspects of Filled Aperture Antennas / 7:
Descriptive Antenna Parameters / 7.1:
The Power Pattern P(?, ?) / 7.1.1:
The Main Beam Solid Angle / 7.1.2:
The Effective Aperture / 7.1.3:
The Concept of Antenna Temperature / 7.1.4:
Primary Feeds / 7.2:
Prime Focus Feeds: Dipole and Reflector / 7.2.1:
Horn Feeds Used Today / 7.2.2:
Multiple Reflector Systems / 7.2.3:
Antenna Tolerance Theory / 7.3:
The Practical Design of Parabolic Reflectors / 7.4:
General Considerations / 7.4.1:
Specific Telescopes / 7.4.2:
Single Dish Observational Methods / 7.5:
The Earth's Atmosphere / 8.1:
Calibration Procedures / 8.2:
General / 8.2.1:
Compact Sources / 8.2.2:
Extended Sources / 8.2.3:
Calibration of cm Wavelength Telescopes / 8.2.4:
Calibration of mm and sub-mm Wavelength Telescopes for Heterodyne Systems / 8.2.5:
Bolometer Calibrations / 8.2.6:
Continuum Observing Strategies / 8.3:
Point Sources / 8.3.1:
Imaging of Extended Continuum Sources / 8.3.2:
Additional Requirements for Spectral Line Observations / 8.4:
Radial Velocity Settings / 8.4.1:
Stability of the Frequency Bandpass / 8.4.2:
Instrumental Frequency Baselines / 8.4.3:
The Effect of Stray Radiation / 8.4.4:
Spectral Line Observing Strategies / 8.4.5:
The Confusion Problem / 8.5:
Introduction / 8.5.1:
Interferometers and Aperture Synthesis / 9:
The Quest for Angular Resolution / 9.1:
The Two Element Interferometer / 9.1.1:
Two-Element Interferometers / 9.2:
Hardware Requirements / 9.2.1:
Calibration / 9.2.2:
Responses of Interferometers / 9.2.3:
Aperture Synthesis / 9.3:
An Appropriate Coordinate System / 9.3.1:
Historical Development / 9.3.2:
Interferometric Observations / 9.3.3:
Improving Visibility Functions / 9.3.4:
Multi-Antenna Array Calibrations / 9.3.5:
Data Processing / 9.3.6:
Advanced Image Improvement Methods / 9.4:
Self-Calibration / 9.4.1:
Applying Clean to the Dirty Map / 9.4.2:
Maximum Entropy Deconvolution Method (MEM) / 9.4.3:
Interferometer Sensitivity / 9.5:
Very Long Baseline Interferometers / 9.6:
Interferometers in Astrometry and Geodesy / 9.7:
Emission Mechanisms of Continuous Radiation / 10:
The Nature of Radio Sources / 10.1:
Black Body Radiation from Astronomical Objects / 10.1.1:
Radiation from Accelerated Electrons / 10.2:
The Frequency Distribution of Bremsstrahlung for an Individual Encounter / 10.3:
The Radiation of an Ionized Gas Cloud / 10.4:
Nonthermal Radiation Mechanisms / 10.5:
Review of the Lorentz Transformation / 10.6:
The Synchrotron Radiation of a Single Electron / 10.7:
The Total Power Radiated / 10.7.1:
The Angular Distribution of Radiation / 10.7.2:
The Frequency Distribution of the Emission / 10.7.3:
The Spectrum and Polarization of Synchrotron Radiation / 10.8:
The Spectral Distribution of Synchrotron Radiation from an ensemble of Electrons / 10.9:
Homogeneous Magnetic Field / 10.9.1:
Random Magnetic Field / 10.9.2:
Energy Requirements of Synchrotron Sources / 10.10:
Low-Energy Cut-Offs in Nonthermal Sources / 10.11:
Inverse Compton Scattering / 10.12:
The Sunyaev-Zeldovich Effect / 10.12.1:
Energy Loss from High-Brightness Sources / 10.12.2:
Some Examples of Thermal and Nonthermal Radio Sources / 11:
The Quiet Sun / 11.1:
Radio Radiation from H II Regions / 11.2:
Thermal Radiation / 11.2.1:
Radio Radiation from Ionized Stellar Winds / 11.2.2:
Supernovae and Supernova Remnants / 11.3:
The Hydrodynamic Evolution of Supernova Remnants / 11.4:
The Free-Expansion Phase / 11.4.1:
The Second Phase: Adiabatic Expansion / 11.4.2:
The Radio Evolution of Older Supernova Remnants / 11.5:
Pulsars / 11.6:
Detection and Source Nature / 11.6.1:
Distance Estimates and Galactic Distribution / 11.6.2:
Intensity Spectrum and Pulse Morphology / 11.6.3:
Pulsar Timing / 11.6.4:
Rotational Slowdown and Magnetic Moment / 11.6.5:
Binary Pulsars and Millisecond Pulsars / 11.6.6:
Radio Emission Mechanism / 11.6.7:
Extragalactic Sources / 11.7:
Radio Galaxies: Cygnus A / 11.7.1:
An Example of the Sunyaev-Zeldovich Effect: Clusters of Galaxies / 11.7.2:
Relativistic Effects and Time Variability / 11.7.3:
Spectral Line Fundamentals / 12:
The Einstein Coefficients / 12.1:
Radiative Transfer with Einstein Coefficients / 12.2:
Dipole Transition Probabilities / 12.3:
Simple Solutions of the Rate Equation / 12.4:
Line Radiation of Neutral Hydrogen / 13:
The 21 cm Line of Neutral Hydrogen / 13.1:
The Zeeman Effect / 13.2:
Spin Temperatures / 13.3:
Emission and Absorption Lines / 13.4:
The Influence of Beam Filling Factors and Source Geometry / 13.4.1:
The Physical State of the Diffuse Interstellar Gas / 13.5:
Differential Velocity Fields and the Shape of Spectral Lines / 13.6:
The Galactic Velocity Field in the Interstellar Gas / 13.7:
Atomic Lines in External Galaxies / 13.8:
Virial Masses / 13.8.1:
The Tully-Fisher Relation / 13.8.2:
Recombination Lines / 14:
Emission Nebulae / 14.1:
Photoionization Structure of Gaseous Nebulae / 14.2:
Pure Hydrogen Nebulae / 14.2.1:
Hydrogen and Helium Nebulae / 14.2.2:
Actual HII Regions / 14.2.3:
Rydberg Atoms / 14.3:
Line Intensities Under LTE Conditions / 14.4:
Line Intensities when LTE Conditions do not Apply / 14.5:
Collisional Broadening / 14.5.1:
The Interpretation of Radio Recombination Line Observations / 14.6:
Anomalous Cases / 14.6.1:
Recombination Lines from Other Elements / 14.7:
Overview of Molecular Basics / 15:
Basic Concepts / 15.1:
Rotational Spectra of Diatomic Molecules / 15.2:
Hyperfine Structure in Linear Molecules / 15.2.1:
Vibrational Transitions / 15.3:
Line Intensities of Linear Molecules / 15.4:
Total Column Densities of CO Under LTE Conditions / 15.4.1:
Symmetric Top Molecules / 15.5:
Energy Levels / 15.5.1:
Spin Statistics / 15.5.2:
Hyperfine Structure / 15.5.3:
Line Intensities and Column Densities / 15.5.4:
Asymmetric Top Molecules / 15.6:
Spin Statistics and Selection Rules / 15.6.1:
Line Intensities and Column Densitiess / 15.6.3:
Electronic Angular Momentum / 15.6.4:
Molecules with Hindered Motions / 15.6.5:
Molecules in Interstellar Space / 16:
History / 16.1:
Molecular Excitation / 16.2:
Excitation of a Two-Level System / 16.2.1:
Maser Emission Processes in One Dimension / 16.2.2:
Non-LTE Excitation of Molecules / 16.2.3:
Models of Radiative Transfer / 16.3:
The Large Velocity Gradient Model / 16.3.1:
Spectral Lines as Diagnostic Tools / 16.4:
Kinetic Temperatures / 16.4.1:
Linewidths, Radial Motions and Intensity Distributions / 16.4.2:
Mass Estimates and Cloud Stability / 16.4.3:
Signatures of Cloud Collapse / 16.4.8:
A Selected Sample of Results / 16.5:
Chemistry / 16.6:
Clouds for which the UV Field can be Neglected / 16.6.1:
Models of Photon Dominated Regions / 16.6.2:
Results / 16.6.3:
Ion-Molecule Chemistry / 16.6.4:
Grain Chemistry / 16.6.5:
Searches for New Molecules / 16.6.6:
Some Useful Vector Relations / A:
The Fourier Transform / B:
The Van Vleck Clipping Correction: One Bit Quantization / C:
The Hankel Transform / D:
A List of Calibration Radio Sources / F:
The Mutual Coherence Function and van Cittert-Zernike Theorem / G:
The Mutual Coherence Function / G.1:
The Coherence Function of Extended Sources: The van Cittert-Zernike Theorem / G.2:
Bibliography
Index
Radio Astronomical Fundamentals / 1:
On the Role of Radio Astronomy in Astrophysics / 1.1:
The Radio Window / 1.2:
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